Philosophie du droit

Introduction

Philosophy of Law - Research Guide International Law

La philosophie du droit s'intéresse aux questions relatives à la nature du droit et aux concepts qui structurent le droit. Elle s'occupe aussi de questions concernant l'autorité du droit et le rôle du droit dans la société. La philosophie du droit peut être divisée en plusieurs catégories, telles que la jurisprudence analytique, la jurisprudence normative, les théories critiques du droit, la jurisprudence sociologique, les théories de la justice, le droit naturel, le positivisme juridique et le réalisme juridique. Les notions de théorie du droit et de "jurisprudence" sont souvent utilisées comme synonymes de la philosophie du droit et des matières qui la composent.

Le présent guide de recherche se veut un point de départ pour mener des recherches en philosophie du droit. Il fournit les textes de base disponible à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, qu'il s'agisse de documents imprimés ou de documents sous format électronique. La section intitulée "Bibliographie sélective" présente une sélection de manuels, d'articles importants, de bibliographies, de publications périodiques, de publications en série et de documents pertinents. Des liens permettent de rejoindre le catalogue PPL. Le code de classification de la bibliothèque 18. Philosophie du droit et droit naturel et le mot-matière (mot-clef) Philosophie du droit sont des instruments permettant de faire une recherche dans le catalogue. Une attention particulière est prêtée à nos inscriptions aux bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, le présent guide de recherche contient des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne présentant un intérêt particulier.

Bibliographie

Reference works

Books about miscellaneous legal philosophical topics

Several articles

Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

Systematic classification → Law in general

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Choix de bibliothécaire

  • Orford, A., and F. Hoffmann (eds.), "The Oxford handbook of the Theory of International Law", Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016.

    The Oxford Handbook of International Legal Theory provides an accessible and authoritative guide to the major thinkers, concepts, approaches, and debates that have shaped contemporary international legal theory. The Handbook features 48 original essays by leading international scholars from a wide range of traditions, nationalities, and perspectives, reflecting the richness and diversity of this dynamic field.

    The collection explores key questions and debates in international legal theory, offers new intellectual histories for the discipline, and provides fresh interpretations of significant historical figures, texts, and theoretical approaches. It provides a much-needed map of the field of international legal theory, and a guide to the main themes and debates that have driven theoretical work in international law. The Handbook will be an indispensable reference work for students, scholars, and practitioners seeking to gain an overview of current theoretical debates about the nature, function, foundations, and future role of international law.

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  • Haque, A. A., "Law and Morality at War", New York, Oxford University Press, 2017.

    This book integrates legal analysis and moral philosophy. It seeks to defend, interpret, implement, and reform the law of armed conflict. It argues that the law of armed conflict should provide combatants with moral guidance, helping them to conform to their moral obligations as closely as possible. It presents the law of armed conflict as prohibitive rather than permissive, conferring limited immunities rather than broad privileges, and applying alongside human rights law as well as ordinary moral norms. It defends a broad interpretation of civilian immunity while advocating restraints on the use of force against combatants. It develops innovative approaches to target verification, indiscriminate weapons, proportionality, and precautions in attack. Notably, it proposes specific rules of engagement that operationalize complex legal and moral norms, thereby providing clearer guidance to combatants and greater protection to civilians. It argues that human shields‐including voluntary human shields‐generally retain their moral and legal protection. Finally, it argues that the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court fails to prohibit and punish serious violations of the law of armed conflict and must be amended.

    Keywords: law of war, law of armed conflict, international humanitarian law, civilian-combatant distinction, precautions, proportionality, human shields, war crimes, just war theory, military ethics.

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  • Laing, J. A. , and R. Wilcox, The Natural Law Reader, Chichester, Wiley Blackwell, 2014.

    The Natural Law Reader features a selection of readings in metaphysics, jurisprudence, politics, and ethics that are all related to the classical Natural Law tradition in the modern world. Features a concise presentation of the natural law position that offers the reader a focal point for discussion of ancient and contemporary ideas in the natural law tradition Draws upon the metaphysical and ethical categories put forth and developed by Aristotle and Aquinas Points to the historical significance and contemporary relevance of the Natural Law tradition Reflects on a revival of interest in the tradition of virtue ethics and human rights

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  • Lloyd, S.A. (ed.), Hobbes Today: Insights for the 21st Century, New York, NY, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    Lloyd, S.A. (ed.), Hobbes Today: Insights for the 21st Century, New York, NY, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    Hobbes Today: Insights for the 21st Century brings together an impressive group of political philosophers, legal theorists, and political scientists to investigate the many ways in which the work of Thomas Hobbes, the famed seventeenth century English philosopher, can illuminate the political and social problems we face today. Its essays demonstrate the contemporary relevance of Hobbes's political thought on such issues as justice, human rights, public reason, international warfare, punishment, fiscal policy, and the design of positive law, among others. The volume's contributors include both Hobbes specialists and philosophers bringing their expertise to consideration of Hobbes's texts for the first time. This volume will stimulate renewed interest in Hobbes studies among a new generation of thinkers.

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  • Roff, H.M., Global Justice, Kant and the Responsibility to Protect: a Provisional Duty, London, Routledge, 2013.

    Roff, H.M., Global Justice, Kant and the Responsibility to Protect: a Provisional Duty, London, Routledge, 2013.

