L'adoption en 1937 de la Convention pour la prévention et la répression du terrorisme par la Société des Nations a marqué l'entrée du terrorisme dans le champ du droit international. L'actuel cadre juridique international de la prévention et de la répression du terrorisme est apparu dans les années soixante avec l'adoption de la Convention de 1963 relative aux infractions et à certains autres actes survenant à bord des aéronefs. Ce cadre juridique est actuellement constitué de plusieurs traités et protocoles multilatéraux concernant des catégories spécifiques d'actes terroristes ainsi que de plusieurs conventions régionales sur le terrorisme international en général. Quoi qu'il en soit, une convention d'ensemble sur le terrorisme fait toujours défaut. Cela est principalement dû au manque d'accord persistant au sein des Nations Unies sur une définition commune du terrorisme international.
Le présent guide de recherche se veut un point de départ pour mener des recherches sur le terrorisme. Il fournit les textes juridiques de base disponibles à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, qu'il s'agisse de documents imprimés ou de documents sous format électronique. La section intitulée "Bibliographie sélective" présente une sélection de manuels, d'articles importants, de bibliographies, de publications périodiques, de publications en série et de documents pertinents. Des liens permettent de rejoindre le catalogue PPL. Le code de classification de la bibliothèque 250a. Infractions contre les États étrangers (Fausse monnaie, Terrorisme, etc.) et le mot-matière (mot-clef) Terrorisme sont des instruments permettant de faire une recherche dans le catalogue. Une attention particulière est prêtée à nos inscriptions aux bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, le présent guide de recherche contient des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne présentant un intérêt particulier.
Sources of international law
- Addicott, J.F., Terrorism Law: Materials, Cases, Comments (7th ed.), Tucson, AZ, Lawyers & Judges, 2014.
- Cherif Bassiouni, M. (ed.), International Terrorism: Multilateral Conventions (1937-2001), Ardsley, NY, Transnational Publishers, 2001.
- Cherif Bassiouni, M. (ed.), International Terrorism: A Compilation of U.N. Documents 1972-2001 (2 vols), Ardsley, NY, Transnational Publishers, 2002.
- Elagab, O., and Elagab, J. (eds.), International Law Documents Relating to Terrorism, London, Routledge-Cavendish, 2007.
- Europol, European Union Terrorism Situation and Trend Report, 2014.
- Friedlander, R. A. and others (eds.), Terrorism : Documents of International and Local Control, Dobbs Ferry, Oceana Publications, 1979 <2014>.
- Saul, B. (ed.), Terrorism, Oxford, Hart, 2012.
- Van den Herik, L., and Schrijver, N., Leiden Policy Recommendations on Counter-terrorism and International Law, Leiden University, 2010.
- Bates, E.S. (et al.) (eds.), Terrorism and International Law: Accountability, Remedies, and Reform, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011.
- Bianchi, A. and Naqvi, Y., International Humanitarian Law and Terrorism, Oxford, Hart, 2011.
- Bianchi, A. and Keller, A. (eds.), Counterterrorism: Democracy's Challenge, Oxford, Hart, 2008.
- Hoffman, B., Inside Terrorism, New York, NY, Columbia University Press, 2017.
- Martin, J.C., Les règles internationales relatives à la lutte contre le terrorisme, Bruxelles, Bruylant, 2006.
- Salinas de Frías, A.M., Samuel, K.L.H., and White, N.D. (eds.), Counter-Terrorism: International Law and Practice, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2012.
- Saul, B. (ed.), Research Handbook on International Law and Terrorism, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2014.
- Walker, C., Terrorism and the Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2011.
Selected books and articles
- Badde-Revue, M. and M. Ruffo de Calabre, Ethics in counter-terrorism, Leiden, Brill Nijhoff, 2018.
- Bayefsky, A.F. and L.R. Blank, Incitement to terrorism, Leiden, Brill Nijhoff, 2018.
- Chermak, S.M, and Freilich, J.D. (eds.), Transnational Terrorism, Farnham, Ashgate, 2013.
- Choi, S.-W., ‘Does Restrictive Immigration Policy Reduce Terrorism in Western Democracies?’ Perspectives on Terrorism, 12 (2018) No. 4, pp. 14-25. [PDF]
- Combs, C.C., Terrorism in the Twenty-First Century (7th ed.), Boston, MA, Pearson, 2013.
- Duffy, H., The ‘War on Terror’ and the Framework of International Law, (2nd ed.), Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015.
