European Union

Introduction

Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

In 2012, the European Union (EU) received the Nobel Peace Prize for its decades-long contribution to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. When the first steps towards supranational cooperation were made in the aftermath of World War II, primarily targeted at preventing the rearmament of Germany, the Founding Fathers of the European integration could never have imagined this outcome in their wildest dreams. Over the years, the supranational cooperation would widen – from the original European Communities and deepen – from the originally almost purely economically inspired Communities to the current Union with a say in almost all areas of national competence. At the same time, problems with the Euro have plunged the EU in one of the biggest crises since its inception. This challenges lawmakers to tackle difficult questions about the continued existence of the Euro and the future direction of the European integration project. Promotion of peace is one the objective of the European integration project but also the well-being of the peoples, and the promotion of certain common values: respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. The EU also aims to offer European citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers, and an economically healthy and sustainable internal market. The EU also developed a common foreign and security policy. In its relations with the wider world, the EU proclaims to uphold and promote its values and interests and contribute to the protection of its citizens. The EU has an institutional framework at its disposal, which has the task to promote the EU ‘s values, advance the EU’s objectives, and serve the interests of the EU citizens and Member States, both within and outside Europe. The EU’s legislative organs are the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. The executive organ is the European Council. The European Commission oversees the application of Union law by Member States, and the Court of Justice of the European Union, being the EU’s judicial organ, ensures that Member States correctly apply EU law.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on the European Union. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index code European Union in General and subject heading (keyword) European Union are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

New titles


1. European Union Treaties
European Union Treaties : Treaty on European Union Treaty on the functioning of the European Union / edited by Professor Rudolf Geiger, Professor Daniel-Erasmus Khan, Professor Markus Kotzur ; with contributions by Dr. Dominik Eisenhut, Professor Rudolf Geiger, Sophia Henrich, Professor Daniel-Erasmus Khan, Professor Markus Kotzur, Nadine Lichtblau, Dr. Clemens Richter, Chun-Kyung Paulus Suh, Nikolai Wessendorf, Giannina-Louisa Wille. - München : C.H. Beck ; Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2015. - LXVIII, 1247 pages. ; 25 cm Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Treaty on European Union (Maastricht, 7 February 1992), Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Treaties, Commentaries,

2. The European crisis and the transformation of transnational governance
The European crisis and the transformation of transnational governance : authoritarian managerialism versus democratic governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing, 2014. - XXXI, 423 pages. ; 24 cm Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Economic crisis, Global governance,

3. The Atlantic divide in antitrust
The Atlantic divide in antitrust : an examination of US and EU competition policy / Daniel J. Gifford and Robert T. Kudrle. - Chicago ; London : The University of Chicago Press, 2015. - 313 pages. ; 24 cm Bibliography: page 277-289. - Notes: page 217-275. - With index. - 2015
Keywords: United States of America, European Union, Competition, Cartels and monopolies, Comparative law,

4. EU international relations law
EU international relations law / Panos Koutrakos. - Second edition. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing, 2015. - LXIII, 579 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Modern studies in European law ; volume 52) First edition: 2006. - Bibliography: page 541-568. - With notes and index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, International relations, Trade policy, Common foreign and security policy, Community law and international law,

5. National identity in EU law
National identity in EU law / Elke Cloots. - First edition, Impression: 1. - Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2015. - XXIV, 372 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Oxford studies in European law) Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, National identity, European integration, Community law and municipal law,

6. Improving privacy protection in the area of behavioural targeting
Improving privacy protection in the area of behavioural targeting / Frederik Johannes Zuiderveen Borgesius. - Place of publication not identified : Publisher not identified, 2014. - 488 pages. ; 24 cm Promotor: Prof. dr. N.A.N.M. van Eijk. - Doctoral dissertation at Universiteit van Amsterdam, 2014. - With a summary in Dutch. - References: page 424-478. - With notes. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Privacy, Personal data, Protection, Internet, Advertising, Community law, Theses,

7. Climate Law and Policy in the European Union: Accidental Success or Deliberate Leadership?
Climate Law and Policy in the European Union: Accidental Success or Deliberate Leadership? / Michael Mehling, Kati Kulovesi, and Javier de Cendra. - Dordrecht [etc.] : Springer In: Climate Change and the Law / Erkki J. Hollo, Kati Kulovesi, Michael Mehling, eds., ISBN 9789400754393: (2013) - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Climate change, Environmental policy, European environmental law,

8. Il deficit sistemico nell'Unione europea
Il deficit sistemico nell'Unione europea / Armin von Bogdandy, Michael Ioannidis In: Rivista trimestrale di diritto pubblico = ISSN 0557-1464: (2014), issue 3, page 593-653. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Public law, Rule of law, Democracy,

9. Violazioni del diritto europeo e rimedi nazionali
Violazioni del diritto europeo e rimedi nazionali / Vincenzo Cerulli Irelli In: Rivista trimestrale di diritto pubblico = ISSN 0557-1464: (2014), issue 3, page 657-690. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European administrative law, Administrative law, Community law and municipal law,

10. Le multilinguisme dans le fonctionnement institutionnel de l'Union européenne
Le multilinguisme dans le fonctionnement institutionnel de l'Union européenne / Laetitia Guilloud-Colliat In: Revue du droit public et de la science politique en france et a l'etranger = ISSN 0035-2578: (2014), issue 5 (sep-oct), page 1337-1374. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Institutions and organs, Languages,

11. Three Transformations of Europe and the Search for a Way out of its Crisis
Three Transformations of Europe and the Search for a Way out of its Crisis / Christian Joerges. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 25-46 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 25-46. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, Economic crisis, Democracy, Constitutionalism,

12. The Struggle for Union Rights under the Euro and the Dialectics of Social Integration
The Struggle for Union Rights under the Euro and the Dialectics of Social Integration / Florian Rödl and Raphaël Callsen. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 101-121 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 101-121. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, Social policy, Human rights, Community law,

13. Labout Market Governance in Wake of the Crisis: Reflections and Possibilities
Labout Market Governance in Wake of the Crisis: Reflections and Possibilities / Kerry Rittich. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 123-140 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 123-140. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Economic crisis, Labor, Labour law, Governance,

14. Of Capitalist Nostalgia and Financialisation: Shareholder Primacy in the Court of Justice
Of Capitalist Nostalgia and Financialisation: Shareholder Primacy in the Court of Justice / Harm Schepel. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 143-156 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 143-156. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Shareholders, Financial markets, Economic crisis,

15. External Effects and Legal Constraints of the German "Energiewende": a Search for Sound Responses to European Conflict Constellations
External Effects and Legal Constraints of the German "Energiewende": a Search for Sound Responses to European Conflict Constellations / Carola Glinski. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 157-180 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 157-180. - 2014
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Free movement, Energy, Goods, Community law and municipal law,

16. Re-Embedding EU Governance Fields: a Research Agenda
Re-Embedding EU Governance Fields: a Research Agenda / Jotte Mulder. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 181-198 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 181-198. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Governance,

17. Challenging Executive Dominance in European Democracy
Challenging Executive Dominance in European Democracy / Deirdre Curtin. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 203-226 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 203-226. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Democracy, Foreign policy,

