International Peace and Security

Introduction

International Peace and Security - Research Guide International Law

Nowadays many international or regional organizations are involved in peacemaking, peace-enforcing and peacekeeping activities: United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, African Union, European Union, etc. In fact, they send multinational forces to the various conflict areas. While the expression ‘collective security’ does not occur in the United Nations Charter, it is often used to refer to the system for the maintenance of international peace and security under the UN Charter and the corresponding provisions of regional organizations. According to the UN Charter the United Nations have the primary responsilibility ‘[t]o maintain international peace and security, and to that end: to take effective collective measures for the prevention and removal of threats to the peace, and for the suppression of acts of aggression or other breaches of the peace…’ (Art. 1 (1) UN Charter). If it determines, in accordance with Art. 39 UN Charter, the existence of a threat to the peace, breach of the peace, or act of aggression, the UN Security Council may make recommendations, or decide what measures shall be taken by members of the UN to maintain or restore international peace and security.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research in the field of International Peace and Security. It provides the basic materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s classification index codes 41. International police and  179. International Peace and Security and subject heading (keyword) International Peace and Security are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Leading articles

Documents

Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

New titles


1. Water and post-conflict peacebuilding
Water and post-conflict peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge, 2013. - XVIII, 525 pages. : illustrations. ; 24 cm With references, notes and index. - 2013
Keywords: Water management, Water, Natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

2. Northern security and global politics
Northern security and global politics : Nordic-Baltic strategic influence in a post-unipolar world / edited by Ann-Sofie Dahl, Pauli Järvenpää. - Londen [etc.] : Routledge, 2014. - XVI, 194 p. : tab., fig. ; 24 cm. - (Routledge global security studies) Bibliogr.: p. 170-186. - Met lit. opg. - Index. - 2014
Keywords: Scandinavia, Baltic states, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Regional security, International politics,

3. Africa and the responsibility to protect
Africa and the responsibility to protect : article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2014. - XVIII, 392 pages. ; 24 cm Bibliography: page 353-377. - With notes and index. - 2014
Keywords: Africa, African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect,

4. NATO's balancing act
NATO's balancing act / David S. Yost. - Washington, D.C. : United States Institute of Peace Press, 2014. - XV, 404 pages. ; 23 cm Introduction : NATO's post-cold war transformation -- Collective defense and the evolving security environment -- Deterrence and defense posture -- Crisis management in the Balkans and Afghanistan -- Crisis management elsewhere -- Cooperative security and partnerships -- International organizations and the "comprehensive approach" -- NATO enlargement -- Arms control, nonproliferation and disarmament -- Constraints and prospects. - Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2014
Keywords: North Atlantic Treaty Organization, Military policy, International peace and security, Conflict management, Intervention, Partnerships, Arms control,

5. Writing to think
Writing to think : the intellectual journey of a naval career / Robert C. Rubel. - Newport, Rhode Island : Naval War College Press, 2014. - VI, 245 pages. : illustrations. ; 23 cm. - (Newport papers, ISSN 1544-6824 ; 41) With notes. - 2014
Keywords: United States of America, Navy, Naval warfare, Strategy, Military art and science,

6. China's exports of small arms and light weapons
China's exports of small arms and light weapons / Mark Bromley, Mathieu Duchâtel and Paul Holtom. - Solna, Sweden : Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), 2013. - VII, 56 pages. ; 25 cm. - (SIPRI policy paper, ISSN 1652-0432 ; 38) With notes. - 2013
Keywords: China, Arms industry, Exportation and importation, Arms, Arms trade, Foreign policy, International relations,

7. Africa and the global market in natural uranium
Africa and the global market in natural uranium : from proliferation risk to non-proliferation opportunity / Ian Anthony and Lina Grip. - Solna, Sweden : Stockholm International Peace Research Institute (SIPRI), 2013. - VI, 52 pages. ; 25 cm. - (SIPRI policy paper, ISSN 1652-0432 ; 39) With notes. - 2013
Keywords: Africa, Uranium, Proliferation, Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (London, Moscow, Washington, D.C., 1 July 1968), International Atomic Energy Agency,

8. Victimisation During and After War
Victimisation During and After War : Empirical Findings from Bosnia / Stephan Parmentier and Elmar G.M. Weitekamp. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 149-169 In: Towards a Victimology of State Crime / edited by Dawn L. Rothe and David Kauzlarich, ISBN 9780415639002: (2014), Page 149-169. - 2014
Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Yugoslav wars (1989-1999), War victims, Jus post Bellum, Transitional justice, Statistics,

9. The Victims of the Colombian Conflict and Restorative Justice
The Victims of the Colombian Conflict and Restorative Justice / Isabella Bueno. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 191-211 In: Towards a Victimology of State Crime / edited by Dawn L. Rothe and David Kauzlarich, ISBN 9780415639002: (2014), Page 191-211. - 2014
Keywords: Colombia, Civil wars, Victims, Restorative justice, Transitional justice,

10. Controlling State Crime and the Possibility of Creating More Victims
Controlling State Crime and the Possibility of Creating More Victims / Jeffrey Ian Ross and Peter Grabosky. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 225-237 In: Towards a Victimology of State Crime / edited by Dawn L. Rothe and David Kauzlarich, ISBN 9780415639002: (2014), Page 225-237. - 2014
Keywords: State crimes, Intervention, Economic sanctions, Victims,