    This book provides an innovative contribution to the study of the Responsibility to Protect and Kantian political theory. The Responsibility to Protect (R2P) doctrine has been heralded as the new international security norm to ensure the protection of peoples against genocide, ethnic cleansing, war crimes and crimes against humanity. Yet, for all of the discussion, endorsements and reaffirmations of this new norm, R2P continues to come under fire for its failures, particularly, and most recently, in the case of Syria. This book argues that a duty to protect is best considered a Kantian provisional duty of justice. The international system ought to be considered a state of nature, where legal institutions are either weak or absent, and so duties of justice in such a condition cannot be considered peremptory. This book suggests that by understanding the duty’s provisional status, we understand the necessity of creating the requisite executive, legislative and judicial authorities. Furthermore, the book provides three innovative contributions to the literature, study and practice of R2P and Kantian political theory: it provides detailed theoretical analysis of R2P; it addresses the research gap that exists with Kant’s account of justice in states of nature; and it presents a more comprehensive understanding of the metaphysics of justice as well as R2P. This book will be of much interest to students of the Responsibility to Protect, humanitarian intervention, global ethics, international law, security studies and international relations (IR) in general.

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  • Kolb, R., Théorie du Droit International, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2013.

    Dunoff, J.L. and M.A. Pollack (eds.), Interdisciplinary Perspectives on International Law and International Relations: the State of the Art, New York, NY, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    L’ouvrage traite des problèmes fondamentaux du droit international dans une perspective à la fois juridique et plus générale ; une réflexion touchant à des aspects fondamentaux de ce droit vu sous l'angle de son évolution historique et de son état actuel. Cette seconde édition de l’ouvrage Réflexions de philosophie du droit international rassemble une série de réflexions personnelles sur les points de droit international qui m’ont paru importants au fil des années d’étude de cette matière. Si ces points ne s’ordonnent pas en un système, ils ne sont néanmoins pas jetés sur le papier au hasard. Ces réflexions ont ceci en commun qu’elles tentent de serrer de plus près les aspects ordonnateurs et structurants du droit international, en un mot, ses chevilles ouvrières ou ses voûtes névralgiques.

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  • Buchanan, R., S. Motha and S. Pahuja (eds.), Reading Modern Law: Critical Methodologies and Sovereign Formations, Abingdon, Routledge, 2012.

    Buchanan, R., S. Motha and S. Pahuja (eds.), Reading Modern Law: Critical Methodologies and Sovereign Formations, Abingdon, Routledge, 2012.

    This book identifies and elaborates upon key critical methodologies for reading and writing about law in modernity. The force of law rests on determinate and localizable authorizations, as well as an expansive capacity to encompass what has not been pre-figured by an order of rules. The key question this dynamic of law raises is how legal forms might be deployed to confront and disrupt injustice. The urgency of this question must not eclipse the care its complexity demands. This book offers a critical methodology for addressing the many challenges thrown up by that question, whilst testifying to its complexity. The essays in this volume - engagements direct or oblique, with the work of Peter Fitzpatrick - chart a mode of resisting the proliferation of social scientific methods, as much as geo-political empire. The authors elaborate a critical and interdisciplinary treatment of law and modernity, and outline the pivotal role of sovereignty in contemporary formations of power, both national and international. From various overlapping vantage points, therefore, Reading Modern Law interrogates law's relationship to power, as well as its relationship to the critical work of reading and writing about law in modernity.

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  • Wacks, R., Understanding Jurisprudence: An Introduction to Legal Theory, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2012.

    Wacks, R., Understanding Jurisprudence: An Introduction to Legal Theory, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2012.

    With a clear, engaging, and informal writing style, Understanding Jurisprudence is the perfect guide for students new to legal theory and looking for a convenient and interesting starting point for this sometimes daunting subject. Key theories and theorists are introduced in a compact and manageable format, offering an accessible account of the central ideas without oversimplification. Further reading suggestions are included throughout, helping students to structure their research and navigate the many texts and articles available in this subject area. Critical questions are also included in each chapter, to encourage students to think analytically about the law and the key ideas and debates which surround it. Professor Wacks is an experienced teacher of jurisprudence and excels in providing a concise, student-friendly introduction to the subject, without avoiding the subtleties of this fascinating discipline.

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Database

Blogs

  • The Martens Clause: A New Library Special

    The Martens clause is named after the Russian diplomat and international law professor Fyodor Fyodorovich Martens (1845-1909), the Russian delegate at the The Hague Peace Conferences in 1899. The Martens clause came into existence as a diplomatic statement made by diplomat Martens who wanted to come up with a solution for a disagreement between large occupying forces and smaller states. Martens, who was of the opinion that international law should illuminate and set normative standards, created the clause to fill a legal vacuum and help alleviate the horrors of war. The clause serves as a reminder that an act is not just yet permissible when an act of war is not expressly prohibited by international law or customary law.

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  • US court rules that US government funding for stem cell research breaks law protecting human embryos

    The Obama Administration is in favor of human embryonic stem cell research. Further research alongside other kinds of stem cell experimentation is vital to science and further medical study. It could help us understand the process of cell transformation and how diseases such as diabetes and blindness could be treated. James Sherley, an MIT scientist, and several other scientists however oppose to human embryonic stem cell research. They filed a case against the decision of the Obama administration to federally fund embryonic stem cell use research. The Federal District Court for the District of Columbia ruled that the federal funding of stem cell research breaks law protecting human embryos.

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Systematic classification → Law in general