Droit de la mer

Introduction

Law of the Sea - Research Guide International Law

La convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer (Montego Bay, 10 décembre 1982), UNCLOS, vise à régir l'utilisation des océans pour la pêche, la navigation commerciale, l'exploration, la navigation et l'exploitation minière. L'UNCLOS  est le traité de droit international public le plus exhaustif et concerne une série importante de questions de droit de la mer, tels que les frontières maritimes, zones maritime, protection de l'environnement marin, la recherche scientifique marine,  la piraterie et de nombreux autres domaines. La partie XI de la Convention de Montego Bay sur le régime juridique de l' exploitation minière des grands fonds marins est le principal obstacle à la ratification de la convention par les États occidentaux et a retardé l'entrée en vigueur de la Convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer en tant qu'ensemble. Après l'adoption de règles plus spécifiques dans le cadre de l'accord de 1994 relatif à l'application de la partie XI de la Convention sur le droit de la mer à propos de l'exploitation commerciale des grands fonds plusieurs États ont accepté de ratifier la convention qui est entrée en vigueur en 1994. Bien que les États-Unis reconnaissent maintenant la Convention de Montego Bay en tant que codification de la coutume internationale, ils ne l'ont pas encore ratifiée.

Le présent guide de recherche se veut un point de départ pour mener des recherches en matière de droit de la mer. Il fournit les textes juridiques de base disponibles à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, qu'il s'agisse de documents imprimés ou de documents sous format électronique. La section intitulée "Bibliographie sélective" présente une sélection de manuels, d'articles importants, de bibliographies, de publications périodiques, de publications en série et de documents pertinents. Des liens permettent de rejoindre le catalogue PPL. Le code de classification de la bibliothèque 96. Droit de la mer et les mots-matières (mots-clefs) Droit de la mer et  Convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer sont des instruments permettant de faire des recherches dans le Catalogue. Une attention particulière est prêtée à nos inscriptions aux bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, le présent guide de recherche contient des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne présentant un intérêt particulier.

Bibliographie

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Choix de bibliothécaire

  • Temsamani, R.M., El Estrecho de Gibraltar: la protección internacional y nacional de su medio ambiente marino, Madrid, Dykinson S.L., 2018.

    Temsamani, R.M., El Estrecho de Gibraltar: la protección internacional y nacional de su medio ambiente marino, Madrid, Dykinson S.L., 2018.

    Por su naturaleza, el Estrecho de Gibraltar se enfrenta a una, cada vez mayor, degradación de su medio ambiente marino, consecuencia, entre otras, de la ausencia de un marco jurídico adaptado a su particularidad. Y es que, al día de hoy los estrechos utilizados para la navegación internacional, carecen de una normativa específica que responda a esta situación. De hecho, podría afirmarse que la CNUDM es el único tratado internacional que, de forma expresa, hace referencia en su articulado a la protección del medio marino de los estrechos de navegación internacional. Por lo que se refiere al Estrecho de Gibraltar, cabe señalar que la dificultad de proteger su medio ambiente aumenta debido a su ubicación geoestratégica y a la existencia de una latente controversia de soberanía sobre sus aguas. Circunstancias todas ellas que dificultan la consecución de cualquier acuerdo internacional entre los Estados ribereños, que pueda servir de base para la fijación de un marco jurídico eficaz de protección.

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  • Forteau, M. et Thouvenin, J.-M. (eds.), Traité de droit international de la mer, Paris, Pedone, 2017.

    Le présent Traité vise à mettre à la disposition des étudiants, des praticiens et des chercheurs une présentation actualisée et aussi détaillée que possible du droit international de la mer, c'est-à-dire des principes et règles de droit international public (à commencer par ceux qui résultent de la convention des Nations Unies sur le droit de la mer de 1982) qui régissent les titres de souveraineté, droits de juridiction et compétences des Etats sur les espaces maritimes et ceux qui encadrent les activités en mer, ainsi que le règlement des différends portant sur leur interprétation ou application. Les enjeux juridiques liés aux mers et aux océans sont d'une importance capitale dans le monde contemporain. Les espaces maritimes sont source de convoitise et le lieu d'activités diverses, qui appellent un encadrement juridique approprié. Ces activités sont largement pratiquées et participent légitimement, et à grande échelle, au développement économique des sociétés modernes (navigation, commerce, transport, exploitation des ressources halieutiques et du sous-sol marin).

