Refugees

Introduction

Refugees - Research Guide International Law

The United Nations Convention relating to the Status of Refugees of 1951 and its 1967 Protocol defines a refugee as someone who, ‘owing to a well-founded fear of being persecuted for reasons of race, religion, nationality, membership of a particular social group, or political opinion, is outside the country of his nationality, and is unable to or, owing to such fear, is unwilling to avail himself of the protection of that country’. The definition of a refugee was expanded by regional conventions in Africa and Latin America to include persons who had fled war or other violence in their home country. It is important to note that article 33 of the Convention provides for the principle of non-refoulement which means that no contracting state shall expel or return (refouler) a refugee in any manner whatsoever to territories where his or her life or freedom would be threatened. Those who seek refugee status are referred to as “asylum seekers”; the conditions under which a person is granted refugee status is left to the discretion of States. The office of the United Nations High Commissioner (UNHCR) for Refugees is the principal UN organ that protects and supports refugees. Over time, UNHCR’s mandate has been expanded to cover other persons of concern, including some internally displaced persons.  The UNHCR assists refugees in their resettlement or return and finds other solutions to their plight. On an international level, debates continue regarding the nature of the protection that refugees should be granted, the obligations of receiving countries and the role of the international community towards refugees.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on Refugees. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. See the Librarians Choice for the latest important publications on refugees and internally displaced persons. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index code (systematic code) 160c. Other Administrative, Social and Humanitarian Questions (Refugees, etc.) and subject headings (keywords) Refugees or Displaced Persons are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Other systematic codes which may be helpful are 53a6a. (European Union immigration issues),  100 (Emigration and immigration in general), 101. (Emigration and immigration in the various states), 103. (Expulsion) and 253. (Asylum). Other keywords which may be helpful: Emigration and Immigration, Asylum, Right of Asylum, Convention relating to the Status of RefugeesUNHCR, and Non-Refoulement. Special attention in the Research Guide is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

Bibliography

Reference works

 Recent books/papers

Leading articles

Documents

Periodicals, serial publications

 

Bibliography

 

New titles


1. Refuge from Inhumanity?
Refuge from Inhumanity? : Canvassing the Issues / Jean-François Durieux and David James Cantor. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 3-35 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 3-35. - 2014
Keywords: Armed conflicts, Refugees, Legal status, Right of asylum, International humanitarian law,

2. The "War Flaw" and Why it Matters
The "War Flaw" and Why it Matters / Hugo Storey. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 39-56 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 39-56. - 2014
Keywords: Armed conflicts, Refugees, Human rights, International humanitarian law,

3. Causation in International Protection from Armed Conflict
Causation in International Protection from Armed Conflict / Hélène Lambert. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 57-78 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 57-78. - 2014
Keywords: Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (Geneva, 28 July 1951), Armed conflicts, Refugees, International protection,

4. Expanding Refugee Protection through International Humanitarian Law
Expanding Refugee Protection through International Humanitarian Law : Driving on a Highway or Walking near the Edge of the Abyss? / Stéphane Jaquemet. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 79-98 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 79-98. - 2014
Keywords: Armed conflicts, Refugees, International protection, Human rights, International humanitarian law,

5. Persecution and the Nexus to a Refugee Convention Ground in Non-Interrnational Armed Conflict
Persecution and the Nexus to a Refugee Convention Ground in Non-Interrnational Armed Conflict : Insights from Customary International Humanitarian Law / Vanessa Holzer. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 101-127 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 101-127. - 2014
Keywords: Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (Geneva, 28 July 1951), Refugees, Persecution, Non-international armed conflicts, International humanitarian law, Customary international law,

6. Inclusion of Refugees from Armed Conflict
Inclusion of Refugees from Armed Conflict : Combattants and Ex-Combattants / Eric Fripp. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 128-154 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 128-154. - 2014
Keywords: Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (Geneva, 28 July 1951), Refugees, Combatants and non-combatants, Human rights, International humanitarian law,

7. Exclusion is Not Just about Saying "No"
Exclusion is Not Just about Saying "No" : Taking Exclusion Seriously in Complex Conflicts / Geoff Gilbert. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 155-175 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 155-175. - 2014
Keywords: Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (Geneva, 28 July 1951), Armed conflicts, Refugees, International crimes, International humanitarian law, International criminal law,

8. The African War Refugee
The African War Refugee : Using IHL to Interpret the 1969 African Refugee Convention's Expanded Refugee Definition / Tamara Wood. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 179-203 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 179-203. - 2014
Keywords: Africa, Armed conflicts, Refugees, International humanitarian law,

