International Criminal Law

Introduction

International Criminal Law - Research Guide International Law

International criminal law is the part of public international law that deals with the criminal responsibility of individuals for international crimes. There is no generally accepted definition of international crimes. A distinction can be made between international crimes which are based on international customary law and therefore apply universally and crimes resulting from specific treaties which criminalize certain conduct and require the contracting states to implement legislation for the criminal prosecution of this conduct in their domestic legal system. The international core crimes, i.e., crimes over which international tribunals have been given jurisdiction under international law, are: genocide, war crimes, crimes against humanity, and aggression. International criminal law finds its origin in both international law and criminal law and closely relates to other areas of international law. The most important areas are human rights law and international humanitarian law as well as the law on state responsibility. The sources of international criminal law are the same as those of general international law mentioned in article 38(1) of the Statute of the International Court of Justice: treaties, international customary law, general principles of law, judicial decisions and writings of eminent legal scholars. The Nuremberg and Tokyo trials signaled the birth of present-day international criminal law, i.e., the prosecution of individuals for international crimes before international tribunals. In the early nineties of the previous century international criminal law received a major stimulus with the establishment of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda by the United Nations Security Council. Also the creation of various internationalized or mixed criminal courts and the proposals of the International Law Commission, which resulted in the creation of the International Criminal Court in 2002, contributed to the rapid development of international criminal law during the last two decades.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research in the field of International Criminal Law. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index code 248. International Criminal Law ; General Works and subject heading (keyword) International Criminal Law are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Articles

Documents

Periodicals and Serial Publications

Bibliographies

Aspegren, L., International Criminal Law and the Genocide in Rwanda, Raoul Wallenberg Institute for Human Rights and Humanitarian Law (RWI), Lund University, 2013. [PDF]

Add comments -for instance if you think we missed something, or just to express your thoughts- about the bibliography in this research guide:

New titles

The Peace Palace Library has a collection of over a million publications. Each week, about six hundred new titles are added to our collection: books, articles, documents, online publications, etc. On this page, access is provided to this week’s new titles on International criminal law and criminal procedure. It covers a wide variety of topics which include, international crimes: genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes and aggression; international criminal tribunals: Nuremberg and Tokyo International Military Tribunals, International Criminal Court, International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Iraqi Special Tribunal, Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, Special Court for Sierra Leone, Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Other subjects in this section include, among others: child soldiers; women and sex crimes; individual criminal responsibility; Residual mechanism; Rome Statute; superior orders; victims; and universal jurisdiction.


1. Jurisdicción universal sobre crímenes internacionales
Jurisdicción universal sobre crímenes internacionales : su aplicación en España / Jacqueline Hellman. - Granada : Editorial Comares S.L, 2013. - XVII, 245 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Comares monografías) Bibliography: page 241-245. - With notes. - 2013
Keywords: Spain, Judicial organisation, International crimes, Universal jurisdiction, Criminal law,

2. On Victims and Non-Victims: Observations from Rwanda
On Victims and Non-Victims: Observations from Rwanda / Gerd Hankel. - The Hague : Asser Press. - Page 29-43 In: Victims of International Crimes : an Interdisciplinary Discourse / Thorsten Bonacker, Christoph Safferling, editors, ISBN 9789067049115: (2013), Page 29-43. - 2013
Keywords: Rwanda, International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, Traditional courts, Genocide, Victims, Transitional justice, Reconciliation,

3. The Status of Victims under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court
The Status of Victims under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court / Michael J. Kelly. - The Hague : Asser Press. - Page 47-66 In: Victims of International Crimes : an Interdisciplinary Discourse / Thorsten Bonacker, Christoph Safferling, editors, ISBN 9789067049115: (2013), Page 47-66. - 2013
Keywords: International Criminal Court, Rome Statute (Rome, 17 July 1998), Victims, Legal status, International criminal procedure,

4. The Individualising and Universalising Discourse of Law: Victims in Truth Commissions and Trials
The Individualising and Universalising Discourse of Law: Victims in Truth Commissions and Trials / Michael Humphrey. - The Hague : Asser Press. - Page 67-89 In: Victims of International Crimes : an Interdisciplinary Discourse / Thorsten Bonacker, Christoph Safferling, editors, ISBN 9789067049115: (2013), Page 67-89. - 2013
Keywords: Truth and reconciliation commissions, Victims, Human rights, Transitional justice, Prosecution, Reconciliation,

