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Peace Palace 100 Years
August 28th, 2013 marks the Centennial anniversary of the Peace Palace in The Hague. Since its inauguration, the Peace Palace has become a worldwide icon of Peace and Justice. A chain of special events are scheduled between August 28th and September 21st, the UN Day of Peace, to emphasize The Netherlands’ unwavering commitment to a better world in which conflicts are settled peacefully. Let’s celebrate!
The Peace Palace was built in 1913 with funds from a donation made by celebrated steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie. It is home to a number of international judicial institutions, including the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice and the Hague Academy of International Law, which attracts law students from all over the world every summer. The Peace Palace is one of the most photographed landmarks of The Hague and is accessible to the public through guided weekend tours. To commemorate the 100 Years anniversary, the Peace Palace Library presents a series of library blogs, pictures, posters and other materials from its collection to illustrate the origins and history of the Peace Palace, and its important role in the development of international law and world peace.
Tagged with: Peace Palace
- Eyffinger, A.C.G.M., The Peace Palace: Residence for Justice, Domicile of Learning, The Hague, Carnegie Foundation, 1988.
- Eyffinger, A.C.G.M., The Trusteeship of an Ideal: The Carnegie Foundation, Vignettes of a Century, Amsterdam, Enschedé, 2004.
- Hebly, A. and C. Boekraad, A New Home for the Study of International Law, The Hague, ABRI Publishers, 2008.
- Kerkvliet, G.C.H., The Peace Palace: A Living Institution of International Law, The Hague, Carnegie Foundation, 2005.
Books and articles
- Eyffinger, A.C.G.M., The 1899 Hague Peace Conference: ‘The Parliament of Man, the Federation of the World’, The Hague, Kluwer Law International, 1999.
- Eyffinger, A.C.G.M., The 1907 Hague Peace Conference: ‘The Conscience of the Civilized World’, The Hague, Judicap, 2007.
- Eyffinger, A.C.G.M., The International Court of Justice, 1946-1996, The Hague, Kluwer Law International, 1996.
- Krass, P., Carnegie, Hoboken, NJ, Wiley, 2002.
- Krieken, P.J. van, and D. McKay (eds.), The Hague: Legal Capital of the World, The Hague, T.M.C. Asser Press, 2005.
- Nasaw, D., Andrew Carnegie, New York, NY, Penguin Press, 2006.
- Resnik, J. and D.E. Curtis, “Multi-Jurisdictional Premises: from Peace to Crimes”, in Representing Justice: Invention, Controversy, and Rights in City-States and Democratic Courtrooms, New Haven, CT, Yale University Press, 2011, pp. 247-287.
- Vervliet, J.B., The Peace Palace Library Centennial: the Collection as a Mirror of the Historical Development of International Law, Den Haag, Nijhoff, 2004.
- Vriesendorp, D. (et al.) (eds.), The Hague Legal Capital?: Liber in Honorem W.J. Deetman, The Hague, Hague Academic Press, 2008.
On this page you’ll find a special collection of books on the history, design and function of the Peace Palace. Furthermore, books on Andrew Carnegie, the wealthy Scottish-American industrialist and philanthropist, who donated $ 1,5 million dollars to build the Palace, and books on its inhabitants, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the International Court of Justice and the Carnegie Foundation.
Upcoming: the Carnegie Foundation will publish a book to mark the Centenary of the Peace Palace. The book will reflect on the role the Peace Palace has played in the history of war and peace in the 20th century. It will portray the occupants of the Peace Palace and also included will be a photo documentary about ‘daily life’ at the Peace Palace. From 28 August 2013 the Centenary book will be available in an English, French and Dutch edition. The selling price will be circa € 40.
Joor, J. and H.M., Verrijn Stuart, The Building of Peace: A Hundred Years of Work on Peace through Law: the Peace Palace, 1913-2013, The Hague, Carnegie Foundation, 2013. Showcase item
The Carnegie Foundation, the owner and keeper of the Peace Palace, has taken the initiative to publish a book to mark the Centenary of the Peace Palace. This book, aimed at the general public, reflects on the role the Peace Palace has played in the history of war and peace in the 20th Century. It also portrays the occupants of the Peace Palace in 2013: The International Court of Justice, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the Library and the Hague Academy of International Law. The historical part of the book is written by Johan Joor; the contemporary part by Heikelien Verrijn Stuart. Also included a photo documentary about ‘daily life’ at the Peace.
