European Union

Introduction

Europe unie construit la paix

In 2012, the European Union (EU) received the Nobel Peace Prize for its decades-long contribution to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. When the first steps towards supranational cooperation were made in the aftermath of World War II, primarily targeted at preventing the rearmament of Germany, the Founding Fathers of the European integration could never have imagined this outcome in their wildest dreams. Over the years, the supranational cooperation would widen – from the original European Communities and deepen – from the originally almost purely economically inspired Communities to the current Union with a say in almost all areas of national competence. At the same time, problems with the Euro have plunged the EU in one of the biggest crises since its inception. This challenges lawmakers to tackle difficult questions about the continued existence of the Euro and the future direction of the European integration project.
Promotion of peace is one the objective of the European integration project but also the well-being of the peoples, and the promotion of certain common values: respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. The EU also aims to offer European citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers, and an economically healthy and sustainable internal market. The EU also developed a common foreign and security policy. In its relations with the wider world, the EU proclaims to uphold and promote its values and interests and contribute to the protection of its citizens. The EU has an institutional framework at its disposal, which has the task to promote the EU ‘s values, advance the EU’s objectives, and serve the interests of the EU citizens and Member States, both within and outside Europe. The EU’s legislative organs are the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. The executive organ is the European Council. The European Commission oversees the application of Union law by Member States, and the Court of Justice of the European Union, being the EU’s judicial organ, ensures that Member States correctly apply EU law.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on the European Union. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index code European Union in General and subject heading (keyword) European Union are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Articles

Documents

 Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

 

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1. Europejskaja prokuratura
Europejskaja prokuratura / Ivanka Kotorova. - Sofija : Sibi, 2014. - 460 pages. ; 21 cm Includes bibliographical references. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Justice and home affairs, European prosecutor, European criminal procedure,

2. Die Untersuchungen des Europäischen Amtes für Betrugsbekämpfung (OLAF)
Die Untersuchungen des Europäischen Amtes für Betrugsbekämpfung (OLAF) : Kontrollen der EU im Grenzbereich zwischen Verwaltungsverfahren und strafrechtlichen Ermittlungsverfahren / Stefan Strobel. - Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2012. - 358 pages. ; 23 cm. - (Gießener Schriften zum Strafrecht und zur Kriminologie ; Band 41) Originally doctoral dissertation at Universität Giessen, 2011. - Bibliography: page 343-358. - With notes. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Fraud, Economic crimes, European criminal law, Justice and home affairs,

3. La notion de droit privé européen
La notion de droit privé européen / Élise Poillot. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 9-33 In: Les frontières du droit privé européen = The boundaries of European private law / sous la direction d'Elise Poillot et Isabelle Rueda, ISBN 2804451038: (2012), Page 9-33. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European private law, Choice of law,

4. Droit européen des sociétés
Droit européen des sociétés / Michel Menjucq. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 163-168 In: Les frontières du droit privé européen = The boundaries of European private law / sous la direction d'Elise Poillot et Isabelle Rueda, ISBN 2804451038: (2012), Page 163-168. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European private law, European company, Council regulation (EC) No 1346/2000 of 29 May 2000 on insolvency proceedings,

5. Le droit du travail européen
Le droit du travail européen / Achim Seifert. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 169-188 In: Les frontières du droit privé européen = The boundaries of European private law / sous la direction d'Elise Poillot et Isabelle Rueda, ISBN 2804451038: (2012), Page 169-188. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European private law, Employees, Open method of coordination, Labour law,

6. Intellectual Property in European Private Law
Intellectual Property in European Private Law / Pedro A. De Miguel Asensio. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 189-213 In: Les frontières du droit privé européen = The boundaries of European private law / sous la direction d'Elise Poillot et Isabelle Rueda, ISBN 2804451038: (2012), Page 189-213. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European private law, Copyright law, Trademarks, Patents, Intellectual property,

7. Market Regulation in in European Private Law: the European Regulation of the Financial Markets
Market Regulation in in European Private Law: the European Regulation of the Financial Markets / Corrado Malberti. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 217-226 In: Les frontières du droit privé européen = The boundaries of European private law / sous la direction d'Elise Poillot et Isabelle Rueda, ISBN 2804451038: (2012), Page 217-226. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European private law, Financial markets,

8. The Boundaries of Consumer Law and Private Law
The Boundaries of Consumer Law and Private Law / Geraint Howells. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 227-236 In: Les frontières du droit privé européen = The boundaries of European private law / sous la direction d'Elise Poillot et Isabelle Rueda, ISBN 2804451038: (2012), Page 227-236. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European private law, Consumers, Illicit commercial practices, Liability for defective products,

9. Rationalisation et relation en droit judicaire privé européen
Rationalisation et relation en droit judicaire privé européen / Emmanuel Jeuland. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 239-256 In: Les frontières du droit privé européen = The boundaries of European private law / sous la direction d'Elise Poillot et Isabelle Rueda, ISBN 2804451038: (2012), Page 239-256. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European private law, Regulation (EC) No 861/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 establishing a European Small Claims Procedure, Regulation (EC) No 1896/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 12 December 2006 creating a European order for payment procedure, Regulation (EC) No 805/2004 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 21 April 2004 creating a European Enforcement Order for uncontested claims, Judicial assistance, Law of european civil procedure,

10. Discussing the Boundaries of European Private Law: Criminal Law and European Private Law
Discussing the Boundaries of European Private Law: Criminal Law and European Private Law / Katalin Ligeti. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 313-336 In: Les frontières du droit privé européen = The boundaries of European private law / sous la direction d'Elise Poillot et Isabelle Rueda, ISBN 2804451038: (2012), Page 313-336. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European private law, Justice and home affairs, European criminal law,

11. Aux frontières du droit privé européen
Aux frontières du droit privé européen : le droit de l'environnement / Isabelle Michallet. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 337-350 In: Les frontières du droit privé européen = The boundaries of European private law / sous la direction d'Elise Poillot et Isabelle Rueda, ISBN 2804451038: (2012), Page 337-350. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European private law, Environmental protection,

12. The Maastricht Treaty at Twenty: a Greco-European Tragedy?
The Maastricht Treaty at Twenty: a Greco-European Tragedy? / James A. Caporaso & Min-Hyung Kim. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 85-105 In: The Maastricht Treaty: Second Thoughts after 20 Years / edited by Thomas Christiansen and Simon Duke, ISBN 9780415641265: (2013), Page 85-105. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Greece, Treaty on European Union (Maastricht, 7 February 1992), European integration, European Economic and Monetary Union, Economic crisis, Government debts, Economic policy,

13. "Maastricht Plus": Managing the Logic of Inherent Imperfections
"Maastricht Plus": Managing the Logic of Inherent Imperfections / Kenneth Dyson. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 107-124 In: The Maastricht Treaty: Second Thoughts after 20 Years / edited by Thomas Christiansen and Simon Duke, ISBN 9780415641265: (2013), Page 107-124. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Treaty on European Union (Maastricht, 7 February 1992), European integration, European Economic and Monetary Union, Euro, Monetary policy,

14. Post-Maastricht Civil Society and Participatory Democracy
Post-Maastricht Civil Society and Participatory Democracy / Beate Kohler-Koch. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 125-140 In: The Maastricht Treaty: Second Thoughts after 20 Years / edited by Thomas Christiansen and Simon Duke, ISBN 9780415641265: (2013), Page 125-140. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Treaty on European Union (Maastricht, 7 February 1992), European integration, Civil society, Democracy, Participation, Politics,

15. In the Face of Crisis: Input Legitimacy, Output Legitimacy and the Political Messianism of European Integration
In the Face of Crisis: Input Legitimacy, Output Legitimacy and the Political Messianism of European Integration / J.H.H. Weiler. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 141-157 In: The Maastricht Treaty: Second Thoughts after 20 Years / edited by Thomas Christiansen and Simon Duke, ISBN 9780415641265: (2013), Page 141-157. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, European integration, Legitimacy, Democracy, Politics, European constitutional law,

