European Union

Introduction

Europe unie construit la paix

In 2012, the European Union (EU) received the Nobel Peace Prize for its decades-long contribution to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. When the first steps towards supranational cooperation were made in the aftermath of World War II, primarily targeted at preventing the rearmament of Germany, the Founding Fathers of the European integration could never have imagined this outcome in their wildest dreams. Over the years, the supranational cooperation would widen – from the original European Communities and deepen – from the originally almost purely economically inspired Communities to the current Union with a say in almost all areas of national competence. At the same time, problems with the Euro have plunged the EU in one of the biggest crises since its inception. This challenges lawmakers to tackle difficult questions about the continued existence of the Euro and the future direction of the European integration project.
Promotion of peace is one the objective of the European integration project but also the well-being of the peoples, and the promotion of certain common values: respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. The EU also aims to offer European citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers, and an economically healthy and sustainable internal market. The EU also developed a common foreign and security policy. In its relations with the wider world, the EU proclaims to uphold and promote its values and interests and contribute to the protection of its citizens. The EU has an institutional framework at its disposal, which has the task to promote the EU ‘s values, advance the EU’s objectives, and serve the interests of the EU citizens and Member States, both within and outside Europe. The EU’s legislative organs are the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. The executive organ is the European Council. The European Commission oversees the application of Union law by Member States, and the Court of Justice of the European Union, being the EU’s judicial organ, ensures that Member States correctly apply EU law.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on the European Union. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index code European Union in General and subject heading (keyword) European Union are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Articles

Documents

 Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

 

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1. Local agency and peacebuilding
Local agency and peacebuilding : EU and international engagement in Bosnia-Herzegovina, Cyprus amd South Africa / Stefanie Kappler. - Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. - XII, 225 pages. : illustrations. ; 23 cm. - (Rethinking peace and conflict studies) Bibliography: page 206-222. - References: page 177-205. - With index. - 2014
Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cyprus, South Africa, European Union, Peacebuilding, Government, Politics,

2. On peers and copyright
On peers and copyright : why the EU should consider collective management of P2P / João Pedro Quintais. - Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2012. - 103 pagina's. : illustraties. ; 23 cm. - (MIPLC studies ; volume 14) Oorspronkelijk proefschrift Munich Intellectual Property Law Center, München, 2011. - Bibliografie: pagina 95-103. - Met literatuuropgaven. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Internet, Information and communication technology, Copyright law, Licensing, Royalties, Management, Competition, Intellectual property,

3. Blaming Europe?
Blaming Europe? : responsibility without accountability in the European Union / Sara B. Hobolt, James Tilley. - Oxford : Oxford University Press, 2014. - XI, 186 pages. : illustrations. ; 24 cm References: page 165-180. - With notes and index. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Government liability, Public opinion, Democracy,

4. Markenfunktionen und referierende Benutzung
Markenfunktionen und referierende Benutzung / Maria Elena Paulus. - Tübingen : Mohr Siebeck, 2014. - XX, 374 pagina's. ; 24 cm. - (Geistiges Eigentum und Wettbewerbsrecht, ISSN 1860-7306 ; 86) Oorspronkelijk proefschrift Rechts- und Wirtschaftswissenschaftliche Fakultät, Universität Bayreuth, 2013. - Bibliografie: pagina 347-371. - Met literatuuropgaven, index en samenvatting. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Trademarks, Intellectual property, Case-law, Community law,

5. Portugal in the European Union
Portugal in the European Union : assessing twenty-five years of integration experience / edited by Laura C. Ferreira-Pereira. - London : Routledge,Taylor & Francis Group, 2014. - XXV, 238 pages. : illustrations. ; 24 cm. - (Routledge advances in European politics) With references, index. - 2014
Keywords: Portugal, European Union, European integration, Economic integration, Government, Politics, International relations, Community law and municipal law,

