European Union

Introduction

Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

In 2012, the European Union (EU) received the Nobel Peace Prize for its decades-long contribution to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. When the first steps towards supranational cooperation were made in the aftermath of World War II, primarily targeted at preventing the rearmament of Germany, the Founding Fathers of the European integration could never have imagined this outcome in their wildest dreams. Over the years, the supranational cooperation would widen – from the original European Communities and deepen – from the originally almost purely economically inspired Communities to the current Union with a say in almost all areas of national competence. At the same time, problems with the Euro have plunged the EU in one of the biggest crises since its inception. This challenges lawmakers to tackle difficult questions about the continued existence of the Euro and the future direction of the European integration project. Promotion of peace is one the objective of the European integration project but also the well-being of the peoples, and the promotion of certain common values: respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. The EU also aims to offer European citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers, and an economically healthy and sustainable internal market. The EU also developed a common foreign and security policy. In its relations with the wider world, the EU proclaims to uphold and promote its values and interests and contribute to the protection of its citizens. The EU has an institutional framework at its disposal, which has the task to promote the EU ‘s values, advance the EU’s objectives, and serve the interests of the EU citizens and Member States, both within and outside Europe. The EU’s legislative organs are the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. The executive organ is the European Council. The European Commission oversees the application of Union law by Member States, and the Court of Justice of the European Union, being the EU’s judicial organ, ensures that Member States correctly apply EU law.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on the European Union. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index code European Union in General and subject heading (keyword) European Union are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

New titles


1. The Euro area crisis in constitutional perspective
The Euro area crisis in constitutional perspective / Alicia Hinarejos. - First edition, impression: 1. - Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2015. - XVII, 219 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Oxford studies in European law) Bibliography: page 203-214. - With notes and index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, Economic crisis, Financial markets, Constitutional law, History,

2. Regulierung und Wettbewerb
Regulierung und Wettbewerb : Koordinationsmechanismen im europäischen Energiesektor / Michael Hofmann ; Herausgeber: Rolf H. Weber, Carl Baudenbacher. - Zürich : Schulthess, 2013. - 382 pages. ; 23 cm. - (Europa Institut an der Universität Zürich ; 142) Originally thesis Universität Zürich, 2013. - Includes bibliographical references. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Energy, Energy policy, Cartels and monopolies, Competition,

3. Europäisches Verfassungsrecht
Europäisches Verfassungsrecht : vertragliches Europaverfassungsrecht, staatliches Verfassungsrecht : Textsammlung / herausgegeben von Prof. Dr. Ulrich Hufeld, Prod. Dr. Astrid Epiney, Prod. Dr. Franz Merli. - 3. Auflage. - Baden-Baden : Nomos ; Zürich : Schulthess ; Wien : facultas.wuv, 2014. - 780 pages. ; 21 cm. - (NomosGesetze) Stand: 1. November 2013. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Court of Human Rights, European constitutional law, Member states, Constitutions, Documents, Sources,

4. The European private international law of employment
The European private international law of employment / Uglješa Grušić. - Cambridge, United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press, 2015. - XXIX, 351 pages. ; 24 cm Bibliography: page 307-326. - Includes bibliographical notes and an index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Employees, Choice of law, Private international law,

5. Europäische Verantwortung und "Europäische Armee"
Europäische Verantwortung und "Europäische Armee" / Klaus Wittmann. - Berlin : BWV, Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag. - Page 194-209 In: Das Zeitalter der Einsatzarmee : Herausforderungen für Recht und Ethik / Fabian Forster, Sascha Vugrin, Leonard Wessendorff (Hrsg.), ISBN 9783830533801: (2014), Page 194-209. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Armed forces abroad, Common foreign and security policy, Armed forces, European security, Civil-military relations,

6. Von der Schaffung einer europäischen Armee trotz nationaler Vorbehalte
Von der Schaffung einer europäischen Armee trotz nationaler Vorbehalte / Bart van Winsen und Marc Würfel-Elberg. - Berlin : BWV, Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag. - Page 210-219 In: Das Zeitalter der Einsatzarmee : Herausforderungen für Recht und Ethik / Fabian Forster, Sascha Vugrin, Leonard Wessendorff (Hrsg.), ISBN 9783830533801: (2014), Page 210-219. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Europe, Armed forces abroad, Common foreign and security policy, Armed forces,

7. Het familiaal internationaal privaatrecht (inzake echtelijke moeilijkheden)
Het familiaal internationaal privaatrecht (inzake echtelijke moeilijkheden) : "too much europe"? / Febian Aps In: Tijdschrift voor familierecht = ISSN 1784-1674: (2015), issue 2-3, page 93-97. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Family law, European private law, Private international law, Community law and municipal law, Community law and international law, Families, Abduction,

8. Dalle biotecnologie al software: spunti per una riflessione critica sulla tutela delle invenzioni attuate a mezzo di elaboratore elettronico
Dalle biotecnologie al software: spunti per una riflessione critica sulla tutela delle invenzioni attuate a mezzo di elaboratore elettronico / Emanuela Arezzo. - Milano : Giuffrè Editore. - Page 225-246 In: Confini e fronti dell'innovazione biotecnologica per la proprietà intellettuale / a cura di Gustavo Olivieri, Valeria Falce e Emanuela Arezzo, ISBN 9788814183874: (2014), Page 225-246. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Innovation, Patents, Software, Technology, Biotechnology, Intellectual property, Community law,

9. Le statut de l'Union européenne au sein des organisations de la famille des Nations Unies
Le statut de l'Union européenne au sein des organisations de la famille des Nations Unies / Antal Berkes. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 13-62 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 13-62. - 2014
Keywords: United Nations, European Union, International co-operation, International relations, Common foreign and security policy, Statutes, Community law,

10. Le statut de l'Union européenne devant l'Assemblee générale après la résolution 65/276 du 10 mai 2011
Le statut de l'Union européenne devant l'Assemblee générale après la résolution 65/276 du 10 mai 2011 : une nouvelle catégorie d'observateurs? / François Delerue. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 63-80 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 63-80. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, General Assembly, Resolutions, Observers,

11. La représentation de l'Union européenne devant le Conseil de sécurité des nations Unies
La représentation de l'Union européenne devant le Conseil de sécurité des nations Unies : entre solidarité politique mutuelle des États membres et unicité de représentation de l'Union / Daniel Ventura. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 81-97 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 81-97. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, Security Council, Resolutions, Observers, Delegates, Solidarity, Member states, Common foreign and security policy, North Atlantic Treaty Organization,

12. Actualité des opérations extérieures de l'Union européenne
Actualité des opérations extérieures de l'Union européenne / Élise Daniel. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 101-125 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 101-125. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy,

13. Les fondements juridiques des opérations armées européennes
Les fondements juridiques des opérations armées européennes / Jaroslaw Mrowiec. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 127-145 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 127-145. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, United Nations, Common foreign and security policy, Armed forces, Peacekeeping, Community law and municipal law, Armed forces abroad, Military co-operation,

14. Les missions civiles extérieures de l'UE
Les missions civiles extérieures de l'UE : étude d'un cadre juridique nébuleux / Natalia Castro-Nino. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 147-166 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 147-166. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management,

15. Sanctions ciblées et rapports de systèmes
Sanctions ciblées et rapports de systèmes : la mise en œuvre par l'Union européenne des résolutions du Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies / Charlotte Beaucillon. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 169-187 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 169-187. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, Security Council, Resolutions, Common foreign and security policy, Community law and international law, International co-operation,

16. L'évolution des garanties procédurales dans l'ordre juridique de l'UE depuis les affaires "Kadi" - une évolution illusoire
L'évolution des garanties procédurales dans l'ordre juridique de l'UE depuis les affaires "Kadi" - une évolution illusoire / Jénya Grigorova. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 189-214 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 189-214. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, Cases, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Security Council, Law of procedure, Procedure, Community law and international law,

17. Sanctions ciblées et garanties procédurales
Sanctions ciblées et garanties procédurales : la position du Conseil de l'Europe / Marion Larché. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 221-260 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 221-260. - 2014
Keywords: United Nations, European Union, Council of Europe, Law of procedure, Procedure, Community law and international law, Charter of the United Nations (San Francisco, 26 June 1945), European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), International co-operation,

18. L'intérêt à agir de l'UE pour adopter des contre-mesures au regard des règles relatives à la responsabilité internationale
L'intérêt à agir de l'UE pour adopter des contre-mesures au regard des règles relatives à la responsabilité internationale / Denys-Sacha Robin. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 263-287 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 263-287. - 2014
Keywords: United Nations, European Union, Countermeasures, International responsibility, Common foreign and security policy, Community law and international law, Charter of the United Nations (San Francisco, 26 June 1945), International co-operation,