11. Shoring Up Peace: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding
Shoring Up Peace: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / Jessica Troell and Erika Weinthal. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 1-23 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 1-23. - 2013
Keywords: Water management, Water, Natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

12. The Role of Informal Service Providers in Post-Conflict Reconstruction and State Building
The Role of Informal Service Providers in Post-Conflict Reconstruction and State Building / Jeremy Allouche. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 31-42 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 31-42. - 2013
Keywords: Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction, State-building,

13. Conflict and Collaboration for Water Resources in Angola's Post-War Cities
Conflict and Collaboration for Water Resources in Angola's Post-War Cities / Allan Cain. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 63-83 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 63-83. - 2013
Keywords: Angola, Water management, Water, Natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

14. Thirsty for Peace: the Water Sector in South Sudan
Thirsty for Peace: the Water Sector in South Sudan / Sam Huston. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 85-94 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 85-94. - 2013
Keywords: South Sudan, Water management, Water, Natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

15. Community Water Management: Experiences from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Afghanistan, and Liberia
Community Water Management: Experiences from the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Afghanistan, and Liberia / Murray Burt and Bilha Joy Keiru. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 95-115 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 95-115. - 2013
Keywords: Congo (Kinshasa), Afghanistan, Liberia, Water management, Water, Natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

16. Environmental Management of the Iraqi Marshlands in the Post-Conflict Period
Environmental Management of the Iraqi Marshlands in the Post-Conflict Period / Chizuru Aoki, Ali Al-Lami and Sivapragasam Kugaprasatham. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 117-136 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 117-136. - 2013
Keywords: Iraq, Wetlands, Water management, Water, Natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

17. Irrigation Management and Flood Control in Post-World War II Japan
Irrigation Management and Flood Control in Post-World War II Japan / Mikiko Sugiura, Yuka Toguchi, and Mona Funiciello. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 141-162 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 141-162. - 2013
Keywords: Japan, Irrigation, Floods, Water management, Water, Natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

18. Refugee Rehabilitation and Transboundary Cooperation: India, Pakistan, and the Indus River System
Refugee Rehabilitation and Transboundary Cooperation: India, Pakistan, and the Indus River System / Neda A. Zawahri. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 163-188 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 163-188. - 2013
Keywords: India, Pakistan, Indus River, International watercourses, Drainage basins, Water management, Water, Shared natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

19. Despite the Best Intentions?
Despite the Best Intentions? : Experiences with Water Resource Management in Northern Afghanistan / Jennifer McCarthy and Daanish Mustafa. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 189-209 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 189-209. - 2013
Keywords: Afghanistan, Water management, Water, Natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

20. Water's Role in Measuring Security and Stability in Helmand Province, Afghanistan
Water's Role in Measuring Security and Stability in Helmand Province, Afghanistan / Laura Jean Palmer-Moloney. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 211-235 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 211-235. - 2013
Keywords: Afghanistan, Water management, Water, Natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

21. The Jordan River Basin: a Conflict Like No Other
The Jordan River Basin: a Conflict Like No Other / Munther J. Haddadin. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 243-263 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 243-263. - 2013
Keywords: Jordan River, Arab-Israeli conflict, International watercourses, Drainage basins, Water management, Water, Shared natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

22. Transboundary Cooperation in the Lower Jordan River Basin
Transboundary Cooperation in the Lower Jordan River Basin / Munqeth Mehyar, Nader Al Khateeb, Gidon bromberg, and Elizabeth Koch-Ya'ari. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 265-270 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 265-270. - 2013
Keywords: Jordan River, Arab-Israeli conflict, International watercourses, Drainage basins, Water management, Water, Shared natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction, International co-operation,

23. The Sava River: Transitioning to Peace in the Former Yugoslavia
The Sava River: Transitioning to Peace in the Former Yugoslavia / Amar Čolakhodžić, Marija Filipović, Jana Kovandžić, and Stephen Stec. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 271-296 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 271-296. - 2013
Keywords: Slovenia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia, International watercourses, Drainage basins, Water management, Water, Shared natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

24. Transnational Cooperation over Shared Water Resources in the South Caucasus: Reflections on USAID Interventions
Transnational Cooperation over Shared Water Resources in the South Caucasus: Reflections on USAID Interventions / Marina Vardanyan and Richard Volk. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 297-304 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 297-304. - 2013
Keywords: Caucasus, International watercourses, Drainage basins, Water management, Water, Shared natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction, International co-operation,

25. Water Security and Scarcity: Potential Destabilization in Western Afghanistan and Iranian Sistan and Baluchestan Due to Transboundary Water Conflicts
Water Security and Scarcity: Potential Destabilization in Western Afghanistan and Iranian Sistan and Baluchestan Due to Transboundary Water Conflicts / Alex Dehgan, Laura Jean Palmer-Moloney, and Mehdi Mirzaee. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 305-326 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 305-326. - 2013
Keywords: Afghanistan, Iran, International watercourses, Drainage basins, Water management, Water, Shared natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

26. Water Resources in the Sudan North-South Peace Process and the Ramifications of the Secession of South Sudan
Water Resources in the Sudan North-South Peace Process and the Ramifications of the Secession of South Sudan / Salman M.A. Salman. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 327-355 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 327-355. - 2013
Keywords: Sudan, South Sudan, International watercourses, Drainage basins, Water management, Water, Shared natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction, Peace process,