16. The Arc of Institutional Reform in Post-Maastricht Treaty Change
The Arc of Institutional Reform in Post-Maastricht Treaty Change / Desmond Dinan. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 159-174 In: The Maastricht Treaty: Second Thoughts after 20 Years / edited by Thomas Christiansen and Simon Duke, ISBN 9780415641265: (2013), Page 159-174. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Treaty on European Union (Maastricht, 7 February 1992), European integration, Institutional law, Reform, European constitutional law,

17. Adieu thuislandcontrole?
Adieu thuislandcontrole? : prudentieel toezicht door de Europese Centrale Bank op kredietinstellingen gevestigd in de Eurozone / Pieter Van Cleynenbreugel In: Tijdschrift voor rechtspersoon en vennootschap = ISSN 0775-3969: (2014), issue 2, page 89-117. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, European Central Bank, Monetary policy, Risk assessment, Prudential measures, Monitoring,

18. La responsabilité des intermédiaires en droit des marques et en droit d'auteur à la lumière de la récente jurisprudence européenne
La responsabilité des intermédiaires en droit des marques et en droit d'auteur à la lumière de la récente jurisprudence européenne / Virginie Fossoul In: Revue de Droit Commercial Belge = ISSN 0777-2416: (2014), issue 5, page 462-489. - 2014
Keywords: Benelux Economic Union, European Union, Marks, Counterfeit, Likeness, Intermediary,

19. Jurisprudence de la Cour de justice concernant la directive pratiques commerciales déloyales
Jurisprudence de la Cour de justice concernant la directive pratiques commerciales déloyales / Jules Stuyck. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 13-26 In: Droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales : Évolution et perspectives / sous la direction d'Evelyne Terryn et Denis Voinot, ISBN 9782804451639: (2012), Page 13-26. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Illicit commercial practices, Directives, Preliminary rulings,

20. Évolution du droit des pratiques commerciales déloyales dans les relations entre consommateurs et professionnels - et si nous lisions mieux les considérants de la directive 2005/29?
Évolution du droit des pratiques commerciales déloyales dans les relations entre consommateurs et professionnels - et si nous lisions mieux les considérants de la directive 2005/29? / Andrée Puttemans. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 26-31 In: Droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales : Évolution et perspectives / sous la direction d'Evelyne Terryn et Denis Voinot, ISBN 9782804451639: (2012), Page 26-31. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Illicit commercial practices, Directives, Consumers,

21. Le contrôle de l'application du droit des pratiques commerciales déloyales - l'expérience du règlement 2006/2004 relatif à la coopération en matière de protection des consommateurs
Le contrôle de l'application du droit des pratiques commerciales déloyales - l'expérience du règlement 2006/2004 relatif à la coopération en matière de protection des consommateurs / Evelyne Terryn. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 33-59 In: Droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales : Évolution et perspectives / sous la direction d'Evelyne Terryn et Denis Voinot, ISBN 9782804451639: (2012), Page 33-59. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Illicit commercial practices, Regulation, Consumers, Protection,

22. Vers une action de groupe au plan européen?
Vers une action de groupe au plan européen? / Silvia Pietrini. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 60-85 In: Droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales : Évolution et perspectives / sous la direction d'Evelyne Terryn et Denis Voinot, ISBN 9782804451639: (2012), Page 60-85. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Illicit commercial practices, Class actions, Consumers, Protection,

23. The European acquis of civil procedure
The European acquis of civil procedure : constitutional aspects / Sacha Prechal, Kees Cath In: Uniform Law Review = ISSN 1124-3694: vol. 19, issue 2, page 179-198. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Law of european civil procedure, Constitutional law, Community law and municipal law,

24. La détermination de sanctions effectives, proportionnées et dissuasives des pratiques commerciales déloyales
La détermination de sanctions effectives, proportionnées et dissuasives des pratiques commerciales déloyales / Gaël Chantepie. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 86-103 In: Droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales : Évolution et perspectives / sous la direction d'Evelyne Terryn et Denis Voinot, ISBN 9782804451639: (2012), Page 86-103. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Illicit commercial practices, Sanctions, Consumers, Protection,

25. Harmonisation des pratiques commerciales déloyales
Harmonisation des pratiques commerciales déloyales : protection des entreprises? / Gert Straetmans. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 107-135 In: Droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales : Évolution et perspectives / sous la direction d'Evelyne Terryn et Denis Voinot, ISBN 9782804451639: (2012), Page 107-135. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Illicit commercial practices, Directives, Consumers, Protection, Unification of law,

26. La lutte contre les retards de paiement dans les transactions commerciales
La lutte contre les retards de paiement dans les transactions commerciales : une harmonisation du droit des pratiques commerciales déloyales dans les relations entre professionnels? / Denis Voinot. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 136-143 In: Droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales : Évolution et perspectives / sous la direction d'Evelyne Terryn et Denis Voinot, ISBN 9782804451639: (2012), Page 136-143. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Illicit commercial practices, Directives, Payments, Commercial obligations, Unification of law,

27. Quel(s) modèle(s) pour un droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales entre professionnels?
Quel(s) modèle(s) pour un droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales entre professionnels? / Muriel Chagny. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 145-156 In: Droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales : Évolution et perspectives / sous la direction d'Evelyne Terryn et Denis Voinot, ISBN 9782804451639: (2012), Page 145-156. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Illicit commercial practices, Unfair competition,

28. Vers un règlement européen unique relatif aux pratiques commerciales déloyales "b2c" et "b2b"?
Vers un règlement européen unique relatif aux pratiques commerciales déloyales "b2c" et "b2b"? / Bert Keirsbilck. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 156-175 In: Droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales : Évolution et perspectives / sous la direction d'Evelyne Terryn et Denis Voinot, ISBN 9782804451639: (2012), Page 156-175. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Illicit commercial practices, Unfair competition, Directives,

29. Droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales
Droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales : Rapport conclusif / Martine Béhar-Touchais. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 177-195 In: Droit européen des pratiques commerciales déloyales : Évolution et perspectives / sous la direction d'Evelyne Terryn et Denis Voinot, ISBN 9782804451639: (2012), Page 177-195. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Illicit commercial practices, Unfair competition, Directives,

30. Mediation in the European Union and Abroad: 60 States Divided by a Common Word?
Mediation in the European Union and Abroad: 60 States Divided by a Common Word? / Manon Schonewille and Jeremy Lack. - The Hague, The Netherlands : Eleven International Publishing. - Page 19-44 In: The Variegated Landscape of Mediation : A Comparative Study of Mediation Regulation and Practices in Europe and the World / Manon Schonewille and Dr. Fred Schonewille (eds.), ISBN 9789462361119: (2014), Page 19-44. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Alternative dispute resolution,

31. Le Régime d'asile européen commun et la Convention de Genève de 1951
Le Régime d'asile européen commun et la Convention de Genève de 1951 / Christophe Pouly. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 51-67 In: La protection internationale et européenne des réfugiés : La Convention de Genève du 28 juillet 1951 relative au statut des réfugiés à l'épreuve du temps / sous la direction d'Anne-Marie Tournepiche, ISBN 9782233007025: (2014), Page 51-67. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Convention relating to the Status of Refugees (Geneva, 28 July 1951), Refugees, Asylum, Immigration,