5. Redressing Sexual Violence in Transitional Justice and the labelling of Women as "Victims"
Redressing Sexual Violence in Transitional Justice and the labelling of Women as "Victims" / Susanne Buckley-Zistel. - The Hague : Asser Press. - Page 91-100 In: Victims of International Crimes : an Interdisciplinary Discourse / Thorsten Bonacker, Christoph Safferling, editors, ISBN 9789067049115: (2013), Page 91-100. - 2013
Keywords: Women, War victims, Sex crimes, Gender, Transitional justice,

6. The Protection of Victims in War Crimes Trials
The Protection of Victims in War Crimes Trials / Daniela Kravetz. - The Hague : Asser Press. - Page 149-163 In: Victims of International Crimes : an Interdisciplinary Discourse / Thorsten Bonacker, Christoph Safferling, editors, ISBN 9789067049115: (2013), Page 149-163. - 2013
Keywords: International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia, International crimes, Victims, Testimony, Protection, International criminal procedure,

7. Victims as Witnesses: View from the Defence
Victims as Witnesses: View from the Defence / Natalie von Wistinghausen. - The Hague : Asser Press. - Page 165-173 In: Victims of International Crimes : an Interdisciplinary Discourse / Thorsten Bonacker, Christoph Safferling, editors, ISBN 9789067049115: (2013), Page 165-173. - 2013
Keywords: International Criminal Court, International criminal tribunals, Victims, Testimony, Participation, Accused, International criminal procedure,

8. Participation Rights of Victims as Civil Parties and the Challenges of Their Implementation before the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia
Participation Rights of Victims as Civil Parties and the Challenges of Their Implementation before the Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia / Silke Studzinsky. - The Hague : Asser Press. - Page 175-188 In: Victims of International Crimes : an Interdisciplinary Discourse / Thorsten Bonacker, Christoph Safferling, editors, ISBN 9789067049115: (2013), Page 175-188. - 2013
Keywords: Cambodia, Extraordinary Chambers in the Courts of Cambodia, International crimes, Victims, Participation, Civil justice, Reparation for damage, International criminal procedure,

9. The ICC's Practice on Victim Participation
The ICC's Practice on Victim Participation / Franziska C. Eckelmans. - The Hague : Asser Press. - Page 189-221 In: Victims of International Crimes : an Interdisciplinary Discourse / Thorsten Bonacker, Christoph Safferling, editors, ISBN 9789067049115: (2013), Page 189-221. - 2013
Keywords: International Criminal Court, International crimes, Victims, Testimony, Participation, International criminal procedure,

10. Victims' Rights and Peace
Victims' Rights and Peace / Hans-Peter Kaul. - The Hague : Asser Press. - Page 223-229 In: Victims of International Crimes : an Interdisciplinary Discourse / Thorsten Bonacker, Christoph Safferling, editors, ISBN 9789067049115: (2013), Page 223-229. - 2013
Keywords: International Criminal Court, International crimes, Prevention, Victims, Participation, Intermediary, International criminal procedure,

Librarian's choice

These publications are selected for you by .

  • Zawati, H.M., Fair Labelling and the Dilemma of Prosecuting Gender-Based Crimes at the International Criminal Tribunals, New York, NY, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Zawati, H.M., Fair Labelling and the Dilemma of Prosecuting Gender-Based Crimes at the International Criminal Tribunals, New York, NY, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    This scholarly legal work focuses on the dilemma of prosecuting gender-based crimes under the statutes of the international criminal tribunals with reference to the principle of fair labelling. In this book the author explains how the abstractness and lack of accurate description of gender-based crimes in the statutory laws of the international criminal tribunals and courts infringe the principle of fair labelling, lead to inconsistent verdicts and punishments, and cause inadequate prosecution of these crimes. This inquiry deals with gender-based crimes as a case study, within the legal principle and theoretical framework of fair labelling. Critical and timely, this study contributes to existing scholarship in many different ways. It is the first legal analysis to focus on the dilemma of prosecuting and punishing wartime gender-based crimes in the statutory laws of the international criminal tribunals and the ICC in the context of fair labelling. Moreover, it emphasizes that applying fair labelling to wartime gender-based crimes would enable the tribunals and the ICC to deliver fair judgments, eliminate inconsistent prosecution, overcome shortcomings in addressing gender-based crimes within their jurisprudence, while breaking the cycle of impunity for these crimes