27. Management of Waters in Post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina: Policy, Legal, and Institutional Aspects
Management of Waters in Post-Dayton Bosnia and Herzegovina: Policy, Legal, and Institutional Aspects / Slavko Bogdanovic. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 361-381 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 361-381. - 2013
Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Water management, Water, Shared natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

28. The Right to Water and Sanitation in Post-Conflict Legal Mechanisms: an Emerging Regime?
The Right to Water and Sanitation in Post-Conflict Legal Mechanisms: an Emerging Regime? / Mara Tignino. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 383-402 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 383-402. - 2013
Keywords: Water management, Water, Natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction, Human rights,

29. Harnessing Water Management for More Effective Peacebuilding: Lessons Learned
Harnessing Water Management for More Effective Peacebuilding: Lessons Learned / Jessica Troell and Erika Weinthal. - Abingdon : Earthscan from Routledge. - Page 405-469 In: Water and Post-Conflict Peacebuilding / edited by Erika Weinthal, Jessica Troell, and Mikiyasu Nakayama, ISBN 9781849712323: (2013), Page 405-469. - 2013
Keywords: Water management, Water, Natural resources, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

30. Controlling the Arms Trade: One Important Stride for Humankind
Controlling the Arms Trade: One Important Stride for Humankind / Barry Kellman In: Fordham International Law Journal = ISSN 0747-9395: vol. 37, issue 3, page 687-731. - 2014
Keywords: United States of America, Arms trade, Arms control, Conventional weapons,

31. I Spy With My Not So Little Eye: A Comparison of Surveillance Law in the United States and New Zealand
I Spy With My Not So Little Eye: A Comparison of Surveillance Law in the United States and New Zealand / Valerie Redmond In: Fordham International Law Journal = ISSN 0747-9395: vol. 37, issue 3, page 733-775. - 2014
Keywords: United States of America, New Zealand, Surveillance operations, Secret services, National security, Privacy, Constitutional law, Human rights,

32. Der Kosovo-Krieg als Beispiel humanitärer Intervention
Der Kosovo-Krieg als Beispiel humanitärer Intervention / Rafael Biermann. - Göttingen : Wallstein Verlag. - Page 219-231 In: Toward a New Moral World Order? : Menschenrechtspolitik und Völkerrecht seit 1945 / Herausgegeben von Norbert Frei und Annette Weinke, ISBN 9783835313057: (2013), Page 219-231. - 2013
Keywords: Kosovo, Humanitarian intervention, Yugoslav wars (1989-1999), United Nations, Charter of the United Nations (San Francisco, 26 June 1945), Security Council, Resolutions, North Atlantic Treaty Organization,

33. Las relaciones entre las Naciones Unidas y la Unión Europea en materia de mantenimiento de la paz y seguridad internacionales
Las relaciones entre las Naciones Unidas y la Unión Europea en materia de mantenimiento de la paz y seguridad internacionales / Romualdo Bermejo García. - Madrid : Editorial Tecnos. - Page 145-186 In: Las relaciones entre las Naciones Unidas y la Unión Europea: seguridad, cooperación y derechos humanos / Antonio Blanc Altemir (Dir.) ; autores: Eugenia López-Jacoíste Díaz, Juan Manuel de Faramiñán Gilbert y otros, ISBN 9788430958566: (2013), Page 145-186. - 2013
Keywords: Peacekeeping, International peace and security, United Nations, European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Community law, North Atlantic Treaty Organization,

34. Algunas consideraciones sobre la contribución de la Unión Europea al mantenimiento de la paz y de la seguridad internacionales
Algunas consideraciones sobre la contribución de la Unión Europea al mantenimiento de la paz y de la seguridad internacionales / Alberto A. Herrero de la Fuente. - Madrid : Editorial Tecnos. - Page 240-271 In: Las relaciones entre las Naciones Unidas y la Unión Europea: seguridad, cooperación y derechos humanos / Antonio Blanc Altemir (Dir.) ; autores: Eugenia López-Jacoíste Díaz, Juan Manuel de Faramiñán Gilbert y otros, ISBN 9788430958566: (2013), Page 240-271. - 2013
Keywords: European Union, Common foreign and security policy, International peace and security, Conflict management, Community law, Community law and international law, United Nations, Peacekeeping,

35. La interacción Naciones Unidas-Unión Europea frente a las crisis humanitarias (reflexiones a la luz del asunto libio)
La interacción Naciones Unidas-Unión Europea frente a las crisis humanitarias (reflexiones a la luz del asunto libio) / María José Cervell Hortal. - Madrid : Editorial Tecnos. - Page 371-396 In: Las relaciones entre las Naciones Unidas y la Unión Europea: seguridad, cooperación y derechos humanos / Antonio Blanc Altemir (Dir.) ; autores: Eugenia López-Jacoíste Díaz, Juan Manuel de Faramiñán Gilbert y otros, ISBN 9788430958566: (2013), Page 371-396. - 2013
Keywords: Libya, European Union, United Nations, International co-operation, Humanitarian assistance, Common foreign and security policy, Peacekeeping,

36. The Rationale for Article 4(h)
The Rationale for Article 4(h) / Dan Kuwali. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 13-24 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 13-24. - 2014
Keywords: Africa, African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect,

37. The Meaning of "Intervention" under Article 4(h)
The Meaning of "Intervention" under Article 4(h) / Dan Kuwali. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 25-37 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 25-37. - 2014
Keywords: Africa, African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect, Sovereignty,

