World Trade Organization

Introduction

World Trade Organization - Research Guide International Law

The birth of the World Trade Organization (WTO) marked the end of an era in which international trade was governed by the 1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1947). With the refusal of the United States Congress to ratify the Charter of the International Trade Organization (Havana Charter) GATT 1947 was the only means left for the regulation of international trade relations. It was originally conceived as a provisional multilateral agreement for tariff reduction without any reference to a specific institutional umbrella. In spite of its many shortcomings, GATT 1947 gradually evolved into a de facto international organization which helped establish a strong and prosperous multilateral trading system through many rounds of trade negotiations. Although GATT 1947 is now reduced to its original status as a multilateral agreement, its history of decisions, procedures and customary practices still form an important element for the interpretation and understanding of the WTO and its provisions. The World Trade Organization is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on the World Trade Organization. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index code 140a. GATT/WTO and subject heading (keyword) World Trade Organization are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Leading articles

Documents

 

Relevant Legal Texts:

Periodicals, serial publications

 

Bibliographies

New titles


1. The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement and Development
The Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement and Development / Meredith Kolsky Lewis. - Cheltenham ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 28-49 In: Trade Liberalisation and International Co-operation : a Legal Analysis of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement / edited by Tania Voon, ISBN 9781782546771: (2013), Page 28-49. - 2013
Keywords: Developing countries, World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, International trade, Free trade agreements, Special and differential treatment, Co-operation and partnership agreements,

2. Plain Packaging for the Pacific Rim - Tobacco Control and the Trans-Pacific Partnership
Plain Packaging for the Pacific Rim - Tobacco Control and the Trans-Pacific Partnership / Matthew Rimmer. - Cheltenham ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 75-105 In: Trade Liberalisation and International Co-operation : a Legal Analysis of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement / edited by Tania Voon, ISBN 9781782546771: (2013), Page 75-105. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, World Health Organization, TRIPS Agreement (Marrakesh, 15 April 1994), Framework Convention on Tobacco Control [Geneva, 21 May 2003], International trade, Tobacco, Technical barriers, Intellectual property, Co-operation and partnership agreements,

3. Agriculture and the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations
Agriculture and the Trans-Pacific Partnership Negotiations / Deborah Elms. - Cheltenham ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 106-130 In: Trade Liberalisation and International Co-operation : a Legal Analysis of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement / edited by Tania Voon, ISBN 9781782546771: (2013), Page 106-130. - 2013
Keywords: Asia and the Pacific, World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Co-operation and partnership agreements, International trade, Agriculture, Multilateral trade negotiations,

4. Services in the TPP: a Case Study of Telecommunications
Services in the TPP: a Case Study of Telecommunications / Danny Kotlowitz and Tania Voon. - Cheltenham ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 131-155 In: Trade Liberalisation and International Co-operation : a Legal Analysis of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement / edited by Tania Voon, ISBN 9781782546771: (2013), Page 131-155. - 2013
Keywords: Asia and the Pacific, World Trade Organization, GATS Agreement (Marrakesh, 15 April 1994), Co-operation and partnership agreements, International trade, Services, Telecommunications,

5. State-State Dispute Settlement under the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement
State-State Dispute Settlement under the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement / Andrew Mitchell and James Munro. - Cheltenham ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 156-178 In: Trade Liberalisation and International Co-operation : a Legal Analysis of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement / edited by Tania Voon, ISBN 9781782546771: (2013), Page 156-178. - 2013
Keywords: Asia and the Pacific, World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, Co-operation and partnership agreements, International trade, Judicial settlement of international disputes,

6. El ADPIC y la excepción a la patentabilidad de los métodos de diagnóstico, terapéuticos y quirúrgicos para el tratamiento de personas o animales
El ADPIC y la excepción a la patentabilidad de los métodos de diagnóstico, terapéuticos y quirúrgicos para el tratamiento de personas o animales / por Mireia Martínez Barrabés In: Revista electrónica de estudios internacionales = ISSN 1697-5197: (2014), issue 27 (jun). - 2014
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, TRIPS Agreement (Marrakesh, 15 April 1994), European Patent Office, Health, Patents, Biotechnology, Medical services, Pharmaceuticals, Intellectual property,

