This week’s research guide Refugees

Refugees - Research Guide International Law

The United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 1951 defines a refugee as ‘owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country’. The definition of a refugee was expanded by the Convention’s 1967 Protocol and by regional conventions in Africa and Latin America to include persons who had fled war or other violence in their home country. The Protocol ensures that internally diplaced persons can be recognized as refugees as well those who flee from areas because of natural disasters, large scale development projects, etc.

Check our Research Guide on Refugees

Library Blog

History of warfare

Are There Limits To Warfare?

Pro-Russian separatists marched captured Ukrainian soldiers through the streets of the eastern Ukrainian city of Donetsk over the weekend. The march was a news event that got the attention of many, including international human rights activists, calling the march a violation of the Geneva Conventions’ rules on the treatment of prisoners of war (POWs). The Geneva Conventions are at the core of international humanitarian law and provide a detailed framework for the protection of prisoners of war during armed conflict.

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Special collections

  • Grotius collection

    • DeIureBelliAcPacis_1st_state
      DeIureBelliAcPacis_1st_state

      De iure belli ac pacis libri tres (1st state) / Hugo Grotius, 1625

    • Neff, S.C. (ed.), Hugo Grotius on the Law of War and Peace, New York, NY, Cambridge University Press, 2012.
      Neff, S.C. (ed.), Hugo Grotius on the Law of War and Peace, New York, NY, Cambridge University Press, 2012.

      Neff, S.C. (ed.), Hugo Grotius on the Law of War and Peace, New York, NY, Cambridge University Press, 2012. [English translation De jure belli ac pacis, Parisiis, apud Nicolaum Buon, 1625]

    • Feenstra, R. and J.B. Vervliet (eds.), Hugo Grotius Mare Liberum: 1609-2009, Leiden, Brill, 2009. [Original Latin text, facsimile of the first edition, 1609 and modern English translation]
      Feenstra, R. and J.B. Vervliet (eds.), Hugo Grotius Mare Liberum: 1609-2009, Leiden, Brill, 2009. [Original Latin text, facsimile of the first edition, 1609 and modern English translation]

      Feenstra, R. and J.B. Vervliet (eds.), Hugo Grotius Mare Liberum: 1609-2009, Leiden, Brill, 2009. [Original Latin text, facsimile of the first edition, 1609 and modern English translation]

    The Peace Palace Library in The Hague holds one of the greatest collections in the world of the works of Hugo Grotius. More about this collection »
  • Peace movement

    • Ein Volk klagt an!: Fünfzig Briefe über den Krieg, Wien/Leipzig, Hess & Co. Verlag, 1931.
      Ein Volk klagt an!: Fünfzig Briefe über den Krieg, Wien/Leipzig, Hess & Co. Verlag, 1931.

      Ein Volk klagt an!: Fünfzig Briefe über den Krieg, Wien/Leipzig, Hess & Co. Verlag, 1931.

    • Wapenstilstand of Vrede?. Tjechoslowakije, uitgave van de Bond van Soc. Dem. Vrouwenclubs, Amsterdam, 1938.
      Wapenstilstand of Vrede?. Tjechoslowakije, uitgave van de Bond van Soc. Dem. Vrouwenclubs, Amsterdam, 1938.

      Wapenstilstand of Vrede?. Tjechoslowakije, uitgave van de Bond van Soc. Dem. Vrouwenclubs, Amsterdam, 1938.

    • Irwin, W., The splendid story of the Battle of Ypres, Reprinted from The Daily Mail, March 4, 1915.
      Irwin, W., The splendid story of the Battle of Ypres, Reprinted from The Daily Mail, March 4, 1915.

      Irwin, W., The Splendid Story of the Battle of Ypres, Reprinted from The Daily Mail, March 4, 1915.

    The Peace Palace Library holds a unique collection on the peace movement from the period 1899- 1940. More about this collection »