32. The Humanitarian Legal Framework as Applicable to the European Union Peace Missions
The Humanitarian Legal Framework as Applicable to the European Union Peace Missions / José Luis Rodríguez Villasante. - Valencia, España : Psylicom Distribuciones Editoriales. - Page 32-38 In: The Integration of the Human Rights Component and International Humanitarian Law in Peace Missions led by the European Union : International Colloquium, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain, 25-26 November 2010 / Mariano J. Aznar & Milena Costas, eds., ISBN 9788493813086: (2011), Page 32-38. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Special missions, Peacekeeping, Conflict management, Human rights, International humanitarian law,

33. International Human Rights Law as a Legal Framework Applicable to EU Missions
International Human Rights Law as a Legal Framework Applicable to EU Missions / Félix Vacas Fernández. - Valencia, España : Psylicom Distribuciones Editoriales. - Page 38-50 In: The Integration of the Human Rights Component and International Humanitarian Law in Peace Missions led by the European Union : International Colloquium, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain, 25-26 November 2010 / Mariano J. Aznar & Milena Costas, eds., ISBN 9788493813086: (2011), Page 38-50. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Special missions, Peacekeeping, Conflict management, Human rights, International humanitarian law, Community law and international law,

34. EU Missions, International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and International Human Rights Law (IHRL)
EU Missions, International Humanitarian Law (IHL) and International Human Rights Law (IHRL) / Marco Sassòli. - Valencia, España : Psylicom Distribuciones Editoriales. - Page 50-56 In: The Integration of the Human Rights Component and International Humanitarian Law in Peace Missions led by the European Union : International Colloquium, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain, 25-26 November 2010 / Mariano J. Aznar & Milena Costas, eds., ISBN 9788493813086: (2011), Page 50-56. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, International organizations, Special missions, Peacekeeping, Human rights, International humanitarian law, Community law and municipal law,

35. Drafting EU Missions' Mandates and Rules of Engagement: Application and Assessment of Human Rights Component and International Humanitarian Law
Drafting EU Missions' Mandates and Rules of Engagement: Application and Assessment of Human Rights Component and International Humanitarian Law / Stephane Kolanowski. - Valencia, España : Psylicom Distribuciones Editoriales. - Page 56-60 In: The Integration of the Human Rights Component and International Humanitarian Law in Peace Missions led by the European Union : International Colloquium, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain, 25-26 November 2010 / Mariano J. Aznar & Milena Costas, eds., ISBN 9788493813086: (2011), Page 56-60. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Special missions, Peacekeeping, Human rights, Rules of Engagement, International humanitarian law,

36. The Application of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law in Drafting EU Missions' Mandates and Rules of Engagement
The Application of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law in Drafting EU Missions' Mandates and Rules of Engagement / Frederic Naert. - Valencia, España : Psylicom Distribuciones Editoriales. - Page 61-71 In: The Integration of the Human Rights Component and International Humanitarian Law in Peace Missions led by the European Union : International Colloquium, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain, 25-26 November 2010 / Mariano J. Aznar & Milena Costas, eds., ISBN 9788493813086: (2011), Page 61-71. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Common security and defence policy, Special missions, Peacekeeping, Conflict management, Human rights, Rules of Engagement, International humanitarian law,

37. Comments and Ideas on the Papers of F. Naert and Stephane Kolanowski
Comments and Ideas on the Papers of F. Naert and Stephane Kolanowski / Stephan Miller. - Valencia, España : Psylicom Distribuciones Editoriales. - Page 71-74 In: The Integration of the Human Rights Component and International Humanitarian Law in Peace Missions led by the European Union : International Colloquium, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain, 25-26 November 2010 / Mariano J. Aznar & Milena Costas, eds., ISBN 9788493813086: (2011), Page 71-74. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Special missions, Peacekeeping, Human rights, Rules of Engagement, International humanitarian law, Conflict management, Common security and defence policy,

38. Coordination and Cooperation within Civilian and Military Missions
Coordination and Cooperation within Civilian and Military Missions / Fabrice Leggeri. - Valencia, España : Psylicom Distribuciones Editoriales. - Page 74-89 In: The Integration of the Human Rights Component and International Humanitarian Law in Peace Missions led by the European Union : International Colloquium, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain, 25-26 November 2010 / Mariano J. Aznar & Milena Costas, eds., ISBN 9788493813086: (2011), Page 74-89. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management, Special missions, International co-operation,

39. Co-ordination and Co-operation of the OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina with the European Union
Co-ordination and Co-operation of the OSCE Mission to Bosnia and Herzegovina with the European Union / Gary D. Robbins. - Valencia, España : Psylicom Distribuciones Editoriales. - Page 97-103 In: The Integration of the Human Rights Component and International Humanitarian Law in Peace Missions led by the European Union : International Colloquium, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain, 25-26 November 2010 / Mariano J. Aznar & Milena Costas, eds., ISBN 9788493813086: (2011), Page 97-103. - 2011
Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, European Union, Common security and defence policy, International co-operation, Conflict management, Human rights,

40. Violations of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law in the Context of EU Missions: Assessment of EU Liability
Violations of Human Rights and International Humanitarian Law in the Context of EU Missions: Assessment of EU Liability / Gilles Marhic. - Valencia, España : Psylicom Distribuciones Editoriales. - Page 111-118 In: The Integration of the Human Rights Component and International Humanitarian Law in Peace Missions led by the European Union : International Colloquium, Universitat Jaume I, Castellón, Spain, 25-26 November 2010 / Mariano J. Aznar & Milena Costas, eds., ISBN 9788493813086: (2011), Page 111-118. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Special missions, Conflict management, Human rights, Accountability, International humanitarian law,

41. Harmonization and Burden Redistribution in the Two Europes
Harmonization and Burden Redistribution in the Two Europes / Rosemary Byrne. - Celtenham, UK ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar Publishing. - Page 399-421 In: Human Rights and Refugee Law / edited by James C. Hathaway, ISBN 9781781009390: (2013), Page 399-421. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Asylum, Accession, New members, Harmonisation, Distribution, Immigration,

42. Änderungen im Internationalen Verbraucherprozessrecht durch die Neufassung der EuGVVO

43. Amending the European Insolvency Regulation to Strengthen Main Proceedings
Amending the European Insolvency Regulation to Strengthen Main Proceedings / by Antonio Leandro In: Rivista di diritto internazionale privato e processuale = ISSN 0035-6174: vol. 50, issue 2, page 317-340. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Insolvency, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Council regulation (EC) No 1346/2000 of 29 May 2000 on insolvency proceedings,

44. The EU - China Mutual Recognition Agreement of Authorised Economic Operators (AEOs): a Paradigm of Customs Co-operation?
The EU - China Mutual Recognition Agreement of Authorised Economic Operators (AEOs): a Paradigm of Customs Co-operation? / Jason Chuah In: International Trade Law and Regulation = ISSN 1357-3136: vol. 20, issue 4, page 86-95. - 2014
Keywords: China, European Union, Customs law, International co-operation, Bilateral agreements,

45. Der autonome Vollzug von EU-Recht anhand ausgewählter Kompetenzen Südtirols
Der autonome Vollzug von EU-Recht anhand ausgewählter Kompetenzen Südtirols / Thomas Mathà. - Wien : Facultas.wuv. - Page 95-107 In: 40 Jahre Zweites Autonomiestatut : Südtirols Sonderautonomie im Kontext der europäischen Integration / herausgegeben von Dr. Esther Happacher und Dr. Walter Obwexer, ISBN 9783708911038: (2013), Page 95-107. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Austria, South Tyrol, Autonomy, Community law and municipal law, European integration, Competence, Directives,

46. Die Mitwirkung des Landes Südtirol am europäischen Integrationsprozess
Die Mitwirkung des Landes Südtirol am europäischen Integrationsprozess / Jens Woelk. - Wien : Facultas.wuv. - Page 108-138 In: 40 Jahre Zweites Autonomiestatut : Südtirols Sonderautonomie im Kontext der europäischen Integration / herausgegeben von Dr. Esther Happacher und Dr. Walter Obwexer, ISBN 9783708911038: (2013), Page 108-138. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Austria, South Tyrol, European integration, Community law and municipal law, Constitutional law,