7. EU Trade Policy and the European Security Strategy
EU Trade Policy and the European Security Strategy : Speaking the Same Language in Different Worlds / Jan Orbie, Lotte Drieghe and Fabienne Bossuyt In: Studia diplomatica = ISSN 0770-2965: vol. 65, issue 3, page 3-23. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Trade policy, European security, Strategy, European neighbourhood policy, World Trade Organization, Partnerships, Commercial agreements, Bilateralism, Common foreign and security policy,

8. European Union Timber Regulation: Is it Legal?
European Union Timber Regulation: Is it Legal? / Akiva Fishman, Krystof Obidzinsky In: Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law = ISSN 0962-8797: vol. 23, issue 2, page 258-274. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Environmental protection, Timber, Forests, Exportation and importation, International trade,

9. How General Should the GATT General Exceptions Be?: A Critique of the ‘Common Intention’ Approach of Treaty Interpretation
How General Should the GATT General Exceptions Be?: A Critique of the ‘Common Intention’ Approach of Treaty Interpretation / by Wenwei Guan In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 2, page 219-258. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, WTO Appellate Body, General exceptions, Interpretation, International trade,

10. Tied Aid: Immunization for Export Subsidies against the Law of the WTO?
Tied Aid: Immunization for Export Subsidies against the Law of the WTO? / by Teoman M. Hagemeyer In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 2, page 259-293. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, International trade, Subsidies and countervailing measures, Exportation and importation, Foreign aid, Judicial settlement of international disputes,

11. Marginal Consumers, Marginalized Economics: Whose Tastes and Habits Should the WTO Panels and Appellate Body Consider When Assessing ‘Likeness’?
Marginal Consumers, Marginalized Economics: Whose Tastes and Habits Should the WTO Panels and Appellate Body Consider When Assessing ‘Likeness’? / by Marios C. Iacovides In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 2, page 323-349. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, International trade, National treatment, Competition, Methodology,

12. A Map of the World Trade Organization Law of Domestic Regulation of Goods: The Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement, the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Agreement, and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade
A Map of the World Trade Organization Law of Domestic Regulation of Goods: The Technical Barriers to Trade Agreement, the Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures Agreement, and the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade / by Gabrielle Marceau, Joel P. Trachtman In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 2, page 351-432. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Sanitary and phytosanitary measures, Technical barriers, International trade, Goods,

13. The Quest for Accountable Governance: Embedded NGOs and Demand Driven Advocacy in the International Trade Regime
The Quest for Accountable Governance: Embedded NGOs and Demand Driven Advocacy in the International Trade Regime / by Erin Norma Hannah In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 3, page 457-479. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, Non-governmental organizations, International trade, Governance,

14. Technical Regulations to Prevent Deceptive Practices: Can WTO Members Protect Consumers from [un] Fair-Trade Coffee and [Less-Than] Free-Range Chicken?
Technical Regulations to Prevent Deceptive Practices: Can WTO Members Protect Consumers from [un] Fair-Trade Coffee and [Less-Than] Free-Range Chicken? / by Erik R. Lowe In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 3, page 593-627. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Technical barriers, International trade, Judicial settlement of international disputes, WTO Appellate Body,

15. The Legality of Local Content Measures under WTO Law
The Legality of Local Content Measures under WTO Law / by Holger P. Hestermeyer, Laura Nielsen In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 3, page 553-591. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, GATS Agreement (Marrakesh, 15 April 1994), Agreement on Trade-Related Investment Measures [Marrakes, 15 April 1994], Subsidies and countervailing measures, International trade, International law and domestic law,