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  • The Contribution of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to the Rule of Law: 1996-2016, Leiden, Boston, Brill Nijhoff, 2018.

    The Contribution of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to the Rule of Law: 1996-2016, Leiden, Boston, Brill Nijhoff, 2018.

    The Contribution of the International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea to the Rule of Law: 1996-2016 contains contributions from judges and former judges of the Tribunal, legal advisors, counsel, practitioners and scholars on the contribution made by the Tribunal to the rule of law and the progressive development of international law. Highlighting the role played by the Tribunal over the last 20 years in the system for the peaceful settlement of law of the sea related disputes, this volume will be a useful resource for all those interested in the law of the sea and dispute resolution.

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  • Oude Elferink, A.G., Henriksen, T. and Busch, S.V. (eds.), Maritime boundary delimitation: the case law: is it consistent and predictable? Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2018.

    Oude Elferink, A.G., Henriksen, T. and Busch, S.V. (eds.), Maritime boundary delimitation: the case law: is it consistent and predictable? Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2018.

    The law of maritime delimitation has been mostly developed through the case law of the International Court of Justice and other tribunals. In the past decade there have been a number of cases that raise questions about the consistency and predictability of the jurisprudence concerning this sub-field of international law. This book investigates these questions through a systematical review of the case law on the delimitation of the continental shelf and the exclusive economic zone. Comprehensive coverage allows for conclusions to be drawn about the case law's approach to the applicable law and its application to the individual case. Maritime Boundary Delimitation: The Case Law will appeal to scholars of international dispute settlement as well as practitioners and academics interested in the law concerning the delimitation of maritime boundaries.

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  • Harrison, J., Saving the Oceans through Law: the International Legal Framework for the Protection of the Marine Environment, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017.

    Harrison, J., Saving the Oceans through Law: the International Legal Framework for the Protection of the Marine Environment, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017.

    Starting with a detailed analysis of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, the book considers the main treaties and other legal texts that seeks to prevent, reduce, and control damage to the marine environment caused by navigation, seabed exploitation, fishing, dumping, and land-based activities, as well as emerging pressures such as ocean noise and climate change. The book demonstrates how international institutions have expanded their mandates to address a broader range of marine environmental issues, beyond basic problems of pollution control to include the conservation of marine biological diversity and an ecosystems approach to regulation. It also discusses the development of diverse regulatory tools to address anthropogenic impacts on the marine environment and the extent to which states have adopted a precautionary approach in different maritime sectors

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  • Borton, J. (ed.), Islands and Rocks in the South China Sea: Post-Hague Ruling, Bloomington, Xlibris, 2017.

    Borton, J. (ed.), Islands and Rocks in the South China Sea: Post-Hague Ruling, Bloomington, Xlibris, 2017.

    The situation in the South China Sea with regard to territorial disputes remains unsettled despite The Hague’s Permanent Court of Arbitration unanimous ruling in favor of the Philippines and against China’s historic rights to the South China Sea. This collection of academic essays examines many interpretations of international law on the legal status of the contested islands and rocks. What’s clear to all is that the failure to uphold international law and norms harms all claimants’ interests in the contested sea.

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  • Jaeckel, A.L.,The International Seabed Authority and the Precautionary Principle: Balancing Deep Seabed Mineral Mining and Marine Environmental Protection, Leiden, Boston, Brill Nijhoff, 2017.

    Jaeckel, A.L.,The International Seabed Authority and the Precautionary Principle: Balancing Deep Seabed Mineral Mining and Marine Environmental Protection, Leiden, Boston, Brill Nijhoff, 2017.
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  • Mossop, J., The Continental Shelf beyond 200 Nautical Miles: Rights and Responsibilities, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016.

    Mossop, J., The Continental Shelf beyond 200 Nautical Miles: Rights and Responsibilities, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016.