6. La cooperazione regionale nell'Unione Europea
La cooperazione regionale nell'Unione Europea / Michele Vellano. - Torini : G. Giappichelli Editore, 2014. - 279 pages. ; 25 cm Bibliography: page XV-XVIi. - With references. - 2014
Keywords: Italy, European Union, Council of Europe, Regions, International co-operation, Legal regime,

7. Tiesību harmonizācija baltijas jūras reģionā pēc es paplašināšanās
Tiesību harmonizācija baltijas jūras reģionā pēc es paplašināšanās : 2007. gada starptautiskās zinātniskās konferences rakstu krājums / Latviešu valodas tekstu literārā redaktore Ruta Puriņa. - Rīga : LU Akadēmiskais apgāds, 2011. - 462 pages. ; 23 cm Latvijas Universitate. - Text in Latvian, English, German and Russian. - With references. - 2011
Keywords: Latvia, Baltic Sea Region, European Union, Accession, Legal systems, Unification of law,

8. The foreign policy of the European Union
The foreign policy of the European Union / Stephan Keukeleire and Tom Delreux. - 2nd edition. - Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2014. - XVI, 390 pages. : illustrations. ; 24 cm. - (The European Union series) 1st edition: 2008. - References: page 334-367. - With index. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Common security and defence policy, European neighbourhood policy, European integration,

9. European Contract Law and Banking Contracts after the Financial Crisis: Challenges for Contracting and Market Transactions
European Contract Law and Banking Contracts after the Financial Crisis: Challenges for Contracting and Market Transactions / Stefan Grundmann & Yeşim M. Atamer. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Page 3-31 In: Financial Services, Financial Crisis and General European Contract Law : Failure and Challenges of Contracting / edited by Stefan Grundmann, Yeşim M. Atamer, ISBN 9789041135261: (2011), Page 3-31. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Economic crisis, Financial services, Bank-contracts, Contracts, Credit, Portfolio investment, European contract law,

10. A Need for Contract Governance?
A Need for Contract Governance? / Karl Riesenhuber. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Page 61-83 In: Financial Services, Financial Crisis and General European Contract Law : Failure and Challenges of Contracting / edited by Stefan Grundmann, Yeşim M. Atamer, ISBN 9789041135261: (2011), Page 61-83. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Governance, Corporate governance, European contract law,

11. Consumer Rights Directive or a General European Contract Law?
Consumer Rights Directive or a General European Contract Law? / Javier Lete. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Page 87-103 In: Financial Services, Financial Crisis and General European Contract Law : Failure and Challenges of Contracting / edited by Stefan Grundmann, Yeşim M. Atamer, ISBN 9789041135261: (2011), Page 87-103. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Consumers, Contracts, European contract law, European private law,

12. A Differentiated Approach to Client Protection: the Example of MiFID
A Differentiated Approach to Client Protection: the Example of MiFID / Marc Kruithof. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Page 105-162 In: Financial Services, Financial Crisis and General European Contract Law : Failure and Challenges of Contracting / edited by Stefan Grundmann, Yeşim M. Atamer, ISBN 9789041135261: (2011), Page 105-162. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Financial services, Portfolio investment, Directives,

13. Duty of Responsible Lending: should the European Union Take Action?
Duty of Responsible Lending: should the European Union Take Action? / Yeşim M. Atamer. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Page 179-202 In: Financial Services, Financial Crisis and General European Contract Law : Failure and Challenges of Contracting / edited by Stefan Grundmann, Yeşim M. Atamer, ISBN 9789041135261: (2011), Page 179-202. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Consumers, Credit, Community law,

14. Full Harmonization of Retail Financial Services Contract Law in Europe: a Success or a Failure?
Full Harmonization of Retail Financial Services Contract Law in Europe: a Success or a Failure? / Olha O. Cherednychenko. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Page 221-258 In: Financial Services, Financial Crisis and General European Contract Law : Failure and Challenges of Contracting / edited by Stefan Grundmann, Yeşim M. Atamer, ISBN 9789041135261: (2011), Page 221-258. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Financial services, Contracts, European contract law, Community law and municipal law,

