European Union

Introduction

Europe unie construit la paix

In 2012, the European Union (EU) received the Nobel Peace Prize for its decades-long contribution to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. When the first steps towards supranational cooperation were made in the aftermath of World War II, primarily targeted at preventing the rearmament of Germany, the Founding Fathers of the European integration could never have imagined this outcome in their wildest dreams. Over the years, the supranational cooperation would widen – from the original European Communities and deepen – from the originally almost purely economically inspired Communities to the current Union with a say in almost all areas of national competence. At the same time, problems with the Euro have plunged the EU in one of the biggest crises since its inception. This challenges lawmakers to tackle difficult questions about the continued existence of the Euro and the future direction of the European integration project.
Promotion of peace is one the objective of the European integration project but also the well-being of the peoples, and the promotion of certain common values: respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. The EU also aims to offer European citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers, and an economically healthy and sustainable internal market. The EU also developed a common foreign and security policy. In its relations with the wider world, the EU proclaims to uphold and promote its values and interests and contribute to the protection of its citizens. The EU has an institutional framework at its disposal, which has the task to promote the EU ‘s values, advance the EU’s objectives, and serve the interests of the EU citizens and Member States, both within and outside Europe. The EU’s legislative organs are the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. The executive organ is the European Council. The European Commission oversees the application of Union law by Member States, and the Court of Justice of the European Union, being the EU’s judicial organ, ensures that Member States correctly apply EU law.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on the European Union. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index code European Union in General and subject heading (keyword) European Union are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Articles

Documents

 Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

 

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1. The Europeanisation of conflict resolutions
The Europeanisation of conflict resolutions : regional integration and conflicts from the 1950s to the twenty-first century / by Boyka Stefanova. - Manchester ; New York : Manchester University Press, 2011. - XV, 237 pages. : illustrations. ; 24 cm. - (Europe in change) Bibliography: page 203-226. - With notes and index. - 2011
Keywords: Cyprus, Kosovo, Northern Ireland, European Union, Conflict management, Relations, History,

2. Legislative approximation and application of EU law in the eastern neighbourhood of the European Union
Legislative approximation and application of EU law in the eastern neighbourhood of the European Union : towards a common regulatory space? / edited by Peter Van Elsuwege and Roman Petrov. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2014. - XXX, 268 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Routledge research in European Union law) With notes and index. - 2014
Keywords: Eastern Europe, European Union, European neighbourhood policy, Community law,

3. Precedents and case-based reasoning in the European Court of Justice
Precedents and case-based reasoning in the European Court of Justice : unfinished business / Marc Jacob. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2014. - XV, 339 pages. ; 24 cm Bibliography: page 297-323. - With notes and index. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Stare decisis, Legal reasoning, Judgments,

4. Der EU-Verwaltungsvertrag
Der EU-Verwaltungsvertrag / Titos Markopoulos. - Frankfurt am Main ; Berlin ; Bern ; Bruxelles ; New York ; Oxford ; Wien : Peter Lang, 2012. - 195 pages. ; 22 cm References: page 185-195. - With notes. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Administrative contracts, European administrative law,

5. Enlarging the European Union
Enlarging the European Union : the Commission seeking influence, 1961-1973 / Michael J. Geary. - Basingstoke : Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. - XI, 257 pages. ; 23 cm Bibliography: page 231-244. - Notes: page 187-230. - With index. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Accession,

6. Institutional change in Turkey
Institutional change in Turkey : the impact of European Union reforms on human rights and policing / Leila Piran. - New York, NY : Palgrave Macmillan, 2013. - X, 183 pages. ; 23 cm Bibliography: page 167-177. - Notes: page 143-165. - With index. - 2013
Keywords: Turkey, European Union, Politics, Government, International relations, Common foreign and security policy, History, Human rights,

7. Protezione della salute e cittadinanza europea nella direttiva 2011/24/UE sulla mobilità transfrontaliera di pazienti
Protezione della salute e cittadinanza europea nella direttiva 2011/24/UE sulla mobilità transfrontaliera di pazienti / di Giacomo Di Federico. - Santarcangelo di Romagna : Maggiole Editore. - Page 45-77 In: Sanità e diritti fondamentali in ambito europeo e italiano / a cura di Lucia Serena Rossi e Carlo Bottari, ISBN 9788838777349: (2013), Page 45-77. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Medical services, Patients, Free movement, Community law, Directives,

