European Union

Introduction

Europe unie construit la paix

In 2012, the European Union (EU) received the Nobel Peace Prize for its decades-long contribution to the advancement of peace and reconciliation, democracy and human rights in Europe. When the first steps towards supranational cooperation were made in the aftermath of World War II, primarily targeted at preventing the rearmament of Germany, the Founding Fathers of the European integration could never have imagined this outcome in their wildest dreams. Over the years, the supranational cooperation would widen – from the original European Communities and deepen – from the originally almost purely economically inspired Communities to the current Union with a say in almost all areas of national competence. At the same time, problems with the Euro have plunged the EU in one of the biggest crises since its inception. This challenges lawmakers to tackle difficult questions about the continued existence of the Euro and the future direction of the European integration project.
Promotion of peace is one the objective of the European integration project but also the well-being of the peoples, and the promotion of certain common values: respect for human dignity, freedom, democracy, equality, the rule of law and respect for human rights, including the rights of persons belonging to minorities. The EU also aims to offer European citizens an area of freedom, security and justice without internal frontiers, and an economically healthy and sustainable internal market. The EU also developed a common foreign and security policy. In its relations with the wider world, the EU proclaims to uphold and promote its values and interests and contribute to the protection of its citizens. The EU has an institutional framework at its disposal, which has the task to promote the EU ‘s values, advance the EU’s objectives, and serve the interests of the EU citizens and Member States, both within and outside Europe. The EU’s legislative organs are the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union. The executive organ is the European Council. The European Commission oversees the application of Union law by Member States, and the Court of Justice of the European Union, being the EU’s judicial organ, ensures that Member States correctly apply EU law.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on the European Union. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index code European Union in General and subject heading (keyword) European Union are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Articles

Documents

 Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

 

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1. The investigative function of the European Parliament
The investigative function of the European Parliament : holding the EU executive to account by conducting investigations / Christian Syrier. - Oisterwijk : Wolf Legal Publishers, 2013. - X, 271 pages. ; 24 cm Originally doctoral thesis at Universiteit Maastricht, 2013. - With a summary in Dutch. - Bibliography: page 257-270. - With notes. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, European Parliament, Committees, Institutions and organs, Investigation, Accountability, Competence,

2. Pravovoe regulirovanie investicionnoj dejatelʹnosti v Evropejskom Sojuze
Pravovoe regulirovanie investicionnoj dejatelʹnosti v Evropejskom Sojuze : monografija / M.P. Lukinskaja ; pod redakciej M.M. Birjukovoj. - Moskva : Norma ; Moskva : Infra-M, 2013. - 224 pages. ; 20 cm Includes bibliographical references. - Bibliography: page 201-220. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Foreign direct investment, Economic crisis, Legal regime,

3. Opting out of the European Union
Opting out of the European Union : diplomacy, sovereignty and European integration / Rebecca Adler-Nissen. - Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2014. - XI, 253 pages. ; 24 cm Bibliography: page 218-241. - With notes and index. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, Sovereignty, European integration, Sociology,

4. Schuman's Europe
Schuman's Europe : his frame of reference / Margriet Krijtenburg. - Leiden : Leiden University Press, 2012. - 239 pages. : illustrations. ; 24 cm. - (LUP dissertations, ISSN 1879-3940) Also issued as thesis (Ph. D)--Leiden University, 2012. - With summaries in English, Dutch, French and German. - Bibliography: page 185-202. - With notes. - 2012
Keywords: Europe, European Union, European integration, Theses, Schuman (Robert),

5. Lobbing w procesie kształtowania prawa autorskiego w Unii Europejskiej
Lobbing w procesie kształtowania prawa autorskiego w Unii Europejskiej : studium przypadków : czas trwania praw pokrewnych, dzieła osierocone, ACTA / Agnieszka Vetulani-Cęgiel. - Warszawa : Wolters Kluwer, 2014. - 374 pages. : illustrations. ; 21 cm Includes bibliographical references and index. - Bibliography: page 339-346. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Lobby, Copyright law, Decision-making,

6. Avanti adagio
Avanti adagio : i Trattati di Roma e l'unità europea / a cura di Daniela Preda. - Padova : CEDAM, 2013. - VI, 340 pages. : illustrations. ; 24 cm. - (Storia delle organizzazioni internazionali e dei processi e movimenti di cooperazione internazionale ; 17) With notes. - 2013
Keywords: European Economic Community, Treaties, European Economic Community, European integration,

7. Wettbewerbsrechtliche und regulatorische Analyse der Kapazitätenvergabe an Grenzkuppelstellen im Elektrizitätsbinnenmarkt
Wettbewerbsrechtliche und regulatorische Analyse der Kapazitätenvergabe an Grenzkuppelstellen im Elektrizitätsbinnenmarkt / Anke Reimers. - Frankfurt am Main : PL Academic Research, 2013. - XV, 204 pages. : illustrations. ; 22 cm. - (Veröffentlichungen des Instituts für deutsches und europäisches Wirtschafts-, Wettbewerbs- und Regulierungsrecht der Freien Universität Berlin ; Band 41) Originally dissertation at the Freie Universität Berlin, 2013. - Bibliography: page 185-204. - With notes. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Energy security, Electricity, Common market, Utilities, Competition, Community law,

8. Die Befristung von Arbeitsverhältnissen in Deutschland und Frankreich
Die Befristung von Arbeitsverhältnissen in Deutschland und Frankreich : eine rechtsvergleichende Betrachtung / Martina Büter. - Frankfurt am Main : PL Academic Research, 2013. - XXII, 251 pages. ; 22 cm. - (Studien zum Arbeitsrecht und zur Arbeitsrechtsvergleichung, ISSN 1615-4605 ; Band 23) Originally doctoral dissertation at FernUniverrsität Hagen, 2013. - Bibliography: page 231-251. - With notes. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, France, Germany, Labour law, Community law, Directives, Community law and municipal law, Comparative law, Labor contracts, Temporary employees,

9. Die neue EU-Erbrechtsverordnung
Die neue EU-Erbrechtsverordnung : Einführung in die neue Rechtslage / von Jutta Müller-Lukoschek. - Bonn : Zerb Verlag ; Bonn : Deutschen Notarverlages, 2013. - 323 pages. ; 21 cm With notes and index. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Law of succession, Estate,

10.
Feniks : geschiedenis voor de tweede fase. Geschiedenis voor de bovenbouw: . Themakaternen havo en vwo: . - Eerste druk, eerste oplage. - Amersfoort : ThiemeMeulenhoff, 2014. - 56 pagina's. : illustraties. ; 30 cm ISBN paperback - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Institutions and organs, European integration, History,

11. L'Union Européenne et l'ONU
L'Union Européenne et l'ONU / Catherine Gauthier. - Paris : Editions A. Pedone. - Page 9-19 In: L'Europe face au monde / sous la direction de Loïc Grard, ISBN 9782233006851: (2013), Page 9-19. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, Co-operation, Common foreign and security policy,

