European Union

Introduction

Europe unie construit la paix

In 2012, the European Union (EU) received the Nobel Peace Prize for its decades-long contribution to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. When the first steps towards supranational cooperation were made in the aftermath of World War II, primarily targeted at preventing the rearmament of Germany, the Founding Fathers of the European integration could never have imagined this outcome in their wildest dreams. Over the years, the supranational cooperation would widen – from the original European Communities and deepen – from the originally almost purely economically inspired Communities to the current Union with a say in almost all areas of national competence. At the same time, problems with the Euro have plunged the EU in one of the biggest crises since its inception. This challenges lawmakers to tackle difficult questions about the continued existence of the Euro and the future direction of the European integration project.
Promotion of peace is one the objective of the European integration project but also the well-being of the peoples, and the promotion of certain common values: respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. The EU also aims to offer European citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers, and an economically healthy and sustainable internal market. The EU also developed a common foreign and security policy. In its relations with the wider world, the EU proclaims to uphold and promote its values and interests and contribute to the protection of its citizens. The EU has an institutional framework at its disposal, which has the task to promote the EU ‘s values, advance the EU’s objectives, and serve the interests of the EU citizens and Member States, both within and outside Europe. The EU’s legislative organs are the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. The executive organ is the European Council. The European Commission oversees the application of Union law by Member States, and the Court of Justice of the European Union, being the EU’s judicial organ, ensures that Member States correctly apply EU law.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on the European Union. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index code European Union in General and subject heading (keyword) European Union are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

Online publications released during January 2015 or forthcoming

 

Eijken, H. van, EU Citizenship & the Constitutionalisation of the European Union, Europa Law Publishing, 2015.

Abstract:  It has been 20 years since Union citizenship was introduced under the Treaty of Maastricht, yet it remains a topical and contemporary issue. The main research question underlying this study is whether and how European citizenship affects the constitutionalisation of the European Union. The present study connects European citizenship with European constitutional processes, in order to grasp the constitutional relevance of EU citizenship. To this end, the different aspects of European citizenship are specifically linked to features that are, commonly, found in constitutions. The effect of and relation between European citizenship and four of these constitutional ‘building blocks’ are assessed. First of all, the effect of European citizenship to the vertical division of powers between the Member States and the European Union is analysed. Second, the way European citizenship relates to a common ideology, existing of fundamental rights protection and democracy, is discussed. Moreover, the effect of European citizenship on judicial review and the hierarchy of norms in the European Union is addressed. Finally the question is posed how and to what extend European citizenship affects the constitutionalisation of the European Union and how European citizenship can be placed within the European constitutional context.

Jans, J.H., Prechal, S.,Widdershoven, R.J.G.M. (eds.), Europeanisation of Public Law (2nd edition), Europa Law Publishing, 2015.

Abstract: Europeanisation of Public Law is a study about the relation between European and national public law. Familiar EU doctrines on ‘procedural autonomy’, ‘direct effect’, ‘consistent interpretation’, ‘ex officio application of European law’ and ‘state liability’ are used as a starting point for examining the effects of these doctrines in the various Member States. Consideration is also given to important questions concerning the enforcement of European law in the national legal order, the organisation of the judiciary and the influence of European law on fundament principles of (public) law such as legal certainty, non-discrimination and proportionality.The book has in particular been written for advanced bachelors and masters courses on the relation between national and European law. Because of the many examples of national case law, the book should be most welcome to any practitioner dealing with European law in a national context.

Bartl, M., The Way We Do Europe: Subsidiarity and the Substantive Democratic Deficit, European Law Journal, Volume 21 (2015), No 1, pp. 23–43.

Abstract: The new institutional framework of subsidiarity is expected to lower the EU democratic deficit. In contrast to this optimistic scenario, I argue that the success of subsidiarity depends on its capacity to unravel the EU’s ‘substantive’ democratic deficit. Linked to the Union’s functionalist institutional design, this dimension of the democratic deficit has developed due to two limitations of EU-level politics. First, the EU functionalist design has narrowed the range of topics open to democratic debate (horizontal substantive democratic deficit). Second, the proportion of the debate which we could genuinely describe as being political is declining as a result of the de-politicisation of EU goals, underpinned by a massive accumulation of allegedly apolitical expert knowledge (vertical substantive democratic deficit). Against this background, I contend that by involving actors relatively alien to the EU functionalist thinking, subsidiarity could offer an opportune ground for the re-politicisation of democratic ‘blind spots’ in EU policy making.

Kochenov, D. and Basheska, E., Introduction: Good Neighbourliness Inside and Outside the Union (January 11, 2015). Forthcoming in D Kochenov and E Basheska (eds) Good Neighbourly Relations in the European Legal Context (Brill Nijhoff, 2015).

Abstract: This text provides an introduction to the volume on Good Neighbourly Relations in the European Legal Context, offering a brief sketch of the essence of the principle and a description of the structural organisation of the book. The focus is on the particular issues where good neighbourliness considerations could be applicable, aiming to provide a rich outline of the potential usefulness and importance of the principle of good neighbourly relations in the European legal context.

Colangelo, M. and Zeno-Zencovich, V., Introduction to European Union Transport Law (January 8, 2015). Introduction to European Union Transport Law Collana “Consumatori e Mercato” – n. 2 Dipartimento di Giurisprudenza Università degli studi Roma Tre.

Abstract: A primer for courses on European Union Transport Law, a field of increasing complexity marked by a very strong inter-relation between full competition, State aid, services of general economic interest, regulation of network industries, consumer protection. The volume, after an Introduction to the relevant EU provisions, is divided in three modules: I. Air transport; II. Rail transport; III. Passengers’ rights. It includes also the most important decisions by EU courts and by the European Commission which have opened and shaped the market for trans-European transport services.