9. A Simple Solution to War Refugees?
A Simple Solution to War Refugees? : the Latin, American Expanded Definition and its Relationship to IHL / David James Cantor and Diana Trimiño Mora. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 204-224 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 204-224. - 2014
Keywords: Latin America, Armed conflicts, Refugees, International humanitarian law,

10. Revisiting the Civilian and Humanitarian Character of Refugee Camps
Revisiting the Civilian and Humanitarian Character of Refugee Camps / Maja Janmyr. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 225-246 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 225-246. - 2014
Keywords: Refugees, International humanitarian law, Protection, Principles,

11. The (Mis)Use of International Humanitarian Law under Article 15(c) of the EU Qualification Directive
The (Mis)Use of International Humanitarian Law under Article 15(c) of the EU Qualification Directive / Céline Bauloz. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 247-269 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 247-269. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Refugees, Armed conflicts, International protection, International humanitarian law,

12. What Protection for Persons Fleeing Indiscriminate Violence?
What Protection for Persons Fleeing Indiscriminate Violence? : the Impact of the European Courts on the EU Subsidiary Protection Regime / Evangelia Tsourdi. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 270-294 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 270-294. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Court of Human Rights, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Refugees, International protection, Armed conflicts, International humanitarian law,

13. Of Autonomy, Autarky, Purposiveness and Fragmentation
Of Autonomy, Autarky, Purposiveness and Fragmentation : the Relationship between EY Asylum Law and International Humanitarian Law / Violeta Moreno-Lax. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 295-341 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 295-341. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Refugees, Armed conflicts, International protection, International humanitarian law, Community law and international law,

14. Laws of Unintended Consequence?
Laws of Unintended Consequence? : Nationality, Allegiance and the Removal of Refugees during Wartime / David James Cantor. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 345-372 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 345-372. - 2014
Keywords: Armed conflicts, Refugees, Population transfers, International protection, Non-refoulement, International humanitarian law,

15. The Scope of the Obligation Not to Return Fighters under the Law of Armed Conflict
The Scope of the Obligation Not to Return Fighters under the Law of Armed Conflict / Françoise J. Hampson. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 373-385 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 373-385. - 2014
Keywords: Armed conflicts, Population transfers, Freedom of movement, International protection, Non-refoulement, International humanitarian law,

16. Non-Refoulememt between "Common Article 1" and "Common Article 3"
Non-Refoulememt between "Common Article 1" and "Common Article 3" / Reuven (Ruvi) Ziegler. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 386-408 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 386-408. - 2014
Keywords: Armed conflicts, Refugees, International protection, Non-refoulement, International humanitarian law,

17. Protection against the Forced Return of War Refugees
Protection against the Forced Return of War Refugees : an Interdisciplinary Consensus on Humanitarian Non-Refoulement / Jennifer Moore. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 411-432 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 411-432. - 2014
Keywords: Armed conflicts, Civil wars, Refugees, International protection, Non-refoulement, International humanitarian law,

18. Non-Refoulement, Temporary Refuge, and the "New" Asylum Seekers
Non-Refoulement, Temporary Refuge, and the "New" Asylum Seekers / Guy S. Goodwin-Gill. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff. - Page 433-459 In: Refuge from Inhumanity? : War Refugees and International Humanitarian Law / edited by David James Cantor and Jean-François Durieux, ISBN 9789004261587: (2014), Page 433-459. - 2014
Keywords: Armed conflicts, Refugees, Protection, Non-refoulement, International obligations, Customary international law,

19. La migración internacional: Derechos, avances y desafíos
La migración internacional: Derechos, avances y desafíos / Marco Núñez Melgar In: Política internacional : revista de la Academia Diplomática del Peru Javier Pérez de Cuéllar: issue 108, page 99-114. - 2013
Keywords: South America, Migration, Immigration, Illegal immigrants, Human rights, Integration, Development,

20. Starving for Freedom
Starving for Freedom : an Exploration of Australian Government Policies , Human Rights Obligations and Righting the Wrong for Those Seeking Asylum / Tristan G. Creek In: The International Journal of Human Rights = ISSN 1364-2987: vol. 18, issue 4-5, page 479-507. - 2014
Keywords: Australia, Government policy, Human rights, Asylum, Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (Geneva, 28 July 1951), Refugees, Detention, Immigration, Famine, Strikes,

Librarian's choice

These publications are selected for you by .