12. Le partage entre l'Union et les Etats membres de la compétence externe
Le partage entre l'Union et les Etats membres de la compétence externe : questions soulevées par les accords de protection des investissements / Baptiste Tranchant. - Paris : Editions A. Pedone. - Page 21-31 In: L'Europe face au monde / sous la direction de Loïc Grard, ISBN 9782233006851: (2013), Page 21-31. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Foreign direct investment, Common foreign and security policy, Community law, Community law and municipal law, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes,

13. La contribution des agences de régulation à l'action extérieure de l'Union Européenne
La contribution des agences de régulation à l'action extérieure de l'Union Européenne / Vincent Correia. - Paris : Editions A. Pedone. - Page 33-54 In: L'Europe face au monde / sous la direction de Loïc Grard, ISBN 9782233006851: (2013), Page 33-54. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Community law,

14. Les compétences extérieur de l'Union Européenne après Lisbonne
Les compétences extérieur de l'Union Européenne après Lisbonne / Oana Macovei. - Paris : Editions A. Pedone. - Page 55-62 In: L'Europe face au monde / sous la direction de Loïc Grard, ISBN 9782233006851: (2013), Page 55-62. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, International agreements, Community law,

15. La dimension externe de la lutte européenne contre le terrorisme
La dimension externe de la lutte européenne contre le terrorisme : l'exemple des relations euro-africains et euro-arabes / Julia Falagan. - Paris : Editions A. Pedone. - Page 63-75 In: L'Europe face au monde / sous la direction de Loïc Grard, ISBN 9782233006851: (2013), Page 63-75. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Africa, Arab States, Mediterranean countries, Common foreign and security policy, International co-operation, International relations, Terrorism, Prevention, Partnerships,

16. La présence internationale de l'Union Européenne dans le champ du droit de la mer
La présence internationale de l'Union Européenne dans le champ du droit de la mer / Catherine Le Bris. - Paris : Editions A. Pedone. - Page 77-86 In: L'Europe face au monde / sous la direction de Loïc Grard, ISBN 9782233006851: (2013), Page 77-86. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Law of the sea, Community law, Community law and international law, Governance, Diplomacy,

17. Les Etats membres face a la répartition des compétences dans les négociations "OMC"
Les Etats membres face a la répartition des compétences dans les négociations "OMC" / Camille Urlacher. - Paris : Editions A. Pedone. - Page 99-104 In: L'Europe face au monde / sous la direction de Loïc Grard, ISBN 9782233006851: (2013), Page 99-104. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, International trade, Member states, Competence, Negotiations,

18. Le régime des importations de bois rares au sein de l'Union Européenne
Le régime des importations de bois rares au sein de l'Union Européenne : un nouvel instrument de lutte contre l'exploitation illégale du bois? / Emilie Chevalier. - Paris : Editions A. Pedone. - Page 105-112 In: L'Europe face au monde / sous la direction de Loïc Grard, ISBN 9782233006851: (2013), Page 105-112. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Timber, Exportation and importation, Illegal activities, Common foreign and security policy, Common market, Community law,

19. Subventions illégales aux constructeurs aéronautiques, Match presque nul à l'OMC entre l'Union Européenne et les Etats-Unis
Subventions illégales aux constructeurs aéronautiques, Match presque nul à l'OMC entre l'Union Européenne et les Etats-Unis / Loïc Grard. - Paris : Editions A. Pedone. - Page 113-122 In: L'Europe face au monde / sous la direction de Loïc Grard, ISBN 9782233006851: (2013), Page 113-122. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, United States of America, Illegal activities, Subsidies and countervailing measures, Civil aircraft, Trade, World Trade Organization,

20. Le commerce des armes et l'Union Européenne
Le commerce des armes et l'Union Européenne / Marion Blondel. - Paris : Editions A. Pedone. - Page 123-137 In: L'Europe face au monde / sous la direction de Loïc Grard, ISBN 9782233006851: (2013), Page 123-137. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Arms trade, Illegal activities, Community law, Common foreign and security policy, Disarmament,

21. European Energy Security: Natural Gas and the Integration Process
European Energy Security: Natural Gas and the Integration Process / Pami Aalto, Dicle Korkmaz Temel In: Journal of Common Market Studies = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 4, page 758-774. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Energy, Energy security, Energy policy,

22. In a Spirit of Solidarity?
In a Spirit of Solidarity? : Justifying the European Financial Stability Facility (EFSF) in National Parliamentary Debates / Carlos Closa, Aleksandra Maatsch In: Journal of Common Market Studies = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 4, page 826-842. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Parliaments, Economic crisis, Monetary policy, Community law and municipal law,

23. How to Explain the Transnational Security Governance of the European Union?
How to Explain the Transnational Security Governance of the European Union? / Kamil Zwolski In: Journal of Common Market studies = ISSN 0021-9886: vol. 52, issue 4, page 942-958. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, International peace and security, Foreign policy, Governance,

24. Challenging Executive Dominance in European Democracy
Challenging Executive Dominance in European Democracy / Deirdre Curtin In: The Modern Law Review = ISSN 0026-7961: vol. 77, issue 1, page 1-32. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Executive power, European Parliament, Democracy, European Council, Decision-making,

25. Grundrechtecharta und Privatrecht
Grundrechtecharta und Privatrecht : die Bedeutung der Charta der Grundrechte für das europäische und das nationale Privatrecht / von Carsten Herresthal, Regensburg In: Zeitschrift für europäisches Privatrecht = ISSN 0943-3929: vol. 22, issue 2, page 238-280. - 2014
Keywords: Europe, European Union, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Private law, European private law,

26. General Standards for the Interpretation of Contracts under the Common European Sales Law (CESL)
General Standards for the Interpretation of Contracts under the Common European Sales Law (CESL) / by Ewa Rott-Pietrzyk, Katowice In: Zeitschrift für europäisches Privatrecht = ISSN 0943-3929: vol. 22, issue 2, page 371-399. - 2014
Keywords: Europe, European Union, Sale, Contractual obligations, Consumers, European private law,

27. Auf dem Weg zur Class Action Europa?
Auf dem Weg zur Class Action Europa? / Philipp Behrendt In: Recht der Internationalen Wirtschaft = ISSN 0340-7926: vol. 60, issue 5, page 253-259. - 2014
Keywords: United States of America, European Union, Class actions, European Commission, Law of european civil procedure,

28. The Emergence of the Framework Directive in EU Environmental Policy: an Exploration of its Function and Characteristics
The Emergence of the Framework Directive in EU Environmental Policy: an Exploration of its Function and Characteristics / Mireille Bogaart. - Cheltenham, UK ; Northampton, MA, USA : Edward Elgar. - Page 48-69 In: EU Environmental Legislation / edited by Marjan Peeters, Rosa Uylenburg, ISBN 9781781954768: (2014), Page 48-69. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Directives, Climate change, Environmental protection, Community law and municipal law, Environmental policy, Water Framework Directive,