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Bosco, D., Rough Justice : The International Criminal Court in a World of Power Politics, New York, NY, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Bosco, D., Rough Justice : The International Criminal Court in a World of Power Politics, New York, NY, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Ten years ago, in the wake of massive crimes in central Africa and the Balkans, the first permanent international criminal court was established in The Hague despite resistance from some of the world’s most powerful states. In the past decade, the court has grown from a few staff in an empty building to a bustling institution with more than a thousand lawyers, investigators, and administrators from around the world. Despite its growth and the backing of more than 120 nations, the ICC is still struggling to assert itself in often turbulent political crises. The ICC is generally autonomous in its bility to select cases and investigate crimes, but it is ultimately dependent on sovereign states, and particularly on the world’s leading powers. These states can provide the diplomatic, economic, and military clout the court often needs to get cooperation-and to arrest suspects. But states don’t expend precious political capital lightly, and the court has often struggled to get the help it needs. When their interests are most affected, moreover, powerful states usually want the court to keep its distance Directly and indirectly, they make their preferences known in The Hague. Rough Justice graples with the court’s basic dilemma: designed to be apolitical, it requires the support of politicians who pursue national interests and answer to domestic audiences. Through a sharp analysis of the dynamics at work behind the scenes, Bosco assesses the ways in which powerful states have shaped the court’s effort to transform the vision of international justice into reality.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Ambos, K., Treatise on International Criminal Law. Vol. II: The Crimes and Sentencing, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Ambos, K., Treatise on International Criminal Law. Vol. II: The Crimes and Sentencing, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Since the adoption of the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court in 1998, international criminal law has rapidly grown in importance. This three-volume treatise on international criminal law presents a foundational, systematic, consistent, and comprehensive analysis of the field. Taking into account the scholarly literature, not only sources written in English but also in French, German, Italian, Portuguese, and Spanish, the book draws on the author’s extensive academic and practical work in international criminal law. This second volume offers a comprehensive analysis of the core international crimes, namely, genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and aggression. It also assesses relevant treaty crimes. It examines in detail the problem of concours delictorum and the law of sentencing, offering proposals for the development of a more consistent sentencing regime. The full three-volume treatise will address the entirety of international criminal law, re-stating and re-examining the fundamental principles upon which it rests, the manner it is enacted, and the key issues that are shaping its future.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Pocar, F. (et al.) (eds.), War Crimes and the Conduct of Hostilities: Challenges to Adjudication and Investigation, Cheltenham, E. Elgar, 2013. Showcase item

    Pocar, F. (et al.) (eds.), War Crimes and the Conduct of Hostilities: Challenges to Adjudication and Investigation, Cheltenham, E. Elgar, 2013.

    Most charges for war crimes are brought for violations of the rules on the treatment of protected persons in armed conflict situations. However in certain cases, they are brought for serious breach of international humanitarian law rules governing the conduct of hostilities. This book seeks to address this somewhat neglected area of international criminal law. War Crimes and the Conduct of Hostilities identifies the challenges faced by prosecutors, investigators and courts and tribunals in the definition, investigation and adjudication of war crimes, based on violations of the rules of international humanitarian law on the conduct of hostilities. Detailed and topical sections in the book include; violations of the principles of distinction, proportionality and precaution, violations of the rules protecting particular categories of persons, violations of the rules on means of warfare and the special case of terrorism in armed conflicts.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Nouwen, S.M.H., Complementarity in the Line of Fire: The Catalysing Effect of the International Criminal Court in Uganda and Sudan, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013. Showcase item

    Nouwen, S.M.H., Complementarity in the Line of Fire: The Catalysing Effect of the International Criminal Court in Uganda and Sudan, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    Of the many expectations attending the creation of the first permanent International Criminal Court, the greatest has been that the principle of complementarity would catalyse national investigations and prosecutions of conflict-related crimes and lead to the reform of domestic justice systems. The author explores whether complementarity has had such an effect in two states subject to ICC intervention: Uganda and Sudan. Drawing on extensive empirical research and combining law, legal anthropology and political economy, she unveils several effects and outlines the catalysts for them. However, she also reveals that one widely anticipated effect – an increase in domestic proceedings for conflict-related crimes – has barely occurred. This finding leads to the unravelling of paradoxes that go right to the heart of the functioning of an idealistic Court in a world of real constraints.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Heikkilä, M., Coping with International Atrocities through Criminal Law: A Study into the Typical Features of International Criminality and the Reflection of These Traits in International Criminal Law, Åbo, Åbo Akademis förlag/Åbo Akademi University Press, 2013.