  • Kneebone, S. D. Stevens and L. Baldassar (eds.), Refugee Protection and the Role of Law: Conflicting Identities, London, Routledge, 2014. Showcase item

    Kneebone, S. D. Stevens and L. Baldassar (eds.), Refugee Protection and the Role of Law: Conflicting Identities, London, Routledge, 2014.

    Sixty years on from the signing of the Refugee Convention, forced migration and refugee movements continue to raise global concerns for hosting states and regions, for countries of origin, for humanitarian organisations on the ground, and, of course, for the refugee. This edited volume is framed around two themes which go to the core of contemporary ‘refugeehood’: protection and identity. It analyses how the issue of refugee identity is shaped by and responds to the legal regime of refugee protection in contemporary times. The book investigates the premise that there is a narrowing of protection space in many countries and many highly visible incidents of refoulement. It argues that ‘Protection’, which is a core focus of the Refugee Convention, appears to be under threat, as there are many gaps and inconsistencies in practice. Contributors to the volume, who include Erika Feller, Elspeth Guild, Hélène Lambert and Roger Zetter, look at the relevant issues from the perspective of a number of different disciplines including law, politics, sociology, and anthropology. The chapters examine the link between identity and protection as a basis for understanding how the Refugee Convention has been and is being applied in policy and practice. The situation in a number of jurisdictions and regions in Europe, North America, South East Asia, Africa and the Middle East is explored in order to ask the question does jurisprudence under the Refugee Convention need better coordination and how successful is oversight of the Convention?

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  • Smyth, C.M., European Asylum Law and the Rights of the Child, London, Routledge, 2014. Showcase item

    Smyth, C.M., European Asylum Law and the Rights of the Child, London, Routledge, 2014.

    The child asylum seeker poses unique challenges for reception and refugee status determination systems, not least because the child is entitled to have his or her rights as a child respected as a matter of international and regional human rights law. In the last decade the European Union has increasingly engaged with children’s rights, with the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty in December 2009, and a new Article 3(3) of the Treaty on European Union that commits the Union to promoting the ‘protection of the rights of the child.’ This book addresses the question of whether the Common European Asylum System (CEAS) complies with the rights of the child. It contrasts the normative standards of international child rights law with the treatment of child asylum seekers and refugees in the CEAS. Ciara Smyth identifies the attributes of the rights of the child that are most relevant to the asylum context and systematically examines whether and to what extent those attributes are reflected in the CEAS legislation. The book goes on to assess whether the CEAS instruments direct Member States to comply with the rights of the child, offering a comprehensive examination of the place of the child within European asylum law and policy. The book will be of great use and interest to scholars and students of international law, immigration and children’s rights studies.

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  • O'Nions, H., Asylum: A Right Denied, Farnham, Ashgate, 2014. Showcase item

    O'Nions, H., Asylum: A Right Denied, Farnham, Ashgate, 2014.

    In recent decades, asylum has emerged as a highly politicized European issue. The term ‘asylum seeker’ has suffered a negative perception and has been associated with notions of illegality and criminality in mainstream media. These misconceptions have been supported by politicians as a distraction from economic and political uncertainties with the result that asylum seekers have been deprived of significant rights. This book examines the effect of recent attempts of harmonization on the identification and protection of refugees. It considers the extent of obligations on the state to admit and protect refugees and examines the 1951 Refugee Convention. The motivations of European legislators and legislation concerning asylum procedures and reception conditions are also analysed. Proposals and initiatives for refugee movements and determinations are examined and assessed. The author makes suggestions for better protection of refugees while responding to the security concerns of States, and questions whether European law and policy is doing enough to uphold the fundamental right to seek and enjoy asylum as set out in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. This book takes a bold look at a controversial issue and generates discussion for those involved in the fields of  human rights, migrational and transnational studies, law and society and international law.