19. Les mesures restrictives de l'Union européenne à l'égard des États tiers
Les mesures restrictives de l'Union européenne à l'égard des États tiers / Emanuel Castellarin. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 289-305 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 289-305. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, Security Council, Community law and international law, International co-operation, Common foreign and security policy, Third states, Economic sanctions, Charter of the United Nations (San Francisco, 26 June 1945),

20. L'action de l'Union européenne en matière de lutte contre le terrorisme
L'action de l'Union européenne en matière de lutte contre le terrorisme / José Manuel Coelho. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 307-332 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 307-332. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, Common foreign and security policy, Terrorism, International co-operation, Protection of civilian persons,

21. The European Union and the Roma in Serbia
The European Union and the Roma in Serbia / Stephan Müller. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 325-338 In: Minderheitenfragen in Ungarn und in den Nachbarländern im 20. und 21. Jahrhundert / Enikő Dácz (Hrsg.), ISBN 9783848707799: (2013), Page 325-338. - 2013
Keywords: Serbia, European Union, Gypsies, Migration,

22. Brevi riflessioni su governance globale e costituzionalismo interlivello
Brevi riflessioni su governance globale e costituzionalismo interlivello / Luigi D'Andrea. - Napoli : Jovene Editore. - Page 181-189 In: Costituzionalismo e globalizzazione : atti del XXVII Convegno annuale, Salerno, 22-24 novembre 2012, ISBN 9788824323208: (2014), Page 181-189. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Global governance, Constitutionalism, Community law, Community law and municipal law,

23. Solidarietà costituzionali in una Europa rinnovata
Solidarietà costituzionali in una Europa rinnovata / Angelo Mattioni. - Napoli : Jovene Editore. - Page 207-217 In: Costituzionalismo e globalizzazione : atti del XXVII Convegno annuale, Salerno, 22-24 novembre 2012, ISBN 9788824323208: (2014), Page 207-217. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Solidarity, Constitutions, Community law, Community law and municipal law,

24. Het Handvest en de bescherming van nationale fundamentele rechten
Het Handvest en de bescherming van nationale fundamentele rechten : een analyse in het licht van het Europees mededingingsrecht / J.M. Veenbrink In: SEW : tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht = ISSN 0165-098X: vol. 63, issue 3, page 116-125. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Community law and municipal law, Competition, Case-law,

25. De Richtlijn betreffende schadevorderingen wegens inbreuken op het mededingingsrecht
De Richtlijn betreffende schadevorderingen wegens inbreuken op het mededingingsrecht / C.A.N.M.Y. Cauffman In: SEW : tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht = ISSN 0165-098X: vol. 63, issue 3, page 126-137. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Competition, Infraction, Claims, Compensation for damage, Cartels and monopolies,

26. Day-to-day EU Coordination in the Benelux
Day-to-day EU Coordination in the Benelux : From Domestic Consensus Politics to Consensual EU Coordination / Peter Bursens, Kathleen Hielscher and Mendeltje van Keulen. - London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 173-192 In: European Integration and Consensus Politics in the Low Countries / edited by Hans Vollaard, Jan Beyers and Patrick Dumont, ISBN 9780415659796: (2015), Page 173-192. - 2015
Keywords: Belgium, Luxemburg, The Netherlands, European Union, Government policy, European integration,

27. Ratifying the European Constitutional Treaty by Referendum
Ratifying the European Constitutional Treaty by Referendum : the End of Consensus Politics? / Joop van Holsteyn and Hans Vollaard. - London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 213-233 In: European Integration and Consensus Politics in the Low Countries / edited by Hans Vollaard, Jan Beyers and Patrick Dumont, ISBN 9780415659796: (2015), Page 213-233. - 2015
Keywords: Belgium, Luxemburg, The Netherlands, European Union, Referendum, European constitutional law,

28. The Aarhus Convention and the European Union
The Aarhus Convention and the European Union / Professor Ludwig Krämer. - Oxford : Hart Publishing. - Page 79-95 In: The Aarhus Convention : a Guide for UK Lawyers / edited by Charles Banner, ISBN 9781849465717: (2015), Page 79-95. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (Aarhus, 25 June 1998), Member states, European environmental law, Community law and international law, Community law and municipal law, International environmental law,

29. Access to and Collection of Environmental Information
Access to and Collection of Environmental Information / David Blundell. - Oxford : Hart Publishing. - Page 99-119 In: The Aarhus Convention : a Guide for UK Lawyers / edited by Charles Banner, ISBN 9781849465717: (2015), Page 99-119. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (Aarhus, 25 June 1998), Information, European environmental law, International environmental law, Commentaries,

30. Die Unionsbürgerschaft - Entwicklung und Probleme
Die Unionsbürgerschaft - Entwicklung und Probleme / Peter Hilpold$aut$ In: Europarecht = ISSN 0531-2485: vol. 50, issue 2, page 133-147. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Citizenship, Cases,

31. Public Participation in Environmental Decision-Making, Plan-Making and Executive Regulations - Articles 6, 7 and 8 of the Aarhus Convention
Public Participation in Environmental Decision-Making, Plan-Making and Executive Regulations - Articles 6, 7 and 8 of the Aarhus Convention / Simon Ricketts and Juliet Munn. - Oxford : Hart Publishing. - Page 121-139 In: The Aarhus Convention : a Guide for UK Lawyers / edited by Charles Banner, ISBN 9781849465717: (2015), Page 121-139. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (Aarhus, 25 June 1998), Public participation, European environmental law, International environmental law, Commentaries,

32. De onderzoeksbevoegdheden van de Commissie scherpgesteld
De onderzoeksbevoegdheden van de Commissie scherpgesteld / Mr. Y. de Vries In: Nederlands tijschrift voor Europees recht = ISSN 1382-4120: vol. 21, issue 3, page 63-71. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Court of Justice of the European Communities, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Inspection, Factfinding, Competition, Companies, Case-law,

33. Doorwerking van WTO-recht in de Europese rechtsorde: het toenemende belang van de verdragsconforme interpretatie
Doorwerking van WTO-recht in de Europese rechtsorde: het toenemende belang van de verdragsconforme interpretatie / Mr. N. van den Broek In: Nederlands tijschrift voor Europees recht = ISSN 1382-4120: vol. 21, issue 3, page 90-98. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, Direct effect, Interpretation, International trade,

34. Anatomy of EU Contract Harmonisation: Where Do We Stand?
Anatomy of EU Contract Harmonisation: Where Do We Stand? / Bruno Zeller In: International Trade Law and Regulation = ISSN 1357-3136: vol. 21, issue 2, page 41-51. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Contracts, European contract law, Unification of law, Sale,

35. Navigating the Complex World of International Sanctions
Navigating the Complex World of International Sanctions / Aline Doussin In: International Trade Law and Regulation = ISSN 1357-3136: vol. 21, issue 2, page 57-60. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Economic sanctions, Compliance,

36. De onafhankelijkheid van de Autoriteit Consument en Markt
De onafhankelijkheid van de Autoriteit Consument en Markt / L.M. Schouten en A.J.C. de Moor-van Vugt In: SEW : tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht = ISSN 0165-098X: vol. 63, issue 2, page 62-75. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Consumers, Legal protection, The Netherlands, Monitoring, Community law and municipal law,

37. De samenloop van het kapitaalverkeer en de vrijheid van vestiging: een duidelijke afbakening tussen de vrijheden op het gebied van de fiscale behandeling van dividenden?
De samenloop van het kapitaalverkeer en de vrijheid van vestiging: een duidelijke afbakening tussen de vrijheden op het gebied van de fiscale behandeling van dividenden? / U. Jaremba en M. Shadid In: SEW : tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht = ISSN 0165-098X: vol. 62, issue 11, page 502-511. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Companies, Common market, Free movement, Capital, Mouvement de capitaux, Establishment, Fiscal law, Community law, Cases,

38. Grensoverschrijdende omzetting na de arresten Cartesio en Vale
Grensoverschrijdende omzetting na de arresten Cartesio en Vale / M.A. Verbrugh In: SEW : tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht = ISSN 0165-098X: vol. 62, issue 11, page 512-523. - 2014
Keywords: The Netherlands, European Union, Companies, Establishment, Company law, Community law and municipal law, Case-law,

39. Europese bankenresolutie (SRM)
Europese bankenresolutie (SRM) : institutionele perspectieven / Dr. G. ter Kuile In: Nederlands tijschrift voor Europees recht = ISSN 1382-4120: vol. 21, issue 1, page 1-10. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Banks, European Economic and Monetary Union, Financial markets, Agencies,