    Under the United Nations Law of the Sea Convention (LOSC), coastal States have sovereign rights over the resources of their continental shelf out to 200 nautical miles (nm) from the coast. Where the physical shelf extends beyond 200 nm, States may exercise rights over those resources to the outer limits of the continental shelf. More than eighty States may be entitled to claim sovereign rights over their continental shelf where it extends beyond 200 nm, and the Commission on the Limits of the Continental Shelf (CLCS) is currently examining many of these claims. This book examines the nature of the rights and obligations of coastal States in this area, focusing on the options for regulating activities on the extended continental shelf. Because the extended continental shelf lies below the high seas, the area poses unique legal challenges for coastal States, which are different from those faced in respect of the shelf within 200 nm.

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  • Barrett, J. and Barnes, R. (eds.), Law of the Sea: UNCLOS as a Living Treaty, London, British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 2016.

    Barrett, J. and Barnes, R. (eds.), Law of the Sea: UNCLOS as a Living Treaty, London, British Institute of International and Comparative Law, 2016.

    The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) now has nearly 170 States parties and is still attracting new ones. Often described as the "Constitution of the Sea," it sets the legal framework for all matters concerning the world's oceans. This book provides original thinking on a broad range of issues relating to maritime delimitation, including: exploiting the outer continental shelf; emerging international energy issues at sea; the relationship between climate change and law of the sea; protecting human security and the marine environment; China's approach to UNCLOS; and the settlement of disputes for States and the European Union. The book analyzes the fundamental nature of UNCLOS and concludes that it may now be characterized as a "living treaty" due to its capacity to adapt to new realities.

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  • Jenner, C.J. and Tran Truong Thuy (eds.) The South China Sea: a Crucible of Regional Cooperation or Conflict-making Sovereignty Claims? Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2016.

    Jenner, C.J. and Tran Truong Thuy (eds.) The South China Sea: a Crucible of Regional Cooperation or Conflict-making Sovereignty Claims? Cambridge : Cambridge University Press, 2016.

    The history of the South China Sea is a catalyst of international cooperation and conflict. Security in the Indo-Asia-Pacific is largely governed by command of these strategic waters. More than half of global shipping transits the South China Sea, which also holds significant reserves of oil, gas and minerals as well as some of the largest fisheries in the world. Drawing on a team of field-leading researchers, Jenner and Thuy provide an empirical study of the global ocean's most contested sea space. The volume's four parts offer an insightful analysis of the significance of the South China Sea to the international order; sub-national agents of influence on relations between states; the disputes over sovereignty through the analytical prism of international law; and the conflictful region's prospects. The primary source-based conclusion elucidates the agency of history and strategy in the South China Sea.

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  • Fietta, S. and Cleverly, R., Practitioner's Guide to Maritime Boundary Delimitation, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016.

    Fietta, S. and Cleverly, R., Practitioner's Guide to Maritime Boundary Delimitation, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016.

    This book provides a user-friendly and practical guide to the modern law of maritime boundary delimitation. The law of maritime boundaries has seen substantial evolution in recent decades. The book provides a comprehensive overview of the law in this field, and its development through the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, which set out the framework of the modern law in 1982. The Convention itself has since been substantially built upon and clarified by a series of judicial and arbitral decisions in boundary disputes between sovereign states, which themselves also built upon earlier case law. The book dissects each of the leading international judgments and awards since the North Sea Continental Shelf Cases in 1969, providing a full analysis of the issues and context in each case, explaining their fundamental importance to shaping the law.

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  • Hassan, D., Kuokkanen, T. and Soininen, N. (eds.), Transboundary Marine Spatial Planning and International Law, London ; New York : Earthscan from Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2015.

    Hassan, D., Kuokkanen, T. and Soininen, N. (eds.), Transboundary Marine Spatial Planning and International Law, London ; New York : Earthscan from Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2015.