38. Calibrating the Conceptual Contours of Article 4(h)
Calibrating the Conceptual Contours of Article 4(h) / Ademola Abass. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 38-53 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 38-53. - 2014
Keywords: United Nations, Security Council, African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect,

39. The Role of the United Nations Security Council in the Implementation of Article 4(h)
The Role of the United Nations Security Council in the Implementation of Article 4(h) / Martin Kunschak. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 54-68 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 54-68. - 2014
Keywords: United Nations, Security Council, African Union, Intervention, Autorisation,

40. International Crimes That Trigger Article 4(h) Intervention
International Crimes That Trigger Article 4(h) Intervention / Chacha Bhoke Murungu. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 69-81 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 69-81. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Intervention, International crimes,

41. Ethical Perspectives on Interpreting and Implementing Article 4(h)
Ethical Perspectives on Interpreting and Implementing Article 4(h) / Brian D. Lepard. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 82-96 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 82-96. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Intervention, Implementation, Ethics,

42. Article 4(h) and the Citizen's Right to Be Protected
Article 4(h) and the Citizen's Right to Be Protected / Jan F. Mutton. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 97-108 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 97-108. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect, Civilian population,

43. Article 4(h) Intervention: Problems and Prospects
Article 4(h) Intervention: Problems and Prospects / Francis Kofi Abiew. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 109-126 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 109-126. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect, Ability,

44. Article 4(h): a Supranational Perspective
Article 4(h): a Supranational Perspective / Babatunde Fagbayibo. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 129-138 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 129-138. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect, Regional security, Regionalism,

45. The Role of the African Peace and Security Architecture in the Implementation of Article 4(h)
The Role of the African Peace and Security Architecture in the Implementation of Article 4(h) / Tim Murithi. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 139-151 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 139-151. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect, Regional security, Implementation,

46. The Role of the African Union Continental Early Warning System in Preventing Mass Atrocities
The Role of the African Union Continental Early Warning System in Preventing Mass Atrocities / John-Mark Iyi. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 152-172 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 152-172. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Atrocities, Prevention, Regional security,

47. The Role of the African Standby Force in Implementing Article 4(h)
The Role of the African Standby Force in Implementing Article 4(h) / Charles T. Hunt. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 173-192 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 173-192. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect, Implementation, Military policy, Regional security,

48. The Role of African Human Rights System in the Operationalisation of Article 4(h)
The Role of African Human Rights System in the Operationalisation of Article 4(h) / Solomon A. Dersso. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 195-206 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 195-206. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, African Court on Human and People's Rights, African Commission on Human and Peoples' Rights, Intervention, Human rights, Prevention, Regional security,

49. The Role of the African Peer Review Mechanism in Preventing Mass Atrocities
The Role of the African Peer Review Mechanism in Preventing Mass Atrocities / Thembani Mbadlanyana. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 207-225 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 207-225. - 2014
Keywords: Africa, African Union, New Partnership for Africa's Development, Review, Atrocities, Conflict prevention, Regional security,

50. Beyond Article 4(h): Enhancing the State's Capacity to Protect
Beyond Article 4(h): Enhancing the State's Capacity to Protect / Rachel Gerber. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 226-240 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 226-240. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect, Governance, Review, Atrocities, Prevention,

51. The Role of Special Procedures and Other Measures of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Preventing Mass Atrocities in Africa
The Role of Special Procedures and Other Measures of the United Nations Human Rights Council in Preventing Mass Atrocities in Africa / Christine Evans and Jane Connors. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 241-248 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 241-248. - 2014
Keywords: Africa, United Nations Human Rights Council, Atrocities, Prevention, International procedure,

52. Drawing Lessons from ECOWAS in the Implementation of Article 4(h)
Drawing Lessons from ECOWAS in the Implementation of Article 4(h) / Bright Nkrumah and Frans Viljoen. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 251-264 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 251-264. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Economic Community of West African States, Regional security, Intervention, Human security, Conflict prevention,

53. Multilateral Intervention: the AMISOM Experience
Multilateral Intervention: the AMISOM Experience / Fred Mugisha and Gilbert Mittawa. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 265-277 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 265-277. - 2014
Keywords: Somalia, African Union, Intervention, Human security,

54. Article 4(h): Translating Political Commitment into Collective Action
Article 4(h): Translating Political Commitment into Collective Action / Frank Okyere, Kwesi Aning and Susan Nelson. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 278-287 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 278-287. - 2014
Keywords: Africa, African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect,

55. Mobilising Political Will for Article 4(h) Intervention
Mobilising Political Will for Article 4(h) Intervention / Madalitso Z. Phiri and Blaise G. Saenda. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 288-299 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 288-299. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Member states, Intervention, Responsibility to protect, Implementation, Civil society,

56. Article 4(h): Generating the Capability to Protect Populations from Mass Atrocities in Africa
Article 4(h): Generating the Capability to Protect Populations from Mass Atrocities in Africa / Henry L. Odillo. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 300-311 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 300-311. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Atrocities, Intervention, Military policy, Ability,

57. Ensuring Responsibility While Implementing under Article 4(h) Intervention
Ensuring Responsibility While Implementing under Article 4(h) Intervention / Noel M. Morada. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 312-324 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 312-324. - 2014
Keywords: African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect, Implementation, Principles,