16. OMC, protection diplomatique et endossement
OMC, protection diplomatique et endossement / Guillaume Le Floch. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 49-66 In: Organisation mondiale du commerce et responsabilité : Colloque de Nice 23-24 juin 2011 / sous la direction de Vincent Tomkiewicz ; avec la collaboration de Werner Hoeffner et David Pavot, ISBN 9782233007056: (2013), Page 49-66. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, Diplomatic protection, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Cases,

17. Quelle(s) responsabilité(s) pour l'OMC?
Quelle(s) responsabilité(s) pour l'OMC? / Laurence Boy. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 67-84 In: Organisation mondiale du commerce et responsabilité : Colloque de Nice 23-24 juin 2011 / sous la direction de Vincent Tomkiewicz ; avec la collaboration de Werner Hoeffner et David Pavot, ISBN 9782233007056: (2013), Page 67-84. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, Responsibility of international organizations,

18. Le comportement déclencheur de la responsabilité dans le cadre des plaintes en situation de violation
Le comportement déclencheur de la responsabilité dans le cadre des plaintes en situation de violation / Julien Cazala. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 87-99 In: Organisation mondiale du commerce et responsabilité : Colloque de Nice 23-24 juin 2011 / sous la direction de Vincent Tomkiewicz ; avec la collaboration de Werner Hoeffner et David Pavot, ISBN 9782233007056: (2013), Page 87-99. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Accountability,

19. Les plaintes en situation de non-violation
Les plaintes en situation de non-violation : à la recherche d'une responsabilité internationale / Hugues Hellio. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 101-132 In: Organisation mondiale du commerce et responsabilité : Colloque de Nice 23-24 juin 2011 / sous la direction de Vincent Tomkiewicz ; avec la collaboration de Werner Hoeffner et David Pavot, ISBN 9782233007056: (2013), Page 101-132. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Non-violation complaints, International responsibility, Judicial settlement of international disputes,

20. La science dans l'établissement de la responsabilité à l'OMC
La science dans l'établissement de la responsabilité à l'OMC : la star de la Croisette! / Geneviève Dufour. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 133-152 In: Organisation mondiale du commerce et responsabilité : Colloque de Nice 23-24 juin 2011 / sous la direction de Vincent Tomkiewicz ; avec la collaboration de Werner Hoeffner et David Pavot, ISBN 9782233007056: (2013), Page 133-152. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, International trade, Sanitary and phytosanitary measures, Technical barriers, Trade policy,

21. Les organes de l'État
Les organes de l'État : de deux apparences trompeuses / Patrick Jacob. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 155-179 In: Organisation mondiale du commerce et responsabilité : Colloque de Nice 23-24 juin 2011 / sous la direction de Vincent Tomkiewicz ; avec la collaboration de Werner Hoeffner et David Pavot, ISBN 9782233007056: (2013), Page 155-179. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Institutions and organs, International responsibility,

22. OMC et imputabilité
OMC et imputabilité : le cas de l'Union européenne / Olivier Blin. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 181-197 In: Organisation mondiale du commerce et responsabilité : Colloque de Nice 23-24 juin 2011 / sous la direction de Vincent Tomkiewicz ; avec la collaboration de Werner Hoeffner et David Pavot, ISBN 9782233007056: (2013), Page 181-197. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, International responsibility, Community law and international law,

23. La responsabilité des entités non étatiques à l'OMC
La responsabilité des entités non étatiques à l'OMC / Thierry Garcia. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 199-208 In: Organisation mondiale du commerce et responsabilité : Colloque de Nice 23-24 juin 2011 / sous la direction de Vincent Tomkiewicz ; avec la collaboration de Werner Hoeffner et David Pavot, ISBN 9782233007056: (2013), Page 199-208. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, Non-State actors, International responsibility,