47. Der Vertrag von Lissabon: neue Möglichkeiten für die Regionen am Beispiel der Südtirol-Autonomie
Der Vertrag von Lissabon: neue Möglichkeiten für die Regionen am Beispiel der Südtirol-Autonomie / Anna Gamper. - Wien : Facultas.wuv. - Page 141-157 In: 40 Jahre Zweites Autonomiestatut : Südtirols Sonderautonomie im Kontext der europäischen Integration / herausgegeben von Dr. Esther Happacher und Dr. Walter Obwexer, ISBN 9783708911038: (2013), Page 141-157. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Austria, South Tyrol, Community law and municipal law, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Regionalism, Regions,

48. Der EVTZ als neues Instrument grenzüberschreitender Zusammenarbeit am Beispiel der Europaregion Tirol-Südtirol-Trentino
Der EVTZ als neues Instrument grenzüberschreitender Zusammenarbeit am Beispiel der Europaregion Tirol-Südtirol-Trentino / Francesco Palermo ; [Übersetzung der italienischen Originalversion: Esther Happacher]. - Wien : Facultas.wuv. - Page 158-172 In: 40 Jahre Zweites Autonomiestatut : Südtirols Sonderautonomie im Kontext der europäischen Integration / herausgegeben von Dr. Esther Happacher und Dr. Walter Obwexer, ISBN 9783708911038: (2013), Page 158-172. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Austria, South Tyrol, Co-operation, Autonomy,

49. Modelle zur Weiterentwicklung der Autonomie
Modelle zur Weiterentwicklung der Autonomie / Esther Happacher. - Wien : Facultas.wuv. - Page 173-194 In: 40 Jahre Zweites Autonomiestatut : Südtirols Sonderautonomie im Kontext der europäischen Integration / herausgegeben von Dr. Esther Happacher und Dr. Walter Obwexer, ISBN 9783708911038: (2013), Page 173-194. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Austria, Italy, South Tyrol, Autonomy, Constitutions, Community law and municipal law,

50. The Goals of EU Competition Law
The Goals of EU Competition Law / Pietro Manzini. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 21-33 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 21-33. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Competition, Cartels and monopolies, Community law,

51. Defining Agreements and Concerted Practices Restricting Competition in EU Competition Law
Defining Agreements and Concerted Practices Restricting Competition in EU Competition Law / Filippo Amato. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 35-46 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 35-46. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Competition, Unfair competition, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Community law,

52. The Scope of EU and National Competition Law: the Effect on Interstate Trade Criterion in Practice
The Scope of EU and National Competition Law: the Effect on Interstate Trade Criterion in Practice / Igor Taccani. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 47-72 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 47-72. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Competition, International trade, Community law and municipal law, Case-law,

53. Piercing the Corporate Veil in EU Competiton Law: the Parent Subsidiary Relationship and Antitrust Liability
Piercing the Corporate Veil in EU Competiton Law: the Parent Subsidiary Relationship and Antitrust Liability / Bernardo Cortese. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 73-109 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 73-109. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Competition, Cartels and monopolies, Unfair competition, Evidence, Criminal liability, Case-law,

54. Antitrust Enforcement after the Entry into Force of Regulation No. 1/2003: the Interplay between the Commission and the NCAs and the Need for an Enhanced Role of national Courts
Antitrust Enforcement after the Entry into Force of Regulation No. 1/2003: the Interplay between the Commission and the NCAs and the Need for an Enhanced Role of national Courts / Francesco Munari. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 111-127 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 111-127. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Competition, Cartels and monopolies, Private enforcement,

55. The Effects on Private Enforcement of the Commission's and National Competition Authorities' Decisions: an Italian Perspective
The Effects on Private Enforcement of the Commission's and National Competition Authorities' Decisions: an Italian Perspective / Dario Ruggiero. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 129-143 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 129-143. - 2014
Keywords: Italy, European Union, European Commission, Competition, Cartels and monopolies, Private enforcement, Community law and municipal law,

56. Defining the Role of Courts and Administrative Bodies in Private Enforcement in Europe: United in Diversity?
Defining the Role of Courts and Administrative Bodies in Private Enforcement in Europe: United in Diversity? / Bernardo Cortese. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 145-178 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 145-178. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Municipal courts, Competition, Private enforcement, Amicus curiae, Community law and municipal law,

57. Preliminary Rulings and Competition Law: Some Reflections for National Judges
Preliminary Rulings and Competition Law: Some Reflections for National Judges / Daniele P. Domenicucci. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 179-221 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 179-221. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Municipal courts, Competition, Community law and municipal law, Preliminary rulings,

58. The European Court of Justice and the Shaping of Private Enforcement of EU Antitrust Law through Preliminary Rulings
The European Court of Justice and the Shaping of Private Enforcement of EU Antitrust Law through Preliminary Rulings / Paolo Iannuccelli. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 223-240 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 223-240. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Competition, Private enforcement, Preliminary rulings, Case-law,

59. The Court of Justice "Antitrust Enforcement Negative Harmonisation Framework" and the "CDC'and "Pfleiderer" Judgments: "Another Brick in the Wall"
The Court of Justice "Antitrust Enforcement Negative Harmonisation Framework" and the "CDC'and "Pfleiderer" Judgments: "Another Brick in the Wall" / Lorenzo F. Pace. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 241-255 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 241-255. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Competition, Cartels and monopolies, Private enforcement, Community law and municipal law, Case-law,

60. Competition Enforcement in the Electronic Communications Sector: the Case of Margin Squeeze
Competition Enforcement in the Electronic Communications Sector: the Case of Margin Squeeze / Fabio Filpo. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 311-332 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 311-332. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Electronic communications, Competition, Abuse of a dominant position, Prices, Community law,

61. Promoting Information Pluralism through EU Law: Regulation or Competition Law in the Audiovisual Sector?
Promoting Information Pluralism through EU Law: Regulation or Competition Law in the Audiovisual Sector? / Roberto Mastroianni. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 333-346 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 333-346. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Audiovisual materials, Audio-visual works, Media, Broadcasting, Competition, Community law,

62. Restrictions on Parallel Trade of Pharmaceitical Products and EU Competition Law
Restrictions on Parallel Trade of Pharmaceitical Products and EU Competition Law / Francesco Liberatore. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 347-357 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 347-357. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Pharmaceuticals, International trade, Competition, Cartels and monopolies, Community law,

63. EU Competition Law and the Financial Services Sector
EU Competition Law and the Financial Services Sector / Stefano Nicolin. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Wolters Kluwer, Law & Business. - Page 359-366 In: EU Competition Law : between Public and Private Enforcement / edited by Bernardo Cortese, ISBN 9789041146779: (2014), Page 359-366. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Financial services, Competition,

64. Le delegazioni dell'Unione europea dopo il Trattato di Lisbona: struttura, funzioni e "status"
Le delegazioni dell'Unione europea dopo il Trattato di Lisbona: struttura, funzioni e "status" / Elisa Baroncini In: Diritto comunitario e degli scambi internazionali = ISSN 0391-6111: vol. 53, issue 1-2, page 1-73. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Delegation of powers, Representation of states in international organizations, Diplomatic and consular immunities, Common foreign and security policy, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007),

65. Parlamento e Commissione
Parlamento e Commissione : il difficile equilibrio fra rappresentanza e governabilità nell 'Unione Europea / Andrea Gratteri In: La Comunità internazionale = ISSN 0010-5066: vol. 69, issue 2, page 237-260. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Parliament, European Council, Elections, Political representation, Governance,

