Transnational Crime

Introduction

Transnational Crime - Research Guide International Law

The concept of 'transnational crime', from a criminological perspective, originates from the mid-1970s when the United Nations used the term in order to identify certain criminal activities which transcend national jurisdictions. In 1995, the United Nations identified eighteen categories of transnational - and mostly organized - criminality. Transnational crime was then defined as ‘offences whose inception, prevention and/or direct or indirect effects involved more than one country.’ (UN Doc. A.CONF. 169/15/Add.1 (1995)). The crimes listed included, among others, money laundering, terrorist activities, theft of art and cultural objects, theft of intellectual property, illicit arms trafficking, aircraft hijacking, sea piracy, insurance fraud, computer crime, environmental crime, trafficking in persons, trade in human body parts, illicit drug trafficking, fraudulent bankruptcy, infiltration of legal business, corruption and bribery of public or party officials. Transnational crime has spread exponentially with the development of globalization and it is only relatively recent that some progress has been made by states and international organizations in developing measures to combat this type of criminality.

This Guide is intended as a starting point for research in the field on Transnational Crime. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library's classification index code, i.e., 250a and keyword Transnational Crime are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

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The Peace Palace Library has a collection of over a million publications. Each week, about six hundred new titles are added to our collection: books, articles, documents, online publications, etc. On this page, access is provided to this week’s new titles on Transnational crime.


1. Ǧarāʼim al-ittiǧār bi-al-bašar
Ǧarāʼim al-ittiǧār bi-al-bašar : bayna al-qānūn al-ʻUmānī wa-al-ittifāqiyyāt al-duwaliyya / ta'līf Faḍīlat al-Qāḍī al-Duktūr Badr ibn Yāsir ibn Sulaymān al-Maḥrūqī. - al-Qāhira : Markaz al-Ġandūr, 2014. - 642 pages. ; 24 cm Includes bibliographical references (pages 601-635). - 2014
Keywords: Oman, Human trafficking, Women, Sex crimes, Children, Criminal law, Transnational crime,

2. Traffickers and trafficking
Traffickers and trafficking : challenges in researching human traffickers and trafficking operations / Rebecca Surtees. - Geneva : International Organization for Migration, IOM ; Washington, DC : NEXUS Institute, 2014. - 70 pages. - (IOM and NEXUS Institute human trafficking research series) A research cooperation between IOM and NEXUS Institute. - Includes bibliographical references. - 2014
Keywords: International Organization for Migration, Human trafficking, Transnational crime, E-docs,

Librarian's choice

  • Paoli, L., The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014

    Paoli, L., The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014

    While the success of national and international law enforcement cooperation to suppress organized crime means that stable, large-scale criminal organizations like the Cosa Nostra or the Japanese Yakuza have seen their power reduced, organized crime remains a concern for many governments. Economic globalization and the easing of restrictions on exchanges across borders now provide ample opportunity for money-making activities in illegal markets. Policies designed to stop illegal market flows often shift these activities to new places or create new problems, as the U.S.- led war on drugs spread production and trafficking to a number South and Central American countries. The Oxford Handbook of Organized Crime provides informed, authoritative, and comprehensive overviews of these issues and other principal forms of organized crime, as well as the type and effectiveness of efforts to prevent and control them.

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  • Rothe, D.L. and D.O. Friedrichs, Crimes of Globalization, New York, NY, Routledge, 2015

    Rothe, D. L. and Friedrichs, D. O., Crimes of Globalization, New York, NY, Routledge, 2015

    This book addresses immensely consequential crimes in the world today that, to date, have been almost wholly neglected by students of crime and criminal justice: crimes of globalization. This term refers to the hugely harmful consequences of the policies and practices of international financial institutions – principally in the global South. A case is made for characterizing these policies and practices specifically as crime. Although there is now a substantial criminological literature on transnational crimes, crimes of states and state-corporate crimes, crimes of globalization intersect with, but are not synonymous with, these crimes. Identifying specific reasons why students of crime and criminal justice should have an interest in this topic, this text also identifies underlying assumptions, defines key terms, and situates crimes of globalization within the criminological enterprise. The authors also define crimes of globalization and review the literature to date on the topic; review the current forms of crimes of globalization; outline an integrated theory of crimes of globalization; and identify the challenges of controlling the international financial institutions that perpetrate crimes of globalization, including the role of an emerging Global Justice Movement. The authors of this book have published widely on white collar crime, crimes of states, state-corporate crime and related topics. This book will be essential reading for academics and students of crime and criminal justice who, the authors argue, need to attend to emerging forms of crime that arise specifically out of the conditions of globalization in our increasingly globalized, rapidly changing world.