29. The ECtHR's Decision in "Povse": Guidance for the Future of the Abolition of Exequatur for Civil Judgments in the European Union
The ECtHR's Decision in "Povse": Guidance for the Future of the Abolition of Exequatur for Civil Judgments in the European Union : European Court of Human Rights 18 June 2013, Decision on Admissibility, Appl. No. 3890/11 (Povse v. Austria) / Monique Hazelhorst In: Nederlands internationaal privaatrecht = ISSN 0167-7594: vol. 32, issue 1, page 27-33. - 2014
Keywords: Austria, European Union, Free movement, European Court of Human Rights, Admissibility, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Judgments,

30. Too many Voices?
Too many Voices? : the Prior Involvement of the Court of Justice of the European Union / Aida Torres Pérez. - Bruxelles : Larcier In: Journal européen des droits de l'homme = European Journal of Human Rights = ISSN 2294-9313: (2013), issue 4, page 565-583. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, European Court of Human Rights, Court of Justice of the European Communities, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Accession, Community law,

31. The two Lives of "Bosphorus": Redefining the Relationships between the European Court of Human Rights and the Parties to the Convention
The two Lives of "Bosphorus": Redefining the Relationships between the European Court of Human Rights and the Parties to the Convention / Olivier De Schutter. - Bruxelles : Larcier In: Journal européen des droits de l'homme = European Journal of Human Rights = ISSN 2294-9313: (2013), issue 4, page 584-624. - 2013
Keywords: European Court of Human Rights, European Union, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Court of Justice of the European Communities, Member states, Doctrines, Development of law,

32. Caught in the Middle or Leading the Way?
Caught in the Middle or Leading the Way? : National Courts in the New European Fundamental Rights Landscape / Monica Claes and Šejla Imamović. - Bruxelles : Larcier In: Journal européen des droits de l'homme = European Journal of Human Rights = ISSN 2294-9313: (2013), issue 4, page 625-653. - 2013
Keywords: European Court of Human Rights, European Union, Accession, Municipal courts, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950),

33. The Attribution of Conduct in the Law of International Responsibility, the European Union and the Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights
The Attribution of Conduct in the Law of International Responsibility, the European Union and the Jurisprudence of the European Court of Human Rights / Arman Sarvarian. - Bruxelles : Larcier In: Journal européen des droits de l'homme = European Journal of Human Rights = ISSN 2294-9313: (2013), issue 4, page 654-677. - 2013
Keywords: European Court of Human Rights, European Union, Accession, International responsibility, International organizations, Common foreign and security policy, European Commission, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950),

34. Lawyers without Borders: the Case for Legal Services Liberalisation
Lawyers without Borders: the Case for Legal Services Liberalisation / Nankunda Katangaza, Carolyn Thurston Smith In: International Trade Law and Regulation = ISSN 1357-3136: vol. 20, issue 3, page 45-49. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, International trade, Legal services,

35. Export Restrictions on Waste: Barrier to Trade or Tool for Harmonisation?
Export Restrictions on Waste: Barrier to Trade or Tool for Harmonisation? / Arnoud R. Willems, Raluca Radu In: International Trade Law and Regulation = ISSN 1357-3136: vol. 20, issue 3, page 50-55. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, International trade, Exportation and importation, Waste, Trade policy, Harmonisation,

36. The New EU Tobacco Products Directive and the Regulation of Tobacco Products with a Characterising Flavour
The New EU Tobacco Products Directive and the Regulation of Tobacco Products with a Characterising Flavour / Dr Christian Pitschas LLM In: International Trade Law and Regulation = ISSN 1357-3136: vol. 20, issue 3, page 60-69. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, International trade, Tobacco, Non-tariff barriers, Health, Community law and international law,

37. Réorienter L'Europe vers la croissance et l'emloi
Réorienter L'Europe vers la croissance et l'emloi : l'initiative citoyenne pour un plan européen extraordinaire / Paolo Ponzano In: Revue du droit de l'Union européenne = ISSN 1624-365X: (2014), issue 2, page 287-297. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Community law, Employment, Citizenship,

38. L'évaluation des incidences environnementales des programmes, plans et projets
L'évaluation des incidences environnementales des programmes, plans et projets : à la rechreche d'une protection juridictionelle effective / Nicolas de Sadeleer In: Revue du droit de l'Union européenne = ISSN 1624-365X: (2014), issue 2, page 231-286. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Environmental protection, Court of Justice of the European Communities, European environmental law, Convention on Access to Information, Public Participation in Decision-Making and Access to Justice in Environmental Matters (Aarhus, 25 June 1998), Directives, Community law and international law,

39. La tension entre lé́galité de traitement et le droit à la vie privée
La tension entre lé́galité de traitement et le droit à la vie privée : la protection des données à la caractère personnel et l'emploi des personnes souffrant d'un handicap / Nicola De Dominicis In: Revue du droit de l'Union européenne = ISSN 1624-365X: (2014), issue 2, page 299-314. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Community law, Privacy, Electronic data, Data protection, Discrimination, Directives, Invalidity, Employment,

40. The European Court of Justice and Process-Oriented Review
The European Court of Justice and Process-Oriented Review / Koen Lenaerts In: Yearbook of European Law = ISSN 0263-3264: vol. 31 (2012), page 3-16. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Judicial review,

41. The Future of EU Treaty Amendments
The Future of EU Treaty Amendments / Steve Peers In: Yearbook of European Law = ISSN 0263-3264: vol. 31 (2012), page 17-111. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Community law, Revision,

42. Reflections on the Institutional Balance, the Community Method and the Interplay between Jurisdictions After Lisbon
Reflections on the Institutional Balance, the Community Method and the Interplay between Jurisdictions After Lisbon / Ben Smulders, Katharina Eisele$aut$ In: Yearbook of European Law = ISSN 0263-3264: vol. 31 (2012), page 112-127. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Municipal courts, Preliminary rulings, Community law and municipal law,

43. End of an Epic?
End of an Epic? : the Draft Agreement on the EU's Accession to the ECHR / Tobias Lock In: Yearbook of European Law = ISSN 0263-3264: vol. 31 (2012), issue 1, page 162-197. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European Court of Human Rights, Court of Justice of the European Communities, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Human rights, Accession, Community law and international law,

44. The Tangled Complexity of the EU Constitutional Process: on Complexity as a Constitutional Theory of the EU
The Tangled Complexity of the EU Constitutional Process: on Complexity as a Constitutional Theory of the EU / Giuseppe Martinico In: Yearbook of European Law = ISSN 0263-3264: vol. 31 (2012), issue 1, page 198-226. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European constitutional law, Constitutionalism, Constitutional theory,

