Paix et sécurité internationales

Introduction

International Peace and Security - Research Guide International Law

De nos jours, de nombreuses organisations internationales et régionales sont impliquées dans des activités de rétablissement de la paix, d'imposition de la paix et de maintien de la paix : Nations Unies, Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord, Organisation pour la sécurité et la coopération en Europe, Union africaine, Union européenne, etc. Elles envoient des forces multinationales dans les différentes zones de conflit. Alors que l'expression "sécurité collective" n'apparaît pas dans la Charte des Nations Unies, elle est souvent utilisée pour désigner le système de maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationale en application de la Charte des Nations Unies et des mesures correspondantes des organisations régionales.  Selon la Charte des Nations Unies, celles-ci ont pour principale responsabilité de "maintenir la paix et la sécurité internationales et à cette fin : prendre des mesures collectives efficaces en vue de prévenir et d'écarter les menaces à la paix et de réprimer tout acte d'agression ou autre rupture de la paix (...)" (Art.1 (1) Charte ONU). Si elles constatent l'existence d'une menace contre la paix, d'une rupture de la paix ou d'un acte d'agression, le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU fait des recommandations ou décide quelles mesures seront prises pour maintenir ou rétablir la paix et la sécurité internationales.

 Le présent guide de recherche se veut un point de départ pour mener des recherches en matière de paix et de sécurité internationales. Il fournit les textes de base disponible à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, qu'il s'agisse de documents imprimés ou de documents sous format électronique. La section intitulée "Bibliographie sélective" présente une sélection de manuels, d'articles importants, de bibliographies, de publications périodiques, de publications en série et de documents pertinents. Des liens permettent de rejoindre le catalogue PPL. Le code de classification de la bibliothèque 179. Paix et sécurité internationales et le mot-matière (mot-clef) Sécurité internationale sont des instruments permettant de faire une recherche dans le catalogue. Une attention particulière est prêtée à nos inscriptions aux bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, le présent guide de recherche contient des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne présentant un intérêt particulier.

Bibliographie

Reference works

Books

Leading articles

Documents

Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

Systematic classification → Peace and Security, Intervention, Use of Force

New titles


1. Ethics, law and justifying targeted killings
Ethics, law and justifying targeted killings : the Obama administration at war / Jack McDonald. - London ; New York, NY : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2017. - IX, 204 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Contemporary security studies) Bibliography: pages 182-201. - Includes bibliographical references and an index. - 2017
Keywords: United States of America, Targeted killings, Ethics, Politics, Government,

2. The NGO game
The NGO game : post-conflict peacebuilding in the Balkans and beyond / Patrice C. McMahon. - Ithaca, New York : Cornell University Press, 2017. - XIV, 221 pages. : illustrations. ; 24 cm Includes bibliographical references and an index. - 2017
Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Non-governmental organizations, Peacebuilding, Post-conflict reconstruction,

3. Local ownership in international peacebuilding
Local ownership in international peacebuilding : key theoretical and practical issues / edited by Sung Yong Lee and Alpaslan Özerdem. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group, 2015. - XI, 220 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Studies in conflict, development and peacebuilding) Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2015
Keywords: Peacebuilding, Property,

4. Resolving Disputes and Improving Security in Post-Conflict Settings: an Example from Liberia
Resolving Disputes and Improving Security in Post-Conflict Settings: an Example from Liberia / Jessica Vapnek, Alfred Fofie, Peter Boaz In: Arbitration = ISSN 0003-7877: vol. 83, issue 3, page 288-301. - 2017
Keywords: Liberia, United States of America, National security, Post-conflict reconstruction, Land ownership, Conflict resolution,

5. Generalidades del conflicto, los procesos de paz y el poscoflicto
Generalidades del conflicto, los procesos de paz y el poscoflicto / Aurymayerly Acevedo Suárez, Zaida Maritza Rojas Castillo In: Revista de la Facultad de Derecho y Ciencias Políticas, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana = ISSN 0120-3886: vol. 46, issue 124 (jan-jun), page 33-45. - 2016
Keywords: Peace process, Post-conflict reconstruction, Peacebuilding,

