Antarctique

Introduction

Polar Regions | Research Guide International Law

L'Antarctique est le cinquième continent par la taille et celui qui se trouve le plus au sud. Il est situé dans la région antarctique de l'hémisphère sud, presque entièrement au sud du cercle antarctique, et il est entouré de l'Océan Antarctique. Environ 98% de l'Antarctique est couvert par les glaces. Il n'y existe aucune population indigène, les seuls êtres humains travaillant dans quelques stations de recherche scientifique permanentes. Sept États souverains ont revendiqué des secteurs territoriaux de l'Antarctique, mais aucune de ces revendications n'a été reconnue par les autres États. En 1959 a été signé à Washington le Traité sur l'Antarctique pour faire de ce territoire une zone de paix et de coopération, et pour régler les questions relatives aux prétentions de souveraineté.  Son objet est reconnaître "qu'il est de l'intérêt de l'humanité tout entière que l'Antarctique soit à jamais réservé aux seules activités pacifiques et ne devienne ni le théâtre ni l'enjeu de différends internationaux". Ce traité est au cœur d'un ensemble de traités qui, avec les mesures prises en application du Traité sur l'Antarctique et des accords qui lui sont liés, est souvent appelé le système du Traité sur l'Antarctique.

Le présent guide de recherche se veut un point de départ pour mener des recherches juridiques relatives à l'Antarctique. Il fournit les textes de base disponible à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, qu'il s'agisse de documents imprimés ou de documents sous format électronique. La section intitulée "Bibliographie sélective" présente une sélection de manuels, d'articles importants, de bibliographies, de publications périodiques, de publications en série et de documents pertinents. Des liens permettent de rejoindre le catalogue PPL. Le code de classification de la bibliothèque 68a. Régions polaires et le mot-matière (mot-clef) Antarctique et Traité sur l'Antarctique (Washington, D.C., 1er décembre 1959) permettent d'effectuer des recherches dans le catalogue. Une attention particulière est prêtée à nos inscriptions aux bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, le présent guide de recherche contient des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne présentant un intérêt particulier.

Bibliographie

Reference works

Recent books

Leading articles

Documents

Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

Systematic classification → Polar Regions

New titles

The Peace Palace Library has a collection of over a million publications. Each week, about six hundred new titles are added to our collection: books, articles, documents, online publications, etc. On this page, access is provided to this week's new titles on the Polar Regions. It covers a wide variety of topics relating to the Arctic, the Antarctic, Spitsbergen and Greenland. These include: regional and international governance issues, peace and security, dispute settlement, climate change, environmental protection, territorial claims and border disputes, law of the sea, exploration, exploitation of oil, gas and minerals, maritime navigation, and human rights issues, such as autonomy and self-determination, the rights of indigenous peoples to land and natural resources, their cultural rights and cultural heritage.


1. Black carbon and the Arctic
Black carbon and the Arctic : Global problem-solving through thr nexus of science, law and space / Sabaa Ahmed Kahn, Kati Kulovesi In: Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law = ISSN 0962-8797: vol. 27, issue 1, page 5-14. - 2018
Keywords: Arctic, Arctic Council, Environmental pollution, Environmental protection, Climate change, Emissions, United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (New York, 9 May 1992),

2. Relationships with Arctic indigenous peoples
Relationships with Arctic indigenous peoples : to what extent has prior informed consent become a norm? / Layla Hughes In: Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law = ISSN 0962-8797: vol. 27, issue 1, page 15-27. - 2018
Keywords: Arctic, Indigenous peoples, Indigenous land rights, Human rights, Autonomy, United Nations Declaration on the Rights of Indigenous Peoples (New York, 13 September 2007), ILO Convention (No. 169) concerning Indigenous and Tribal Peoples in Independent Countries [27 June 1989],

3. Dumping and oil pollution
Dumping and oil pollution : regulatory approaches for vessel operations in an ice-free Central Arctic Ocean / Stefan Kirchner, Pirjo Kleemola-Juntunen In: Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law = ISSN 0962-8797: vol. 27, issue 1, page 28-34. - 2018
Keywords: Arctic, Southern Ocean, Dumping at sea, Oil, Pollution from vessels, Marine pollution, Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London, 29 December 1972), International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 (London, 2 November 1973),