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Articles

Documents

 Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

 

Add comments -for instance if you think we missed something, or just to express your thoughts- about the bibliography in this research guide:

New titles


1. Safe to be open
Safe to be open : study on the protection of research data and recommendations for access and usage / edited by Lucie Guibault and Andreas Wiebe ; with contributions by Nils Dietrich, Lucie Guibault, Thomas Margoni, Krzysztof Siewicz, Gerald Spindler and Andreas Wiebe. - Göttingen : Universitätsverlag Göttingen, 2013. - 165 pages. : illustrations (colour). ; 24 cm On cover: OpenAIRE. - Includes bibliographic references. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Copyright law, Scientific research, Electronic data, Databases, Technology, Data protection, Intellectual property, Community law,

2. Nuclear law in the EU and beyond
Nuclear law in the EU and beyond : proceedings of the AIDN/INLA Regional Conference 2013 in Leipzig = Atomrecht in Deutschland, der EU und weltweit / Dr. Christian Raetzke (ed.). - 1. Auflage. - Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2014. - 473 pages. : illustrations. ; 23cm Contributions in English and German. - Includes bibliographical references. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Atomic Energy Community, Nuclear energy, Community law, Nuclear safety, Nuclear accidents, Nuclear liability,

3. The Greening of European Business under EU Law
The Greening of European Business under EU Law : Taking Article 11 TFEU Seriously / edited by Beate Sjåfjell and Anja Wiesbrock. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2015. - XIV, 206 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Routledge research in EU law) Routledge is an imprint of the Taylor & Francis Group. - Includes index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Environmental protection, Sustainable development, Companies,

4. European Privacy Laws, electronically Stored Information, and Other Key Issues in the Discovery Process Affecting International Companies
European Privacy Laws, electronically Stored Information, and Other Key Issues in the Discovery Process Affecting International Companies / Gary G. Hebert. - [Eagan, MN] : Aspatore In: Complying with International Discovery Regulations : Leading Lawyers on Understanding Rules for Discovery in Foreign Countries / [contrib.: John C. Kloosterman ... et al.], ISBN 9780314286185: (2012) - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Privacy, Evidence, Data protection, Electronic data, Law of civil procedure,

5. Basic Principles of European Insolvency Legislation for Non-European Creditors
Basic Principles of European Insolvency Legislation for Non-European Creditors / Mika Ilveskero. - [Eagan, MN] : Aspatore. - Page 33-45 In: Navigating Cross-Border Insolvency Issues : Leading Lawyers on Understanding Jurisdictional Variances and Assessing Debtor and Creditor Rights in International Proceedings, ISBN 9780314287410: (2013), Page 33-45. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Council regulation (EC) No 1346/2000 of 29 May 2000 on insolvency proceedings, Insolvency law, Credit, Member states,

6. Construction européenne et pratiques restrictives
Construction européenne et pratiques restrictives / Martine Behar-Touchais. - Paris : Éditions Panthéon-Assas. - Page 267-287 In: Construction européenne et État de droit / sous la direction de Vincent Heuzé et Jérôme Huet, ISBN 9791090429192: (2012), Page 267-287. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European integration,

7. La protección provisional del obtentor de una variedad vegetal en el Reglamento (CE) no. 2100/94: delimitación y agotamiento de sus derechos
La protección provisional del obtentor de una variedad vegetal en el Reglamento (CE) no. 2100/94: delimitación y agotamiento de sus derechos / Benjamín Saldaña Villoldo. - Cizur Menor, Navarra : Aranzadi, Thomson Reuters. - Page 63-106 In: Cuestiones actuales sobre la protección de las obtenciones vegetales / director Javier Plaza Penadés ; prólogo Juan Rafael Grau Corts ; autores José María Cutillas Torns [and five others], ISBN 9788490590973: (2014), Page 63-106. - 2014
Keywords: Spain, European Union, New varieties of plants, Industrial property, Patents,

8. Cuestiones al respecto de la cuantificación de la denominada "indemnización razonable", prevista en el artículo 95 del Reglamento (CE) no. 2100/94 sobre obtenciones vegetales
Cuestiones al respecto de la cuantificación de la denominada "indemnización razonable", prevista en el artículo 95 del Reglamento (CE) no. 2100/94 sobre obtenciones vegetales / Juan Rafael Grau Corts. - Cizur Menor, Navarra : Aranzadi, Thomson Reuters. - Page 107-135 In: Cuestiones actuales sobre la protección de las obtenciones vegetales / director Javier Plaza Penadés ; prólogo Juan Rafael Grau Corts ; autores José María Cutillas Torns [and five others], ISBN 9788490590973: (2014), Page 107-135. - 2014
Keywords: Spain, European Union, International Convention for the Protection of New Varieties of Plants (Paris, 2 December 1961), New varieties of plants, Patents, Compensation for damage,

9. The Importance of Article 11 TFEU for Regulating Business in the EU
The Importance of Article 11 TFEU for Regulating Business in the EU : Securing the Very Basis of our Existence / Anja Wiesbrock and Beate Sjåfjell. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 1-12 In: The Greening of European Business under EU Law : Taking Article 11 TFEU Seriously / edited by Beate Sjåfjell and Anja Wiesbrock, ISBN 9781138019560: (2015), Page 1-12. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Environmental protection, Sustainable development, European integration,

10. The Sky is the Limit
The Sky is the Limit : On the Drafting of Article 11 TFEU's Integration Obligation and its Intended Reach / Julian Nowag. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 15-30 In: The Greening of European Business under EU Law : Taking Article 11 TFEU Seriously / edited by Beate Sjåfjell and Anja Wiesbrock, ISBN 9781138019560: (2015), Page 15-30. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Sustainable development, Environmental protection, Interpretation,

11. Article 11 TFEU in the Light of the Principle of Sustainable Development in International Law
Article 11 TFEU in the Light of the Principle of Sustainable Development in International Law / Christina Voigt. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 31-50 In: The Greening of European Business under EU Law : Taking Article 11 TFEU Seriously / edited by Beate Sjåfjell and Anja Wiesbrock, ISBN 9781138019560: (2015), Page 31-50. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Sustainable development, Environmental protection, Interpretation, Principles,

12. The Legal Significance of Article 11 TFEU for EU Institutions and Member States
The Legal Significance of Article 11 TFEU for EU Institutions and Member States / Beate Sjåfjell. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 51-72 In: The Greening of European Business under EU Law : Taking Article 11 TFEU Seriously / edited by Beate Sjåfjell and Anja Wiesbrock, ISBN 9781138019560: (2015), Page 51-72. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Sustainable development, Environmental protection, Institutions and organs, Member states,

13. Sustainable State Aid
Sustainable State Aid : A Full Environmental Integration into the EU's State Aid Rules? / Anja Wiesbrock. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 75-96 In: The Greening of European Business under EU Law : Taking Article 11 TFEU Seriously / edited by Beate Sjåfjell and Anja Wiesbrock, ISBN 9781138019560: (2015), Page 75-96. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Sustainable development, Environmental protection, Subsidies and countervailing measures,

14. Corporate Governance for Sustainability
Corporate Governance for Sustainability : The Necessary Reform of EU Company Law / Beate Sjåfjell. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 97-117 In: The Greening of European Business under EU Law : Taking Article 11 TFEU Seriously / edited by Beate Sjåfjell and Anja Wiesbrock, ISBN 9781138019560: (2015), Page 97-117. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Sustainable development, Environmental protection, Company law, Corporate governance,

15. Article 11
Article 11 : Integrated Reporting or Non-Financial Reporting? / Charlotte Villiers and Jukka Mähönen. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 118-143 In: The Greening of European Business under EU Law : Taking Article 11 TFEU Seriously / edited by Beate Sjåfjell and Anja Wiesbrock, ISBN 9781138019560: (2015), Page 118-143. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Sustainable development, Environmental protection, Companies, Reporting,

