World Trade Organization

Introduction

World Trade Organization - Research Guide International Law

The birth of the World Trade Organization (WTO) marked the end of an era in which international trade was governed by the 1947 General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT 1947). With the refusal of the United States Congress to ratify the Charter of the International Trade Organization (Havana Charter) GATT 1947 was the only means left for the regulation of international trade relations. It was originally conceived as a provisional multilateral agreement for tariff reduction without any reference to a specific institutional umbrella. In spite of its many shortcomings, GATT 1947 gradually evolved into a de facto international organization which helped establish a strong and prosperous multilateral trading system through many rounds of trade negotiations. Although GATT 1947 is now reduced to its original status as a multilateral agreement, its history of decisions, procedures and customary practices still form an important element for the interpretation and understanding of the WTO and its provisions. The World Trade Organization is the only global international organization dealing with the rules of trade between nations. At its heart are the WTO agreements, negotiated and signed by the bulk of the world’s trading nations and ratified in their parliaments. The goal is to help producers of goods and services, exporters, and importers conduct their business.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on the World Trade Organization. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library's classification index code 140a. GATT/WTO and subject heading (keyword) World Trade Organization are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

New titles


1. WTO dispute settlement understanding and development
WTO dispute settlement understanding and development / by Mervyn Martin. - Leiden ; Boston : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2013. - XVIII, 343 pages. : illustrations. - (Nijhoff international trade law series ; volume 13) Description based upon print version of record. - Bibliography: page 325-339. - Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, International trade, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Globalization, E-books,

2. Accounting for Taste
Accounting for Taste : Trade Law Implications of Taxing Meat to Fight Climate Change / Marya Torrez In: The Georgetown International Environmental Law Review = ISSN 1042-1858: vol. 27, issue 1, page 61-89. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Climate change, Environmental protection, Consumers, Agriculture, Animals, International trade,

3. Targeting Compliance: Prospective Remedies in International Law
Targeting Compliance: Prospective Remedies in International Law / Geraldo Vidigal In: Journal of International Dispute Settlement = ISSN 2040-3585: vol. 6, issue 3, page 462-484. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, International courts, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Decisions, Compliance, Countermeasures, International Court of Justice,

4. On Climate Migration and International Trade
On Climate Migration and International Trade / Leal-Arcas, Rafael In: Vienna Online Journal on International Constitutional Law = ISSN 1995-5855: vol. 6, issue 3-4, page 410-440. - 2012
Keywords: World Trade Organization, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (New York, 9 May 1992), Environmental refugees, Climate change, Forced migration, International trade, International environmental law,

5. Sustainable Development is Emerging as a Core Tenet of WTO Case Law. To What Extent has it Helped Enshrine this as a Legal Concept?
Sustainable Development is Emerging as a Core Tenet of WTO Case Law. To What Extent has it Helped Enshrine this as a Legal Concept? / Marijke Schurmans In: European Energy and Environmental Law Review = ISSN 1879-3886: vol. 24, issue 2, page 28–34. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Sustainable development, Legal concept, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Case-law, International trade,

6. Natural Resources and Global Value Chains: What Role for the WTO?
Natural Resources and Global Value Chains: What Role for the WTO? / Fiona Smith In: International Journal of Law in Context = ISSN 1744-5523: vol. 11, issue 2, page 135-152. - 2015
Keywords: Natural resources, World Trade Organization, Exploitation, Sustainable development, International trade, Multinational enterprises,

7. Environmental Protection in the EU and the WTO: Is Article XX GATT in its Present Interpretation Consistent with the Current Standard of Environmental Protection of the EU?
Environmental Protection in the EU and the WTO: Is Article XX GATT in its Present Interpretation Consistent with the Current Standard of Environmental Protection of the EU? / Antonia Walter In: European Energy and Environmental Law Review = ISSN 1879-3886: vol. 23, issue 1, page 2–20. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, World Trade Organization, Environmental policy, Environmental protection, Multilateral environmental agreements, European environmental law, International trade, Case-law,

8. The International Biosafety Regime and the World Trade System after Ten Years of the Cartagena Protocol
The International Biosafety Regime and the World Trade System after Ten Years of the Cartagena Protocol / Juan-Francisco Escudero Espinosa In: European Energy and Environmental Law Review = ISSN 1879-3886: vol. 23, issue 4, page 127–142. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity (Cartagena, 29 January 2000), Biosafety, International trade, Multilateral environmental agreements, Genetically modified organisms, International dispute settlement, Cases,