8. Il consenso informato quale presupposto per l'immissione in commercio del medicinale nell'Unione europea
Il consenso informato quale presupposto per l'immissione in commercio del medicinale nell'Unione europea / di Federico Forni. - Santarcangelo di Romagna : Maggiole Editore. - Page 103-112 In: Sanità e diritti fondamentali in ambito europeo e italiano / a cura di Lucia Serena Rossi e Carlo Bottari, ISBN 9788838777349: (2013), Page 103-112. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Health, Pharmaceuticals, Medical services, Community law,

9. Completing Economic and Social Integration: towards Labour Law for the United States of Europe
Completing Economic and Social Integration: towards Labour Law for the United States of Europe / Frank Hendrickx. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. - Page 61-80 In: Resocialising Europe in a Time of Crisis / edited by Nicola Countouris and Mark Freedland, ISBN 9781107041745: (2013), Page 61-80. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Europe, Labor, Labour law, European integration, Economic integration, European Social Charter (Turin, 18 October 1961), Community law, Community law and municipal law, Governance,

10. International Labour Standards and EU Labour Law
International Labour Standards and EU Labour Law / Giuseppe Casale. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. - Page 81-104 In: Resocialising Europe in a Time of Crisis / edited by Nicola Countouris and Mark Freedland, ISBN 9781107041745: (2013), Page 81-104. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Europe, Labor, Labour law, International Labour Organization, Community law and international law, Community law, Gender, Equality,

11. The European Social Charter: could it contribute to a more Social Europe?
The European Social Charter: could it contribute to a more Social Europe? / Monika Schlachter. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. - Page 105-117 In: Resocialising Europe in a Time of Crisis / edited by Nicola Countouris and Mark Freedland, ISBN 9781107041745: (2013), Page 105-117. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Europe, Labor, Labour law, European Social Charter (Turin, 18 October 1961), Community law and international law, Community law, Gender, Equality,

12. Completing the Picture: the Complex Relationship between EU Anti-discrimination Law and "Social Europe"
Completing the Picture: the Complex Relationship between EU Anti-discrimination Law and "Social Europe" / Colm O'Cinneide. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. - Page 118-137 In: Resocialising Europe in a Time of Crisis / edited by Nicola Countouris and Mark Freedland, ISBN 9781107041745: (2013), Page 118-137. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Europe, Labor, Labour law, European Social Charter (Turin, 18 October 1961), Community law and international law, Community law, International Labour Organization, Equality,

13. Breaking the Mould: Equality as a Proactive Duty
Breaking the Mould: Equality as a Proactive Duty / Sandra Fredman. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. - Page 138-162 In: Resocialising Europe in a Time of Crisis / edited by Nicola Countouris and Mark Freedland, ISBN 9781107041745: (2013), Page 138-162. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Great Britain, Equality, Community law, Community law and municipal law,

14. The Sovereign Debt Crisis and the Evolution of Labour Law in Europe
The Sovereign Debt Crisis and the Evolution of Labour Law in Europe / Simon Deakin and Aristea Koukiadaki. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press. - Page 163-188 In: Resocialising Europe in a Time of Crisis / edited by Nicola Countouris and Mark Freedland, ISBN 9781107041745: (2013), Page 163-188. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Economic crisis, Labour law, Community law, Community law and municipal law, European integration, Solidarity, Financial markets,

15. The European Alternative Investment Fund Management Directive
The European Alternative Investment Fund Management Directive / Eddy Wymeersch. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Page 433-496 In: Alternative Investment Fund Regulation / edited by Eddy Wymeersch, ISBN 340274972: (2012), Page 433-496. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Economic crisis, Financial markets, Stock exchange markets, Securities, Portfolio investment, Community law,

16. Professional Secrecy in Europe
Professional Secrecy in Europe / Dirk van Gerven. - New York : Cambridge University Press. - Page 1-23 In: Professional Secrecy of Lawyers in Europe / compiled by the Bar of Brussels, ISBN 9781107031630: (2013), Page 1-23. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Professional secrecy, Jurisconsults, Human rights, Money laundering, Community law, Directives, Community law and municipal law,