45. Drawing the Line Between Circumvention and Gap-Filling: an Exploration of the Conceptual Limits of the Treaty's Flexibility Clause
Drawing the Line Between Circumvention and Gap-Filling: an Exploration of the Conceptual Limits of the Treaty's Flexibility Clause / Theodore Konstadinides In: Yearbook of European Law = ISSN 0263-3264: vol. 31 (2012), issue 1, page 227-262. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Case-law,

46. Beyond the Exceptionalism of Constitutional Conflicts: the Ordinary Functions of the Identity Clause
Beyond the Exceptionalism of Constitutional Conflicts: the Ordinary Functions of the Identity Clause / Barbara Guastaferro In: Yearbook of European Law = ISSN 0263-3264: vol. 31 (2012), issue 1, page 263-318. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Constitutional law, European constitutional law, Community law and municipal law,

47. The Limits of Trust in Europe's Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: from Automatic Inter-State Cooperation to the Slow Emergence of the Individual
The Limits of Trust in Europe's Area of Freedom, Security and Justice: from Automatic Inter-State Cooperation to the Slow Emergence of the Individual / Valsamis Mitsilegas In: Yearbook of European Law = ISSN 0263-3264: vol. 31 (2012), issue 1, page 319-372. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Justice and home affairs, International co-operation,

48. Environmental Governance and the Legal Bases Conundrum
Environmental Governance and the Legal Bases Conundrum / Nicolas de Sadeleer In: Yearbook of European Law = ISSN 0263-3264: vol. 31 (2012), issue 1, page 373-401. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Environmental protection, Environmental policy, European environmental law,

49. The Autonomy of the EU Legal Order and the Law-Making Activities of International Organizations
The Autonomy of the EU Legal Order and the Law-Making Activities of International Organizations : Some Examples Regarding the Council's Most Recent Practice / Jenö Czuczai In: Yearbook of European Law = ISSN 0263-3264: vol. 31 (2012), issue 1, page 452-472. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, European Council, Common Fisheries Policy, Human rights, International organizations, Community law and international law,

50. The Impact of Enlargement (s) on the EU Institutions and Decision-Making
The Impact of Enlargement (s) on the EU Institutions and Decision-Making : Special Focus: Croatia / Iris Goldner Lang In: Yearbook of European Law = ISSN 0263-3264: vol. 31 (2012), issue 1, page 473-502. - 2012
Keywords: Croatia, European Union, Institutions and organs, Accession, New members,

51. Unpacking the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement
Unpacking the EU-Ukraine Association Agreement / Garret Sammon In: Irish Law Times = ISSN 1649-4164: vol. 32, issue 10, page 141-145. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Ukraine, Association agreements, European neighbourhood policy,

52. The "End of Waste" under EU Law
The "End of Waste" under EU Law / Vincent Brown In: Natural Resources and Environment = ISSN 0882-3812: vol. 28, issue 3, page 41-45. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Waste, Community law, Case-law,

53. EU Merger Remedy Arbitration: Key Features and Strategic Issues in Light of the first Reported Arbitral Award
EU Merger Remedy Arbitration: Key Features and Strategic Issues in Light of the first Reported Arbitral Award = L'arbitrage relatif aux engagements en matière de concentrations au sein de l'Union européenne: principales caracteristiques en enjeux stratégiques à la lumière de la première sentence arbitrale / Ferdinando Emanuele, Milo Molfa and Pierantonio D'Elia In: Revue de droit des affaires internationales = International Business Law Journal = ISSN 0295-5830: (2013), issue 5, page 445-465. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Concentrations, Arbitration clause, Commercial arbitration, International commercial arbitration, Community law,

54. Processo penal europeo
Processo penal europeo / José Antonio Farah Lopes de Lima. - São Paulo : Editora Atlas S.A. - Page 231-307 In: Direito processual penal internacional / Antonio Scarance Fernandes, Marcos Alexandre Coelho Zilli (coordenadores) ; Antonio Scarance Fernandes, Diego Fajardo Maranha Leão de Souza, Fábio Ramazzini Bechara y outros autores, ISBN 9788522474707: (2013), Page 231-307. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, European criminal procedure, Justice and home affairs,

55. The Conditions for Future Energy-Smart Water Utilities under EU and Danish Law and Policy
The Conditions for Future Energy-Smart Water Utilities under EU and Danish Law and Policy / Ellen Margrethe Basse In: Scandinavian Studies in Law = ISSN 0085-5944: vol. 59, page 19-77. - 2014
Keywords: Denmark, European Union, Hydroelectricity, Energy, Water management, Water, Utilities, Water law, Energy policy,

56. Les droits sociaux et l'Union européenne
Les droits sociaux et l'Union européenne / Myriam Benlolo-carabot. - Paris : Éditions A. Pedone. - Page 189-206 In: La justiciabilité des droits sociaux: vecteurs et résistances : actes du colloque tenu au Collège de France, Paris, 25 et 26 mai 2011 / sous la direction de Diane Roman, ISBN 9782233006578: (2012), Page 189-206. - 2012
Keywords: European Union, Community law, Social rights, Human rights,

57. Sind Patienten im Lichte der Richtlinie 24/2011/EU über die Ausübung der Rechte der Patienten sowie deren Umsetzung in das kroatische Recht eine unsichtbare Minderheit?
Sind Patienten im Lichte der Richtlinie 24/2011/EU über die Ausübung der Rechte der Patienten sowie deren Umsetzung in das kroatische Recht eine unsichtbare Minderheit? / Hana Horak, Nada Bodiroga-Vukobrat and Kosjenka Dumančić. - Hamburg : Verlag Dr. Kovač. - Page 177-218 In: Unsichtbare Minderheiten = Invisible Minorities / Nada Bodiroga-Vukobrat, Gerald G. Sander & Sanja Barić (Hrsg./eds.), ISBN 9783830068563: (2013), Page 177-218. - 2013
Keywords: Croatia, Patients, Directives, Community law and municipal law, Medical services, Minorities, Implementation, Human rights,

58. HIV/AIDS and Workplace - European Challenges
HIV/AIDS and Workplace - European Challenges / Mario Vinković. - Hamburg : Verlag Dr. Kovač. - Page 219-242 In: Unsichtbare Minderheiten = Invisible Minorities / Nada Bodiroga-Vukobrat, Gerald G. Sander & Sanja Barić (Hrsg./eds.), ISBN 9783830068563: (2013), Page 219-242. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, HIV/AIDS, Employees, Unemployment, Discrimination, Minorities, United Nations, International Labour Organization,

59. European Solidarity in the Areas of Immigration and Asylum Policy
European Solidarity in the Areas of Immigration and Asylum Policy : from Declaration to Implementation / Iro Nicolacopoulou-Stephanou In: Annuaire international des droits de l'homme = International Yearbook on Human Rights = Internationales Jahrbuch für Menschenrechte = Diethn̄es epetērida dikaōmatōn tou anthrōpou = ISSN 1790-7624: vol. 6, page 221-236. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Solidarity, Immigration, Asylum, Refugees, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007),