15. From Public Law to Private Law: Market Supervision and Contract Law Standards
From Public Law to Private Law: Market Supervision and Contract Law Standards / Brigitte Haar. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Page 259-277 In: Financial Services, Financial Crisis and General European Contract Law : Failure and Challenges of Contracting / edited by Stefan Grundmann, Yeşim M. Atamer, ISBN 9789041135261: (2011), Page 259-277. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Financial markets, Financial services, Portfolio investment, Law of contracts, Community law and municipal law,

16. Enforcement and Class Actions in the Area of Financial Transactions?
Enforcement and Class Actions in the Area of Financial Transactions? : Comments from a European Perspective / Jules Stuyck. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Page 299-308 In: Financial Services, Financial Crisis and General European Contract Law : Failure and Challenges of Contracting / edited by Stefan Grundmann, Yeşim M. Atamer, ISBN 9789041135261: (2011), Page 299-308. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Consumers, Class actions, Financial services, Enforcement,

17. A World Wide Web of Law(yers): the Lawyer Function Catalysing and Mediating Change in International Economic Relations - the EU Experience
A World Wide Web of Law(yers): the Lawyer Function Catalysing and Mediating Change in International Economic Relations - the EU Experience / James Flett. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Page 317-350 In: International Economic Organizations and Law : the Perspective and Role of the Legal Counsel / edited by Asif H. Qureshi, Xuan Gao, ISBN 9789041134271: (2012), Page 317-350. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Legal services, Lawyers, Legal advice,

18. Labour Migration from Eastern Europe and the EU's Quest for Talents
Labour Migration from Eastern Europe and the EU's Quest for Talents / Alexander M. Danzer, Barbara Dietz In: The JCMS Annual Review of the European Union in ... = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 2, page 183-199. - 2014
Keywords: Eastern Europe, European Union, Foreign workers, Immigration, Migration,

19. Manufacturing "Esprit de Corps"
Manufacturing "Esprit de Corps" : the Case of the European External Action Service / Ana E. Juncos, Ana E. Juncos In: The JCMS Annual Review of the European Union in ... = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 2, page 302-319. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European External Action Service,

20. Trade Agreements as Venues for "Market Power Europe"?
Trade Agreements as Venues for "Market Power Europe"? : the Case of Immigration Policy / Flavia Jurje, Sandra Lavenex In: The JCMS Annual Review of the European Union in ... = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 2, page 320-336. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, International trade, Commercial agreements, Immigration, Migration, Foreign policy,

21. Kapitalverkehrsfreiheit und persönliche Gesellschafterhaftung im europäischen Kapitalgesellschaftsrecht
Kapitalverkehrsfreiheit und persönliche Gesellschafterhaftung im europäischen Kapitalgesellschaftsrecht / Michael Stöber In: Zeitschrift fur Vergleichende Rechtswissenschaft = ISSN 0044-3638: vol. 113, issue 4, page 29-56. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Free movement, Capital, Commercial companies, Limited liability companies, Sociétés unipersonnelles, Company law, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007),

22. For the Purposes of this Regulation ...: Denying Protection to the Small Business through the Application of the CESL
For the Purposes of this Regulation ...: Denying Protection to the Small Business through the Application of the CESL / Ellen Ostrow In: American University International Law Review = ISSN 1520-460X: vol. 29, issue 1, page 255-286. - 2013
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, Small and medium enterprises, Sale, Trade terms, European contract law, Consumers, Law of contracts,