9. China in the WTO Dispute Settlement: A Memoir
China in the WTO Dispute Settlement: A Memoir / Yang Guohua In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 1, page 1–18. - 2015
Keywords: China, World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Judicial settlement of international disputes, International trade,

10. Domestic Tobacco Regulation and International Law: The Interaction of Trade Agreements and the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
Domestic Tobacco Regulation and International Law: The Interaction of Trade Agreements and the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control / Simon Lester In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 1, page 19–47. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Tobacco, Health, Trade relations, International trade, International law and domestic law, Interpretation,

11. State Responsibility and Government-Affiliated Entities in International Economic Law: The Danger of Blurring the Chinese Wall between ‘State Organ’ and ‘Non-State Organ’ as Designed in the ILC Draft Articles
State Responsibility and Government-Affiliated Entities in International Economic Law: The Danger of Blurring the Chinese Wall between ‘State Organ’ and ‘Non-State Organ’ as Designed in the ILC Draft Articles / Jaemin Lee In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 1, page 117–151. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, International Law Commission, State responsibility, Public institutions, International trade, International economic law,

12. The Relationship between the MFN Principle and Anti-Dumping Norms of the WTO Law Revisited
The Relationship between the MFN Principle and Anti-Dumping Norms of the WTO Law Revisited / Yury Rovnov In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 1, page 173–197. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Most-favoured-nation clause, Anti-dumping, Equality, Norms, International trade,

13. Dial PTAs for Peace: The Influence of Preferential Trade Agreements on Litigation between Trading Partners
Dial PTAs for Peace: The Influence of Preferential Trade Agreements on Litigation between Trading Partners / Petros C. Mavroidis, André Sapir In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 3, page 351–372. - 2015
Keywords: United States of America, European Union, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, World Trade Organization, North American Free Trade Agreement, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Preferential tariffs, Trade relations, International trade,

14. Which Future for Competition in the Global Trade System: Competition Chapters in FTAs
Which Future for Competition in the Global Trade System: Competition Chapters in FTAs / Valerie Demedts In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 3, page 407–436. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, European Union, Free trade agreements, Competition, Trade relations, International trade, Globalization,

15. Clearing the Smoke: The Legitimation of Judicial Power at the WTO
Clearing the Smoke: The Legitimation of Judicial Power at the WTO / Sivan Shlomo-Agon In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 4, page 539–589. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Legitimacy, Technical barriers, Cases, International trade,

16. Constraints of the WTO Compensation Mechanism and Implications from Recent Practice
Constraints of the WTO Compensation Mechanism and Implications from Recent Practice / Xiaoling Li, Yusong Chen In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 4, page 643–663. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Compensation for damage, Most-favoured-nation clause, International trade,

17. Tobacco and International Trade: Recent Activities of the FCTC Conference of the Parties
Tobacco and International Trade: Recent Activities of the FCTC Conference of the Parties / Lukasz Gruszczynski In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 4, page 665–684. - 2015
Keywords: Tobacco, Conventions, Member states, International trade, Health, World Trade Organization, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Preferential tariffs,

18. Black Cat, White Cat: The Identity of the WTO Judges
Black Cat, White Cat: The Identity of the WTO Judges / Louise Johannesson, Petros C. Mavroidis In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 4, page 685–698. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Judges, Judicial settlement of international disputes, International trade,

19. Blurred Lines: Reading TRIPS with GATT Glasses
Blurred Lines: Reading TRIPS with GATT Glasses / Matthew Kennedy In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 5, page 735–755. - 2015
Keywords: United States of America, World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, TRIPS Agreement (Marrakesh, 15 April 1994), General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, World Intellectual Property Organization, Intellectual property, Interpretation, International trade,

20. International Trade Law Challenges by Subsidies for Renewable Energy
International Trade Law Challenges by Subsidies for Renewable Energy / Rolf H. Weber, Rika Koch In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 5, page 757–780. - 2015
Keywords: Canada, World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, Renewable energy resources, Subsidies and countervailing measures, Competition, International trade,