16. Towards an Integrated Product Regulatory Framework based on Life-Cycle Thinking
Towards an Integrated Product Regulatory Framework based on Life-Cycle Thinking / Eléonore Maitre Ekern. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 144-162 In: The Greening of European Business under EU Law : Taking Article 11 TFEU Seriously / edited by Beate Sjåfjell and Anja Wiesbrock, ISBN 9781138019560: (2015), Page 144-162. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Sustainable development, Environmental protection, Companies, Products, Unification of law,

17. Environmental Damage Insurance for Sustainable Business
Environmental Damage Insurance for Sustainable Business / Johanna Rosenqvist. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 163-180 In: The Greening of European Business under EU Law : Taking Article 11 TFEU Seriously / edited by Beate Sjåfjell and Anja Wiesbrock, ISBN 9781138019560: (2015), Page 163-180. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Sustainable development, Environmental protection, Companies, Environmental damage, Insurances,

18. The Jigsaw Puzzle of Sustainability
The Jigsaw Puzzle of Sustainability / Anja Wiesbrock and Beate Sjåfjell. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 181-192 In: The Greening of European Business under EU Law : Taking Article 11 TFEU Seriously / edited by Beate Sjåfjell and Anja Wiesbrock, ISBN 9781138019560: (2015), Page 181-192. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Sustainable development, Environmental protection, Companies,

19. Las legítimas en el Reglamento sobre sucesiones y testamentos
Las legítimas en el Reglamento sobre sucesiones y testamentos / por Santiago Álvarez González. - Santiago de Compostela : Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. - Page 217-260 In: Estudios sobre ley aplicable a la sucesión mortis causa / Santiago Álvarez González, Isabel Rodríguez-Uría Suárez, ISBN 9788415876731: (2013), Page 217-260. - 2013
Keywords: Spain, European Union, Succession, Estate, Private international law, Regulation,

20. La ley aplicable a las sucesiones mortis causa en el Reglamento (UE) 650/2012
La ley aplicable a las sucesiones mortis causa en el Reglamento (UE) 650/2012 / por Isabel Rodríguez-Uría Suárez. - Santiago de Compostela : Universidade de Santiago de Compostela. - Page 261-328 In: Estudios sobre ley aplicable a la sucesión mortis causa / Santiago Álvarez González, Isabel Rodríguez-Uría Suárez, ISBN 9788415876731: (2013), Page 261-328. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Succession, Estate, Private international law, Regulation,

21. Possible Forms of Legal Protection: An EU Legal Perspective
Possible Forms of Legal Protection: An EU Legal Perspective / Nils Dietrich, Lucie Guibault, Thomas Margoni, Krzysztof Siewicz and Andreas Wiebe. - Göttingen : Universitätsverlag Göttingen. - Page 19-91 In: Safe to be open : study on the protection of research data and recommendations for access and usage / edited by Lucie Guibault and Andreas Wiebe ; with contributions by Nils Dietrich, Lucie Guibault, Thomas Margoni, Krzysztof Siewicz, Gerald Spindler and Andreas Wiebe, ISBN 9783863951474: (2013), Page 19-91. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Copyright law, Rights relating to literary and artistic works, Scientific research, Electronic data, Databases, Data protection, Intellectual property, Community law and municipal law,

22. L'Union européenne et le respect des normes environnementales à travers quelques illustrations exemplaires
L'Union européenne et le respect des normes environnementales à travers quelques illustrations exemplaires / par Carmen Tirado-Robles. - Bruxelles : Bruylant. - Page 325-341 In: Marché et environnement : le marché : menace ou remède pour la protection internationale de l'environnement / sous la direction de Jochen Sohnle et Marie-Pierre Camproux Duffrène ; postafce de Agnès Michelot, ISBN 9782802744566: (2014), Page 325-341. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Environmental protection, European environmental law, Community law and municipal law,

23. Security Governance in the Post-National Constellation: Concept, Practice and Critique
Security Governance in the Post-National Constellation: Concept, Practice and Critique / Hans-Georg Ehrhart, Hendrik Hegemann, Martin Kahl. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 23-42 In: European Peace and Security Policy: Transnational Risks of Violence / Michael Brzoska (ed.), ISBN 9783848718399: (2014), Page 23-42. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Common security and defence policy, Governance,

24. Managing Transnational Security Threats in Europe
Managing Transnational Security Threats in Europe : Concepts, Modes and Effects of EU External Governance / Regina Heller, 43011. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 43-66 In: European Peace and Security Policy: Transnational Risks of Violence / Michael Brzoska (ed.), ISBN 9783848718399: (2014), Page 43-66. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European neighbourhood policy, National security, Foreign policy, Governance,

25. Public Good Theory and the "Added Value" of the EU's Counterterrorism Policy
Public Good Theory and the "Added Value" of the EU's Counterterrorism Policy / Raphael Bossong. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 67-91 In: European Peace and Security Policy: Transnational Risks of Violence / Michael Brzoska (ed.), ISBN 9783848718399: (2014), Page 67-91. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Public goods, Terrorism, National security, International co-operation, Theory,

26. From Challenge to Response: Dormant Powers in Euratom Law
From Challenge to Response: Dormant Powers in Euratom Law / Prof. Dr. Jürgen Grunwald. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 21-38 In: Nuclear Law in the EU and Beyond : Proceedings of the AIDN/INLA Regional Conference 2013 in Leipzig = Atomrecht in Deutschland, der EU und weltweit / Dr. Christian Raetzke (ed.), ISBN 9783848711512: (2014), Page 21-38. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Atomic Energy Community, Nuclear energy, Community law, Member states,

27. Combating Piracy off the Coast of Somalia: Can the EU Approach Work?
Combating Piracy off the Coast of Somalia: Can the EU Approach Work? / Hans-Georg Ehrhart and Kerstin Petretto. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 201-218 In: European Peace and Security Policy: Transnational Risks of Violence / Michael Brzoska (ed.), ISBN 9783848718399: (2014), Page 201-218. - 2014
Keywords: Somalia, European Union, Piracy, Maritime security, Common foreign and security policy,

28. Towards an Enhanced EU Regulatory Framework for Nuclear Safety
Towards an Enhanced EU Regulatory Framework for Nuclear Safety : The Envisaged Commission Proposal for an Amendment of Directive 2009/71/EURATOM Establishing a Community Framework for the Nuclear Safety of Nuclear Installations / Peter Faross. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 39-48 In: Nuclear Law in the EU and Beyond : Proceedings of the AIDN/INLA Regional Conference 2013 in Leipzig = Atomrecht in Deutschland, der EU und weltweit / Dr. Christian Raetzke (ed.), ISBN 9783848711512: (2014), Page 39-48. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Atomic Energy Community, Nuclear energy, Community law, Nuclear safety, Directives, Nuclear facilities, International Atomic Energy Agency,

