Droit international ouvrier

Introduction

Labour | Research Guide International Law

L'objectif du droit international ouvrier a pour but de régir les relations entre les employeurs et les employés, de prévoir des modes de règlement des différends pour les litiges intervenant dans le monde du travail et de fournir quelques autres types de règles. Le droit ouvrier, aussi appelé droit du travail, est la compilation de l'impressionnante quantité de lois, de règles administratives et de jurisprudence concernant tous les aspects de la relation entre employeur et employé.

Pour faire face aux problèmes nés de l'industrialisation de l'Europe au XIXe siècle, le Gallois Rober Owen et les Français Jérôme Blanqui et Daniel Legrand, entre autres, ont mis en lumière le besoin de coopération internationale pour mettre en place des normes internationales. Les raisons invoquées pour une telle coopération étaient à la fois philanthropiques et économiques. Cette coopération était nécessaire pour éradiquer la pauvreté et l'injustice, pas uniquement pour protéger les travailleurs, mais aussi pour prévenir les perturbations sociales engendrées par ces conditions. En outre, cette coopération internationale était nécessaire parce que chaque pays aurait été placé dans une situation concurrentielle désavantageuse par rapport aux autres s'il avait imposé des normes sociales plus élevées.  Finalement, ces préoccupations ont donné lieu à la création de l'Organisation internationale du travail le 11 avril 1919 en tant qu'agence affiliée à la Ligue des Nations.

Le présent guide de recherche se veut un point de départ pour mener des recherches sur le droit international ouvrier. Il fournit les textes juridiques de base disponibles à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, qu'il s'agisse de documents imprimés ou de documents sous format électronique. La section intitulée "Bibliographie sélective" présente une sélection de manuels, d'articles importants, de bibliographies, de publications périodiques, de publications en série et de documents pertinents. Des liens permettent de rejoindre le catalogue PPL. Le code de classification de la bibliothèque 156. Droit international ouvrier; Organisation internationale du travail et le mot-matière (mot-clef) Droit international ouvrier sont des instruments permettant de faire une recherche dans le catalogue. Une attention particulière est prêtée à nos inscriptions aux bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, le présent guide de recherche contient des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne présentant un intérêt particulier.

Bibliographie

Reference works

Books & Articles

Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

New titles


1. EU social security law
EU social security law : a commentary on EU regulations 883/2004 and 987/2009 / edited by Prof. Dr. Maximilian Fuchs, Prof. Dr. Rob Cornelissen. - München : C.H. Beck ; Oxford : Hart Publishing ; Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2015. - XV, 554 pages. ; 25 cm Includes bibliographical references and an index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Social security, Social policy, Community law and national law, International labour law, Commentaries,

Database

  • Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, International Labour Organization (ILO), by Heiko Sauer.
  • Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, Labour Law, International, by F.C. Ebert and C. La Hovary.
  • The ILO Library page offers information about the ILO Library in Geneva as well as centralized access to the ILO's online resources. Available resources include more than thirty databases, the ILO Thesaurus, research and topical guides, and news services.
  • NORMLEX is the information system which brings together information on International Labour Standards (such as ratification information, reporting requirements, comments of the ILO's supervisory bodies, etc.) as well as national labour and social security laws.
  • Labordoc is the ILO's database of work-related journal articles. Labordoc provides all ILO publications, as well as comprehensive coverage of work-related material from more than 500 journals. Although Labordoc's coverage is comprehensive, it is not exhaustive, as articles are selected for inclusion. Further, Labordoc focuses its collection on material related to developing nations with an emphasis on empirical literature. The site's interface is available in English, French, and Spanish.
  • LABORSTA offers statistical data for 200 countries and territories arranged by topic, country, or publication. The site also provides thorough definitions and explanations of relevant terminology and methodology. The user can retrieve data for several countries simultaneously or over a selected time period.
  • EPLex summarizes national employment protection law for more than seventy countries, focusing on seven primary topics: the source and scope of regulation, employment contracts, substantive requirements for dismissals, procedural requirements for individual dismissals, collective dismissals for economic reasons, severance pay, and avenues for redress. Within these primary categories, EPLex monitors more than fifty variables. The information is presented in a uniform questionnaire format with references to the relevant legislation. One can browse EPLex by country or by topic.
  • The NATLEX database contains information on the national labour, social security, and human rights legislation of 196 countries. NATLEX presents sources arranged by country or area of law and offers an advanced search feature. Although NATLEX itself is accessible in the ILO's three official languages (English, French, and Spanish), each source is presented in only one of the three. NATLEX is maintained by the ILO International Labour Statistics Department.
  • The TRAVAIL legal database compiles information on employment and working condition laws. The site also provides helpful infosheets and illustrative maps. The scope of TRAVAIL is limited to laws related to working time, minimum wage, and maternity protection. Unlike NATLEX, TRAVAIL summarizes the information rather than retrieving the text of the legislation. One can browse by subject or by country and can select multiple countries and subjects for quick comparisons.
  • Triblex is the case law database of the ILO Administrative Tribunal. Triblex allows users to browse Tribunal case law by session, organization or keyword. The site also features an advanced search function which allows users to search by term, date, organization, session, keyword, or judgment number. Triblex also offers the enabling statute and rules of the Administrative Tribunal.
  • The ILO's SafeWork Bookshelf site contains four important resources. First, the ILO Encyclopedia of Occupational Health an Safety offers in-depth articles on occupational hazards and conditions. The Encyclopedia is arranged by topic in 18 parts over four volumes. The fourth volume contains helpful guides which explain how to use the encyclopedia. Second, the collection of International Chemical Safety Cards presents medical and safety information on a large number of chemicals, arranged alphabetically. Third, SafeWork Bookshelf compiles ILO Conventions and Recommendations related to occupational Health and Safety. Last, ILO Codes of Practice are guides which offer recommended practices on several occupational topics. Codes are prepared by experts and approved by the Governing Body. SafeWork Bookshelf is clearly organized and easy to navigate.
  • CISDoc is a database of bibliographic information on occupational health and safety materials including regulations, ILO conventions, books, and journal articles. Because CISDoc offers only bibliographic material, the results are citations and not full text documents.

See also

More Research guides on Droit international public (sujets spéciaux)