21. For Whom the Bell Tolls: The EU ETS in Aviation under the TBT Agreement
For Whom the Bell Tolls: The EU ETS in Aviation under the TBT Agreement / Soledad R. Sánchez-Tabernero In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 5, page 781–804. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, Aviation, Emissions, Tradable emission permits, Trade barriers, Technical barriers, International trade, Community law and international law,

22. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues for the Customs Union of Russian Federation, Belarus and Kazakhstan in Relation to Trade with Other CIS Countries and the EU, with Special Reference to Food of Non-animal Origin and Phytosanitary Controls
Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues for the Customs Union of Russian Federation, Belarus and Kazakhstan in Relation to Trade with Other CIS Countries and the EU, with Special Reference to Food of Non-animal Origin and Phytosanitary Controls / Robert Black, Irina Kireeva In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 5, page 781–804. - 2015
Keywords: Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Eurasian Economic Community, World Trade Organization, Sanitary and phytosanitary measures, Exportation and importation, Compliance, Third states, International trade,

23. Impact of the WTO on China’s Rule of Law in Trade: Twentieth Anniversary of the WTO
Impact of the WTO on China’s Rule of Law in Trade: Twentieth Anniversary of the WTO / Liao Li, Yu Minyou In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 5, page 837–872. - 2015
Keywords: China, World Trade Organization, International trade, International law and domestic law, Rule of law, Economic law,

24. The Economic Sanctions over the Ukraine Conflict and the WTO: ‘Catch-XXI’ and the Revival of the Debate on Security Exceptions
The Economic Sanctions over the Ukraine Conflict and the WTO: ‘Catch-XXI’ and the Revival of the Debate on Security Exceptions / Rostam J. Neuwirth, Alexandr Svetlicinii In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 5, page 891–914. - 2015
Keywords: United States of America, Russian Federation, European Union, World Trade Organization, Economic sanctions, International trade, Judicial settlement of international disputes, National security exceptions,

25. WTO and Renewable Energy: Lessons from the Case Law
WTO and Renewable Energy: Lessons from the Case Law / Paolo Davide Farah, Elena Cima In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 6, page 1103–1116. - 2015
Keywords: Canada, World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Renewable energy resources, Subsidies and countervailing measures, International trade, Case-law,

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Leading articles

Documents

 

Relevant Legal Texts:

Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

New titles


1. WTO dispute settlement understanding and development
WTO dispute settlement understanding and development / by Mervyn Martin. - Leiden ; Boston : Martinus Nijhoff Publishers, 2013. - XVIII, 343 pages. : illustrations. - (Nijhoff international trade law series ; volume 13) Description based upon print version of record. - Bibliography: page 325-339. - Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2013
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, International trade, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Globalization, E-books,

2. Accounting for Taste
Accounting for Taste : Trade Law Implications of Taxing Meat to Fight Climate Change / Marya Torrez In: The Georgetown International Environmental Law Review = ISSN 1042-1858: vol. 27, issue 1, page 61-89. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Climate change, Environmental protection, Consumers, Agriculture, Animals, International trade,

3. Targeting Compliance: Prospective Remedies in International Law
Targeting Compliance: Prospective Remedies in International Law / Geraldo Vidigal In: Journal of International Dispute Settlement = ISSN 2040-3585: vol. 6, issue 3, page 462-484. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, International courts, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Decisions, Compliance, Countermeasures, International Court of Justice,

4. On Climate Migration and International Trade
On Climate Migration and International Trade / Leal-Arcas, Rafael In: Vienna Online Journal on International Constitutional Law = ISSN 1995-5855: vol. 6, issue 3-4, page 410-440. - 2012
Keywords: World Trade Organization, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (New York, 9 May 1992), Environmental refugees, Climate change, Forced migration, International trade, International environmental law,

5. Sustainable Development is Emerging as a Core Tenet of WTO Case Law. To What Extent has it Helped Enshrine this as a Legal Concept?
Sustainable Development is Emerging as a Core Tenet of WTO Case Law. To What Extent has it Helped Enshrine this as a Legal Concept? / Marijke Schurmans In: European Energy and Environmental Law Review = ISSN 1879-3886: vol. 24, issue 2, page 28–34. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Sustainable development, Legal concept, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Case-law, International trade,

6. Natural Resources and Global Value Chains: What Role for the WTO?
Natural Resources and Global Value Chains: What Role for the WTO? / Fiona Smith In: International Journal of Law in Context = ISSN 1744-5523: vol. 11, issue 2, page 135-152. - 2015
Keywords: Natural resources, World Trade Organization, Exploitation, Sustainable development, International trade, Multinational enterprises,