18. A Technocracy of Governing: Power without the State; Power without the Market
A Technocracy of Governing: Power without the State; Power without the Market / Michelle Everson. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 227-243 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 227-243. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European stability mechanism, Financial services, Financial markets, Economic crisis,

19. Deliberative Supranationalism in the Euro Crisis?
Deliberative Supranationalism in the Euro Crisis? : the European Central Bank and the European Council in Times of Conflict / Henning Deters. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 245-268 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 245-268. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Central Bank, European Council, Economic crisis, Monetary policy,

20. Comitology after Lisbon: what is left of Comitology as we have praised it?
Comitology after Lisbon: what is left of Comitology as we have praised it? / Josef Falke. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 271-291 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 271-291. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Committees, Comitology, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007),

21. Risk Regulation, GMOs, and the Challenges to Deliberation in EU Governance: Politicisation and Scientification as Co-Producing Trends
Risk Regulation, GMOs, and the Challenges to Deliberation in EU Governance: Politicisation and Scientification as Co-Producing Trends / Maria Weimer. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 293-313 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 293-313. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Genetically modified organisms, Governance,

22. Experimental Constitutionalism in the EU: Co-ordinating Legal Difference through Mutual Recognition, Mutual Law and Mutual Learning
Experimental Constitutionalism in the EU: Co-ordinating Legal Difference through Mutual Recognition, Mutual Law and Mutual Learning / Joseph Corkin. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 359-382 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 359-382. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Constitutionalism,

23. "Conflicts Law as Europe's Constitutional Form" ... and the Conflict of Social Norms as its Infrastructure
"Conflicts Law as Europe's Constitutional Form" ... and the Conflict of Social Norms as its Infrastructure / Karl-Heinz Ladeur. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 383-396 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 383-396. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Constitutionalism, Methodology,

24. How to make it more complicated again?
How to make it more complicated again? : the European Constitutional Evolution between Kantian and Managerial Mindset / Hauke Brunkhorst. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 397-412 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 397-412. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Constitutional law, Philosophy of law,

25. La procédure de réexamen en droit de l'Union européenne
La procédure de réexamen en droit de l'Union européenne / Romain Rousselot In: Cahiers de droit européen = ISSN 0007-9758: vol. 50, issue 3, page 535-596. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of First Instance of the European Communities, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Appeal, Procedure,

26. A Conceptual Puzzle and its Consequences: Institutional Twinning Equals Technical Assistance?
A Conceptual Puzzle and its Consequences: Institutional Twinning Equals Technical Assistance? / Lovorka Jonic Kapnias In: Scandinavian Studies in Law = ISSN 0085-5944: vol. 60, page 335-365. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Financial and technical aid, International co-operation, Accession,

27. The Rule of Law in Times of Financial Crises
The Rule of Law in Times of Financial Crises : how EU Rule of Law correlates with the Market / Erik O. Wennerström & Åsa Valter In: Scandinavian Studies in Law = ISSN 0085-5944: vol. 60, page 367-403. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Financial markets, Rule of law, Compliance, Economic crisis,

28. Social Security Standards in Europe
Social Security Standards in Europe / Matti Mikkola. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 107-122 In: International Standard-Setting and Innovations in Social Security / edited by Ulrich Becker, Frans Pennings, Tineke Dijkhoff, ISBN 9789041137289: (2013), Page 107-122. - 2013
Keywords: Europe, European Union, European Social Charter (Turin, 18 October 1961), Employment, Social security, Economic, social and cultural rights, International labour law,

29. Language and Culture in EU Law: Introduction and Overview
Language and Culture in EU Law: Introduction and Overview / Susan Šarčević. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 1-14 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 1-14. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Community law and municipal law, Languages, Culture, Translations, Community law, Cultural policy, Linguistic diversity,

30. Law, Language and Multilingualism in Europe: the Call for a New Legal Culture
Law, Language and Multilingualism in Europe: the Call for a New Legal Culture / Michele Graziadei. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 17-31 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 17-31. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Community law and municipal law, Languages, Culture, Translations, Community law, Cultural identity, Legal systems, Linguistic diversity,

31. EU Multilingual Law: Interfaces of Law, Language and Culture
EU Multilingual Law: Interfaces of Law, Language and Culture / Colin Robertson. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 33-52 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 33-52. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Culture, Translations, Community law, Linguistic diversity, Legal systems,

32. A Single Text or a Single Meaning: Multilingual Interpretation of EU Legislation and CJEU Case Law in National Courts
A Single Text or a Single Meaning: Multilingual Interpretation of EU Legislation and CJEU Case Law in National Courts / Mattias Derlén. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 53-72 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 53-72. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Community law and municipal law, Languages, Translations, Interpretation, Legal hermeneutics and legal interpretation, Linguistic diversity, National courts, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Case-law,

33. Comparative Law and the New Frontiers of Legal Translation
Comparative Law and the New Frontiers of Legal Translation / Barbara Pozzo. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 73-87 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 73-87. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Translations, Comparative law, Community law, Unification of law, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Case-law, Linguistic diversity,

34. Theoretical Aspects of Legal Translation in the EU: the Paradoxical Relationship between Language, Translation and the Autonomy of EU Law
Theoretical Aspects of Legal Translation in the EU: the Paradoxical Relationship between Language, Translation and the Autonomy of EU Law / Anne Lise Kjær. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 91-107 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 91-107. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Translations, Autonomy, Community law, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Linguistic diversity,

35. EU Translation and the Burden of Legal Knowledge
EU Translation and the Burden of Legal Knowledge / C.J.W. (Jaap) Baaij. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 109-121 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 109-121. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Translations, Institutions and organs, Community law,

36. Translating EU Legislation from a "Lingua Franca": Advantages and Disadvantages
Translating EU Legislation from a "Lingua Franca": Advantages and Disadvantages / Annarita Felici. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 123-140 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 123-140. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Translations, Cultural policy, Community law,

37. On Quality in EU Multilingual Lawmaking
On Quality in EU Multilingual Lawmaking / Ingemar Strandvik. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 141-165 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 141-165. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Legislative power, Languages, Translations, Cultural policy, Community law, Linguistic diversity,

38. Autonomous EU Concepts: Fact or Fiction?
Autonomous EU Concepts: Fact or Fiction? / Jan Engberg. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 169-181 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 169-181. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Translations, Communications, Community law,

39. Basic Principles of Term Formation in the Multilingual and Multicultural Context of EU Law
Basic Principles of Term Formation in the Multilingual and Multicultural Context of EU Law / Susan Šarčević. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 183-205 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 183-205. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Multicultural society, Languages, Translations, Community law, Linguistic diversity,

40. The Myth of EU Terminology Harmonization on National and EU Level
The Myth of EU Terminology Harmonization on National and EU Level / Maja Bratanić and Maja Lončar. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 207-218 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 207-218. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Translations, Community law and municipal law, Community law, Linguistic diversity, Unification of law,

41. The Way Forward for Court Interpreting in Europe
The Way Forward for Court Interpreting in Europe / Martina Bajčić. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 219-237 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 219-237. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Criminal procedure, Languages, Translations, Interpreters, Community law and municipal law, Community law and international law, European Court of Human Rights, National courts, Directives,