60. On Policing Article 2 TEU Compliance - Reverse Solange and Systemic Infringements Analyzed
On Policing Article 2 TEU Compliance - Reverse Solange and Systemic Infringements Analyzed / Dimitry Kochenov In: Polish Yearbook of International Law = ISSN 0554-498X: vol. 33 (2013), page 145-170. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Rule of law, Human rights, Community law and municipal law, Case-law,

61. Consolidation or Fragmentation?
Consolidation or Fragmentation? : European Competition Law in the EU Air Transport Sector: a Policy Analysis / Jakub Kociubiński In: Polish Yearbook of International Law = ISSN 0554-498X: vol. 33 (2013), page 189-203. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Air transport, Competition, Community law,

62. Criminalisation de l'immigration irrégulière et droits de l'homme dans le cadre de l'européanisation de la politique criminelle
Criminalisation de l'immigration irrégulière et droits de l'homme dans le cadre de l'européanisation de la politique criminelle : approches criminologiques / Georges P. Nikolopoulos In: Annuaire international des droits de l'homme = International Yearbook on Human Rights = Internationales Jahrbuch für Menschenrechte = Diethn̄es epetērida dikaōmatōn tou anthrōpou = ISSN 1790-7624: vol. 6, page 237-259. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Illegal immigrants, Human rights, Criminalization, Criminology,

63. Multiplying Minoritization Processes for New Migrants
Multiplying Minoritization Processes for New Migrants : from Legal Positivism to Creative Hermeneutics / Fotini Tsibiridou In: Annuaire international des droits de l'homme = International Yearbook on Human Rights = Internationales Jahrbuch für Menschenrechte = Diethn̄es epetērida dikaōmatōn tou anthrōpou = ISSN 1790-7624: vol. 6, page 293-313. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Migration, Minorities, Anthropology,

64. La IV Repubblica e i Tratta di Roma
La IV Repubblica e i Tratta di Roma / Gérard Bossuat. - Milano : CEDAM. - Page 13-27 In: Avanti adagio : i Trattati di Roma e l'unità europea / a cura di Daniela Preda, ISBN 9788813290917: (2013), Page 13-27. - 2013
Keywords: European Economic Community, Treaties, European Economic Community, European integration, Italy,

65. Il primato della politica: il governo tedesco e i negoziati per i Trattati di Roma (1955-1957)
Il primato della politica: il governo tedesco e i negoziati per i Trattati di Roma (1955-1957) / Andreas Wilkens. - Milano : CEDAM. - Page 29-46 In: Avanti adagio : i Trattati di Roma e l'unità europea / a cura di Daniela Preda, ISBN 9788813290917: (2013), Page 29-46. - 2013
Keywords: European Economic Community, Treaties, European Economic Community, European integration, West Germany,

66. La sfida del gradualismo costituzionale: l'Italia e i Trattati di Roma
La sfida del gradualismo costituzionale: l'Italia e i Trattati di Roma / Daniela Preda. - Milano : CEDAM. - Page 47-76 In: Avanti adagio : i Trattati di Roma e l'unità europea / a cura di Daniela Preda, ISBN 9788813290917: (2013), Page 47-76. - 2013
Keywords: European Economic Community, Treaties, European Economic Community, European integration, Italy,

67. Il "no" della Gran Bretagna
Il "no" della Gran Bretagna / Mark Gilbert. - Milano : CEDAM. - Page 77-89 In: Avanti adagio : i Trattati di Roma e l'unità europea / a cura di Daniela Preda, ISBN 9788813290917: (2013), Page 77-89. - 2013
Keywords: European Economic Community, Treaties, European Economic Community, European integration, Great Britain,

68. A second (Social) Chance for the EU (Liberal) Economic Constitution?
A second (Social) Chance for the EU (Liberal) Economic Constitution? / Giorgos Katrougalos In: Annuaire international des droits de l'homme = International Yearbook on Human Rights = Internationales Jahrbuch für Menschenrechte = Diethn̄es epetērida dikaōmatōn tou anthrōpou = ISSN 1790-7624: vol. 6, page 471-506. - 2011
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Economic policy, Constitutional law, Community law and municipal law,

69. Un bel dì vedremo: gli Stati Uniti i Trattati di Roma, 1955-57
Un bel dì vedremo: gli Stati Uniti i Trattati di Roma, 1955-57 / Massimiliano Guderzo. - Milano : CEDAM. - Page 91-128 In: Avanti adagio : i Trattati di Roma e l'unità europea / a cura di Daniela Preda, ISBN 9788813290917: (2013), Page 91-128. - 2013
Keywords: European Economic Community, Treaties, European Economic Community, European integration, United States of America,

70. Tesi contro: il "niet" sovietico ai Trattati di Roma
Tesi contro: il "niet" sovietico ai Trattati di Roma / Lara Piccardo. - Milano : CEDAM. - Page 129-152 In: Avanti adagio : i Trattati di Roma e l'unità europea / a cura di Daniela Preda, ISBN 9788813290917: (2013), Page 129-152. - 2013
Keywords: European Economic Community, Treaties, European Economic Community, European integration, Soviet Union,

71. La critica del Movimento federalista europeo ai Trattati di Roma
La critica del Movimento federalista europeo ai Trattati di Roma / Sergio Pistone. - Milano : CEDAM. - Page 155-176 In: Avanti adagio : i Trattati di Roma e l'unità europea / a cura di Daniela Preda, ISBN 9788813290917: (2013), Page 155-176. - 2013
Keywords: European Economic Community, Treaties, European Economic Community, European integration, Federalism,

72. Due strategie a confronto: Jean Monnet e Altiero Spinelli
Due strategie a confronto: Jean Monnet e Altiero Spinelli / Dario Velo. - Milano : CEDAM. - Page 183-190 In: Avanti adagio : i Trattati di Roma e l'unità europea / a cura di Daniela Preda, ISBN 9788813290917: (2013), Page 183-190. - 2013
Keywords: European Economic Community, Treaties, European Economic Community, European integration, Jean Monnet (1888-1979),

73. EU Environmental Policy
EU Environmental Policy / Eugenia Bartoloni. - The Hague : Eleven International Publishing. - Page 3-16 In: Implementing EU Environmental Law in Italy / Giovanni Di Cosimo (Ed.), ISBN 9789462360648: (2013), Page 3-16. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Environmental policy,

74. Introduction to European Environmental Directives
Introduction to European Environmental Directives / Erik Longo. - The Hague : Eleven International Publishing. - Page 17-22 In: Implementing EU Environmental Law in Italy / Giovanni Di Cosimo (Ed.), ISBN 9789462360648: (2013), Page 17-22. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, European environmental law,

75. Mechanisms for Implementing EU Law at State Level
Mechanisms for Implementing EU Law at State Level / Pietro Falletta and Nicola Lupo. - The Hague : Eleven International Publishing. - Page 23-38 In: Implementing EU Environmental Law in Italy / Giovanni Di Cosimo (Ed.), ISBN 9789462360648: (2013), Page 23-38. - 2013
Keywords: Italy, European Union, Community law and municipal law,