29. Squeezed between Conflicting Agendas: the EU's Support for Police Reform in the Palestinian Territories
Squeezed between Conflicting Agendas: the EU's Support for Police Reform in the Palestinian Territories / Margret Johannsen. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 219-239 In: European Peace and Security Policy: Transnational Risks of Violence / Michael Brzoska (ed.), ISBN 9783848718399: (2014), Page 219-239. - 2014
Keywords: Israel, European Union, Arab-Israeli conflict, Palestinians, Occupied Arab territories, Common foreign and security policy,

30. A Good Thing Gone too Far?
A Good Thing Gone too Far? : External Assessments and Counterterrorist Finance-Related Measures in the European Union / Michael Brzoska. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 240-260 In: European Peace and Security Policy: Transnational Risks of Violence / Michael Brzoska (ed.), ISBN 9783848718399: (2014), Page 240-260. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Financial Action Task Force on Money Laundering, Finances, Terrorism, Transnational crime,

31. Comments on the Planned Revision of the Euratom Directive on Nuclear Safety
Comments on the Planned Revision of the Euratom Directive on Nuclear Safety / Andreas Woitecki. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 51-69 In: Nuclear Law in the EU and Beyond : Proceedings of the AIDN/INLA Regional Conference 2013 in Leipzig = Atomrecht in Deutschland, der EU und weltweit / Dr. Christian Raetzke (ed.), ISBN 9783848711512: (2014), Page 51-69. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Atomic Energy Community, Nuclear energy, Community law, Nuclear safety, Directives, Nuclear facilities, International Atomic Energy Agency, Nuclear accidents,

32. Continuous Improvement of Nuclear Safety
Continuous Improvement of Nuclear Safety / Rasa Ptasekaite. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 71-95 In: Nuclear Law in the EU and Beyond : Proceedings of the AIDN/INLA Regional Conference 2013 in Leipzig = Atomrecht in Deutschland, der EU und weltweit / Dr. Christian Raetzke (ed.), ISBN 9783848711512: (2014), Page 71-95. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Atomic Energy Community, Nuclear energy, Community law, Nuclear safety, Directives, Reform, International Atomic Energy Agency, Nuclear accidents, Nuclear facilities,

33. The Nuclear Safeguards System of the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom)
The Nuclear Safeguards System of the European Atomic Energy Community (Euratom) / Wolfgang Kilb. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 97-111 In: Nuclear Law in the EU and Beyond : Proceedings of the AIDN/INLA Regional Conference 2013 in Leipzig = Atomrecht in Deutschland, der EU und weltweit / Dr. Christian Raetzke (ed.), ISBN 9783848711512: (2014), Page 97-111. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Atomic Energy Community, Nuclear energy, Community law, Nuclear safety, Directives, International Atomic Energy Agency, Nuclear accidents, Nuclear facilities,

34. Nuclear Power Programme for Poland
Nuclear Power Programme for Poland : Establishing the Legal Framework / Tomasz R. Nowacki. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 121-166 In: Nuclear Law in the EU and Beyond : Proceedings of the AIDN/INLA Regional Conference 2013 in Leipzig = Atomrecht in Deutschland, der EU und weltweit / Dr. Christian Raetzke (ed.), ISBN 9783848711512: (2014), Page 121-166. - 2014
Keywords: Poland, European Union, Nuclear energy, Nuclear facilities, European Atomic Energy Community, Community law and municipal law, International Atomic Energy Agency, Nuclear safety, Nuclear liability,

35. Activities of the EU Commission in the Field of Nuclear Liability Coverage
Activities of the EU Commission in the Field of Nuclear Liability Coverage : Some Personal Remarks / Dirk Harbrücker. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 281-286 In: Nuclear Law in the EU and Beyond : Proceedings of the AIDN/INLA Regional Conference 2013 in Leipzig = Atomrecht in Deutschland, der EU und weltweit / Dr. Christian Raetzke (ed.), ISBN 9783848711512: (2014), Page 281-286. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Nuclear liability, Nuclear energy, Nuclear facilities, Nuclear safety, Community law and municipal law, European Atomic Energy Community, Energy,

36. Un estánder "común" de derechos de los nacionales de terceros países
Un estánder "común" de derechos de los nacionales de terceros países / Fanny Castro-Rial garrone. - Madrid : Editorial Universitas, S.A. - Page 287-328 In: Derechos humanos: problemas actuales : estudios en homenaje al Profesor Benito de Castro Cid / Narciso Martínez Morán, Ana María Marcos del Cano, Rafael Junquera de Estéfani (coordinadores), ISBN 9788479914103: (2013), Page 287-328. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Third states, Directives, Community law and municipal law, Human rights, Immigration,

37. What Can the Victims of a Nuclear Incident Expect from the Initiative of the European Commission Related to Nuclear Liability?
What Can the Victims of a Nuclear Incident Expect from the Initiative of the European Commission Related to Nuclear Liability? / Roland Dussart-Desart. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 287-308 In: Nuclear Law in the EU and Beyond : Proceedings of the AIDN/INLA Regional Conference 2013 in Leipzig = Atomrecht in Deutschland, der EU und weltweit / Dr. Christian Raetzke (ed.), ISBN 9783848711512: (2014), Page 287-308. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Nuclear liability, Nuclear energy, Nuclear facilities, Nuclear safety, Community law and municipal law, European Atomic Energy Community, Victims, Compensation for damage, Directives,

38. A Call to Action
A Call to Action : the Realization of Equal Recognition under the Law for People with Disabilities in the EU / Anna Arstein-Kerslake In: European Yearbook of Disability Law: vol. 5, page 75-102. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Invalidity, Human rights, Recognition, United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (New York, 13 December 2006), Community law and international law,

39. La politique de sécurité et de défense commune de l'UE (PSDC) a-t-elle un avenir?
La politique de sécurité et de défense commune de l'UE (PSDC) a-t-elle un avenir? : préface / Jean-Paul Perruche. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 9-12 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 9-12. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy,

40. La nécessité d'une relance de la PSDC
La nécessité d'une relance de la PSDC : rapport introductif / Josiane Auvret-Finck. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 13-36 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 13-36. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy,

41. A Quest for the Holy Grail?
A Quest for the Holy Grail? : Political Leadership in Europe's Common Security and Defence Policy / Jan Wouters. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 39-67 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 39-67. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy,

42. Le renforcement de la légitimité de la PSDC
Le renforcement de la légitimité de la PSDC / Catherine Schneider. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 69-116 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 69-116. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, Legitimacy,