42. La directive 2014/67/UE relative à l'exécution de la directive 96/71/CE concernant le détachement de travailleurs
La directive 2014/67/UE relative à l'exécution de la directive 96/71/CE concernant le détachement de travailleurs : un premier pace dans une bonne direction / Alexandre Defossez In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 50, issue 4, page 833-849. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Temporary employees, Services, Free movement, Directives,

43. En guise d'introduction
En guise d'introduction : la dimension constitutionelle de l'ârrêt "Keck" / Édouard Dubout In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 50, issue 4, page 851-858. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Free movement, Goods, Cases,

44. De l'arrêt "Dassonville" à l'arrêt "Keck et Mithouard"
De l'arrêt "Dassonville" à l'arrêt "Keck et Mithouard" : pour une lecture non fantasmée de la jurisprudence de la Cour de justice / Robert Kovar In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 50, issue 4, page 899-870. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Free movement, Goods, Trade barriers, Exportation and importation, Case-law,

45. Unité en fragmentation de la notion d'entrave
Unité en fragmentation de la notion d'entrave : l'adoption de lápproche "Keck" au-delà de la libre circulation des marchandises / Fabio Spitaleri In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 50, issue 4, page 871-878. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Free movement, Goods, Trade barriers, Cases,

46. Application dans l'espace de la directive 95/46/CE
Application dans l'espace de la directive 95/46/CE : la géographie du droit à l'oubli / Bruno Hardy In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 50, issue 4, page 879-897. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Data protection, Personal data, Privacy, Cases,

47. Are the Bailouts Immune to EU Social Challenge because they are not EU Law?
Are the Bailouts Immune to EU Social Challenge because they are not EU Law? / Claire Kilpatrick In: European Constitutional Law Review = ISSN 1574-0196: vol. 10, issue 3, page 393-421. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Loans, Economic crisis, Government debts, Financial and technical aid, European constitutional law,

48. Decommissioning Direct Democracy?
Decommissioning Direct Democracy? : a Critical Analysis of Commission Decision Making on the Legal Admissibility of European Citizens Initiative Proposals / James Organ In: European Constitutional Law Review = ISSN 1574-0196: vol. 10, issue 3, page 422-443. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Democracy, Legitimacy, Citizenship, Decision-making,

49. The EU's Accession to the European Convention on Human Rights
The EU's Accession to the European Convention on Human Rights : an International Law Perspective / Jed Odermatt In: New York University Journal of International Law and Politics = ISSN 0028-7873: vol. 47, issue 1, page 59-120. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Accession, Community law and international law, Human rights,

50. Zdolność w sferze prawa osób z niepełnosprawnościami intelektualnymi oraz osób z problemami zdrowia psychicznego
Zdolność w sferze prawa osób z niepełnosprawnościami intelektualnymi oraz osób z problemami zdrowia psychicznego : raport Agencji Praw Podstawowych Unii Europejskiej z 2013 r. / Robert Rybski. - Warszawa : Wolters Kluwer. - Page 89-103 In: @Prawa osób z niepełnosprawnością intelektualną lub psychiczną w świetle międzynarodowych instrumentów ochrony praw człowieka / redakcja naukowa Dorota Pudzianowska, ISBN 9788326433153: (2014), Page 89-103. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (New York, 13 December 2006), Invalidity, Mental illness, Ability,

51. Warnings and product liability
Warnings and product liability : lessons learned from cognitive psychology and ergonomics / Sanne Pape. - The Hague : Eleven International Publishing, 2012. - XV, 473 pages. : illustrations. - (Civilologie ; 2) Also published as thesis Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. - Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Consumers, Liability for defective products, Psychology, Community law, E-books,

52. Die Europäische Union und das Rahmenübereinkommen zum Schutz nationaler Minderheiten: ignorieren, parallell "umsetzen" oder gar beitreten?
Die Europäische Union und das Rahmenübereinkommen zum Schutz nationaler Minderheiten: ignorieren, parallell "umsetzen" oder gar beitreten? / Gabriel N. Toggenburg. - Bozen : Europäische Akademie Bozen, 2014. - 29 pages. : illustrations. - (European diversity and autonomy papers ; 04/2014) Includes bibliographical references. - Includes abstract in English. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Framework Convention for the protection of National Minorities [Strasbourg, 1 February 1995], Minorities, Community law and international law, Accession, E-docs,

53. Legal education and judicial training in Europe
Legal education and judicial training in Europe : the menu for justice project report / Daniela Piana, Philip Langbroek, Tomas Bermanas [and others] (project-coordinators and editors). - The Hague : Eleven International Publishing, 2013. - XIII, 292 pages. : illustrations Includes bibliographical references. - 2013
Keywords: Europe, European Union, European Commission, Legal education, Lawyers, Judges, Judicial organisation, E-books,

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New titles


1. European Union Treaties
European Union Treaties : Treaty on European Union Treaty on the functioning of the European Union / edited by Professor Rudolf Geiger, Professor Daniel-Erasmus Khan, Professor Markus Kotzur ; with contributions by Dr. Dominik Eisenhut, Professor Rudolf Geiger, Sophia Henrich, Professor Daniel-Erasmus Khan, Professor Markus Kotzur, Nadine Lichtblau, Dr. Clemens Richter, Chun-Kyung Paulus Suh, Nikolai Wessendorf, Giannina-Louisa Wille. - München : C.H. Beck ; Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing plc, 2015. - LXVIII, 1247 pages. ; 25 cm Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Treaty establishing the European Community (Rome, 25 March 1957), Treaty on European Union (Maastricht, 7 February 1992), Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Treaties, Commentaries,

2. The European crisis and the transformation of transnational governance
The European crisis and the transformation of transnational governance : authoritarian managerialism versus democratic governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing, 2014. - XXXI, 423 pages. ; 24 cm Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Economic crisis, Global governance,

3. The Atlantic divide in antitrust
The Atlantic divide in antitrust : an examination of US and EU competition policy / Daniel J. Gifford and Robert T. Kudrle. - Chicago ; London : The University of Chicago Press, 2015. - 313 pages. ; 24 cm Bibliography: page 277-289. - Notes: page 217-275. - With index. - 2015
Keywords: United States of America, European Union, Competition, Cartels and monopolies, Comparative law,

4. EU international relations law
EU international relations law / Panos Koutrakos. - Second edition. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing, 2015. - LXIII, 579 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Modern studies in European law ; volume 52) First edition: 2006. - Bibliography: page 541-568. - With notes and index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, International relations, Trade policy, Common foreign and security policy, Community law and international law,

5. National identity in EU law
National identity in EU law / Elke Cloots. - First edition, Impression: 1. - Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2015. - XXIV, 372 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Oxford studies in European law) Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, National identity, European integration, Community law and municipal law,

6. Improving privacy protection in the area of behavioural targeting
Improving privacy protection in the area of behavioural targeting / Frederik Johannes Zuiderveen Borgesius. - Place of publication not identified : Publisher not identified, 2014. - 488 pages. ; 24 cm Promotor: Prof. dr. N.A.N.M. van Eijk. - Doctoral dissertation at Universiteit van Amsterdam, 2014. - With a summary in Dutch. - References: page 424-478. - With notes. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Privacy, Personal data, Protection, Internet, Advertising, Community law, Theses,