40. Non bis in idem in Europa: de zaken "Spasic" en "M."
Non bis in idem in Europa: de zaken "Spasic" en "M." / Mr. dr. W.F. van Hattum In: Nederlands tijschrift voor Europees recht = ISSN 1382-4120: vol. 21, issue 1, page 11-20. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Ne bis in idem, Community law, Cases,

41. EU-burgerschap en de vrees voor sociaal toerisme: de zaak "Dano"
EU-burgerschap en de vrees voor sociaal toerisme: de zaak "Dano" / Prof. mr. F.J.L. Pennings In: Nederlands tijschrift voor Europees recht = ISSN 1382-4120: vol. 21, issue 2, page 39-44. - 2015
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Citizenship, Social security, Equality, Free movement, Case-law,

42. Advies 2/13 van het Hof van Justitie: flinke stap terug voor toetreding Europese Unie tot Europees Verdrag tot bescherming van de rechten van de mens
Advies 2/13 van het Hof van Justitie: flinke stap terug voor toetreding Europese Unie tot Europees Verdrag tot bescherming van de rechten van de mens / Dr. C.J. Van de Heyning In: Nederlands tijschrift voor Europees recht = ISSN 1382-4120: vol. 21, issue 2, page 55-61. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Accession, Advice,

43. De toekomst van het petitierecht en de Europese Ombudsman na het Europees burgerinitiatief
De toekomst van het petitierecht en de Europese Ombudsman na het Europees burgerinitiatief / Maaike Geuens In: Tijdschrift voor bestuurswetenschappen en publiekrecht = ISSN 0040-7437: vol. 70, issue 4-5, page 243-263. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Citizenship, Public participation, Right of petition, Requests,

44. Die ICT-Richtlinie - Ende einer europäischen Odyssee
Die ICT-Richtlinie - Ende einer europäischen Odyssee / Rechtsanwalt Sebastian Klaus In: Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik = ISSN 0721-5746: vol. 35, issue 1, page 1-12. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Foreign workers, Companies, Third states, Directives,

45. De Bruxelles I à Bruxelles I bis
De Bruxelles I à Bruxelles I bis / Jean-Louis Van Boxstael, Hakim Boularbah, Stéphanie Franq, Arnaud Nuyts, Jean-François van Drooghenbroeck, Patrick Wautelet In: Journal des tribunaux = ISSN 0021-812X: vol. 134, issue 6591, page 889-108. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Reform, Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments,

46. Deprivation of Nationality and Citizenship - the Role of EU Law
Deprivation of Nationality and Citizenship - the Role of EU Law / Adrian Berry In: Journal of Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law: vol. 28, issue 4, page 355-366. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Citizenship, Nationality, Statelessness,

47. L'avis 2/13 de la Cour de justice sur l'adhésion de l'Union européenne à la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme
L'avis 2/13 de la Cour de justice sur l'adhésion de l'Union européenne à la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme : pavane pour une adhésion défunte? / par Henri Labayle et Frédéric Sudre In: Revue française de droit administratif = ISSN 0763-1219: vol. 31, issue 1 (jan-feb), page 3-22. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Accession, Advice,

48. Die "bestimmte soziale Gruppe" "queer" gelesen - eine kritische Analyse der unionsrechtlichen Definition
Die "bestimmte soziale Gruppe" "queer" gelesen - eine kritische Analyse der unionsrechtlichen Definition / Wiebke Judith In: Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik = ISSN 0721-5746: vol. 34, issue 11, page 404-409. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Sexual orientation, Persecution, Refugees, Asylum, Immigration,

49. Nuevos rasgos del derecho privado en Europa
Nuevos rasgos del derecho privado en Europa / Reiner Schulze. - Madrid : Reus. - Page 139-166 In: 100 años de la Revista de derecho privado : 1913 - 2013 / Silvia Díaz Alabart (dir.) ; Guido Alpa, Hernán Corral Talciani, Isabel González Pacanowska, Antonio Pinto Monteiro, Reiner Schulze [autores], ISBN 9788429018233: (2014), Page 139-166. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Private law, European private law, European contract law,

50. Das Dublin-Asylsytem
Das Dublin-Asylsytem / Prof. Dr. Jan Bergmann In: Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik = ISSN 0721-5746: vol. 35, issue 3, page 81-90. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Convention Determining the State Responsible for Examining Applications for Asylum Lodged in one of the Member States of the European Communities (Dublin, 15 June 1990), Asylum, Refugees, Immigration,

51. Vom "Bremser" zur "Heizer"?
Vom "Bremser" zur "Heizer"? : Deutschlands europäische Arbeitsmigrationspolitik / Holger Kolb, Simon Fellmer In: Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik = ISSN 0721-5746: vol. 35, issue 3, page 105-108. - 2015
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Foreign workers, Right of residence, Directives, Community law and municipal law,

52. La captura almacenamiento de carbono: una novedosa técnica de reducción de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero regulada por la Unión Europea
La captura almacenamiento de carbono: una novedosa técnica de reducción de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero regulada por la Unión Europea = Carbon Capture and Storage: a Novel Technique for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulated by the European Union / Íñigo Sanz Rubiales In: Derecho-PUCP : Retos del Derecho Ambiental = ISSN 0251-3420: issue 70, page 165-186. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Climate change, Emissions, Carbon capture and storage, Accountability, European environmental law,

53. Coherence or Forum Shopping in Biofuels Sustainability Schemes
Coherence or Forum Shopping in Biofuels Sustainability Schemes / Hans Morten Haugen In: Nordic Journal of Human Rights = ISSN 1891-8131: vol. 33, issue 1, page 52-73. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Renewable energy resources, Sustainable development, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (New York, 16 December 1966), Corporate responsibility, Human rights,

54. Return to Your Seats and Fasten Your Seatbelts: The European Union Encounters Turbulence in the Application of Its Airline Emissions Trading System (Note)
Return to Your Seats and Fasten Your Seatbelts: The European Union Encounters Turbulence in the Application of Its Airline Emissions Trading System (Note) / by Joshua R. Thompson In: The George Washington International Law Review = ISSN 1534-9977: vol. 47, issue 2, page 383-419. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Climate change, Airlines, Tradable emission permits,

55. The Uncertain Future of Genocide Denial Laws in the European Union (Note)
The Uncertain Future of Genocide Denial Laws in the European Union (Note) / by Sean Gorton In: The George Washington International Law Review = ISSN 1534-9977: vol. 47, issue 2, page 421-445. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Genocide, Revisionism, Freedom of expression, Community law,

56. Disparity and Conflict: Envisioning Postnational Peace in the Shadow of Constitutional Expansionism
Disparity and Conflict: Envisioning Postnational Peace in the Shadow of Constitutional Expansionism / by Ming-Sung Kuo In: The George Washington International Law Review = ISSN 1534-9977: vol. 47, issue 1, page 159-189. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European constitutional law, Constitutional theory, Global governance,

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Articles

Documents

 Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

 

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1. The Euro area crisis in constitutional perspective
The Euro area crisis in constitutional perspective / Alicia Hinarejos. - First edition, impression: 1. - Oxford ; New York : Oxford University Press, 2015. - XVII, 219 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Oxford studies in European law) Bibliography: page 203-214. - With notes and index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, Economic crisis, Financial markets, Constitutional law, History,

2. Regulierung und Wettbewerb
Regulierung und Wettbewerb : Koordinationsmechanismen im europäischen Energiesektor / Michael Hofmann ; Herausgeber: Rolf H. Weber, Carl Baudenbacher. - Zürich : Schulthess, 2013. - 382 pages. ; 23 cm. - (Europa Institut an der Universität Zürich ; 142) Originally thesis Universität Zürich, 2013. - Includes bibliographical references. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Energy, Energy policy, Cartels and monopolies, Competition,

3. Europäisches Verfassungsrecht
Europäisches Verfassungsrecht : vertragliches Europaverfassungsrecht, staatliches Verfassungsrecht : Textsammlung / herausgegeben von Prof. Dr. Ulrich Hufeld, Prod. Dr. Astrid Epiney, Prod. Dr. Franz Merli. - 3. Auflage. - Baden-Baden : Nomos ; Zürich : Schulthess ; Wien : facultas.wuv, 2014. - 780 pages. ; 21 cm. - (NomosGesetze) Stand: 1. November 2013. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Court of Human Rights, European constitutional law, Member states, Constitutions, Documents, Sources,

4. The European private international law of employment
The European private international law of employment / Uglješa Grušić. - Cambridge, United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press, 2015. - XXIX, 351 pages. ; 24 cm Bibliography: page 307-326. - Includes bibliographical notes and an index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Employees, Choice of law, Private international law,

