European Union

Introduction

Europe unie construit la paix

In 2012, the European Union (EU) received the Nobel Peace Prize for its decades-long contribution to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. When the first steps towards supranational cooperation were made in the aftermath of World War II, primarily targeted at preventing the rearmament of Germany, the Founding Fathers of the European integration could never have imagined this outcome in their wildest dreams. Over the years, the supranational cooperation would widen – from the original European Communities and deepen – from the originally almost purely economically inspired Communities to the current Union with a say in almost all areas of national competence. At the same time, problems with the Euro have plunged the EU in one of the biggest crises since its inception. This challenges lawmakers to tackle difficult questions about the continued existence of the Euro and the future direction of the European integration project.
Promotion of peace is one the objective of the European integration project but also the well-being of the peoples, and the promotion of certain common values: respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. The EU also aims to offer European citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers, and an economically healthy and sustainable internal market. The EU also developed a common foreign and security policy. In its relations with the wider world, the EU proclaims to uphold and promote its values and interests and contribute to the protection of its citizens. The EU has an institutional framework at its disposal, which has the task to promote the EU ‘s values, advance the EU’s objectives, and serve the interests of the EU citizens and Member States, both within and outside Europe. The EU’s legislative organs are the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. The executive organ is the European Council. The European Commission oversees the application of Union law by Member States, and the Court of Justice of the European Union, being the EU’s judicial organ, ensures that Member States correctly apply EU law.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on the European Union. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index code European Union in General and subject heading (keyword) European Union are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Articles

Documents

 Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

 

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1. Mainstreaming human rights in EU CSDP missions
Mainstreaming human rights in EU CSDP missions : a transversal analysis / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor). - Valencia : Low Cost Books, 2012. - 567 pages. ; 24 cm Includes bibliographical references. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Peacekeeping, Conflict management, Civil-military relations, Rule of law, Human rights,

2. Europarechtlicher Rahmen einer steuerlichen Förderung von Forschung und Entwicklung
Europarechtlicher Rahmen einer steuerlichen Förderung von Forschung und Entwicklung / Christian Kniese. - Frankfurt am Main : PL Academic Research, 2013. - XXIII, 236 pages. ; 22 cm. - (Finanz- und Steuerrecht in Deutschland und Europa, ISSN 1863-141X ; Band 21) Originally dissertation Universität Mainz, 2013. - Bibliography: page 213-236. - With notes. - 2013
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Scientific research, Financial resources, Fiscal law, Community law and municipal law, Theses,

3. Die gleichmässige Gewährleistung des Rechts auf Verteidigerbeistand
Die gleichmässige Gewährleistung des Rechts auf Verteidigerbeistand : eine Voraussetzung der gegenseitigen Anerkennung strafrechtlicher Gerichtsentscheidungen in Europa / Allan Plekksepp. - Berlin : Duncker & Humblot ; Freiburg i. Br. : Max-Planck-Institut, 2012. - XXX, 519 pages. ; 23 cm. - (Schriftenreihe des Max-Planck-Instituts für ausländisches und internationales Strafrecht. Reihe S, Strafrechtliche Forschungsberichte, ISSN 1860-0093 ; Band S 131) Originally dissertation at Albert-Ludwigs-Universität, Freiburg, 2009/2010. - Bibliography: page 501-519. - With notes. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European criminal procedure, Recognition and enforcement of penal sentences, Accused, Legal aid, Fair administration of justice, Criminal procedure, Comparative criminal law, Theses,

4. The interface between competition and the internal market
The interface between competition and the internal market : market separation under article 102 TFEU / Vasiliki Brisimi. - Oxford ; Portland, OR : Hart Publishing, 2014. - XXXII, 239 pages. : illustrations. ; 24 cm. - (Hart studies in competition law ; volume 9) Bibliography: page 219-236. - With notes and index. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Competition, European integration, Abuse of a dominant position,

5. Europa als sicherheitspolitischer Akteur
Europa als sicherheitspolitischer Akteur / Michael Staack, Dan Krause (Hrsg.). - Opladen ; Berlin : Toronto : Verlag Barbara Budrich, 2014. - 312 pages. ; 22 cm. - (Schriftenreihe des Wissenschaftlichen Forums für Internationale Sicherheit e. V. (WIFIS) ; Band 31) Bibliography: p. 224-232. - With references. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, European neighbourhood policy, European security,

6. Aux origines de la diplomatie européenne
Aux origines de la diplomatie européenne : les neuf et la Coopération politique européenne de 1973 à 1980 / Maria Gainar. - Bruxelles : P.I.E. Peter Lang, 2012. - 642 pages. ; 22 cm. - (Euroclio. Etudes et documents, ISSN 0944-2294 ; no. 64) Revision of the doctoral thesis at Université de Strasbourg, 2011. - Bibliography: page 581-619. - With notes and index. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Economic co-operation, Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe, Political co-operation, Diplomacy, Common security and defence policy,

7. Droit social européen et international
Droit social européen et international / Sylvie Hennion, Muriel Le Barbier-Le Bris, Marion Del Sol. - 2e édition mise à jour. - Paris : Presses Universitaires de France, 2013. - XX, 504 pages. ; 22 cm. - (Thémis. Droit, ISSN 0768-0910) First edition: 2010. - General bibliography: page 503-504. - With bibliographies, notes and index. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, International Labour Organization, Social law, Labour law, Community law, International labour law, Manuals,

8. Steiner & Woods EU law
Steiner & Woods EU law / Lorna Woods and Philippa Watson. - Twelfth edition. - Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2014. - CX, 721 pages. ; 25 cm Title on spine: EU law. - Originally published as: Textbook on EEC law / Josephine Steiner. - London : Blackstone, 1988. - With references and index. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Institutions and organs, Community law, Community law and municipal law, Manuals,

9. EU social and employment law
EU social and employment law / Philippa Watson. - Second edition. - Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2014. - XXXIX, 465 pages. ; 26 cm First edition: 2009. - With notes and index. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Social policy, Employees, Social law, Community law and municipal law, Social security, Equal pay, Labour law,

10. Die Sicherheits- und Verteidigungspolitik der Europäischen Union nach dem Vertrag von Lissabon
Die Sicherheits- und Verteidigungspolitik der Europäischen Union nach dem Vertrag von Lissabon / Hans-Georg Ehrhart. - Opladen ; Berlin : Toronto : Verlag Barbara Budrich. - Page 25-48 In: Europa als sicherheitspolitischer Akteur / Michael Staack, Dan Krause (Hrsg.), ISBN 3847400525: (2014), Page 25-48. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, European security, Community law, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007),

11. Zur Operationalisierung der GSVP
Zur Operationalisierung der GSVP : Strukturen - Verfahren - Verbesserungen / Jochen Rehrl. - Opladen ; Berlin : Toronto : Verlag Barbara Budrich. - Page 147-163 In: Europa als sicherheitspolitischer Akteur / Michael Staack, Dan Krause (Hrsg.), ISBN 3847400525: (2014), Page 147-163. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, European security,

12. Foundations of EU Food Law and Policy
Foundations of EU Food Law and Policy : Introduction / Alberto Alemanno. - Farnham : Ashgate. - Page 1-14 In: Foundations of EU Food Law and Policy : ten Years of the European Food Safety Authority / edited by Alberto Alemanno, Simone Gabbi, ISBN 9781409467212: (2014), Page 1-14. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Food Authority, Food safety, Food, Community law,

13. The Genesis of EFSA and the first 10 Years of EU Food Law
The Genesis of EFSA and the first 10 Years of EU Food Law / David Byrne. - Farnham : Ashgate. - Page 17-22 In: Foundations of EU Food Law and Policy : ten Years of the European Food Safety Authority / edited by Alberto Alemanno, Simone Gabbi, ISBN 9781409467212: (2014), Page 17-22. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Food Authority, Food, Community law, Food safety,

14. EFSA the Respondent: a View from the Court of Justice of the European Union
EFSA the Respondent: a View from the Court of Justice of the European Union / Caoimhin MacMaoláin. - Farnham : Ashgate. - Page 221-233 In: Foundations of EU Food Law and Policy : ten Years of the European Food Safety Authority / edited by Alberto Alemanno, Simone Gabbi, ISBN 9781409467212: (2014), Page 221-233. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Food Authority, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Court of First Instance of the European Communities, Food safety, Action for annulment, Compensation for damage,