This versatile book highlights the Centenary of the Peace Palace in all of its facets. Unlike in 1913, in 2013 the world is not in an idealistic mood. Differences between countries have partly given way to complex conflicts within national borders, and with international dimensions. This book examines the existence and the legitimacy of the Peace Palace with an open, inquiring gaze. New historical research describes in detail how this icon of international law, and the institutions that it houses, have survived the past century, with all of their bruises and successes. Major authors from different continents have written personal contributions, an extensive photo series shows what happens inside the walls of the Peace Palace over the course of a year, and an expert in the field of international law takes the reader inside and discusses the image and self-image of the institutions in the Peace Palace, on the basis of personal observations. This is a fascinating insight into a specialized world that is seen as closed off, but that increasingly recognizes the interests of everyone. A microcosm with a global perspective, where work is done with great dedication and commitment to promote and maintain peace in the world via the dispassionate means of law.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Joor, J. et H.M. Verrijn Stuart, La construction de la paix: une action séculaire au service de la paix par le droit: le Palais de la Paix, 1913-2013, La Haye, Fondation Carnegie, 2013. Showcase item
Ce livre éclaire sous plusieurs aspects les différentes facettes du centenaire du Palais de la Paix. Contrairement à la situation qui prévalait en 1913, le monde a abandonné en 2013 toute vision idéaliste. Les antagonismes entre pays ont laissé la place à des conflits complexes au sein des frontières des États, conflits qui présentent des dimensions internationales. Le présent ouvrage étudie l’existence et le droit à l’existence du Palais de la Paix en portant un regard ouvert et curieux. Une nouvelle étude historique décrit en détail comment cette icône du droit international et les institutions qu’elle héberge ont traversé le siècle dernier, avec leurs difficultés et leurs succès. De grands auteurs de plusieurs continents apportent leur contribution personnelle, tandis qu’un reportage photographique montre tout ce qui s’est déroulém entre les murs du Palais de la Paix en une année. En outre, un expert du droit international présente au lecteur le Palais de l’intérieur et commente, à partir d’observations personnelles, l’image que les institutions du Palais de la Paix donnent d’elles-mêmes et ont d’elles-mêmes. Un regard fascinant porté sur un monde spécialisé souvent considéré comme fermé, mais qui prête de plus en plus d’attention aux intérêts de chacun. Un microcosme à perspective mondiale qui travaille ardemment et avec une grande implication à la promotion et au maintien de la paix dans le mond, en s’armant de la froideur du droit.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Joor, J. en H.M. Verrijn Stuart, Bouwen aan vrede: honderd jaar werken aan vrede door recht: het Vredespaleis, 1913-2013, 's-Gravenhage, Carnegie-Stichting, 2013. Showcase item
Het Vredespaleis in Den Haag geniet wereldwijde bekendheid. Maar wat is de geschiedenis van dit markante gebouw? Welke rol speelde Andrew Carnegie, hoe kwam het in Den Haag terecht, hoe kwam het de Eerste en Tweede Wereldoorlog door en waarom is er sprake van een renaissance sinds de val van de Muur? De auteur van het rijk geillustreerde historische deel, Johan Joor, beschrijft op een toegankelijke manier de bewogen geschiedenis van het Vredespaleis en van de instituties en organisaties die het wereldwijde symbool van de vrede herbergt: het Permanente Hof van Arbitrage, het Internationale Gerechtshof – het belangrijkste gerechtelijke orgaan binnen de Verenigde Naties -, de Bibliotheek, de Haagse Academie en de Carnegie-stichting. De geschiedenis wordt vanaf het eind van de 19e eeuw verteld, maar de nadruk ligt op de ontwikkelingen sinds 1989. Een prachtig overzicht over de wereldgeschiedenis, gezien vanuit een bijzondere plek in Den Haag, het Vredespaleis. Behalve een historisch deel bevat het boek ook een essay dat het Vredespaleis beschrijft vanuit een juridisch-filosofisch perspectief, van de hand van Heikelina Verrijn Stuart.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Hebly, A. and C. Boekraad, A New Home for the Study of International Law, The Hague, ABRI Publishers, 2008.
