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  • The United Nations, the Evolution of Global Values and International Law

    Library blog - October 24, 2011

    In this blog post, a new and increasingly popular way to research the work of the United Nations (UN) is introduced. Instead of seeing the international organization as mainly a political organization, the UN is increasingly seen as a “Town Meeting of the World,” i.e. a global debating society, where ideas are discussed and developed […]

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  • The Institute for Historical Justice and Reconciliation in The Hague

    Library blog - October 24, 2011

    Unresolved historical claims can, when misunderstood or manipulated, create and reaffirm prejudice and hatred among populations, thus fueling ethnic and nationalistic violence and conflict. Therefore, in order to promote tolerance and reconciliation, there is oftentimes the need to overcome these distortions of historical reality.

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  • Territory

    Research guide

    The question of Territory has always been central to the international legal system. It constitutes the core of the definition of the State, and as such it is tied to the issue of jurisdiction and the extent of the power exercisable by the State. It is also central to the organisation of the international order, for a State-based world community requires rules by which to determine how Territory may be allocated to States and the sanctions that may be applied for violation of territorial integrity.

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  • United Nations | Research Guide International Law

    United Nations

    Research guide

    The United Nations is an international organization, founded in 1945. It was established to promote a set of global values: peace and security, self-determination of peoples, social progress and development, and human dignity. It was set up to serve as a centre for harmonizing the actions of its Member States in the promotion of these values. The Organization currently has 192 Member States. It acts mainly through its six principal organs.

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  • War and Peace | Research Guide International Law

    War and Peace

    Research guide

    War is a state of organized, armed and often prolonged conflict carried on between states, nations, or other parties typified by extreme aggression, social disruption, and usually high mortality. In addition to the existence of this organized behavior pattern amongst human primates, very similar organized warlike behavior patterns are also found in many other primate species. The set of techniques used by a group to carry out war is known as warfare. An absence of War is usually called Peace.

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  • Water - Research Guide International Law

    Water

    Research guide

    The law of international watercourses is evolving with increasing importance despite its relative youth as a subject of public international law. From times of Antiquity, when early civilizations settled along the great rivers of the world, water has played an important role in economic and social development. Apart from domestic consumption, navigation was the most important use of water, and early doctrine and State practice reflect this. Following the Industrial Revolution, competition over the non-navigational uses of international watercourses spurred the development of international water law.

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  • League of Nations - Research Guide International Law

    League of Nations

    Research guide

    The League of Nations was the forerunner of the United Nations. It was established under the Treaty of Versailles, the peace treaty that formally ended World War I. The Treaty of Versailles was signed on 28 June 1919. Part I of the Versailles Treaty, i.e. the Covenant of the League of Nations, was the constitutional document of the League. According to this constitution, the League’s purpose was “to promote international co-operation and to achieve international peace and security”.

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  • Public International Law

    Research guide

    Public International Law is perhaps best described as an authoritative language, used by States, international organizations, individuals and other participants in the international legal order to interact with each other. International law is a value-oriented jurisprudence used by policymakers and other members of the international community to make difficult choices based on shared values.

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  • History of International Law

    Research guide

    The history of international law examines the evolution and development of public international law in both state practice and conceptual understanding. Since 1913 the Library has acquired a historical legal collection representing the various periods of thinking about international law, dominated by the Spanish, French or English schools. From the 16th century: Bodin, Ayala, Vitoria, the 17th century: Grotius, Gentili, Pufendorf, Zouche, and 18th century: Bynkershoek, Wolff, Vattel, and 19th century Bluntschli.

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  • Polar Regions | Research Guide International Law

    Polar Regions

    Research guide

    This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for legal research on the Polar Regions. It covers a wide variety of topics relating to the Arctic, the Antarctic, Spitsbergen and Greenland. These include: regional and international governance issues, peace and security, dispute settlement, climate change, environmental protection, territorial claims and border disputes, law of the sea, exploration, exploitation of oil, gas and minerals, maritime navigation, and human rights issues, such as autonomy and self-determination, the rights of indigenous peoples to land and natural resources, their cultural rights and cultural heritage. As climate change has serious impact on the Polar Regions, international law has an important role to play, now and in the future.

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