Jeux Olympiques

Introduction

Olympic Games | Research Guide International Law

Introduction

Les Jeux Olympiques sont la plus grande compétition sportive internationale. Les Jeux Olympiques réunissent des milliers d'athlètes de niveau et les font se mesurer les uns aux autres dans un grand nombre de sports individuels et collectifs.

Le Comité International Olympique (CIO) est l'autorité suprême du Mouvement olympique. Son rôle est de promouvoir à la fois le sport de haut niveau et le sport pour tous, conformément à la Charte Olympique. Le CIO se définit lui-même comme une organisation non gouvernementale. Le CIO a décidé « de faire revivre le concept de trêve olympique à l'occasion des jeux olympiques, non seulement pour protéger autant que possible les athlètes et le sport en général, mais également pour contribuer à la recherche de solutions pacifiques et diplomatiques aux conflits. »

Le Code d'éthique du CIO a été adopté en 1999. Il a été mis à jour plusieurs fois par décision du Comité exécutif du CIO. Les conclusions et recommandations relatives aux décisions de la Commission d'éthique de la Commission ont été approuvées par le Comité exécutif du CIO.

Les Grecs anciens ont organisé les premiers Jeux Olympiques en l'an 776 avant J.C. Ils dédiaient les jeux au dieu Zeus. Seuls les hommes avaient le droit de participer. La période de quatre ans qui séparait les Jeux Olympiques entre eux était appelée Olympiade. Les Jeux Olympiques ont été interdits par l'empereur byzantin Théodose II en 394 ap. J.C.

Pierre de Frédy, Baron de Coubertin (1863-1937), éducateur et sportif français, a fait renaître les Jeux Olympiques en 1896. Ces jeux uniquement masculins se sont déroulés en 1896 à  Athènes, en Grèce. La devise olympique est « Citius, Altius, Fortius, » ce qui signifie « plus vite, plus haut, plus fort. » La tradition de la flamme olympique a vu le jour pendant les Jeux Olympiques antiques. La flamme symbolisait la mort et la renaissance des héros grecs. La torche n'était pas alors portée de relai en relai.

Le présent Guide de recherche constitue un point de départ pour mener des recherches dans le domaine des Jeux Olympiques. Il fournit la liste de tous les documents juridiques disponibles à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, sous forme imprimée et sous format électronique. Les manuels, articles de fond, bibliographies, périodiques, séries et documents particulièrement pertinents sont présentés dans le chapitre Bibliographie sélective. Ce guide comprend également des liens vers le Catalogue de la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix. Le code d'indexation dans la classification de la bibliothèque est le 167. Internationalisme et Vie internationale et le mot matière (mot-clef) Jeux Olympiques sont des outils permettant de faire des recherches dans le Catalogue. Une attention particulière a été donnée à nos inscriptions à des bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, ce Guide de recherche propose des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne particulièrement intéressantes.

 

Bibliographie

Reference works

Books

Leading articles

 Documents

Bibliographies

New titles

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Choix de bibliothécaire

  • Spaaij, R. and C. Burleson (eds.), The Olympic Movement and the Sport of Peacemaking, London, Routledge, 2013.

    Spaaij, R. and C. Burleson (eds.), The Olympic Movement and the Sport of Peacemaking, London, Routledge, 2013.

    Sport and peacemaking have evolved. It is no longer the case that the Olympic Games and war games exist in isolation from each other. Increasingly, policymakers, peacekeepers, athletes, development workers, presidents of nations and others combine forces in an "integrated" approach towards peace. This approach is located not only within the broader, historically evolved Olympic Movement but also in relation to a newly emerged social movement which promotes development and peace through sport. This book critically examines the ways in which this development is being played out at global, national and local levels, particularly in relation to the Olympic Movement and initiatives such as the biennial Olympic Truce Resolution.

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  • Karamichas, J.,The Olympic Games and the Environment, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

    Karamichas, J.,The Olympic Games and the Environment, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2013.

    Nowadays, sports Mega-events - with the Olympic Games leading the way – go to immense effort to showcase their environmental credentials. With that in mind, this book compares and contrasts the environmental credentials of four Olympic Host cities starting with Sydney 2000, the host of the first Green Summer Olympics, and culminating with London 2012. Setting out a comparative cross-national study that makes extensive use of perspectives offered by environmental sociology, this book showcases the scientific analytical vigour of this sociological sub-discipline. Since in most cases, the linkages between hosting the Games and the environment that are made by the general public and policy-makers are mostly in relation to the regeneration of the host city, this book engages with this type of environmental related contributions that can be made by Olympic Games hosting. Yet, inspired by the emphasis that the International Olympic Committee (IOC) gives on the environmental impact and legacy of Games in terms of the Ecological Modernization (EM) perspective, the book engages with the potential imbued by Olympic Games hosting for the EM of the host nation.