43. Le rôle des militaires dans une politique de sécurité et de défense commune renforcée
Le rôle des militaires dans une politique de sécurité et de défense commune renforcée / Éric Chaboureau. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 117-131 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 117-131. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, Armed forces, Militaries,

44. La consolidation de l'agence européenne de défense
La consolidation de l'agence européenne de défense / Constance Chevallier-Govers. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 133-153 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 133-153. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy,

45. Un financement solidaire de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune
Un financement solidaire de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune / Aymeric Potteau. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 155-170 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 155-170. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, Finances, Budgets,

46. L'Europe et la nouvelle guerre froide
L'Europe et la nouvelle guerre froide / Jean-Paul Guichard. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 173-186 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 173-186. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, International politics, International relations, Economic crisis,

47. La mutualisation et le partage des capacités civiles entre les États membres
La mutualisation et le partage des capacités civiles entre les États membres / Thomas Guibert. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 187-196 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 187-196. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, Conflict management,

48. Le partage et la mutualisation des capacités militaires en Europe
Le partage et la mutualisation des capacités militaires en Europe / Guillaume de La Brosse. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 197-207 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 197-207. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, Armed forces, Military expenditures,

49. La promotion de la recherche et du développement technologique au service d'une industrie européenne de la défense
La promotion de la recherche et du développement technologique au service d'une industrie européenne de la défense / Paul Anciaux. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 209-214 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 209-214. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, Arms industry, Scientific research,

50. Vers un marché européen de l'armement?
Vers un marché européen de l'armement? / Anne Millet-Devalle. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 215-235 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 215-235. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, Arms industry,

51. Le renforcement des synergies entre sécurités intérieure et extérieure
Le renforcement des synergies entre sécurités intérieure et extérieure / Jean-Christophe Martin. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 239-258 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 239-258. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, Common foreign and security policy, Justice and home affairs,

52. PSDC et entreprises militaires et de sécurité privées (EMSP)
PSDC et entreprises militaires et de sécurité privées (EMSP) / Thierry Garcia. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 259-269 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 259-269. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, Private military companies,

53. Vers une relance de la PSDC
Vers une relance de la PSDC : la refondation de la coopération UE/OTAN / Louis Balmond. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 271-289 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 271-289. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Co-operation,

54. La coopération UE/ONU en matière de gestion des crises
La coopération UE/ONU en matière de gestion des crises : comment conforter l'acquis? / Anne Hamonic. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 291-313 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 291-313. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, United Nations, Conflict management, Co-operation,

55. L'insertion des clauses de coopération en matière de sécurité dans les accords externes de l'Union européenne
L'insertion des clauses de coopération en matière de sécurité dans les accords externes de l'Union européenne / Isabelle Bosse-Platière. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 315-336 In: Vers une relance de la politique de sécurité et de défense commune? / sous la direction de Josiane Auvret-Finck ; préface de Jean-Paul Perruche, ISBN 9782804467685: (2014), Page 315-336. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, International agreements, Security policy, International peace and security, International co-operation, Clauses,

56. Environmentally Beneficial Agreements and Article 101(3) TFEU: Are Non-Economic Benefits an Option?
Environmentally Beneficial Agreements and Article 101(3) TFEU: Are Non-Economic Benefits an Option? / Kristinn Már Reynisson In: European Business Law Review = ISSN 1875-841X: vol. 25, issue 5, page 727–746. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Cartels and monopolies, Environmental protection, Economic conditions, Competition, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007),

57. Restoring tasks from the European Union to Member States: A bumpy road to an unclear destination?
Restoring tasks from the European Union to Member States: A bumpy road to an unclear destination? / Robert Zbiral In: Common Market Law Review = ISSN 1875-8320: vol. 52, issue 1, page 51-84. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Competence, Community law and municipal law,

58. The fight against letterbox companies in the internal market
The fight against letterbox companies in the internal market / Karsten Engsig Sørensen In: Common Market Law Review = ISSN 1875-8320: vol. 52, issue 1, page 85-117. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Companies, Establishment, Free movement, Abuse, Unification of law, Company law,

59. Tailor-made accountability within the Single Supervisory Mechanism
Tailor-made accountability within the Single Supervisory Mechanism / Gijsbert Ter Kuile, Laura Wissink, Willem Bovenschen In: Common Market Law Review = ISSN 1875-8320: vol. 52, issue 1, page 155-189. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, European Central Bank, Banks, Monitoring, Accountability,

60. A giant leap for European Human Rights? The Final Agreement on the European Union’s accession to the European Convention on Human Rights
A giant leap for European Human Rights? The Final Agreement on the European Union’s accession to the European Convention on Human Rights / Paul Gragl In: Common Market Law Review = ISSN 1875-8320: vol. 51, issue 1, page 13-58. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Accession,

61. Openness at the Court of Justice of the European Union: Toppling a taboo
Openness at the Court of Justice of the European Union: Toppling a taboo / Alberto Alemanno, Oana Stefan In: Common Market Law Review = ISSN 1875-8320: vol. 51, issue 1, page 97-139. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Transparency, Information,

62. The fundamental rights implications of EU legislation: Some constitutional challenges
The fundamental rights implications of EU legislation: Some constitutional challenges / Elise Muir In: Common Market Law Review = ISSN 1875-8320: vol. 51, issue 1, page 219-245. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Community law, Human rights,

63. A Memorandum of Misunderstanding – The doomed road of the European Stability Mechanism and a possible way out: Enhanced cooperation
A Memorandum of Misunderstanding – The doomed road of the European Stability Mechanism and a possible way out: Enhanced cooperation / Michael Schwarz In: Common Market Law Review = ISSN 1875-8320: vol. 51, issue 2, page 389-423. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European stability mechanism, European integration, Enhanced cooperation, Governance, Legitimacy,

64. Europe’s copyright law decade: Recent case law of the European Court of Justice and policy perspectives
Europe’s copyright law decade: Recent case law of the European Court of Justice and policy perspectives / Matthias Leistner In: Common Market Law Review = ISSN 1875-8320: vol. 51, issue 2, page 559-600. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Copyright law, Case-law,

65. 'Consumers’ access to EU competition law procedures: Outer and inner limits
'Consumers’ access to EU competition law procedures: Outer and inner limits / Katalin J. Cseres, Joana Mendes In: Common Market Law Review = ISSN 1875-8320: vol. 51, issue 2, page 483-521. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Competition, Consumers, Enforcement, Access to justice,

66. Judicial appointments: The Article 255 TFEU Advisory Panel and selection procedures in the Member States
Judicial appointments: The Article 255 TFEU Advisory Panel and selection procedures in the Member States / Tomáš Dumbrovský, Bilyana Petkova, Marijn Van Der Sluis In: Common Market Law Review = ISSN 1875-8320: vol. 51, issue 2, page 455-482. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Court of First Instance of the European Communities, Member states, Judges, Transparency,