7. Climate Law and Policy in the European Union: Accidental Success or Deliberate Leadership?
Climate Law and Policy in the European Union: Accidental Success or Deliberate Leadership? / Michael Mehling, Kati Kulovesi, and Javier de Cendra. - Dordrecht [etc.] : Springer In: Climate Change and the Law / Erkki J. Hollo, Kati Kulovesi, Michael Mehling, eds., ISBN 9789400754393: (2013) - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Climate change, Environmental policy, European environmental law,

8. Il deficit sistemico nell'Unione europea
Il deficit sistemico nell'Unione europea / Armin von Bogdandy, Michael Ioannidis In: Rivista trimestrale di diritto pubblico = ISSN 0557-1464: (2014), issue 3, page 593-653. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Public law, Rule of law, Democracy,

9. Violazioni del diritto europeo e rimedi nazionali
Violazioni del diritto europeo e rimedi nazionali / Vincenzo Cerulli Irelli In: Rivista trimestrale di diritto pubblico = ISSN 0557-1464: (2014), issue 3, page 657-690. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European administrative law, Administrative law, Community law and municipal law,

10. Le multilinguisme dans le fonctionnement institutionnel de l'Union européenne
Le multilinguisme dans le fonctionnement institutionnel de l'Union européenne / Laetitia Guilloud-Colliat In: Revue du droit public et de la science politique en france et a l'etranger = ISSN 0035-2578: (2014), issue 5 (sep-oct), page 1337-1374. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Institutions and organs, Languages,

11. Three Transformations of Europe and the Search for a Way out of its Crisis
Three Transformations of Europe and the Search for a Way out of its Crisis / Christian Joerges. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 25-46 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 25-46. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, Economic crisis, Democracy, Constitutionalism,

12. The Struggle for Union Rights under the Euro and the Dialectics of Social Integration
The Struggle for Union Rights under the Euro and the Dialectics of Social Integration / Florian Rödl and Raphaël Callsen. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 101-121 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 101-121. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, Social policy, Human rights, Community law,

13. Labout Market Governance in Wake of the Crisis: Reflections and Possibilities
Labout Market Governance in Wake of the Crisis: Reflections and Possibilities / Kerry Rittich. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 123-140 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 123-140. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Economic crisis, Labor, Labour law, Governance,

14. Of Capitalist Nostalgia and Financialisation: Shareholder Primacy in the Court of Justice
Of Capitalist Nostalgia and Financialisation: Shareholder Primacy in the Court of Justice / Harm Schepel. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 143-156 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 143-156. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Shareholders, Financial markets, Economic crisis,

15. External Effects and Legal Constraints of the German "Energiewende": a Search for Sound Responses to European Conflict Constellations
External Effects and Legal Constraints of the German "Energiewende": a Search for Sound Responses to European Conflict Constellations / Carola Glinski. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 157-180 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 157-180. - 2014
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Free movement, Energy, Goods, Community law and municipal law,

16. Re-Embedding EU Governance Fields: a Research Agenda
Re-Embedding EU Governance Fields: a Research Agenda / Jotte Mulder. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 181-198 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 181-198. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Governance,

17. Challenging Executive Dominance in European Democracy
Challenging Executive Dominance in European Democracy / Deirdre Curtin. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 203-226 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 203-226. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Democracy, Foreign policy,

18. A Technocracy of Governing: Power without the State; Power without the Market
A Technocracy of Governing: Power without the State; Power without the Market / Michelle Everson. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 227-243 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 227-243. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European stability mechanism, Financial services, Financial markets, Economic crisis,

19. Deliberative Supranationalism in the Euro Crisis?
Deliberative Supranationalism in the Euro Crisis? : the European Central Bank and the European Council in Times of Conflict / Henning Deters. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 245-268 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 245-268. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Central Bank, European Council, Economic crisis, Monetary policy,

20. Comitology after Lisbon: what is left of Comitology as we have praised it?
Comitology after Lisbon: what is left of Comitology as we have praised it? / Josef Falke. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 271-291 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 271-291. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Committees, Comitology, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007),

21. Risk Regulation, GMOs, and the Challenges to Deliberation in EU Governance: Politicisation and Scientification as Co-Producing Trends
Risk Regulation, GMOs, and the Challenges to Deliberation in EU Governance: Politicisation and Scientification as Co-Producing Trends / Maria Weimer. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 293-313 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 293-313. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Genetically modified organisms, Governance,

22. Experimental Constitutionalism in the EU: Co-ordinating Legal Difference through Mutual Recognition, Mutual Law and Mutual Learning
Experimental Constitutionalism in the EU: Co-ordinating Legal Difference through Mutual Recognition, Mutual Law and Mutual Learning / Joseph Corkin. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 359-382 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 359-382. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Constitutionalism,

23. "Conflicts Law as Europe's Constitutional Form" ... and the Conflict of Social Norms as its Infrastructure
"Conflicts Law as Europe's Constitutional Form" ... and the Conflict of Social Norms as its Infrastructure / Karl-Heinz Ladeur. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 383-396 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 383-396. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Constitutionalism, Methodology,

24. How to make it more complicated again?
How to make it more complicated again? : the European Constitutional Evolution between Kantian and Managerial Mindset / Hauke Brunkhorst. - Oxford and Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 397-412 In: The European Crisis and the Transformation of Transnational Governance : Authoritarian Managerialism versus Democratic Governance / edited by Christian Joerges and Carola Glinski, ISBN 9781849466325: (2014), Page 397-412. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Constitutional law, Philosophy of law,

25. La procédure de réexamen en droit de l'Union européenne
La procédure de réexamen en droit de l'Union européenne / Romain Rousselot In: Cahiers de droit européen = ISSN 0007-9758: vol. 50, issue 3, page 535-596. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of First Instance of the European Communities, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Appeal, Procedure,

26. A Conceptual Puzzle and its Consequences: Institutional Twinning Equals Technical Assistance?
A Conceptual Puzzle and its Consequences: Institutional Twinning Equals Technical Assistance? / Lovorka Jonic Kapnias In: Scandinavian Studies in Law = ISSN 0085-5944: vol. 60, page 335-365. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Financial and technical aid, International co-operation, Accession,

27. The Rule of Law in Times of Financial Crises
The Rule of Law in Times of Financial Crises : how EU Rule of Law correlates with the Market / Erik O. Wennerström & Åsa Valter In: Scandinavian Studies in Law = ISSN 0085-5944: vol. 60, page 367-403. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Financial markets, Rule of law, Compliance, Economic crisis,

28. Social Security Standards in Europe
Social Security Standards in Europe / Matti Mikkola. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 107-122 In: International Standard-Setting and Innovations in Social Security / edited by Ulrich Becker, Frans Pennings, Tineke Dijkhoff, ISBN 9789041137289: (2013), Page 107-122. - 2013
Keywords: Europe, European Union, European Social Charter (Turin, 18 October 1961), Employment, Social security, Economic, social and cultural rights, International labour law,