6. Legal Papers and the Practice of Protecting the International Peace Mission Personnel in Indonesia
Legal Papers and the Practice of Protecting the International Peace Mission Personnel in Indonesia / Muhammad Putra Iqbal In: Jurnul hukum internasional = Indonesian Journal of International Law = ISSN 1693-5594: vol. 12, issue 4, page 474-488. - 2015
Keywords: Indonesia, Peacebuilding, Peacekeeping, Special missions,

7. Local ownership as a strategic guideline for peacebuilding
Local ownership as a strategic guideline for peacebuilding / Hideaki Shinoda. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Pages 19-38 In: Local ownership in international peacebuilding : key theoretical and practical issues / edited by Sung Yong Lee and Alpaslan Özerdem, ISBN 9781138787544: (2015), Pages 19-38. - 2015
Keywords: Peacebuilding, Property,

8. Operationalising local ownership
Operationalising local ownership / Timothy Donais. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Pages 39-54 In: Local ownership in international peacebuilding : key theoretical and practical issues / edited by Sung Yong Lee and Alpaslan Özerdem, ISBN 9781138787544: (2015), Pages 39-54. - 2015
Keywords: Peacebuilding, Property,

9. Complex challenges facing contemporary local ownership programmes
Complex challenges facing contemporary local ownership programmes : a case study of South Sudan / Alex Mackenzie-Smith. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Pages 55-73 In: Local ownership in international peacebuilding : key theoretical and practical issues / edited by Sung Yong Lee and Alpaslan Özerdem, ISBN 9781138787544: (2015), Pages 55-73. - 2015
Keywords: South Sudan, Peacebuilding, Property,

10. Hybrid local ownership in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo
Hybrid local ownership in Bosnia-Herzegovina and Kosovo : from discursive to material aspects of ownership / Stefanie Kappler and Nicolas Lemay-Hébert. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Pages 74-92 In: Local ownership in international peacebuilding : key theoretical and practical issues / edited by Sung Yong Lee and Alpaslan Özerdem, ISBN 9781138787544: (2015), Pages 74-92. - 2015
Keywords: Bosnia and Herzegovina, Peacebuilding, Property,

11. The dilemmas of local ownership of upper-level and grassroots peace processes in Afghanistan
The dilemmas of local ownership of upper-level and grassroots peace processes in Afghanistan / Chuck Thiessen. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Pages 95-115 In: Local ownership in international peacebuilding : key theoretical and practical issues / edited by Sung Yong Lee and Alpaslan Özerdem, ISBN 9781138787544: (2015), Pages 95-115. - 2015
Keywords: Afghanistan, Peacebuilding, Property,

12. Peacebuilding and local ownership
Peacebuilding and local ownership : who owned the reconciliation process in post-conflict Nicaragua? / Manuela Nilsson. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Pages 116-134 In: Local ownership in international peacebuilding : key theoretical and practical issues / edited by Sung Yong Lee and Alpaslan Özerdem, ISBN 9781138787544: (2015), Pages 116-134. - 2015
Keywords: Nicaragua, Peacebuilding, Property,

13. Nurturing local voice
Nurturing local voice : the UNDP's local empowerment programmes in Cambodia / Sung Yong Lee and WookBeom Park. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Pages 135-155 In: Local ownership in international peacebuilding : key theoretical and practical issues / edited by Sung Yong Lee and Alpaslan Özerdem, ISBN 9781138787544: (2015), Pages 135-155. - 2015
Keywords: Cambodia, United Nations Development Programme, Peacebuilding, Property,

14. Ownership of international peacebuilding programmes by local governance institutions
Ownership of international peacebuilding programmes by local governance institutions : case study of Gulu district in Northern Uganda / Adolf Norbert Gerstl. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Pages 156-177 In: Local ownership in international peacebuilding : key theoretical and practical issues / edited by Sung Yong Lee and Alpaslan Özerdem, ISBN 9781138787544: (2015), Pages 156-177. - 2015
Keywords: Uganda, Peacebuilding, Property,

