Private International Law

Introduction

Private International Law - Research Guide International Law

Private International Law or International Private Law governs the choice of law to apply when there are conflicts in the domestic law of different countries related to private transactions. This means that there is a dispute or transaction that involves one of the following:

  • what jurisdiction applies – choice of court, forum selection, renvoi (transfer of proceedings)
  • choice of applicable law
  • recognition or enforcement of a foreign judgment

In the U.S., Canada, and, most recently, England, it is known as conflict of laws.

National laws are the primary sources of Private International Law. Private International Law is also embodied in treaties and conventions, model laws, legal guides, and other instruments that regulate transactions. Private International Law deals with a variety of topics, such as (international) contracts, torts (lex loci delicti), family matters, recognition of judgments, child adoption and abduction, real property (lex rei sitae), intellectual property.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research in the field of Private International Law in General. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index codes 261. Private International Law : General Works; Various Essays, 262. Private International Law of the Various States and subject heading (keyword) Private International Law are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Leading articles

Documents

Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

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  • A Commitment to Private International Law: Essays in Honour of Hans van Loon, Cambridge, Intersentia, 2013.

    A Commitment to Private International Law: Essays in Honour of Hans van Loon, Cambridge, Intersentia, 2013.

    Hans van Loon has been at the forefront of private international law for well over a quarter of a century. Since joining the Hague Conference on Private International Law in 1978, he has presided over remarkable growth of the Organisation and significant changes to how it operates. He has been involved in the development of nine Hague Conventions, two of which are fast approaching 100 Contracting States, as well as the revision of the Statute of the Hague Conference. In his time as Secretary General, he has seen the Organisation’s membership grow from 44 to 72 Members (with more than 60 non-Member States now party to at least one Hague Convention), which has turned the Hague Conference into a veritable world organisation. The continued relevance of the Hague Conference in the 21st century owes much to the commitment of Hans van Loon to private international law and his awareness of its role in a broader social context. This Liber Amicorum is a collection of contributions from friends and colleagues who have shared the negotiating table with Hans van Loon at various diplomatic sessions, collaborated with him on seminars and academic pursuits around the globe, and worked alongside him at the Permanent Bureau.

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  • Fawcett, J.J. and P. Torremans (eds.), Intellectual Property and Private International Law, Oxford, Oxford Universtiy Press, 2011.

    Fawcett, J.J. and P. Torremans (eds.), Intellectual Property and Private International Law, Oxford, Oxford Universtiy Press, 2011.

    Intellectual property has traditionally been regulated on a territorial basis. However, the protection and commercial exploitation of intellectual property rights such as patents, trade marks, designs and copyright occurring across borders are now seldom confined to one jurisdiction. This book considers how the introduction of a foreign element inevitably raises potential problems of private international law, ranging from establishing which court has jurisdiction and which is the applicable law to securing the recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments. The Internet has brought a significant increase in the scale of this phenomenon and valuable new chapters have been added to this edition to reflect this. Nationally protected trade marks are now used globally on websites and copyright material is distributed, communicated and copied in a world without borders. Patents have already been licensed on a transnational basis for several decades. All this raises questions of jurisdiction and applicable law.

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  • Kroll-Ludwigs, K., Die Rolle der Parteiautonomie im europäischen Kollisionsrecht, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2013.

    Kroll-Ludwigs, K., Die Rolle der Parteiautonomie im europäischen Kollisionsrecht, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2013.

    Die Parteiautonomie ist als Grundprinzip im Recht der vertraglichen und außervertraglichen Schuldverhältnisse anerkannt. In jüngster Zeit ist sie auch im Bereich des nicht-wirtschaftlichen Personenverkehrs auf dem Vormarsch. Paradigmatisch hierfür stehen die im Zuge der Vereinheitlichung des Kollisionsrechts in Europa geschaffenen Rechtswahltatbestände in den verabschiedeten bzw. geplanten Rechtsakten zum Unterhalts-, Scheidungs- und Güterrecht sowie zum Erbrecht. Trotz dieser Entwicklung existieren im Ausgangspunkt Unterschiede zwischen einer weiten Rechtswahlfreiheit im Vertragsrecht einerseits und einem nur beschränkten Ansatz im Familien- und Erbrecht andererseits. Kathrin Kroll-Ludwigs zeigt, dass die bislang angeführten Gründe für eine derartige Beschränkung nicht überzeugen können. Sie plädiert für eine einheitliche Ausgestaltung der Parteiautonomie im europäischen Kollisionsrecht in Form einer freien Rechtswahl der Parteien.

