Criminalité transnationale

Introduction

Transnational Crime - Research Guide International Law

La notion de "criminalité transnationale", d'un point de vue criminologique, date du milieu des années soixante-dix lorsque les États-Unis ont utilisé ce terme pour désigner certaines activités criminelles qui transcendent les juridictions nationales. En 1995, les Nations Unies ont identifié dix-huit catégories d'infractions transnationales - la plupart relevant de la criminalité organisée. La criminalité organisée était alors définie comme "les infractions dont le commencement, la prévention et/ou les effets directs ou indirects impliquent plus d'un seul pays." (UN Doc. A.CONF. 169/15/Add.1 (1995)). Les infractions énumérées comprenaient le faux monnayage, les activités terroristes, le vol d'œuvres d'art et d'objets culturels, le vol de propriété intellectuelle, le trafic d'armes illégal, la piraterie aérienne, la piraterie maritime, la fraude à l'assurance, la criminalité informatique, la criminalité environnementale, le trafic d'êtres humains, le commerce d'organes humains, le trafic illégal de drogue, la banqueroute frauduleuse, l'infiltration dans des activités légales, la corruption d'agents publics ou de membres de partis politiques. La criminalité transnationale s'est étendue de manière exponentielle avec le développement de la mondialisation et ce n'est que de manière relativement récente que certains progrès ont été réalisés par les États et les organisations internationales pour développer des mesures de lutte contre ce type de criminalité. 

Le présent guide de recherche se veut un point de départ pour mener des recherches sur la criminalité transnationale. Il fournit les textes juridiques de base disponibles à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, qu'il s'agisse de documents imprimés ou de documents sous format électronique. La section intitulée "Bibliographie sélective" présente une sélection de manuels, d'articles importants, de bibliographies, de publications périodiques, de publications en série et de documents pertinents. Des liens permettent de rejoindre le catalogue PPL. Le code de classification de la bibliothèque 250a. Infractions contre les États étrangers (Fausse monnaie, Terrorisme, etc.) et le mot-matière (mot-clef) Criminalité transnationale sont des instruments permettant de faire une recherche dans le catalogue. Une attention particulière est prêtée à nos inscriptions aux bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, le présent guide de recherche contient des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne présentant un intérêt particulier.

Bibliographie

Reference works

Books

Articles

Documents

Periodicals, serial publications

 Bibliographies

Systematic classification → International Criminal Law

New titles

Updated every Friday morning.

The Peace Palace Library has a collection of over a million publications. Each week, about six hundred new titles are added to our collection: books, articles, documents, online publications, etc. On this page, access is provided to this week’s new titles on Transnational crime.


1. Protecting Human Trafficking Victims from Criminal Liability - A Legislative Approach
Protecting Human Trafficking Victims from Criminal Liability - A Legislative Approach / Danielle "Elle" Augustson In: Georgetown Journal of Gender and the Law = ISSN 1525-6146: vol. 17, issue 2, page 625-644. - 2016
Keywords: United States of America, Human trafficking, Prostitution, Victims, Criminal liability, Transnational crime,

Database

Blogs

  • Faking it to the Next Level: Are Deep Fakes Threatening Our Democratic Society?

    On 31st July 2018, Facebook has posted an article in its Newsroom explaining how the platform is being used to manipulate the Facebook-community. 32 pages have been removed by Facebook and Instagram because they were found to be “involved in coordinated inauthentic behavior.” The manipulation of digital video and audio files, has become increasingly sophisticated and accessible. While the world is more or less accustomed to the idea of image manipulation through ‘photoshopping’, video or audio files that present people saying of doing things they never did nor said, pose a new kind of challenge to democracies and national security. Audio and video manipulation then enter a realm that is generally described as ‘deep fake’.

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  • Hide & Seek in the Art World

    When we look at a piece of art, we enter the secret world of art. When we buy a piece of art, we enter the secret world of the art market. When anonymity in the art market is about protecting privacy, it’s a legitimate ground for secrecy. When secrecy paints a picture of a thinly regulated art trade where anonymity is used as playground to shield all kinds of doubtful behaviour and ownership, it is questionable. Law firms play a crucial role in this questionable secrecy in art market. Those law firms service their clients by incorporating and operating shell companies in ‘friendly’ jurisdictions and perform money laundering services as their core business. Law firms boost their client’s assets and inject them into the legal economy, through different money laundering schemes.

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  • Honduras: A New Cocaine Trafficking Hub

    Last week Honduras adopted a law allowing the government to shoot down planes suspected of trafficking illegal drugs through the country. International drug trafficking is probably the most well known transnational organized crime. How bad is the current situation in Honduras; is it a new cocaine trafficking hub?

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  • Protecting Children from Cybercrime: Online Child Grooming

    In the Netherlands a massive case of internet child abuse has been reveiled this week. A 48 year old man has been arrested and is suspected of online child grooming and sexually abusing hundreds of girls. At least 11 girls stated they have had a meeting with the man and were sexually abused by him. The Dutch police has found 26.000 videos and 144.000 photographs during a raid on his house. The man has been active for eight years. What is online child grooming and what is the International and European policy on combating this form of cyber crime and internet abuse?

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  • Pirates, Buccaneers and Privateers : Concepts of International Law.

    Establishing an authoritative definition of “piracy” in international law has always been rather problematic. The definition is relevant, because any confusion in terminology invariably leads to debates between State sovereignty and universal jurisdiction over crimes at sea. The various international law meanings of piracy are derived from, among others, international treaties, and various municipal law meanings are defined by statutes and State practice.

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  • Victor Bout, arms dealer, extradited to USA

    Victor Bout, an interpreter and a former Russian military airforce officer suspected of arms trafficking, has been extradited to the United States of America by Thailand. Bout, also called the ‘merchant of death’, is alleged of supplying illegal weapons to various groups and regimes, such as the Taliban, the Sierra leonean Revolutionary United Front, Charles Taylor and al-Qaida.

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  • Call for an UN Piracy Tribunal

    Five Somalis are currently on trial in the Netherlands after they failed to hijack a freighter sailing under the Dutch Antilles flag in January. The pirates have expressed their satisfaction with their prison cells, and at least one of them has said he wants to stay in the Netherlands after he is released and hopes […]

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International Organisations

Research Guides

Research and Academia

Blogs

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    See also

    More Research guides on Droit pénal international

    In depth research guides on Criminalité transnationale

    Other suggestions

    Systematic classification → International Criminal Law