76. The Implementation of EU Law at Regional Level
The Implementation of EU Law at Regional Level / Giovanni Di Cosimo. - The Hague : Eleven International Publishing. - Page 39-46 In: Implementing EU Environmental Law in Italy / Giovanni Di Cosimo (Ed.), ISBN 9789462360648: (2013), Page 39-46. - 2013
Keywords: Italy, European Union, Regions, Community law and municipal law,

77. Infringement Proceedings
Infringement Proceedings / Michela Angeli and Paolo Palchetti. - The Hague : Eleven International Publishing. - Page 47-58 In: Implementing EU Environmental Law in Italy / Giovanni Di Cosimo (Ed.), ISBN 9789462360648: (2013), Page 47-58. - 2013
Keywords: Italy, European Union, European Commission, European environmental law, Community law and municipal law, Infraction, Proceedings,

78. Court of Justice's Rulings against Italy Relating to Infringements of EU Environmental Law
Court of Justice's Rulings against Italy Relating to Infringements of EU Environmental Law / Andrea Guazzarotti. - The Hague : Eleven International Publishing. - Page 59-69 In: Implementing EU Environmental Law in Italy / Giovanni Di Cosimo (Ed.), ISBN 9789462360648: (2013), Page 59-69. - 2013
Keywords: Italy, Court of Justice of the European Communities, European Commission, European environmental law, Community law and municipal law, Infraction, Case-law,

79. Der optionale Charakter der Europäischen Beweisaufnahmeverordnung
Der optionale Charakter der Europäischen Beweisaufnahmeverordnung : Urteile des Europäischen Gerichtshofs vom 6. September 2012 und 21. Februar 2013 / Stefan Huber In: Zeitschrift für europäisches Privatrecht = ISSN 0943-3929: vol. 22, issue 3, page 642-661. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Council Regulation (EC) No 1206/2001 of 28 May 2001 on cooperation between the courts of the Member States in the taking of evidence in civil or commercial matters [Brussels, 28 May 2001], Civil justice, Evidence, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Law of european civil procedure, Judicial assistance,

80. One page summaries trade mark case law CJEU
One page summaries trade mark case law CJEU / Prof. Dirk J.G. Visser. - Second edition. - Amsterdam : Klos Morel Vos & Schaap, 2014. - 135 pages. : illustrations General characterization: text; computer; online resource - 2014
Keywords: Trademarks, Court of Justice of the European Communities, Intellectual property, Case-law, Community law, E-docs,

Librarian's choice

These publications are selected for you by .

  • Steiner, J., L. Woods and P. Watson, Steiner and Woods EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014. Showcase item

    Steiner, J., L. Woods and P. Watson, Steiner and Woods EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Steiner & Woods EU law is fully updated and revised to reflect the latest case law and debates in EU law including new discussion of Pringle and the Eurozone crisis and the accession of Croatia to the EU. The book features extensively revised and restructured coverage of competition law and enforcement, includes substantially revised chapters on citizenship and discrimination, taking account of the fast-moving case law in these areas. The book features additional case detail and improved presentation of key facts and judgments. Now in its twelfth edition, Steiner & Woods EU Law is rightfully regarded as one of the best and most trusted EU law textbooks available. The book includes a well-balanced range of topics for students taking an EU law course at any level. It offers a careful blend of institutional and substantive coverage and focuses on explaining the law clearly for student readers, as well as raising areas of debate to inform class discussion and essays.The case detail is clearly sign-posted throughout the text, including excerpts from leading judgements, while diagrams distil complex tests and procedures to visually represent the workings of the EU. End of chapter reading suggestions plus a detailed bibliography provide a helpful starting point for essay preparation and independent research. The book is accompanied by a free Online Resource Centre (www.oxfordtextbooks.co.uk/orc/steiner_woods12e/).

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  • Klamert, M., The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Klamert, M., The Principle of Loyalty in EU Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Despite its seemingly innocuous wording, in what is now Article 4 (3) TEU, the principle of loyalty has had a significant impact in deepening the reach of EU law within the Member States. The duty of sincere cooperation has been interpreted strongly by the European Courts as imposing serious duties on States to give strong effect to European legal acts. The principle has been central to the development of Union law since the 1960s, and is still being relied on by the European Court of Justice to often-controversial effect. Providing a thorough discussion of the principle of loyalty in EU law, this book introduces a novel classification of the very diverse roles loyalty plays in the EU. It distinguishes between the effects loyalty prescribes for interlocking the legal orders of the Member States with Union law, its application in preventing and resolving conflicts between the Union and the Member States, and the loyalty principle’s role in the shaping of EU law. It addresses important and yet unresolved questions pertaining to loyalty, such as its relation to the principles of solidarity, pre-emption, the Union interest, institutional balance, and the unity of international representation. The book explains why loyalty has been neglected in the prevailing narratives about the foundational case law of the European Court of Justice, and highlights its central importance to understanding EU public law.

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  • Glencross, A., The Politics of European Integration : Political Union or a House Divided?, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    Glencross, A., The Politics of European Integration : Political Union or a House Divided?, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    This book is a systematic, up-to-date exploration of the politics of European integration that includes balanced coverage of the strengths and weaknesses of the European Union. The book examines European integration as a contested political process that continues to divide and inspire nations, citizens, and politicians.  The book also provides students with the analytical tools to consider why the EU functions as it currently does, whether the EU is sufficiently democratic, the politics behind EU legislation, debates over foreign policy, proposals for institutional reform, and the Eurozone sovereign debt crisis. Finally the book brings together the latest scholarly research from comparative politics, international relations, law, and democratic theory.

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  • Lenaerts, K., Maselis, I., Gutman, K., EU Procedural law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Lenaerts, K., Maselis, I., Gutman, K., EU Procedural law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    The European Union is unique amongst international organisations in that it has a highly developed and coherent system of judicial protection. The rights derived from Union law can be enforced in court, as opposed to other international organisations whereby enforceability is often far less certain. At the heart of the system of judicial protection in the European Union is the core principle of upholding the rule of law. As such, the stakes are high in the sense that the system of the judicial protection in the European Union must live up to its promise in which ndividuals, Member States and Union institutions are all guaranteed a route by which to enforce Union law rights. This book provides a rigorously structured analysis of the EU system of judicial protection and procedure before the Union courts. It examines the role and the competences of the Union courts and the types of actions that may be brought before them, such as the actions for infringement, annulment, and failure to act, as well as special forms of procedure, for example interim relief, appeals, and staff cases. In doing so, special attention is given to the fields of EU competition law and State aid. In addition it evaluates the relationship between the Court of Justice and the national courts through the preliminary ruling procedure and the interplay between EU law and the national procedural frameworks generally. Throughout, it takes account of significant institutional developments, including the relevant changes brought by the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty and the amendments to the Statute of the Court of Justice of the European Union and the Rules of Procedure of the Court of Justice and the General Court.