    Marine Spatial Planning (MSP) is an integrated and comprehensive approach to ocean governance and is used to establish a rational use of marine space and reconcile conflicting interests of its users. MSP allows both a high level of environmental protection and a wide range of human activities and emphasizes coordinated networks of national, regional and global institutions. This book focuses on the framework of international law behind MSP and especially on the transboundary aspects of MSP. It first sets out a general framework for transboundary MSP and then moves on to compare and assess differences and similarities between different regions. Specific detailed case studies include the EU with the focus on the Baltic Sea and North Sea, the Bay of Bengal and Great Barrier Reef in Australia. The authors examine the national and regional significance of MSP from an integrated and sustainable ocean governance point of view. They also show how transboundary MSP can create opportunities and positive initiatives for cross-border cooperation and contribute to the effective protection of the regional marine environment.

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  • Wu, S., Valencia, M. and Hong, N. (eds.), UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and the South China Sea, Farnham, Ashgate, 2015.

    Wu, S., Valencia, M. and Hong, N. (eds.), UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and the South China Sea, Farnham, Ashgate, 2015.

    Research on The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) is a valuable addition to understanding the political situation in the potentially volatile South China Sea region. This book covers topics such as baselines, historic title and rights, due regard and abuse of rights, peaceful use of the ocean, navigation regimes, marine scientific research, intelligence gathering, the UNCLOS dispute settlement system and regional common heritage. In search of varying viewpoints, the authors in this book come from multiple countries, including the Philippines, Australia, Ireland, Mainland China and Taiwan, the United States, and Indonesia, Singapore, UK and Germany. Ongoing events, such as the recent waves made by China in the East China Sea and increasing tensions between the South East Asian countries over the use of South China Sea, make this book especially pertinent.

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  • Warner, R. and Kaye, S. (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Maritime Regulation and Enforcement, London, Routledge, 2016.

    Warner, R. and Kaye, S. (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Maritime Regulation and Enforcement, London, Routledge, 2016.

    With advances in technology and maritime transport, the spectrum of human activities in all parts of the ocean and the deep seabed is steadily increasing. A combination of factors means that human uses of the ocean now extend beyond the traditional activities of navigation and fishing to new and emerging activities such as bioprospecting for marine genetic resources, deep seabed mineral and hydrocarbon exploration and exploitation, offshore renewable energy developments and marine scientific probes of deep sea areas. This handbook examines in depth current regulatory and enforcement instruments and mechanisms for different sectors of maritime activity in the various zones of maritime jurisdiction. The cornerstone of the international law framework for regulating these activities is the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea.

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  • Bankes, N. and Trevisanut, S., Energy from the Sea: An International Law Perspective on Ocean Energy, Leiden, Brill, 2015

    Bankes, N. and Trevisanut, S., Energy from the Sea: An International Law Perspective on Ocean Energy, Leiden, Brill, 2015

    One of the main challenges of our time is to be able to guarantee energy supply at a reasonable price. Policy makers, international institutions and the private sector increasingly look to the oceans as a significant source of energy. The Law of the Sea provides the legal framework within which any maritime activity is performed and strikes a balance between the multiple activities that can take place simultaneously in the same maritime zone. This volume addresses some of the main legal challenges raised by the expansion of the ocean energy sector and its consequences for the relevant international normative and institutional framework. Some of the major themes explored include energy sources and the competition for marine space, energy security, private actors and corporate social responsibility, fragmentation or integration, evolution and reinforcement of international law and liability.

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  • Tseng, Hui-Yi K., Lessons from the Disturbed Waters: the Diaoyu/Diaoyutai/Senkaku Islands Disputes, New Jersey, World Scientific, 2015

    Tseng, Hui-Yi K., Lessons from the Disturbed Waters: the Diaoyu/Diaoyutai/Senkaku Islands Disputes, New Jersey, World Scientific, 2015

    Please check out the Blog about Senkaku or Diaoyutai Islands?