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  • Vogeler, A., Die freie Rechtswahl im Kollisionsrecht der außervertraglichen Schuldverhältnisse, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2013.

    Vogeler, A., Die freie Rechtswahl im Kollisionsrecht der außervertraglichen Schuldverhältnisse, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2013.

    With the codification of Art. 14 of the Rome II Regulation, European lawmakers harmonized the exercise of party autonomy for non-contractual obligations in European law. Andreas Vogeler does a systematic study of party autonomy in the framework of international private law, at the same time providing recommendations for politics and practical use.

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  • Garcimartín Alférez, F.J., Derecho internacional privado, Madrid, Civitas/Thomson Reuters, 2012.

    Garcimartín Alférez, F.J., Derecho internacional privado, Madrid, Civitas/Thomson Reuters, 2012.

    El objeto de esta obra es un sector muy particular dentro del ordenamiento jurídico: el Derecho internacional privado. Las normas que regulan las relaciones privadas internacionales. La importancia práctica del Derecho internacional privado ha crecido mucho durante los últimos años de la mano de la internacionalización de la sociedad y de los mercados españoles. Las relaciones privadas entre personas o empresas de diferentes países han pasado de lo anecdótico a lo habitual.

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  • Beaumont, P. and P. McEleavy (eds.), Anton's Private International Law, Edinburgh, Green, 2012.

    Beaumont, P. and P. McEleavy (eds.), Anton's Private International Law, Edinburgh, Green, 2012.

    Recently, the 3rd edition of Professor Anton’s standard text on the Scottish rules of private international law has been published. The book has been completely revised by Professor Paul Beaumont (University of Aberdeen) and Professor Peter McEleavy (University of Dundee) paying regard to the fact that the subject area has been comprehensively restructured in recent years due to the process of Europeanisation. The Brussels I, Brussels IIa, Rome I, Rome II and Maintenance Regulations, as well as associated case law, are considered in detail with regard paid to their particular impact on Scots law. Further, the recent work of the Hague Conference on Private International Law is included, in particular the Conventions on Maintenance, Choice of Court, Protection of Adults, Protection of Children and Inter-country Adoption. In analysing European and global instruments the authors have drawn on their experience in participating in the negotiation processes in Brussels as well as from their work for the Hague Conference.

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  • Borras, A. (ed.), Legislación básica de derecho internacional privado, Madrid, Technos, 2012.

    Borras, A. (ed.), Legislación básica de derecho internacional privado, Madrid, Technos, 2012.

    Esta obra constituye una sistematización, con abundantes notas y concordancias, además de referencias a las direcciones de Internet útiles para completar y poner al día determinados datos, de los textos básicos de Derecho internacional privado vigentes en el ordenamiento español, precedidos de una introducción. Partiendo de la Constitución española y los textos básicos de la Unión Europea, profundamente modificados tras la entrada en vigor del Tratado de Lisboa el 1º de diciembre de 2009, las normas más relevantes en esta materia se han agrupado en tres grandes rúbricas: la consagrada a las “Normas de Derecho procesal y de cooperación internacional de autoridades”, al “Arbitraje” y a las “Normas de conflicto de leyes: dimensión internacional y dimensión interna”. En cada uno de estos sectores se incluyen las normas internas, las del Derecho convencional internacional en vigor en el ordenamiento español y las de Derecho de la Unión Europea con incidencia en el ámbito del Derecho internacional privado, qua han aumentado notablemente en los últimos tiempos. Este amplio conjunto de textos, actualizados hasta mayo de 2011, está destinado a facilitar tanto la docencia universitaria como la labor de los profesionales del Derecho.