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  • Jacob, M., Precedents and Case-based Reasoning in the European Court of Justice : Unfinished Business, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Jacob, M., Precedents and Case-based Reasoning in the European Court of Justice : unfinished Business, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Past cases are the European Court of Justice’s most prominent tool in making and justifying the rulings and decisions which affect the everyday lives of more than half a billion people. Marc Jacob’s detailed analysis of the use of precedents and case-based reasoning in the Court uses methods such as doctrinal scholarship, empirical research, institutional analysis, comparative law and legal theory in order to unravel and critique the how and why of the court’s precedent technique. In doing so, he moves the wider debate beyond received ‘common law’ versus ‘civil law’ figments and ‘Eurosceptic’ versus ‘Euromantic’ battle lines, and also provides a useful blueprint for assessing and comparing the case law practices of other dispute resolution bodies.

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  • Hobolt, S.B., Tilley, J., Blaming Europe? : Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Hobolt, S.B., Tilley, J., Blaming Europe? : Responsibility without Accountability in the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    A key component of democratic accountability is that citizens understand ‘who is to blame’. Nonetheless, little is known about how citizens attribute responsibility in the European Union or how those perceptions of responsibility matter. This book presents the first comprehensive account of how citizens assign blame to the EU, how politicians and the media attempt to shift blame and finally, how it matters for electoral democracy. Based on rich and unique data sources, Blaming Europe? sheds light on all three aspects of responsibility in the EU. First, it shows that while institutional differences between countries shape citizen judgements of EU responsibility, those judgements are also highly determined by pre-existing attitudes towards the EU. Second, it demonstrates that neither politicians nor the media assign much blame to the EU. Third, it establishes that regardless of whether voters are capable of accurately assigning responsibility, they are not able to hold their EU representatives to account via the ballot box in European elections due to the lack of an identifiable ‘European government’ to reward or punish. As a consequence, when citizens hold the EU responsible for poor performance, but are unable to sanction an EU incumbent, they lose trust in the EU as a whole instead. In conclusion, it argues that this ‘accountability deficit’ has significant implications for the future of the European Union.

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  • Peers, S., Harvey, T. Kenner, J. and A. Ward (eds), The EU Charter of Fundamental Rights : a Commentary, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, Hart Publishing, 2014.

    Peers, S., Harvey, T. Kenner, J. and A. Ward (eds), The Eu charter of fundamental rights : a commentary, Oxford and Portland, Oregon, Hart Publishing, 2014.

    The Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union enshrines the key political, social and economic rights of EU citizens and residents in EU law. In its present form it was approved in 2000 by the European Parliament, the Council of Ministers and the European Commission. However its legal status remained uncertain until the entry into
    force of the Treaty of Lisbon in December 2009. The Charter obliges the EU to act and legislate consistently with the Charter, and enables the EU’s courts to strike down EU legislation which contravenes it. The Charter applies to EU Member States when they are implementing EU law but does not extend the competences of the EU beyond the competences given to it in the treaties. This Commentary on the Charter, the first in English, written by experts from several EU Member States, provides an authoritative but succinct statement of how the Charter impacts upon EU, domestic and international law. Following the conventional article-by-article approach, each commentator offers an expert view of how each article is either already being interpreted in the courts, or is likely to be interpreted. Each commentary is referenced to the case law and is augmented with extensive references to further reading. Six cross-cutting introductory chapters explain the Charter’s institutional anchorage, its relationship to the Fundamental Rights Agency, its interaction with other parts of international human rights law, the enforcement mechanisms, extraterritorial scope, and the all-important ‘Explanations’.

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  • Dörr, O. (Hrsg.), Staatshaftung in Europa : nationales und Unionsrecht, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2014.

    Dörr, O. (Hrsg.), Staatshaftung in Europa : nationales und Unionsrecht, Berlin, De Gruyter, 2014.

    This reference work provides a systematic presentation of the liability systems in EU member states for the first time. Similarities and differences between EU states’ various legal systems are presented and also explained in terms of Union Law. In addition, approaches to establishing a uniform state liability law in the future are outlined. This work includes, on the one hand, more than twenty reports about the state liability systems in the individual member states; on the other hand, comprehensive specialized report explain the entire European context and present comparative conclusions on the individual specialized topics. Based on the synopsis of the state liability systems together with the current state of Union liability as developed in case law, the law on state liability in the EU is extensively analyzed and its capability to develop based on general legal principles is defined.

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Database

EUR-Lex provides free access to European Union law and other documents considered to be public. The collection  include  treaties, international agreements, legislation in force, preparatory acts, case-law and parliamentary questions.

The European e-Justice Portal implemented by the Commission in very close cooperation with EU countries, provides a wealth of information and links on laws and practices in all EU countries. The resources range from information on legal aid, judicial training, European small claims and videoconferencing to links to legal databases, online insolvency and land registers. It also includes user-friendly forms for various judicial proceedings, such as the European order for payment. The portal benefits citizens, businesses, lawyers and judges with cross-border legal questions and boosts mutual understanding of different legal systems by contributing to the creation of a single European area of justice.

Blogs

  • European Court of Justice Clarification of the Research and Private Study Exception to Copyright Infringement for Libraries

    On Thursday 11 September 2014, the European Court of Justice ruled on the meaning of the research and private study exception to copyright infringement for libraries, educational establishments, museums and archives. The Court decided that libraries are allowed to digitise books and make them available to the public at e-reading points within its vicinity, without the author’s permission. The judgment was issued in Case C-117/13, Technische Universität Darmstadt v Eugen Ulmer KG.

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  • Connecting Habermas with International Law

    The financial crisis has intensified the debate about the feasibility of the European Union as a new phenomenon in international law. In his essay ‘On Europe’s Constitution’, philosopher Jürgen Habermas underlines that he regards the EU as a step in the direction of a politically constituted world order. In an 2012 interview Habermas focuses on the conceptual challenges of the EU by asking the quintessential question: How should we imagine a for closer co-operation necessary, supranational association which complies with stringent demands of democratic legitimacy without assuming the shape of a state?

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  • ECJ Judgment: Private Copying Levy Cannot Include Copies Made from Unlawful Sources!

    The European Court of Justice has been pretty busy the past weeks. On Tuesday, April 8th 2014, the Court has declared the Data Retention Directive invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. On Thursday, April 10th 2014, the Court has given its verdict on a complicated Dutch case involving the home-copying exception of European copyright legislation, and the associated use of copyright levies on blank media.

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  • The Origins of EU and EMU: Towards a Post-Westphalian Paradigm

    The theoretical hallmark of the European Union is its flexible approach to sovereignty. According to the Westphalian system of international relations which forms the prevailing paradigm in international law and lies at the heart of the organisation of the United Nations, sovereignty is one and indivisible. States are sovereign and without sovereignty there is no State. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, Philosopher of Law, Director of Euroknow and Creator of the Boardgame Eurocracy.