15. Ten Years of EU Food Law: an Industry Perspective
Ten Years of EU Food Law: an Industry Perspective / Roberto Ciati. - Farnham : Ashgate. - Page 255-261 In: Foundations of EU Food Law and Policy : ten Years of the European Food Safety Authority / edited by Alberto Alemanno, Simone Gabbi, ISBN 9781409467212: (2014), Page 255-261. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Food Authority, Food safety, Independence, Third parties,

16. A Yankee in King Arthur's Court: a Lawyer's Perspective of EFSA
A Yankee in King Arthur's Court: a Lawyer's Perspective of EFSA / Luis González Vaqué and Sebastián Romero Melchor. - Farnham : Ashgate. - Page 279-294 In: Foundations of EU Food Law and Policy : ten Years of the European Food Safety Authority / edited by Alberto Alemanno, Simone Gabbi, ISBN 9781409467212: (2014), Page 279-294. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Food Authority, Food safety, Community law, Health,

17. Rule of Science: a Food Law Professor's Perspective
Rule of Science: a Food Law Professor's Perspective / Bernd van der Meulen and Rozita Spirovska Vaskoska. - Farnham : Ashgate. - Page 295-310 In: Foundations of EU Food Law and Policy : ten Years of the European Food Safety Authority / edited by Alberto Alemanno, Simone Gabbi, ISBN 9781409467212: (2014), Page 295-310. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Food Authority, Food safety, Community law, Science,

18. EFSA in the International Arena: caught in a Legal Straightjacket - or Performing an Autonomous Role?
EFSA in the International Arena: caught in a Legal Straightjacket - or Performing an Autonomous Role? / Martijn Groenleer and Simone Gabbi. - Farnham : Ashgate. - Page 331-346 In: Foundations of EU Food Law and Policy : ten Years of the European Food Safety Authority / edited by Alberto Alemanno, Simone Gabbi, ISBN 9781409467212: (2014), Page 331-346. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Food Authority, Food safety, Community law, International organizations, International relations,

19. The European Food Safety Authority in Global Food Safety Governance: a Participant, a Benchmark, and a Model
The European Food Safety Authority in Global Food Safety Governance: a Participant, a Benchmark, and a Model / Ching-Fu Lin. - Farnham : Ashgate. - Page 347-362 In: Foundations of EU Food Law and Policy : ten Years of the European Food Safety Authority / edited by Alberto Alemanno, Simone Gabbi, ISBN 9781409467212: (2014), Page 347-362. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Food Authority, Food safety, Community law, Codex alimentarius,

20. Responsabilidad civil extracontractual y subrogación del asegurador en la Unión Europea

21. European Collective Redress: a Status Quaestionis
European Collective Redress: a Status Quaestionis / Stefaan Voet In: International Journal of Procedural Law = ISSN 2034-5275: vol. 4, issue 1, page 97-128. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Class actions, Member states, Comparative law, Law of european civil procedure, Law of civil procedure,

22. La tutela supraindividual en el Derecho de la Unión
La tutela supraindividual en el Derecho de la Unión / Bernardo Hernández Bataller. - Madrid : Consejo General del Poder Judicial, Centro de Documentación Judicial. - Page 25-46 In: Libro homenaje a Dámaso Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer / directores, Carlos R. Fernández Liesa, Carlos J. Moreiro González, Eduardo Menéndez Rexach, ISBN 9788492596423: (2011), Page 25-46. - 2011
Keywords: Spain, European Union, Class actions, Reparation for damage, Consumption, Consumers, Protection, Community law and municipal law,

23. Algunas sombras en la ciudadanía europea
Algunas sombras en la ciudadanía europea / José Luis Gil Ibáñez. - Madrid : Consejo General del Poder Judicial, Centro de Documentación Judicial. - Page 47-65 In: Libro homenaje a Dámaso Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer / directores, Carlos R. Fernández Liesa, Carlos J. Moreiro González, Eduardo Menéndez Rexach, ISBN 9788492596423: (2011), Page 47-65. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Citizenship, Nationality,

24. La aplicación de la Carta de los Derechos Funda de la Unión Europea por las instituciones de la Unión Europea
La aplicación de la Carta de los Derechos Funda de la Unión Europea por las instituciones de la Unión Europea / Lucía Millán Moro. - Madrid : Consejo General del Poder Judicial, Centro de Documentación Judicial. - Page 85-109 In: Libro homenaje a Dámaso Ruiz-Jarabo Colomer / directores, Carlos R. Fernández Liesa, Carlos J. Moreiro González, Eduardo Menéndez Rexach, ISBN 9788492596423: (2011), Page 85-109. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Institutions and organs, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Human rights, Community law,

25. Nanomaterials as Priority Substances under the Water Framework Directive
Nanomaterials as Priority Substances under the Water Framework Directive / Catherine Ganzleben and Steffen Foss Hansen In: ELNI Review = ISSN 1618-2502: (2012). - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Nanotechnology, Chemical pollution, Water pollution, Water management, Water quality, water quantity, Water, Water Framework Directive,

26. Water Services and why a Broad Definition under the WFD is needed to ensure the Polluter pays Principle
Water Services and why a Broad Definition under the WFD is needed to ensure the Polluter pays Principle / Sarolta Tripolszky In: ELNI Review = ISSN 1618-2502: (2012). - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Water management, Water use, Water quality, water quantity, Water pollution, Water, Natural resources, Utilities, Polluter pays principle, Water Framework Directive,

27. Legitimacy and EU Criminal Law Regulation
Legitimacy and EU Criminal Law Regulation / Thomas Elholm. - Farnham : Ashgate. - Pages 71-86 In: Legitimacy and Trust in Criminal Law, Policy and Justice : Norms, Procedures, Outcomes / edited by Nina Pers̆ak, ISBN 9781472426048: (2014), Pages 71-86. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European criminal law, Principles, Legitimacy,

28. Mutual Recognition in EU Criminal Law and Its Effects on the Role of a National Judge
Mutual Recognition in EU Criminal Law and Its Effects on the Role of a National Judge / Anz̆e Erbez̆nik. - Farnham : Ashgate. - Pages 131-151 In: Legitimacy and Trust in Criminal Law, Policy and Justice : Norms, Procedures, Outcomes / edited by Nina Pers̆ak, ISBN 9781472426048: (2014), Pages 131-151. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Justice and home affairs, European criminal procedure, Recognition and enforcement of penal sentences, Community law and municipal law, Judicial organisation,

29. Flaws and Contradictions in the Mutual Trust and Recognition Discourse: Casting a Shadow on the Legitimacy of EU Criminal Policy Making and Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters?
Flaws and Contradictions in the Mutual Trust and Recognition Discourse: Casting a Shadow on the Legitimacy of EU Criminal Policy Making and Judicial Cooperation in Criminal Matters? / Gert Vermeulen. - Farnham : Ashgate. - Pages 153-175 In: Legitimacy and Trust in Criminal Law, Policy and Justice : Norms, Procedures, Outcomes / edited by Nina Pers̆ak, ISBN 9781472426048: (2014), Pages 153-175. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Justice and home affairs, European criminal procedure, Judicial assistance, Legitimacy,

30. European Deposit Insurance and Resolution in the Banking Union
European Deposit Insurance and Resolution in the Banking Union / Daniel Gros and Dirk Schoenmaker In: Journal of Common Market Studies = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 3, page 529-546. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, European Central Bank, Banks, Insurances, Assets, Risks,

31. Actorness beyond the European Union: Comparing the International Trade Actorness of SADC and ECOWAS
Actorness beyond the European Union: Comparing the International Trade Actorness of SADC and ECOWAS / Merran Hulse In: Journal of Common Market Studies = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 3, page 547-565. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Southern African Development Community, Economic Community of West African States, International trade,

32. European Governance and the European Parliament: from Talking Shop to Legislative Powerhouse
European Governance and the European Parliament: from Talking Shop to Legislative Powerhouse / Manfred Kohler In: Journal of Common Market Studies = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 3, page 600-615. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Parliament, Governance,

33. Structure, Capacity or Power?
Structure, Capacity or Power? : Explaining Salience in EU Decision-Making / Dirk Leuffen, Thomas Malang and Sebastian Wörle In: Journal of Common Market Studies = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 3, page 616-631. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Decision-making, Theory,

34. Who are the Europeans?
Who are the Europeans? : European Identity outside of European Integration / Kaija E. Schilde In: Journal of Common Market Studies = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 3, page 650-667. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, National identity, European integration,