17. Le partenariat UE-ASEAN
Le partenariat UE-ASEAN : présentation générale / Abdelkhaleq Berramdane. - Bruxelles : Bruylant. - Page 3-21 In: Le partenariat UE-ASEAN / sous la direction d'Abdelkhaleq Berramdane, Michel Trochu, GERCIE, ISBN 2802741063: (2013), Page 3-21. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Association of South East Asian Nations, Partnerships, Common foreign and security policy, International relations, Foreign policy, International co-operation,

18. La dissymétrie entre l'Union européenne et l'ASEAN
La dissymétrie entre l'Union européenne et l'ASEAN / Damien Thierry. - Bruxelles : Bruylant. - Page 23-37 In: Le partenariat UE-ASEAN / sous la direction d'Abdelkhaleq Berramdane, Michel Trochu, GERCIE, ISBN 2802741063: (2013), Page 23-37. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Association of South East Asian Nations, Partnerships, Common foreign and security policy, International relations, International co-operation,

19. L'articulation entre les Accords de Partenariat et de Coopération (APC) et les Accords de Libre-Échange (ALE/FTA)
L'articulation entre les Accords de Partenariat et de Coopération (APC) et les Accords de Libre-Échange (ALE/FTA) / Joël Lebullenger. - Bruxelles : Bruylant. - Page 39-59 In: Le partenariat UE-ASEAN / sous la direction d'Abdelkhaleq Berramdane, Michel Trochu, GERCIE, ISBN 2802741063: (2013), Page 39-59. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Association of South East Asian Nations, Partnerships, Common foreign and security policy, International relations, Free trade agreements, International co-operation,

20. Les enjeux de la negociation UE-ASEAN pour la création d'une zone de libre-échange
Les enjeux de la negociation UE-ASEAN pour la création d'une zone de libre-échange : Table Ronde / Michel Trochu. - Bruxelles : Bruylant. - Page 83-95 In: Le partenariat UE-ASEAN / sous la direction d'Abdelkhaleq Berramdane, Michel Trochu, GERCIE, ISBN 2802741063: (2013), Page 83-95. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Association of South East Asian Nations, Common foreign and security policy, Partnerships, Negotiations, World Trade Organization, Free trade zones,

21. L'agence des droits fondamentaux de l'union européenne
L'agence des droits fondamentaux de l'union européenne : actualités / Katya Andrusz In: Revue de l'Union européenne = ISSN 0035-2616: (2013), issue 573 (dec), page 594-600. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Human rights, Protection, Agencies,

22. L'applicabilité de la Charte des droits fondamentaux de l'Union européenne dans les ordres juridiques nationaux
L'applicabilité de la Charte des droits fondamentaux de l'Union européenne dans les ordres juridiques nationaux / Claudie Weisse-Marchal In: Revue de l'Union européenne = ISSN 0035-2616: (2013), issue 573 (dec), page 601-608. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Human rights, Protection, Community law and municipal law, Constitutions,

23. À propos du "Soft Law" en droit de l'Union européenne
À propos du "Soft Law" en droit de l'Union européenne : analyses théorique et pratique / Dorian Guinard In: Revue de l'Union européenne = ISSN 0035-2616: (2013), issue 573 (dec), page 609-617. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Soft law, Community law, Competition, European Commission, European Court of Human Rights, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Community law and international law,

24. Zone euro
Zone euro : des regles de stabilité budgetaire nécessaires : non exemptes d'irrationalité économique / Francisco Rodriguez Ortiz In: Revue de l'Union européenne = ISSN 0035-2616: (2013), issue 573 (dec), page 618-626. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Economic crisis, Community law, Euro, European Economic and Monetary Union, Public finance, Debts,

25. Geschillenbeslechting via het internet
Geschillenbeslechting via het internet : een eerste stap voorwaarts / Antoon Dierick, Steven Verbeke In: Droit de la consommation = DCCR = ISSN 1370-6888: (2013), issue 99 (apr-jun), page 3-18. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Internet, E-commerce, Consumers, Online dispute resolution, Community law,

26. EU Financial Assistance Conditionality After "Two Pack"
EU Financial Assistance Conditionality After "Two Pack" / Michael Ioannidis In: Zeitschrift für ausländisches öffentliches Recht und Völkerrecht = ISSN 0044-2348: vol. 74, issue 1, page 61-104. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Economic crisis, Financial and technical aid, Loans, European stability mechanism, International Monetary Fund, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007),