66. Alcuni profili problematici della competenza dell'Unione Europea in materia di investimenti diritti esteri
Alcuni profili problematici della competenza dell'Unione Europea in materia di investimenti diritti esteri / Alfredo Rizzo In: La Comunità internazionale = ISSN 0010-5066: vol. 69, issue 2, page 261-268. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Foreign direct investment, Mouvement de capitaux, Bilateral investment treaties, International dispute settlement,

67. Territorial Scope of European Private Law: The Perspective of International Organisations
Territorial Scope of European Private Law: The Perspective of International Organisations / Herbert Kronke. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 125-135 In: Les frontières du droit privé européen = The boundaries of European private law / sous la direction d'Elise Poillot et Isabelle Rueda, ISBN 2804451038: (2012), Page 125-135. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European private law, Territoriality, International organizations,

68. Les frontières spatiales du droit privé européen selon le droit de l'Union européenne
Les frontières spatiales du droit privé européen selon le droit de l'Union européenne / Marc Fallon. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 65-123 In: Les frontières du droit privé européen = The boundaries of European private law / sous la direction d'Elise Poillot et Isabelle Rueda, ISBN 2804451038: (2012), Page 65-123. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European private law, Choice of law, Private international law,

69. Les droits fondamentaux: nouvelle frontière du droit privé européen?
Les droits fondamentaux: nouvelle frontière du droit privé européen? / Jean-Pierre Marguénaud. - Bruxelles : Larcier. - Page 47-63 In: Les frontières du droit privé européen = The boundaries of European private law / sous la direction d'Elise Poillot et Isabelle Rueda, ISBN 2804451038: (2012), Page 47-63. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European private law, Human rights, Family life, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950),

70. To Sanction (or Not to Sanction) Procedural Flaws at EU Level
To Sanction (or Not to Sanction) Procedural Flaws at EU Level : a Step Forward in the Creation of an EU Criminal Process / Michelle Caianiello In: European Journal of Crime Criminal Law and Criminal Justice = ISSN 0928-9569: vol. 22, issue 4, page 317-329. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European criminal procedure, Guidelines, Implementation, Community law and municipal law,

71. Hacia una nueva regulación de las cuentas de pago en un contexto de crisis económica
Hacia una nueva regulación de las cuentas de pago en un contexto de crisis económica : más transparencia y accesibilidad en la Unión Europea / Gema Tomdi Martínez In: Revista de la Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana = ISSN 0120-3886: vol. 44, issue 120, page 87-116. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Banks, Payments, European Payments Union,

72. The Institutional Innovation of the Lender of Last Resort Facility in the Eurozone
The Institutional Innovation of the Lender of Last Resort Facility in the Eurozone / Kun Hu In: Journal of European Integration = ISSN 0703-6337: vol. 36, issue 7, page 627-640. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Economic crisis, European Central Bank, Governance, Economy, Monetary policy,

73. In It Together Yet Worlds Apart?
In It Together Yet Worlds Apart? : EU-ASEAN Counter Terrorism Cooperation After the Bali Bombings / Felix Heiduk In: Journal of European Integration = ISSN 0703-6337: vol. 36, issue 7, page 697-713. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Justice and home affairs, Terrorism, Prevention, Association of South East Asian Nations, Bureaucracy, International co-operation,

74. The Missing Link between "Necessity" and "Approximation of Criminal Sanctions" in the EU
The Missing Link between "Necessity" and "Approximation of Criminal Sanctions" in the EU / Wendy De Bondt In: EuCLR, European Criminal Law Review = ISSN 2191-7442: vol. 4, issue 2, page 147-168. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Criminal law, Penalty, Unification of law,

75. Quo Vadis with Vulnerable Defendants in the EU?
Quo Vadis with Vulnerable Defendants in the EU? / Michaël Meysman In: EuCLR, European Criminal Law Review = ISSN 2191-7442: vol. 4, issue 2, page 179-194. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Accused, Safeguards, Criminal procedure, Unification of law,

76. Durchbruch für ein Recht auf Vergessen(werden)?
Durchbruch für ein Recht auf Vergessen(werden)? : die Entscheiding des EuGH in Sachen Google Spain und ihre Auswirkungen auf das Datenschutz- und Zivilrecht / Professor Dr. Gerald Spindler In: Juristenzeitung = ISSN 0022-6882: vol. 69, issue 20, page 981-991. - 2014
Keywords: Spain, Internet, Data protection, Internet providers, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Judgments,

77. EU-Freizügigkeit für nicht erwerbstätige Unionsbürger?
EU-Freizügigkeit für nicht erwerbstätige Unionsbürger? / Professor Dr. Dr. h.c. Kay Hailbronner In: Juristenzeitung = ISSN 0022-6882: vol. 69, issue 18, page 869-877. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Citizenship, Free movement, Persons, Social security, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007),

78. Proactief natuurbeleid na "Briels
Proactief natuurbeleid na "Briels : quo vadis" artikel 6, lid 3 habitatrichtlijn? / Doctorraatsassistent Hendrik Schoukens In: Tijdschrift voor Milieurecht = ISSN 0779-374X: (2014), issue 5, page 403-405. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, The Netherlands, Environmental protection, European environmental law, Community law and municipal law, Municipal courts, Conservation, Habitats, Directives,

79. Bureaucracy and Democracy: Intra-Parliamentary Delegation in European Union Affairs
Bureaucracy and Democracy: Intra-Parliamentary Delegation in European Union Affairs / Thomas Winzen In: Journal of European Integration = ISSN 0703-6337: vol. 36, issue 7, page 677-695. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European integration, Parliaments, Democracy, Delegation of powers, Bureaucracy,

80. La nuova disciplina europea della competenza giurisdizionale in materia di successioni mortis causa
La nuova disciplina europea della competenza giurisdizionale in materia di successioni mortis causa / Ornella Feraci In: Cuadernos de derecho transnacional = ISSN 1989-4570: vol. 5, issue 2, page 291-314. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Estate, Jurisdiction, Habitual residence, Forum shopping, Prorogation of jurisdiction, European private law,

81. La responsabilidad civil del árbitro: cuestiones de derecho internacional privado

82. Hacia un sistema unitario europeo en materia de ley aplicable a las sucesiones internacionales
Hacia un sistema unitario europeo en materia de ley aplicable a las sucesiones internacionales / Raúl Lafuente Sánchez In: Cuadernos de derecho transnacional = ISSN 1989-4570: vol. 5, issue 2, page 350-370. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Estate, Private international law, European private law, Community law and municipal law,

83. La adaptación de la normativa reguladora del derecho de desistimiento a las exigencias de la directiva 2011/83/UE sobre derechos de los consumidore
La adaptación de la normativa reguladora del derecho de desistimiento a las exigencias de la directiva 2011/83/UE sobre derechos de los consumidore / Inmaculada Llorente San Segundo In: Cuadernos de derecho transnacional = ISSN 1989-4570: vol. 5, issue 2, page 371-397. - 2013
Keywords: Spain, European Union, Consumers, Contracts, Withdrawal, Community law and municipal law,

84. El ámbito de aplicación material y la ley aplicable en la propuesta de Reglamento Roma IV: algunos problemas y omisiones
El ámbito de aplicación material y la ley aplicable en la propuesta de Reglamento Roma IV: algunos problemas y omisiones / Helena Mota In: Cuadernos de derecho transnacional = ISSN 1989-4570: vol. 5, issue 2, page 428-447. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Marital property, Legal regime, European private law,

85. La propuesta de reglamento de compraventa europea: cuestiones generales, en especial su ámbito de aplicación
La propuesta de reglamento de compraventa europea: cuestiones generales, en especial su ámbito de aplicación / Luis Antonio Velasco San Pedro In: Cuadernos de derecho transnacional = ISSN 1989-4570: vol. 5, issue 2, page 468-480. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Sale, Law of contracts, Consumers, Unification of law, European private law,