7. Environmental Protection in the EU and the WTO: Is Article XX GATT in its Present Interpretation Consistent with the Current Standard of Environmental Protection of the EU?
Environmental Protection in the EU and the WTO: Is Article XX GATT in its Present Interpretation Consistent with the Current Standard of Environmental Protection of the EU? / Antonia Walter In: European Energy and Environmental Law Review = ISSN 1879-3886: vol. 23, issue 1, page 2–20. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, World Trade Organization, Environmental policy, Environmental protection, Multilateral environmental agreements, European environmental law, International trade, Case-law,

8. The International Biosafety Regime and the World Trade System after Ten Years of the Cartagena Protocol
The International Biosafety Regime and the World Trade System after Ten Years of the Cartagena Protocol / Juan-Francisco Escudero Espinosa In: European Energy and Environmental Law Review = ISSN 1879-3886: vol. 23, issue 4, page 127–142. - 2014
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity (Cartagena, 29 January 2000), Biosafety, International trade, Multilateral environmental agreements, Genetically modified organisms, International dispute settlement, Cases,

9. China in the WTO Dispute Settlement: A Memoir
China in the WTO Dispute Settlement: A Memoir / Yang Guohua In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 1, page 1–18. - 2015
Keywords: China, World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Judicial settlement of international disputes, International trade,

10. Domestic Tobacco Regulation and International Law: The Interaction of Trade Agreements and the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control
Domestic Tobacco Regulation and International Law: The Interaction of Trade Agreements and the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control / Simon Lester In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 1, page 19–47. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Tobacco, Health, Trade relations, International trade, International law and domestic law, Interpretation,

11. State Responsibility and Government-Affiliated Entities in International Economic Law: The Danger of Blurring the Chinese Wall between ‘State Organ’ and ‘Non-State Organ’ as Designed in the ILC Draft Articles
State Responsibility and Government-Affiliated Entities in International Economic Law: The Danger of Blurring the Chinese Wall between ‘State Organ’ and ‘Non-State Organ’ as Designed in the ILC Draft Articles / Jaemin Lee In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 1, page 117–151. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, International Law Commission, State responsibility, Public institutions, International trade, International economic law,

12. The Relationship between the MFN Principle and Anti-Dumping Norms of the WTO Law Revisited
The Relationship between the MFN Principle and Anti-Dumping Norms of the WTO Law Revisited / Yury Rovnov In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 1, page 173–197. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Most-favoured-nation clause, Anti-dumping, Equality, Norms, International trade,

13. Dial PTAs for Peace: The Influence of Preferential Trade Agreements on Litigation between Trading Partners
Dial PTAs for Peace: The Influence of Preferential Trade Agreements on Litigation between Trading Partners / Petros C. Mavroidis, André Sapir In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 3, page 351–372. - 2015
Keywords: United States of America, European Union, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, World Trade Organization, North American Free Trade Agreement, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Preferential tariffs, Trade relations, International trade,

14. Which Future for Competition in the Global Trade System: Competition Chapters in FTAs
Which Future for Competition in the Global Trade System: Competition Chapters in FTAs / Valerie Demedts In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 3, page 407–436. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, European Union, Free trade agreements, Competition, Trade relations, International trade, Globalization,

15. Clearing the Smoke: The Legitimation of Judicial Power at the WTO
Clearing the Smoke: The Legitimation of Judicial Power at the WTO / Sivan Shlomo-Agon In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 4, page 539–589. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Legitimacy, Technical barriers, Cases, International trade,

16. Constraints of the WTO Compensation Mechanism and Implications from Recent Practice
Constraints of the WTO Compensation Mechanism and Implications from Recent Practice / Xiaoling Li, Yusong Chen In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 4, page 643–663. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Compensation for damage, Most-favoured-nation clause, International trade,

17. Tobacco and International Trade: Recent Activities of the FCTC Conference of the Parties
Tobacco and International Trade: Recent Activities of the FCTC Conference of the Parties / Lukasz Gruszczynski In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 4, page 665–684. - 2015
Keywords: Tobacco, Conventions, Member states, International trade, Health, World Trade Organization, Judicial settlement of international disputes, Preferential tariffs,