27. Setting the Scene
Setting the Scene : Legislative Approximation and Application of EU Law in the Eastern Neighbourhoud of the European Union / Peter Van Elsuwege and Roman Petrov. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 1-9 In: Legislative Approximation and Application of EU Law in the Eastern Neighbourhood of the European Union: Towards a Common Regulatory Space? / edited by Peter Van Elsuwege and Roman Petrov, ISBN 9780415640435: (2014), Page 1-9. - 2014
Keywords: Eastern Europe, European Union, European neighbourhood policy, Community law,

28. Anatomy of EU Norm Export Towards the Neighbourhood
Anatomy of EU Norm Export Towards the Neighbourhood : the Impact of Article 8 TEU / Christophe Hillion. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 13-20 In: Legislative Approximation and Application of EU Law in the Eastern Neighbourhood of the European Union: Towards a Common Regulatory Space? / edited by Peter Van Elsuwege and Roman Petrov, ISBN 9780415640435: (2014), Page 13-20. - 2014
Keywords: Eastern Europe, European Union, European neighbourhood policy, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Community law,

29. Differentiating the Methods of "Acquis" Export
Differentiating the Methods of "Acquis" Export : the Case of the Eastern Neighbourhood and Russia / Aaron Matta. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 21-45 In: Legislative Approximation and Application of EU Law in the Eastern Neighbourhood of the European Union: Towards a Common Regulatory Space? / edited by Peter Van Elsuwege and Roman Petrov, ISBN 9780415640435: (2014), Page 21-45. - 2014
Keywords: Eastern Europe, Russian Federation, European Union, European neighbourhood policy,

30. Why the ECB cannot Save the Euro
Why the ECB cannot Save the Euro / Paul Yowell. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing In: Legal Challenges in the Global Financial Crisis : Bail-Outs, the Euro and Regulation / edited by Wolf-Georg Ringe and Peter M. Huber, ISBN 9781849464390: (2014) - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Central Bank, European Economic and Monetary Union, Monetary policy, Economic crisis,

31. A Governance Crisis?
A Governance Crisis? : Treaty Change, Fiscal Union and the ECB / Christoph Ohler. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing In: Legal Challenges in the Global Financial Crisis : Bail-Outs, the Euro and Regulation / edited by Wolf-Georg Ringe and Peter M. Huber, ISBN 9781849464390: (2014) - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Central Bank, European Economic and Monetary Union, European stability mechanism, Monetary policy, Fiscal policy, Economic crisis,

32. State Aid and the Financial Crisis
State Aid and the Financial Crisis / Conor Quigley. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing In: Legal Challenges in the Global Financial Crisis : Bail-Outs, the Euro and Regulation / edited by Wolf-Georg Ringe and Peter M. Huber, ISBN 9781849464390: (2014) - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Member states, European Commission, Subsidies and countervailing measures, Economic crisis,

33. State Aid for Banks in the Financial Crisis: the Commission's New and Stronger Role
State Aid for Banks in the Financial Crisis: the Commission's New and Stronger Role / Thomas Ackermann. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing In: Legal Challenges in the Global Financial Crisis : Bail-Outs, the Euro and Regulation / edited by Wolf-Georg Ringe and Peter M. Huber, ISBN 9781849464390: (2014) - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Economic crisis, Subsidies and countervailing measures, Banks,

34. The Limits of Legal Regulation: Will the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union Have a Real Legal Effect?
The Limits of Legal Regulation: Will the Treaty on Stability, Coordination and Governance in the Economic and Monetary Union Have a Real Legal Effect? / Rudolf Streinz. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing In: Legal Challenges in the Global Financial Crisis : Bail-Outs, the Euro and Regulation / edited by Wolf-Georg Ringe and Peter M. Huber, ISBN 9781849464390: (2014) - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, European stability mechanism, Community law, Economic crisis,