5. Europäische Verantwortung und "Europäische Armee"
Europäische Verantwortung und "Europäische Armee" / Klaus Wittmann. - Berlin : BWV, Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag. - Page 194-209 In: Das Zeitalter der Einsatzarmee : Herausforderungen für Recht und Ethik / Fabian Forster, Sascha Vugrin, Leonard Wessendorff (Hrsg.), ISBN 9783830533801: (2014), Page 194-209. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Armed forces abroad, Common foreign and security policy, Armed forces, European security, Civil-military relations,

6. Von der Schaffung einer europäischen Armee trotz nationaler Vorbehalte
Von der Schaffung einer europäischen Armee trotz nationaler Vorbehalte / Bart van Winsen und Marc Würfel-Elberg. - Berlin : BWV, Berliner Wissenschafts-Verlag. - Page 210-219 In: Das Zeitalter der Einsatzarmee : Herausforderungen für Recht und Ethik / Fabian Forster, Sascha Vugrin, Leonard Wessendorff (Hrsg.), ISBN 9783830533801: (2014), Page 210-219. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Europe, Armed forces abroad, Common foreign and security policy, Armed forces,

7. Het familiaal internationaal privaatrecht (inzake echtelijke moeilijkheden)
Het familiaal internationaal privaatrecht (inzake echtelijke moeilijkheden) : "too much europe"? / Febian Aps In: Tijdschrift voor familierecht = ISSN 1784-1674: (2015), issue 2-3, page 93-97. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Family law, European private law, Private international law, Community law and municipal law, Community law and international law, Families, Abduction,

8. Dalle biotecnologie al software: spunti per una riflessione critica sulla tutela delle invenzioni attuate a mezzo di elaboratore elettronico
Dalle biotecnologie al software: spunti per una riflessione critica sulla tutela delle invenzioni attuate a mezzo di elaboratore elettronico / Emanuela Arezzo. - Milano : Giuffrè Editore. - Page 225-246 In: Confini e fronti dell'innovazione biotecnologica per la proprietà intellettuale / a cura di Gustavo Olivieri, Valeria Falce e Emanuela Arezzo, ISBN 9788814183874: (2014), Page 225-246. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Innovation, Patents, Software, Technology, Biotechnology, Intellectual property, Community law,

9. Le statut de l'Union européenne au sein des organisations de la famille des Nations Unies
Le statut de l'Union européenne au sein des organisations de la famille des Nations Unies / Antal Berkes. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 13-62 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 13-62. - 2014
Keywords: United Nations, European Union, International co-operation, International relations, Common foreign and security policy, Statutes, Community law,

10. Le statut de l'Union européenne devant l'Assemblee générale après la résolution 65/276 du 10 mai 2011
Le statut de l'Union européenne devant l'Assemblee générale après la résolution 65/276 du 10 mai 2011 : une nouvelle catégorie d'observateurs? / François Delerue. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 63-80 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 63-80. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, General Assembly, Resolutions, Observers,

11. La représentation de l'Union européenne devant le Conseil de sécurité des nations Unies
La représentation de l'Union européenne devant le Conseil de sécurité des nations Unies : entre solidarité politique mutuelle des États membres et unicité de représentation de l'Union / Daniel Ventura. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 81-97 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 81-97. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, Security Council, Resolutions, Observers, Delegates, Solidarity, Member states, Common foreign and security policy, North Atlantic Treaty Organization,

12. Actualité des opérations extérieures de l'Union européenne
Actualité des opérations extérieures de l'Union européenne / Élise Daniel. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 101-125 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 101-125. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy,

13. Les fondements juridiques des opérations armées européennes
Les fondements juridiques des opérations armées européennes / Jaroslaw Mrowiec. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 127-145 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 127-145. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, United Nations, Common foreign and security policy, Armed forces, Peacekeeping, Community law and municipal law, Armed forces abroad, Military co-operation,

14. Les missions civiles extérieures de l'UE
Les missions civiles extérieures de l'UE : étude d'un cadre juridique nébuleux / Natalia Castro-Nino. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 147-166 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 147-166. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Conflict management,

15. Sanctions ciblées et rapports de systèmes
Sanctions ciblées et rapports de systèmes : la mise en œuvre par l'Union européenne des résolutions du Conseil de sécurité des Nations Unies / Charlotte Beaucillon. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 169-187 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 169-187. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, Security Council, Resolutions, Common foreign and security policy, Community law and international law, International co-operation,

16. L'évolution des garanties procédurales dans l'ordre juridique de l'UE depuis les affaires "Kadi" - une évolution illusoire
L'évolution des garanties procédurales dans l'ordre juridique de l'UE depuis les affaires "Kadi" - une évolution illusoire / Jénya Grigorova. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 189-214 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 189-214. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, Cases, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Security Council, Law of procedure, Procedure, Community law and international law,

17. Sanctions ciblées et garanties procédurales
Sanctions ciblées et garanties procédurales : la position du Conseil de l'Europe / Marion Larché. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 221-260 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 221-260. - 2014
Keywords: United Nations, European Union, Council of Europe, Law of procedure, Procedure, Community law and international law, Charter of the United Nations (San Francisco, 26 June 1945), European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), International co-operation,

18. L'intérêt à agir de l'UE pour adopter des contre-mesures au regard des règles relatives à la responsabilité internationale
L'intérêt à agir de l'UE pour adopter des contre-mesures au regard des règles relatives à la responsabilité internationale / Denys-Sacha Robin. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 263-287 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 263-287. - 2014
Keywords: United Nations, European Union, Countermeasures, International responsibility, Common foreign and security policy, Community law and international law, Charter of the United Nations (San Francisco, 26 June 1945), International co-operation,

19. Les mesures restrictives de l'Union européenne à l'égard des États tiers
Les mesures restrictives de l'Union européenne à l'égard des États tiers / Emanuel Castellarin. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 289-305 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 289-305. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, Security Council, Community law and international law, International co-operation, Common foreign and security policy, Third states, Economic sanctions, Charter of the United Nations (San Francisco, 26 June 1945),

20. L'action de l'Union européenne en matière de lutte contre le terrorisme
L'action de l'Union européenne en matière de lutte contre le terrorisme / José Manuel Coelho. - Paris : Editions Pedone. - Page 307-332 In: Actualité des relations entre l'Union européenne et l'Organisation des Nations Unies : coopération, tensions, subsidiarité? : Journée d'étude de l'École doctorale de droit international et européen du 20 juin 2012 / sous la direction de Denys Simon ; avec les conclusions d'Yves Daudet, ISBN 9782233006998: (2014), Page 307-332. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, Common foreign and security policy, Terrorism, International co-operation, Protection of civilian persons,

21. The European Union and the Roma in Serbia
The European Union and the Roma in Serbia / Stephan Müller. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Page 325-338 In: Minderheitenfragen in Ungarn und in den Nachbarländern im 20. und 21. Jahrhundert / Enikő Dácz (Hrsg.), ISBN 9783848707799: (2013), Page 325-338. - 2013
Keywords: Serbia, European Union, Gypsies, Migration,

22. Brevi riflessioni su governance globale e costituzionalismo interlivello
Brevi riflessioni su governance globale e costituzionalismo interlivello / Luigi D'Andrea. - Napoli : Jovene Editore. - Page 181-189 In: Costituzionalismo e globalizzazione : atti del XXVII Convegno annuale, Salerno, 22-24 novembre 2012, ISBN 9788824323208: (2014), Page 181-189. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Global governance, Constitutionalism, Community law, Community law and municipal law,

23. Solidarietà costituzionali in una Europa rinnovata
Solidarietà costituzionali in una Europa rinnovata / Angelo Mattioni. - Napoli : Jovene Editore. - Page 207-217 In: Costituzionalismo e globalizzazione : atti del XXVII Convegno annuale, Salerno, 22-24 novembre 2012, ISBN 9788824323208: (2014), Page 207-217. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Solidarity, Constitutions, Community law, Community law and municipal law,

24. Het Handvest en de bescherming van nationale fundamentele rechten
Het Handvest en de bescherming van nationale fundamentele rechten : een analyse in het licht van het Europees mededingingsrecht / J.M. Veenbrink In: SEW : tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht = ISSN 0165-098X: vol. 63, issue 3, page 116-125. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Community law and municipal law, Competition, Case-law,

25. De Richtlijn betreffende schadevorderingen wegens inbreuken op het mededingingsrecht
De Richtlijn betreffende schadevorderingen wegens inbreuken op het mededingingsrecht / C.A.N.M.Y. Cauffman In: SEW : tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht = ISSN 0165-098X: vol. 63, issue 3, page 126-137. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Competition, Infraction, Claims, Compensation for damage, Cartels and monopolies,

