Territoire

Introduction

La question du territoire a toujours joué un un rôle central dans le système juridique international. Elle constitue le cœur de la définition de l'État, et elle est en tant que telle liée à la question de la juridiction et de l'étendue des pouvoirs que l'État peut exercer. Elle est également importante pour l'organisation de l'ordre international, car une communauté internationale basée sur l'État exige des règles qui déterminent les modes d'affectation des territoires aux États et les sanctions qui peuvent être appliquées pour la violation de l'intégrité du territoire. En outre, lorsque des États apparaissent, disparaissent  et réapparaissent sous une autre forme, les principes relatifs à la détermination des frontières sont d'une importance cruciale.

Le présent guide de recherche se veut un point de départ pour mener des recherches sur le territoire. Il fournit les textes juridiques de base disponibles à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, qu'il s'agisse de documents imprimés ou de documents sous format électronique. La section intitulée "Bibliographie sélective" présente une sélection de manuels, d'articles importants, de bibliographies, de publications périodiques, de publications en série et de documents pertinents. Des liens permettent de rejoindre le catalogue PPL. Le code de classification de la bibliothèque 68. Territoire : Ouvrages généraux et le mot-matière (mot-clef) Territoire sont des instruments permettant de faire une recherche dans le catalogue. Une attention particulière est prêtée à nos inscriptions aux bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, le présent guide de recherche contient des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne présentant un intérêt particulier.

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Choix de bibliothécaire

  • Gasparini, A. (ed.), The Walls between Conflict and Peace, Leiden; Boston, Brill, 2017.

    The Walls between Conflict and Peace discusses how walls are not merely static entities, but are in constant flux, subject to the movement of time. Walls often begin life as a line marking a radical division, but then become an area, that is to say a border, within which function civil and political societies, national and supranational societies. Such changes occur because over time cooperation between populations produces an active quest for peace, which is therefore a peace in constant movement. These are the concepts and lines of political development analysed in the book. The first part of the book deals with political walls and how they evolve into borders, or even disappear. The second part discusses possible and actual walls between empires, and also walls which may take shape within present-day empires. The third part analyses various ways of being of walls between and within states: Berlin, the Vatican State and Italy, Cyprus, Israel and Palestine, Belfast, Northern European Countries, Gorizia and Nova Gorica, the USA and Mexico. In addition, discussion centres on a possible new Iron Curtain between the two Mediterranean shores and new and different walls within the EU. The last part of the book looks at how walls and borders change as a result of cooperation between the communities on either side of them. The book takes on particular relevance in the present circumstances of the proliferation of walls between empires and states and within single states, but it also analyses processes of conflict and peace which come about as a result of walls.

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  • Foucher, M., Le retour des frontières, Paris, CNRS Editions, 2016.

    Le retour des frontières, dans les faits et les consciences, est une bonne nouvelle. À condition de l’interpréter et d’en user avec discernement. Celles-ci n’avaient jamais disparu, sauf sur nos cartes mentales de voyageur européen. Une frontière n’est pas un tracé abstrait mais une institution, et la franchir aisément ne l’annule pas. Abolir les frontières, c’est faire disparaître les États. Un monde sans frontières est un monde barbare, ce que l’horreur daechite nous a rappelé. Michel Foucher, géographe et diplomate, est titulaire de la chaire de géopolitique appliquée au Collège d’études mondiales. Il est l’auteur de L’Europe et l’avenir du monde (2009), L’obsession des frontières (2007, rééd. 2012), et plus récemment de Le retour des frontières (2016).

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  • Dröge, Ph.M.A., Moresnet: opkomst en ondergang van een vergeten buurlandje, Houten; Antwerpen, Spectrum, 2016.

    Van 1816 tot 1918 lag Moresnet aan de Nederlandse zuidgrens. Het landje had 300 inwoners, die zich in de loop van de tijd echt een volk begonnen te voelen. Ze hadden een eigen hoofdstad (het dorp Kelmis), een staatshoofd (de burgemeester) en een verdedigingsmacht (de veldwachter). De vrijheid en lage belastingen trokken duizenden avonturiers aan en Moresnet groeide uit tot een voorbeeld van hoe mensen zonder grote overheid gelukkig en welvarend konden worden. Sterker nog, de wereldvrede moest hier beginnen. Idealisten wilden er de ideale staat vestigen, met de Esperanto-naam Amikejo (Vriendschap). Philip Dröge onderzoekt het merkwaardige verhaal achter Moresnet: Hoe kon dit onwaarschijnlijke landje ontstaan? Wie woonden er? Hoe was het leven in dit staatsrechtelijke unicum? Dröge vertelt over dieven, gokkers, smokkelaars, mijnwerkers en een dromer die van Moresnet die ideale samenleving wilde maken – en daar bijna in slaagde. Philip Dröge is journalist, columnist en initiatiefnemer van het populair-wetenschappelijke persbureau FAQT. Hij schreef eerder De schaduw van Tambora dat lovend door de pers werd ontvangen, schrijft voor diverse tijdschriften en treedt geregeld op als gastspreker en commentator op radio en televisie.

