As result of a series of blogs about the nature of the European Union, which he posted on the website of the Peace Palace Library, philosopher of law and library user Jaap Hoeksma is suggesting to concretize the hitherto abstract idea of transnational democracy by launching a twin definition of the new concept.

The twin definition is based upon the Theory of Democratic Integration, which Hoeksma has developed. The theory holds that, if two or more democratic States decide to share the exercise of sovereignty in a number of fields in order to attain common goals, the organisation they establish for this purpose should be democratic too. Consequently, the concept of transnational democracy should not only be approached from the traditional, Westphalian perspective of States, but also from the civic point of view.

From the angle of States, a transnational democracy may be described as a model of governance for a polity of States and citizens, in which the constituent States and the polity as such are ruled in a democratic way.

From a civic perspective, a transnational democracy constitutes a model of governance for a polity of States and citizens, in which the citizens are entitled to participate both in the national democracies of their countries and in the common democracy of the polity.

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