86. Daños privados por contaminación en el tráfico externo: a propósito del caso Akpan vs. Shell (Nigeria)
Daños privados por contaminación en el tráfico externo: a propósito del caso Akpan vs. Shell (Nigeria) / Laura García Álvarez In: Cuadernos de derecho transnacional = ISSN 1989-4570: vol. 5, issue 2, page 548-583. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Corporate groups, Branches, Non-contractual liability, Environmental damage, Judicial competence, Choice of law,

87. Of Civil Wrongs and Rights: Kiyemba v. Obama and the Meaning of Freedom, Separation of Powers, and the Rule of Law Ten Years after 9/11
Of Civil Wrongs and Rights: Kiyemba v. Obama and the Meaning of Freedom, Separation of Powers, and the Rule of Law Ten Years after 9/11 / by Katherine L. Vaughns In: Asian (American) Law Journal = ISSN 0389-1178: vol. 20, issue 1, page 7-52. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Trademarks, Implementation, Territory, Cases,

88. The Schengen system after Lisbon: from cooperation to integration
The Schengen system after Lisbon: from cooperation to integration / Emilio De Capitani In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 1, page 101-118. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Schengen Agreement (14 June 1985), Frontex, Borders, Governance,

89. The material scope of competence of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office: Lex uncerta and unpraevia?
The material scope of competence of the European Public Prosecutor’s Office: Lex uncerta and unpraevia? / John A. E. Vervaele In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 1, page 85-99. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), European prosecutor, Competence, European criminal procedure, Legality, Human rights,

90. Criminal justice cooperation in the European Union after the first few “steps”: a defence view
Criminal justice cooperation in the European Union after the first few “steps”: a defence view / Ilias Anagnostopoulos In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 1, page 9-24. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Justice and home affairs, Recognition and enforcement of penal sentences, Fair administration of justice, European criminal procedure,

91. Intellectual property law and the Single Market: the way ahead
Intellectual property law and the Single Market: the way ahead / Florence Hartmann-Vareilles In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 2, page 159-168. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common market, Intellectual property, Patents, Trademarks, Industrial property,

92. Genuine use and the Court of Justice decision in Leno Merken v Hagelkruis (ONEL/OMEL): a question of fact for the national judge
Genuine use and the Court of Justice decision in Leno Merken v Hagelkruis (ONEL/OMEL): a question of fact for the national judge / Marianne Grabrucker In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 2, page 169-181. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Trademarks, Implementation, Territory, Cases,

93. The present and future of the interaction between trade marks and geographical indications in Community law
The present and future of the interaction between trade marks and geographical indications in Community law / Benjamin Fontaine In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 2, page 183-196. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Trademarks, Geographical indications, Vin, Agricultural products, Community law,

94. Strengthening the governance of national financial supervision in the EU: existing weaknesses and a proposal for reform
Strengthening the governance of national financial supervision in the EU: existing weaknesses and a proposal for reform / Christopher P. Buttigieg In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 2, page 197-227. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Financial services, Governance, Regulation, Monitoring,

95. Legal aspects of surcharging for specific payment methods—more consistent rules needed!
Legal aspects of surcharging for specific payment methods—more consistent rules needed! / Tilman Kuhn, Henning Wegmann In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 2, page 243-262. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Financial services, Payments, Costs, Most-favoured-nation clause, Payment cards,

96. The reform of regional aid: trends and challenges from a legal perspective
The reform of regional aid: trends and challenges from a legal perspective / Massimo Merola, Simone Donzelli In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 2, page 263-281. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Subsidies and countervailing measures, Regions, Legal regime,

97. State aid modernisation in action: regional airports and renewable energies
State aid modernisation in action: regional airports and renewable energies / Patrick Thieffry In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 2, page 283-302. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Subsidies and countervailing measures, Renewable energy resources, Airports,

98. Domestic inheritance tax rules in EU Member States regarding cross-border successions
Domestic inheritance tax rules in EU Member States regarding cross-border successions / Nathalie Weber-Frisch, Radia Duquennois-Djoua In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 3, page 409-424. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Member states, Estate, Fiscal law, Free movement, Case-law,

99. European Certificate of Succession—content, issue and effects
European Certificate of Succession—content, issue and effects / Christian Hertel In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 3, page 393-407. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Estate, Registration, Bona fides, Habitual residence,

100. Online consumer contracts
Online consumer contracts / Joasia Luzak In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 3, page 381-392. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, E-commerce, Consumers, Protection, Information, Withdrawal,

101. Cross-border healthcare in the EU: Interaction between Directive 2011/24/EU and the Regulations on social security coordination
Cross-border healthcare in the EU: Interaction between Directive 2011/24/EU and the Regulations on social security coordination / Dolores Carrascosa Bermejo In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 3, page 359-380. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Medical services, Patients, Free movement, Social security, Costs, Restitution,

102. Les droits du travail européens face à la crise
Les droits du travail européens face à la crise / Sylvaine Laulom In: ERA Forum : scripta iuris Europaei = ISSN 1863-9038: vol. 15, issue 3, page 325-336. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Economic crisis, Labour law, Employment, Termination of employment,

Librarian's choice

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  • Steiner, J., L. Woods and P. Watson, Steiner and Woods EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014. Showcase item

    Steiner, J., L. Woods and P. Watson, Steiner and Woods EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Steiner & Woods EU law is fully updated and revised to reflect the latest case law and debates in EU law including new discussion of Pringle and the Eurozone crisis and the accession of Croatia to the EU. The book features extensively revised and restructured coverage of competition law and enforcement, includes substantially revised chapters on citizenship and discrimination, taking account of the fast-moving case law in these areas. The book features additional case detail and improved presentation of key facts and judgments. Now in its twelfth edition, Steiner & Woods EU Law is rightfully regarded as one of the best and most trusted EU law textbooks available. The book includes a well-balanced range of topics for students taking an EU law course at any level. It offers a careful blend of institutional and substantive coverage and focuses on explaining the law clearly for student readers, as well as raising areas of debate to inform class discussion and essays.The case detail is clearly sign-posted throughout the text, including excerpts from leading judgements, while diagrams distil complex tests and procedures to visually represent the workings of the EU. End of chapter reading suggestions plus a detailed bibliography provide a helpful starting point for essay preparation and independent research. The book is accompanied by a free Online Resource Centre (www.oxfordtextbooks.co.uk/orc/steiner_woods12e/).

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  • Klamert, M., The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Klamert, M., The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Despite its seemingly innocuous wording, in what is now Article 4 (3) TEU, the principle of loyalty has had a significant impact in deepening the reach of EU law within the Member States. The duty of sincere cooperation has been interpreted strongly by the European Courts as imposing serious duties on States to give strong effect to European legal acts. The principle has been central to the development of Union law since the 1960s, and is still being relied on by the European Court of Justice to often-controversial effect. Providing a thorough discussion of the principle of loyalty in EU law, this book introduces a novel classification of the very diverse roles loyalty plays in the EU. It distinguishes between the effects loyalty prescribes for interlocking the legal orders of the Member States with Union law, its application in preventing and resolving conflicts between the Union and the Member States, and the loyalty principle’s role in the shaping of EU law. It addresses important and yet unresolved questions pertaining to loyalty, such as its relation to the principles of solidarity, pre-emption, the Union interest, institutional balance, and the unity of international representation. The book explains why loyalty has been neglected in the prevailing narratives about the foundational case law of the European Court of Justice, and highlights its central importance to understanding EU public law.