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  • Mitsilegas, V., P. Alldridge and L. Cheliotis (eds.), Globalisation, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice: Theoretical, Comparative and Transnational Perspectives, Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2015

    Mitsilegas, V., Alldridge, P. and Cheliotis, L. (eds.), Globalisation, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice Theoretical, Comparative and Transnational Perspectives, Oxford, Hart Publishing, 2015

    The book consists of the keynote papers delivered at the 2012 WG Hart Workshop on Globalisation, Criminal Law and Criminal Justice organised by the Queen Mary Criminal Justice Centre. The volume addresses from a cross-disciplinary perspective the multifarious relationship between globalisation on the one hand, and criminal law and justice on the other hand. At a time when economic, political and cultural systems across different jurisdictions are increasingly becoming or are perceived to be parts of a coherent global whole, it appears that the study of crime and criminal justice policies and practices can no longer be restricted within the boundaries of individual nation-states or even particular transnational regions. But in which specific fields, to what extent, and in what ways does globalisation influence crime and criminal justice in disparate jurisdictions? Which are the factors that facilitate or prevent such influence at a domestic and/or regional level? And how does or should scholarly inquiry explore these themes? These are all key questions which are addressed by the contributors to the volume. In addition to contributions focusing on theoretical and comparative dimensions of globalisation in criminal law and justice, the volume includes sections focusing on the role of evidence in the development of criminal justice policy, the development of European criminal law and its relationship with national and transnational legal orders, and the influence of globalisation on the interplay between criminal and administrative law.

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  • Boister, N. and Currie, R. J. (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Transnational Criminal Law, London, Routledge, 2014

    Boister, N., and R.J. Currie (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Transnational Criminal Law, London, Routledge, 2014.

    Certain types of crime are increasingly being perpetrated across national borders and require a unified regional or global response to combat them. Transnational criminal law covers both the international treaty obligations which require States to introduce specific substantive measures into their domestic criminal law schemes, and an allied procedural dimension concerned with the articulation of inter-state cooperation in pursuit of the alleged transnational criminal. The Routledge Handbook of Transnational Criminal Law provides a comprehensive overview of the system which is designed to regulate cross border crime. The book looks at the history and development of the system, asking questions as to the principal purpose and effectiveness of transnational criminal law as it currently stands. The book brings together experts in the field, both scholars and practitioners, in order to offer original and forward-looking analyses of the key elements of the transnational criminal law. The book is split into several parts for ease of reference: Fundamental concepts surrounding the international regulation of transnational crime; Procedures for international cooperation against alleged transnational criminals including jurisdiction, police cooperation, asset recovery and extradition; Substantive crimes covered by transnational criminal law analysing the current legal provisions for each crime; The implementation of transnational criminal law and the effectiveness of the system of transnational criminal law.

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  • Battersby, P., The Unlawful Society: Global Crime and Security in a Complex World, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014

    Battersby, P., The Unlawful Society: Global Crime and Security in a Complex World, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2014.

    Crime today is synonymous with security but our preoccupation with exposing the hidden mechanisms of the global underworld engenders an incomplete understanding of a vexed and complex field of inquiry, policy and practice. International and global relations are being refashioned and re-coded in ways that demand a fresh and expansive interpretation that acknowledges the scope and complexity of networked human interactions. Using the innovative concept of unlawfulness, this book examines the crimes and misdemeanours of the global overworld to form a unique analysis of global order in the twenty-first century. Battersby argues that unlawfulness - the intentional transgression of criminal law - is an active but under-researched principle in international affairs, and maps out the scope of tolerated unlawfulness among and within states and non-state actors including private companies and not-for-profit 'civil society' organizations. Exploring the dynamics of law-making in a world where the pace of technological change is outstripping our capacity to capture new forms of international and transnational crime, this book will be a valuable resource to scholars of International Politics, Global Governance, International Law, Security, Criminal Justice and Policing.