35. Classifying Secrets in the EU
Classifying Secrets in the EU / David Galloway In: Journal of Common Market Studies = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 3, page 668-683. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Secrecy, National security,

36. The Lisbon Treaty and the Future of European Immigration and Asylum Law
The Lisbon Treaty and the Future of European Immigration and Asylum Law / Helen Toner. - Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press. - Pages 14-40 In: EU Migration Law : Legal Complexities and Political Rationales / edited by Loïc Azoulai and Karin de Vries, ISBN 9780198708537: (2014), Pages 14-40. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Great Britain, Migration, Immigration law, Immigration, Asylum, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Community law, Community law and municipal law,

37. The Politics of Irregular Migration
The Politics of Irregular Migration / Christina Boswell. - Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press. - Pages 41-68 In: EU Migration Law : Legal Complexities and Political Rationales / edited by Loïc Azoulai and Karin de Vries, ISBN 9780198708537: (2014), Pages 41-68. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Illegal immigrants, Migration, Immigration law, Immigration, Asylum, Refugees, Community law, Community law and municipal law,

38. Migration Policy and EU External Relations
Migration Policy and EU External Relations / Bernd Martenczuk. - Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press. - Pages 69-105 In: EU Migration Law : Legal Complexities and Political Rationales / edited by Loïc Azoulai and Karin de Vries, ISBN 9780198708537: (2014), Pages 69-105. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Migration, Immigration law, Immigration, Asylum, Refugees, Community law, Community law and municipal law, Common foreign and security policy,

39. Which Borders for the EU Immigration Policy?
Which Borders for the EU Immigration Policy? : Yardsticks of International Protection for EU Joint Borders Management / Seline Trevisanut. - Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press. - Pages 106-148 In: EU Migration Law : Legal Complexities and Political Rationales / edited by Loïc Azoulai and Karin de Vries, ISBN 9780198708537: (2014), Pages 106-148. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Borders, Frontex, Immigration law, Immigration, Asylum, Refugees, Community law, Community law and municipal law, Common foreign and security policy,

40. Integration of Immigrants in EU Law and Policy: Challenges to Rule of Law, Exceptions to Inclusion
Integration of Immigrants in EU Law and Policy: Challenges to Rule of Law, Exceptions to Inclusion / Sergio Carrera. - Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press. - Pages 149-187 In: EU Migration Law : Legal Complexities and Political Rationales / edited by Loïc Azoulai and Karin de Vries, ISBN 9780198708537: (2014), Pages 149-187. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Integration, Rule of law, Immigration law, Immigration, Asylum, Refugees, Community law, Community law and municipal law,

41. Analysing European Case-Law on Migration: Options for Critical Lawyers
Analysing European Case-Law on Migration: Options for Critical Lawyers / Thomas Spijkerboer. - Oxford, United Kingdom : Oxford University Press. - Pages 188-218 In: EU Migration Law : Legal Complexities and Political Rationales / edited by Loïc Azoulai and Karin de Vries, ISBN 9780198708537: (2014), Pages 188-218. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Migration, Case-law, Immigration law, Immigration, Asylum, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Community law and municipal law, Community law and international law, European Court of Human Rights,

42. A propósito de un elemento esencial de la defensa de la competencia en Europa
A propósito de un elemento esencial de la defensa de la competencia en Europa : las facultades de investigación de la comisión en materia de inspección / Jesús Alfonso Soto Pineda In: Foro : revista de ciencas jurídicas y sociales = ISSN 1698-5583: vol. 16, issue 1, page 165-212. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Competition, Inspection, Self-accusation,

43. Energías renovables y medio ambiente
Energías renovables y medio ambiente : casos en que entran en conflicto y soluciones jurisprudenciales en los ámbitos del TS y del Tjue / Javier Muñoz-Blanco Garcia, Fernando González Botija In: Foro : revista de ciencas jurídicas y sociales = ISSN 1698-5583: vol. 16, issue 1, page 277-297. - 2013
Keywords: Spain, European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Supreme court, Renewable energy resources, Environmental protection, Biodiversity, Judgments,

44. Breaking Up is hard to do: the Interconnection Problem in Financial Markets and Financial Regulation, a European (Banking) Union Perspective
Breaking Up is hard to do: the Interconnection Problem in Financial Markets and Financial Regulation, a European (Banking) Union Perspective / Caroline Bradley In: Texas International Law Journal = ISSN 0163-7479: vol. 49, issue 2, page 271-295. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Economic crisis, Government debts, Financial markets, Financial services, Banks, Regulation,

45. Sovereign-Debt Restructuring in Europe under the New Model Collective Action Clauses
Sovereign-Debt Restructuring in Europe under the New Model Collective Action Clauses / Christian Hofmann In: Texas International Law Journal = ISSN 0163-7479: vol. 49, issue 2, page 385-443. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Government debts, Insolvency, Credit, Finances, Loans, Bonds,

46. Kooperation zwischen nationalen und europäischen Gerichten

47. Die Sperrwirkung im Europarecht
Die Sperrwirkung im Europarecht / von Jonathan Bauerschmidt In: Europarecht = ISSN 0531-2485: vol. 49, issue 3, page 277-297. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Jurisdiction, Municipal courts, Community law and municipal law, European integration, Primacy,

48. Durfte das Bundesverfassungsgericht die Drei-Prozent-Hürde bei der Europawahl überprüfen? - Eine Bestimmung des Kooperationsverhältnisses zwischen Bundesverfassungsgericht und Europäischem Gerichtshof in Bezug auf die Überprüfung von Sperrklauseln bei der Europawahl
Durfte das Bundesverfassungsgericht die Drei-Prozent-Hürde bei der Europawahl überprüfen? - Eine Bestimmung des Kooperationsverhältnisses zwischen Bundesverfassungsgericht und Europäischem Gerichtshof in Bezug auf die Überprüfung von Sperrklauseln bei der Europawahl / von Thomas Felten In: Europarecht = ISSN 0531-2485: vol. 49, issue 3, page 298-320. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Germany, Constitutional law, Constitutional Court, Community law and municipal law, Democracy, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Electoral law, European Parliament,

49. Das Verbot der monetären Haushaltsfinanzierung in Art. 123 Abs. 1 AEUV - eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme
Das Verbot der monetären Haushaltsfinanzierung in Art. 123 Abs. 1 AEUV - eine kritische Bestandsaufnahme / von Christopher Mensching In: Europarecht = ISSN 0531-2485: vol. 49, issue 3, page 333-345. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Budgets, Finances, Government debts, European Central Bank, Community law, Community law and municipal law, Reform, Monetary policy, Economic crisis,

50. "Stop big business drafting our laws" - Am Beispiel der Entstehungsgeschichte der Securities Law Directive
"Stop big business drafting our laws" - Am Beispiel der Entstehungsgeschichte der Securities Law Directive / von Rowina Ullner In: Europarecht = ISSN 0531-2485: vol. 49, issue 3, page 346-364. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Securities, Directives, European Commission, Consultation, Community law, Community law and municipal law,

51. Die Entwicklung der Brüssel I-Verordnung im Dialog des Europäischen Gerichtshofs mit dem Gesetzgeber
Die Entwicklung der Brüssel I-Verordnung im Dialog des Europäischen Gerichtshofs mit dem Gesetzgeber / von Koen Lenaerts und Thilo Stapper, Luxemburg In: Rabels Zeitschrift fur Auslandisches und Internationales Privatrecht = The Rabel Journal of Comparative and International Private Law = ISSN 0033-7250: vol. 78, issue 2, page 252-293. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters [Brussels, 22 December 2000], Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Court of Justice of the European Communities, Case-law, Law of european civil procedure,

52. The Governance Approach in European Union Environmental Directives and its Consequences for Flexibility, Efffectiveness and Legitimacy
The Governance Approach in European Union Environmental Directives and its Consequences for Flexibility, Efffectiveness and Legitimacy / Saskia van Holten and Marleen van Rijswick. - Cheltenham, UK ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 13-47 In: EU Environmental Legislation / edited by Marjan Peeters, Rosa Uylenburg, ISBN 9781781954768: (2014), Page 13-47. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Environmental protection, European environmental law, Community law, Community law and municipal law, Climate change, Directives, Governance, Water Framework Directive,