23. The Anti-Competitive Effects of a Globally Concentrated, Oligopolistic Maritime Market: from Explicit to Tacit Collusion
The Anti-Competitive Effects of a Globally Concentrated, Oligopolistic Maritime Market: from Explicit to Tacit Collusion : an Analysis Based on the P3 Network / August J. Braakman In: The Journal of International Maritime Law = ISSN 1478-8586: vol. 19, issue 5, page 419-436. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Liner shipping, Containers, Oligopoly, Carriage of goods by sea, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007),

24. Taking Constitutionalization One Step Too far?
Taking Constitutionalization One Step Too far? : the Need for Revision of Rheinmühlen Case Law in the Light of the AG Opinion and the ECJ's Ruling in Elchinov / Mariolina Eliantonio, Chris Backes ; abstract translated into French by F. Vogin In: Revue européenne de droit public = ISSN 1105-1590: vol. 23, issue 3, page 839-853. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Preliminary rulings, Obligations of the state, Judgments, European constitutional law,

25. The EU in the Horn of Africa
The EU in the Horn of Africa : building Resilience as a Distant Form of Governance / Jonathan Joseph In: The JCMS Annual Review of the European Union in ... = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 2, page 285-301. - 2014
Keywords: Horn of Africa, European Union, Global governance, Climate change, Sustainable development, Foreign policy,

26. Maritime Shipping Sector and Competition Law - the AGCM's CIN/Tirrenia Decision
Maritime Shipping Sector and Competition Law - the AGCM's CIN/Tirrenia Decision / Mauro Grego In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 35, issue 1, page 1-7. - 2014
Keywords: Italy, European Union, Ships, Shipbuilding, Ports, Carriage of goods by sea, Oligopoly, Competition, Community law and municipal law, Cases,

27. Contribution of the European Ombudsman to Limiting Late Payment by the European Commission
Contribution of the European Ombudsman to Limiting Late Payment by the European Commission / Nicole Grmelová. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Page 309-324 In: Financial Services, Financial Crisis and General European Contract Law : Failure and Challenges of Contracting / edited by Stefan Grundmann, Yeşim M. Atamer, ISBN 9789041135261: (2011), Page 309-324. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, European Ombudsman, European Commission, Payments,

28. ES tiesību un Krievijas tiesību normu tuvināšana pilsoņu brīvas pārvietošanās jomā
ES tiesību un Krievijas tiesību normu tuvināšana pilsoņu brīvas pārvietošanās jomā / Vadims Voiņikovs. - Rīga : LU Akadēmiskais apgāds. - Page 427-431 In: @Tiesību harmonizācija baltijas jūras reģionā pēc es paplašināšanās : 2007. gada starptautiskās zinātniskās konferences rakstu krājums / Latviešu valodas tekstu literārā redaktore Ruta Puriņa, ISBN 9789984455310: (2011), Page 427-431. - 2011
Keywords: Russian Federation, European Union, Free movement, Movement of natural persons, Harmonisation,

29. Sbliženie norm prava EC i rossijskogo zakonodatelʹstva v oblasti svobody peredviženija graždan
Sbliženie norm prava EC i rossijskogo zakonodatelʹstva v oblasti svobody peredviženija graždan / Vadim Vojnikov. - Rīga : LU Akadēmiskais apgāds. - Page 432-437 In: @Tiesību harmonizācija baltijas jūras reģionā pēc es paplašināšanās : 2007. gada starptautiskās zinātniskās konferences rakstu krājums / Latviešu valodas tekstu literārā redaktore Ruta Puriņa, ISBN 9789984455310: (2011), Page 432-437. - 2011
Keywords: Russian Federation, European Union, Free movement, Movement of natural persons, Harmonisation,

30. The Cyprus issue
The Cyprus issue : the four freedoms in a member state under Siege / Nikos Skoutaris. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing, 2011. - XXVII, 224 pages. - (Modern studies in European law ; volume 25) Bibliography: page 207-215. - Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2011
Keywords: Cyprus, European Union, Divided states, Accession, Free movement, Community law and municipal law, E-books,