The icon of The Hague as the City of International Justice is the Peace Palace (1913) surrounded by its beautiful gardens. In 2007 a new building was added on the south side of the Peace Palace, accommodating both the Hague Academy of International Law and the famous Peace Palace Library. Openess is a key word for the design of the building, created by the firm Wilford Schupp Architekten. Context, design process and architecture of the Academy and Library are appraised and illuminated with comprehensive drawings and pictures.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Eyffinger, A.C.G.M., The 1907 Hague Peace Conference: "The Conscience of the Civilized World", The Hague, Judicap, 2007.
On 18 October 2007, during a special meeting of the Administrative Council of the Permanent Court of Arbitration in the Peace Palace in The Hague, the first copy of Arthur Eyffinger’s new book on the Second Hague Peace Conference of 1907 was presented to the Council’s acting President Mr. Max van der Stoel. This book is the successor of the author’s monumental and ASIL Award-winning commemorative books on the International Court of Justice (1996) and the First Hague Peace Conference (1999). The present publication links its two predecessors in bridging the gap between that first seminal gathering of the nations in The Hague in 1899 and the institutionalization of the international judicature in 1922.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Eisenstadt, A.S., Carnegie's Model Republic: 'Triumphant Democracy' and the British-American Relationship, Albany, NY, State University of New York Press, 2007.
Andrew Carnegie (1835–1919) has long been known as a leading American industrialist, a man of great wealth and great philanthropy. What is not as well known is that he was actively involved in Anglo-American politics and tried to promote a closer relationship between his native Britain and the United States. To that end, Carnegie published Triumphant Democracy in 1886, in which he proposed the American federal republic as a model for solving Britain’s unsettling problems. On the basis of his own experience, Carnegie argued that America was a much-improved Britain and that the British monarchy could best overcome its social and political turbulence by following the democratic American model. He expressed a growing belief that the antagonism between the two nations should be supplanted by rapprochement. A. S. Eisenstadt offers an in-depth analysis of Triumphant Democracy, illustrating its importance and illuminating the larger current of British-American politics between the American Revolution and World War I and the fascinating exchange about the virtues and defects of the two nations.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Nasaw, D., Andrew Carnegie, New York, NY, Penguin Press, 2006.In this magnificent biography, celebrated historian David Nasaw brings to life the fascinating rags-to-riches story of one of our most iconic business legends-Andrew Carnegie, America’s first modern titan. From his first job as a bobbin boy at age thirteen to his status as the richest man in the world upon retirement, Carnegie was the embodiment of the American dream and the prototype of today’s billionaire. Drawing on a trove of new material, Nasaw brilliantly plumbs the core of this fascinating and complex man, at last fixing him in his rightful place as one of the most compelling, elusive, and multifaceted personalities of the twentieth century.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Kerkvliet, G.C.H., The Peace Palace: A Living Institution of International Law, The Hague, Carnegie Foundation, 2005.
The Peace Palace was created by the French architect Louis Cordonnier as a ‘dream palace for world peace’. This dream became reality thanks to a gift donated by the American industrial magnate Andrew Carnegie. Comprising a wealth of decorations, it forms a symbolic tribute to the ideals of peace and justice. The Peace Palace is home to the International Court, which is the principle judicial body of the United Nations, and to the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the oldest intergovernmental organisation in the area of dispute resolution. This monumental building, which also houses the Hague Academy of International Law, is therefore the most important seat of international law in the international community. This publication gives a brief account of the Peace Palace, past and present. It takes you back in history to the time of its foundation, relating the artistic milestones along the way. It also explains how countries try to resolve their disputes here peacefully by means of international adjudication, arbitration or mediation.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Eyffinger, A.C.G.M., The Trusteeship of an Ideal: the Carnegie Foundation, Vignettes of a Century, Amsterdam, Enschedé, 2004.