15. Challenges to promoting local ownership in post-war Sri Lanka
Challenges to promoting local ownership in post-war Sri Lanka / Rahmathullah Mohamed. - London ; New York : Routledge, Taylor & Francis Group. - Pages 178-194 In: Local ownership in international peacebuilding : key theoretical and practical issues / edited by Sung Yong Lee and Alpaslan Özerdem, ISBN 9781138787544: (2015), Pages 178-194. - 2015
Keywords: Sri Lanka, Peacebuilding, Property,

16. The Evolution of Arms Control Instruments and the Potential of the Arms Trade Treaty
The Evolution of Arms Control Instruments and the Potential of the Arms Trade Treaty / Tom Coppen In: Goettingen Journal of International Law = ISSN 1868-1581: vol. 7, issue 2, page 353-382. - 2016
Keywords: Arms control, Arms trade, International instruments,

17. 'Omnus et Singulatim’: Establishing the Relationship Between Transitional Justice and Neoliberalism
'Omnus et Singulatim’: Establishing the Relationship Between Transitional Justice and Neoliberalism / Josh Bowsher In: Law and Critique = ISSN 1572-8617: vol. 29, issue 1, page 83-106. - 2018
Keywords: Transitional justice, Neoliberalism,

18. Human Rights and Peacebuilding: Complementary and Contradictory, Complex and Contingent
Human Rights and Peacebuilding: Complementary and Contradictory, Complex and Contingent / Michelle Parlevliet In: Journal of Human Rights Practice = ISSN 1757-9627: vol. 9, issue 3, page 333–357. - 2017
Keywords: Human rights, Peacebuilding,

19. Peace Settlements and Human Rights: A Post-Cold War Circular History
Peace Settlements and Human Rights: A Post-Cold War Circular History / Christine Bell In: Journal of Human Rights Practice = ISSN 1757-9627: vol. 9, issue 3, page 358–378. - 2017
Keywords: Peace process, Human rights, Peacebuilding, Conflict prevention,

20. ‘From the Normative to the Transformative’: Defining and Promoting Justice and Human Rights as Part of Violent Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding
‘From the Normative to the Transformative’: Defining and Promoting Justice and Human Rights as Part of Violent Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding / Graeme Simpson In: Journal of Human Rights Practice = ISSN 1757-9627: vol. 9, issue 3, page 379–400. - 2017
Keywords: Peacebuilding, Human rights, Criminal justice, Conflict prevention,

21. Peace, Governance and Rule of Law, and Transitional Justice: Interrogating the Connections
Peace, Governance and Rule of Law, and Transitional Justice: Interrogating the Connections / Chandra Lekha Sriram In: Journal of Human Rights Practice = ISSN 1757-9627: vol. 9, issue 3, page 424–430. - 2017
Keywords: Peacebuilding, Transitional justice, Rule of law,

22. Responsibility to Protect: Time to Reassess
Responsibility to Protect: Time to Reassess / Eileen F Babbitt In: Journal of Human Rights Practice = ISSN 1757-9627: vol. 9, issue 3, page 431–435. - 2017
Keywords: Responsibility to protect, Humanitarian intervention,

23. Challenges of Post Peace Agreement Constitution Making: Some Lessons from Nepal
Challenges of Post Peace Agreement Constitution Making: Some Lessons from Nepal / Rohan Edrisinha In: Journal of Human Rights Practice = ISSN 1757-9627: vol. 9, issue 3, page 436–446. - 2017
Keywords: Nepal, Peace process, Constitutional law, Reform, Peacebuilding,

24. Spinning the Web: Grassroots Human Rights Work Inspired by Peacebuilding Approaches
Spinning the Web: Grassroots Human Rights Work Inspired by Peacebuilding Approaches / Maureen Sibanda Shonge In: Journal of Human Rights Practice = ISSN 1757-9627: vol. 9, issue 3, page 447–456. - 2017
Keywords: Zimbabwe, Human rights, Peacebuilding,