18. Black Cat, White Cat: The Identity of the WTO Judges
Black Cat, White Cat: The Identity of the WTO Judges / Louise Johannesson, Petros C. Mavroidis In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 4, page 685–698. - 2015
Keywords: World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Judges, Judicial settlement of international disputes, International trade,

19. Blurred Lines: Reading TRIPS with GATT Glasses
Blurred Lines: Reading TRIPS with GATT Glasses / Matthew Kennedy In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 5, page 735–755. - 2015
Keywords: United States of America, World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, TRIPS Agreement (Marrakesh, 15 April 1994), General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, World Intellectual Property Organization, Intellectual property, Interpretation, International trade,

20. International Trade Law Challenges by Subsidies for Renewable Energy
International Trade Law Challenges by Subsidies for Renewable Energy / Rolf H. Weber, Rika Koch In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 5, page 757–780. - 2015
Keywords: Canada, World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, Renewable energy resources, Subsidies and countervailing measures, Competition, International trade,

21. For Whom the Bell Tolls: The EU ETS in Aviation under the TBT Agreement
For Whom the Bell Tolls: The EU ETS in Aviation under the TBT Agreement / Soledad R. Sánchez-Tabernero In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 5, page 781–804. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, WTO Appellate Body, Aviation, Emissions, Tradable emission permits, Trade barriers, Technical barriers, International trade, Community law and international law,

22. Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues for the Customs Union of Russian Federation, Belarus and Kazakhstan in Relation to Trade with Other CIS Countries and the EU, with Special Reference to Food of Non-animal Origin and Phytosanitary Controls
Sanitary and Phytosanitary Issues for the Customs Union of Russian Federation, Belarus and Kazakhstan in Relation to Trade with Other CIS Countries and the EU, with Special Reference to Food of Non-animal Origin and Phytosanitary Controls / Robert Black, Irina Kireeva In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 5, page 781–804. - 2015
Keywords: Russian Federation, Belarus, Kazakhstan, Eurasian Economic Community, World Trade Organization, Sanitary and phytosanitary measures, Exportation and importation, Compliance, Third states, International trade,

23. Impact of the WTO on China’s Rule of Law in Trade: Twentieth Anniversary of the WTO
Impact of the WTO on China’s Rule of Law in Trade: Twentieth Anniversary of the WTO / Liao Li, Yu Minyou In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 5, page 837–872. - 2015
Keywords: China, World Trade Organization, International trade, International law and domestic law, Rule of law, Economic law,

24. The Economic Sanctions over the Ukraine Conflict and the WTO: ‘Catch-XXI’ and the Revival of the Debate on Security Exceptions
The Economic Sanctions over the Ukraine Conflict and the WTO: ‘Catch-XXI’ and the Revival of the Debate on Security Exceptions / Rostam J. Neuwirth, Alexandr Svetlicinii In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 5, page 891–914. - 2015
Keywords: United States of America, Russian Federation, European Union, World Trade Organization, Economic sanctions, International trade, Judicial settlement of international disputes, National security exceptions,

25. WTO and Renewable Energy: Lessons from the Case Law
WTO and Renewable Energy: Lessons from the Case Law / Paolo Davide Farah, Elena Cima In: Journal of World Trade = ISSN 2210-2795: vol. 49, issue 6, page 1103–1116. - 2015
Keywords: Canada, World Trade Organization, General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade, Renewable energy resources, Subsidies and countervailing measures, International trade, Case-law,

Librarian's choice

  • Desierto, D.A., Public Policy in International Economic Law: the ICESCR in Trade, Finance and Investment, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015.

    Desierto, D.A., Public Policy in International Economic Law: the ICESCR in Trade, Finance and Investment, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015.

    States rejected inequality when they chose to ratify the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), but to date the ICESCR has not yet figured prominently in the policy calculus behind States’ international economic decisions. This book responds to the modern challenge of operationalizing the ICESCR in State decision-making in international trade, finance, and investment systems. Differentiating between public policy mechanisms and institutional mandates within international trade, finance, and investment, this book shows legal and policy gateways for States to feasibly translate their fundamental duties to respect, protect, and fulfill economic, social, and cultural rights into their trade, finance, and investment commitments, agreements, and contracts. (...) This book explicates the argument that States’ ICESCR commitments operate as the normative foundation of their trade, finance, and investment decisions.

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  • Charnovitz, S. The Path of World Trade Law in the 21st Century, Singapore, World Scientific Publishing, 2015.