29. Language and Culture in EU Law: Introduction and Overview
Language and Culture in EU Law: Introduction and Overview / Susan Šarčević. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 1-14 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 1-14. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Community law and municipal law, Languages, Culture, Translations, Community law, Cultural policy, Linguistic diversity,

30. Law, Language and Multilingualism in Europe: the Call for a New Legal Culture
Law, Language and Multilingualism in Europe: the Call for a New Legal Culture / Michele Graziadei. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 17-31 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 17-31. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Community law and municipal law, Languages, Culture, Translations, Community law, Cultural identity, Legal systems, Linguistic diversity,

31. EU Multilingual Law: Interfaces of Law, Language and Culture
EU Multilingual Law: Interfaces of Law, Language and Culture / Colin Robertson. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 33-52 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 33-52. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Culture, Translations, Community law, Linguistic diversity, Legal systems,

32. A Single Text or a Single Meaning: Multilingual Interpretation of EU Legislation and CJEU Case Law in National Courts
A Single Text or a Single Meaning: Multilingual Interpretation of EU Legislation and CJEU Case Law in National Courts / Mattias Derlén. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 53-72 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 53-72. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Community law and municipal law, Languages, Translations, Interpretation, Legal hermeneutics and legal interpretation, Linguistic diversity, National courts, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Case-law,

33. Comparative Law and the New Frontiers of Legal Translation
Comparative Law and the New Frontiers of Legal Translation / Barbara Pozzo. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 73-87 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 73-87. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Translations, Comparative law, Community law, Unification of law, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Case-law, Linguistic diversity,

34. Theoretical Aspects of Legal Translation in the EU: the Paradoxical Relationship between Language, Translation and the Autonomy of EU Law
Theoretical Aspects of Legal Translation in the EU: the Paradoxical Relationship between Language, Translation and the Autonomy of EU Law / Anne Lise Kjær. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 91-107 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 91-107. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Translations, Autonomy, Community law, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Linguistic diversity,

35. EU Translation and the Burden of Legal Knowledge
EU Translation and the Burden of Legal Knowledge / C.J.W. (Jaap) Baaij. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 109-121 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 109-121. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Translations, Institutions and organs, Community law,

36. Translating EU Legislation from a "Lingua Franca": Advantages and Disadvantages
Translating EU Legislation from a "Lingua Franca": Advantages and Disadvantages / Annarita Felici. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 123-140 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 123-140. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Translations, Cultural policy, Community law,

37. On Quality in EU Multilingual Lawmaking
On Quality in EU Multilingual Lawmaking / Ingemar Strandvik. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 141-165 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 141-165. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Legislative power, Languages, Translations, Cultural policy, Community law, Linguistic diversity,

38. Autonomous EU Concepts: Fact or Fiction?
Autonomous EU Concepts: Fact or Fiction? / Jan Engberg. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 169-181 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 169-181. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Translations, Communications, Community law,

39. Basic Principles of Term Formation in the Multilingual and Multicultural Context of EU Law
Basic Principles of Term Formation in the Multilingual and Multicultural Context of EU Law / Susan Šarčević. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 183-205 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 183-205. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Multicultural society, Languages, Translations, Community law, Linguistic diversity,

40. The Myth of EU Terminology Harmonization on National and EU Level
The Myth of EU Terminology Harmonization on National and EU Level / Maja Bratanić and Maja Lončar. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 207-218 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 207-218. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Languages, Translations, Community law and municipal law, Community law, Linguistic diversity, Unification of law,

41. The Way Forward for Court Interpreting in Europe
The Way Forward for Court Interpreting in Europe / Martina Bajčić. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 219-237 In: Language and Culture in EU Law : Multidisciplinary Perspectives / edited by Susan Šarčević, ISBN 9781472428974: (2015), Page 219-237. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Criminal procedure, Languages, Translations, Interpreters, Community law and municipal law, Community law and international law, European Court of Human Rights, National courts, Directives,

42. La directive 2014/67/UE relative à l'exécution de la directive 96/71/CE concernant le détachement de travailleurs
La directive 2014/67/UE relative à l'exécution de la directive 96/71/CE concernant le détachement de travailleurs : un premier pace dans une bonne direction / Alexandre Defossez In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 50, issue 4, page 833-849. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Temporary employees, Services, Free movement, Directives,

43. En guise d'introduction
En guise d'introduction : la dimension constitutionelle de l'ârrêt "Keck" / Édouard Dubout In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 50, issue 4, page 851-858. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Free movement, Goods, Cases,

44. De l'arrêt "Dassonville" à l'arrêt "Keck et Mithouard"
De l'arrêt "Dassonville" à l'arrêt "Keck et Mithouard" : pour une lecture non fantasmée de la jurisprudence de la Cour de justice / Robert Kovar In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 50, issue 4, page 899-870. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Free movement, Goods, Trade barriers, Exportation and importation, Case-law,

45. Unité en fragmentation de la notion d'entrave
Unité en fragmentation de la notion d'entrave : l'adoption de lápproche "Keck" au-delà de la libre circulation des marchandises / Fabio Spitaleri In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 50, issue 4, page 871-878. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Free movement, Goods, Trade barriers, Cases,

46. Application dans l'espace de la directive 95/46/CE
Application dans l'espace de la directive 95/46/CE : la géographie du droit à l'oubli / Bruno Hardy In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 50, issue 4, page 879-897. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Data protection, Personal data, Privacy, Cases,

47. Are the Bailouts Immune to EU Social Challenge because they are not EU Law?
Are the Bailouts Immune to EU Social Challenge because they are not EU Law? / Claire Kilpatrick In: European Constitutional Law Review = ISSN 1574-0196: vol. 10, issue 3, page 393-421. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Loans, Economic crisis, Government debts, Financial and technical aid, European constitutional law,

48. Decommissioning Direct Democracy?
Decommissioning Direct Democracy? : a Critical Analysis of Commission Decision Making on the Legal Admissibility of European Citizens Initiative Proposals / James Organ In: European Constitutional Law Review = ISSN 1574-0196: vol. 10, issue 3, page 422-443. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Democracy, Legitimacy, Citizenship, Decision-making,

49. The EU's Accession to the European Convention on Human Rights
The EU's Accession to the European Convention on Human Rights : an International Law Perspective / Jed Odermatt In: New York University Journal of International Law and Politics = ISSN 0028-7873: vol. 47, issue 1, page 59-120. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Accession, Community law and international law, Human rights,

50. Zdolność w sferze prawa osób z niepełnosprawnościami intelektualnymi oraz osób z problemami zdrowia psychicznego
Zdolność w sferze prawa osób z niepełnosprawnościami intelektualnymi oraz osób z problemami zdrowia psychicznego : raport Agencji Praw Podstawowych Unii Europejskiej z 2013 r. / Robert Rybski. - Warszawa : Wolters Kluwer. - Page 89-103 In: @Prawa osób z niepełnosprawnością intelektualną lub psychiczną w świetle międzynarodowych instrumentów ochrony praw człowieka / redakcja naukowa Dorota Pudzianowska, ISBN 9788326433153: (2014), Page 89-103. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (New York, 13 December 2006), Invalidity, Mental illness, Ability,