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  • Glencross, A., The Politics of European Integration : Political Union or a House Divided?, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    Glencross, A., The Politics of European Integration : Political Union or a House Divided?, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    This book is a systematic, up-to-date exploration of the politics of European integration that includes balanced coverage of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Union. The book examines European integration as a contested political process that continues to divide and inspire nations, citizens, and politicians.  The book also provides students with the analytical tools to consider why the EU functions as it currently does, whether the EU is sufficiently democratic, the politics behind EU legislation, debates over foreign policy, proposals for institutional reform, and the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis. Finally the book brings together the latest scholarly research from comparative politics, international relations, law, and democratic theory.

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  • Lenaerts, K., Maselis, I., Gutman, K., EU Procedural law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Lenaerts, K., Maselis, I., Gutman, K., EU Procedural law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    The European Union is unique amongst international organisations in that it has a highly developed and coherent system of judicial protection. The rights derived from Union law can be enforced in court, as opposed to other international organisations whereby enforceability is often far less certain. At the heart of the system of judicial protection in the European Union is the core principle of upholding the rule of law. As such, the stakes are high in the sense that the system of the judicial protection in the European Union must live up to its promise in which ndividuals, Member States and Union institutions are all guaranteed a route by which to enforce Union law rights. This book provides a rigorously structured analysis of the EU system of judicial protection and procedure before the Union courts. It examines the role and the competences of the Union courts and the types of actions that may be brought before them, such as the actions for infringement, annulment, and failure to act, as well as special forms of procedure, for example interim relief, appeals, and staff cases. In doing so, special attention is given to the fields of EU competition law and State aid. In addition it evaluates the relationship between the Court of Justice and the national courts through the preliminary ruling procedure and the interplay between EU law and the national procedural frameworks generally. Throughout, it takes account of significant institutional developments, including the relevant changes brought by the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and the amendments to the Statute of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the Rules of Procedure of the Court of Justice and the General Court.

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  • Jacob, M., Precedents and Case-based Reasoning in the European Court of Justice : Unfinished Business, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Jacob, M., Precedents and Case-based Reasoning in the European Court of Justice : unfinished Business, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Past cases are the European Court of Justice’s most prominent tool in making and justifying the rulings and decisions which affect the everyday lives of more than half a billion people. Marc Jacob’s detailed analysis of the use of precedents and case-based reasoning in the Court uses methods such as doctrinal scholarship, empirical research, institutional analysis, comparative law and legal theory in order to unravel and critique the how and why of the court’s precedent technique. In doing so, he moves the wider debate beyond received ‘common law’ versus ‘civil law’ figments and ‘Eurosceptic’ versus ‘Euromantic’ battle lines, and also provides a useful blueprint for assessing and comparing the case law practices of other dispute resolution bodies.

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  • Hobolt, S.B., Tilley, J., Blaming Europe? : Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Hobolt, S.B., Tilley, J., Blaming Europe? : Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    A key component of democratic accountability is that citizens understand ‘who is to blame’. Nonetheless, little is known about how citizens attribute responsibility in the European Union or how those perceptions of responsibility matter. This book presents the first comprehensive account of how citizens assign blame to the EU, how politicians and the media attempt to shift blame and finally, how it matters for electoral democracy. Based on rich and unique data sources, Blaming Europe? sheds light on all three aspects of responsibility in the EU. First, it shows that while institutional differences between countries shape citizen judgements of EU responsibility, those judgements are also highly determined by pre-existing attitudes towards the EU. Second, it demonstrates that neither politicians nor the media assign much blame to the EU. Third, it establishes that regardless of whether voters are capable of accurately assigning responsibility, they are not able to hold their EU representatives to account via the ballot box in European elections due to the lack of an identifiable ‘European government’ to reward or punish. As a consequence, when citizens hold the EU responsible for poor performance, but are unable to sanction an EU incumbent, they lose trust in the EU as a whole instead. In conclusion, it argues that this ‘accountability deficit’ has significant implications for the future of the European Union.

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  • Peers, S., Harvey, T. Kenner, J. and A. Ward (eds), The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights : a Commentary, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, Hart Publishing, 2014.

    Peers, S., Harvey, T. Kenner, J. and A. Ward (eds), The Eu charter of fundamental rights : a commentary, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, Hart Publishing, 2014.

    The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union enshrines the key political, social and economic rights of EU citizens and residents in EU law. In its present form it was approved in 2000 by the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the European Commission. However its legal status remained uncertain until the entry into
    force of the Treaty of Lisbon in December 2009. The Charter obliges the EU to act and legislate consistently with the Charter, and enables the EU’s courts to strike down EU legislation which contravenes it. The Charter applies to EU Member States when they are implementing EU law but does not extend the competences of the EU beyond the competences given to it in the treaties. This Commentary on the Charter, the first in English, written by experts from several EU Member States, provides an authoritative but succinct statement of how the Charter impacts upon EU, domestic and international law. Following the conventional article-by-article approach, each commentator offers an expert view of how each article is either already being interpreted in the courts, or is likely to be interpreted. Each commentary is referenced to the case law and is augmented with extensive references to further reading. Six cross-cutting introductory chapters explain the Charter’s institutional anchorage, its relationship to the Fundamental Rights Agency, its interaction with other parts of international human rights law, the enforcement mechanisms, extraterritorial scope, and the all-important ‘Explanations’.

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  • Dörr, O. (Hrsg.), Staatshaftung in Europa : nationales und Unionsrecht, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2014.

    Dörr, O. (Hrsg.), Staatshaftung in Europa : nationales und Unionsrecht, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2014.

    This reference work provides a systematic presentation of the liability systems in EU member states for the first time. Similarities and differences between EU states’ various legal systems are presented and also explained in terms of Union Law. In addition, approaches to establishing a uniform state liability law in the future are outlined. This work includes, on the one hand, more than twenty reports about the state liability systems in the individual member states; on the other hand, comprehensive specialized report explain the entire European context and present comparative conclusions on the individual specialized topics. Based on the synopsis of the state liability systems together with the current state of Union liability as developed in case law, the law on state liability in the EU is extensively analyzed and its capability to develop based on general legal principles is defined.

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Database

EUR-Lex provides free access to European Union law and other documents considered to be public. The collection  include  treaties, international agreements, legislation in force, preparatory acts, case-law and parliamentary questions.

The European e-Justice Portal implemented by the Commission in very close cooperation with EU countries, provides a wealth of information and links on laws and practices in all EU countries. The resources range from information on legal aid, judicial training, European small claims and videoconferencing to links to legal databases, online insolvency and land registers. It also includes user-friendly forms for various judicial proceedings, such as the European order for payment. The portal benefits citizens, businesses, lawyers and judges with cross-border legal questions and boosts mutual understanding of different legal systems by contributing to the creation of a single European area of justice.

Blogs

  • The Identity of the European Union

    The question concerning the nature of the EU has been one of the most contested political and academic issues of the last fifty years. From the outset, the debate about European integration has been dominated by the dilemma as to whether the project should result in the emergence of a sovereign state of Europe or in the formation of a Europe of sovereign states. This line of thought leads to the suggestion that, anno 2014, the identity of the EU may be described with the following words: the EU is a Union of citizens and member states which functions as a common democracy.

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  • European Court of Justice Clarification of the Research and Private Study Exception to Copyright Infringement for Libraries

    On Thursday 11 September 2014, the European Court of Justice ruled on the meaning of the research and private study exception to copyright infringement for libraries, educational establishments, museums and archives. The Court decided that libraries are allowed to digitise books and make them available to the public at e-reading points within its vicinity, without the author’s permission. The judgment was issued in Case C-117/13, Technische Universität Darmstadt v Eugen Ulmer KG.

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  • Connecting Habermas with International Law

    The financial crisis has intensified the debate about the feasibility of the European Union as a new phenomenon in international law. In his essay ‘On Europe’s Constitution’, philosopher Jürgen Habermas underlines that he regards the EU as a step in the direction of a politically constituted world order. In an 2012 interview Habermas focuses on the conceptual challenges of the EU by asking the quintessential question: How should we imagine a for closer co-operation necessary, supranational association which complies with stringent demands of democratic legitimacy without assuming the shape of a state?