53. Seeking Coherence among Environmental Directives
Seeking Coherence among Environmental Directives / Barbara Beijen. - Cheltenham, UK ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 70-87 In: EU Environmental Legislation / edited by Marjan Peeters, Rosa Uylenburg, ISBN 9781781954768: (2014), Page 70-87. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Environmental protection, European environmental law, Community law, Community law and municipal law, Climate change, Environmental policy, Directives,

54. Limits to Integration in Pollution Prevention and Control
Limits to Integration in Pollution Prevention and Control / Frans Oosterhuis and Marjan Peeters. - Cheltenham, UK ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 91-115 In: EU Environmental Legislation / edited by Marjan Peeters, Rosa Uylenburg, ISBN 9781781954768: (2014), Page 91-115. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Environmental protection, European environmental law, Community law, Community law and municipal law, Climate change, European integration, Directives, Environmental pollution, Prevention,

55. Everything According to Plan?
Everything According to Plan? : Acieving Environmental Quality Standards by a Programmatic Approach / Frank Groothuijse and Rosa Uylenburg. - Cheltenham, UK ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 116-145 In: EU Environmental Legislation / edited by Marjan Peeters, Rosa Uylenburg, ISBN 9781781954768: (2014), Page 116-145. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, The Netherlands, European environmental law, Community law, Community law and municipal law, Climate change, Environmental protection, Directives, Emissions,

56. Obligations of Result or Best Efforts: Dealing with Problems of Interpretation
Obligations of Result or Best Efforts: Dealing with Problems of Interpretation / Jasper van Kempen. - Cheltenham, UK ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 146-172 In: EU Environmental Legislation / edited by Marjan Peeters, Rosa Uylenburg, ISBN 9781781954768: (2014), Page 146-172. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Water Framework Directive, European environmental law, Community law, Community law and municipal law, Climate change, Environmental protection, Directives,

57. Instrument Mix or Instrument Mess?
Instrument Mix or Instrument Mess? : the Administrative Complexity of the EU Legislative Package for Climate Change / Marjan Peeters. - Cheltenham, UK ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 173-192 In: EU Environmental Legislation / edited by Marjan Peeters, Rosa Uylenburg, ISBN 9781781954768: (2014), Page 173-192. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European environmental law, Community law, Community law and municipal law, Climate change, Environmental protection, Directives, Emissions,

58. In Search of a European Legislative Approach to Adaption to Climate Change
In Search of a European Legislative Approach to Adaption to Climate Change / Andrea Keesen. - Cheltenham, UK ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 193-210 In: EU Environmental Legislation / edited by Marjan Peeters, Rosa Uylenburg, ISBN 9781781954768: (2014), Page 193-210. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European environmental law, Community law, Community law and municipal law, Climate change, Environmental protection, Directives, Emissions,

59. Integration of the Human Rights Component into the EU Military Operation (EUFOR-Althea) an EU Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUPM): Report of a Field Mission
Integration of the Human Rights Component into the EU Military Operation (EUFOR-Althea) an EU Police Mission in Bosnia and Herzegovina (EUPM): Report of a Field Mission / Fidelma Donlon. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 23-66 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 23-66. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Peacekeeping, Conflict management, Yugoslav wars (1989-1999), Common foreign and security policy, Human rights, Police,

60. EU Operations within the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: EUFOR Concordia, EUPOL Proxima and EUPAT
EU Operations within the Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia: EUFOR Concordia, EUPOL Proxima and EUPAT / Israel Biel Portero. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 67-85 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 67-85. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Yugoslav wars (1989-1999), Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management,

61. European Union Police Mission in Kinshasa (DRC)
European Union Police Mission in Kinshasa (DRC) / Matthias Vanhullebusch. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 89-103 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 89-103. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Congo (Kinshasa), Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management, North Atlantic Treaty Organization,

62. European Union Police Mission in the Palestinian Territories
European Union Police Mission in the Palestinian Territories / Matthias Vanhullebusch. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 105-120 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 105-120. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Palestine, Israel, Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management, Arab-Israeli conflict, Occupied Arab territories, Criminal justice,

63. European Union Police Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo
European Union Police Mission in the Democratic Republic of Congo / Matthias Vanhullebusch. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 121-135 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 121-135. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Congo (Kinshasa), African Union, Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management, Peacekeeping, United Nations,

64. EU Mission to Provide Advice and Assistance for Security Sector Reform in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
EU Mission to Provide Advice and Assistance for Security Sector Reform in the Democratic Republic of the Congo / Matthias Vanhullebusch. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 137-152 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 137-152. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Congo (Kinshasa), Security sector reform, Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management, Human rights, Strategy,

65. EU Police Mission in Afghanistan
EU Police Mission in Afghanistan / Clara Rey Sánchez. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 153-185 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 153-185. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Afghanistan, Police, Reform, Conflict management, Human rights, Gender, Taliban, Common foreign and security policy,

66. European Union Mission in Support of Security Sector Reform in Guinea-Bissau
European Union Mission in Support of Security Sector Reform in Guinea-Bissau / Matthias Vanhullebusch. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 187-198 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 187-198. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Guinea-Bissau, Security sector reform, Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management, Human rights,

67. EU Somalia Training Mission
EU Somalia Training Mission / Faria Medjouba. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 199-202 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 199-202. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Somalia, Human rights, Gender, Conflict management, Peacebuilding, Security sector reform, Common foreign and security policy,

68. EU Military Operation in the Democratic Republic of Congo
EU Military Operation in the Democratic Republic of Congo / Matthias Vanhullebusch. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 205-216 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 205-216. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Congo (Kinshasa), Human rights, Gender, Conflict management, Humanitarian assistance, Security sector reform, Common foreign and security policy, Peacekeeping,

69. EU Support to the African Union's Enhanced Mission to Sudan
EU Support to the African Union's Enhanced Mission to Sudan / Matthias Vanhullebusch. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 217-231 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 217-231. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Sudan, African Union, Human rights, Conflict management, Humanitarian assistance, Security sector reform, Common foreign and security policy, Peacekeeping,

70. EU Military Operation in Support of the UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) during the Election Process
EU Military Operation in Support of the UN Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) during the Election Process / Matthias Vanhullebusch. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 233-245 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 233-245. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Congo (Kinshasa), Elections, Parliaments, Politics, Countries in transition, Democracy, Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management,

71. EU Military Operation in the Republic of Chad and in the Central African Republic
EU Military Operation in the Republic of Chad and in the Central African Republic / Matthias Vanhullebusch. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 247-260 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 247-260. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Chad, Central African Republic, Conflict management, Common foreign and security policy, Humanitarian assistance, Internally displaced persons, Refugees,

72. EU Counter-piracy Naval Operation off the Coast of Somalia (EUNAVFOR-Somalia)
EU Counter-piracy Naval Operation off the Coast of Somalia (EUNAVFOR-Somalia) / Faria Medjouba. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 261-281 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 261-281. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Somalia, Piracy, Humanitarian assistance, Common foreign and security policy, International peace and security, Peacekeeping, Maritime security, Internally displaced persons,

73. EU Rule of Law Mission in Georgia
EU Rule of Law Mission in Georgia / Milena Costas Trascasas. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 285-302 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 285-302. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Georgia, Rule of law, Criminal justice, Reform, Conflict management, !241125529,

74. EU Integrated Rule of Law Mission for Iraq (EUJUST LEX-Iraq): the Challenge of Staying when Others Leave
EU Integrated Rule of Law Mission for Iraq (EUJUST LEX-Iraq): the Challenge of Staying when Others Leave / Alberto-Delfín Arrufat Cárdava. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 303-322 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 303-322. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Iraq, Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management, Rule of law, Human rights, Government, Politics,

75. EU Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo
EU Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo / Alejandra Videla. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 323-349 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 323-349. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Kosovo, Rule of law, Criminal justice, Reform, Conflict management, Peacekeeping, Common foreign and security policy, Human rights,

76. Succes or Failures in the Integration of a Human Rights Component in the EU Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo: Report of a Field Mission
Succes or Failures in the Integration of a Human Rights Component in the EU Rule of Law Mission in Kosovo: Report of a Field Mission / Consuelo Navarro Susino. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 351-375 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 351-375. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Kosovo, Rule of law, Conflict management, Common foreign and security policy, Human rights, Internally displaced persons, Refugees,

77. Aceh Monitoring Mission
Aceh Monitoring Mission / Matthias Vanhullebusch. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 379-392 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 379-392. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Indonesia, Atjeh, Conflict management, Common foreign and security policy, Peacebuilding, Human rights,