67. El papel de la Unión Europea en el apoyo a la Democracia y al respeto de los Derechos Humanos en los países de la «primavera árabe»
El papel de la Unión Europea en el apoyo a la Democracia y al respeto de los Derechos Humanos en los países de la «primavera árabe» / by José Escribano Úbeda-Portugués In: Rivista ordine internazionale e diritti umani (Revista OIDU) = ISSN 2284-3531: issue 5, page 926-937. - 2014
Keywords: Mediterranean countries, European Union, Arab Spring, Democracy, Human rights, International relations,

68. Asilo e cittadinanza Europea alla luce della Carta dei Diritti Fondamentali
Asilo e cittadinanza Europea alla luce della Carta dei Diritti Fondamentali / by Francesco Cherubini In: Rivista ordine internazionale e diritti umani (Revista OIDU) = ISSN 2284-3531: issue 4, page 756-770. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Immigration, Refugees, Asylum, Citizenship, Human rights,

Librarian's choice

These publications are selected for you by .

  • Steiner, J., L. Woods and P. Watson, Steiner and Woods EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Steiner, J., L. Woods and P. Watson, Steiner and Woods EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Steiner & Woods EU law is fully updated and revised to reflect the latest case law and debates in EU law including new discussion of Pringle and the Eurozone crisis and the accession of Croatia to the EU. The book features extensively revised and restructured coverage of competition law and enforcement, includes substantially revised chapters on citizenship and discrimination, taking account of the fast-moving case law in these areas. The book features additional case detail and improved presentation of key facts and judgments. Now in its twelfth edition, Steiner & Woods EU Law is rightfully regarded as one of the best and most trusted EU law textbooks available. The book includes a well-balanced range of topics for students taking an EU law course at any level. It offers a careful blend of institutional and substantive coverage and focuses on explaining the law clearly for student readers, as well as raising areas of debate to inform class discussion and essays.The case detail is clearly sign-posted throughout the text, including excerpts from leading judgements, while diagrams distil complex tests and procedures to visually represent the workings of the EU. End of chapter reading suggestions plus a detailed bibliography provide a helpful starting point for essay preparation and independent research. The book is accompanied by a free Online Resource Centre (www.oxfordtextbooks.co.uk/orc/steiner_woods12e/).

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  • Klamert, M., The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Klamert, M., The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Despite its seemingly innocuous wording, in what is now Article 4 (3) TEU, the principle of loyalty has had a significant impact in deepening the reach of EU law within the Member States. The duty of sincere cooperation has been interpreted strongly by the European Courts as imposing serious duties on States to give strong effect to European legal acts. The principle has been central to the development of Union law since the 1960s, and is still being relied on by the European Court of Justice to often-controversial effect. Providing a thorough discussion of the principle of loyalty in EU law, this book introduces a novel classification of the very diverse roles loyalty plays in the EU. It distinguishes between the effects loyalty prescribes for interlocking the legal orders of the Member States with Union law, its application in preventing and resolving conflicts between the Union and the Member States, and the loyalty principle’s role in the shaping of EU law. It addresses important and yet unresolved questions pertaining to loyalty, such as its relation to the principles of solidarity, pre-emption, the Union interest, institutional balance, and the unity of international representation. The book explains why loyalty has been neglected in the prevailing narratives about the foundational case law of the European Court of Justice, and highlights its central importance to understanding EU public law.

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  • Glencross, A., The Politics of European Integration : Political Union or a House Divided?, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    Glencross, A., The Politics of European Integration : Political Union or a House Divided?, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    This book is a systematic, up-to-date exploration of the politics of European integration that includes balanced coverage of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Union. The book examines European integration as a contested political process that continues to divide and inspire nations, citizens, and politicians.  The book also provides students with the analytical tools to consider why the EU functions as it currently does, whether the EU is sufficiently democratic, the politics behind EU legislation, debates over foreign policy, proposals for institutional reform, and the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis. Finally the book brings together the latest scholarly research from comparative politics, international relations, law, and democratic theory.

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  • Lenaerts, K., Maselis, I., Gutman, K., EU Procedural law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Lenaerts, K., Maselis, I., Gutman, K., EU Procedural law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    The European Union is unique amongst international organisations in that it has a highly developed and coherent system of judicial protection. The rights derived from Union law can be enforced in court, as opposed to other international organisations whereby enforceability is often far less certain. At the heart of the system of judicial protection in the European Union is the core principle of upholding the rule of law. As such, the stakes are high in the sense that the system of the judicial protection in the European Union must live up to its promise in which ndividuals, Member States and Union institutions are all guaranteed a route by which to enforce Union law rights. This book provides a rigorously structured analysis of the EU system of judicial protection and procedure before the Union courts. It examines the role and the competences of the Union courts and the types of actions that may be brought before them, such as the actions for infringement, annulment, and failure to act, as well as special forms of procedure, for example interim relief, appeals, and staff cases. In doing so, special attention is given to the fields of EU competition law and State aid. In addition it evaluates the relationship between the Court of Justice and the national courts through the preliminary ruling procedure and the interplay between EU law and the national procedural frameworks generally. Throughout, it takes account of significant institutional developments, including the relevant changes brought by the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and the amendments to the Statute of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the Rules of Procedure of the Court of Justice and the General Court.

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  • Jacob, M., Precedents and Case-based Reasoning in the European Court of Justice : Unfinished Business, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Jacob, M., Precedents and Case-based Reasoning in the European Court of Justice : unfinished Business, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Past cases are the European Court of Justice’s most prominent tool in making and justifying the rulings and decisions which affect the everyday lives of more than half a billion people. Marc Jacob’s detailed analysis of the use of precedents and case-based reasoning in the Court uses methods such as doctrinal scholarship, empirical research, institutional analysis, comparative law and legal theory in order to unravel and critique the how and why of the court’s precedent technique. In doing so, he moves the wider debate beyond received ‘common law’ versus ‘civil law’ figments and ‘Eurosceptic’ versus ‘Euromantic’ battle lines, and also provides a useful blueprint for assessing and comparing the case law practices of other dispute resolution bodies.