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  • ECJ Judgment: Private Copying Levy Cannot Include Copies Made from Unlawful Sources!

    The European Court of Justice has been pretty busy the past weeks. On Tuesday, April 8th 2014, the Court has declared the Data Retention Directive invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. On Thursday, April 10th 2014, the Court has given its verdict on a complicated Dutch case involving the home-copying exception of European copyright legislation, and the associated use of copyright levies on blank media.

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  • The Origins of EU and EMU: Towards a Post-Westphalian Paradigm

    The theoretical hallmark of the European Union is its flexible approach to sovereignty. According to the Westphalian system of international relations which forms the prevailing paradigm in international law and lies at the heart of the organisation of the United Nations, sovereignty is one and indivisible. States are sovereign and without sovereignty there is no State. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, Philosopher of Law, Director of Euroknow and Creator of the Boardgame Eurocracy.

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  • Exit Data Retention Directive: a Victory for Privacy in Europe!

    Last Tuesday, April 8, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Data Retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC, 15 March 2006) invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. In the view of the Court, the requirement in the Data Retention Directive for mobile operators and internet service providers to retain data interfered in a “particularly serious manner with the fundamental rights to respect for private life and to the protection of personal data”.

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  • Europe: Backwards or Forwards?

    In an apocalyptic essay, written at the height of the euro-crisis in 2012, Joseph Weiler predicted that the European Union will turn on its member-states in a similar way as the Golem of Prague persecuted its creators in the 16th century. The author paves the way for this conclusion by attributing a dimension of ‘political messianism’ to the statements of the founding fathers, which turns the Schuman-declaration into a roadmap to ‘the Promised Land’. As messianic narratives are doomed to collapse, the European project is set to disappoint and alienate the populace as well. Consequently, the EU creates the conditions for its own destruction.

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  • Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

    For decades, the process of European integration has been hampered by the predominance of the Westphalian system of international relations. According to this system, which owes its name to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the process of European integration had to result either in the creation of a federal European state or in the establishment of a confederal union of states. Founded in 1992, the EU defied the Westphalian paradigm from the outset.

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  • Ukraine, Moving East or West?

    Although Yanukovych has claimed many times to seek good ties with Russia and the EU simultaneously, it seems that by refusing to sign the Association Agreement (AA) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU last November, the power balance is tipping towards Russia. As an alternative to further EU integration, Russia has been actively promoting Ukraine to join the Russian-led Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, which in the future could progress towards a further integrated Eurasian Union.

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  • Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    The Italian banker and politician Padoa-Schioppa used to describe Great-Britain as the Venice of Europe. Drawing a comparison between the Italian unification in the 19th century and the present process of European integration, Padoa-Schioppa suggested that the UK is and will remain as reluctant to give up the pound in favour of euro as Venice has been to join the Italian lira. The implication of the comparison is, of course, that, however grudgingly, in the end the UK will accept the common European currency as well.

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  • The European Union as a Common Democracy

    As a young democracy the EU urgently needs to strengthen its legitimacy and accountability. The transition from a traditional union of nation states to a polity of citizens and member states requires a fundamental adjustment of governance structures. The primordial challenge for the coming decades is therefore to address the democratic deficit and to turn the EU into a living democracy.

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  • A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    On June 28th 2011 Peter Kooijmans participated in a conference about the place of the EU in international law, which was held in the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace under the auspices of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and the Carnegie Foundation. According to a blog on this website, one of the participants started the debate on the presumption that ‘the EU is a thing for which lawyers have no name’.

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  • Cameron and the Intricacies of the Westphalian System of International Relations

    In his long-awaited speech on Europe British Prime Minister David Cameron criticised the EU for its lack of democracy. PM Cameron is right insofar as the citizens of the EU can’t elect their own European government and miss the power to vote their leaders out of office. However, Cameron’s criticism would only be justified if the EU were to be considered as a sovereign state like the UK, France or Germany.

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  • The EU and the Nobel Peace Prize: Who will say thank you?

    European Council President Herman Van Rompuy or Jose-Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission or Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament? Together they will fly to Oslo on December 10 to represent the main institutions of the EU at the acceptance ceremony for the Nobel Peace Prize 2012.

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  • The Novelty of the EU

    For decades, the debate about the future of the European Union has been dominated by the dilemma whether the EU was to become a federal state or should establish itself as a union of states. After the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, however, it may be suggested that the deadlock in the debate about the finalité politique has been broken. The gist of this blog is to argue that the Lisbon Treaty construes the EU as a democracy without turning the Union into a state. This conclusion can be underpinned as follows.

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  • Internet governance 2012: Who should control the Internet?

    In the last twenty years, the Internet has had a tremendous impact on society and the term “Internet governance” was introduced. At first it was mainly used to describe the technical management of the Internet such as domain names and internet protocols. Nowadays governance refers to questions like “Do we all accept our responsibilities to safeguard the continued development of the Internet as a global, open and safe virtual environment? and Who sets the rules? In this blog I will give a few highlights of the current developments of internet governance on an International and (as well as on) an European level.

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  • The EU as a democratic polity in international law

    On June 28, 2011 a conference was held about The European Union (hereafter EU) as a Polity in International Law at the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference was held at the initiative of Mr. Jaap Hoeksma, Director of Euroknow. This initiative was supported by Dr P. H. Kooijmans, Prof Dr L-J Brinkhorst, Dr W.F. van Eekelen, Dr W.van Gerven and Dr Th. van Boven.

    The theme of the conference was the legal status of the European Union and its relationship with international law.From its inception, the main goal of the European Union and its integration in the legal as well as political systems of the Member states has been faced with conceptual problems regarding the final goal of the establishment of the European Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss whether the Lisbon Treaty has overcome the problems by constructing the EU as a democratic polity without turning the Union into a state. If so, what are the consequences for the place of the EU as a polity in international law and for its role in international relations?

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  • European nuclear safety after the Japanese Fukushima disaster

    On Friday 11 March 2011, Japan was struck by a devastating earthquake and tsunami, also known as the Tōhoku earthquake. Japan’s nuclear crisis that was caused by the earthquake and tsunami has so far evoked many questions and worries about the safety of nuclear energy just like the Chernobyl disaster evoked responses in the 1980s. It raises questions about the possible impact of nuclear energy industry on safety and health. Several European countries have discussed the use of nuclear energy and safety measures or have temporarily shut down nuclear reactors since the Japanese earthquake of 11 March 2011.

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  • International and European criminal measures on intellectual property rights

    On October 2, 2010, the 11th and final round of the negotiations for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was concluded successfully in Tokyo, Japan. The Government of Japan hosted the negotiations. Participants in the negotiations included Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) – represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the [...]

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  • Roma Rights in the European Union.

    In July 2010, The French government decided to begin to expel Roma’s, mainly from Romania and Bulgaria, as many of them were living in France illegally. This decision caused much controversy within the Institutions of the EU. This blog will briefly discuss in what way EU institutions have responded to recent Roma issues and what can be done to improve the position of this marginalized community in Europe.

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  • EU Enlargement Strategy and Progress Reports 2009

    On 14 October 2009 the European Commission adopted its annual strategy document explaining its policy on EU enlargement. The document includes also a summary of the progress made over the last twelve months by each candidate and potential candidate: Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, [...]

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  • The European Union’s ‘ContraFake’ policy

    Counterfeiting, which represents 5 to 7% of world trade, has implications on the competitiveness of EU companies, on jobs and on the health and security of EU citizens. László Kovác, European Commissioner in charge of Taxation and Customs Union, states his vision on the fight against counterfeiting as follows. ‘Customs have a vital role [...]

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