78. EU Border Assistance Mission at Rafah Crossing Point in the Palestinian Territories
EU Border Assistance Mission at Rafah Crossing Point in the Palestinian Territories / Matthias Vanhullebusch. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 393-404 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 393-404. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Palestine, Israel, Conflict management, Common foreign and security policy, Arab-Israeli conflict, Borders, Security,

79. EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM Georgia)
EU Monitoring Mission in Georgia (EUMM Georgia) / Milena Costas Trascasas. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 405-428 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 405-428. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Russian Federation, Georgia, South Ossetia, Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management, Human rights,

80. EU Border Assistance Mission to the Republic Moldava and Ukraine
EU Border Assistance Mission to the Republic Moldava and Ukraine / Hela Ben Hadj M'barek and Clara Rey Sánchez. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 429-447 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 429-447. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Moldova, Ukraine, Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management, Borders, Security, Human trafficking, Human rights,

81. Transversal Analysis on the Integration of the Human Rights Component and Recommendations
Transversal Analysis on the Integration of the Human Rights Component and Recommendations / Milena Costas Trascasas. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 451-485 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 451-485. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management, Rule of law, Human rights, Code of conduct, Integration,

82. Clarifying Mechanisms and Procedures for Accountablity in Case of Violations
Clarifying Mechanisms and Procedures for Accountablity in Case of Violations / Clara Rey Sánchez. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 487-493 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 487-493. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Accountability, International humanitarian law, Human rights, Use of force, Compensation for damage, Victims, International responsibility, Individual responsibility,

83. Transversal Analysis on Rule of Law Missions
Transversal Analysis on Rule of Law Missions / Ainhoa Uribe Otalora. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 495-516 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 495-516. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Rule of law, Conflict management, Human rights, Humanitarian assistance,

84. Transversal Analysis on Gender Component
Transversal Analysis on Gender Component / Ruth Abril Stoffels. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 517-542 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 517-542. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Gender, Human rights, Equality, Detention, Deprivation of liberty,

85. Human Rights Component of EU-Led Missions: the Case of Persons Deprived of their Liberty
Human Rights Component of EU-Led Missions: the Case of Persons Deprived of their Liberty / Susana Sanz Caballero. - Valencia : Low Cost Books. - Page 543-559 In: Mainstreaming Human Rights in EU CSDP Missions / Milena Costas Trascasas (coordinator and editor), ISBN 9788494043673: (2012), Page 543-559. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Human rights, Deprivation of liberty, Detention,

86. Fighting Terrorism through the Common Foreign and Security Policy
Fighting Terrorism through the Common Foreign and Security Policy / Christophe Hillion. - Leiden : Brill Nijhoff. - Pagina 75-95 In: EU Management of Global Emergencies / edited by Inge Govaere and Sara Poli, ISBN 9789004268326: (2014), Pagina 75-95. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Terrorism, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007),

87. The Powers of Council Concerning the Emergency of International Terrorism after the Judgment in Case C-130/10 Parliament v. Council
The Powers of Council Concerning the Emergency of International Terrorism after the Judgment in Case C-130/10 Parliament v. Council / Jenő Czuczai. - Leiden : Brill Nijhoff. - Pagina 97-110 In: EU Management of Global Emergencies / edited by Inge Govaere and Sara Poli, ISBN 9789004268326: (2014), Pagina 97-110. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, Security Council, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Terrorism, Community law and international law, Cases,

88. L'Union fait la Force: Making the Most of the Solidarity Clause (Article 222 TFEU)
L'Union fait la Force: Making the Most of the Solidarity Clause (Article 222 TFEU) / Steven Blockmans. - Leiden : Brill Nijhoff. - Pagina 111-135 In: EU Management of Global Emergencies / edited by Inge Govaere and Sara Poli, ISBN 9789004268326: (2014), Pagina 111-135. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Solidarity, Community law,

89. The EU's Competence in the Field of Civil Protection (Article 196, paragraph 1, a-c TFEU)
The EU's Competence in the Field of Civil Protection (Article 196, paragraph 1, a-c TFEU) / Florika Fink-Hooijer. - Leiden : Brill Nijhoff. - Pagina 137-145 In: EU Management of Global Emergencies / edited by Inge Govaere and Sara Poli, ISBN 9789004268326: (2014), Pagina 137-145. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Humanitarian assistance, Protection of civilian persons, Foreign policy,

90. Securing Consular Protection of the EU Citizens Abroad: what Role for the EU?
Securing Consular Protection of the EU Citizens Abroad: what Role for the EU? / Madalina Moraru. - Leiden : Brill Nijhoff. - Pagina 147-193 In: EU Management of Global Emergencies / edited by Inge Govaere and Sara Poli, ISBN 9789004268326: (2014), Pagina 147-193. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Diplomatic protection, Citizenship,

91. Emergencies, Crises and Threats in the EU: what Role for the Court of Justice of the European Union
Emergencies, Crises and Threats in the EU: what Role for the Court of Justice of the European Union / Sara Poli. - Leiden : Brill Nijhoff. - Pagina 195-217 In: EU Management of Global Emergencies / edited by Inge Govaere and Sara Poli, ISBN 9789004268326: (2014), Pagina 195-217. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Conflict management, Terrorism, Economic crisis, European stability mechanism, Community law and international law, Cases,

92. The Euro Crisis and the Democratic Principle
The Euro Crisis and the Democratic Principle / Giacomo Biagioni. - Leiden : Brill Nijhoff. - Pagina 219-248 In: EU Management of Global Emergencies / edited by Inge Govaere and Sara Poli, ISBN 9789004268326: (2014), Pagina 219-248. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Member states, European Economic and Monetary Union, Economic crisis, Institutions and organs, Government debts, Monetary policy, Governance, Democracy,

93. The Fight against Terror and the Space of Individual Freedom: a (Classic) Word of Caution
The Fight against Terror and the Space of Individual Freedom: a (Classic) Word of Caution / Michal Bobek. - Leiden : Brill Nijhoff. - Pagina 261-274 In: EU Management of Global Emergencies / edited by Inge Govaere and Sara Poli, ISBN 9789004268326: (2014), Pagina 261-274. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Terrorism, Security, Community law,

94. EU Governance of the Threat of Piracy Off the Coast of Somalia
EU Governance of the Threat of Piracy Off the Coast of Somalia / Bibi van Ginkel. - Leiden : Brill Nijhoff. - Pagina 337-357 In: EU Management of Global Emergencies / edited by Inge Govaere and Sara Poli, ISBN 9789004268326: (2014), Pagina 337-357. - 2014
Keywords: Somalia, European Union, Piracy, Maritime security, Common foreign and security policy,

95. Directing the Disjointed: a Call to Harmonize EU Franchise Law
Directing the Disjointed: a Call to Harmonize EU Franchise Law / Robert W. Emerson In: International Journal of Franchising Law = ISSN 1741-7392: vol. 12, issue 1, page 41-46. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Franchising,

96. De Erfrechtverordening
De Erfrechtverordening / Pia Lokin In: Nederlands internationaal privaatrecht = ISSN 0167-7594: vol. 31, issue 3, page 329-337. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Estate, Wills, Law of succession, European private law,

97. Le Droit Public et Privé en Droit de l'Union Européenne
Le Droit Public et Privé en Droit de l'Union Européenne / Irena Pelikánová In: Revue européenne de droit public = ISSN 1105-1590: vol. 24, issue 3, page 997-1013. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Public law, Private law, Community law,

98. A Critical Outlook in the European Union: the Issue of Immigration in Greece
A Critical Outlook in the European Union: the Issue of Immigration in Greece / Christina M. Akrivopoulou In: Revue européenne de droit public = ISSN 1105-1590: vol. 24, issue 4, page 1419-1441. - 2012
Keywords: Greece, European Union, Immigration, Human rights, Refugees, Economic crisis, Community law and municipal law,

99. Geharmoniseerde Europese normen: de New Approach van de Europese Unie en de zoektocht naar legitimiteit
Geharmoniseerde Europese normen: de New Approach van de Europese Unie en de zoektocht naar legitimiteit / Pieter-Jan Van de Weyer In: Tijdschrift voor bestuurswetenschappen en publiekrecht = ISSN 0040-7437: vol. 69, issue 4-5, page 333-352. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Unification of law, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), European private law, Community law,