    Abstract: Although the flare-up of tensions in East Asia over the disputed islands, which are alternatively called Diaoyu (China), Diaoyutai (Taiwan) and Senkaku (Japan), seems to be ever more frequent, it has not always been the case. Lessons from the Disturbed Waters traces the origin of the issue back to when it first surfaced in the 1970s. The book explains the positions of the claimants, China, Japan and Taiwan, and explores the reasons why they have taken such positions over the past few decades. Unlike the other books which analyse the disputes predominantly from a geopolitical perspective, this books tries to do so mainly from the perspectives of international law, conflict management, negotiation strategies, and history. Readers will get to see an interesting dynamism played out among the three actors which are directly involved and the influence of extra-regional stakeholders such as the US over the disputes. While the disputes are still evolving, the author hopes this book can shed new light on the intricacies and complexities of the disputes and can provide some threads for further in-depth discussions.

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  • Cottier, Th., Equitable Principles of Maritime Boundary Delimitation: the Quest for Distributive Justice in International Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015.

    Cottier, Th., Equitable Principles of Maritime Boundary Delimitation: the Quest for Distributive Justice in International Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015.

    Equity emerged as a powerful symbol of aspired redistribution in international relations. Operationally, it has had limited impact in the Westphalian system of nation states - except for maritime boundary delimitations. This book deals with the role of equity in international law, and offers a detailed case study on maritime boundary delimitation in the context of the enclosure movement in the law of the sea. It assesses treaty law and the impact of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea. It depicts the process of trial and error in the extensive case law of the International Court of Justice and arbitral tribunals and expounds the underlying principles and factors informing the methodology both in adjudication and negotiations. Unlike other books, the main focus is on equity and its implications for legal methodology, in particular offering further guidance in the field of international economic law.

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  • Rothwell, D.R., Oude Elferink, A.G., Scott, K.N. and T. Stephens (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Law of the Sea, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015.

    Rothwell, D.R., Oude Elferink, A.G., Scott, K.N. and Stephens, T. (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of the Law of the Sea, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015.

    Human activities have taken place in the world's oceans and seas for most of human history. With such a vast number of ways in which the oceans can be used for trade, exploited for natural resources and fishing, as well as concerns over maritime security, the legal systems regulating the rights and responsibilities of nations in their use of the world's oceans have long been a crucial part of international law. The United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea comprehensively defined the parameters of the law of the sea in 1982, and since the Convention was concluded it has seen considerable development. This Oxford Handbook provides a comprehensive and original analysis of its current debates and controversies, both theoretical and practical. Written by over forty expert and interdisciplinary contributors, the Handbook sets out how the law of the sea has developed, and the challenges it is currently facing.

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  • Tanaka, Y.,The International Law of the Sea, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015.

    Tanaka, Y.,The International Law of the Sea, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015.

    This new edition has been fully revised and updated to include the contemporary issues together with new cases delivered by international courts and tribunals, such as the ICJ, ITLOS and Arbitral Tribunals, treaties, UN resolutions, and other instruments. It retains the clear chapter structure of the first edition, but has expanded the topics on marine spaces beyond national jurisdiction, maritime delimitation, protection of the marine environment. A new concluding chapter has also been included and presents a perspective on the future development of the international law of the sea. Detailed footnotes and further reading sections, combined with illustrations and tables ensure understanding of the subject. By offering clarity of expression and academic rigour, The International Law of the Sea remains the best choice for students.

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  • Buszynski, L. and Roberts, C.B. (eds.), The South China Sea Maritime Dispute: Political, Legal and Regional Perspectives, London, Routledge, 2015.

    Buszynski, L. and Roberts, C.B. (eds.), The South China Sea Maritime Dispute: Political, Legal and Regional Perspectives, London, Routledge, 2015.

    Please check out the Library Special South China Sea Territorial Disputes

    The South China Sea is a major strategic waterway for trade and oil shipments to Japan, Korea as well as southern China. It has been the focus of a maritime dispute which has continued now for over six decades, with competing claims from China, Vietnam, the Philippines, Indonesia and Brunei. Recently China has become more assertive in pressing its claims – harassing Vietnamese fishing vessels and seizing reefs in the Philippine claim zone. China has insisted that it has "indisputable sovereignty" over the area and has threatened to enforce its claim. All of this is unsettling and draws in the United States which is concerned about freedom of navigation in the area. The US has been supporting the Philippines and has been developing security ties with Vietnam as a check upon China. This book examines the conflict potential of the current dispute, it discusses how the main claimants and the United States view the issue, and assesses the prospects for a resolution of the problem.