35. The expansion of international law and the use of national administrative discretion: the impact on administrative battlefields
The expansion of international law and the use of national administrative discretion: the impact on administrative battlefields / Christoffer C. Eriksen. - New York, NY : New York University School of Law, 2013. - 29 pages. - (Jean Monnet working paper, ISSN 2161-0320 ; 10/13) "Seminar, entitled “Toward a Multipolar Administrative Law – A Theoretical Perspective”, took place on 9-10 September 2012, at the NYU School of Law". - Includes bibliographical references. - 2013
Keywords: Bilateral investment treaties, Sanitary and phytosanitary measures, World Trade Organization, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Discretionary powers, Administrative procedure, European administrative law, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), E-docs,

36. The Preliminary Reference in the Jipa Case and the Case Law of Romanian Courts on the Restriction on the Free Movement of Persons
The Preliminary Reference in the Jipa Case and the Case Law of Romanian Courts on the Restriction on the Free Movement of Persons / Daniel-Mihail Şandru, Constantin-Mihai Banu, Dragoş Alin Călin In: European Public Law = ISSN 1875-8207: vol. 18, issue 4, page 623-641. - 2012
Keywords: Romania, European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Municipal courts, Preliminary rulings, Free movement, Community law and municipal law, Case-law,

37. Shortcomings of the Energy Market Liberalization in the European Union
Shortcomings of the Energy Market Liberalization in the European Union / Bartlomiej Nowak In: European Public Law = ISSN 1875-8207: vol. 18, issue 4, page 701-714. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Member states, European Commission, Energy policy, Infraction, Community law,

38. Diplomatic Protection in EU Law: What’s New under the Sun?
Diplomatic Protection in EU Law: What’s New under the Sun? / Federico Forni In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy = ISSN 1871-191X: vol. 9, issue 2, page 150-175. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Diplomatic protection, Diplomacy, Citizenship, European External Action Service,

39. The Culture of Negotiation in the European Union: Reviewing Trends and Predicting Patterns of Multilateral Decision-Making
The Culture of Negotiation in the European Union: Reviewing Trends and Predicting Patterns of Multilateral Decision-Making / Alain Guggenbühl In: The Hague Journal of Diplomacy = ISSN 1871-191X: vol. 8, issue 1, page 21-47. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Council of Ministers, Decision-making, Culture, Negotiations,

Librarian's choice

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  • Edward, D. and R. Lane, Edward and Lane on European Union Law, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2013.

    Edward, D. and R. Lane, Edward and Lane on European Union Law, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2013.

    This authoritative volume provides expert analysis on the key issues across all areas of European Union law, including its constitutional, procedural and substantive aspects. Importantly, the book incorporates the Treaty of Lisbon reorientation and immediate post-Lisbon developments. Throughout the book there is extensive reference to primary sources (Treaty, legislation, case law) and to issues of national adaptation which, together, bring a depth of understanding and analysis to this increasingly complex discipline.

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  • De Waele, H. and J. Kuipers, The European Union's Emerging International Identity: Views from the Global Arena, Leiden, Brill, 2013.

    De Waele, H. and J. Kuipers, The European Union's Emerging International Identity: Views from the Global Arena, Leiden, Brill, 2013.

    The European Union officially acquired international legal personality with the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty. Since then, the constitutional foundations of EU external relations have received an ever-greater amount of scholarly attention. So far however, the body of knowledge has remained limited with regard to how the Union is actually being perceived on the global scene. Moreover, its dealings with other international organizations constitute a similar, still underexplored topic. The European Union’s Emerging International Identity breaks new ground by addressing both these themes in combination. The resulting volume offers an innovative inquiry into the EU’s image and status, based on a select number of studies of its position and functioning within the framework of eight international organizations.

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  • Yordanova, N., Organising the European Parliament: The Role of Committees and Their Legislative Influence, Colchester, ECPR Press, 2013.

    Yordanova, N., Organising the European Parliament: The Role of Committees and Their Legislative Influence, Colchester, ECPR Press, 2013.

    The recent empowerment of the European Parliament makes this a timely study of the impact of its internal organisation on legislative politics, interest representation and democracy within the Union. Using data on all legislators and legislative proposals in the 6th parliamentary term, the book confronts alternative theories of legislative organisation in rigorous statistical analyses supported by rich interview information. The findings indicate that the internal setup and legislative output of the parliamentary committees serve the policy goals of parties in the European Parliament, and in particular the working majority party, rather than special interests or purely informational needs, which the author explains with the formal and informal parliamentary rules. As the committees advance party politics instead of particularistic policies, she concludes that legislating within the committees is positive for democracy in the European Union and raises concerns about the loss in transparency, legitimacy and accountability that the increasingly common fast-track bicameral decision-making outside the committees entails.