51. Warnings and product liability
Warnings and product liability : lessons learned from cognitive psychology and ergonomics / Sanne Pape. - The Hague : Eleven International Publishing, 2012. - XV, 473 pages. : illustrations. - (Civilologie ; 2) Also published as thesis Erasmus Universiteit Rotterdam. - Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Consumers, Liability for defective products, Psychology, Community law, E-books,

52. Die Europäische Union und das Rahmenübereinkommen zum Schutz nationaler Minderheiten: ignorieren, parallell "umsetzen" oder gar beitreten?
Die Europäische Union und das Rahmenübereinkommen zum Schutz nationaler Minderheiten: ignorieren, parallell "umsetzen" oder gar beitreten? / Gabriel N. Toggenburg. - Bozen : Europäische Akademie Bozen, 2014. - 29 pages. : illustrations. - (European diversity and autonomy papers ; 04/2014) Includes bibliographical references. - Includes abstract in English. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Framework Convention for the protection of National Minorities [Strasbourg, 1 February 1995], Minorities, Community law and international law, Accession, E-docs,

53. Legal education and judicial training in Europe
Legal education and judicial training in Europe : the menu for justice project report / Daniela Piana, Philip Langbroek, Tomas Bermanas [and others] (project-coordinators and editors). - The Hague : Eleven International Publishing, 2013. - XIII, 292 pages. : illustrations Includes bibliographical references. - 2013
Keywords: Europe, European Union, European Commission, Legal education, Lawyers, Judges, Judicial organisation, E-books,

Librarian's choice

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  • Steiner, J., L. Woods and P. Watson, Steiner and Woods EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Steiner, J., L. Woods and P. Watson, Steiner and Woods EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Steiner & Woods EU law is fully updated and revised to reflect the latest case law and debates in EU law including new discussion of Pringle and the Eurozone crisis and the accession of Croatia to the EU. The book features extensively revised and restructured coverage of competition law and enforcement, includes substantially revised chapters on citizenship and discrimination, taking account of the fast-moving case law in these areas. The book features additional case detail and improved presentation of key facts and judgments. Now in its twelfth edition, Steiner & Woods EU Law is rightfully regarded as one of the best and most trusted EU law textbooks available. The book includes a well-balanced range of topics for students taking an EU law course at any level. It offers a careful blend of institutional and substantive coverage and focuses on explaining the law clearly for student readers, as well as raising areas of debate to inform class discussion and essays.The case detail is clearly sign-posted throughout the text, including excerpts from leading judgements, while diagrams distil complex tests and procedures to visually represent the workings of the EU. End of chapter reading suggestions plus a detailed bibliography provide a helpful starting point for essay preparation and independent research. The book is accompanied by a free Online Resource Centre (www.oxfordtextbooks.co.uk/orc/steiner_woods12e/).

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  • Klamert, M., The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Klamert, M., The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Despite its seemingly innocuous wording, in what is now Article 4 (3) TEU, the principle of loyalty has had a significant impact in deepening the reach of EU law within the Member States. The duty of sincere cooperation has been interpreted strongly by the European Courts as imposing serious duties on States to give strong effect to European legal acts. The principle has been central to the development of Union law since the 1960s, and is still being relied on by the European Court of Justice to often-controversial effect. Providing a thorough discussion of the principle of loyalty in EU law, this book introduces a novel classification of the very diverse roles loyalty plays in the EU. It distinguishes between the effects loyalty prescribes for interlocking the legal orders of the Member States with Union law, its application in preventing and resolving conflicts between the Union and the Member States, and the loyalty principle’s role in the shaping of EU law. It addresses important and yet unresolved questions pertaining to loyalty, such as its relation to the principles of solidarity, pre-emption, the Union interest, institutional balance, and the unity of international representation. The book explains why loyalty has been neglected in the prevailing narratives about the foundational case law of the European Court of Justice, and highlights its central importance to understanding EU public law.

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  • Glencross, A., The Politics of European Integration : Political Union or a House Divided?, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    Glencross, A., The Politics of European Integration : Political Union or a House Divided?, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    This book is a systematic, up-to-date exploration of the politics of European integration that includes balanced coverage of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Union. The book examines European integration as a contested political process that continues to divide and inspire nations, citizens, and politicians.  The book also provides students with the analytical tools to consider why the EU functions as it currently does, whether the EU is sufficiently democratic, the politics behind EU legislation, debates over foreign policy, proposals for institutional reform, and the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis. Finally the book brings together the latest scholarly research from comparative politics, international relations, law, and democratic theory.

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  • Lenaerts, K., Maselis, I., Gutman, K., EU Procedural law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Lenaerts, K., Maselis, I., Gutman, K., EU Procedural law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    The European Union is unique amongst international organisations in that it has a highly developed and coherent system of judicial protection. The rights derived from Union law can be enforced in court, as opposed to other international organisations whereby enforceability is often far less certain. At the heart of the system of judicial protection in the European Union is the core principle of upholding the rule of law. As such, the stakes are high in the sense that the system of the judicial protection in the European Union must live up to its promise in which ndividuals, Member States and Union institutions are all guaranteed a route by which to enforce Union law rights. This book provides a rigorously structured analysis of the EU system of judicial protection and procedure before the Union courts. It examines the role and the competences of the Union courts and the types of actions that may be brought before them, such as the actions for infringement, annulment, and failure to act, as well as special forms of procedure, for example interim relief, appeals, and staff cases. In doing so, special attention is given to the fields of EU competition law and State aid. In addition it evaluates the relationship between the Court of Justice and the national courts through the preliminary ruling procedure and the interplay between EU law and the national procedural frameworks generally. Throughout, it takes account of significant institutional developments, including the relevant changes brought by the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and the amendments to the Statute of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the Rules of Procedure of the Court of Justice and the General Court.

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  • Jacob, M., Precedents and Case-based Reasoning in the European Court of Justice : Unfinished Business, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Jacob, M., Precedents and Case-based Reasoning in the European Court of Justice : unfinished Business, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Past cases are the European Court of Justice’s most prominent tool in making and justifying the rulings and decisions which affect the everyday lives of more than half a billion people. Marc Jacob’s detailed analysis of the use of precedents and case-based reasoning in the Court uses methods such as doctrinal scholarship, empirical research, institutional analysis, comparative law and legal theory in order to unravel and critique the how and why of the court’s precedent technique. In doing so, he moves the wider debate beyond received ‘common law’ versus ‘civil law’ figments and ‘Eurosceptic’ versus ‘Euromantic’ battle lines, and also provides a useful blueprint for assessing and comparing the case law practices of other dispute resolution bodies.

