International Contracts

Introduction

International Contracts - Research Guide International Law

International business transactions are described in the form of an international contract, containing the objective(s) and commitments of each of the parties involved and the terms which govern the transaction. When parties from different countries enter into a contract, they are governed by international contract law unless they agree to abide by the laws of one of the countries. International contract law is a branch of private international law. This type of law is frequently applied to as international sales law. International sales contracts are governed by the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) from 1980. The purpose of the CISG is to provide a regime for contracts for the international sale of goods. The Convention is developed to promote commercial exchanges between private parties. In history, merchants developed their own sort of international contract law. Traders wanted to deal despite differences in languages, culture and laws developed their own code for international transactions. These rules have evolved into the contract laws of today.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on International Contracts. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index code 291. Contracts: General Works; Law governing Contracts; Vienna Rules 1926 and subject heading (keyword) International Contracts are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Leading articles

Documents

Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

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  • DiMatteo, L.A., International Sales Law: A Global Challenge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    DiMatteo, International Sales Law: A Global Challenge, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    This title provides an introduction to international sales law.

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  • Cordero-Moss, G., International Commercial Contracts: Applicable Sources And Enforceability, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Cordero-Moss, G., International Commercial Contracts: Applicable Sources And Enforceability, 2014.

    Any practising lawyer and student working with international commercial contracts faces standardised contracts and international arbitration as mechanisms for dispute settlement. Transnational rules may be applicable, but national law is still important. Based on extensive practical experience, this book analyses international contract practice and its interaction with the various applicable sources: which role is played by the contractual regulation, which by national law, which by transnational sources, what is the interaction among these factors, and how does this all apply to contracts that refer disputes to international arbitration?

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  • Spark, G., Vitiation of Contracts: International Contractual Principles and English Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    Spark, G., Vitiation of Contracts: International Contractual Principles and English Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.
    Vitiation of Contracts proposes a new theory to explain the rationale of general vitiating factors in English contract law. It provides a clear link to voluntariness as the foundation of contractual liability and compares the English position, in light of this theory, with the Principles of International Commercial Contracts (PICC), the Principles of European Contract Law (PECL), the Draft Common Frame of Reference (DCFR) and the US Restatement (Second) of Contracts.
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  • Penadés Fons, M.A., Elección tácita de ley en los contratos internacionales, Cizur Menor, Aranzadi, 2012.

    Penadés Fons, M.A., Elección tácita de ley en los contratos internacionales, Cizur Menor, Aranzadi, 2012

    La libertad que actualmente se concede a las partes para que escojan la ley aplicable a su contrato comercial internacional no siempre se manifiesta mediante una cláusula expresa en el acuerdo. Este silencio deriva frecuentemente en litigación relativa a determinar si las partes efectivamente ejercieron dicha libertad, a pesar de que no quedara reflejado en el contrato. Aunque la normativa de la Unión Europea establece una solución armonizada para esta materia, la práctica demuestra que la respuesta dada por los tribunales de los Estados Miembros es sustancialmente heterogénea. Esto la convierte en una cuestión controvertida e incierta en cualquier litigio relacionado con un contrato comercial internacional. La presente obra analiza en profundidad los criterios empleados tanto por la jurisprudencia española como europea y ofrece una valiosa guía práctica profesional para enfrentarse a la cuestión de elección tácita de ley aplicable ante tribunales nacionales y arbitrales.

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  • Bortolotti, F., Il contratto internazionale: manuale teorico-pratico, Padova, Cedam, 2012.

    Bortolotti, F., Il contratto internazionale: manuale teorico-pratico, Padova, Cedam, 2012.

    Il presente volume intende affrontare il tema dei contratti internazionali in modo originale, da un lato concentrando l’attenzione sui temi essenziali, la cui comprensione è indispensabile per orientarsi in questa materia, e dall’altro utilizzando un metodo di esposizione, integrato con esempi e casi concreti, che faciliti la comprensione delle problematiche, non prive di complessità, relative alla cosiddetta contrattualistica internazionale. Per quanto riguarda il primo aspetto, l’autore ha cercato di approfondire gli aspetti realmente importanti per capire la materia dei contratti internazionali, tralasciando aspetti più marginali e talvolta anche questioni importanti sotto il profilo teorico, ma di fatto prive di rilevanza concreta. Infatti, lo scopo primario del volume è di mettere il lettore in grado di comprendere a fondo le problematiche dei contratti internazionali e quindi di potersi orientare nella materia, il che non esclude la possibilità di ulteriori approfondimenti su aspetti specifici. Quanto al secondo aspetto, quello del metodo espositivo, ricorrendo ad un linguaggio semplice e il meno «tecnico» possibile, illustrando le questioni critiche con esempi concreti e, infine, utilizzando accorgimenti grafici che facilitino la lettura, è stato realizzato un prodotto editoriale che sia nella massima misura user-friendly, mettendo in primo piano le esigenze del lettore.

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  • Paulsson, J., N. Rawding and L. Reed, The Freshfields Guide to Arbitration Clauses in International Contracts, Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer Law International, 2011.

    Paulsson, J., N. Rawding and L. Reed, The Freshfields Guide to Arbitration Clauses in International Contracts, Alphen aan den Rijn, Kluwer Law International, 2011.

    For many parties to international contracts, arbitration has proven to be the most effective means of dispute resolution, yet too many of such contracts still founder on the rocks of defective dispute resolution clauses. This acclaimed book shows practitioners how to steer clear of those all-toocommon obstacles by drafting fully-informed, comprehensive contract provisions at the outset. With this newly updated edition of the Freshfields Guide to Arbitration Clauses in International Contracts – still in the concise, attractive format that made the original so popular – lawyers and business people will confidently negotiate contracts that ensure a speedy, clear-cut resolution of any dispute likely to arise. With this new edition The Freshfields Guide to Arbitration Clauses in International Contracts reaffirms itself as the preferred short guide for busy contract negotiators. It will help them to draft provisions that will weather disputes, preserve transactions, and foster long-lasting relationships between parties.

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Database

Blogs

  • UNCITRAL Rotterdam Rules

    Following the adoption of the UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce at its twenty-ninth session in 1996, the United Nations Commission on Trade Law (UNCITRAL) considered, as part of the Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) project, a proposal to include in its work programme a review of current practices and laws in the area of the international carriage of goods by sea, with a view to establishing the need for uniform rules where no such rules existed and with a view to achieving greater uniformity of laws.

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See also

More Research guides on Private International Law

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