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  • Chang, M., The European Commission in the Post-Lisbon Era of Crises: Between Political Leadership and Policy Management, Bruxelles, Lang, 2013.

    Chang, M., The European Commission in the Post-Lisbon Era of Crises: Between Political Leadership and Policy Management, Bruxelles, Lang, 2013.

    The European Commission has alternatively been portrayed as an all-powerful institution controlling far too many resources versus a bureaucracy that operates at the behest of Member States. In recent years the EU has been beset by major challenges coming from the inside (the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty) and the outside (the global financial crisis). How has the Commission responded to these events? Has the Commission changed substantially in terms of its institutional structure or the functions it performs? To what extent was the Commission actively promoting such changes versus accepting initiatives emanating from the Member States? This edited volume seeks to answer these questions by examining this institution and how it has performed in several major policy areas in which the Commission traditionally has been both very active and others in which its influence has been more limited. This comparative study examines the impact that the changes brought about this past decade has had on the Commission.

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  • Shuibhne, N., The Coherence of EU Free Movement Law: Constitutional Responsibility and the Court of Justice, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013.

    Shuibhne, N., The Coherence of EU Free Movement Law: Constitutional Responsibility and the Court of Justice, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2013.

    This book presents a critical analysis of the European Courts’ jurisprudence on free movement, examining the Court’s constitutional responsibility to articulate a coherent vision of the EU internal market. Through analysis of restrictions on free movement rights, it argues that four main drivers are distorting the system of the case law and its claims to coherence. The drivers reflect ‘good’ impulses (the protection of fundamental rights); avoidable habits (the proliferation of principles and conflicting lines of case law authority); inherent ambiguities (the unsettled purpose and objectives of the internal market); and broader systemic conditions (the structure of the Court and its decision-making processes). These dynamics cause problematic instances of case law fragmentation which has substantive implications for citizens, businesses, and Member States participating in the internal market as well as reputational consequences for the Court of Justice and for the EU more generally. However, ultimately the Member States must take greater responsibility too: only they can ensure that the Court of Justice is properly structured and supported, enabling it to play its critical institutional part in the complex narrative of EU integration.

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  • K. Jørgense and K. Laatikainen, Routledge Handbook on the European Union and International Institutions: Performance, Policy, Power, London, Routledge, 2013.

    K. Jørgense and K. Laatikainen, Routledge Handbook on the European Union and International Institutions: Performance, Policy, Power, London, Routledge, 2013.

    This book addresses the increasingly contested issue of profound political importance: Europe’s presence in multilateral institutions. It assesses both the evolving role of Europe in international institutions, and the transformations in international institutions themselves. The book is divided into six parts. Part I examines the EU’s diplomatic and legal personality in international relations that constitutes the internal foundation for the EU’s engagement with international institutions. Part II assesses how EU multilateralism intersects with other international institutions and provides a means to assess the performance of international institutions as well as the EU itself in multilateral processes. Part III focuses on the EU’s participation with key institutions within the general UN system, such as the UN Security Council and the Human Rights Council as well as specific policy domains such as human rights across UN institutions. Part IV focuses on EU relations with wide range of international organizations in a variety of fields, from organizations in economic and security realms to environmental institutions and specialized agencies. Part V focuses on the EU’s engagement in a broad spectrum of issue-specific international agreements and international regimes, addressing issues such as non-proliferation of WMDs, climate change, information technology, and the emerging Gx-system (G7, G8, G20 etc). Part VI examines broader contextual factors that influence the relationship between the EU and international institutions, including the evolution of multilateralism, the trans-Atlantic relationship, global norms and the emergence of multipolarity. this book will be of great interest to students and scholars of European politics, the EU’s external relations, international relations, international organizations and international political economy.

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  • Martinico, G., The tangled complexity of the EU constitutional process : the frustrating knot of Europe, London, Routledge, 2013.

    Martinico, G., The Tangled Complexity of the EU Constitutional Process: The Frustrating Knot of Europe, London, Routledge, 2013.