31. The European Union and global development
The European Union and global development : an "enlightened superpower" in the making? / edited by Stefan Gänzle, Sven Grimm and Davina Makhan. - Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2012. - XX, 305 pages. : illustrations Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Developing countries, International economic relations, E-books,

32. The Lisbon Treaty and social Europe
The Lisbon Treaty and social Europe / edited by Niklas Bruun, Klaus Lörcher and Isabelle Schömann. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing, 2012. - VIII, 338 pages ETUI. - Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Social law, Labour law, Social policy, E-books,

33. The European Union and global emergencies
The European Union and global emergencies : a law and policy analysis / edited by Antonis Antoniadis, Robert Schütze and Eleanor Spaventa. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing, 2011. - XXXIX, 307 pages. - (Modern studies in European law ; volume 26) "International conference which was held in Durhum on 8-9 May 2009". - Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Economic crisis, Regional security, Terrorism, Health, Food aid, Human trafficking, Energy security, E-books,

Librarian's choice

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  • Edward, D. and R. Lane, Edward and Lane on European Union Law, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2013.

    Edward, D. and R. Lane, Edward and Lane on European Union Law, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2013.

    This authoritative volume provides expert analysis on the key issues across all areas of European Union law, including its constitutional, procedural and substantive aspects. Importantly, the book incorporates the Treaty of Lisbon reorientation and immediate post-Lisbon developments. Throughout the book there is extensive reference to primary sources (Treaty, legislation, case law) and to issues of national adaptation which, together, bring a depth of understanding and analysis to this increasingly complex discipline.

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  • De Waele, H. and J. Kuipers, The European Union's Emerging International Identity: Views from the Global Arena, Leiden, Brill, 2013.

    De Waele, H. and J. Kuipers, The European Union's Emerging International Identity: Views from the Global Arena, Leiden, Brill, 2013.

    The European Union officially acquired international legal personality with the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty. Since then, the constitutional foundations of EU external relations have received an ever-greater amount of scholarly attention. So far however, the body of knowledge has remained limited with regard to how the Union is actually being perceived on the global scene. Moreover, its dealings with other international organizations constitute a similar, still underexplored topic. The European Union’s Emerging International Identity breaks new ground by addressing both these themes in combination. The resulting volume offers an innovative inquiry into the EU’s image and status, based on a select number of studies of its position and functioning within the framework of eight international organizations.

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  • Yordanova, N., Organising the European Parliament: The Role of Committees and Their Legislative Influence, Colchester, ECPR Press, 2013.

    Yordanova, N., Organising the European Parliament: The Role of Committees and Their Legislative Influence, Colchester, ECPR Press, 2013.

    The recent empowerment of the European Parliament makes this a timely study of the impact of its internal organisation on legislative politics, interest representation and democracy within the Union. Using data on all legislators and legislative proposals in the 6th parliamentary term, the book confronts alternative theories of legislative organisation in rigorous statistical analyses supported by rich interview information. The findings indicate that the internal setup and legislative output of the parliamentary committees serve the policy goals of parties in the European Parliament, and in particular the working majority party, rather than special interests or purely informational needs, which the author explains with the formal and informal parliamentary rules. As the committees advance party politics instead of particularistic policies, she concludes that legislating within the committees is positive for democracy in the European Union and raises concerns about the loss in transparency, legitimacy and accountability that the increasingly common fast-track bicameral decision-making outside the committees entails.

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  • Chang, M., The European Commission in the Post-Lisbon Era of Crises: Between Political Leadership and Policy Management, Bruxelles, Lang, 2013.

    Chang, M., The European Commission in the Post-Lisbon Era of Crises: Between Political Leadership and Policy Management, Bruxelles, Lang, 2013.