    Charnovitz, S. The Path of World Trade Law in the 21st Century, Singapore, World Scientific Publishing, 2015.

    The advent of the World Trade Organization (WTO) in 1995 transformed international economic law for states, enterprises, and nongovernmental organizations. This book analyzes how the WTO is changing the path of international trade law and examines the implications of these trends for the world economy and the global environment. Containing 18 essays published from 1999 to 2011, the book illuminates several of the most complex issues in contemporary trade policy. Among the topics covered are: Is there a normative theory of the WTO's purpose? Can constitutional theory provide guidance to keep the WTO's levers in balance? Should the WTO use trade sanctions for enforcement? What can the WTO do to enhance sustainable development and job creation?

    Charnovitz, 2015
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  • Qureshi, A.H., Interpreting WTO Agreements: Problems and Perspectives, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015.

    Qureshi, A.H. Interpreting WTO Agreements, Problems and Perspectives, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015

    This book was first published in 2006. The case law of the World Trade Organization is now extensive, running into over one hundred cases and thousands of pages. The interpretative process involved in this jurisprudence constitutes a form of legislative activity, and is therefore of great significance not only to the parties to disputes, but to the membership of the WTO. Qureshi sets out here to identify some of the underlying problems of interpreting WTO agreements, within the context of different issues, problems, objectives and disciplines, and to comprehensively examine the underlying conditions for the interpretation of WTO agreements. He focuses on: the apparatus of interpretation in the WTO; the manner of interpreting institutional norms, national measures, and exceptions; the manner of facilitating the development objective; the manner of reconciling conflicting norms through interpretation; and finally the manner of interpreting the trade remedies agreements. Various perspectives on interpretation are proffered, particularly that of justice and development.

     

    Qureshi, A.H., 2015
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  • Struck, C., Product Regulations and Standards in WTO Law, Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer Law International, 2014.

    Struck, C., Product Regulations and Standards in WTO Law, Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer Law International, 2014.

    The interrelation of products, the human body, and the environment presents a fundamental challenge to the international trade regulatory system. In an ever more integrated global market, biotechnology, nanotechnology, and other increasingly prevalent methods of processing food and pharmaceuticals give rise not only to trade issues, but also to health, safety, and security concerns. Product-related cross-border issues such as the spread of disease, the use of riskrelevant substances or components, and safety-related construction issues are increasingly on the agenda for governments and international organizations. A promising response to this challenge – presented in this book – is offered by a harmonization of the multiplicity of rules, standards, guidelines, and recommendations that characterizes the current system of international trade regulation. Based primarily on the author’s thorough research on the rules on harmonization within the World Trade Organization (WTO) Agreements on the Application of Sanitary and Phytosanitary Measures (SPS Agreement) and on Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT Agreement), this book sets forth a workable scheme for the harmonization of public and private regulations and standards – a scheme that, the author shows, is sure to be helpful in reducing non-tariff barriers and achieving further integration of international markets.

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  • Gantz, D.A., Liberalizing International Trade after Doha: Multilateral, Plurilateral, Regional and Unilateral Initiatives, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    Gantz, D.A., Liberalizing International Trade after Doha, Multilateral, Plurilateral, Regional and Unilateral Initiatives, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    After ten years the Doha Development Round is effectively dead. A broadly comprehensive round of trade negotiations reminiscent of the Doha agenda or the Uruguay Round will not likely be attempted again in the foreseeable future. Although some have suggested that Doha's demise threatens the continued existence of the GATT/WTO system, even with some risks of increasing protectionism, the United States, the European Union, Japan, Brazil, China, and India, among others, have far too much to lose to make abandoning the WTO a rational option. If there is reason for cautious optimism post-Doha it is because there are alternatives to a comprehensive package of new or amended multilateral agreements. In addition to likely consensus on a few noncontroversial multilateral elements of Doha, the alternatives include existing and future “plurilateral” trade agreements, new or revised regional trade agreements covering both goods and services, and liberalized national trade laws and regulations in the WTO member nations. This book discusses the alternatives, which although less than ideal, may provide an impetus for continuing trade liberalization both among willing members and in some instances worldwide.

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  • VanGrasstek, C., The History and Future of the World Trade Organization, Geneva, World Trade Organization, 2013.