- Gal-Or, N., “The Formation of a Customary International Crime: Global Terrorism Human (In)Security”, International Criminal Law Review, 15 (2015), No. 4, pp. 665-699.
- Hamm, M.S., and R.F.J. Spaaij, The Age of Lone Wolf Terrorism, New York, Columbia University Press, 2017.
- Hanhimäki, J.M., and Blumenau, B. (eds.), An International History of Terrorism: Western and Non-Western Experiences, London, Routledge, 2013.
- Hegemann, H., International Counterterrorism Bureaucracies in the United Nations and the European Union, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2014.
- Herik, L. van den, and Schrijver, N. (eds.), Counter-Terrorism Strategies in a Fragmented International Legal Order: Meeting the Challenges, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.
- Kouroutakis, A., “Islamic Terrorism: The Legal Impact of the Freedom of Religion in the United States and Europe”, Boston University International Law Journal, 34 (2016), No. 1, pp. 113-148.
- Roach, K. (ed.), Comparative Counter-Terrorism Law, New York, Cambridge University Press, 2015.
- Ryder, N., The Financial War on Terror: A Review of Counter-Terrorist Financing Strategies Since 2001, London, Routledge, 2015.
- El-Said, H., New Approaches to Countering Terrorism: Designing and Evaluating Counter Radicalization and De-Radicalization Programs, Houndmills, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
- Saul, B., Defining Terrorism in International Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2006.
- Saul, B., “Old and New Terrorist Threats: What Form Will They Take and How Will States Respond?”, in M. Cherif Bassiouni, Globalization and Its Impact on the Future of Human Rights and International Criminal Justice, Cambridge, Intersentia, 2015, pp. 281-307.
- Weimann, G., Terrorism in Cyberspace: The Next Generation, Washington D.C., Woodrow Wilson Center Press, 2015.
Periodicals, serial publications
- Behavioral Sciences of Terrorism and Political Aggression: Table of Contents
- Combating Terrorism Center Sentinal: Table of Contents
- Critical Studies on Terrorism: Table of Contents
- International Journal of Cyber Warfare and Terrorism: Table of Contents
- International Studies on Terrorism (Published irregularly)
- Journal for Deradicalization: Table of Contents
- Journal of Terrorism Research: Table of Contents
- Perspectives on Terrorism: Table of Contents
- Studies in Conflict and Terrorism: Table of Contents
- Terrorism: An International Journal (Publication ceased in 1991)
- Terrorism and Political Violence: Table of Contents
- Terrorism Monitor: Table of Contents
- Kost, I., and Thyssen, H., "Terrorism and International Law: Selected Bibliography", in M.J. Glennon and S. Sur (eds.), Terrorism and International Law, Leiden, Nijhoff, 2008, pp. 699-784.
- Price, E., "Bibliography on Single Issue Terrorism", Perspectives on Terrorism, 8 (2014), No. 6.
- Price, E., “Bibliography: Foreign Fighters of Terrorism”, Perspectives on Terrorism, 9 (2015), No. 1.
- Tinnes, J., "Bibliography: Terrorism and the Media (including the Internet)(Part 2)", Perspectives on Terrorism, 8 (2014), No. 6.
- Tinnes, J., "Literature on Terrorism and the Media (including the Internet): An Extensive Bibliography”, Perspectives on Terrorism, 7 (2013), No. 1.
The Peace Palace Library has a collection of over a million publications. Each week, about six hundred new titles are added to our collection: books, articles, documents, online publications, etc. On this page, access is provided to this week’s new titles on Terrorism and related subjects.As we are right in the middle of moving to a new library system, it is not yet possible to automatically collect new titles for this Research Guide.
Choix de bibliothécaire
Hale-Ross, S., Digital Privacy, Terrorism and Law Enforcement : The UK's Response to Terrorist Communication, London, Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2019.View this title in our discovery service
This book examines the UK's response to terrorist communication. Its principle question asks, has individual privacy and collective security been successfully managed and balanced? The author begins by assessing several technologically-based problems facing British law enforcement agencies, including use of the Internet; the existence of `darknet'; untraceable Internet telephone calls and messages; smart encrypted device direct messaging applications; and commercially available encryption software. These problems are then related to the traceability and typecasting of potential terrorists, showing that law enforcement agencies are searching for needles in the ever-expanding haystacks. To this end, the book examines the bulk powers of digital surveillance introduced by the Investigatory Powers Act 2016. The book then moves on to assess whether these new powers and the new legislative safeguards introduced are compatible with international human rights standards.