    The European Commission has alternatively been portrayed as an all-powerful institution controlling far too many resources versus a bureaucracy that operates at the behest of Member States. In recent years the EU has been beset by major challenges coming from the inside (the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty) and the outside (the global financial crisis). How has the Commission responded to these events? Has the Commission changed substantially in terms of its institutional structure or the functions it performs? To what extent was the Commission actively promoting such changes versus accepting initiatives emanating from the Member States? This edited volume seeks to answer these questions by examining this institution and how it has performed in several major policy areas in which the Commission traditionally has been both very active and others in which its influence has been more limited. This comparative study examines the impact that the changes brought about this past decade has had on the Commission.

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  • Shuibhne, N., The Coherence of EU Free Movement Law: Constitutional Responsibility and the Court of Justice, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013.

    Shuibhne, N., The Coherence of EU Free Movement Law: Constitutional Responsibility and the Court of Justice, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013.

    This book presents a critical analysis of the European Courts’ jurisprudence on free movement, examining the Court’s constitutional responsibility to articulate a coherent vision of the EU internal market. Through analysis of restrictions on free movement rights, it argues that four main drivers are distorting the system of the case law and its claims to coherence. The drivers reflect ‘good’ impulses (the protection of fundamental rights); avoidable habits (the proliferation of principles and conflicting lines of case law authority); inherent ambiguities (the unsettled purpose and objectives of the internal market); and broader systemic conditions (the structure of the Court and its decision-making processes). These dynamics cause problematic instances of case law fragmentation which has substantive implications for citizens, businesses, and Member States participating in the internal market as well as reputational consequences for the Court of Justice and for the EU more generally. However, ultimately the Member States must take greater responsibility too: only they can ensure that the Court of Justice is properly structured and supported, enabling it to play its critical institutional part in the complex narrative of EU integration.

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  • K. Jørgense and K. Laatikainen, Routledge Handbook on the European Union and International Institutions: Performance, Policy, Power, London, Routledge, 2013.

    K. Jørgense and K. Laatikainen, Routledge Handbook on the European Union and International Institutions: Performance, Policy, Power, London, Routledge, 2013.

    This book addresses the increasingly contested issue of profound political importance: Europe’s presence in multilateral institutions. It assesses both the evolving role of Europe in international institutions, and the transformations in international institutions themselves. The book is divided into six parts. Part I examines the EU’s diplomatic and legal personality in international relations that constitutes the internal foundation for the EU’s engagement with international institutions. Part II assesses how EU multilateralism intersects with other international institutions and provides a means to assess the performance of international institutions as well as the EU itself in multilateral processes. Part III focuses on the EU’s participation with key institutions within the general UN system, such as the UN Security Council and the Human Rights Council as well as specific policy domains such as human rights across UN institutions. Part IV focuses on EU relations with wide range of international organizations in a variety of fields, from organizations in economic and security realms to environmental institutions and specialized agencies. Part V focuses on the EU’s engagement in a broad spectrum of issue-specific international agreements and international regimes, addressing issues such as non-proliferation of WMDs, climate change, information technology, and the emerging Gx-system (G7, G8, G20 etc). Part VI examines broader contextual factors that influence the relationship between the EU and international institutions, including the evolution of multilateralism, the trans-Atlantic relationship, global norms and the emergence of multipolarity. this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of European politics, the EU’s external relations, international relations, international organizations and international political economy.

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  • Martinico, G., The tangled complexity of the EU constitutional process : the frustrating knot of Europe, London, Routledge, 2013.

    Martinico, G., The Tangled Complexity of the EU Constitutional Process: The Frustrating Knot of Europe, London, Routledge, 2013.

    This book builds on the discourse in European Union constitutionalism in order to offer a novel analysis of the EU’s constitutional developments.Giuseppe Martinico sets out a unique account of EU constitutionalism which argues that the EU legal order is a complex entity which shares some features with natural systems. The book is soundly anchored in the theory and methodology of legal science and based on a deep knowledge of judicial practices. The author contends that Europe is still suffering from the failure of the Constitutional Treaty and is practicing the new institutional equilibrium afforded by the coming into force of the Reform Treaty. The book goes on to explore the methodological implications of such constitutional complexity for the study of EU law. The Tangled Complexity of the EU Constitutional Process will be of particular interest to academics and students in the disciplines of Law, International Relations and Political Science.