100. The EU in Crisis
The EU in Crisis : advancing the Debate / Jale Tosun, Anne Wetzel, Galina Zapryanova In: Journal of European Integration = ISSN 0703-6337: vol. 36, issue 3, page 195-211. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Economy, Economic crisis, Euro, European integration, Public opinion, Democracy,

101. The Unexpected Winner of the Crisis
The Unexpected Winner of the Crisis : the European Commission's Strengthened Role in Economic Governance / Michael W. Bauer, Stefan Becker In: Journal of European Integration = ISSN 0703-6337: vol. 36, issue 3, page 213-229. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Economy, Governance, Economic crisis,

102. "We no longer love you, but we don't want to leave you"
"We no longer love you, but we don't want to leave you" : the Eurozone Crisis and Popular Eurosceptism in Greece / Ben Clements, Kyriaki Nanou, Susannah Verney In: Journal of European Integration = ISSN 0703-6337: vol. 36, issue 3, page 247-265. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Greece, Economy, Economic crisis, Euro, European integration, Public opinion, Politics,

103. "Beggars can't be Choosers"
"Beggars can't be Choosers" : the European Crisis and Chinese Direct Investment in the European Union / Sophie Meunier In: Journal of European Integration = ISSN 0703-6337: vol. 36, issue 3, page 283-302. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, China, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties, Foreign direct investment, Economic crisis,

104. European Integration in the Euro Crisis
European Integration in the Euro Crisis : the Limits of Postfunctionalism / Frank Schimmelfennig In: Journal of European Integration = ISSN 0703-6337: vol. 36, issue 3, page 321-337. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Economic crisis, European integration, Euro,

105. Financial Supervision
Financial Supervision / Ellís Ferran. - Oxford : Oxford University Press. - Page 16-34 In: Europe and the Governance of Global Finance / edited by Daniel Mügge, ISBN 9780199683963: (2014), Page 16-34. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Financial markets, Financial services, Economic crisis, Control,

106. Money Laundering
Money Laundering / Eleni Tsingou. - Oxford : Oxford University Press. - Page 141-155 In: Europe and the Governance of Global Finance / edited by Daniel Mügge, ISBN 9780199683963: (2014), Page 141-155. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Money laundering,

107. Offshore Financial Centres
Offshore Financial Centres / Duncan Wigan. - Oxford : Oxford University Press. - Page 156-171 In: Europe and the Governance of Global Finance / edited by Daniel Mügge, ISBN 9780199683963: (2014), Page 156-171. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development, Tax havens, Tax evasion, Global governance,

108. Macroprudential Regulation
Macroprudential Regulation / Andrew Baker. - Oxford : Oxford University Press. - Page 172-187 In: Europe and the Governance of Global Finance / edited by Daniel Mügge, ISBN 9780199683963: (2014), Page 172-187. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, European Central Bank, Financial markets, Financial services, Regulation,

109. "Fondamentali" economico-sociali e trasformazioni della dimensione giuridica
"Fondamentali" economico-sociali e trasformazioni della dimensione giuridica : relazione introduttiva / Orlando Roselli. - Torino : G. Giappichelli Editore. - Page 3-12 In: Crisi economica e trasformazioni della dimensione giuridica : la costituzionalizzazione del pareggio di bilancio tra internazionalizzazione economica, processo di integrazione europea e sovranità nazionale / a cura di Raffaele Bifulco e Orlando Roselli ; scritti di Raffaele Bifulco, Antonio Brancasi e altri, ISBN 9788834893258: (2013), Page 3-12. - 2013
Keywords: Italy, European Union, Economic crisis, Community law and municipal law,

110. Cultura costituzionale e trasformazioni economico-sociali: l'esperienza del novecento
Cultura costituzionale e trasformazioni economico-sociali: l'esperienza del novecento / Maurizio Fioravanti. - Torino : G. Giappichelli Editore. - Page 13-23 In: Crisi economica e trasformazioni della dimensione giuridica : la costituzionalizzazione del pareggio di bilancio tra internazionalizzazione economica, processo di integrazione europea e sovranità nazionale / a cura di Raffaele Bifulco e Orlando Roselli ; scritti di Raffaele Bifulco, Antonio Brancasi e altri, ISBN 9788834893258: (2013), Page 13-23. - 2013
Keywords: Italy, European Union, Economic crisis, Economic, social and cultural rights, Constitutional law, Community law and municipal law,

111. La crisi tra liberalizzazioni e processi di "governance"
La crisi tra liberalizzazioni e processi di "governance" / Maria Rosaria Ferrarese. - Torino : G. Giappichelli Editore. - Page 45-59 In: Crisi economica e trasformazioni della dimensione giuridica : la costituzionalizzazione del pareggio di bilancio tra internazionalizzazione economica, processo di integrazione europea e sovranità nazionale / a cura di Raffaele Bifulco e Orlando Roselli ; scritti di Raffaele Bifulco, Antonio Brancasi e altri, ISBN 9788834893258: (2013), Page 45-59. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Economic crisis, Financial markets, Governance,

112. Congiuntura economica, dinamica europea e comunità epistemiche: il caso degli operatori del diritto
Congiuntura economica, dinamica europea e comunità epistemiche: il caso degli operatori del diritto / Vittorio Olgiati. - Torino : G. Giappichelli Editore. - Page 77-116 In: Crisi economica e trasformazioni della dimensione giuridica : la costituzionalizzazione del pareggio di bilancio tra internazionalizzazione economica, processo di integrazione europea e sovranità nazionale / a cura di Raffaele Bifulco e Orlando Roselli ; scritti di Raffaele Bifulco, Antonio Brancasi e altri, ISBN 9788834893258: (2013), Page 77-116. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Economy, Theory,

113. Handbuch des Rechtsschutzes in der Europäischen Union
Handbuch des Rechtsschutzes in der Europäischen Union / herausgegeben von Prof. Dr. Hans-Werner Rengeling, Dr. Andreas Middeke, Prof. Dr. Martin Gellermann ; bearbeitet von Dr. Katarina Andová, Prof. Dr. Martin Burgi, Prof. Dr. Gerhard Dannecker ... [und andere]. - 3. [considerably revised new] Auflage. - München : Beck, 2014. - XXXVIII, 971 pages First edition: 1994 under the title: Rechtsschutz in der Europäischen Union. - Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Legal protection, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Community law, Manuals, E-books,

114. The EU on the Investment Path, Quo Vadis Europe - The Future of EU BITs and Other Investment Agreements
The EU on the Investment Path, Quo Vadis Europe - The Future of EU BITs and Other Investment Agreements / August Reinisch In: Santa Clara Journal of International Law = ISSN 1777-5272: vol. 12, issue 1, page 111-158. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Foreign direct investment, Competence, Investment treaties, Protection, Community law and municipal law,

115. The Future Direction of Investment Agreements in the European Union
The Future Direction of Investment Agreements in the European Union / Mark A. Clodfelter In: Santa Clara Journal of International Law = ISSN 1777-5272: vol. 12, issue 1, page 159-182. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Foreign direct investment, Investment treaties, Protection, International dispute settlement, Bilateral investment treaties,

116. Where Should Europe's Investment Path Lead - Reflections on August Reinisch, Quo Vadis Europe
Where Should Europe's Investment Path Lead - Reflections on August Reinisch, Quo Vadis Europe / Julie A. Maupin In: Santa Clara Journal of International Law = ISSN 1777-5272: vol. 12, issue 1, page 183-222. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Foreign direct investment, Community law and municipal law,

117. Diminishing Sovereignty: How European Privacy Law Became International Norm
Diminishing Sovereignty: How European Privacy Law Became International Norm / McKay Cunningham In: Santa Clara Journal of International Law = ISSN 1777-5272: vol. 11, issue 2, page 421-456. - 2013
Keywords: United States of America, European Union, Personal data, Privacy, Human rights, Legal regime,

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  • Steiner, J., L. Woods and P. Watson, Steiner and Woods EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014. Showcase item

    Steiner, J., L. Woods and P. Watson, Steiner and Woods EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Steiner & Woods EU law is fully updated and revised to reflect the latest case law and debates in EU law including new discussion of Pringle and the Eurozone crisis and the accession of Croatia to the EU. The book features extensively revised and restructured coverage of competition law and enforcement, includes substantially revised chapters on citizenship and discrimination, taking account of the fast-moving case law in these areas. The book features additional case detail and improved presentation of key facts and judgments. Now in its twelfth edition, Steiner & Woods EU Law is rightfully regarded as one of the best and most trusted EU law textbooks available. The book includes a well-balanced range of topics for students taking an EU law course at any level. It offers a careful blend of institutional and substantive coverage and focuses on explaining the law clearly for student readers, as well as raising areas of debate to inform class discussion and essays.The case detail is clearly sign-posted throughout the text, including excerpts from leading judgements, while diagrams distil complex tests and procedures to visually represent the workings of the EU. End of chapter reading suggestions plus a detailed bibliography provide a helpful starting point for essay preparation and independent research. The book is accompanied by a free Online Resource Centre (www.oxfordtextbooks.co.uk/orc/steiner_woods12e/).