24. Nature, étendue et modalités de la reparation à l'OMC
Nature, étendue et modalités de la reparation à l'OMC / Werner Hoeffner. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 211-224 In: Organisation mondiale du commerce et responsabilité : Colloque de Nice 23-24 juin 2011 / sous la direction de Vincent Tomkiewicz ; avec la collaboration de Werner Hoeffner et David Pavot, ISBN 9782233007056: (2013), Page 211-224. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, International responsibility, Responsibility of international organizations, Legal remedies,

25. La sanction du manquement à l'obligation de mise en conformité
La sanction du manquement à l'obligation de mise en conformité / Andrea Hamann. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 225-254 In: Organisation mondiale du commerce et responsabilité : Colloque de Nice 23-24 juin 2011 / sous la direction de Vincent Tomkiewicz ; avec la collaboration de Werner Hoeffner et David Pavot, ISBN 9782233007056: (2013), Page 225-254. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, Judicial settlement of international disputes, International trade, International obligations, Compliance, Legal remedies, Countermeasures, Sanctions,

26. Países em desenvolvimento em uma ordem internacional em transformação: coalizões e soluções de disputas na OMC
Países em desenvolvimento em uma ordem internacional em transformação: coalizões e soluções de disputas na OMC / Haroldo Ramanzini Junior, Manuela Trindade Viana In: Revista brasileira de política internacional = ISSN 0034-7329: vol. 55, issue 2, page 48-69. - 2012
Keywords: World Trade Organization, Developing countries, Judicial settlement of international disputes, International trade,

27. The World Trade Organization Dispute concerning Genetically Modified Organisms: Precaution Meets International Trade Law
The World Trade Organization Dispute concerning Genetically Modified Organisms: Precaution Meets International Trade Law / David A. Wirth In: Vermont Law Review = ISSN 0145-2908: vol. 37, issue 4, page 1153-1188. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, Genetically modified organisms, Biotechnology, International disputes, International trade,

28. Poiski konsensusa
Poiski konsensusa : mirovaja torgovaja sistema ot GATT k WTO / I.V. Kupalov. - Moskva : Universitet Dimitrija Požarskogo. - Page 225-242 In: Mnogostoronnjaja diplomatija v bipoljarnoj sisteme meždunarodnych otnošenij : sbornik statej / redkollegija: I.I. Egorova, I.V. Gajduk, G.E. Gigolaev, V.L. Malʹkov, ISBN 9785912440601: (2012), Page 225-242. - 2012
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, International trade,

29. Globalna finansijska kriza i njen uticaj na svetske trovinske tokove posebno u okviru sto
Globalna finansijska kriza i njen uticaj na svetske trovinske tokove posebno u okviru sto / Pero Petrović, Dobrica Vesić In: Međunarodni problemi = International problems = ISSN 0025-8555: vol. 66, issue 1-2, page 7-34. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, Economic crisis, International trade, Multilateralism, Regionalism,

30. Global Economic Governance and the EU's External Action
Global Economic Governance and the EU's External Action / Maria João Rodrigues In: Studia diplomatica = ISSN 0770-2965: vol. 64, issue 4, page 85-99. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Global governance, Economy, Common foreign and security policy, Community law, European External Action Service, World Trade Organization, International Monetary Fund,

31. The FTA Paradigm for the Configuration of World Trade and Foreign Investment: The Case of Outward Processing Zones
The FTA Paradigm for the Configuration of World Trade and Foreign Investment: The Case of Outward Processing Zones / by Asif H. Qureshi In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 1, page 111-133. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, International trade, Foreign direct investment, Free trade agreements, Exportation and importation,

32. Trade in Generics v. World-Scale Market Segmentation: Market-Driven Solutions to the ‘Paragraph 6’ Issue
Trade in Generics v. World-Scale Market Segmentation: Market-Driven Solutions to the ‘Paragraph 6’ Issue / by Pablo Zapatero Miguel In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 1, page 81-110. - 2014
Keywords: Developing countries, World Trade Organization, International trade, Pharmaceuticals,