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  • Exit Data Retention Directive: a Victory for Privacy in Europe!

    Last Tuesday, April 8, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Data Retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC, 15 March 2006) invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. In the view of the Court, the requirement in the Data Retention Directive for mobile operators and internet service providers to retain data interfered in a “particularly serious manner with the fundamental rights to respect for private life and to the protection of personal data”.

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  • Europe: Backwards or Forwards?

    In an apocalyptic essay, written at the height of the euro-crisis in 2012, Joseph Weiler predicted that the European Union will turn on its member-states in a similar way as the Golem of Prague persecuted its creators in the 16th century. The author paves the way for this conclusion by attributing a dimension of ‘political messianism’ to the statements of the founding fathers, which turns the Schuman-declaration into a roadmap to ‘the Promised Land’. As messianic narratives are doomed to collapse, the European project is set to disappoint and alienate the populace as well. Consequently, the EU creates the conditions for its own destruction.

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  • Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

    For decades, the process of European integration has been hampered by the predominance of the Westphalian system of international relations. According to this system, which owes its name to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the process of European integration had to result either in the creation of a federal European state or in the establishment of a confederal union of states. Founded in 1992, the EU defied the Westphalian paradigm from the outset.

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  • Ukraine, Moving East or West?

    Although Yanukovych has claimed many times to seek good ties with Russia and the EU simultaneously, it seems that by refusing to sign the Association Agreement (AA) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU last November, the power balance is tipping towards Russia. As an alternative to further EU integration, Russia has been actively promoting Ukraine to join the Russian-led Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, which in the future could progress towards a further integrated Eurasian Union.

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  • Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    The Italian banker and politician Padoa-Schioppa used to describe Great-Britain as the Venice of Europe. Drawing a comparison between the Italian unification in the 19th century and the present process of European integration, Padoa-Schioppa suggested that the UK is and will remain as reluctant to give up the pound in favour of euro as Venice has been to join the Italian lira. The implication of the comparison is, of course, that, however grudgingly, in the end the UK will accept the common European currency as well.

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  • The European Union as a Common Democracy

    As a young democracy the EU urgently needs to strengthen its legitimacy and accountability. The transition from a traditional union of nation states to a polity of citizens and member states requires a fundamental adjustment of governance structures. The primordial challenge for the coming decades is therefore to address the democratic deficit and to turn the EU into a living democracy.

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  • A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    On June 28th 2011 Peter Kooijmans participated in a conference about the place of the EU in international law, which was held in the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace under the auspices of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and the Carnegie Foundation. According to a blog on this website, one of the participants started the debate on the presumption that ‘the EU is a thing for which lawyers have no name’.

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  • Cameron and the Intricacies of the Westphalian System of International Relations

    In his long-awaited speech on Europe British Prime Minister David Cameron criticised the EU for its lack of democracy. PM Cameron is right insofar as the citizens of the EU can’t elect their own European government and miss the power to vote their leaders out of office. However, Cameron’s criticism would only be justified if the EU were to be considered as a sovereign state like the UK, France or Germany.

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  • The EU and the Nobel Peace Prize: Who will say thank you?

    European Council President Herman Van Rompuy or Jose-Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission or Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament? Together they will fly to Oslo on December 10 to represent the main institutions of the EU at the acceptance ceremony for the Nobel Peace Prize 2012.

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  • The Novelty of the EU

    For decades, the debate about the future of the European Union has been dominated by the dilemma whether the EU was to become a federal state or should establish itself as a union of states. After the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, however, it may be suggested that the deadlock in the debate about the finalité politique has been broken. The gist of this blog is to argue that the Lisbon Treaty construes the EU as a democracy without turning the Union into a state. This conclusion can be underpinned as follows.

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  • Internet governance 2012: Who should control the Internet?

    In the last twenty years, the Internet has had a tremendous impact on society and the term “Internet governance” was introduced. At first it was mainly used to describe the technical management of the Internet such as domain names and internet protocols. Nowadays governance refers to questions like “Do we all accept our responsibilities to safeguard the continued development of the Internet as a global, open and safe virtual environment? and Who sets the rules? In this blog I will give a few highlights of the current developments of internet governance on an International and (as well as on) an European level.

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  • The EU as a democratic polity in international law

    On June 28, 2011 a conference was held about The European Union (hereafter EU) as a Polity in International Law at the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference was held at the initiative of Mr. Jaap Hoeksma, Director of Euroknow. This initiative was supported by Dr P. H. Kooijmans, Prof Dr L-J Brinkhorst, Dr W.F. van Eekelen, Dr W.van Gerven and Dr Th. van Boven.

    The theme of the conference was the legal status of the European Union and its relationship with international law.From its inception, the main goal of the European Union and its integration in the legal as well as political systems of the Member states has been faced with conceptual problems regarding the final goal of the establishment of the European Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss whether the Lisbon Treaty has overcome the problems by constructing the EU as a democratic polity without turning the Union into a state. If so, what are the consequences for the place of the EU as a polity in international law and for its role in international relations?

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  • European nuclear safety after the Japanese Fukushima disaster

    On Friday 11 March 2011, Japan was struck by a devastating earthquake and tsunami, also known as the Tōhoku earthquake. Japan’s nuclear crisis that was caused by the earthquake and tsunami has so far evoked many questions and worries about the safety of nuclear energy just like the Chernobyl disaster evoked responses in the 1980s. It raises questions about the possible impact of nuclear energy industry on safety and health. Several European countries have discussed the use of nuclear energy and safety measures or have temporarily shut down nuclear reactors since the Japanese earthquake of 11 March 2011.

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  • International and European criminal measures on intellectual property rights

    On October 2, 2010, the 11th and final round of the negotiations for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was concluded successfully in Tokyo, Japan. The Government of Japan hosted the negotiations. Participants in the negotiations included Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) – represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the [...]

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  • Roma Rights in the European Union.

    In July 2010, The French government decided to begin to expel Roma’s, mainly from Romania and Bulgaria, as many of them were living in France illegally. This decision caused much controversy within the Institutions of the EU. This blog will briefly discuss in what way EU institutions have responded to recent Roma issues and what can be done to improve the position of this marginalized community in Europe.

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  • EU Enlargement Strategy and Progress Reports 2009

    On 14 October 2009 the European Commission adopted its annual strategy document explaining its policy on EU enlargement. The document includes also a summary of the progress made over the last twelve months by each candidate and potential candidate: Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, [...]

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  • The European Union’s ‘ContraFake’ policy

    Counterfeiting, which represents 5 to 7% of world trade, has implications on the competitiveness of EU companies, on jobs and on the health and security of EU citizens. László Kovác, European Commissioner in charge of Taxation and Customs Union, states his vision on the fight against counterfeiting as follows. ‘Customs have a vital role [...]

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See also

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