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  • Sports and Russian Doping: Fairness vs. the Human Right to Sport

    Library blog - July 29, 2016

    Devastating Wada reports documented systematic, state-sponsored doping in Russian athletics. It found widespread state action to hide cheating among Russian athletes in the run up to the London 2012 Olympics, as well as a comprehensive cover up of doping during the World Championships in Moscow and the Winter Olympics in Sochi a year later. The IOC decided not to impose a blanket ban on the Russian team competing in the Rio Olympic Games. What’s fair play? Which human rights are in play? What is the credibility of the Olympic Games?

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  • Brexit: Countdown to a Possible Withdrawal Procedure

    Library blog - June 16, 2016

    On June 23, the United Kingdom will vote “in” or “out” on its membership in the European Union. What is the procedure of withdrawal and the Treaty Article which governs it all if the U.K. does indeed vote for a “Brexit” from the EU? Article 50 of the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union outlines the procedural steps for a Member State wishing to withdraw from the EU. This provision was introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon (in force 1 December 2009). The treaty foresees two options in which withdrawal can occur. The first option is the conclusion of a withdrawal agreement. The second option is that no agreement is reached.

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  • Preventing Bioterrorism, Risk and Legal Instruments

    Library blog - April 28, 2016

    According to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention a bioterrorism attack is the deliberate release of viruses, bacteria, toxins or other harmful agents used to cause illness or death in people, animals, or plants. In both the popular imagination and among lawmakers and national security experts, there exists the belief that with sufficient motivation and material resources, terrorist groups can produce bioweapons easily, cheaply, and successfully. Some scholars disagree. Legal measures offer no guarantee for preventing bioterrorism, but nonetheless affect bioterrorism. What are the legal instruments addressing prevention?

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  • Migration/Refugee Crisis Recent Publications and Useful Links

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    Recent online, open access publications January 2016 Achilli, L. (et al.), The regional refugee crisis in the Middle East: causes, current challenges and perspectives, Orient, German Journal for politics, Economics and Culture of the Middle East 57(2016), No. 1.Achilli, L., Tariq al-Euroba: Displacement Trends of Syrian Asylum Seekers to the EU, MPC RR, 2016/01, Robert […]

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  • Essequibo, the Territorial Dispute between Venezuela and Guyana

    Library blog - January 8, 2016

    The Essequibo (in Spanish, Esequibo), is an undeveloped, sparsely populated but resource-rich jungle territory region, nearly sixty percent of modern Guyana, consisting of all its territory west of the Essequibo River (see map). Venezuela’s deeply rooted belief is that the Essequibo region was unjustly taken from them by meddling foreign powers. It is a matter of national integrity, made more alluring by the possible wealth of natural resources there. Guyana’s position is that they are trying to defend the land that has been part of their country for almost 200 years, land they need to help develop their country economically.

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  • Roma in Europe

    Library blog - December 11, 2015

    Cor de Vos, former mayor of Nieuwegein, representative of the Netherlands in CAHROM, the Comittee of the Council of Europe for ROMA issues talks about the policies which are needed in Europe to address the living conditions of Roma. A very big effort of all authorities on European, national and local level is needed and should be directed at lifting the miserable conditions of the Roma people at the grassroots, first of all in Central and Eastern Europe, in order to prevent an even worse scenario of riot and violence.

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  • Google Books and Fair Use

    Library blog - October 23, 2015

    On the 16th of October 2015, the United States Court of Appels for the Second Circuit made clear that Google Books is legal. The Court ruled for Google against the Authors Guild, a professional group of
    published writers which had alleged that Google Library Project and Google Books project infringed their copyrights. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the appeals Court considered four factors of the US copyright law.

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  • Mixed Migration Flows Across the Mediterranean: The EU Agenda on Migration

    Library blog - June 18, 2015

    Wars, conflict and persecution have forced more people than at any other time in history to flee their homes and seek refuge and safety elsewhere, according to UNHCR’s annual Global Trends Report: World at War, released on June 18, two days before world refugee day. One of the most recent and highly visible consequences of the world’s conflicts and the terrible suffering they cause has been the dramatic growth in the numbers of refugees seeking safety through dangerous sea journeys, including on the Mediterranean, in the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea, and in Southeast Asia.

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  • Drones and Robots as Means of Modern Warfare

    Library blog - March 26, 2015

    Several aspects of autonomous weapons systems and the deployment of drones during warfare will be discussed during the upcoming Peace and Security Salon: “Drones and Robots as means of modern warfare” which will be held at the Peace Palace Library on Thursday, the 9th of april. The use of drones as a weapons system has increased exponentially in recent years and this has given rise to a significant degree of controversy and a number of specific questions relating to their use. Questions which arise in relation to drones and autonomous weapons systems include whether they are in conformity with or potentially capable of complying with IHL requirements in conditions of contemporary warfare, issues of accountability and responsibility and ethical questions.

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  • Border Controls and Human Rights: Migration in the Central Mediterranean

    Library blog - October 10, 2014

    The Central Mediterranean has, in the last years, turned into the epicentre of human (migrant) disasters. The Central Mediterranean route refers to the migratory flow coming from Northern Africa towards Italy and Malta through the Mediterranean Sea. Here, Libya often acts as nexus point where migrants from the Horn of Africa and Western African routes meet before embarking on their journey towards the EU.

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