26. Day-to-day EU Coordination in the Benelux
Day-to-day EU Coordination in the Benelux : From Domestic Consensus Politics to Consensual EU Coordination / Peter Bursens, Kathleen Hielscher and Mendeltje van Keulen. - London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 173-192 In: European Integration and Consensus Politics in the Low Countries / edited by Hans Vollaard, Jan Beyers and Patrick Dumont, ISBN 9780415659796: (2015), Page 173-192. - 2015
Keywords: Belgium, Luxemburg, The Netherlands, European Union, Government policy, European integration,

27. Ratifying the European Constitutional Treaty by Referendum
Ratifying the European Constitutional Treaty by Referendum : the End of Consensus Politics? / Joop van Holsteyn and Hans Vollaard. - London : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 213-233 In: European Integration and Consensus Politics in the Low Countries / edited by Hans Vollaard, Jan Beyers and Patrick Dumont, ISBN 9780415659796: (2015), Page 213-233. - 2015
Keywords: Belgium, Luxemburg, The Netherlands, European Union, Referendum, European constitutional law,

28. The Aarhus Convention and the European Union
The Aarhus Convention and the European Union / Professor Ludwig Krämer. - Oxford : Hart Publishing. - Page 79-95 In: The Aarhus Convention : a Guide for UK Lawyers / edited by Charles Banner, ISBN 9781849465717: (2015), Page 79-95. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (Aarhus, 25 June 1998), Member states, European environmental law, Community law and international law, Community law and municipal law, International environmental law,

29. Access to and Collection of Environmental Information
Access to and Collection of Environmental Information / David Blundell. - Oxford : Hart Publishing. - Page 99-119 In: The Aarhus Convention : a Guide for UK Lawyers / edited by Charles Banner, ISBN 9781849465717: (2015), Page 99-119. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (Aarhus, 25 June 1998), Information, European environmental law, International environmental law, Commentaries,

30. Die Unionsbürgerschaft - Entwicklung und Probleme
Die Unionsbürgerschaft - Entwicklung und Probleme / Peter Hilpold$aut$ In: Europarecht = ISSN 0531-2485: vol. 50, issue 2, page 133-147. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Citizenship, Cases,

31. Public Participation in Environmental Decision-Making, Plan-Making and Executive Regulations - Articles 6, 7 and 8 of the Aarhus Convention
Public Participation in Environmental Decision-Making, Plan-Making and Executive Regulations - Articles 6, 7 and 8 of the Aarhus Convention / Simon Ricketts and Juliet Munn. - Oxford : Hart Publishing. - Page 121-139 In: The Aarhus Convention : a Guide for UK Lawyers / edited by Charles Banner, ISBN 9781849465717: (2015), Page 121-139. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (Aarhus, 25 June 1998), Public participation, European environmental law, International environmental law, Commentaries,

32. De onderzoeksbevoegdheden van de Commissie scherpgesteld
De onderzoeksbevoegdheden van de Commissie scherpgesteld / Mr. Y. de Vries In: Nederlands tijschrift voor Europees recht = ISSN 1382-4120: vol. 21, issue 3, page 63-71. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Court of Justice of the European Communities, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Inspection, Factfinding, Competition, Companies, Case-law,

33. Doorwerking van WTO-recht in de Europese rechtsorde: het toenemende belang van de verdragsconforme interpretatie
Doorwerking van WTO-recht in de Europese rechtsorde: het toenemende belang van de verdragsconforme interpretatie / Mr. N. van den Broek In: Nederlands tijschrift voor Europees recht = ISSN 1382-4120: vol. 21, issue 3, page 90-98. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, Direct effect, Interpretation, International trade,

34. Anatomy of EU Contract Harmonisation: Where Do We Stand?
Anatomy of EU Contract Harmonisation: Where Do We Stand? / Bruno Zeller In: International Trade Law and Regulation = ISSN 1357-3136: vol. 21, issue 2, page 41-51. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Contracts, European contract law, Unification of law, Sale,

35. Navigating the Complex World of International Sanctions
Navigating the Complex World of International Sanctions / Aline Doussin In: International Trade Law and Regulation = ISSN 1357-3136: vol. 21, issue 2, page 57-60. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Economic sanctions, Compliance,

36. De onafhankelijkheid van de Autoriteit Consument en Markt
De onafhankelijkheid van de Autoriteit Consument en Markt / L.M. Schouten en A.J.C. de Moor-van Vugt In: SEW : tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht = ISSN 0165-098X: vol. 63, issue 2, page 62-75. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Consumers, Legal protection, The Netherlands, Monitoring, Community law and municipal law,

37. De samenloop van het kapitaalverkeer en de vrijheid van vestiging: een duidelijke afbakening tussen de vrijheden op het gebied van de fiscale behandeling van dividenden?
De samenloop van het kapitaalverkeer en de vrijheid van vestiging: een duidelijke afbakening tussen de vrijheden op het gebied van de fiscale behandeling van dividenden? / U. Jaremba en M. Shadid In: SEW : tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht = ISSN 0165-098X: vol. 62, issue 11, page 502-511. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Companies, Common market, Free movement, Capital, Mouvement de capitaux, Establishment, Fiscal law, Community law, Cases,

38. Grensoverschrijdende omzetting na de arresten Cartesio en Vale
Grensoverschrijdende omzetting na de arresten Cartesio en Vale / M.A. Verbrugh In: SEW : tijdschrift voor Europees en economisch recht = ISSN 0165-098X: vol. 62, issue 11, page 512-523. - 2014
Keywords: The Netherlands, European Union, Companies, Establishment, Company law, Community law and municipal law, Case-law,

39. Europese bankenresolutie (SRM)
Europese bankenresolutie (SRM) : institutionele perspectieven / Dr. G. ter Kuile In: Nederlands tijschrift voor Europees recht = ISSN 1382-4120: vol. 21, issue 1, page 1-10. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Banks, European Economic and Monetary Union, Financial markets, Agencies,

40. Non bis in idem in Europa: de zaken "Spasic" en "M."
Non bis in idem in Europa: de zaken "Spasic" en "M." / Mr. dr. W.F. van Hattum In: Nederlands tijschrift voor Europees recht = ISSN 1382-4120: vol. 21, issue 1, page 11-20. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Ne bis in idem, Community law, Cases,

41. EU-burgerschap en de vrees voor sociaal toerisme: de zaak "Dano"
EU-burgerschap en de vrees voor sociaal toerisme: de zaak "Dano" / Prof. mr. F.J.L. Pennings In: Nederlands tijschrift voor Europees recht = ISSN 1382-4120: vol. 21, issue 2, page 39-44. - 2015
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Citizenship, Social security, Equality, Free movement, Case-law,

42. Advies 2/13 van het Hof van Justitie: flinke stap terug voor toetreding Europese Unie tot Europees Verdrag tot bescherming van de rechten van de mens
Advies 2/13 van het Hof van Justitie: flinke stap terug voor toetreding Europese Unie tot Europees Verdrag tot bescherming van de rechten van de mens / Dr. C.J. Van de Heyning In: Nederlands tijschrift voor Europees recht = ISSN 1382-4120: vol. 21, issue 2, page 55-61. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Accession, Advice,

43. De toekomst van het petitierecht en de Europese Ombudsman na het Europees burgerinitiatief
De toekomst van het petitierecht en de Europese Ombudsman na het Europees burgerinitiatief / Maaike Geuens In: Tijdschrift voor bestuurswetenschappen en publiekrecht = ISSN 0040-7437: vol. 70, issue 4-5, page 243-263. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Citizenship, Public participation, Right of petition, Requests,

44. Die ICT-Richtlinie - Ende einer europäischen Odyssee
Die ICT-Richtlinie - Ende einer europäischen Odyssee / Rechtsanwalt Sebastian Klaus In: Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik = ISSN 0721-5746: vol. 35, issue 1, page 1-12. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Foreign workers, Companies, Third states, Directives,

45. De Bruxelles I à Bruxelles I bis
De Bruxelles I à Bruxelles I bis / Jean-Louis Van Boxstael, Hakim Boularbah, Stéphanie Franq, Arnaud Nuyts, Jean-François van Drooghenbroeck, Patrick Wautelet In: Journal des tribunaux = ISSN 0021-812X: vol. 134, issue 6591, page 889-108. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Reform, Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments,

46. Deprivation of Nationality and Citizenship - the Role of EU Law
Deprivation of Nationality and Citizenship - the Role of EU Law / Adrian Berry In: Journal of Immigration, Asylum and Nationality Law: vol. 28, issue 4, page 355-366. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Citizenship, Nationality, Statelessness,