58. Supporting African Solutions to African Problems - IBSA and the Implementation of Article 4(h)
Supporting African Solutions to African Problems - IBSA and the Implementation of Article 4(h) / Naomi Kikoler. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Page 325-337 In: Africa and the Responsibility to Protect : Article 4(h) of the African Union Constitutive Act / edited by Dan Kuwali and Frans Viljoen, ISBN 9780415722315: (2014), Page 325-337. - 2014
Keywords: South Africa, African Union, Intervention, Responsibility to protect, Implementation,

59. The Responsibility to Protect and Northeast Asia: the Case of North Korea
The Responsibility to Protect and Northeast Asia: the Case of North Korea / Boris Kondoch. - Farnham ; Burlington, VT : Ashgate. - Page 33-50 In: Post-conflict Development in East Asia / edited by Brendan M. Howe, ISBN 9781409469414: (2014), Page 33-50. - 2014
Keywords: North Korea, Northeast Asia, Responsibility to protect, Human rights, International relations,

60. Waiting for Kant: Devaluing and Delegitimizing Nuclear Weapons
Waiting for Kant: Devaluing and Delegitimizing Nuclear Weapons / Nick Ritchie In: International Affairs = ISSN 0020-5850: vol. 90, issue 3, page 601-623. - 2014
Keywords: Nuclear weapons, Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (London, Moscow, Washington, D.C., 1 July 1968), Proliferation, Deterrence, Cold war, International politics, International peace and security,

61. The OSCE and the Moldova-Transdniestria Conflict: Lessons in Mediation and Conflict Management
The OSCE and the Moldova-Transdniestria Conflict: Lessons in Mediation and Conflict Management / William H. Hill In: Helsinki Monitor Security and Human Rights = ISSN 1875-0230: vol. 24, issue 3-4, page 287-297. - 2014
Keywords: Moldova, Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe, Conflict management, International mediation,

62. State, Criminality and Security in Central Asia: What Do Eurasian Regional Organizations Contribute to Security and Peace?
State, Criminality and Security in Central Asia: What Do Eurasian Regional Organizations Contribute to Security and Peace? / Anna Kreikemeyer In: Helsinki Monitor Security and Human Rights = ISSN 1875-0230: vol. 24, issue 2, page 169-181. - 2013
Keywords: Central Asia, Shanghai Cooperation Organization, Collective security, Security policy, Foreign policy,

Librarian's choice

These publications are selected for you by .

  • Stahn, C. and Melber, H. (eds.) Peace Diplomacy, Global Justice and International Agency : Rethinking Human Security and Ethics in the Spirit of Dag Hammarskjöld, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Stahn, C. and Melber, H. (eds.) Peace Diplomacy, Global Justice and International Agency : Rethinking Human Security and Ethics in the Spirit of Dag Hammarskjöld, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    As UN Secretary-General, Dag Hammarskjold shaped many of the fundamental principles and practices of international organisations, such as preventive diplomacy, the ethics of international civil service, impartiality and neutrality. He was also at the heart of the constitutional foundations and principles of the UN. This tribute and critical review of Hammarskjold’s values and legacy examines his approach towards international civil service, agency and value-based leadership, investigates his vision of internationalism and explores his achievements and failures as Secretary-General. It draws on specific conflict situations and strategies such as Suez and the Congo for lessons that can benefit contemporary conflict resolution and modern concepts such as human security and R2P. It also reflects on ways in which actors such as international courts, tribunals and the EU can benefit from Hammarskjold’s principles and experiences in the fields of peace and security and international justice.

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  • Dannreuther, R., International Security: the Contemporary Agenda, Cambridge, Polity, 2013.

    Dannreuther, R., International Security : the Contemporary Agenda, Cambridge, Polity, 2013.

    International Security is a cutting-edge analysis of the key security challenges and developments in the post-Cold War world. Drawing on a wide range of contemporary examples, from the Iraq war to the rise of China, it is an essential guide for students and policy makers seeking to understand the theoretical and empirical debates over the fast-changing nature of international security today.

    The book is organized into four main parts. Part 1 provides an analytical framework for the book, identifying the most significant post-Cold War shifts in international security and recent theoretical developments in security studies. Part 2 analyses the root causes for contemporary warfare, the dilemmas and debates over military intervention, and the role played by the UN, NATO and other organizations in maintaining international peace and security. Part 3 assesses the challenges of environmental security, including the threat of resource-based conflict, most notably over oil and water, and the perceived security challenges of international migration. Part 4 discusses the new security challenges posed by international terrorism, the proliferation of weapons of mass destruction, and cyber warfare. It explores the strategies and policies adopted by the United States, particularly in the aftermath of 9/11 and assesses the implications of the rise of China and other emerging powers.

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  • Neri, K., L'emploi de la force en mer, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2013.

    Neri, K., L'emploi de la force en mer, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2013.

    Le droit international contemporain se trouve face à un défi majeur : assurer la sécurité et la liberté des espaces maritimes, alors que l’on y observe une recrudescence des activités illicites ou dangereuses. L’étude s’inscrit dans le cadre de ce défi et tente de cerner la problématique de l’emploi de la force en mer afin de lutter contre ces activités. Dans le contexte du développement et de la mise en oeuvre de pouvoirs de police dans les zones maritimes, l’ouvrage démontre l’ambivalence de la police internationale relative à la mer. Il est caractérisé par une double juxtaposition entre l’objet de l’emploi de la force en mer (activités illicites de personnes privées ou actes illicites des états) et entre les acteurs chargés de lutter contre l’illicite en mer.