The author creates a `digital rights criterion' from which to challenge the bulk surveillance powers against human rights norms. Lord Carlile of Berriew CBE QC in recommending this book notes this particular legal advancement, commenting that rightly so the author concludes the UK has fairly balanced individual privacy with collective security.
The book further analyses the potential impact on intelligence exchange between the EU and the UK, following Brexit. Using the US as a case study, the book shows that UK laws must remain within the ambit of EU law and the Court of Justice of the European Union's (CJEU's) jurisprudence, to maintain the effectiveness of the exchange. It addresses the topics with regard to terrorism and counterterrorism methods and will be of interest to researchers, academics, professionals, and students researching counterterrorism and digital electronic communications, international human rights, data protection, and international intelligence exchange.
Badde-Revue, M. and M. Ruffo de Calabre, Ethics in Counter-Terrorism, Leiden, Brill Nijhoff, 2018.European armed forces have frequently had to participate in counter-terrorist operations while abroad. For many, however, counter-terrorist operations in their home country are a relatively new phenomenon. Armed and uniformed soldiers can now be seen doing work which is, in some respects, comparable to that of the civilian security forces. What are the ethical implications of this phenomenon? To what extent does it change the relationship between the soldier and the democratic state? Do emerging technologies encroach on democratic freedoms? Does the phenomenon re-define the relationship between the police and the military? Under what conditions can soldiers be trained to achieve victory by force of arms, be used effectively in crowded city centres? Conversely, do we also risk over-militarising our police?
Bayefsky, A.F. and L.R. Blank, Incitement to terrorism, Leiden, Brill Nijhoff, 2018.Incitement to terrorism connects the dots between evil words and evil deeds. Hate precedes terror. History has already taught us that incitement to genocide and to crimes against humanity unchecked will inevitably bring devastation to humankind. Incitement is an affront to the dignity of its victims, and poses a dire threat to all people of good will. However, combating incitement to terrorism poses operational, constitutional and human rights challenges on many fronts, both domestically and internationally. What is incitement? Where should the line be drawn between protected speech and incitement that should be criminalized? Does war change the calculus of what are appropriate and lawful measures to contain and respond to such incitement? And, how does social media and the nature of communication and engagement in our virtual world change or complicate how we think about, and can respond to, incitement?
This compilation offers expert analysis on incitement to terrorism across these challenging issues and questions. The contributors bring expertise from a range of countries and operational experiences, providing an illuminating and thought-provoking examination of domestic and international law, comparative approaches, and emerging trends with respect to incitement to terrorism.
- Country Reports on Terrorism, USA Department of State
- Database of Worldwide Terrorism Incidents, Research and Development Corporation
- Electronic Legal Resources on International Terrorism, United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
- Foreign Fighters and European Responses, European Parliamentary Research Service
- Foreign Terrorist Organizations, USA Department of State
- Global Terrorism Database
- International Counterterrorism Efforts, Harvard Law School Program on International Law and Armed Conflict
- Proscribed Terror Groups or Organisations, UK Government
- Research Database Terrorism, Counterterrorism and Radicalization, Leiden University
- Terrorism, Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law (Access through PPL Database)
- Terrorism Guide Website, USA National Counterterrorism Center
- Terrorism Publications, Council of Foreign Relations
- Text and Status of the United Nations Conventions on Terrorism, United Nations Treaty Collection
- Weapons of Mass Destruction Terrorism Database, Monterey Terrorism Research and Education Program
Targeted Killing of European Foreign Terrorist Fighters in Syria and Iraq
In recent years, a significant number of European nationals have travelled to Syria or Iraq to train and fight with terrorist groups such as the Islamic State (IS). This flow of foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) has posed serious security concerns for Europe, in particular with regards to the threat posed by FTFs returning to Europe to carry out terrorist attacks. In this context, it appears that a number of States have resorted to targeted strikes against their citizens in Syria and Iraq.Read more
Are Syria and Iraq the Middle Eastern Bloodlands?