47. L'avis 2/13 de la Cour de justice sur l'adhésion de l'Union européenne à la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme
L'avis 2/13 de la Cour de justice sur l'adhésion de l'Union européenne à la Convention européenne des droits de l'homme : pavane pour une adhésion défunte? / par Henri Labayle et Frédéric Sudre In: Revue française de droit administratif = ISSN 0763-1219: vol. 31, issue 1 (jan-feb), page 3-22. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Accession, Advice,

48. Die "bestimmte soziale Gruppe" "queer" gelesen - eine kritische Analyse der unionsrechtlichen Definition
Die "bestimmte soziale Gruppe" "queer" gelesen - eine kritische Analyse der unionsrechtlichen Definition / Wiebke Judith In: Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik = ISSN 0721-5746: vol. 34, issue 11, page 404-409. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Sexual orientation, Persecution, Refugees, Asylum, Immigration,

49. Nuevos rasgos del derecho privado en Europa
Nuevos rasgos del derecho privado en Europa / Reiner Schulze. - Madrid : Reus. - Page 139-166 In: 100 años de la Revista de derecho privado : 1913 - 2013 / Silvia Díaz Alabart (dir.) ; Guido Alpa, Hernán Corral Talciani, Isabel González Pacanowska, Antonio Pinto Monteiro, Reiner Schulze [autores], ISBN 9788429018233: (2014), Page 139-166. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Private law, European private law, European contract law,

50. Das Dublin-Asylsytem
Das Dublin-Asylsytem / Prof. Dr. Jan Bergmann In: Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik = ISSN 0721-5746: vol. 35, issue 3, page 81-90. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Convention Determining the State Responsible for Examining Applications for Asylum Lodged in one of the Member States of the European Communities (Dublin, 15 June 1990), Asylum, Refugees, Immigration,

51. Vom "Bremser" zur "Heizer"?
Vom "Bremser" zur "Heizer"? : Deutschlands europäische Arbeitsmigrationspolitik / Holger Kolb, Simon Fellmer In: Zeitschrift für Ausländerrecht und Ausländerpolitik = ISSN 0721-5746: vol. 35, issue 3, page 105-108. - 2015
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Foreign workers, Right of residence, Directives, Community law and municipal law,

52. La captura almacenamiento de carbono: una novedosa técnica de reducción de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero regulada por la Unión Europea
La captura almacenamiento de carbono: una novedosa técnica de reducción de emisiones de gases de efecto invernadero regulada por la Unión Europea = Carbon Capture and Storage: a Novel Technique for Reducing Greenhouse Gas Emissions Regulated by the European Union / Íñigo Sanz Rubiales In: Derecho-PUCP : Retos del Derecho Ambiental = ISSN 0251-3420: issue 70, page 165-186. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Climate change, Emissions, Carbon capture and storage, Accountability, European environmental law,

53. Coherence or Forum Shopping in Biofuels Sustainability Schemes
Coherence or Forum Shopping in Biofuels Sustainability Schemes / Hans Morten Haugen In: Nordic Journal of Human Rights = ISSN 1891-8131: vol. 33, issue 1, page 52-73. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Renewable energy resources, Sustainable development, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (New York, 16 December 1966), Corporate responsibility, Human rights,

54. Return to Your Seats and Fasten Your Seatbelts: The European Union Encounters Turbulence in the Application of Its Airline Emissions Trading System (Note)
Return to Your Seats and Fasten Your Seatbelts: The European Union Encounters Turbulence in the Application of Its Airline Emissions Trading System (Note) / by Joshua R. Thompson In: The George Washington International Law Review = ISSN 1534-9977: vol. 47, issue 2, page 383-419. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Climate change, Airlines, Tradable emission permits,

55. The Uncertain Future of Genocide Denial Laws in the European Union (Note)
The Uncertain Future of Genocide Denial Laws in the European Union (Note) / by Sean Gorton In: The George Washington International Law Review = ISSN 1534-9977: vol. 47, issue 2, page 421-445. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Genocide, Revisionism, Freedom of expression, Community law,

56. Disparity and Conflict: Envisioning Postnational Peace in the Shadow of Constitutional Expansionism
Disparity and Conflict: Envisioning Postnational Peace in the Shadow of Constitutional Expansionism / by Ming-Sung Kuo In: The George Washington International Law Review = ISSN 1534-9977: vol. 47, issue 1, page 159-189. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European constitutional law, Constitutional theory, Global governance,

Librarian's choice

These publications are selected for you by .

  • Allison, L., The EU, ASEAN and Interregionalism: Regionalism Support and Norm Diffusion between the EU and ASEAN, Houndmills, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. Showcase item

    Allison, L., The EU, ASEAN and interregionalism : regionalism support and norm diffusion between the EU and ASEAN, Houndmills, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015

    “Challenging the conventional processes of conceptualising the European Union as an actor, this study provides a timely and in-depth analysis of EU-ASEAN relations which contests the use of power as the basis of such conceptualisations. It assesses the EU’s actorness by analysing its attempts to promote its regionalism experience to ASEAN. Three aspects of regionalism – economic integration, institutionalisation and political norms – are analysed using data collected from officials and researchers connected to these regions. In doing so, this compelling volume shows that the effectiveness of the EU’s aim to diffuse these norms is predominantly determined both by ASEAN’s perception of the EU as an actor and its consideration of the EU’s regionalism experience as relevant to ASEAN”.

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  • Schütze, R., European Union Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015. Showcase item

    Schütze, R., European Union law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015

    Written with exceptional clarity, European Union Law constitutes a classic textbook for students and practitioners of European law. Using a clear structural framework, it guides readers through all the core constitutional and substantive topics of EU law, and provides in-depth coverage of the most important internal and external policy areas of the European Union. Extracts from classic case law are complemented with extensive and critical discussion of the theoretical and practical aspects of the European Union and its law, leading students to a deep understanding of the subject. Chapters are enriched with more than 100 colour figures and tables, which clarify complex topics and illustrate relationships and processes. Suggestions for further reading direct students to significant pieces of academic literature for deeper self-study, and a companion website with full ‘Lisbonised’ versions of the cases cited in the text completes the learning package.

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  • Steiner, J., L. Woods and P. Watson, Steiner and Woods EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Steiner, J., L. Woods and P. Watson, Steiner and Woods EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Steiner & Woods EU law is fully updated and revised to reflect the latest case law and debates in EU law including new discussion of Pringle and the Eurozone crisis and the accession of Croatia to the EU. The book features extensively revised and restructured coverage of competition law and enforcement, includes substantially revised chapters on citizenship and discrimination, taking account of the fast-moving case law in these areas. The book features additional case detail and improved presentation of key facts and judgments. Now in its twelfth edition, Steiner & Woods EU Law is rightfully regarded as one of the best and most trusted EU law textbooks available. The book includes a well-balanced range of topics for students taking an EU law course at any level. It offers a careful blend of institutional and substantive coverage and focuses on explaining the law clearly for student readers, as well as raising areas of debate to inform class discussion and essays.The case detail is clearly sign-posted throughout the text, including excerpts from leading judgements, while diagrams distil complex tests and procedures to visually represent the workings of the EU. End of chapter reading suggestions plus a detailed bibliography provide a helpful starting point for essay preparation and independent research. The book is accompanied by a free Online Resource Centre (www.oxfordtextbooks.co.uk/orc/steiner_woods12e/).

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  • Klamert, M., The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Klamert, M., The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Despite its seemingly innocuous wording, in what is now Article 4 (3) TEU, the principle of loyalty has had a significant impact in deepening the reach of EU law within the Member States. The duty of sincere cooperation has been interpreted strongly by the European Courts as imposing serious duties on States to give strong effect to European legal acts. The principle has been central to the development of Union law since the 1960s, and is still being relied on by the European Court of Justice to often-controversial effect. Providing a thorough discussion of the principle of loyalty in EU law, this book introduces a novel classification of the very diverse roles loyalty plays in the EU. It distinguishes between the effects loyalty prescribes for interlocking the legal orders of the Member States with Union law, its application in preventing and resolving conflicts between the Union and the Member States, and the loyalty principle’s role in the shaping of EU law. It addresses important and yet unresolved questions pertaining to loyalty, such as its relation to the principles of solidarity, pre-emption, the Union interest, institutional balance, and the unity of international representation. The book explains why loyalty has been neglected in the prevailing narratives about the foundational case law of the European Court of Justice, and highlights its central importance to understanding EU public law.

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  • Glencross, A., The Politics of European Integration : Political Union or a House Divided?, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    Glencross, A., The Politics of European Integration : Political Union or a House Divided?, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    This book is a systematic, up-to-date exploration of the politics of European integration that includes balanced coverage of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Union. The book examines European integration as a contested political process that continues to divide and inspire nations, citizens, and politicians.  The book also provides students with the analytical tools to consider why the EU functions as it currently does, whether the EU is sufficiently democratic, the politics behind EU legislation, debates over foreign policy, proposals for institutional reform, and the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis. Finally the book brings together the latest scholarly research from comparative politics, international relations, law, and democratic theory.