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  • Matlary, J.H. and Petersson, M. (eds.), NATO's European Allies: Military Capability and Political Will, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

    Matlary, J.H. and Petersson, M. (eds.), NATO's European Allies: Military Capability and Political Will, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

    This edited collection asks whether Europe, in a current situation of economic austerity and postmodern political values, can play a key role in regional and global security and defence. Hitherto Europeans have been called upon to rise to the occasion of matching the US with minor contributions, ranging from “showing the flag” to militarily important contributions. But when the US signals that its lead role no longer is automatic, what about the European allies? Can they and will they undertake sharp operations on their own, assuming leading roles? Which of NATO’s European allies are able militarily, and willing politically, to undertake “sharp operations” and to actually use force for the purpose of policy? This issue is of key importance for policy as well as for scholarship on NATO. In this volume, the ability and willingness to use force for political purposes amongst NATO’s European members are explored, firstly considering the important drivers for the use of force, namely history, political culture, economy and threat perceptions, and then scrutinising the use of force in eight European NATO countries: the UK, France, Germany, Spain, Poland, Hungary, Denmark and Norway.

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  • Tercinet, J., Le maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2012.

    Résolument ancré dans une approche interdisciplinaire conjuguant harmonieusement le droit du maintien de la paix et la géopolitique, l’ouvrage apporte un éclairage lumineux sur les mutations profondes qui ont affecté le maintien de la paix depuis sa création, qu’il s’agisse de la diversification de ses opérations et de ses acteurs, de la complexification grandissante des modalités de ses interventions et des nécessaires articulations entre leurs différents niveaux, onusien ou non.

    Ce recueil d’études, hommage de la communauté scientifique et des collègues et amis du professeur Josiane Tercinet, rassemble une sélection de ses publications – chroniques, études de cas et synthèses critiques – consacrées à l’analyse du maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationales. Il propose une documentation rigoureuse et constitue une contribution scientifique précieuse pour la doctrine du droit et des relations internationales touchant à la sécurité. Résolument ancré dans une approche interdisciplinaire conjuguant harmonieusement le droit du maintien de la paix et la géopolitique, l’ouvrage apporte un éclairage lumineux sur les mutations profondes qui ont affecté le maintien de la paix depuis sa création, qu’il s’agisse de la diversification de ses opérations et de ses acteurs, de la complexification grandissante des modalités de ses interventions et des nécessaires articulations entre leurs différents niveaux, onusien ou non.

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  • Kumaba Mbuta, W., L'ONU et la diplomatie des conflits: le cas de la République démocratique du Congo, Paris, Harmattan, 2012.

    Kumaba Mbuta, W., L'ONU et la diplomatie des conflits: le cas de la République démocratique du Congo, Paris, Harmattan, 2012.

    Par une approche juridico-politico-stratégique, ce livre traite d’un enjeu fondamental des relations internationales : le redéploiement des opérations de maintien de la paix de l’ONU depuis la fin de la guerre froide. Le but est d’appréhender les efforts et les difficultés de l’ONU dans sa mission de gestion et de liquidation des conflits, à travers l’exemple de la RDC.

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  • Benner, Th., Mergenthaler, S. and Rothmann, Ph., The New World of UN Peace Operations: Learning to Build Peace? Oxford, OUP, 2011.

    Benner, Th., Mergenthaler, S. and Rothmann, Ph., The New World of UN Peace Operations: Learning to Build Peace? Oxford, OUP, 2011.

    Peace operations are the UN’s flagship activity. Over the past decade, UN blue helmets have been dispatched to ever more challenging environments from the Congo to Timor to perform an expanding set of tasks. From protecting civilians in the midst of violent conflict to rebuilding state institutions after war, a new range of tasks has transformed the business of the blue helmets into an inherently knowledge-based venture. But all too often, the UN blue helmets, policemen, and other civilian officials have been “flying blind” in their efforts to stabilize countries ravaged by war. The UN realized the need to put knowledge, guidance and doctrine, and reflection on failures and successes at the center of the institution.

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  • Llopis, A.P., Force, ONU et organisations régionales: répartition des responsabilités en matière coercitive, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2012.

    Llopis, A.P., Force, ONU et organisations régionales: répartition des responsabilités en matière coercitive, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2012.

    L’étude se penche sur le rôle des organisations régionales dans le domaine de la coercition. L’auteur met en lumière qu’il existe deux modes de relation entre l’ONU et les organisations régionales, la déconcentration et la décentralisation. Dans certains cas l’ONU délègue aux organisations régionales l’exécution des réactions à une menace pour la paix et dans d’autres cas non.

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  • Tzanakopoulos, A., Disobeying the Security Council, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011.

    Tzanakopoulos, A., Disobeying the Security Council, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011.

    Also available as Fulltext e-book inside Peace Palace Library

    This book examines how the United Nations Security Council, in exercising its power to impose binding non-forcible measures (‘sanctions’) under Article 41 of the UN Charter, may violate international law, i.e., limits on its power imposed by the UN Charter itself and by general international law, including human rights guarantees. Such acts may engage the international responsibility of the United Nations, the organization of which the Security Council is an organ.

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  • Tshiyembe, M., Le droit de la sécurité internationale, Paris, L'Harmattan, 2011.

    Tshiyembe, M., Le droit de la sécurité internationale, Paris, L'Harmattan, 2011.