    This book builds on the discourse in European Union constitutionalism in order to offer a novel analysis of the EU’s constitutional developments.Giuseppe Martinico sets out a unique account of EU constitutionalism which argues that the EU legal order is a complex entity which shares some features with natural systems. The book is soundly anchored in the theory and methodology of legal science and based on a deep knowledge of judicial practices. The author contends that Europe is still suffering from the failure of the Constitutional Treaty and is practicing the new institutional equilibrium afforded by the coming into force of the Reform Treaty. The book goes on to explore the methodological implications of such constitutional complexity for the study of EU law. The Tangled Complexity of the EU Constitutional Process will be of particular interest to academics and students in the disciplines of Law, International Relations and Political Science.

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Database

EUR-Lex provides free access to European Union law and other documents considered to be public. The collection  include  treaties, international agreements, legislation in force, preparatory acts, case-law and parliamentary questions.

The European e-Justice Portal implemented by the Commission in very close cooperation with EU countries, provides a wealth of information and links on laws and practices in all EU countries. The resources range from information on legal aid, judicial training, European small claims and videoconferencing to links to legal databases, online insolvency and land registers. It also includes user-friendly forms for various judicial proceedings, such as the European order for payment. The portal benefits citizens, businesses, lawyers and judges with cross-border legal questions and boosts mutual understanding of different legal systems by contributing to the creation of a single European area of justice.

Blogs

  • The Origins of EU and EMU: Towards a Post-Westphalian Paradigm

    The theoretical hallmark of the European Union is its flexible approach to sovereignty. According to the Westphalian system of international relations which forms the prevailing paradigm in international law and lies at the heart of the organisation of the United Nations, sovereignty is one and indivisible. States are sovereign and without sovereignty there is no State. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, Philosopher of Law, Director of Euroknow and Creator of the Boardgame Eurocracy.

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  • Exit Data Retention Directive: a Victory for Privacy in Europe!

    Last Tuesday, April 8, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Data Retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC, 15 March 2006) invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. In the view of the Court, the requirement in the Data Retention Directive for mobile operators and internet service providers to retain data interfered in a “particularly serious manner with the fundamental rights to respect for private life and to the protection of personal data”.

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  • Europe: Backwards or Forwards?

    In an apocalyptic essay, written at the height of the euro-crisis in 2012, Joseph Weiler predicted that the European Union will turn on its member-states in a similar way as the Golem of Prague persecuted its creators in the 16th century. The author paves the way for this conclusion by attributing a dimension of ‘political messianism’ to the statements of the founding fathers, which turns the Schuman-declaration into a roadmap to ‘the Promised Land’. As messianic narratives are doomed to collapse, the European project is set to disappoint and alienate the populace as well. Consequently, the EU creates the conditions for its own destruction.

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  • Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

    For decades, the process of European integration has been hampered by the predominance of the Westphalian system of international relations. According to this system, which owes its name to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the process of European integration had to result either in the creation of a federal European state or in the establishment of a confederal union of states. Founded in 1992, the EU defied the Westphalian paradigm from the outset.

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  • Ukraine, Moving East or West?

    Although Yanukovych has claimed many times to seek good ties with Russia and the EU simultaneously, it seems that by refusing to sign the Association Agreement (AA) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU last November, the power balance is tipping towards Russia. As an alternative to further EU integration, Russia has been actively promoting Ukraine to join the Russian-led Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, which in the future could progress towards a further integrated Eurasian Union.

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  • Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    The Italian banker and politician Padoa-Schioppa used to describe Great-Britain as the Venice of Europe. Drawing a comparison between the Italian unification in the 19th century and the present process of European integration, Padoa-Schioppa suggested that the UK is and will remain as reluctant to give up the pound in favour of euro as Venice has been to join the Italian lira. The implication of the comparison is, of course, that, however grudgingly, in the end the UK will accept the common European currency as well.

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  • The European Union as a Common Democracy

    As a young democracy the EU urgently needs to strengthen its legitimacy and accountability. The transition from a traditional union of nation states to a polity of citizens and member states requires a fundamental adjustment of governance structures. The primordial challenge for the coming decades is therefore to address the democratic deficit and to turn the EU into a living democracy.

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  • A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    On June 28th 2011 Peter Kooijmans participated in a conference about the place of the EU in international law, which was held in the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace under the auspices of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and the Carnegie Foundation. According to a blog on this website, one of the participants started the debate on the presumption that ‘the EU is a thing for which lawyers have no name’.