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  • Lenaerts, K., Maselis, I., Gutman, K., EU Procedural law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Lenaerts, K., Maselis, I., Gutman, K., EU Procedural law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    The European Union is unique amongst international organisations in that it has a highly developed and coherent system of judicial protection. The rights derived from Union law can be enforced in court, as opposed to other international organisations whereby enforceability is often far less certain. At the heart of the system of judicial protection in the European Union is the core principle of upholding the rule of law. As such, the stakes are high in the sense that the system of the judicial protection in the European Union must live up to its promise in which ndividuals, Member States and Union institutions are all guaranteed a route by which to enforce Union law rights. This book provides a rigorously structured analysis of the EU system of judicial protection and procedure before the Union courts. It examines the role and the competences of the Union courts and the types of actions that may be brought before them, such as the actions for infringement, annulment, and failure to act, as well as special forms of procedure, for example interim relief, appeals, and staff cases. In doing so, special attention is given to the fields of EU competition law and State aid. In addition it evaluates the relationship between the Court of Justice and the national courts through the preliminary ruling procedure and the interplay between EU law and the national procedural frameworks generally. Throughout, it takes account of significant institutional developments, including the relevant changes brought by the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and the amendments to the Statute of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the Rules of Procedure of the Court of Justice and the General Court.

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  • Jacob, M., Precedents and Case-based Reasoning in the European Court of Justice : Unfinished Business, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Jacob, M., Precedents and Case-based Reasoning in the European Court of Justice : unfinished Business, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Past cases are the European Court of Justice’s most prominent tool in making and justifying the rulings and decisions which affect the everyday lives of more than half a billion people. Marc Jacob’s detailed analysis of the use of precedents and case-based reasoning in the Court uses methods such as doctrinal scholarship, empirical research, institutional analysis, comparative law and legal theory in order to unravel and critique the how and why of the court’s precedent technique. In doing so, he moves the wider debate beyond received ‘common law’ versus ‘civil law’ figments and ‘Eurosceptic’ versus ‘Euromantic’ battle lines, and also provides a useful blueprint for assessing and comparing the case law practices of other dispute resolution bodies.

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  • Hobolt, S.B., Tilley, J., Blaming Europe? : Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Hobolt, S.B., Tilley, J., Blaming Europe? : Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    A key component of democratic accountability is that citizens understand ‘who is to blame’. Nonetheless, little is known about how citizens attribute responsibility in the European Union or how those perceptions of responsibility matter. This book presents the first comprehensive account of how citizens assign blame to the EU, how politicians and the media attempt to shift blame and finally, how it matters for electoral democracy. Based on rich and unique data sources, Blaming Europe? sheds light on all three aspects of responsibility in the EU. First, it shows that while institutional differences between countries shape citizen judgements of EU responsibility, those judgements are also highly determined by pre-existing attitudes towards the EU. Second, it demonstrates that neither politicians nor the media assign much blame to the EU. Third, it establishes that regardless of whether voters are capable of accurately assigning responsibility, they are not able to hold their EU representatives to account via the ballot box in European elections due to the lack of an identifiable ‘European government’ to reward or punish. As a consequence, when citizens hold the EU responsible for poor performance, but are unable to sanction an EU incumbent, they lose trust in the EU as a whole instead. In conclusion, it argues that this ‘accountability deficit’ has significant implications for the future of the European Union.

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  • Peers, S., Harvey, T. Kenner, J. and A. Ward (eds), The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights : a Commentary, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, Hart Publishing, 2014.

    Peers, S., Harvey, T. Kenner, J. and A. Ward (eds), The Eu charter of fundamental rights : a commentary, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, Hart Publishing, 2014.

    The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union enshrines the key political, social and economic rights of EU citizens and residents in EU law. In its present form it was approved in 2000 by the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the European Commission. However its legal status remained uncertain until the entry into
    force of the Treaty of Lisbon in December 2009. The Charter obliges the EU to act and legislate consistently with the Charter, and enables the EU’s courts to strike down EU legislation which contravenes it. The Charter applies to EU Member States when they are implementing EU law but does not extend the competences of the EU beyond the competences given to it in the treaties. This Commentary on the Charter, the first in English, written by experts from several EU Member States, provides an authoritative but succinct statement of how the Charter impacts upon EU, domestic and international law. Following the conventional article-by-article approach, each commentator offers an expert view of how each article is either already being interpreted in the courts, or is likely to be interpreted. Each commentary is referenced to the case law and is augmented with extensive references to further reading. Six cross-cutting introductory chapters explain the Charter’s institutional anchorage, its relationship to the Fundamental Rights Agency, its interaction with other parts of international human rights law, the enforcement mechanisms, extraterritorial scope, and the all-important ‘Explanations’.

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  • Dörr, O. (Hrsg.), Staatshaftung in Europa : nationales und Unionsrecht, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2014.

    Dörr, O. (Hrsg.), Staatshaftung in Europa : nationales und Unionsrecht, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2014.

    This reference work provides a systematic presentation of the liability systems in EU member states for the first time. Similarities and differences between EU states’ various legal systems are presented and also explained in terms of Union Law. In addition, approaches to establishing a uniform state liability law in the future are outlined. This work includes, on the one hand, more than twenty reports about the state liability systems in the individual member states; on the other hand, comprehensive specialized report explain the entire European context and present comparative conclusions on the individual specialized topics. Based on the synopsis of the state liability systems together with the current state of Union liability as developed in case law, the law on state liability in the EU is extensively analyzed and its capability to develop based on general legal principles is defined.

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Database

EUR-Lex provides free access to European Union law and other documents considered to be public. The collection  include  treaties, international agreements, legislation in force, preparatory acts, case-law and parliamentary questions.

The European e-Justice Portal implemented by the Commission in very close cooperation with EU countries, provides a wealth of information and links on laws and practices in all EU countries. The resources range from information on legal aid, judicial training, European small claims and videoconferencing to links to legal databases, online insolvency and land registers. It also includes user-friendly forms for various judicial proceedings, such as the European order for payment. The portal benefits citizens, businesses, lawyers and judges with cross-border legal questions and boosts mutual understanding of different legal systems by contributing to the creation of a single European area of justice.

Blogs

  • In Want of Democratic Legitimacy: Four Presidents searching for the Soul of Europe

    In the midst of the crisis concerning the place of Greece in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the European Union (EU), the European Council will discuss a report on better economic governance in the Euro Area. As the ‘analytical note’ has been drafted by the Presidents of the European Commission, the Council, the Euro Group and the ECB, the report is referred to in inner circles as the Four Presidents’ Report.

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  • The Data Retention Saga: Dutch Court Declared National Data Retention Law Invalid!

    On March 11, 2015, the district court of The Hague in the Netherlands declared the country’s 2009 Telecommunications Data Retention Act invalid. This decision was a foreseeable effect because of a previous judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union concerning the annulment of the European Directive on data retention on April 8, 2014. It seems now that European Member States are starting to face the consequences of that annulment. The cause of this is the fact that the European judgement did not automatically make national data retention legislation invalid. I will briefly discuss the case of the Dutch national data retention law.

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  • A Soul for Europe

    There is sincere doubt as to whether it will ever be possible to define the European Union. It depends on the perspective of the beholder, which she or he is likely to conclude about the nature of the Union. The present blogger tends to simultaneously agree and disagree with the authors. He concedes that the perspective from which one investigates the European Union, may determine to a large extent the conclusions which that person is likely to draw. The purpose of this blog is to describe the Union from various perspectives in a number of different ways.

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  • The Eurasian Economic Union as a Geopolitical and Economic Counterweight to the European Union: the Case of Armenia

    The Eurasian Economic Union is the next step in Eurasian economic integration. It will function as a common market with a customs union and has the aim of providing the free movement of goods, services, capital and workforce and conducting common policies in key economic sectors, such as energy and agriculture. The EEU was established in 2014 between Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia. A the treaty to enlarge the EEU by including Armenia was signed in October. In this blog we’ll discuss the main reasons for Armenia to join the EEU instead of choosing the path of closer cooperation with the European Union.

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  • The Identity of the European Union

    The question concerning the nature of the EU has been one of the most contested political and academic issues of the last fifty years. From the outset, the debate about European integration has been dominated by the dilemma as to whether the project should result in the emergence of a sovereign state of Europe or in the formation of a Europe of sovereign states. This line of thought leads to the suggestion that, anno 2014, the identity of the EU may be described with the following words: the EU is a Union of citizens and member states which functions as a common democracy.