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Database

EUR-Lex provides free access to European Union law and other documents considered to be public. The collection  include  treaties, international agreements, legislation in force, preparatory acts, case-law and parliamentary questions.

The European e-Justice Portal implemented by the Commission in very close cooperation with EU countries, provides a wealth of information and links on laws and practices in all EU countries. The resources range from information on legal aid, judicial training, European small claims and videoconferencing to links to legal databases, online insolvency and land registers. It also includes user-friendly forms for various judicial proceedings, such as the European order for payment. The portal benefits citizens, businesses, lawyers and judges with cross-border legal questions and boosts mutual understanding of different legal systems by contributing to the creation of a single European area of justice.

Blogs

  • Exit Data Retention Directive: a Victory for Privacy in Europe!

    Last Tuesday, April 8, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Data Retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC, 15 March 2006) invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. In the view of the Court, the requirement in the Data Retention Directive for mobile operators and internet service providers to retain data interfered in a “particularly serious manner with the fundamental rights to respect for private life and to the protection of personal data”.

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  • Europe: Backwards or Forwards?

    In an apocalyptic essay, written at the height of the euro-crisis in 2012, Joseph Weiler predicted that the European Union will turn on its member-states in a similar way as the Golem of Prague persecuted its creators in the 16th century. The author paves the way for this conclusion by attributing a dimension of ‘political messianism’ to the statements of the founding fathers, which turns the Schuman-declaration into a roadmap to ‘the Promised Land’. As messianic narratives are doomed to collapse, the European project is set to disappoint and alienate the populace as well. Consequently, the EU creates the conditions for its own destruction.

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  • Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

    For decades, the process of European integration has been hampered by the predominance of the Westphalian system of international relations. According to this system, which owes its name to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the process of European integration had to result either in the creation of a federal European state or in the establishment of a confederal union of states. Founded in 1992, the EU defied the Westphalian paradigm from the outset.

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  • Ukraine, Moving East or West?

    Although Yanukovych has claimed many times to seek good ties with Russia and the EU simultaneously, it seems that by refusing to sign the Association Agreement (AA) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU last November, the power balance is tipping towards Russia. As an alternative to further EU integration, Russia has been actively promoting Ukraine to join the Russian-led Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, which in the future could progress towards a further integrated Eurasian Union.

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  • Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    The Italian banker and politician Padoa-Schioppa used to describe Great-Britain as the Venice of Europe. Drawing a comparison between the Italian unification in the 19th century and the present process of European integration, Padoa-Schioppa suggested that the UK is and will remain as reluctant to give up the pound in favour of euro as Venice has been to join the Italian lira. The implication of the comparison is, of course, that, however grudgingly, in the end the UK will accept the common European currency as well.

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  • The European Union as a Common Democracy

    As a young democracy the EU urgently needs to strengthen its legitimacy and accountability. The transition from a traditional union of nation states to a polity of citizens and member states requires a fundamental adjustment of governance structures. The primordial challenge for the coming decades is therefore to address the democratic deficit and to turn the EU into a living democracy.

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  • A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    On June 28th 2011 Peter Kooijmans participated in a conference about the place of the EU in international law, which was held in the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace under the auspices of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and the Carnegie Foundation. According to a blog on this website, one of the participants started the debate on the presumption that ‘the EU is a thing for which lawyers have no name’.

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  • Cameron and the Intricacies of the Westphalian System of International Relations

    In his long-awaited speech on Europe British Prime Minister David Cameron criticised the EU for its lack of democracy. PM Cameron is right insofar as the citizens of the EU can’t elect their own European government and miss the power to vote their leaders out of office. However, Cameron’s criticism would only be justified if the EU were to be considered as a sovereign state like the UK, France or Germany.