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  • Caron, D.D. and Oral, N. (eds.), Navigating Straits : Challenges for International Law, Leiden, Brill, 2014.

    Caron, D.D. and Oral, N. (eds.), Navigating Straits : Challenges for International Law, Leiden, Brill, 2014.

    The importance of straits, particularly those used in international navigation, has been long recognized in international law. One of the important debates during the Third United Nations Law of the Sea Conference concerned the regime of passage through straits used in international navigation. The result was the creation of a multi-tiered legal framework of passage that included the entirely a new “transit passage” regime. Although over thirty years have passed since the adoption of the 1982 United Nations Convention of the Law of the Sea, the vital role played by straits in the global communications network continues to be surrounded by conflicts between the interests of coastal states and shipping. Challenges still exist to achieving the simultaneous global goals of secure passage of vessels and protection of the marine environment. Internationally recognized international law scholars provide in-depth analysis of the legal challenges in straits concerning security, piracy, safety and environmental protection.

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  • Jayakumar, S., T. Koh and R. Beckman (eds.), The South China Sea Disputes and Law of the Sea, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2014.

    Jayakumar, S., T. Koh and R. Beckman (eds.), The South China Sea Disputes and Law of the Sea, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2014.

    Please check out the Library Special South China Sea Territorial Disputes

    Offering a comprehensive analysis of the individual topics and their application to the South China Sea region, each chapter of the book provides a substantive and rigorous investigation into the history, development and application of the relevant legal principles. It is written within the global context so that lessons learned from this exercise will have global implications. Contributors include former judges from ITLOS, legal advisors to States who participated in the negotiation and drafting of UNCLOS, as well as outstanding scholars of both law and geography, many of whom have acted as counsel or experts in cases before international court and tribunals.

    This important book provides neutral and objective analysis of law of the sea issues of relevance to the South China Sea and will therefore prove a valuable resource to Government officials and policy-makers from the ASEAN countries, Australia, China, Japan, Korea and the United States. It will also be of special interest to political analysts with an ongoing interest in the legal issues pertaining to the South China Sea region in light of concerns regarding conflict, challenges to freedom of navigation and access to resources.

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  • Mahinga, J.-G., La pêche maritime et le droit international, Paris, L'Harmattan, 2014.

    Mahinga, J.-G., La pêche maritime et le droit international, Paris, L'Harmattan, 2014.

    Le développement des technologies a conduit à l'accroissement des activités de pêche maritime ainsi qu'à l'essor de l'intérêt économique de la mer. Le droit international a donc été amené à poser les règles d'organisation de la pêche autour des compétences reconnues aux Etats dans des espaces maritimes clairement déterminés ainsi qu'en matière de captures des espèces. Il a également prévu les modalités de règlement des différends qui surviendraient dans l'application de ces règles.

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  • Harrison, J., Making the Law of the Sea: a Study in the Development of International Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Harrison, J., Making the Law of the Sea: a Study in the Development of International Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2011.

    Making the Law of the Sea examines how various international organisations have contributed to the development of this law and what kinds of instruments and law-making techniques have been used. Each chapter considers a different international institution – including the International Maritime Organization and the United Nations – and analyses its functions and powers. Important questions are posed about the law-making process, including what actors are involved and what procedures are followed. Potential problems for the development of the law of the sea are considered and solutions are proposed. In particular, James Harrison explores and evaluates the current methods employed by international institutions to coordinate their law-making activities in order to overcome fragmentation of the law-making process.

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  • Yamamoto, L. and Esteban, M., Atoll Island States and International Law: Climate Change Displacement and Sovereignty, Berlin, Springer, 2014.

    Yamamoto, L. and Esteban, M., Atoll Island States and International Law: Climate Change Displacement and Sovereignty, Berlin, Springer, 2014.