    Heikkilä, M., Coping with International Atrocities through Criminal Law : A Study into the Typical Features of International Criminality and the Reflection of These Traits in International Criminal Law, Åbo, Åbo Akademis förlag/Åbo Akademi University Press, 2013.

    International criminal law has during the last two decades developed into an established branch of public international law. The aim of the thesis is to elaborate on the special nature of international crimes (that is, war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide) and to illuminate how the typical characteristics of international crimes have affected the content and functioning of international criminal law. The study starts from the assumption that the law is not merely reflecting what is regarded as central in international criminality, but also affects sentiments about relevance. An interdisciplinary approach is followed in the study, that is, even though the study is a legal study, special attention is given to historical and criminological viewpoints, and to more philosophical thinking about criminal law.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Klamberg, M., Evidence in International Criminal Trials: Confronting Legal Gaps and the Reconstruction of Disputed Events, Leiden, Nijhoff, 2013.

    Klamberg, M., Evidence in International Criminal Trials: Confronting Legal Gaps and the Reconstruction of Disputed Events, Leiden, Nijhoff, 2013.

    In Evidence in International Criminal Trials the author compares procedural activities relevant for international criminal tribunals and the International Criminal Court, including evaluation, collection, disclosure, admissibility and presentation of evidence. The author analyses what objectives are recognized in relation to the aforementioned procedural activities and whether it is possible to establish a priority between them. The concept of “robustness” is introduced to discuss the quantity of evidence in addition to concepts that deal with quality. Finally, the exclusion of every reasonable hypothesis of innocence method is examined as one of several analytical steps that may contribute to the systematic evaluation of evidence. The book seeks to provide guidance on how to confront legal as well as factual issues.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Marchuk, I, The Fundamental Concept of a Crime in International Criminal Law: A Comparative Law Analysis, Berlin, Springer, 2014.

    Marchuk, I, The Fundamental Concept of a Crime in International Criminal Law: A Comparative Law Analysis, Berlin, Springer, 2014.

    This book examines the rapid development of the fundamental concept of a crime in international criminal law from a comparative law perspective. In this context, particular thought has been given to the catalyzing impact of the criminal law theory that has developed in major world legal systems upon the crystallization of the substantive part of international criminal law. The study offers a critical overview of international and domestic jurisprudence with regard to the construal of the concept of a crime (actus reus, mens rea, defences, modes of liability) and exposes roots of confusion in international criminal law through a comprehensive comparative analysis of substantive criminal laws in selected legal jurisdictions.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • McDougall, C., The Crime of Aggression under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    McDougall, C., The Crime of Aggression under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    This guide to the crime of aggression provisions under the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) offers an exhaustive and sophisticated legal analysis of the crime’s definition, as well as the jurisdictional provisions governing the ICC’s exercise of jurisdiction over the crime. A range of practical issues likely to arise in prosecutions of the crime of aggression before the ICC are canvassed, as is the issue of the domestic prosecution of the crime. It also offers an insight into the geopolitical significance of the crime of aggression and the activation of the ICC’s ability to exercise its jurisdiction over the crime. The author’s intimate involvement in the crime’s negotiations, combined with extensive scholarly reflection on the criminalisation of inter-State uses of armed force, makes this highly relevant to all academics and practitioners interested in the crime of aggression.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Mulgrew, R., Towards the Development of the International Penal System, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    Mulgrew, R., Towards the Development of the International Penal System, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    Based on extensive empirical research, this book describes and analyses existing systems for enforcing sentences of imprisonment imposed by international criminal courts and makes recommendations for the strategic and structural development of the international penal system. In particular, it advocates a resocialisation-focused international penal policy delivered using restorative justice modalities post-conviction and the creation of an accountable international prison system. Singly or combined, these developments will contribute to the institutionalisation of the international penal system and enhance the international nature of the sanction, the international control over the way international punishment is enforced and the equal treatment of international prisoners. These developments will also help to ensure that international punishment is principled and progressive and implemented in a humane and effective system.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Pégorier, C., Ethnic Cleansing: A Legal Qualification, London, Routledge, 2013.

    Pegorier, C., Ethnic Cleansing: A Legal Qualification, London, Routledge, 2013.