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  • A. Hammerstad, The Rise and Decline of a Global Security Actor: UNHCR, Refugee Protection, and Security, New York, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    A. Hammerstad, The Rise and Decline of a Global Security Actor: UNHCR, Refugee Protection, and Security, New York, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    This book investigates the rise of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) as a global security actor, following the refugee agency through some of the past two decades’ major conflict-induced humanitarian crises and complex emergencies, including Afghanistan, Bosnia, Iraq, Kosovo and eastern Zaire/Congo. It analyses UNHCR’s momentous transformation from a small, timid legal protection agency to the world’s foremost humanitarian actor playing a central role in the international response to the many wars of the tumultuous last decade of the twentieth century. Then, as the twenty-first century set in, the agency’s political prominence waned. It remains a major humanitarian actor, but the polarized post-9/11 period and a worsening protection climate for refugees and asylum seekers spurred UNHCR to abandon its claim to be a global security actor and return to a more modest, quietly diplomatic role. The rise of UNHCR as a global security actor is placed within the context of the dramatic shift in perceptions of national and international security after the end of the Cold War. Prominent among ‘new’ security issues were the perceived threats posed by refugees and asylum seekers to international security, state stability, and societal cohesion. This book investigates UNHCR’s response to this new international environment; adopting, adapting and finally abandoning a security discourse on the refugee problem.

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  • E. Arbel, C. Dauvergne, and J. Millbank (eds.), Gender in Refugee Law: From the Margins to the Centre, London, Routledge, 2014.

    Gender_in_refugee law

    Questions of gender have strongly influenced the development of international refugee law over the last few decades. This volume assesses the progress toward appropriate recognition of gender-related persecution in refugee law. It documents the advances made following intense advocacy around the world in the 1990s, and evaluates the extent to which gender has been successfully integrated into refugee law. Evaluating the research and advocacy agendas for gender in refugee law ten years beyond the 2002 UNHCR Gender Guidelines, the book investigates the current status of gender in refugee law. It examines gender-related persecution claims of both women and men, including those based on sexual orientation and gender identity, and explores how the development of an anti-refugee agenda in many Western states exponentially increases vulnerability for refugees making gendered claims. The volume includes contributions from scholars and members of the advocacy community that allow the book to examine conceptual and doctrinal themes arising at the intersection of gender and refugee law, and specific case studies across major Western refugee-receiving nations. The book will be of great interest and value to researchers and students of asylum and immigration law, international politics, and gender studies.

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  • Höpfner, F.F., L'évolution de la notion de réfugié, Paris, Pedone, 2014.

    Höpfner, F.F., L'évolution de la notion de réfugié, Paris, Pedone, 2014.

    L’intensification des relations entre peuples, sociétés, nations et Etats entraîne une multiplication des champs de tensions potentiels entre ces mêmes acteurs. Le droit international s’avère être un moyen efficace d’apaisement de ces tensions et la multiplication des cadres régulateurs internationaux est la suite logique de cette intensification des relations internationales.

    La Convention de Genève relative au statut des réfugiés répond spécifiquement aux tensions suscitées par les déplacements transfrontières de populations craignant d’être persécutées en cas de retour dans l’Etat d’origine. Dans sa version issue du Protocole de New York relatif au statut des réfugiés, la Convention constitue le seul cadre normatif à portée universelle traitant de ces déplacements humains forcés, mais des efforts régulateurs apparaissent également à l’échelle régionale. L’application aux cas d’espèce des normes régionales soulève la question de l’articulation entre divers ordres juridiques, lorsque plusieurs cadres normatifs ont vocation à régir une situation donnée.

    La recherche de réponses aux conflits de normes et aux divergences d’interprétations donne accès à un vaste champ de thématiques intéressant l’internationaliste. De plus, si l’on choisit une perspective européenne, la situation du réfugié est régie par une variété d’ordres juridiques, partiellement superposés et dotés de mécanismes de contrôle variés. Cela conduit à s’interroger sur l’interaction très mouvementée entre ordres juridiques nationaux, régionaux et universel, l’harmonisation des normes et finalement la cohérence de l’ensemble.

    Le présent ouvrage poursuit ainsi principalement deux objectifs. Le premier – l’objectif principal – est axé sur le droit des réfugiés en particulier et vise à démontrer l’évolution de la notion de réfugié. Le second s’inscrit dans le cadre de l’étude du droit international général et démontre que le droit des réfugiés constitue un exemple particulièrement intéressant de création normative dans l’ordre international, création, pas toujours initiée par les Etats mais par ailleurs extrêmement efficace.

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  • Rubio-Marín, R. (ed.), Human Rights and Immigration, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Rubio-Marín, R. (ed.), Human Rights and Immigration, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Economic interaction has enlarged the international trade in goods and services, but the safe and humane flow of persons across international borders remains a challenge in a State-based model of territorial jurisdictions. Once an immigrant enters a new host country the guarantee of respect for their human rights comes into question. Indeed, the legal and political constructions of inclusion or exclusion of migrants from the political community touch at the very heart of the cosmopolitan spirit of universal human rights.