33. Derivatives as a Test Case for International Financial Regulation through the WTO
Derivatives as a Test Case for International Financial Regulation through the WTO / by Abhimanyu George Jain In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 1, page 135-165. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, GATS Agreement (Marrakesh, 15 April 1994), International trade, Financial services, International economic relations,

34. The Pass-Through of Subsidies to Price
The Pass-Through of Subsidies to Price / by Brian D. Kelly In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 2, page 295-321. - 2014
Keywords: United States of America, China, World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, International trade, Subsidies and countervailing measures, Judicial settlement of international disputes,

35. How to Design Trade Agreements in Services: Top Down or Bottom-Up?
How to Design Trade Agreements in Services: Top Down or Bottom-Up? / by Rudolf Adlung, Hamid Mamdouh In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 2, page 191-218. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, GATS Agreement (Marrakesh, 15 April 1994), International trade, Services, Multilateral trade negotiations,

36. Tuna-Dolphin Revisited
Tuna-Dolphin Revisited / by Trish Kelly In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 48, issue 3, page 501-524. - 2014
Keywords: United States of America, Mexico, World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, International trade, Trade barriers, Technical barriers, Environmental protection, Tuna, Dolphins,

Librarian's choice

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  • Struck, C., Product Regulations and Standards in WTO Law, Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer Law International, 2014.

    Struck, C., Product Regulations and Standards in WTO Law, Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer Law International, 2014.

    The interrelation of products, the human body, and the environment presents a fundamental challenge to the international trade regulatory system. In an ever more integrated global market, biotechnology, nanotechnology, and other increasingly prevalent methods of processing food and pharmaceuticals give rise not only to trade issues, but also to health, safety, and security concerns. Product-related cross-border issues such as the spread of disease, the use of riskrelevant substances or components, and safety-related construction issues are increasingly on the agenda for governments and international organizations. A promising response to this challenge – presented in this book – is offered by a harmonization of the multiplicity of rules, standards, guidelines, and recommendations that characterizes the current system of international trade regulation. Based primarily on the author’s thorough research on the rules on harmonization within the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreements on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) and on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement), this book sets forth a workable scheme for the harmonization of public and private regulations and standards – a scheme that, the author shows, is sure to be helpful in reducing non-tariff barriers and achieving further integration of international markets.

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  • Gantz, D.A., Liberalizing International Trade after Doha: Multilateral, Plurilateral, Regional and Unilateral Initiatives, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    Gantz, D.A., Liberalizing International Trade after Doha, Multilateral, Plurilateral, Regional and Unilateral Initiatives, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    After ten years the Doha Development Round is effectively dead. A broadly comprehensive round of trade negotiations reminiscent of the Doha agenda or the Uruguay Round will not likely be attempted again in the foreseeable future. Although some have suggested that Doha’s demise threatens the continued existence of the GATT/WTO system, even with some risks of increasing protectionism, the United States, the European Union, Japan, Brazil, China, and India, among others, have far too much to lose to make abandoning the WTO a rational option. If there is reason for cautious optimism post-Doha it is because there are alternatives to a comprehensive package of new or amended multilateral agreements. In addition to likely consensus on a few noncontroversial multilateral elements of Doha, the alternatives include existing and future “plurilateral” trade agreements, new or revised regional trade agreements covering both goods and services, and liberalized national trade laws and regulations in the WTO member nations. This book discusses the alternatives, which although less than ideal, may provide an impetus for continuing trade liberalization both among willing members and in some instances worldwide.

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  • VanGrasstek, C., The History and Future of the World Trade Organization, Geneva, World Trade Organization, 2013.

    Vangrasstek, C., The History and Future of the World Trade Organization, Geneva, World Trade Organization, 2013.

    This volume offers a comprehensive account of the establishment of the World Trade Organization. It focuses on those who shaped its creation as well as those who have influenced its evolution. The book examines trade negotiations, the WTO dispute settlement role, and the presence of coalitions and groupings within the WTO. It also examines the process of joining the organization, as well as many other topics including what lies ahead for the organization.