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  • European Court of Justice Clarification of the Research and Private Study Exception to Copyright Infringement for Libraries

    On Thursday 11 September 2014, the European Court of Justice ruled on the meaning of the research and private study exception to copyright infringement for libraries, educational establishments, museums and archives. The Court decided that libraries are allowed to digitise books and make them available to the public at e-reading points within its vicinity, without the author’s permission. The judgment was issued in Case C-117/13, Technische Universität Darmstadt v Eugen Ulmer KG.

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  • Connecting Habermas with International Law

    The financial crisis has intensified the debate about the feasibility of the European Union as a new phenomenon in international law. In his essay ‘On Europe’s Constitution’, philosopher Jürgen Habermas underlines that he regards the EU as a step in the direction of a politically constituted world order. In an 2012 interview Habermas focuses on the conceptual challenges of the EU by asking the quintessential question: How should we imagine a for closer co-operation necessary, supranational association which complies with stringent demands of democratic legitimacy without assuming the shape of a state?

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  • ECJ Judgment: Private Copying Levy Cannot Include Copies Made from Unlawful Sources!

    The European Court of Justice has been pretty busy the past weeks. On Tuesday, April 8th 2014, the Court has declared the Data Retention Directive invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. On Thursday, April 10th 2014, the Court has given its verdict on a complicated Dutch case involving the home-copying exception of European copyright legislation, and the associated use of copyright levies on blank media.

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  • The Origins of EU and EMU: Towards a Post-Westphalian Paradigm

    The theoretical hallmark of the European Union is its flexible approach to sovereignty. According to the Westphalian system of international relations which forms the prevailing paradigm in international law and lies at the heart of the organisation of the United Nations, sovereignty is one and indivisible. States are sovereign and without sovereignty there is no State. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, Philosopher of Law, Director of Euroknow and Creator of the Boardgame Eurocracy.

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  • Exit Data Retention Directive: a Victory for Privacy in Europe!

    Last Tuesday, April 8, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Data Retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC, 15 March 2006) invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. In the view of the Court, the requirement in the Data Retention Directive for mobile operators and internet service providers to retain data interfered in a “particularly serious manner with the fundamental rights to respect for private life and to the protection of personal data”.

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  • Europe: Backwards or Forwards?

    In an apocalyptic essay, written at the height of the euro-crisis in 2012, Joseph Weiler predicted that the European Union will turn on its member-states in a similar way as the Golem of Prague persecuted its creators in the 16th century. The author paves the way for this conclusion by attributing a dimension of ‘political messianism’ to the statements of the founding fathers, which turns the Schuman-declaration into a roadmap to ‘the Promised Land’. As messianic narratives are doomed to collapse, the European project is set to disappoint and alienate the populace as well. Consequently, the EU creates the conditions for its own destruction.

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  • Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

    For decades, the process of European integration has been hampered by the predominance of the Westphalian system of international relations. According to this system, which owes its name to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the process of European integration had to result either in the creation of a federal European state or in the establishment of a confederal union of states. Founded in 1992, the EU defied the Westphalian paradigm from the outset.

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  • Ukraine, Moving East or West?

    Although Yanukovych has claimed many times to seek good ties with Russia and the EU simultaneously, it seems that by refusing to sign the Association Agreement (AA) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU last November, the power balance is tipping towards Russia. As an alternative to further EU integration, Russia has been actively promoting Ukraine to join the Russian-led Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, which in the future could progress towards a further integrated Eurasian Union.

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  • Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    The Italian banker and politician Padoa-Schioppa used to describe Great-Britain as the Venice of Europe. Drawing a comparison between the Italian unification in the 19th century and the present process of European integration, Padoa-Schioppa suggested that the UK is and will remain as reluctant to give up the pound in favour of euro as Venice has been to join the Italian lira. The implication of the comparison is, of course, that, however grudgingly, in the end the UK will accept the common European currency as well.

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  • The European Union as a Common Democracy

    As a young democracy the EU urgently needs to strengthen its legitimacy and accountability. The transition from a traditional union of nation states to a polity of citizens and member states requires a fundamental adjustment of governance structures. The primordial challenge for the coming decades is therefore to address the democratic deficit and to turn the EU into a living democracy.

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  • A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    On June 28th 2011 Peter Kooijmans participated in a conference about the place of the EU in international law, which was held in the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace under the auspices of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and the Carnegie Foundation. According to a blog on this website, one of the participants started the debate on the presumption that ‘the EU is a thing for which lawyers have no name’.

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  • Cameron and the Intricacies of the Westphalian System of International Relations

    In his long-awaited speech on Europe British Prime Minister David Cameron criticised the EU for its lack of democracy. PM Cameron is right insofar as the citizens of the EU can’t elect their own European government and miss the power to vote their leaders out of office. However, Cameron’s criticism would only be justified if the EU were to be considered as a sovereign state like the UK, France or Germany.

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  • The EU and the Nobel Peace Prize: Who will say thank you?

    European Council President Herman Van Rompuy or Jose-Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission or Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament? Together they will fly to Oslo on December 10 to represent the main institutions of the EU at the acceptance ceremony for the Nobel Peace Prize 2012.

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  • The Novelty of the EU

    For decades, the debate about the future of the European Union has been dominated by the dilemma whether the EU was to become a federal state or should establish itself as a union of states. After the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, however, it may be suggested that the deadlock in the debate about the finalité politique has been broken. The gist of this blog is to argue that the Lisbon Treaty construes the EU as a democracy without turning the Union into a state. This conclusion can be underpinned as follows.

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  • Internet governance 2012: Who should control the Internet?

    In the last twenty years, the Internet has had a tremendous impact on society and the term “Internet governance” was introduced. At first it was mainly used to describe the technical management of the Internet such as domain names and internet protocols. Nowadays governance refers to questions like “Do we all accept our responsibilities to safeguard the continued development of the Internet as a global, open and safe virtual environment? and Who sets the rules? In this blog I will give a few highlights of the current developments of internet governance on an International and (as well as on) an European level.

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  • The EU as a democratic polity in international law

    On June 28, 2011 a conference was held about The European Union (hereafter EU) as a Polity in International Law at the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference was held at the initiative of Mr. Jaap Hoeksma, Director of Euroknow. This initiative was supported by Dr P. H. Kooijmans, Prof Dr L-J Brinkhorst, Dr W.F. van Eekelen, Dr W.van Gerven and Dr Th. van Boven.

    The theme of the conference was the legal status of the European Union and its relationship with international law.From its inception, the main goal of the European Union and its integration in the legal as well as political systems of the Member states has been faced with conceptual problems regarding the final goal of the establishment of the European Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss whether the Lisbon Treaty has overcome the problems by constructing the EU as a democratic polity without turning the Union into a state. If so, what are the consequences for the place of the EU as a polity in international law and for its role in international relations?

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  • European nuclear safety after the Japanese Fukushima disaster

    On Friday 11 March 2011, Japan was struck by a devastating earthquake and tsunami, also known as the Tōhoku earthquake. Japan’s nuclear crisis that was caused by the earthquake and tsunami has so far evoked many questions and worries about the safety of nuclear energy just like the Chernobyl disaster evoked responses in the 1980s. It raises questions about the possible impact of nuclear energy industry on safety and health. Several European countries have discussed the use of nuclear energy and safety measures or have temporarily shut down nuclear reactors since the Japanese earthquake of 11 March 2011.

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  • International and European criminal measures on intellectual property rights

    On October 2, 2010, the 11th and final round of the negotiations for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was concluded successfully in Tokyo, Japan. The Government of Japan hosted the negotiations. Participants in the negotiations included Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) – represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the [...]

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  • Roma Rights in the European Union.

    In July 2010, The French government decided to begin to expel Roma’s, mainly from Romania and Bulgaria, as many of them were living in France illegally. This decision caused much controversy within the Institutions of the EU. This blog will briefly discuss in what way EU institutions have responded to recent Roma issues and what can be done to improve the position of this marginalized community in Europe.

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  • EU Enlargement Strategy and Progress Reports 2009

    On 14 October 2009 the European Commission adopted its annual strategy document explaining its policy on EU enlargement. The document includes also a summary of the progress made over the last twelve months by each candidate and potential candidate: Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, [...]

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  • The European Union’s ‘ContraFake’ policy

    Counterfeiting, which represents 5 to 7% of world trade, has implications on the competitiveness of EU companies, on jobs and on the health and security of EU citizens. László Kovác, European Commissioner in charge of Taxation and Customs Union, states his vision on the fight against counterfeiting as follows. ‘Customs have a vital role [...]

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See also

More Research guides on International Organizations and Relations

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