4. Russia and the polar marine environment
Russia and the polar marine environment : the negotiation of the environmental protection measures of the mandatory Polar Code / Dorottya Bognar In: Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law = ISSN 0962-8797: vol. 27, issue 1, page 35-44. - 2018
Keywords: Arctic, Russian Federation, Southern Ocean, Marine environment protection, Marine pollution, Pollution from vessels, International Maritime Organization, International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships, 1973 (London, 2 November 1973),

5. Arctic climate governance via EU law on black carbon?
Arctic climate governance via EU law on black carbon? / Seita Romppanen In: Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law = ISSN 0962-8797: vol. 27, issue 1, page 49-54. - 2018
Keywords: Arctic, European Union, European environmental law, Directives, Environmental protection, Climate change, Emissions, Governance,

6. Will China build a green Belt and Road in the Arctic?
Will China build a green Belt and Road in the Arctic? / Nengye Liu In: Review of European, Comparative and International Environmental Law = ISSN 0962-8797: vol. 27, issue 1, page 55-62. - 2018
Keywords: Arctic, China, Environmental protection, Climate change, Carriage of goods by sea, Pollution from vessels, Foreign direct investment,

7. Keeping the Arctic White: The Legal and Governance Landscape for Reducing Short-Lived Climate Pollutants in the Arctic Region
Keeping the Arctic White: The Legal and Governance Landscape for Reducing Short-Lived Climate Pollutants in the Arctic Region / Yulia Yamineva, Kati Kulovesi In: Transnational Environmental Law = ISSN 2047-1033: vol. 7, issue 2, page 201-227. - 2018
Keywords: Arctic, Air pollution, Climate change, International environmental law,

Database

Subscription-based

  • Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Antarctica, by Silja Vöneky and Sange Addison-Agyei. The Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (MPEPIL) is a comprehensive online resource containing over 1600 peer-reviewed articles on every aspect of public international law. It has been re-designed to improve the look and feel of the site, and the search functionality. Written and edited by an incomparable team of over 800 scholars and practitioners, published in partnership with the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law, and updated throughout the year. All included articles are peer-reviewed and treat international law from a global/regional perspective. This major reference work is essential for anyone researching or teaching international law.

Free Access

  • Antarctic Treaty Database (Secretariat of the Antarctic Treaty)
    In this database you can find the text of measures adopted by the Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting (including all recommendations, measures, decisions and resolutions) from 1961 to now together with their attachments and information on their legal status. While every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of the texts in the database, only the text of the printed version of the Final Report of the ATCM is the authentic text. You can find photographic copies of the printed version under “Final Reports” below.  The data contained in this database on Parties to the Treaty and the Environment Protocol and on the approval of Recommendations and Measures derive from the official data maintained by the United States State Department as Depositary of the Antarctic Treaty.

  • Final Reports (Secretariat of the Antarctic Treaty)
    Most of Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting and Special Antarctic Treaty Consultative Meeting Final Reports are now available in .PDF format for browsing or downloading.

  • Meeting Documents (Secretariat of the Antarctic Treaty)
    This database gives access to the available material presented to the ATCM as Working Papers, Information Papers and Secretariat Papers.

  • Documentation Centre (Secretariat of the Antarctic Treaty)
    The Documentation Centre provides an online catalogue of the publications in the Secretariat´s library and a digital set of documents concerning Antarctic legislation, policy and programmes.

Blogs

  • Arctic Sovereignty: Icy Roads to the North Pole

    Canada, the US, Norway, Russia, and Denmark have been gathering scientific evidence for more than a decade in an effort to increase their continental shelf claims in the Arctic Ocean Region.The potential delimitation dispute between Canada, Russia and Denmark seems to focus on the Lomonosov Ridge. The North Pole is located about 400 nautical miles from the northernmost island of Canada, Denmark, Norway and the Russian Federation. Under international law coastal state rights over the water columns are limited to the 200 nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zone, using the state’s territorial sea baselines as starting point.

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  • The International Politics of Whaling : Recent Developments

    Whales – large, mysterious, intelligent, and endangered. Has any mammal inspired such romantic images of the sea and love for nature as much as the whale, yet aroused such controversy in global environmental conservation? King of the Seas, symbol of the environmental movement, meat and oil for commercial whaling. Over the years, large-scale commercial whaling […]

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Arctic

The Arctic Centre is a national and international hub of information and centre of excellence which conducts multidisciplinary research in changes in the Arctic region. It is located in the Arktikum House, Rovaniemi, Finland.

Antarctic

See also

More Research guides on Autres sujets

PPL keywords

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Systematic classification → Polar Regions