     

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  • Watson, J.K.R, The WTO and the Environment: Development of Competence beyond Trade, London, Routledge, 2013.

    Watson, J.K.R, The WTO and the Environment: Development of Competence beyond Trade, London, Routledge, 2013.

    This book is a review of the development of the WTO dispute resolution procedure and the power and influence it has gained over the practises of the member countries as well as in other international treaties. The book addresses the development of environmental competency in the WTO and examines the arguments of those who oppose WTO rule making with impacts on the environment. The WTO’s interactions with multilateral environmental agreements are considered and recent WTO cases including the 2011 US/Mexico tuna dispute and the US sea turtles decision are analysed in detail. In examining how an international organisation which was established with a specific purpose in mind has come to interact in fields beyond its original remit, James Watson demonstrates how the dispute resolution system at the WTO has come to work in a judicialised manner, operating with an informal system of precedent. This has led to the contracting parties placing more reliance on the decisions of the dispute panels and appeal body when considering policy options, with WTO rulings increasingly influencing the behaviour of national legislatures in regard to the environment. The book goes on to make concrete recommendations, based on existing practise in the WTO dispute resolution procedure, which could enhance decision making in environmental cases heard by the WTO. The book argues that this could be achieved with straightforward amendments to the WTO, based on existing practices endorsed under the WTO for other policy considerations. The WTO and the Environment will be of particular interest to academics and students of International and Environmental law.

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  • Wilkinson, R. and J. Scott (eds.), Trade, Poverty, Development: Getting beyond the WTO's Doha Deadlock, London, Routledge, 2013.

    Wilkinson, R. and J. Scott (eds.), Trade, Poverty, Development: Getting beyond the WTO's Doha Deadlock, London, Routledge, 2013.

    This work seeks to look beyond the seemingly endless deadlock in the WTO’s Doha round of trade negotiations that began in November 2001 and were first scheduled to conclude by January 1, 2005. As well as offering an incisive analysis of the ills of the round, with particular attention directed at the poorest and least developed countries, the book expands on how the round could be moved forward elaborating on the Statement on the Doha Development Agenda that was negotiated in Johannesburg. The work as a whole provides the reader with a critical analysis of the implications of the negotiations for development and poverty reduction as well as proposals for moving beyond the current impasse. The volume brings together contributions from serving and former ambassadors to the WTO, key practitioners, and civil society representatives along with those of leading scholars. Each chapter explores an area of critical importance to the round; and together they stand as an important contribution to debates not only about the Doha round but also about the role of trade in the amelioration of poverty in the poorest countries.

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  • Farrell, J.E., The Interface of International Trade Law and Taxation: Defining the Role of the WTO, Amsterdam, IBFD, 2013.

    Farrell, J.E., The Interface of International Trade Law and Taxation : Defining the Role of the WTO, Amsterdam, IBFD, 2013.
    This book explores the ill-defined and oft-underestimated relationship between the World Trade Organization (WTO) and taxation. By adopting a two-pronged approach, the relationship is examined in terms of the extent to which the WTO legal framework exerts influence upon domestic tax law and international tax policy, and whether it is appropriate for the WTO to play a regulatory role in the field of taxation.
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Database

Blogs

  • 400th Trade Dispute for World Trade Organization (WTO)

    On 1 January 2010 the World Trade Organization (WTO) will celebrate its 15th birthday. Shortly before the anniversary the 7th Session of the WTO Ministerial Conference will take place for the second time in Geneva, Switzerland, from 30 November to 2 December 2009. Trade ministers will be discussing the general theme “The WTO, the Multilateral Trading System and the Current Global Economic Environment”.

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  • WTO launches new database on regional trade agreements

    On 14 january 2009 the database was launched and can be accessed in English, French and Spanish. The database can be searched by country, region, legal provision, date of notification or entry into force of the RTA. Summary tables of all RTAs currently in force, containing various types of information, can be easily exported by users of the database.

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