    This book brings together leading experts in the fields of migration and human rights law to examine central problems in the protection of the human rights of migrants. They explain the theoretical background of present issues in the area including, immigrant integration policies in Europe, the social and labour rights of migrants, the conditions and legal frameworks affecting migrant women, asylum seekers and refugees worldwide among many others. It explains in a clear and critical manner the legal and political implications of migration today in the context of an evolving globalized world.

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  • Chetail, V. and C. Bauloz (eds.), Research Handbook on International Law and Migration, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2014.

    cheail, v. and c. bauloz (eds.), research handbook on international law and migration, cheltenham, elgar, 2014

    Migration is a complex and multifaceted issue, and the current legal framework suffers from considerable ambiguity and lack of cohesive focus. This Handbook offers a comprehensive take on the intersection of law and migration studies and provides strategies for better understanding the potential of international legal norms in regulating migration. Authoritative analyses by the most renowned and knowledgeable experts in the field focus on important migration issues and challenge the current normative framework with new ways of thinking about the topic.

    The book examines the many facets of migration from an international law perspective. Topics discussed include the relationship between migration and state sovereignty, the human rights of migrants, human trafficking, migrant workers, refugees and internal displacement. The expert contributors hail from a number of diverse international law backgrounds (including refugee law, human rights law, humanitarian law, labour law, WTO law and others), allowing them to synthesize many different perspectives and present a comprehensive, cohesive and timely study of a complicated and fractured topic.

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  • Abass, A. and F. Ippolito (eds.), Regional Approaches to the Protection of Asylum Seekers: An International Legal Perspective, Farnham, Ashgate, 2014.

    9781409442974.PPC_regional approaches

    This book presents a comprehensive assessment of regional responses to the crisis in the asylum/refugee system and critically examines how different regions tackle the problem. The chapters consider the fundamental challenges which undermine an effective asylum process as well as regional difficulties with the various circumstances surrounding asylum seekers. With contributions on Africa, Europe, Latin America, South Asia and the Middle East, and the Pacific, the collection strives to appreciate what informs each region’s approach to the asylum process and asks if there are issues common to every region and if regions can learn from one another. The book seeks an understanding of the existing legal regime for the protection of asylum seekers and how regional institutions such as human rights commissions and regional courts enforce and adjudicate the law.

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  • Janmyr, M., Protecting Civilians in Refugee Camps. Unable and Unwilling States, UNHCR and International Responsibility, Leiden, Martinus Nijhoff, 2014.

    Janmyr, M., Protecting Civilians in Refugee Camps. Unable and Unwilling States, UNHCR, International Responsibility, Leiden, Nijhoff, 2014

    Rather than serving as civilian and humanitarian safe havens, refugee camps are notorious for their insecurity. Due to the host state’s inability or unwillingness to provide protection, camps are often administered by the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) and its implementing partners. When a violation occurs in these situations, to which actors shall responsibility be allocated? Through an analysis of the International Law Commission’s work on international responsibility, Maja Janmyr argues that the ‘primary’ responsibility of states does not exclude the responsibilities of other actors. Using the example of Uganda, Janmyr questions the general assumption that ‘unable and unwilling’ is the same as ‘unable or unwilling’, and argues for the necessity of distinguishing between these two scenarios. Doing so leads to different conclusions in terms of responsibility for the state, and therefore for UNHCR and its implementing partners.

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Database

Max Planck Encyclopedia: a comprehensive analytical resource containing articles on the subject of refugees:

Blogs

  • First Global Forum on Statelessness - "New Directions in Statelessness Research and Policy"

    From 15 to 17 September 2014, 3 institutions (the UNHCR, the agency mandated by the General Assembly to help states to address statelessness, and the Statelessness Programme of Tilburg University) co-hosted the first held Global Forum on Statelessness. The three-day event took place in the Academy building of the Peace Palace of The Hague, the Netherlands.

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  • International Refugee Law blog series I: Exclusion of Refugee Status: The Criminal Refugee

    In the western world it is possible you live next to a war criminal, or your child might be playing with the daughter of a war criminal at school. It is also possible to live there without a real prospect of obtaining a form of legal status and without being held criminally responsible for the alleged crime. Who are these people living in legal limbo? why are they still here? The exclusion of refugee status (1F Refugee Convention) and its consequences will be dealt with in this blog.

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Europe

Research and academia

Blogs and commentary on immigration law and immigration issues

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