    This book confronts the problem of the legal uncertainty surrounding the definition and classification of ethnic cleansing, exploring whether the use of the term ethnic cleansing constitutes a valuable contribution to legal understanding and praxis. The premise underlying this book is that acts of ethnic cleansing are, first and foremost, a criminal issue and must therefore be precisely placed within the context of the international law order. In particular, it addresses the question of the specificity of the act and its relation to existing categories of international crime, exploring the relationship between ethnic cleansing and genocide, but also extending to war crimes and crimes against humanity. The book goes on to show how the current understanding of ethnic cleansing singularly fails to provide an efficient instrument for identification, and argues that the act, in having its own distinctive characteristics, conditions and exigencies, ought to be granted its own classification as a specific independent crime.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Sluiter, G. (et al.) (eds.), International Criminal Procedure: Principles and Rules, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013.

    Sluiter, G. (et al.) (eds.), International Criminal Procedure: Principles and Rules, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013.

    International Criminal Procedure: Principles and Rules is a comprehensive study of international criminal proceedings written by over forty leading experts in the field. The book offers a systematic overview and detailed comparison of the standards governing the conduct of proceedings in all major international and internationalized criminal courts from the Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals to the recently established Cambodian Extraordinary Chambers and the Special Tribunal for Lebanon. Based on a major research project, the study covers all procedural phases from the initiation of investigation to the appeals process. It pays special attention to the crosscutting themes which shape the contemporary discourse on international criminal justice, including the law of evidence, the defence issues, the procedural role of victims, and negotiated dismissal of international crime cases. The book not only takes stock of the procedural legacy of the UN ad hoc Tribunals for the former Yugoslavia and Rwanda and the International Criminal Court, but also reflects on the future directions of international criminal procedure. Investigating the tribunals’ procedural law and practice through the prism of human rights law, domestic legal traditions, and tribunals’ special objectives, the expert group puts forth proposals on how the challenges facing international criminal jurisdictions can best be met. International Criminal Procedure will be an indispensable work for practitioners involved in the adjudication of serious crimes on both national and international level, as well as international law students and academics.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Schabas, W., Y. McDermott, and N. Hayes (eds.), The Ashgate Research Companion to International Criminal Law: Critical Perspectives, Farnham, Ashgate, 2013.

    Schabas et al.

    International criminal law is at a crucial point in its history and development, and the time is right for practitioners, academics and students to take stock of the lessons learnt from the past fifteen years, as the international community moves towards an increasingly uni-polar international criminal legal order, with the International Criminal Court (ICC) at the helm. This unique research companion takes a critical approach to a wide variety of theoretical, practical, legal and policy issues surrounding and underpinning the operation of international criminal law as applied by international criminal tribunals. The book is divided into four main parts. The first part analyses international crimes and modes of liability, with a view to identifying areas which have been inconsistently or misguidedly interpreted, overlooked to date or are likely to be increasingly significant in future. The second part examines international criminal processes and procedures, and here the authors discuss issues such as victim participation and the rights of the accused. The third part is a discussion of complementarity and sentencing, while the final part of the book looks at international criminal justice in context. The authors raise issues which are likely to provide the most significant challenges and most promising opportunities for the continuing development of this body of law. As international criminal law becomes more established as a distinct discipline, it becomes imperative for international criminal scholarship to provide a degree of critical analysis, both of individual legal issues and of the international criminal project as a whole. This book represents an important collective effort to introduce an element of legal realism or critical legal studies into the academic discourse.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Sellars, K., ‘Crimes against Peace’ and International Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    Sellars, K., ‘Crimes against Peace’ and International Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    “In 1946, the judges at the International Military Tribunal at Nuremberg declared ‘crimes against peace’ – the planning, initiation or waging of aggressive wars – to be ‘the supreme international crime’. At the time, the prosecuting powers heralded the charge as being a legal milestone, but it later proved to be an anomaly arising from the unique circumstances of the post-war period. This study traces the idea of criminalising aggression, from its origins after the First World War, through its high-water mark at the post-war tribunals at Nuremberg and Tokyo, to its abandonment during the Cold War. Today, a similar charge – the ‘crime of aggression’ – is being mooted at the International Criminal Court, so the ideas and debates that shaped the original charge of ‘crimes against peace’ assume new significance and offer valuable insights to lawyers, policy-makers and scholars engaged in international law and international relations”–

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Carter, L., and F. Pocar (eds.), International Criminal Procedure: The Interface of Civil Law and Common Law Legal Systems, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2013.