    Le droit de la sécurité internationale est une nouvelle matière introduite par la réforme, dans le cursus universitaire des Facultés de droit de la RDC. L’enjeu de cette réforme est de fournir aux bénéficiaires les clés d’analyse et de compréhension de la sécurité collective telle qu’elle fut concoctée par la charte de l’ONU en 1945, complétée par les résolutions du Conseil de sécurité et les arrêts de la Cour internationale de justice, modifiée et adaptée à la pratique des opérations du maintien de la paix.

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  • MacQueen, N., The United Nations, Peace Operations and the Cold War, Harlow, Longman/Pearson, 2011.

    MacQueen, N., The United Nations, Peace Operations and the Cold War, Harlow, Longman/Pearson, 2011.
    This is the first introduction to the United Nation’s activities during the Cold War period. It combines a history of the UN with a broader account of east-west diplomacy during the Cold War and after. Norrie MacQueen begins by looking at the formation, structure and functions of the UN. Then, within a chronological framework, he assesses its contribution to international security from the emergence of the UN’s peacekeeping role in 1945-56 right through to UN operations in the 1990s in Angola, Somalia and Bosnia.
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  • Williams, P.D., War and Conflict in Africa, Cambridge, Polity, 2011.

    Williams, P.D., War and Conflict in Africa, Cambridge, Polity, 2011.

    After the Cold War, Africa earned the dubious distinction of being the world’s most bloody continent. But how can we explain this proliferation of armed conflicts? What caused them and what were their main characteristics? And what did the world’s governments do to stop them? In addressing these and other questions, Paul Williams offers the first comparative assessment of more than two hundred armed conflicts which took place in Africa between 1990 and 2009 – from the continental catastrophe in the Democratic Republic of Congo to the environmental disaster in the Niger Delta and mass atrocities in the Sudan. Taking a broad comparative approach to examine the political contexts in which these wars occurred, he explores the key ingredients that provoked them and the major international responses undertaken to deliver lasting peace.

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Database

Blogs

  • Hague Academy Model United Nations on Drone Warfare and International Law

    Directed energy weapons, drones, self targeting bullets, mobile tactical high energy lasers, military robots, spy weapons, weapons undetectable under an x-ray scan, remote controlled insect armies, self driving tanks, robotic mules, thermal camouflage, surveillance technologies and autonomous unmanned systems are some examples of the high tech weapons and military technology that are now used during warfare. The use of this state of the art military technology raises serious ethical and legal questions: (when) is the use of drones acceptable?

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  • Interview: Dr. Christian Noack

    This month, our first time guest editor and colleague, Ms. Anna Duszczyk, invited Dr. Christian Noack from the University of Amsterdam, for an in-depth interview on the current crisis in Ukraine. Dr. Noack is an expert on Eastern European History, Media Studies and Slavonic Studies. In this interview, he will discuss his views on the current political situation in Ukraine and the role of Russia and the European Union in the crisis.

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  • Nuclear security: Dangers and Achievements

    Nuclear security is generally accepted to mean “the prevention of, detection of, and response to, criminal or intentional unauthorized acts involving or directed at nuclear material, other radioactive material, associated facilities, or associated activities”. In short it is about preventing terrorists from acquiring radioactive material or attacking nuclear facilities. Since the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, nuclear security concerns have been heightened, but how real is the danger and what are the legal instruments to combat nuclear terrorism?

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  • Themes of NSS 2014

    The Netherlands will be hosting the Nuclear Security Summit on 24 and 25 March 2014. Nuclear security involves implementing a series of pre-emptive measures to prevent internal and/or external threats directly or indirectly related to nuclear materials, radioactive sources, relevant facilities or other associated activities. Reducing the amount of dangerous nuclear material in the world, improving the security of all nuclear material and radioactive sources and improving international cooperation are the main themes of the 2014 Summit.

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  • A Justification for Russia’s Intervention?

    In the last week Russian military forces have occupied Crimea, the Ukrainian Black Sea peninsula where the majority of the population is ethnic Russian and the Russian Black Sea Fleet is deployed in the city of Sevastopol. In the Russian constitution a few articles describe circumstances where a primacy of Russian constitutional law above international law may occur. How does Russia legally justify its intervention? Guest Blog by Anna K. Duszczyk.

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  • Nuclear Security Summit 2014: Preventing Nuclear Terrorism Around the Globe

    On 24 and 25 March 2014 the Third Nuclear Security Summit will take place here in The Hague. Nuclear terrorism is one of the greatest threats to international peace and security. Even though the chance of a terrorist nuclear attack is small, the consequences would be enormous. The Nuclear Security Summit aims to enhance international cooperation in order to combat nuclear terrorist threats by preventing the illicit acquisition of nuclear material by non-state actors such as smugglers and terrorist groups.

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  • Open Season for Whistleblowers? Snowden and the right to privacy

    One of the best known whistleblowers at the moment is Edward Snowden. Snowden gave certain selected NSA documents to the Guardian and the Washington Post because “I can’t in good conscience allow the U.S. government to destroy privacy, internet freedom and basic liberties for people around the world with this massive surveillance machine they’re secretly building”.

