Droit islamique

Introduction

Islamic Law - Research Guide International Law

La Shari'a ou loi sacrée de l'Islam est la volonté de Dieu révélée au prophète Mahomet, laquelle a été ensuite transcrite dans le texte du Coran. Le Coran et la Sunna, les précédents normatifs du prophète et de ses successeurs, écrits sous la forme de Traditions (hadith) sont les deux sources principales de la Shari'a. Les juristes universitaires spécialistes de la science de la Shari'a (fiqh) ont développé des méthodologies et bâti un système juridique élaboré, en discutant de cas et en appliquant un raisonnement juridique basé sur le consensus (ijma’) et l'analogie (qiyas). Il existe quatre écoles juridiques principales : les écoles Shafi’i, Hanafi, Maliki et Hanbali.

La Shari'a décrit en détails comment un musulman doit se comporter dans tous les aspects de la vie, à savoir dans les sphères religieuse, morale et légale et représente un idéal éternellement valide auquel la société doit aspirer. Les principales zones légales abordées sont la famille, les successions, le commerce, les contrats, le droit pénal et les preuves. La justice est administrée par des juges islamiques (qadi's). Les zones du droit non couvertes par le droit islamique relève du pouvoir discrétionnaire du législateur, appelé siyasa. La double administration de la justice, l'une religieuse et l'autre profane se poursuit jusqu'à ce jour. La réception des idées politiques occidentales et la formation des États en particulier ont modifié l'environnement naturel de la Shari'a. Les théories modernes divergent quant à la possibilité d'un État islamique et à la possibilité de fonder une législation relative aux droits de l'homme sur la Shari'a.

Le présent guide de recherche se veut un point de départ pour mener des recherches en droit islamique. Il fournit les textes juridiques de base disponibles à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, qu'il s'agisse de documents imprimés ou de documents sous format électronique. La section intitulée "Bibliographie sélective" présente une sélection de manuels, d'articles importants, de bibliographies, de publications périodiques, de publications en série et de documents pertinents. Des liens permettent de rejoindre le catalogue PPL. Le code de classification de la bibliothèque 346. Ouvrages sur le droit des pays orientaux et sur le droit islamique et le mot-matière(mot-clef) Droit islamique sont des instruments permettant de faire des recherches dans le catalogue. Une attention particulière est prêtée à nos inscriptions aux bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, le présent guide de recherche contient des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne présentant un intérêt particulier.

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Bibliographie

Reference works

Books

Leading articles

Full Text Articles

Documents

Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

Systematic classification → Municipal law and comparative law

New titles


1. The "God-Gap" in International Affairs: Missing Cross-Cultural Conversations in International Humanitarian Law and Islamic Jurisprudence
The "God-Gap" in International Affairs: Missing Cross-Cultural Conversations in International Humanitarian Law and Islamic Jurisprudence / Corri Zoli In: Florida Journal of International Law = ISSN 1556-2670: vol. 28, issue 3, page 273-328. - 2016
Keywords: Laws of war, Islamic law, International humanitarian law, Legal theory,

Choix de bibliothécaire

  • Hefner, R.W. (ed.), Shari'a Law and Modern Muslim Ethics, Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2016.

    Hefner, R.W. (ed.), Shari'a Law and Modern Muslim Ethics, Bloomington, Indiana University Press, 2016.

    Many Muslim societies are in the throes of tumultuous political transitions, and common to all has been heightened debate over the place of shari'a law in modern politics and ethical life. Bringing together leading scholars of Islamic politics, ethics, and law, this book examines the varied meanings and uses of Islamic law, so as to assess the prospects for democratic, plural, and gender-equitable Islamic ethics today. These essays show that, contrary to the claims of some radicals, Muslim understandings of Islamic law and ethics have always been varied and emerge, not from unchanging texts but from real and active engagement with Islamic traditions and everyday life. The ethical debates that rage in contemporary Muslim societies reveal much about the prospects for democratic societies and a pluralist Islamic ethics in the future. They also suggest that despite the tragic violence wrought in recent years by Boko Haram and the Islamic State in Iraq, we may yet see an age of ethical renewal across the Muslim world.

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  • Zee, M., Choosing Sharia?: Multiculturalism, Islamic Fundamentalism and Sharia Councils, The Hague, Eleven International Publishing, 2016.

    Proponents of multiculturalism do not usually subscribe to Islamist goals. Yet, across Europe, these are being furthered. Sharia councils are deeply at odds with Western moral and legal principles of equality, freedom, and justice. However, high-profile multiculturalists tend to present a romanticized view of these councils, which obscures both the ideology that motivates them and their practical consequences. Are Sharia councils a legitimate expression of the longing for identity, as multiculturalists claim? What do Islamists really want? And why do multiculturalists find it so difficult to counter their claims? This book explores the implications of multiculturalism and Islamic fundamentalism. It provides a vivid account of what really goes on inside Sharia councils, and it discusses the challenges they pose to liberal democracy. With impressive clarity and vital importance, the book offers insight into two ideologies crucial to Europe's future. *** "Author Machteld Zee draws upon direct experience observing Sharia councils as well as individual case studies as she analyzes the problem and prospective solutions. Choosing Sharia? is highly recommended."

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  • Vanhullebusch, M., War and law in the Islamic world, Leiden : Brill, Nijhoff, 2015.