On the 14th of April, the Carnegie Foundation presented its Centenary book under the titel “Trusteeship of an ideal”, with a collection of scetches from the past century centered around important persons in the history of the foundation. The book is written by dr. Arthur Eyffinger, who is a former librarian of the ICJ and a productive writer of books on the Hague as the world’s legal centre.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Krass, P., Carnegie, Hoboken, NJ, Wiley, 2002.
One of the major figures in American history, Andrew Carnegie was a ruthless businessman who made his fortune in the steel industry and ultimately gave most of it away. He used his wealth to ascend the world’s political stage, influencing the presidencies of Grover Cleveland, William McKinley, and Theodore Roosevelt. In retirement, Carnegie became an avid promoter of world peace, only to be crushed emotionally by World War I. In this compelling biography, Peter Krass reconstructs the complicated life of this titan who came to power in America’s Gilded Age. He transports the reader to Carnegie’s Pittsburgh, where hundreds of smoking furnaces belched smoke into the sky and the air was filled with acrid fumes and mill workers worked seven-day weeks while Carnegie spent months traveling across Europe. Carnegie explores the contradictions in the life of the man who rose from lowly bobbin boy to build the largest and most profitable steel company in the world. Krass examines how Carnegie became one of the greatest philanthropists ever known and earned a notorious reputation that history has yet to fully reconcile with his remarkable accomplishments.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Eyffinger, A.C.G.M., The 1899 Hague Peace Conference: 'The Parliament of Man, the Federation of the World', The Hague, Kluwer Law International, 1999.“The Dawn of a New Era”, as some rejoiced, “a printer’s error in the history of mankind”, as others loathed. From the day Czar Nicholas’ Peace Rescript surprised a divided world, the First Hague Peace Conference has evoked irreconcilable responses. A predictable failure in the disarmament debate, a distinct leap ahead in curbing the Moloch of War, its lasting repute is linked to its brainchild, the Permanent Court of Arbitration, the cradle of The Hague’s present claim as self-imposed Juridical Capital of the World. By all accounts, this “First Parliament of Man” opened the door to the International Era and man’s ultimate dream, “The Federation of the World.” This text pays tribute to this historical assembly. It deals comprehensively with the genesis, proceedings, and outcome of this first diplomatic encounter of its kind, in the political heart and royal residence of a small, yet ambitious nation. It details the substance matter of the Conference, to put a check on the armaments spiral, to restrain the evils and control the customs of war, and to provide for the peaceful settlement of disputes. Enlarging on the intense debate in committees large and small, the publication likewise echoes the splendour of the ceremonial sittings of the Plenary, that “New Areopagus” gathered in the House in the Wood, itself the glorification of the Peace of Westphalia, its exotic drawing rooms and celebrated canvasses the pinnacle of arts and crafts of the Dutch Golden Age. On top of this, the work colourfully portrays to a man the full hundred delegates, politicians, diplomats, jurists, and military men, luminaries of the day most of them, and highlights some of their astounding addresses. It introduces the world of pacifists, led by Bloch, Stead, and Von Suttner, who gravitated in great numbers to the hotels of repute at the luxury seashore resort. In a wealth of anecdotes distilled from diaries, memoirs and magazines, this jubilee book pictures in detail the social entourage of royal receptions, public dinners and cultural excursions. Illustrated with scores of pictures, it sketches The Hague of the Belle Epoque, the world of Mesdog and Couperus. Based on primary sources and in-depth research, this commemorative publication provides a multi-disciplined approach to a pivotal diplomatic venue, a sweeping legal debate, and a social event.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Eyffinger, A.C.G.M., The International Court of Justice, 1946-1996, The Hague, Kluwer Law International, 1996.The International Court of Justice, one of the five main organs of the United Nations, and its principal judicial organ, is situated, far from UN Headquarters, in the relative aloofness of the Hague Peace Palace, Andrew Carnegie’s gift to the world’s peace ideal. This publication is launched on the occasion of the Court’s golden jubilee. In 12 chapters, with a foreword by His Excellency Mohammed Bedjaoui, President of the International Court of Justice, and with a wealth of illustrations, photographed by Bert and Lilian Mellink, it reviews the idea of the pacific settlement of disputes through the ages, culminating in the Hague Peace Conferences. It then deals with the genesis of the Court, from the days of its predecessor in the inter-war period and with the law and procedure of the International Court of Justice and its various legal and cultural components. Statistics, biographies of all the Judges and a full bibliography conclude this monumental tribute to a worldwide and time-honoured ideal.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Eyffinger, A.C.G.M., The Peace Palace: Residence for Justice, Domicile of Learning, The Hague, Carnegie Foundation, 1988.