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  • Klamert, M., The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Klamert, M., The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Despite its seemingly innocuous wording, in what is now Article 4 (3) TEU, the principle of loyalty has had a significant impact in deepening the reach of EU law within the Member States. The duty of sincere cooperation has been interpreted strongly by the European Courts as imposing serious duties on States to give strong effect to European legal acts. The principle has been central to the development of Union law since the 1960s, and is still being relied on by the European Court of Justice to often-controversial effect. Providing a thorough discussion of the principle of loyalty in EU law, this book introduces a novel classification of the very diverse roles loyalty plays in the EU. It distinguishes between the effects loyalty prescribes for interlocking the legal orders of the Member States with Union law, its application in preventing and resolving conflicts between the Union and the Member States, and the loyalty principle’s role in the shaping of EU law. It addresses important and yet unresolved questions pertaining to loyalty, such as its relation to the principles of solidarity, pre-emption, the Union interest, institutional balance, and the unity of international representation. The book explains why loyalty has been neglected in the prevailing narratives about the foundational case law of the European Court of Justice, and highlights its central importance to understanding EU public law.

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  • Glencross, A., The Politics of European Integration : Political Union or a House Divided?, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    Glencross, A., The Politics of European Integration : Political Union or a House Divided?, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    This book is a systematic, up-to-date exploration of the politics of European integration that includes balanced coverage of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Union. The book examines European integration as a contested political process that continues to divide and inspire nations, citizens, and politicians.  The book also provides students with the analytical tools to consider why the EU functions as it currently does, whether the EU is sufficiently democratic, the politics behind EU legislation, debates over foreign policy, proposals for institutional reform, and the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis. Finally the book brings together the latest scholarly research from comparative politics, international relations, law, and democratic theory.

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  • Lenaerts, K., Maselis, I., Gutman, K., EU Procedural law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Lenaerts, K., Maselis, I., Gutman, K., EU Procedural law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    The European Union is unique amongst international organisations in that it has a highly developed and coherent system of judicial protection. The rights derived from Union law can be enforced in court, as opposed to other international organisations whereby enforceability is often far less certain. At the heart of the system of judicial protection in the European Union is the core principle of upholding the rule of law. As such, the stakes are high in the sense that the system of the judicial protection in the European Union must live up to its promise in which ndividuals, Member States and Union institutions are all guaranteed a route by which to enforce Union law rights. This book provides a rigorously structured analysis of the EU system of judicial protection and procedure before the Union courts. It examines the role and the competences of the Union courts and the types of actions that may be brought before them, such as the actions for infringement, annulment, and failure to act, as well as special forms of procedure, for example interim relief, appeals, and staff cases. In doing so, special attention is given to the fields of EU competition law and State aid. In addition it evaluates the relationship between the Court of Justice and the national courts through the preliminary ruling procedure and the interplay between EU law and the national procedural frameworks generally. Throughout, it takes account of significant institutional developments, including the relevant changes brought by the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and the amendments to the Statute of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the Rules of Procedure of the Court of Justice and the General Court.

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  • Jacob, M., Precedents and Case-based Reasoning in the European Court of Justice : Unfinished Business, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Jacob, M., Precedents and Case-based Reasoning in the European Court of Justice : unfinished Business, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Past cases are the European Court of Justice’s most prominent tool in making and justifying the rulings and decisions which affect the everyday lives of more than half a billion people. Marc Jacob’s detailed analysis of the use of precedents and case-based reasoning in the Court uses methods such as doctrinal scholarship, empirical research, institutional analysis, comparative law and legal theory in order to unravel and critique the how and why of the court’s precedent technique. In doing so, he moves the wider debate beyond received ‘common law’ versus ‘civil law’ figments and ‘Eurosceptic’ versus ‘Euromantic’ battle lines, and also provides a useful blueprint for assessing and comparing the case law practices of other dispute resolution bodies.

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  • Hobolt, S.B., Tilley, J., Blaming Europe? : Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Hobolt, S.B., Tilley, J., Blaming Europe? : Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    A key component of democratic accountability is that citizens understand ‘who is to blame’. Nonetheless, little is known about how citizens attribute responsibility in the European Union or how those perceptions of responsibility matter. This book presents the first comprehensive account of how citizens assign blame to the EU, how politicians and the media attempt to shift blame and finally, how it matters for electoral democracy. Based on rich and unique data sources, Blaming Europe? sheds light on all three aspects of responsibility in the EU. First, it shows that while institutional differences between countries shape citizen judgements of EU responsibility, those judgements are also highly determined by pre-existing attitudes towards the EU. Second, it demonstrates that neither politicians nor the media assign much blame to the EU. Third, it establishes that regardless of whether voters are capable of accurately assigning responsibility, they are not able to hold their EU representatives to account via the ballot box in European elections due to the lack of an identifiable ‘European government’ to reward or punish. As a consequence, when citizens hold the EU responsible for poor performance, but are unable to sanction an EU incumbent, they lose trust in the EU as a whole instead. In conclusion, it argues that this ‘accountability deficit’ has significant implications for the future of the European Union.

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  • Peers, S., Harvey, T. Kenner, J. and A. Ward (eds), The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights : a Commentary, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, Hart Publishing, 2014.

    Peers, S., Harvey, T. Kenner, J. and A. Ward (eds), The Eu charter of fundamental rights : a commentary, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, Hart Publishing, 2014.

    The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union enshrines the key political, social and economic rights of EU citizens and residents in EU law. In its present form it was approved in 2000 by the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the European Commission. However its legal status remained uncertain until the entry into
    force of the Treaty of Lisbon in December 2009. The Charter obliges the EU to act and legislate consistently with the Charter, and enables the EU’s courts to strike down EU legislation which contravenes it. The Charter applies to EU Member States when they are implementing EU law but does not extend the competences of the EU beyond the competences given to it in the treaties. This Commentary on the Charter, the first in English, written by experts from several EU Member States, provides an authoritative but succinct statement of how the Charter impacts upon EU, domestic and international law. Following the conventional article-by-article approach, each commentator offers an expert view of how each article is either already being interpreted in the courts, or is likely to be interpreted. Each commentary is referenced to the case law and is augmented with extensive references to further reading. Six cross-cutting introductory chapters explain the Charter’s institutional anchorage, its relationship to the Fundamental Rights Agency, its interaction with other parts of international human rights law, the enforcement mechanisms, extraterritorial scope, and the all-important ‘Explanations’.

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  • Dörr, O. (Hrsg.), Staatshaftung in Europa : nationales und Unionsrecht, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2014.

    Dörr, O. (Hrsg.), Staatshaftung in Europa : nationales und Unionsrecht, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2014.

    This reference work provides a systematic presentation of the liability systems in EU member states for the first time. Similarities and differences between EU states’ various legal systems are presented and also explained in terms of Union Law. In addition, approaches to establishing a uniform state liability law in the future are outlined. This work includes, on the one hand, more than twenty reports about the state liability systems in the individual member states; on the other hand, comprehensive specialized report explain the entire European context and present comparative conclusions on the individual specialized topics. Based on the synopsis of the state liability systems together with the current state of Union liability as developed in case law, the law on state liability in the EU is extensively analyzed and its capability to develop based on general legal principles is defined.

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Database

EUR-Lex provides free access to European Union law and other documents considered to be public. The collection  include  treaties, international agreements, legislation in force, preparatory acts, case-law and parliamentary questions.