    Armed conflict, today, has diverged from war as it was known in generations past, and from this, has tested the means by which conflicts and violence are regulated. Written with an eye to a region plagued by such conflicts, War and Law in the Islamic World examines the origins and roles that two distinct systems of governance – Islamic law and international humanitarian law – have played in conflicts past and present. Meant equally for the scholar or student, this book presents the legal and policy complexities of today’s conflicts in a new light through its careful and well-researched investigation of the past and the present

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  • Rohe, M., Islamic Law in Past and Present, Leiden, Brill, 2015.

    Rohe, M., Islamic Law in Past and Present, Leiden, Brill, 2015.

    Islamic Law in Past and Present, written by the lawyer and Islamicist Mathias Rohe, is the first comprehensive study for decades on Islamic law, legal theory, reform mechanisms and the application of Islamic law in Islamic countries and the Muslim diaspora. It provides information based on an abundance of Oriental and Western sources regarding family and inheritance law, contract and economic law, penal law, constitutional, administrative and international law. The present situation and ‘law in action’ are highlighted particularly. This includes examples collected during field studies on the application of Islamic law in India, Canada and Germany.

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  • Ercanbrack, J.G., The Transformation of Islamic Law in Global Financial Markets, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015.

    Ercanbrack, J.G., The Transformation of Islamic Law in Global Financial Markets, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015.

    The role of global capital in relation to human social systems has assumed enormous proportions in liberalised, deregulated markets. States attempt to nationalise it, financial centres spring up in its wake, and INGOs attempt to deal with its de-territorialising, supranational characteristics. A global adjudication system (arbitration) has been introduced to safeguard and buttress its flow. The power of Islamic capital has generated numerous sites of legal contestation and negotiation, ranging from gateway financial centres, international law firms and transnational financial institutions, all of which interact in the production of Islamic financial law (IFL). The process of producing IFL illustrates complex fields of action driven by power dynamics, neoliberal paradigms and the institutional momentum of the global economy. The municipal legal systems under study in this book (the United Kingdom, Bahrain, United Arab Emirates and the Dubai International Financial Centre) illustrate globalisation's acceleration of legal, economic and social production.

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  • Kruiniger, P.M., Islamic Divorces in Europe, Bridging the Gap between European and Islamic Legal Orders, The Hague, Eleven International Publishing, 2015.

    Kruiniger, P.M., Islamic Divorces in Europe, Bridging the Gap between European and Islamic Legal Orders, The Hague, Eleven International Publishing, 2015.

    This book examines the issue of the recognition of Islamic divorces in European states. Repudiation-based divorces are particularly notorious for their presumed violation of fundamental rights of women and are consequently often not recognized. The resulting limping of legal relationships affects other fundamental rights of the persons involved, such as the right to marry and the right of free movement. For this reason, the book scrutinizes classical Islamic divorce law and the contemporary divorce laws and practices of Egypt, Iran, Morocco, and Pakistan, as well as the Dutch, English, and French recognition policies and relevant EU (case) law. By introducing various soft and hard law solutions, the book provides legal practitioners with the information and tools to tackle major shortcomings in the recognition of Islamic divorces. It is therefore a must read for legal practitioners, such as registrars, notaries, and members of the judiciary, as well as academics.

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  • Giunchi, E.G., Muslim Family Law in Western Courts, London; New York, Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, 2014.

    Giunchi, E.G., Muslim Family Law in Western Courts, London; New York, Routledge, Taylor and Francis Group, 2014.

    This book focuses on Islamic family law as interpreted and applied by judges in Europe, Australia and North America. It uses court transcriptions and observations to discuss how the most contentious marriage-related issues - consent and age of spouses, dower, polygamy, and divorce - are adjudicated. The solutions proposed by different legal systems are reviewed , and some broader questions are addressed: how Islamic principles are harmonized with norms based on gender equality, how parties bargain strategically in and out of court, and how Muslim diasporas align their Islamic worldview with a Western normative narrative.

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  • Bassiouni, M.C., The Sharīʿa and Islamic Criminal Justice in Time of War and Peace, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Bassiouni, M.C., The Sharīʿa and Islamic Criminal Justice in Time of War and Peace, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    This innovative and important book applies classical Sunni Muslim legal and religious doctrine to contemporary issues surrounding armed conflict. In doing so it shows that the shari'a and Islamic law are not only compatible with contemporary international human rights law and international humanitarian law norms, but are appropriate for use in Muslim societies. By grounding contemporary post-conflict processes and procedures in classical Muslim legal and religious doctrine, it becomes more accessible to Muslim societies who are looking for appropriate legal mechanisms to deal with the aftermath of armed conflict. This book uniquely presents a critique of the violent practices of contemporary Muslims and Muslim clerics who support these practices. It rebuts Islamophobes in the West that discredit Islam on the basis of the abhorrent practices of some Muslims, and hopes to reduce tensions between Western and Islamic civilizations by enhancing common understanding of the issues.

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Database

Blogs

  • Cultucide in Timbuktu: Shari’a and War Crimes

    Last weekend the Islamist Group Ansar Eddine (“Defenders of the Faith”) destroyed some of the age-old mausolea of Sufi Saints in Timbuktu. Despite the fact that recently on June 28 2012, these mausolea were placed on the UNESCO List of World Heritage in Danger.

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  • Islam and Assisted Reproductive Technology (ART)

    In Vitro Fertilization (IVF) has helped many childless couples successfully produce families in all corners of the globe. Current developments regarding IVF treatment have sparked debates in many islamic nations among religious groups. This blog will focus on Iran and discuss the differences between Sunni and Shi’a Islam regarding this issue.

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Systematic classification → Municipal law and comparative law