    Carter and Pocar

    The emergence of international criminal courts, beginning with the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and including the International Criminal Court, has also brought an evolving international criminal procedure. In this book, the authors examine selected issues that reflect a blending of, or choice between, civil law and common law models of procedure. The issues include background on civil law and common law legal systems; plea bargaining; witness proofing; written and oral evidence; self-representation and the use of assigned, standby, and amicus counsel; the role of victims; and the right to appeal. This book is intended for anyone interested in the complex and fascinating interaction of civil law and common law procedures in the international criminal courts. Students of international criminal law will gain a basic understanding of the differences between civil and common law systems.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet

Database

Blogs

  • Achievements of the ICTY

    Twenty years ago the United Nations Security Council unanimously adapted Resolution 827. With this resolution the international community envisaged to put to trial those individuals that were alleged to be responsible for grave crimes against humanity, infractions of international humanitarian law and the law of war which have been committed during the Yugoslav wars (1991-1999). The United Nations International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY), was the first ad hoc criminal tribunal that came into existence since the erection of the Nuremberg and Tokyo Tribunals after World War II.

    Read more
  • Homeland, Zero Dark Thirty and Jack Bauer: Rendition, Torture and the Demise of American Values

    The latest in a series of Hollywood productions which reopened a debate about torture and extraordinary rendition is Zero Dark Thirty. Real life variations of Hollywood-scenarios have been unfolding as the US government has engaged in a program of extraordinary rendition since the Clinton Administration and which became widespread under the Bush Administration following the September 11 terrorist attacks.This blog examines Obama’s policy towards torture and (extraordinary) rendition.

    Read more
  • Crimes against Cultural Property in Mali

    In an earlier Peace Palace Library blog (Cultucide in Timbuktu: Shari’a and war crimes) Ingrid Kost wrote that the Islamist Group Ansar (Ed)dine (“Defenders of the Faith”) destroyed some of the age-old mausolea of Sufi Saints in Timbuktu, Mali. One of the major causes of destruction of cultural property (the illicit trading, stealing and looting of cultural property is not covered in this blog) over the ages has been armed conflict. Crimes against cultural property should therefore be addressed properly.

    Read more
  • The International Criminal Prosecution Of Gender Crimes

    When we first think about wars and armed conflicts, we very often think about battlefields, burned villages, wounded soldiers, air-bombs and tanks. We tend to forget that civilians, women and children in particular, are at the centre of warfare and frequently fall victim to sexual violence in staggering numbers. The international community and the UN Security Council have established that gender crimes are part of the most serious of international crimes and should therefore be of great concern to the international community as a whole. In spite of this, international crimes involving sexual violence continue to be one of the most difficult crimes to prosecute.

    This blog will briefly discuss the international criminal prosecution of gender crimes by various international legal institutions.

    Read more
  • The ICC's 10th Anniversary

    Ten years ago, on 1 July 2002 the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC) entered into force. At the moment there are 121 States Parties to the Rome Statute. The ICC is the first permanent international court for the prosecution of war crimes, crimes against humanity and genocide.

    What has been achieved by the Court since 2002?

    Read more
  • Cultucide in Timbuktu: Shari’a and War Crimes

    Last weekend the Islamist Group Ansar Eddine (“Defenders of the Faith”) destroyed some of the age-old mausolea of Sufi Saints in Timbuktu. Despite the fact that recently on June 28 2012, these mausolea were placed on the UNESCO List of World Heritage in Danger.

    Read more
  • The African Union and the International Criminal Court

    The handling of the ICC arrest warrant against the Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir continues to create major problems for the African Union. The planned attendance by Al-Bashir of the 19th AU Summit in Malawi coming July and the threat of the Malawi government to arrest him if he did attend has forced the African Union to move the summit to its headquarters in the Ethiopian capital of Addis Ababa.

    Read more
  • Judgment in the Trial of Former Liberian President Charles Taylor

    On Thursday 26 April, Trial Chamber II of the Special Court for Sierra Leone (SCSL) delivered its verdict in the case against Charles Taylor, former president of Liberia. Taylor was found criminally responsible of aiding and abetting rebel forces in the commission of 11 counts of war crimes, crimes against humanity and other serious violations of international humanitarian law in neighboring Sierra Leone during its civil war.

    Read more
  • The International Criminal Court Delivers Judgment on Child Soldiers

    On Wednesday 14 March, Trial Chamber I of the International Criminal Court (ICC) delivered it’s first verdict. In a unanimous decision three judges convicted Thomas Lubanga Dyilo of the war crimes of conscripting, enlisting, and using children under the age of 15 to participate actively in hostilities. With this judgment the ICC firmly establishes the use of children in armed conflict as an international crime and also focuses renewed attention on the many thousands of children still used in various other conflicts in the world.