Comprehensive study from the early days of the Hague Peace Conferences of 1899 and 1907, through the building years of the Peace Palace, to the actual functioning of the various institutions that are housed in the grounds. A book that may serve as a well-deserved homage to peace-makers and as reference work to modern man, recording the story of idealism and disillusionment, of expectations wrenched from failure – in short, of man’s struggle for progress. The book tells the story of an epoch, highlighting the ideals of artists as reflected in wall-pannellings, mosaics and the charms of the park. The author, Arthur Eyffinger, was deputy director of the Peace Palace Library from 1985-1988. Since spring 1988 he was librarian of the International Court of Justice.View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
Building a 'Temple for Peace': the Choice of the Site
The Treaty for the Pacific Settlement of International Disputes, concluded on 29 July 1899, determined that the newly created Permanent Court of Arbitration was to be established at The Hague. As Andrew Carnegie’s gift of 1903 was meant primarily for the erection of a new and appealing court house and library to serve its arbiters, there could be no argument, as to where this ‘Temple for Peace’ was to be built. It should be at The Hague. But where in The Hague precisely was quite another thing.Read more
Running for Peace, what a Great Idea!
On Saturday the 21st of September, another important chapter was added to the festivities surrounding the 100th anniversary of the Peace Palace. In the afternoon the ‘Vredesloop’ took center stage. This one-time running event, organized by the local Haag Atletiek club, the Like2run organization and the municipality of The Hague, was inspired by Peace One Day, the non-profit organization founded by filmmaker Jeremy Gilley.Read more
Peace One Day Celebration Concert
To celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Peace Palace, the world famous Peace One Day Celebration Concert is held in the garden of the Peace Palace this year. On 21 September, the UN International Day of Peace, Peace One Day closes a series of concerts with performances by Natasha Bedingfield, DJ Paul van Dyk, the Brazilian legend Carlinhos Brown, Spanish superstar Miguel Bose, the BRIT award winning band The Feeling, English X-Factor star Jahmene Douglas, the Hague band Kane and many more international artists who selflessly contribute.Read more
Peace One Day Celebration Trailer 2013 with Actor Jude Law
Peace One Day has been asked to bring its 2013 Celebration to The Hague to mark the first hundred years of the Peace Palace. This historic concert in front of the Peace Palace in The Hague will form part of the 24-hour Global Broadcast on Peace Day Saturday 21 September 2013. The concert is presented by actor Jude Law and there are performances by various international artists.Read more
S’G, the Device for the Design of the Peace Palace: a Mystery solved after 100 Years!
The design of the Peace Palace by the French architect Louis M. Cordonnier (1854-1940) was the prize-winning design of the international architectural competition. His drawings enclosed a motto “S’G”, an abbreviation of which the meaning was unknown for many years. A blog by Lonneke Pruijssers, graduate student History of Architecture at the VU University, Amsterdam, and part time employee at the Peace Palace Visitors Centre.Read more
A Moment Back In Time: Video Footage of the Official Opening in 1913 and the Events of that Historical Day
When the Peace Palace opened its doors on August 28, 1913, the openings ceremony was attended by approximately 500 guests from different corners of the world. Have you ever been curious to find out who was there that day, what they wore, what music was played during the ceremony? We will take a close look at the events on that historical day and share with you the amazing footage of some of the most prominent guests in attendance.Read more
The Building of Peace: A Hundred Years of Work on Peace through Law: the Peace Palace 1913-2013
The Carnegie Foundation, the owner and keeper of the Peace Palace, has taken the initiative to publish a book to mark the Centenary of the Peace Palace. This book, aimed at the general public, reflects on the role the Peace Palace has played in the history of war and peace in the 20th Century. It also portrays the occupants of the Peace Palace in 2013.Read more
Centennial Celebration: Peace Palace 100 Years Today!