    Atoll Island States exist on top of what is perceived to be one of the planet's most vulnerable ecosystems: atolls. It has been predicted that an increase in the pace of sea level rise brought about by increasing greenhouse gas concentrations in the atmosphere will cause them to disappear, forcing their inhabitants to migrate. The present book represents a multidisciplinary legal and engineering perspective on this problem, challenging some common misconceptions regarding atolls and their vulnerability to sea-level rise. Coral islands have survived past changes in sea levels, and it is the survival of coral reefs what will be crucial for their continued existence. These islands are important for their inhabitants as they represent not only their ancestral agricultural lands and heritage, but also a source of revenue through the exploitation of the maritime areas associated with them.

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Database

Blogs

  • Fifty Years Legal Argument over the Chagos Archipelago

    Since the creation of the British Indian Ocean Territory, a remnant of the British Empire has been subject of international legal dispute. The two most prominent are the request for an advisory opinion – currently under deliberation of the International Court of Justice (ICJ) – and secondly the arbitral proceedings under the Law of the Sea Convention. These issues and certain domestic proceedings in the United Kingdom relating to the legal status of the Chagossian people, have been the subject of legal academic research and subsequent publications. A recent addition is titled: “Fifty years of the British Indian Ocean territory: legal perspectives.” This book, produced in response to the 50th anniversary of the British Indian Ocean Territory’s founding, also assesses the impact of the decisions taken in respect of the Territory against a wider background of decolonization while addressing important questions about the lawfulness of maintaining Overseas Territories in the post-colonial era.

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  • The Capture of the Santa Catarina (1603)

    By 1602, the newly formed Dutch East India Company (VOC) was threatening Portugal’s monopoly over the Asian spice trade. In response, the Portuguese government designed an extensive campaign to drive out the Dutch from the East Indies. Outraged by the atrocities the Portuguese inflicted on the Dutch and their allies, Admiral Van Heemskerck – sailing in the Strait of Singapore – prepared to retaliate against the Portuguese. After spending months of looking for a Portuguese ship to capture, they at last found one on that morning of February 25, 1603. And not just any ship, but the treasure ship Santa Catarina. The ship and its cargo ended up as booty of war and were taken back to Europe. The incident of the Santa Catarina was most certainly not uncontroversial from a legal point of view …

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  • Arctic Sovereignty: Icy Roads to the North Pole

    Canada, the US, Norway, Russia, and Denmark have been gathering scientific evidence for more than a decade in an effort to increase their continental shelf claims in the Arctic Ocean Region.The potential delimitation dispute between Canada, Russia and Denmark seems to focus on the Lomonosov Ridge. The North Pole is located about 400 nautical miles from the northernmost island of Canada, Denmark, Norway and the Russian Federation. Under international law coastal state rights over the water columns are limited to the 200 nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zone, using the state’s territorial sea baselines as starting point.

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  • Tuvalu, Quo Vadis?

    Climate change damage in the South Pacific is a problem for all small island developing states, including Tuvalu. These island states may become uninhabitable within the foreseeable future. What about the maritime boundaries and maritime claims of the former (Tuvalu) sea territory, which options do Tuvaluans have here? Does a disappearing Tuvalu have international repercussions? Tuvalu (formerly the Ellice Islands) comprises a cluster of nine islands, plus islets, located in the southwestern Pacific Ocean just south of the Equator. These remote atolls are situated about 1,050 km (650 mi) n of Suva, Fiji, and 4,000 km (2,500 mi) of Sydney, Australia. Tuvalu has a coastline of 24 km (15 mi). As a rather small archipel Tuvale possesses considerable maritime claims on fishing grounds and natural resources in the Exclusive Economic Zone (EEZ) and continental shelf.

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  • Unresolved Territorial Disputes: The Tunbs and Abu Musa in the Gulf

    Last week, the Foreign Minister of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed, renewed his country’s demand for the restoration of sovereignty over three islands in the Persian Gulf region. Responding to the statement by the UAE, Iran’s representative reiterated his country’s full sovereignty over the islands and categorically rejected any claims to the contrary. The legal dispute about ownership and sovereignty of the three islands is based on rival historical claims by both sides.

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  • Senkaku or Diaoyu(tai) islands?