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  • Hobolt, S.B., Tilley, J., Blaming Europe? : Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Hobolt, S.B., Tilley, J., Blaming Europe? : Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    A key component of democratic accountability is that citizens understand ‘who is to blame’. Nonetheless, little is known about how citizens attribute responsibility in the European Union or how those perceptions of responsibility matter. This book presents the first comprehensive account of how citizens assign blame to the EU, how politicians and the media attempt to shift blame and finally, how it matters for electoral democracy. Based on rich and unique data sources, Blaming Europe? sheds light on all three aspects of responsibility in the EU. First, it shows that while institutional differences between countries shape citizen judgements of EU responsibility, those judgements are also highly determined by pre-existing attitudes towards the EU. Second, it demonstrates that neither politicians nor the media assign much blame to the EU. Third, it establishes that regardless of whether voters are capable of accurately assigning responsibility, they are not able to hold their EU representatives to account via the ballot box in European elections due to the lack of an identifiable ‘European government’ to reward or punish. As a consequence, when citizens hold the EU responsible for poor performance, but are unable to sanction an EU incumbent, they lose trust in the EU as a whole instead. In conclusion, it argues that this ‘accountability deficit’ has significant implications for the future of the European Union.

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  • Peers, S., Harvey, T. Kenner, J. and A. Ward (eds), The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights : a Commentary, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, Hart Publishing, 2014.

    Peers, S., Harvey, T. Kenner, J. and A. Ward (eds), The Eu charter of fundamental rights : a commentary, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, Hart Publishing, 2014.

    The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union enshrines the key political, social and economic rights of EU citizens and residents in EU law. In its present form it was approved in 2000 by the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the European Commission. However its legal status remained uncertain until the entry into
    force of the Treaty of Lisbon in December 2009. The Charter obliges the EU to act and legislate consistently with the Charter, and enables the EU’s courts to strike down EU legislation which contravenes it. The Charter applies to EU Member States when they are implementing EU law but does not extend the competences of the EU beyond the competences given to it in the treaties. This Commentary on the Charter, the first in English, written by experts from several EU Member States, provides an authoritative but succinct statement of how the Charter impacts upon EU, domestic and international law. Following the conventional article-by-article approach, each commentator offers an expert view of how each article is either already being interpreted in the courts, or is likely to be interpreted. Each commentary is referenced to the case law and is augmented with extensive references to further reading. Six cross-cutting introductory chapters explain the Charter’s institutional anchorage, its relationship to the Fundamental Rights Agency, its interaction with other parts of international human rights law, the enforcement mechanisms, extraterritorial scope, and the all-important ‘Explanations’.

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  • Dörr, O. (Hrsg.), Staatshaftung in Europa : nationales und Unionsrecht, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2014.

    Dörr, O. (Hrsg.), Staatshaftung in Europa : nationales und Unionsrecht, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2014.

    This reference work provides a systematic presentation of the liability systems in EU member states for the first time. Similarities and differences between EU states’ various legal systems are presented and also explained in terms of Union Law. In addition, approaches to establishing a uniform state liability law in the future are outlined. This work includes, on the one hand, more than twenty reports about the state liability systems in the individual member states; on the other hand, comprehensive specialized report explain the entire European context and present comparative conclusions on the individual specialized topics. Based on the synopsis of the state liability systems together with the current state of Union liability as developed in case law, the law on state liability in the EU is extensively analyzed and its capability to develop based on general legal principles is defined.

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Database

EUR-Lex provides free access to European Union law and other documents considered to be public. The collection  include  treaties, international agreements, legislation in force, preparatory acts, case-law and parliamentary questions.

The European e-Justice Portal implemented by the Commission in very close cooperation with EU countries, provides a wealth of information and links on laws and practices in all EU countries. The resources range from information on legal aid, judicial training, European small claims and videoconferencing to links to legal databases, online insolvency and land registers. It also includes user-friendly forms for various judicial proceedings, such as the European order for payment. The portal benefits citizens, businesses, lawyers and judges with cross-border legal questions and boosts mutual understanding of different legal systems by contributing to the creation of a single European area of justice.

Blogs

  • A Soul for Europe

    There is sincere doubt as to whether it will ever be possible to define the European Union. It depends on the perspective of the beholder, which she or he is likely to conclude about the nature of the Union. The present blogger tends to simultaneously agree and disagree with the authors. He concedes that the perspective from which one investigates the European Union, may determine to a large extent the conclusions which that person is likely to draw. The purpose of this blog is to describe the Union from various perspectives in a number of different ways.

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  • The Eurasian Economic Union as a Geopolitical and Economic Counterweight to the European Union: the Case of Armenia

    The Eurasian Economic Union is the next step in Eurasian economic integration. It will function as a common market with a customs union and has the aim of providing the free movement of goods, services, capital and workforce and conducting common policies in key economic sectors, such as energy and agriculture. The EEU was established in 2014 between Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia. A the treaty to enlarge the EEU by including Armenia was signed in October. In this blog we’ll discuss the main reasons for Armenia to join the EEU instead of choosing the path of closer cooperation with the European Union.

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  • The Identity of the European Union

    The question concerning the nature of the EU has been one of the most contested political and academic issues of the last fifty years. From the outset, the debate about European integration has been dominated by the dilemma as to whether the project should result in the emergence of a sovereign state of Europe or in the formation of a Europe of sovereign states. This line of thought leads to the suggestion that, anno 2014, the identity of the EU may be described with the following words: the EU is a Union of citizens and member states which functions as a common democracy.

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  • European Court of Justice Clarification of the Research and Private Study Exception to Copyright Infringement for Libraries

    On Thursday 11 September 2014, the European Court of Justice ruled on the meaning of the research and private study exception to copyright infringement for libraries, educational establishments, museums and archives. The Court decided that libraries are allowed to digitise books and make them available to the public at e-reading points within its vicinity, without the author’s permission. The judgment was issued in Case C-117/13, Technische Universität Darmstadt v Eugen Ulmer KG.

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  • Connecting Habermas with International Law

    The financial crisis has intensified the debate about the feasibility of the European Union as a new phenomenon in international law. In his essay ‘On Europe’s Constitution’, philosopher Jürgen Habermas underlines that he regards the EU as a step in the direction of a politically constituted world order. In an 2012 interview Habermas focuses on the conceptual challenges of the EU by asking the quintessential question: How should we imagine a for closer co-operation necessary, supranational association which complies with stringent demands of democratic legitimacy without assuming the shape of a state?

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  • ECJ Judgment: Private Copying Levy Cannot Include Copies Made from Unlawful Sources!

    The European Court of Justice has been pretty busy the past weeks. On Tuesday, April 8th 2014, the Court has declared the Data Retention Directive invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. On Thursday, April 10th 2014, the Court has given its verdict on a complicated Dutch case involving the home-copying exception of European copyright legislation, and the associated use of copyright levies on blank media.

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  • The Origins of EU and EMU: Towards a Post-Westphalian Paradigm

    The theoretical hallmark of the European Union is its flexible approach to sovereignty. According to the Westphalian system of international relations which forms the prevailing paradigm in international law and lies at the heart of the organisation of the United Nations, sovereignty is one and indivisible. States are sovereign and without sovereignty there is no State. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, Philosopher of Law, Director of Euroknow and Creator of the Boardgame Eurocracy.