The European e-Justice Portal implemented by the Commission in very close cooperation with EU countries, provides a wealth of information and links on laws and practices in all EU countries. The resources range from information on legal aid, judicial training, European small claims and videoconferencing to links to legal databases, online insolvency and land registers. It also includes user-friendly forms for various judicial proceedings, such as the European order for payment. The portal benefits citizens, businesses, lawyers and judges with cross-border legal questions and boosts mutual understanding of different legal systems by contributing to the creation of a single European area of justice.

Blogs

  • Connecting Habermas with International Law

    The financial crisis has intensified the debate about the feasibility of the European Union as a new phenomenon in international law. In his essay ‘On Europe’s Constitution’, philosopher Jürgen Habermas underlines that he regards the EU as a step in the direction of a politically constituted world order. In an 2012 interview Habermas focuses on the conceptual challenges of the EU by asking the quintessential question: How should we imagine a for closer co-operation necessary, supranational association which complies with stringent demands of democratic legitimacy without assuming the shape of a state?

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  • ECJ Judgment: Private Copying Levy Cannot Include Copies Made from Unlawful Sources!

    The European Court of Justice has been pretty busy the past weeks. On Tuesday, April 8th 2014, the Court has declared the Data Retention Directive invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. On Thursday, April 10th 2014, the Court has given its verdict on a complicated Dutch case involving the home-copying exception of European copyright legislation, and the associated use of copyright levies on blank media.

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  • The Origins of EU and EMU: Towards a Post-Westphalian Paradigm

    The theoretical hallmark of the European Union is its flexible approach to sovereignty. According to the Westphalian system of international relations which forms the prevailing paradigm in international law and lies at the heart of the organisation of the United Nations, sovereignty is one and indivisible. States are sovereign and without sovereignty there is no State. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, Philosopher of Law, Director of Euroknow and Creator of the Boardgame Eurocracy.

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  • Exit Data Retention Directive: a Victory for Privacy in Europe!

    Last Tuesday, April 8, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Data Retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC, 15 March 2006) invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. In the view of the Court, the requirement in the Data Retention Directive for mobile operators and internet service providers to retain data interfered in a “particularly serious manner with the fundamental rights to respect for private life and to the protection of personal data”.

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  • Europe: Backwards or Forwards?

    In an apocalyptic essay, written at the height of the euro-crisis in 2012, Joseph Weiler predicted that the European Union will turn on its member-states in a similar way as the Golem of Prague persecuted its creators in the 16th century. The author paves the way for this conclusion by attributing a dimension of ‘political messianism’ to the statements of the founding fathers, which turns the Schuman-declaration into a roadmap to ‘the Promised Land’. As messianic narratives are doomed to collapse, the European project is set to disappoint and alienate the populace as well. Consequently, the EU creates the conditions for its own destruction.

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  • Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

    For decades, the process of European integration has been hampered by the predominance of the Westphalian system of international relations. According to this system, which owes its name to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the process of European integration had to result either in the creation of a federal European state or in the establishment of a confederal union of states. Founded in 1992, the EU defied the Westphalian paradigm from the outset.

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  • Ukraine, Moving East or West?

    Although Yanukovych has claimed many times to seek good ties with Russia and the EU simultaneously, it seems that by refusing to sign the Association Agreement (AA) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU last November, the power balance is tipping towards Russia. As an alternative to further EU integration, Russia has been actively promoting Ukraine to join the Russian-led Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, which in the future could progress towards a further integrated Eurasian Union.

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  • Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    The Italian banker and politician Padoa-Schioppa used to describe Great-Britain as the Venice of Europe. Drawing a comparison between the Italian unification in the 19th century and the present process of European integration, Padoa-Schioppa suggested that the UK is and will remain as reluctant to give up the pound in favour of euro as Venice has been to join the Italian lira. The implication of the comparison is, of course, that, however grudgingly, in the end the UK will accept the common European currency as well.

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  • The European Union as a Common Democracy

    As a young democracy the EU urgently needs to strengthen its legitimacy and accountability. The transition from a traditional union of nation states to a polity of citizens and member states requires a fundamental adjustment of governance structures. The primordial challenge for the coming decades is therefore to address the democratic deficit and to turn the EU into a living democracy.

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  • A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    On June 28th 2011 Peter Kooijmans participated in a conference about the place of the EU in international law, which was held in the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace under the auspices of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and the Carnegie Foundation. According to a blog on this website, one of the participants started the debate on the presumption that ‘the EU is a thing for which lawyers have no name’.

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  • Cameron and the Intricacies of the Westphalian System of International Relations

    In his long-awaited speech on Europe British Prime Minister David Cameron criticised the EU for its lack of democracy. PM Cameron is right insofar as the citizens of the EU can’t elect their own European government and miss the power to vote their leaders out of office. However, Cameron’s criticism would only be justified if the EU were to be considered as a sovereign state like the UK, France or Germany.

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  • The EU and the Nobel Peace Prize: Who will say thank you?

    European Council President Herman Van Rompuy or Jose-Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission or Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament? Together they will fly to Oslo on December 10 to represent the main institutions of the EU at the acceptance ceremony for the Nobel Peace Prize 2012.

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  • The Novelty of the EU

    For decades, the debate about the future of the European Union has been dominated by the dilemma whether the EU was to become a federal state or should establish itself as a union of states. After the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, however, it may be suggested that the deadlock in the debate about the finalité politique has been broken. The gist of this blog is to argue that the Lisbon Treaty construes the EU as a democracy without turning the Union into a state. This conclusion can be underpinned as follows.

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  • Internet governance 2012: Who should control the Internet?

    In the last twenty years, the Internet has had a tremendous impact on society and the term “Internet governance” was introduced. At first it was mainly used to describe the technical management of the Internet such as domain names and internet protocols. Nowadays governance refers to questions like “Do we all accept our responsibilities to safeguard the continued development of the Internet as a global, open and safe virtual environment? and Who sets the rules? In this blog I will give a few highlights of the current developments of internet governance on an International and (as well as on) an European level.

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  • The EU as a democratic polity in international law

    On June 28, 2011 a conference was held about The European Union (hereafter EU) as a Polity in International Law at the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference was held at the initiative of Mr. Jaap Hoeksma, Director of Euroknow. This initiative was supported by Dr P. H. Kooijmans, Prof Dr L-J Brinkhorst, Dr W.F. van Eekelen, Dr W.van Gerven and Dr Th. van Boven.

    The theme of the conference was the legal status of the European Union and its relationship with international law.From its inception, the main goal of the European Union and its integration in the legal as well as political systems of the Member states has been faced with conceptual problems regarding the final goal of the establishment of the European Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss whether the Lisbon Treaty has overcome the problems by constructing the EU as a democratic polity without turning the Union into a state. If so, what are the consequences for the place of the EU as a polity in international law and for its role in international relations?

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  • European nuclear safety after the Japanese Fukushima disaster

    On Friday 11 March 2011, Japan was struck by a devastating earthquake and tsunami, also known as the Tōhoku earthquake. Japan’s nuclear crisis that was caused by the earthquake and tsunami has so far evoked many questions and worries about the safety of nuclear energy just like the Chernobyl disaster evoked responses in the 1980s. It raises questions about the possible impact of nuclear energy industry on safety and health. Several European countries have discussed the use of nuclear energy and safety measures or have temporarily shut down nuclear reactors since the Japanese earthquake of 11 March 2011.

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  • International and European criminal measures on intellectual property rights

    On October 2, 2010, the 11th and final round of the negotiations for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was concluded successfully in Tokyo, Japan. The Government of Japan hosted the negotiations. Participants in the negotiations included Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) – represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the [...]

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  • Roma Rights in the European Union.

    In July 2010, The French government decided to begin to expel Roma’s, mainly from Romania and Bulgaria, as many of them were living in France illegally. This decision caused much controversy within the Institutions of the EU. This blog will briefly discuss in what way EU institutions have responded to recent Roma issues and what can be done to improve the position of this marginalized community in Europe.

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  • EU Enlargement Strategy and Progress Reports 2009

    On 14 October 2009 the European Commission adopted its annual strategy document explaining its policy on EU enlargement. The document includes also a summary of the progress made over the last twelve months by each candidate and potential candidate: Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, [...]

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  • The European Union’s ‘ContraFake’ policy

    Counterfeiting, which represents 5 to 7% of world trade, has implications on the competitiveness of EU companies, on jobs and on the health and security of EU citizens. László Kovác, European Commissioner in charge of Taxation and Customs Union, states his vision on the fight against counterfeiting as follows. ‘Customs have a vital role [...]

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