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Database

Blogs

  • Save Wildlife: Act Now or Game Over!

    From 1-3 March 2016, 300 Representatives from Countries, Intergovernmental organisations, non-governmental organisations, business representatives and the broader civil society were gathered in The Hague, the Netherlands for the international wildlife conference: Save Wildlife: Act now or Game over. The conference was organized by the Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Netherlands, the Hague Institute for Global Justice and the Prince of Wales’s International Sustainability Unit. The conference has build on the London and Kasane Conferences on the illegal wildlife trade, and has set the stage for the Hanoi Conference, due to take place later in 2016.

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  • Mexico and the Drug Cartels: A History of Fascination

    On January 9th, 2016, Rolling Stone published an interview between Sean Penn and Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, head of the Mexican Sinaloa Cartel. The fascination that Hollywood, and thus a large part of the western world, has for the Mexican drug cartels and the drug war they are engaging in is anything but recent. Mexico’s drug cartels, as well as widespread violence, money laundering and corruption, are elements which are as closely linked to Mexico’s image as its ancient civilizations. This article will explore the history of Mexico’s drug cartels and the close relationship between drugs and Mexico’s development.

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  • South-Africa and the Future of (Il)legal Trade in Rhino Horn

    On Sunday 22 November, zookeepers of the San Diego Zoo Safari Park put a 41-year old northern white rhinoceros named Nola to sleep. With the death of Nola, there are only three northern white rhinos left on the planet – which are unlikely to reproduce. Widespread poaching, as well as armed conflict, caused the extinction of northern white rhinos in the wild. Last Thursday, the High Court of Pretoria, South Africa, overturned the government’s ban on the domestic trade in rhino horn which was put in place in 2009.

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  • Honduras: A New Cocaine Trafficking Hub

    Last week Honduras adopted a law allowing the government to shoot down planes suspected of trafficking illegal drugs through the country. International drug trafficking is probably the most well known transnational organized crime. How bad is the current situation in Honduras; is it a new cocaine trafficking hub?

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  • Protecting Children from Cybercrime: Online Child Grooming

    In the Netherlands a massive case of internet child abuse has been reveiled this week. A 48 year old man has been arrested and is suspected of online child grooming and sexually abusing hundreds of girls. At least 11 girls stated they have had a meeting with the man and were sexually abused by him. The Dutch police has found 26.000 videos and 144.000 photographs during a raid on his house. The man has been active for eight years. What is online child grooming and what is the International and European policy on combating this form of cyber crime and internet abuse?

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  • Pirates, Buccaneers and Privateers : Concepts of International Law

    Establishing an authoritative definition of “piracy” in international law has always been rather problematic. The definition is relevant, because any confusion in terminology invariably leads to debates between State sovereignty and universal jurisdiction over crimes at sea. The various international law meanings of piracy are derived from, among others, international treaties, and various municipal law meanings are defined by statutes and State practice.

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  • Victor Bout, arms dealer, extradited to USA

    Victor Bout, an interpreter and a former Russian military airforce officer suspected of arms trafficking, has been extradited to the United States of America by Thailand. Bout, also called the ‘merchant of death’, is alleged of supplying illegal weapons to various groups and regimes, such as the Taliban, the Sierra leonean Revolutionary United Front, Charles Taylor and al-Qaida.

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  • Call for an UN Piracy Tribunal

    Five Somalis are currently on trial in the Netherlands after they failed to hijack a freighter sailing under the Dutch Antilles flag in January. The pirates have expressed their satisfaction with their prison cells, and at least one of them has said he wants to stay in the Netherlands after he is released and hopes […]

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  • Remembrance Slave Trade and its Abolition

    Saturday 23 August marks the UN nineth annual International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition.

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  • Piracy

    The history of piracy goes back in the library collection till 1816. Still the oceans are unsafe, especially the Somali coast is crowded with modern pirates with guns and grenades. As in the old days kidnapping and piracy are lucrative businesses, if a ransom is paid.

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