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  • Exit Data Retention Directive: a Victory for Privacy in Europe!

    Last Tuesday, April 8, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Data Retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC, 15 March 2006) invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. In the view of the Court, the requirement in the Data Retention Directive for mobile operators and internet service providers to retain data interfered in a “particularly serious manner with the fundamental rights to respect for private life and to the protection of personal data”.

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  • Europe: Backwards or Forwards?

    In an apocalyptic essay, written at the height of the euro-crisis in 2012, Joseph Weiler predicted that the European Union will turn on its member-states in a similar way as the Golem of Prague persecuted its creators in the 16th century. The author paves the way for this conclusion by attributing a dimension of ‘political messianism’ to the statements of the founding fathers, which turns the Schuman-declaration into a roadmap to ‘the Promised Land’. As messianic narratives are doomed to collapse, the European project is set to disappoint and alienate the populace as well. Consequently, the EU creates the conditions for its own destruction.

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  • Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

    For decades, the process of European integration has been hampered by the predominance of the Westphalian system of international relations. According to this system, which owes its name to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the process of European integration had to result either in the creation of a federal European state or in the establishment of a confederal union of states. Founded in 1992, the EU defied the Westphalian paradigm from the outset.

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  • Ukraine, Moving East or West?

    Although Yanukovych has claimed many times to seek good ties with Russia and the EU simultaneously, it seems that by refusing to sign the Association Agreement (AA) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU last November, the power balance is tipping towards Russia. As an alternative to further EU integration, Russia has been actively promoting Ukraine to join the Russian-led Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, which in the future could progress towards a further integrated Eurasian Union.

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  • Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    The Italian banker and politician Padoa-Schioppa used to describe Great-Britain as the Venice of Europe. Drawing a comparison between the Italian unification in the 19th century and the present process of European integration, Padoa-Schioppa suggested that the UK is and will remain as reluctant to give up the pound in favour of euro as Venice has been to join the Italian lira. The implication of the comparison is, of course, that, however grudgingly, in the end the UK will accept the common European currency as well.

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  • The European Union as a Common Democracy

    As a young democracy the EU urgently needs to strengthen its legitimacy and accountability. The transition from a traditional union of nation states to a polity of citizens and member states requires a fundamental adjustment of governance structures. The primordial challenge for the coming decades is therefore to address the democratic deficit and to turn the EU into a living democracy.

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  • A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    On June 28th 2011 Peter Kooijmans participated in a conference about the place of the EU in international law, which was held in the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace under the auspices of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and the Carnegie Foundation. According to a blog on this website, one of the participants started the debate on the presumption that ‘the EU is a thing for which lawyers have no name’.

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  • Cameron and the Intricacies of the Westphalian System of International Relations

    In his long-awaited speech on Europe British Prime Minister David Cameron criticised the EU for its lack of democracy. PM Cameron is right insofar as the citizens of the EU can’t elect their own European government and miss the power to vote their leaders out of office. However, Cameron’s criticism would only be justified if the EU were to be considered as a sovereign state like the UK, France or Germany.

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  • The EU and the Nobel Peace Prize: Who will say thank you?

    European Council President Herman Van Rompuy or Jose-Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission or Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament? Together they will fly to Oslo on December 10 to represent the main institutions of the EU at the acceptance ceremony for the Nobel Peace Prize 2012.

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  • The Novelty of the EU

    For decades, the debate about the future of the European Union has been dominated by the dilemma whether the EU was to become a federal state or should establish itself as a union of states. After the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, however, it may be suggested that the deadlock in the debate about the finalité politique has been broken. The gist of this blog is to argue that the Lisbon Treaty construes the EU as a democracy without turning the Union into a state. This conclusion can be underpinned as follows.

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  • Internet governance 2012: Who should control the Internet?

    In the last twenty years, the Internet has had a tremendous impact on society and the term “Internet governance” was introduced. At first it was mainly used to describe the technical management of the Internet such as domain names and internet protocols. Nowadays governance refers to questions like “Do we all accept our responsibilities to safeguard the continued development of the Internet as a global, open and safe virtual environment? and Who sets the rules? In this blog I will give a few highlights of the current developments of internet governance on an International and (as well as on) an European level.

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  • The EU as a democratic polity in international law

    On June 28, 2011 a conference was held about The European Union (hereafter EU) as a Polity in International Law at the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference was held at the initiative of Mr. Jaap Hoeksma, Director of Euroknow. This initiative was supported by Dr P. H. Kooijmans, Prof Dr L-J Brinkhorst, Dr W.F. van Eekelen, Dr W.van Gerven and Dr Th. van Boven.

    The theme of the conference was the legal status of the European Union and its relationship with international law.From its inception, the main goal of the European Union and its integration in the legal as well as political systems of the Member states has been faced with conceptual problems regarding the final goal of the establishment of the European Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss whether the Lisbon Treaty has overcome the problems by constructing the EU as a democratic polity without turning the Union into a state. If so, what are the consequences for the place of the EU as a polity in international law and for its role in international relations?

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  • European nuclear safety after the Japanese Fukushima disaster

    On Friday 11 March 2011, Japan was struck by a devastating earthquake and tsunami, also known as the Tōhoku earthquake. Japan’s nuclear crisis that was caused by the earthquake and tsunami has so far evoked many questions and worries about the safety of nuclear energy just like the Chernobyl disaster evoked responses in the 1980s. It raises questions about the possible impact of nuclear energy industry on safety and health. Several European countries have discussed the use of nuclear energy and safety measures or have temporarily shut down nuclear reactors since the Japanese earthquake of 11 March 2011.

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  • International and European criminal measures on intellectual property rights

    On October 2, 2010, the 11th and final round of the negotiations for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was concluded successfully in Tokyo, Japan. The Government of Japan hosted the negotiations. Participants in the negotiations included Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) – represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the [...]

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  • Roma Rights in the European Union.

    In July 2010, The French government decided to begin to expel Roma’s, mainly from Romania and Bulgaria, as many of them were living in France illegally. This decision caused much controversy within the Institutions of the EU. This blog will briefly discuss in what way EU institutions have responded to recent Roma issues and what can be done to improve the position of this marginalized community in Europe.

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  • EU Enlargement Strategy and Progress Reports 2009

    On 14 October 2009 the European Commission adopted its annual strategy document explaining its policy on EU enlargement. The document includes also a summary of the progress made over the last twelve months by each candidate and potential candidate: Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, [...]

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  • The European Union’s ‘ContraFake’ policy

    Counterfeiting, which represents 5 to 7% of world trade, has implications on the competitiveness of EU companies, on jobs and on the health and security of EU citizens. László Kovác, European Commissioner in charge of Taxation and Customs Union, states his vision on the fight against counterfeiting as follows. ‘Customs have a vital role [...]

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