The official commemoration ceremony of the Peace Palace Centennial will take place this morning. On this very day, it will be exactly 100 years ago that the Peace Palace was inaugurated with a solemn ceremony. International guests are invited to the ceremony. The commeration involves the presentation of the official book ’100 Years Peace Palace’ about the present role and significance of the Peace Palace. Afterwards a buste of the pacifiste Bertha von Suttner will be unveiled in the main hall of the Peace Palace.Read more
Centennial Celebration: Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony
The Hague will celebrate the hundredth birthday of its Peace Palace in style. What composition could be more appropriate than Beethoven’s Ninth Symphony? Its world-famous ‘Alle Menschen werden Brüder’ expresses the universal message of peace and harmony in Schiller’s poem ‘Ode to Joy’. The composer and committed pacifist Benjamin Britten, born a hundred years ago, will be remembered in a moving work by Arvo Pärt.Read more
The Hague Academy of International Law: Celebrating 90 Years of Academic Excellence
On July 24, 1923, ten years after the opening of the Peace Palace, the Hague Academy of International Law was solemnly inaugurated in the Peace Palace ‘to teach subjects which are most important from the point of view of theory, practice, legislation and international jurisprudence, in particular from deliberations of conferences and arbitral awards’ (Art. 3 of its statute adopted in 1914).Read more
Bertha von Suttner: First Woman to win a Nobel Peace Prize in 1905
On August 28, we will celebrate the 100th anniversary of The Peace Palace. In the context of our anniversary, it is time to reflect and salute those who, a hundred years ago, worked tirelessly to help the Peace Palace come into existence. One of these people is author and peace activist Bertha von Suttner. Does her name ring any bells? If it doesn’t than this is the right moment to learn about the remarkable life of a women who played a special role in the history of the Peace Palace and who went on to become the first women in history to win a Nobel Peace Prize in 1905.Read more
Building a ‘Temple for Peace’: Inspired Advocates and a Philanthropist
Shortly after the 1899 Hague Peace Conference had ended, William T. Stead, a highly energetic and respected British journalist and pacifist who had followed the peace conference as an observer, and Andrew D. White, the American head of delegation and ambassador in Germany, convinced the Scottish-born American steel magnate and philanthropist Andrew Carnegie to finance the ‘Temple for Peace’ that was to become the Peace Palace in The Hague.Read more
Building a ‘Temple for Peace’: the 1899 Hague Peace Conference
This year, the Peace Palace, will celebrate its 100-year Anniversary. As official celebrations will commence in August, the Peace Palace Library starts with a series of library blogs in retrospect. The foundation of the Peace Palace in 1913 marked a pivotal point between two centuries. At the end of the 19th century, the idea of world peace was blooming as never before. At the dawn of the 20th century however, expectations had toned down considerably.Read more
Ban Ki-moon congratulates The Hague on the 100-year Anniversary of the Peace Palace
United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has congratulated the city of The Hague and the Government of The Netherlands on the 100-year anniversary of the Peace Palace. The Secretary-General conveyed his sentiments in a video message aired during The Hague’s New Year’s reception on 2 January. In the video Ban Ki-moon stressed that the city is recognised worldwide as a beacon for international law.Read more
Doves, Swords, Scales and …
Doves, scales, olive branches, swords and many ladies justice in paintings, sculptures, tiles and panels adorn the halls of the Peace Palace. These symbols of peace emphasize the essence of the foundation of the building and the institutions it houses. A very fine example is the painting by Albert Besnard (1849-1934): La Paix et la Justice, 1914.Read more
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