The 1918 poster "Joan of Arc Saved France", by Haskell Coffin (1878-1941), was commissioned by the United States Treasury Department as part of the campaign to raise money for the First World War by having civilians buy war savings stamps. The low priced stamps were pasted into a booklet that when filled could be exchanged for a war bond.
The magnificent poster features Joan in full armor, brandishing a sword, but with 20th century embelishments like lipstick and makeup. The image includes Christian symbolism with the subtext that as Joan was doing God's work to save France in her day, so contemporary Americans should join the fight in their own time.
The use of the strong female Joan of Arc image was also motivated by the fact that women's clubs were an important channel for the bond sales program.
A selection of relevant publications from the Peace Palace Library collection
- Boghardt, T., The Zimmermann Telegram: Intelligence, Diplomacy, and America’s Entry into World War I, Annapolis, MD, Naval Institute Press, 2012.
- Fenske, H., Der Anfang vom Ende des alten Europa: die alliierte Verweigerung von Friedensgesprächen 1914-1919, München, Olzog, 2013.
- Graebner, N.A., The Versailles Treaty and its Legacy: the Failure of the Wilsonian Vision, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2011.
- Hawes, J., Englanders and Huns: How Five Decades of Enmity Led to the First World War, London, Simon and Schuster, 2014.
- Kraus, H.-C., Versailles und die Folgen: Außenpolitik zwischen Revisionismus und Verständigung, 1919-1933, Berlin, be.bra Verlag, 2013.
- Panayi, P., Prisoners of Britain: German Civilian and Combatant Internees during the First World War, Manchester, Manchester University Press, 2012.
- MacMillan, M.O., The War that Ended Peace: The Road to 1914, New York, NY, Random House, 2013.
- McMeekin, S., July 1914: Countdown to War, New York, NY, Basic Books, 2013.
- Nielson, J.M., American Historians in War and Peace: Patriotism, Diplomacy and the Paris Peace Conference, 1918-1919, Bethesda, MD, Academia Press, 2012.
- Pignot, M., Allons enfants de la patrie: génération Grande Guerre, Paris, Seuil, 2012.
- Samson, A., World War I in Africa: the Forgotten Conflict among the European Powers, London, Tauris, 2013.
- Reisser, W.J., The Black Book: Woodrow Wilson’s Secret Plan for Peace, Lanham, MD, Lexington Books, 2012.
- Wawro, G., A Mad Catastrophe: The Outbreak of World War I and the Collapse of the Habsburg Empire, New York, Basic Books, 2014.
- Wolf, S., Guarded Neutrality: Diplomacy and Internment in the Netherlands during the First World War, Leiden, Brill, 2013.
- Yanikdaǧ, Y., Healing the Nation: Prisoners of War, Medicine and Nationalism in Turkey, 1914-1939, Edinburgh, Edinburgh University Press, 2013.