    The Senkaku/Diaoyu dispute has been close to the boil for months. The Japanese prime minister, Yoshihiko Noda, took the decision to buy the islands to head off a more destabilising but popular proposal not only to acquire them but also to begin their active development. China’s reaction, including unleashing mass protests, sending ships to the area […]

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  • Hans Island : Crisis in the Arctic?

    Compared with other regions on the planet, the Arctic is warming faster. More of the Arctic is free of ice for longer periods. The possibilities for exploitation of natural resources and for control over Northern shipping lanes have prompted countries’ renewed interest in their competing claims to the region. Recently, Denmark (for Greenland) and Canada have clashed over their claims to a small, barren rock known as Hans Island.

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  • Pirates, Buccaneers and Privateers : Concepts of International Law.

    Establishing an authoritative definition of “piracy” in international law has always been rather problematic. The definition is relevant, because any confusion in terminology invariably leads to debates between State sovereignty and universal jurisdiction over crimes at sea. The various international law meanings of piracy are derived from, among others, international treaties, and various municipal law meanings are defined by statutes and State practice.

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  • Plastic Soup – What Legal Response to Marine Debris Pollution ?

    Solving the problem of marine debris and plastic pollution in the World’s oceans is a very complex and challenging enterprise. In particular, its legal framework. Various international and regional instruments, domestic and local laws and regulations apply directly or indirectly to marine debris pollution. The conspicuously global nature of this problem indicates that a potential role of significance is reserved for international environmental law. However, not all international and regional instruments are legally binding, and not all have a strong focus on marine debris and plastic pollution.

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  • Grotius in Slovenia

    Grotius’ theory on the Freedom of the Sea might help Slovenia in the dispute with Croatia over a small bay in the Adriatic. Since their independence from Yuogoslavia in 1991 they quarrel over the territorial sea delimitation in the Bay of Piran. Croatia claims that the border should be drawn in the middle of the bay, which would deny Slovenian ships direct access to the high sea…

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  • Norway and Russian Federation sign maritime delimitation agreement

    In Murmansk on Wednesday 15th September 2010 Norway and the Russian Federation signed a treaty concerning the maritime delimitation and cooperation in the Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean. The disputed territory covered 175,000 square km (67,600 sq miles), an area mainly in the Barents Sea between proven petroleum reserves on the Russian and Norwegian sides.

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  • Announcement lecture 'The law of the sea'

    On monday, June 21 2010, prof. mr. A.H.A. Soons (Utrecht university) will give a lecture on the ‘Law of the Sea’. The topics will be international maritime law in general and specific issues like piracy, overfishing and Japanese whaling. Professor Soons will also speak on disputes that states had to claim marine areas. The lecture […]

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  • The Falkland Islands Conflict

    Tensions between Argentina and the United Kingdom over the Falkland Islands came to a boiling point when the UK announced plans to begin offshore oil drilling near the remote islands in February 2010. This blog will briefly discuss this complicated dispute as well as the actions taken by both parties in the United Nations General Assembly.

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  • Mare Liberum 1609-2009

    Celebration of the 400th anniversary of Grotius’ famous book “Mare Liberum”.
    Highlight was the presentation of the first copy of a new English translation of Mare Liberum “ Hugo Grotius Mare liberum 1609-2009. Original Latin and English Translation”. Edited and annotated by Robert Feenstra, General Introduction by Jeroen Vervliet. Leiden : Brill 2009. ISBN 9789004177017.

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  • Hugo Grotius’ Mare Liberum 1609-2009

    The Hague celebrates the 400th anniversary of the publication of Hugo Grotius’ Mare Liberum (Leiden, Publishing House of Elsevier) with an extensive program of activities. It commemmorates the fact that Grotius wrote his book in The Hague with exhibitions, theater/musical plays, films, publications and lectures in museums and libraries.

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  • Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea (Romania v. Ukraine)

    On Tuesday 3 February 2009 the International Court of Justice (ICJ) rendered its Judgment in the case concerning Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea (Romania v. Ukraine). A public sitting took place at 10 a.m. at the Peace Palace in The Hague, during which the President of the Court, Judge Rosalyn Higgins, read the Court’s Judgment.

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See also

More Research guides on Droit international public (sujets spéciaux)

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