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  • Cameron and the Intricacies of the Westphalian System of International Relations

    In his long-awaited speech on Europe British Prime Minister David Cameron criticised the EU for its lack of democracy. PM Cameron is right insofar as the citizens of the EU can’t elect their own European government and miss the power to vote their leaders out of office. However, Cameron’s criticism would only be justified if the EU were to be considered as a sovereign state like the UK, France or Germany.

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  • The EU and the Nobel Peace Prize: Who will say thank you?

    European Council President Herman Van Rompuy or Jose-Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission or Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament? Together they will fly to Oslo on December 10 to represent the main institutions of the EU at the acceptance ceremony for the Nobel Peace Prize 2012.

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  • The Novelty of the EU

    For decades, the debate about the future of the European Union has been dominated by the dilemma whether the EU was to become a federal state or should establish itself as a union of states. After the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, however, it may be suggested that the deadlock in the debate about the finalité politique has been broken. The gist of this blog is to argue that the Lisbon Treaty construes the EU as a democracy without turning the Union into a state. This conclusion can be underpinned as follows.

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  • Internet governance 2012: Who should control the Internet?

    In the last twenty years, the Internet has had a tremendous impact on society and the term “Internet governance” was introduced. At first it was mainly used to describe the technical management of the Internet such as domain names and internet protocols. Nowadays governance refers to questions like “Do we all accept our responsibilities to safeguard the continued development of the Internet as a global, open and safe virtual environment? and Who sets the rules? In this blog I will give a few highlights of the current developments of internet governance on an International and (as well as on) an European level.

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  • The EU as a democratic polity in international law

    On June 28, 2011 a conference was held about The European Union (hereafter EU) as a Polity in International Law at the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference was held at the initiative of Mr. Jaap Hoeksma, Director of Euroknow. This initiative was supported by Dr P. H. Kooijmans, Prof Dr L-J Brinkhorst, Dr W.F. van Eekelen, Dr W.van Gerven and Dr Th. van Boven.

    The theme of the conference was the legal status of the European Union and its relationship with international law.From its inception, the main goal of the European Union and its integration in the legal as well as political systems of the Member states has been faced with conceptual problems regarding the final goal of the establishment of the European Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss whether the Lisbon Treaty has overcome the problems by constructing the EU as a democratic polity without turning the Union into a state. If so, what are the consequences for the place of the EU as a polity in international law and for its role in international relations?

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  • European nuclear safety after the Japanese Fukushima disaster

    On Friday 11 March 2011, Japan was struck by a devastating earthquake and tsunami, also known as the Tōhoku earthquake. Japan’s nuclear crisis that was caused by the earthquake and tsunami has so far evoked many questions and worries about the safety of nuclear energy just like the Chernobyl disaster evoked responses in the 1980s. It raises questions about the possible impact of nuclear energy industry on safety and health. Several European countries have discussed the use of nuclear energy and safety measures or have temporarily shut down nuclear reactors since the Japanese earthquake of 11 March 2011.

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  • International and European criminal measures on intellectual property rights

    On October 2, 2010, the 11th and final round of the negotiations for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was concluded successfully in Tokyo, Japan. The Government of Japan hosted the negotiations. Participants in the negotiations included Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) – represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the [...]

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  • Roma Rights in the European Union.

    In July 2010, The French government decided to begin to expel Roma’s, mainly from Romania and Bulgaria, as many of them were living in France illegally. This decision caused much controversy within the Institutions of the EU. This blog will briefly discuss in what way EU institutions have responded to recent Roma issues and what can be done to improve the position of this marginalized community in Europe.

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  • EU Enlargement Strategy and Progress Reports 2009

    On 14 October 2009 the European Commission adopted its annual strategy document explaining its policy on EU enlargement. The document includes also a summary of the progress made over the last twelve months by each candidate and potential candidate: Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, [...]

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  • The European Union’s ‘ContraFake’ policy

    Counterfeiting, which represents 5 to 7% of world trade, has implications on the competitiveness of EU companies, on jobs and on the health and security of EU citizens. László Kovác, European Commissioner in charge of Taxation and Customs Union, states his vision on the fight against counterfeiting as follows. ‘Customs have a vital role [...]

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