    Vangrasstek, C., The History and Future of the World Trade Organization, Geneva, World Trade Organization, 2013.

    This volume offers a comprehensive account of the establishment of the World Trade Organization. It focuses on those who shaped its creation as well as those who have influenced its evolution. The book examines trade negotiations, the WTO dispute settlement role, and the presence of coalitions and groupings within the WTO. It also examines the process of joining the organization, as well as many other topics including what lies ahead for the organization.

     

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  • Watson, J.K.R, The WTO and the Environment: Development of Competence beyond Trade, London, Routledge, 2013.

    Watson, J.K.R, The WTO and the Environment: Development of Competence beyond Trade, London, Routledge, 2013.

    This book is a review of the development of the WTO dispute resolution procedure and the power and influence it has gained over the practises of the member countries as well as in other international treaties. The book addresses the development of environmental competency in the WTO and examines the arguments of those who oppose WTO rule making with impacts on the environment. The WTO’s interactions with multilateral environmental agreements are considered and recent WTO cases including the 2011 US/Mexico tuna dispute and the US sea turtles decision are analysed in detail. In examining how an international organisation which was established with a specific purpose in mind has come to interact in fields beyond its original remit, James Watson demonstrates how the dispute resolution system at the WTO has come to work in a judicialised manner, operating with an informal system of precedent. This has led to the contracting parties placing more reliance on the decisions of the dispute panels and appeal body when considering policy options, with WTO rulings increasingly influencing the behaviour of national legislatures in regard to the environment. The book goes on to make concrete recommendations, based on existing practise in the WTO dispute resolution procedure, which could enhance decision making in environmental cases heard by the WTO. The book argues that this could be achieved with straightforward amendments to the WTO, based on existing practices endorsed under the WTO for other policy considerations. The WTO and the Environment will be of particular interest to academics and students of International and Environmental law.

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  • Wilkinson, R. and J. Scott (eds.), Trade, Poverty, Development: Getting beyond the WTO's Doha Deadlock, London, Routledge, 2013.

    Wilkinson, R. and J. Scott (eds.), Trade, Poverty, Development: Getting beyond the WTO's Doha Deadlock, London, Routledge, 2013.

    This work seeks to look beyond the seemingly endless deadlock in the WTO's Doha round of trade negotiations that began in November 2001 and were first scheduled to conclude by January 1, 2005. As well as offering an incisive analysis of the ills of the round, with particular attention directed at the poorest and least developed countries, the book expands on how the round could be moved forward elaborating on the Statement on the Doha Development Agenda that was negotiated in Johannesburg. The work as a whole provides the reader with a critical analysis of the implications of the negotiations for development and poverty reduction as well as proposals for moving beyond the current impasse. The volume brings together contributions from serving and former ambassadors to the WTO, key practitioners, and civil society representatives along with those of leading scholars. Each chapter explores an area of critical importance to the round; and together they stand as an important contribution to debates not only about the Doha round but also about the role of trade in the amelioration of poverty in the poorest countries.

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  • Farrell, J.E., The Interface of International Trade Law and Taxation: Defining the Role of the WTO, Amsterdam, IBFD, 2013.

    Farrell, J.E., The Interface of International Trade Law and Taxation : Defining the Role of the WTO, Amsterdam, IBFD, 2013.
    This book explores the ill-defined and oft-underestimated relationship between the World Trade Organization (WTO) and taxation. By adopting a two-pronged approach, the relationship is examined in terms of the extent to which the WTO legal framework exerts influence upon domestic tax law and international tax policy, and whether it is appropriate for the WTO to play a regulatory role in the field of taxation.
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Database

Blogs

  • 400th Trade Dispute for World Trade Organization (WTO)

    On 1 January 2010 the World Trade Organization (WTO) will celebrate its 15th birthday. Shortly before the anniversary the 7th Session of the WTO Ministerial Conference will take place for the second time in Geneva, Switzerland, from 30 November to 2 December 2009. Trade ministers will be discussing the general theme “The WTO, the Multilateral Trading System and the Current Global Economic Environment”.

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  • WTO launches new database on regional trade agreements

    On 14 january 2009 the database was launched and can be accessed in English, French and Spanish. The database can be searched by country, region, legal provision, date of notification or entry into force of the RTA. Summary tables of all RTAs currently in force, containing various types of information, can be easily exported by users of the database.

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See also

More Research guides on Economic and Financial Law

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