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  • Davis, J.A., The Olympic Games Effect: How Sports Marketing builds Strong Brands, Singapore, Wiley, 2012.

    Davis, J.A., The Olympic Games Effect: How Sports Marketing builds Strong Brands, Singapore, Wiley, 2012.

    The book delves into how, in recent years, the games have evolved into a seductively attractive vehicle for a wide range of audiences, from consumers to corporations, and the impact each Olympics had on the city and nation where the Games were hosted. From illustrations that show how the Games have become arguably the world's most successful sports event, to an explanation of the bidding process that examines the companies that have benefited from sponsoring the events, The Olympic Games Effect highlights the important lessons of past Olympics.

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  • Beacom, A., International Diplomacy and the Olympic Movement: the New Mediators, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

    Beacom, A., International Diplomacy and the Olympic Movement: the New Mediators, Basingstoke, Palgrave Macmillan, 2012.

    This book explores the relationship between diplomatic discourse and the Olympic Movement, charting its continuity and change from an historical perspective. Using the recent body of literature on diplomacy it explores the evolution of diplomatic discourse around a number of themes, in particular the increasing range of stakeholders engaged in the Olympic bid, disability advocacy and the mainstreaming of the Paralympic Games and the evolution of the Olympic boycott.

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  • Payne, M., Olympic Turnaround : How the Olympic Games Stepped Back from the Brink of Extinction to Become the World's Best Known Brand, Westport, CT, Praeger, 2006.

    Payne, M., Olympic Turnaround : How the Olympic Games Stepped Back from the Brink of Extinction to Become the World's Best Known Brand, Westport, CT, Praeger, 2006.

    Higher, faster, stronger... The Olympic motto conjures images of heroes whose achievements transcended their athletic prowess, but also of tragedy and disgrace. By 1980, the modern Olympic movement was gasping for breath, bankrupt financially, politically, and culturally. But under the leadership of Juan Antonio Samaranch, and, subsequently, Jacques Rogge, the Olympics began a journey back from the brink. Michael Payne, who served as the International Olympic Committee's top marketer for over twenty years, offers unprecedented access to the people and negotiations behind one of the most dramatic turnarounds in business or sports history (...) Turnaround is a remarkable tale of organizational renewal and a fascinating glimpse behind the curtain of the world's most iconic brand.

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  • Mestre, A.M., The law of the Olympic Games, The Hague, Asser, 2009.

    Mestre, A.M., The law of the Olympic Games, The Hague, Asser, 2009.

    This book examines, from a legal perspective, the numerous developments in the rules and institutions of the Olympic Games from the Antiquity to the Modern Era. It offers a well-informed and insightful description and explanation of the so-called Lex Olympica. The book analyses the legal and institutional aspects that arise in the Olympic Movement, like its definition, composition and general organisation, its three principal constituents, its three ‘Satellite Organisations’ and its organs.

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Database

Blogs

  • Olympic Games and the Court of Arbitration for Sport (CAS)

     This evening the XXX Olympic Games will start in London. London has organized the Olympic Games twice: in 1908 and 1948. How will the Court of Arbitration for Sports be involved in Olympic Games in general and in the London Olympics in particular? “Because the IOC and each IF seek to apply and enforce a set of uniform rules consistently […]

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  • Athletes and whereabouts

    Whereabouts are information provided by a limited number of top elite athletes about their location to the International Sport Federation or National Anti-Doping Organization that included them in their respective registered testing pool as part of these top elite athletes’anti-doping responsibilities. What does that mean? Anti-Doping Organizations are required to have out-of-competition testing on top […]

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  • Juan Antonio Samaranch (1920-2010)

    Former International Olympic Committee president Juan Antonio Samaranch has died in hospital after being taken ill at the weekend. The Spaniard was widely regarded as the most powerful man in sport when he headed the IOC from 1980 to 2001.
    His successor Jacques Rogge stated: “I cannot find the words to express the distress of the Olympic family (…) Thanks to his extraordinary vision and talent, Samaranch was the architect of a strong and unified Olympic Movement.

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See also

More Research guides on Droit international public (sujets spéciaux)