    Read more
  • Eichmann Trial 50 years

    Lecture in the Peace Palace Library on the Eichmann trial, that took place 50 yeras ago.

    Read more
  • Ratko Mladić's arrest and the ICTY

    It was all over the news that Ratko Mladić, one of two remaining the International Criminal Tribunal for the Former Yugoslavia (ICTY) fugitives, was arrested on Thursday 26th of May in the village of Lazarevo, northern Serbia. After 16 years on the run, the arrest of this Colonel General, former Commander of the Main Staff [...]

    Read more
  • Libya and the International Criminal Court (ICC)

    On February 16th 2011- following a wave of uprisings throughout the Middle-East- Libya experienced a so-called Day of Rage which led to protests breaking out to challenge Colonel Muammar Qadhafi’s 41 year old iron rule- the region’s longest. This blog will briefly discuss the actions taken by the United Nations Security Council and the ICC in response to the unfolding humanitarian crisis in Libya.

    Read more
  • Dresden 1945 : an Allied War Crime?

    Since 1945, the bombing of Dresden is considered by many as a violation of international law and as a crime against humanity, even though positive rules of international humanitarian law were absent at the time. The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, were among the first formal statements of the laws of war and war crimes in the nascent body of international law. However these conventions, adressing the codes of wartime conduct on land and at sea, were adopted before the rise of air power. Despite repeated diplomatic attempts (→ The Hague Rules of Air Warefare 1922/1923) to update international humanitarian law to include aerial warfare, it was not done before the outbreak of World War II. The absence of positive international humanitarian law does not mean that the laws of war did not cover aerial warfare, but there was no general agreement of how to interpret those laws.
    The aerial bombardment of Dresden does not only raise the question as to whether or not it was an Allied war crime, but it also makes a moral appeal to prevent total war against civilian populations. It’s memory is kept alive.

    Read more
  • Arabian leaders try to tackle tension in Lebanon

    King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia and Syrian President Bashar Assad visited Beirut on Friday 30th July in a show of unity before the Special Tribunal for Lebanon’s indictments in the 2005 assassination of former Lebanese Prime Minister Rafik Hariri. Lebanon’s president, prime minister and parliamentary speaker stood side by side to receive the heads of state as they descended from a Saudi jet onto a red carpet at Rafik Hariri International Airport. The visit appeared to be an attempt to quell anxiety in Lebanon that followed a speech last week by Sheik Hassan Nasrallah, the leader of the militant group Hezbollah, in which he denied links between his party and Hariri’s death.

    Read more
  • The First Review Conference of the ICC Statute & the Crime of Aggression Part II

    After two weeks of intense debates and years of preparatory work by the Special Working Group on the Crime of Aggression, the Review Conference of the Rome Statute adopted by consensus amendments to the Rome Statute which includes a definition of the Crime of Aggression and determined how the Court will exercise its jurisdiction over the crime.

    Read more
  • Suspension of Spain’s Investigating Judge Garzón

    On Friday, 14 May 2010, Spain’s General Council of the Judiciary in an emergency session decided to suspend National Court investigating judge Baltasar Garzón pending his trial for knowingly exceeding his jurisdiction by initiating an investigation into the crimes committed during the country’s civil war and the Franco regime, despite an existing amnesty law.

    Read more
  • The First Review of the ICC Statute and the Crime of Aggression

    From May 31st until June 11th 2010, state parties to the International Criminal Court (ICC) will meet in Kampala, Uganda for the first Review Conference of the Rome Statute. One of the most important issues on the agenda is the legal definition of the crime of aggression. This blog will discuss some of the legal complexities in finding an international consensus on the definition of this crime.

    Read more
  • New Institute for Counter-terrorism in the Hague

    Three Hague-based organizations, T.M.C. Asser Institute, the Centre for Terrorism and Counterterrorism of the University of Leiden/Campus Den Haag and the Dutch Institute for International Relations ‘Clingendael’, announced to join forces to set up an independent institute that will contribute to the study and policy-making in the field of counter-terrorism. The institute is financed by [...]

    Read more
  • ICTY Judgement in Florence Hartmann Case

    On Monday, 14 September, the Specially Appointed Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) convicted French journalist Florence Hartmann for contempt of the Tribunal (Case No. IT-02-54-R77.5, full Judgement [PDF], Judgement Summary [PDF]).