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  • Hobolt, S.B., Tilley, J., Blaming Europe? : Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Hobolt, S.B., Tilley, J., Blaming Europe? : Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    A key component of democratic accountability is that citizens understand ‘who is to blame’. Nonetheless, little is known about how citizens attribute responsibility in the European Union or how those perceptions of responsibility matter. This book presents the first comprehensive account of how citizens assign blame to the EU, how politicians and the media attempt to shift blame and finally, how it matters for electoral democracy. Based on rich and unique data sources, Blaming Europe? sheds light on all three aspects of responsibility in the EU. First, it shows that while institutional differences between countries shape citizen judgements of EU responsibility, those judgements are also highly determined by pre-existing attitudes towards the EU. Second, it demonstrates that neither politicians nor the media assign much blame to the EU. Third, it establishes that regardless of whether voters are capable of accurately assigning responsibility, they are not able to hold their EU representatives to account via the ballot box in European elections due to the lack of an identifiable ‘European government’ to reward or punish. As a consequence, when citizens hold the EU responsible for poor performance, but are unable to sanction an EU incumbent, they lose trust in the EU as a whole instead. In conclusion, it argues that this ‘accountability deficit’ has significant implications for the future of the European Union.

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  • Peers, S., Harvey, T. Kenner, J. and A. Ward (eds), The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights : a Commentary, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, Hart Publishing, 2014.

    Peers, S., Harvey, T. Kenner, J. and A. Ward (eds), The Eu charter of fundamental rights : a commentary, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, Hart Publishing, 2014.

    The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union enshrines the key political, social and economic rights of EU citizens and residents in EU law. In its present form it was approved in 2000 by the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the European Commission. However its legal status remained uncertain until the entry into
    force of the Treaty of Lisbon in December 2009. The Charter obliges the EU to act and legislate consistently with the Charter, and enables the EU’s courts to strike down EU legislation which contravenes it. The Charter applies to EU Member States when they are implementing EU law but does not extend the competences of the EU beyond the competences given to it in the treaties. This Commentary on the Charter, the first in English, written by experts from several EU Member States, provides an authoritative but succinct statement of how the Charter impacts upon EU, domestic and international law. Following the conventional article-by-article approach, each commentator offers an expert view of how each article is either already being interpreted in the courts, or is likely to be interpreted. Each commentary is referenced to the case law and is augmented with extensive references to further reading. Six cross-cutting introductory chapters explain the Charter’s institutional anchorage, its relationship to the Fundamental Rights Agency, its interaction with other parts of international human rights law, the enforcement mechanisms, extraterritorial scope, and the all-important ‘Explanations’.

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  • Dörr, O. (Hrsg.), Staatshaftung in Europa : nationales und Unionsrecht, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2014.

    Dörr, O. (Hrsg.), Staatshaftung in Europa : nationales und Unionsrecht, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2014.

    This reference work provides a systematic presentation of the liability systems in EU member states for the first time. Similarities and differences between EU states’ various legal systems are presented and also explained in terms of Union Law. In addition, approaches to establishing a uniform state liability law in the future are outlined. This work includes, on the one hand, more than twenty reports about the state liability systems in the individual member states; on the other hand, comprehensive specialized report explain the entire European context and present comparative conclusions on the individual specialized topics. Based on the synopsis of the state liability systems together with the current state of Union liability as developed in case law, the law on state liability in the EU is extensively analyzed and its capability to develop based on general legal principles is defined.

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Database

EUR-Lex provides free access to European Union law and other documents considered to be public. The collection  include  treaties, international agreements, legislation in force, preparatory acts, case-law and parliamentary questions.

The European e-Justice Portal implemented by the Commission in very close cooperation with EU countries, provides a wealth of information and links on laws and practices in all EU countries. The resources range from information on legal aid, judicial training, European small claims and videoconferencing to links to legal databases, online insolvency and land registers. It also includes user-friendly forms for various judicial proceedings, such as the European order for payment. The portal benefits citizens, businesses, lawyers and judges with cross-border legal questions and boosts mutual understanding of different legal systems by contributing to the creation of a single European area of justice.

Blogs

  • The Data Retention Saga: Dutch Court Declared National Data Retention Law Invalid!

    On March 11, 2015, the district court of The Hague in the Netherlands declared the country’s 2009 Telecommunications Data Retention Act invalid. This decision was a foreseeable effect because of a previous judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union concerning the annulment of the European Directive on data retention on April 8, 2014. It seems now that European Member States are starting to face the consequences of that annulment. The cause of this is the fact that the European judgement did not automatically make national data retention legislation invalid. I will briefly discuss the case of the Dutch national data retention law.

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  • A Soul for Europe

    There is sincere doubt as to whether it will ever be possible to define the European Union. It depends on the perspective of the beholder, which she or he is likely to conclude about the nature of the Union. The present blogger tends to simultaneously agree and disagree with the authors. He concedes that the perspective from which one investigates the European Union, may determine to a large extent the conclusions which that person is likely to draw. The purpose of this blog is to describe the Union from various perspectives in a number of different ways.

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  • The Eurasian Economic Union as a Geopolitical and Economic Counterweight to the European Union: the Case of Armenia

    The Eurasian Economic Union is the next step in Eurasian economic integration. It will function as a common market with a customs union and has the aim of providing the free movement of goods, services, capital and workforce and conducting common policies in key economic sectors, such as energy and agriculture. The EEU was established in 2014 between Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia. A the treaty to enlarge the EEU by including Armenia was signed in October. In this blog we’ll discuss the main reasons for Armenia to join the EEU instead of choosing the path of closer cooperation with the European Union.

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  • The Identity of the European Union

    The question concerning the nature of the EU has been one of the most contested political and academic issues of the last fifty years. From the outset, the debate about European integration has been dominated by the dilemma as to whether the project should result in the emergence of a sovereign state of Europe or in the formation of a Europe of sovereign states. This line of thought leads to the suggestion that, anno 2014, the identity of the EU may be described with the following words: the EU is a Union of citizens and member states which functions as a common democracy.

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  • European Court of Justice Clarification of the Research and Private Study Exception to Copyright Infringement for Libraries

    On Thursday 11 September 2014, the European Court of Justice ruled on the meaning of the research and private study exception to copyright infringement for libraries, educational establishments, museums and archives. The Court decided that libraries are allowed to digitise books and make them available to the public at e-reading points within its vicinity, without the author’s permission. The judgment was issued in Case C-117/13, Technische Universität Darmstadt v Eugen Ulmer KG.

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  • Connecting Habermas with International Law

    The financial crisis has intensified the debate about the feasibility of the European Union as a new phenomenon in international law. In his essay ‘On Europe’s Constitution’, philosopher Jürgen Habermas underlines that he regards the EU as a step in the direction of a politically constituted world order. In an 2012 interview Habermas focuses on the conceptual challenges of the EU by asking the quintessential question: How should we imagine a for closer co-operation necessary, supranational association which complies with stringent demands of democratic legitimacy without assuming the shape of a state?

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  • ECJ Judgment: Private Copying Levy Cannot Include Copies Made from Unlawful Sources!

    The European Court of Justice has been pretty busy the past weeks. On Tuesday, April 8th 2014, the Court has declared the Data Retention Directive invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. On Thursday, April 10th 2014, the Court has given its verdict on a complicated Dutch case involving the home-copying exception of European copyright legislation, and the associated use of copyright levies on blank media.