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  • Kohen, M.G., Territoriality and International Law, Cheltenham, UK : Northampton, MA, USA, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016.

    The compilation of key articles and excerpts in this timely volume deals with the importance of territory for international law with regards to its relationship with power, state building and globalisation. The collection also analyses the evolution and scope of the law of acquisition of territory from colonial times to today, the emergence of new areas for the territorial expansion of states and the border delimitation rules. In addition, the selected papers investigate the impact of the human dimension, particularly the individual and collective human rights, on the way international law addresses territorial issues, including indigenous peoples and the right to self-determination.

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Database

Blogs

  • Interview: Dr. Christian Noack

    This month, our first time guest editor and colleague, Ms. Anna Duszczyk, invited Dr. Christian Noack from the University of Amsterdam, for an in-depth interview on the current crisis in Ukraine. Dr. Noack is an expert on Eastern European History, Media Studies and Slavonic Studies. In this interview, he will discuss his views on the current political situation in Ukraine and the role of Russia and the European Union in the crisis.

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  • A Justification for Russia’s Intervention?

    In the last week Russian military forces have occupied Crimea, the Ukrainian Black Sea peninsula where the majority of the population is ethnic Russian and the Russian Black Sea Fleet is deployed in the city of Sevastopol. In the Russian constitution a few articles describe circumstances where a primacy of Russian constitutional law above international law may occur. How does Russia legally justify its intervention? Guest Blog by Anna K. Duszczyk.

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  • Arctic Sovereignty: Icy Roads to the North Pole

    Canada, the US, Norway, Russia, and Denmark have been gathering scientific evidence for more than a decade in an effort to increase their continental shelf claims in the Arctic Ocean Region.The potential delimitation dispute between Canada, Russia and Denmark seems to focus on the Lomonosov Ridge. The North Pole is located about 400 nautical miles from the northernmost island of Canada, Denmark, Norway and the Russian Federation. Under international law coastal state rights over the water columns are limited to the 200 nautical mile Exclusive Economic Zone, using the state’s territorial sea baselines as starting point.

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  • Unresolved Territorial Disputes: The Tunbs and Abu Musa in the Gulf

    Last week, the Foreign Minister of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed, renewed his country’s demand for the restoration of sovereignty over three islands in the Persian Gulf region. Responding to the statement by the UAE, Iran’s representative reiterated his country’s full sovereignty over the islands and categorically rejected any claims to the contrary. The legal dispute about ownership and sovereignty of the three islands is based on rival historical claims by both sides.

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  • Bolivia’s Centenarian Maritime Claim before the International Court of Justice

    Despite losing its maritime coast, the so-called Littoral Department, after the War of the Pacific, Bolivia has historically maintained, as a state policy, a maritime claim to Chile. The claim asks for sovereign access to the Pacific Ocean and its maritime space. The Political Constitution of 2009 established that Bolivia declares its right to access to the sea, and that its objective is to solve the problem peacefully. Therefore, on 24 April 2013, Bolivia instituted proceedings against Chile before the International Court of Justice. A guest blog by Elizabeth Santalla Vargas.

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  • Falkland Islands: 'Desire the Right' of Self-Autonomy

    Monday 12 March 2013 was marked as the final day of a two-day referendum on the disputed Falkland Islands. The question to the voters was: “Do you wish the Falkland Islands to retain their current political status as an Overseas Territory of the United Kingdom?” The Residents of the Falkland Islands voted overwhelmingly to remain a British Overseas Territory. More than 99% of voters said yes, just three people voted no. Turnout was 92%. The referendum was held in an effort to fend off aggressive Argentinian claims over the South Atlantic islands.

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  • Senkaku or Diaoyu(tai) islands?

    The Senkaku/Diaoyu dispute has been close to the boil for months. The Japanese prime minister, Yoshihiko Noda, took the decision to buy the islands to head off a more destabilising but popular proposal not only to acquire them but also to begin their active development. China’s reaction, including unleashing mass protests, sending ships to the area […]

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  • Hans Island : Crisis in the Arctic?

    Compared with other regions on the planet, the Arctic is warming faster. More of the Arctic is free of ice for longer periods. The possibilities for exploitation of natural resources and for control over Northern shipping lanes have prompted countries’ renewed interest in their competing claims to the region. Recently, Denmark (for Greenland) and Canada have clashed over their claims to a small, barren rock known as Hans Island.

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  • Is Sudan set for a divorce?

    Sudan has a history of protracted conflict between the predominately Muslim north and the largely Christian south. On 9-15 January 2011, the citizens of Southern Sudan took part in a referendum to determine if they wish to become an independent state. Although South Sudan has been an autonomous region since the Comprehensive Peace Agreement (CPA) […]

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  • Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea (Romania v. Ukraine)

    On Tuesday 3 February 2009 the International Court of Justice (ICJ) rendered its Judgment in the case concerning Maritime Delimitation in the Black Sea (Romania v. Ukraine). A public sitting took place at 10 a.m. at the Peace Palace in The Hague, during which the President of the Court, Judge Rosalyn Higgins, read the Court’s Judgment.

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