    Read more
  • ICC Issues Arrest Warrant for al-Bashir

    On Wednesday, 4 March, the Pre-Trial Chamber of the International Criminal Court (ICC) announced its decision to issue a warrant for the arrest of the Sudanese President, Omar Hassan al-Bashir, for crimes against humanity and war crimes (Read here Decision [PDF], Summary of the Decision [PDF], Arrest Warrant [PDF], and Press Release).

    Read more
  • Al-Bashir Arrest Warrant!

    On Thursday, 12 February, the International Criminal Court (ICC) informed the media that no decision had yet been taken by the Pre-Trial Chamber on last year’s application of Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo for an arrest warrant against the Sudanese President, Omar Hassan al-Bashir. The statement came in reaction to an article in the New York Times on Wednesday that the ICC had actually decided to issue the arrest warrant for al –Bashir.

    Read more
  • Impressions of the 60 years Genocide Convention

    Impressions of the 60 years Genocide Convention On Sunday 7 and Monday 8 December, The Center for Holocaust and Genocide Studies in Amsterdam, the Amsterdam Center for International Law and the Peace Palace Library organized a conference in The Hague to mark the 60th anniversary of the Genocide Convention. At the conference several legal [...]

    Read more
  • Genocide Convention at Sixty!

    The Genocide Convention at Sixty!
    In 1948 the UN General Assembly unanimously adopted the Convention on the Prevention and Punishment of the Crime of Genocide .
    To commemorate this fact: 1) A special issue of Case Western Reserve Journal of International law (Vol. 40, 2008, No. 1-2) and 2) two-day conference in The Hague in the Peace Palace

    Read more
  • Remembrance Slave Trade and its Abolition

    Saturday 23 August marks the UN nineth annual International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition.

    Read more
  • Rwandan Genocide Report.

    A report published by President Paul Kagame’s government accuses France of complicity in Rwanda’s 1994 genocide, by supporting and training Hutu leaders and their militia carrying out the massacres that killed 800.000 people.

    Read more
  • Peace and Justice!

    On Thursday, 31 July, the United Nations Security Council adopted resolution 1828 (2008) renewing the mandate of UNAMID, the UN-African Union peacekeeping mission in Darfur, for another year (resolution [PDF] and meeting record S/PV.5947 [PDF]).

    Read more
  • Judgement of ICTY Trial Chamber in Contempt of Court Case

    On Thursday, 24 June, the Trial Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) convicted Kosovar journalist Baton Haxhiu for contempt of the Tribunal (Case No. IT-04-84-R77.5, judgement [PDF]).

    Read more
  • Karadžić located and arrested

    During the night of the 21st of July Radovan Karadžić was located and arrested by Serbian security officers.

    Radovan Karadžić is charged with genocide for the murder of close to 8,000 Bosnian Muslim men and boys in Srebrenica in 1995. The indictment alleges that Radovan Karadžić also committed genocide, persecutions and other crimes when forces under his command killed non-Serbs during and after attacks on towns throughout Bosnia and Herzegovina.

    The arrest of Radovan Karadžić was welcomed as a “milestone” by war crimes prosecutors of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia [ICTY]in The Hague.

    Read more
  • Judgement of the ICTY Appeals Chamber in the 'Dubrovnik' Case

    On Thursday, 17 July, the Appeals Chamber of the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) rendered its judgement [PDF document] on the appeals of both the Prosecution and the Defense against the conviction and sentence of the former Yugoslav People’s Army (JNA) General Pavle Strugar (Case No. IT-01-42-A).

    Read more
  • ICC Prosecutor Presents Second Case on Crimes in Darfur

    On Monday, 14 July, Prosecutor Luis Moreno-Ocampo of the International Criminal Court (ICC) filed an application for an arrest warrant and submitted to the Judges of the ICC Pre-Trial Chamber evidence of crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity and war crimes committed in Darfur by the Sudanese President, Omar Hassan al-Bashir (Read here the Application for warrant of arrest [PDF]).

    Read more
  • Tenth Anniversary Celebration of the Statute of Rome

    On 3 July 2008, the 10th anniversary of the Rome Statute [PDF]of the International Criminal Court was celebrated here, at Peace Palace in The Hague, in the presence of Her Royal Highness Princess Máxima of the Netherlands.
    The event started with speeches of Mr. Maxime Verhagen, Minister of Foreign Affairs of The Netherlands, [...]

    Read more

 

 

 

 

Delicious links


More relevant links in Delicious

See also

More Research guides on International Criminal Law

PPL keywords

Other suggestions

Map with locations of use of this guide

(experimental, updated every hour. works best in IE 11, Chrome, Firefox)

Comments are closed.