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  • Dicey, A.V. and Morris, J.H.C. (et al.), Dicey, Morris and Collins on the Conflict of Laws, London, Sweet and Maxwell Thomson Reuters, 2012.

    Dicey, A.V. and Morris, J.H.C. (et al.), Dicey, Morris and Collins on the Conflict of Laws, London, Sweet and Maxwell Thomson Reuters, 2012.

    Dicey, Morris & Collins on the Conflict of Laws is renowned worldwide as the foremost authority on private international law. It explains the rules, principles and practice which determine how the law of England and Wales relates to other legal systems. Explanation of each rule is followed by comment, and illustration by detailed reference to case law, ensuring it remains an in-depth but accessible research tool.

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Database

Blogs

  • The Hague Academy of International Law: Celebrating 90 Years of Academic Excellence

    On July 24, 1923, ten years after the opening of the Peace Palace, the Hague Academy of International Law was solemnly inaugurated in the Peace Palace ‘to teach subjects which are most important from the point of view of theory, practice, legislation and international jurisprudence, in particular from deliberations of conferences and arbitral awards’ (Art. 3 of its statute adopted in 1914).

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  • Shell and Ogoni People : (s)oil pollution in the Niger Delta

    On January 30, 2013, the court (Rechtbank) in the Hague, The Netherlands, ruled that Royal Dutch Shell can be held partially responsible for pollution in Nigeria’s Niger Delta region and ordered it to pay damages to one farmer. The Dutch court dismissed four out of five allegations of the Ogoni people against the oil company. Although Shell blames the oil pollution to sabotage, activists say the case could set a precedent for damage claims related to the foreign activities of multinational companies.

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  • Immunities in Public and Private International Law - 9th Session of the Seminar for Advanced Studies, 13-19 January 2013

    Each year the Hague Academy of International law, one of the most renowned academic institutions in Europe, holds a seminar devoted to various aspects of public and private international law. The theme of this year’s seminar will be: ”Les immunités en droit international public et privé” (Immunities in public and private international law). This Programme of Advanced Studies will take place from 13 to 19 January 2013 at the Academy building in The Hague.

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  • Inspiration and innovation in international law and politics, 100 years Nobel peace prize Tobias Asser

    The conference in honor of the late Tobias Asser, a hundred years after receiving the Nobel peace prize, featured a day long program with various speakers, presentations and panel discussions. The following is a selection of the opinions delivered by some of the most prominent speakers on the subjects of public international law and private international law. For a more detailed account of the life and legacy of Tobias Asser, please see ‘The learned guide of our nation …’.

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  • The Special Commission on the implementation of the 2007 Child Support Convention and of the Protocol on Applicable Law

    From 10 to 17 November a Special Commission of the Conference on Private International Law (hereafter HCCH) on the implementation of the 2007 Child Support Convention and of the Protocol on Applicable Law will meet at the Peace Palace in The Hague. The Special Commission of the HCCH will discuss the implementation of the 2007 Child Support Convention and of the Protocol on Applicable Law. The new Convention aims to resolve the problems of unpaid or uncollectible child support and the problems of costly, complicated, slow and under-utilized international procedures. It will provide for a simplified procedure to recover child support internationally.

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  • Cultural Diversity

    On Monday the 17th of August 2009 the Centre for Studies and Research in International Law and International Relations of the Hague Academy of International Law started. The Centre takes place annually at the Academy and Library building of the Peace Palace. The purpose of the Centre is to bring together advanced young scholars of [...]

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  • Shell Settles Nigerian Claims of Human Rights Violations

    On Monday, 8 June Royal Dutch Shell, Europe’s largest oil producer, reached a 15.5 million dollar settlement in a lawsuit brought against it by the families of the nine Nigerian activists who were killed in 1995. The lawsuit, which was brought to a New York court under the US Alien Tort Claims Act (ATCA), accused Shell’s Nigerian subsidiary of complicity in the hanging and the killings or persecution of the environmental activists.

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