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  • ARGO and the Follow-Up: Iran and the United States

    33 Years after the event, Hollywood has turned its attention to an episode that traumatized the United States for months: the seizure of the American Embassy in Tehran. As the US Embassy falls to a group of Islamist students and militants in support of the Iranian revolution and in retaliation for the USA’s sheltering of the recently deposed Shah, six diplomats slip out and seek sanctuary in the Canadian’s ambassador’s residence. It is up to the CIA’s Tony Mendez (Ben Affleck) to extract them from the country before they are discovered by the Revolutionary Guards. The plan? Create a fake movie, called Argo, and pretend they’re the crew.

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  • Colombia: At Last Peace with the FARC?

    Columbia’s fourth attempt at peace with the Revolutionary Forces of Colombia (FARC) started formally last month in Oslo and will continue the 15th of November in Havana, Cuba. The earlier attempts- starting in 1984, 1990 and 1998- to end one of Latin America’s longest and bloodiest armed conflict all failed. Why would the outcome of the peace talks this time be different?

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  • The Legality of Drone Attacks

    According to a recent report by Stanford and New York Universities’ law schools (Living Under Drones), the current US drone strike policy is counterproductive, has injured and killed civilians and undermines respect for international law. This blog explores briefly both the ius ad bellum and ius in bello implications of drone attacks.

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  • The Body Counts : Civilian Casualties in War

    Throughout the post Cold War period there has been a widespread view that war and armed conflict have changed radically since the First World War to the point where some 80-90% of war victims are now civilians. Many modern wars have been accompanied by significant depopulations, along with destruction of infrastructure and resources.

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  • Ivory Coast : UNOCI mandat prolonged until 30 June 2011

    At 20 December 2010 the United Nations Security Council (SC/10132) extended the mission in Cote d’Ivoire until 30 June 2011, strongly condemned attempts to usurp the will of the people and urged respect for the election outcome : Alassane Ouattara, a former prime minister, banker and leader of the opposition, has been recognized as the winner of November’s election by the United Nations, the African Union, the United States and the European Union. The incumbent president, Laurent Gbagbo has resisted repeated calls for him to cede the office.

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  • The Nobel Peace Prize 2010: Liu Xiaobo

    Foto scanpize reuters handout

    The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2010 to Liu Xiaobo for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China. The Norwegian Nobel Committee has long held the view that human rights and peace are closely linked. Human rights are essential for [...]

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  • Cyberwar: from fiction to fact

    Computers rather than missiles could pose the biggest security threat of the future with nations able to cripple rivals by using cyberwarfare. Computer strikes could damage a country’s infrastructure as well as defence equipment, cutting off communications, power supplies and military command systems. Major interference on a large scale can be generated by computer viruses. [...]

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  • Military coup in Honduras: Zelaya going for president again? No (update)

    The Organization of American States (OAS) suspended Honduras on Saturday after the Supreme Court of Honduras has rejected to reinstate President Manuel Zelaya.

    The plane was kept from landing at the main Honduras airport Sunday because the runway was blocked by groups of soldiers with military vehicles, some of them lined up against a crowd of thousands outside. His Venezuelan pilots circled around the airport and decided not to risk a crash.

    Honduran coup leaders had three days to restore deposed President Manuel Zelaya to power, the Organization of American States (OAS) said Wednesday, before Honduras risks being suspended from the group.

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  • North Korea Confirms Nuclear Test

    North Korea has conducted its second nuclear test, the country’s state news agency KCNA announced today. The nuclear test was expected. Earlier this year North Korea conducted a failed intercontinental missile test.

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  • International Conference on Afghanistan, The Hague, 31 March 2009

    On 31 March 2009, the Dutch government is hosting the ´International Conference on Afghanistan: a Comprehensive Strategy in a Regional Context´ at the World Forum in The Hague.

    Building on the achievements of previous Conferences in Bonn, London and Paris, this Conference should reaffirm the solid and long-term commitment of the international community to [...]

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  • UNHCR concerned about displaced Congolese and continuing LRA attacks

    On 13 January 2009 the U.N. refugee agency UNHCR published a news story about the humanitarian situation in the eastern part of the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). The UNHCR estimated that 537 people had been killed in LRA attacks since September in Oriental Province, which borders Uganda and South Sudan.

    On the same day, Joe Bavier of Reuters reported UN-”officials said the security and humanitarian situation in Democratic Republic of Congo’s Oriental Province had sharply deteriorated since the military operation started on December 14. Uganda, Congo and South Sudan launched the joint offensive against the Ugandan rebel Lord’s Resistance Army (LRA) in Congo’s Garamba National Park.”

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  • New Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) to be signed on December 3, 2008

    Cluster Bomb Tour Bus takes on Eastern Europe

    On Wednesday, 1st October an eight-week campaign trail through Europe was launched to convince all governments to sign a groundbreaking treaty banning cluster bombs, in Oslo on December 3, 2008. Beginning in Belgrade, Serbia and ending at the signing ceremony in Norway, the Ban Bus will rally [...]

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  • Peace and Justice!

    On Thursday, 31 July, the United Nations Security Council adopted resolution 1828 (2008) renewing the mandate of UNAMID, the UN-African Union peacekeeping mission in Darfur, for another year (resolution [PDF] and meeting record S/PV.5947 [PDF]).

    Read more
  • United Nations Sanctions Against Zimbabwe Leadership Vetoed

    A United States-led attempt to impose United Nations (UN) sanctions against Zimbabwe failed when on Friday, 11 July, China and Russia, both permanent members of the UN Security Council, voted against a draft resolution that would have instituted a travel ban and asset freeze against President Robert Mugabe and thirteen senior government/security officials in connection with the election violence in Zimbabwe.

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