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  • The EU and the Nobel Peace Prize: Who will say thank you?

    European Council President Herman Van Rompuy or Jose-Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission or Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament? Together they will fly to Oslo on December 10 to represent the main institutions of the EU at the acceptance ceremony for the Nobel Peace Prize 2012.

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  • The Novelty of the EU

    For decades, the debate about the future of the European Union has been dominated by the dilemma whether the EU was to become a federal state or should establish itself as a union of states. After the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, however, it may be suggested that the deadlock in the debate about the finalité politique has been broken. The gist of this blog is to argue that the Lisbon Treaty construes the EU as a democracy without turning the Union into a state. This conclusion can be underpinned as follows.

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  • Internet governance 2012: Who should control the Internet?

    In the last twenty years, the Internet has had a tremendous impact on society and the term “Internet governance” was introduced. At first it was mainly used to describe the technical management of the Internet such as domain names and internet protocols. Nowadays governance refers to questions like “Do we all accept our responsibilities to safeguard the continued development of the Internet as a global, open and safe virtual environment? and Who sets the rules? In this blog I will give a few highlights of the current developments of internet governance on an International and (as well as on) an European level.

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  • The EU as a democratic polity in international law

    On June 28, 2011 a conference was held about The European Union (hereafter EU) as a Polity in International Law at the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference was held at the initiative of Mr. Jaap Hoeksma, Director of Euroknow. This initiative was supported by Dr P. H. Kooijmans, Prof Dr L-J Brinkhorst, Dr W.F. van Eekelen, Dr W.van Gerven and Dr Th. van Boven.

    The theme of the conference was the legal status of the European Union and its relationship with international law.From its inception, the main goal of the European Union and its integration in the legal as well as political systems of the Member states has been faced with conceptual problems regarding the final goal of the establishment of the European Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss whether the Lisbon Treaty has overcome the problems by constructing the EU as a democratic polity without turning the Union into a state. If so, what are the consequences for the place of the EU as a polity in international law and for its role in international relations?

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  • European nuclear safety after the Japanese Fukushima disaster

    On Friday 11 March 2011, Japan was struck by a devastating earthquake and tsunami, also known as the Tōhoku earthquake. Japan’s nuclear crisis that was caused by the earthquake and tsunami has so far evoked many questions and worries about the safety of nuclear energy just like the Chernobyl disaster evoked responses in the 1980s. It raises questions about the possible impact of nuclear energy industry on safety and health. Several European countries have discussed the use of nuclear energy and safety measures or have temporarily shut down nuclear reactors since the Japanese earthquake of 11 March 2011.

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  • International and European criminal measures on intellectual property rights

    On October 2, 2010, the 11th and final round of the negotiations for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was concluded successfully in Tokyo, Japan. The Government of Japan hosted the negotiations. Participants in the negotiations included Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) – represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the [...]

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  • Roma Rights in the European Union.

    In July 2010, The French government decided to begin to expel Roma’s, mainly from Romania and Bulgaria, as many of them were living in France illegally. This decision caused much controversy within the Institutions of the EU. This blog will briefly discuss in what way EU institutions have responded to recent Roma issues and what can be done to improve the position of this marginalized community in Europe.

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  • EU Enlargement Strategy and Progress Reports 2009

    On 14 October 2009 the European Commission adopted its annual strategy document explaining its policy on EU enlargement. The document includes also a summary of the progress made over the last twelve months by each candidate and potential candidate: Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, [...]

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  • The European Union’s ‘ContraFake’ policy

    Counterfeiting, which represents 5 to 7% of world trade, has implications on the competitiveness of EU companies, on jobs and on the health and security of EU citizens. László Kovác, European Commissioner in charge of Taxation and Customs Union, states his vision on the fight against counterfeiting as follows. ‘Customs have a vital role [...]

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