Deir az-Zor is a sleepy town on the banks of the Euphrates in the Syrian desert, and did not ring much of a bell for most non-Syrians. Except for Armenians. During the 1915 Armenian Genocide, the Ottoman government deported hundreds of thousands of Ottoman Armenians to Deir az-Zor, where they were left to die or were killed outright. A German diplomat who was stationed in that area wrote that the Armenians were “slaughtered like sheep”. To the casual observer this looked allegorical or even hyperbolical, in any case unreal, removed far away in geography, time, and culture. Until recent times, when ISIS videos surfaced online. And again the desert soil of Deir az-Zor shone red with blood, and once more the word ‘Deir az-Zor’ served as a symbol of bloodshed.Read more
Coalition against Islamic State: Too Many Obstacles?
After weeks of fighting, Islamic State succeeded in taking over the Iraqi city of Ramadi and it currently controls large parts of the al-Anbar province, which borders on Jordan, Syria and Saudi Arabia. Almost 25,000 residents have fled Ramadi. This week Islamic State also overran Syrian government troops to seize Palmyra (Homs province, Syria), home to the ruins of a 2,000-year-old city that was one of the most important cultural centers of the ancient world.The U.N. human rights office in Geneva said a third of Palmyra’s 200,000 residents may have fled the fighting in the past few days.Read more
Nuclear security: Dangers and Achievements
Nuclear security is generally accepted to mean “the prevention of, detection of, and response to, criminal or intentional unauthorized acts involving or directed at nuclear material, other radioactive material, associated facilities, or associated activities”. In short it is about preventing terrorists from acquiring radioactive material or attacking nuclear facilities. Since the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, nuclear security concerns have been heightened, but how real is the danger and what are the legal instruments to combat nuclear terrorism?Read more
Colombia: At Last Peace with the FARC?
Columbia’s fourth attempt at peace with the Revolutionary Forces of Colombia (FARC) started formally last month in Oslo and will continue the 15th of November in Havana, Cuba. The earlier attempts- starting in 1984, 1990 and 1998- to end one of Latin America’s longest and bloodiest armed conflict all failed. Why would the outcome of the peace talks this time be different?Read more
Homeland, Zero Dark Thirty and Jack Bauer: Rendition, Torture and the Demise of American Values
The latest in a series of Hollywood productions which reopened a debate about torture and extraordinary rendition is Zero Dark Thirty. Real life variations of Hollywood-scenarios have been unfolding as the US government has engaged in a program of extraordinary rendition since the Clinton Administration and which became widespread under the Bush Administration following the September 11 terrorist attacks.This blog examines Obama’s policy towards torture and (extraordinary) rendition.Read more
- Centre for Terrorism and Counterterrorism, Leiden University
- European Union Counter-Terrorism Strategy
- Global Center on Cooperative Security
- Global Counterterrorism Forum
- Inter-American Committee against Terrorism
- International Centre for Counter-Terrorism
- International Institute for Counter-Terrorism
- North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe
- Terrorism Prevention Branch of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime
- United Nations Action to Counter Terrorism
- United Nations Counter-Terrorism Implementation Task Force
- United Nations Security Council Counter-Terrorism Committee
- 100 Core and Periphery Journals for Terrorism Research, Perspectives on Terrorism Journal (Last updated: Spring 2013)
- Cases and Materials on Terrorism, Hauser Global Law School Program (Last updated: May, 2006)
- Counter-Terrorism, United Nations Dag Hammarskjöld Library (Last updated: December 8, 2015)
- Terrorism, Military Education Research Library Network (Last updated: November 4, 2015)
- Terrorism, New England School of Law Library (Last updated: May 11, 2015)
- Terrorism, University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign (Last updated: December 8, 2015)
- Terrorism Bookshelf: Top 150 Books on Terrorism and Counterterrorism, Perspectives on Terrorism Journal (Last updated: Spring 2012)
- Terrorism Prevention, United Nations Library (Last updated: October 19, 2015)
Research and Academia
- Centre for Terrorism and Counterterrorism, Leiden University
- Center for Terrorism and Security Studies, UMass Lowell University
- Combating Terrorism Center
- Global Terrorism Research Centre, Monash University
- The Handa Centre for the Study of Terrorism and Political Violence
- International Terrorism and Security Research
- Internet Websites and Links for (Counter-)Terrorism Research, Perspectives on Terrorism Journal
- Maritime Terrorism Research Center
- National Consortium for the Study of Terrorism and Responses to Terrorism, USA Department of Homeland Security Center of Excellence
- Society for Terrorism Research
- Terrorism Research & Analysis Consortium
- Terrorism Research Center
- Terrorism Research Initiative