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  • The Origins of EU and EMU: Towards a Post-Westphalian Paradigm

    The theoretical hallmark of the European Union is its flexible approach to sovereignty. According to the Westphalian system of international relations which forms the prevailing paradigm in international law and lies at the heart of the organisation of the United Nations, sovereignty is one and indivisible. States are sovereign and without sovereignty there is no State. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, Philosopher of Law, Director of Euroknow and Creator of the Boardgame Eurocracy.

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  • Exit Data Retention Directive: a Victory for Privacy in Europe!

    Last Tuesday, April 8, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Data Retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC, 15 March 2006) invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. In the view of the Court, the requirement in the Data Retention Directive for mobile operators and internet service providers to retain data interfered in a “particularly serious manner with the fundamental rights to respect for private life and to the protection of personal data”.

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  • Europe: Backwards or Forwards?

    In an apocalyptic essay, written at the height of the euro-crisis in 2012, Joseph Weiler predicted that the European Union will turn on its member-states in a similar way as the Golem of Prague persecuted its creators in the 16th century. The author paves the way for this conclusion by attributing a dimension of ‘political messianism’ to the statements of the founding fathers, which turns the Schuman-declaration into a roadmap to ‘the Promised Land’. As messianic narratives are doomed to collapse, the European project is set to disappoint and alienate the populace as well. Consequently, the EU creates the conditions for its own destruction.

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  • Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

    For decades, the process of European integration has been hampered by the predominance of the Westphalian system of international relations. According to this system, which owes its name to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the process of European integration had to result either in the creation of a federal European state or in the establishment of a confederal union of states. Founded in 1992, the EU defied the Westphalian paradigm from the outset.

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  • Ukraine, Moving East or West?

    Although Yanukovych has claimed many times to seek good ties with Russia and the EU simultaneously, it seems that by refusing to sign the Association Agreement (AA) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU last November, the power balance is tipping towards Russia. As an alternative to further EU integration, Russia has been actively promoting Ukraine to join the Russian-led Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, which in the future could progress towards a further integrated Eurasian Union.

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  • Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    The Italian banker and politician Padoa-Schioppa used to describe Great-Britain as the Venice of Europe. Drawing a comparison between the Italian unification in the 19th century and the present process of European integration, Padoa-Schioppa suggested that the UK is and will remain as reluctant to give up the pound in favour of euro as Venice has been to join the Italian lira. The implication of the comparison is, of course, that, however grudgingly, in the end the UK will accept the common European currency as well.

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  • The European Union as a Common Democracy

    As a young democracy the EU urgently needs to strengthen its legitimacy and accountability. The transition from a traditional union of nation states to a polity of citizens and member states requires a fundamental adjustment of governance structures. The primordial challenge for the coming decades is therefore to address the democratic deficit and to turn the EU into a living democracy.

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  • A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    On June 28th 2011 Peter Kooijmans participated in a conference about the place of the EU in international law, which was held in the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace under the auspices of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and the Carnegie Foundation. According to a blog on this website, one of the participants started the debate on the presumption that ‘the EU is a thing for which lawyers have no name’.

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  • Cameron and the Intricacies of the Westphalian System of International Relations

    In his long-awaited speech on Europe British Prime Minister David Cameron criticised the EU for its lack of democracy. PM Cameron is right insofar as the citizens of the EU can’t elect their own European government and miss the power to vote their leaders out of office. However, Cameron’s criticism would only be justified if the EU were to be considered as a sovereign state like the UK, France or Germany.

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  • The EU and the Nobel Peace Prize: Who will say thank you?

    European Council President Herman Van Rompuy or Jose-Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission or Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament? Together they will fly to Oslo on December 10 to represent the main institutions of the EU at the acceptance ceremony for the Nobel Peace Prize 2012.

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  • The Novelty of the EU

    For decades, the debate about the future of the European Union has been dominated by the dilemma whether the EU was to become a federal state or should establish itself as a union of states. After the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, however, it may be suggested that the deadlock in the debate about the finalité politique has been broken. The gist of this blog is to argue that the Lisbon Treaty construes the EU as a democracy without turning the Union into a state. This conclusion can be underpinned as follows.

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  • Internet governance 2012: Who should control the Internet?

    In the last twenty years, the Internet has had a tremendous impact on society and the term “Internet governance” was introduced. At first it was mainly used to describe the technical management of the Internet such as domain names and internet protocols. Nowadays governance refers to questions like “Do we all accept our responsibilities to safeguard the continued development of the Internet as a global, open and safe virtual environment? and Who sets the rules? In this blog I will give a few highlights of the current developments of internet governance on an International and (as well as on) an European level.

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  • The EU as a democratic polity in international law

    On June 28, 2011 a conference was held about The European Union (hereafter EU) as a Polity in International Law at the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference was held at the initiative of Mr. Jaap Hoeksma, Director of Euroknow. This initiative was supported by Dr P. H. Kooijmans, Prof Dr L-J Brinkhorst, Dr W.F. van Eekelen, Dr W.van Gerven and Dr Th. van Boven.

    The theme of the conference was the legal status of the European Union and its relationship with international law.From its inception, the main goal of the European Union and its integration in the legal as well as political systems of the Member states has been faced with conceptual problems regarding the final goal of the establishment of the European Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss whether the Lisbon Treaty has overcome the problems by constructing the EU as a democratic polity without turning the Union into a state. If so, what are the consequences for the place of the EU as a polity in international law and for its role in international relations?

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  • European nuclear safety after the Japanese Fukushima disaster

    On Friday 11 March 2011, Japan was struck by a devastating earthquake and tsunami, also known as the Tōhoku earthquake. Japan’s nuclear crisis that was caused by the earthquake and tsunami has so far evoked many questions and worries about the safety of nuclear energy just like the Chernobyl disaster evoked responses in the 1980s. It raises questions about the possible impact of nuclear energy industry on safety and health. Several European countries have discussed the use of nuclear energy and safety measures or have temporarily shut down nuclear reactors since the Japanese earthquake of 11 March 2011.

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  • International and European criminal measures on intellectual property rights

    On October 2, 2010, the 11th and final round of the negotiations for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was concluded successfully in Tokyo, Japan. The Government of Japan hosted the negotiations. Participants in the negotiations included Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) – represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the [...]

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  • Roma Rights in the European Union.

    In July 2010, The French government decided to begin to expel Roma’s, mainly from Romania and Bulgaria, as many of them were living in France illegally. This decision caused much controversy within the Institutions of the EU. This blog will briefly discuss in what way EU institutions have responded to recent Roma issues and what can be done to improve the position of this marginalized community in Europe.

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  • EU Enlargement Strategy and Progress Reports 2009

    On 14 October 2009 the European Commission adopted its annual strategy document explaining its policy on EU enlargement. The document includes also a summary of the progress made over the last twelve months by each candidate and potential candidate: Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, [...]

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  • The European Union’s ‘ContraFake’ policy

    Counterfeiting, which represents 5 to 7% of world trade, has implications on the competitiveness of EU companies, on jobs and on the health and security of EU citizens. László Kovác, European Commissioner in charge of Taxation and Customs Union, states his vision on the fight against counterfeiting as follows. ‘Customs have a vital role [...]

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See also

More Research guides on International Organizations and Relations

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