25. Prosecuting U.N. Peacekeepers for Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in the Central African Republic (Note)
Prosecuting U.N. Peacekeepers for Sexual and Gender-Based Violence in the Central African Republic (Note) / Sophia Genovese In: Brooklyn journal of international law = ISSN 0740-4824: vol. 43, issue 2, page 609-637. - 2018
Keywords: Central African Republic, United Nations, Peacekeeping, Sex crimes, Criminal liability, State responsibility,

26. La aplicación de la Agenda Mujeres, Paz y Seguridad en los procesos de paz: La participación de las mujeres en la prevención y resolución de conflictos
La aplicación de la Agenda Mujeres, Paz y Seguridad en los procesos de paz: La participación de las mujeres en la prevención y resolución de conflictos / Millán Requena Casanova In: Revista electrónica de estudios internacionales = ISSN 1697-5197: (2017), issue 34 (dec), page 1-37. - 2017
Keywords: United Nations, Security Council, Peace process, Conflict prevention, Women, Equality,

Choix de bibliothécaire

  • Hathaway, O.A. and S.J. Shapiro, The Internationalists and Their Plan to Outlaw War, London, Allen Lane, 2017.

    A bold and provocative history of the men who fought to outlaw war and how an often overlooked treaty signed in 1928 was among the most transformative events in modern history. On a hot summer afternoon in 1928, the leaders of the world assembled in Paris to outlaw war. Within the year, the treaty signed that day, known as the Peace Pact, had been ratified by nearly every state in the world. War, for the first time in history, had become illegal the world over. But the promise of that summer day was fleeting. Within a decade of its signing, each state that had gathered in Paris to renounce war was at war. And in the century that followed, the Peace Pact was dismissed as an act of folly and an unmistakable failure. This book argues that that understanding is inaccurate, and that the Peace Pact ushered in a sustained march toward peace that lasts to this day. The Internationalists tells the story of the Peace Pact by placing it in the long history of international law from the seventeenth century through the present, tracing this rich history through a fascinating and diverse array of lawyers, politicians and intellectuals—Hugo Grotius, Nishi Amane, Salmon Levinson, James Shotwell, Sumner Welles, Carl Schmitt, Hersch Lauterpacht, and Sayyid Qutb. It tells of a centuries-long struggle of ideas over the role of war in a just world order. It details the brutal world of conflict the Peace Pact helped extinguish, and the subsequent era where tariffs and sanctions take the place of tanks and gunships. The Internationalists examines with renewed appreciation an international system that has outlawed wars of aggression and brought unprecedented stability to the world map. Accessible and gripping, this book will change the way we view the history of the twentieth century—and how we must work together to protect the global order the internationalists fought to make possible.
    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Ganser, D., Illegale Kriege: wie die NATO-Länder die UNO sabotieren: eine Chronik von Kuba bis Syrien, Zürich, Orell Füssli Verlag, 2017.

    Wahre Männer müssen kämpfen und „ihre“ Frauen beschützen. Solche Ideale haben in Krisen- und Konfliktzeiten Hochkonjunktur. Dieses Buch zeigt wie es gelingt, Männlichkeitsvorstellungen zu schaffen, die sich von Nationalismus, Gewalt und Sexismus abgrenzen und die sich nicht im „luftleeren Raum“ bewegen. Die Autorin untersucht dies anhand von zivilgesellschaftlichen Friedensprojekten in Bosnien-Herzegowina, Serbien und Kroatien. Männlichkeitsideale sind nicht nur für Friedens- und Konflikttheorien relevant, sondern auch für die Praxis des Peacebuilding. Die Autorin legt gender- bzw. männlichkeitsorientierte Gütekriterien vor. Sie erprobt ein Modell der Evaluation von Friedensarbeit, das über eine reine Orientierung an Wirkungen hinausgeht.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet

Database

Subscription-based

Free access

Language of Peace is a research tool providing access to around 1000 peace agreements concluded in the post-WWII era, categorized article by article according to the issues they address, from ceasefires through human rights to power sharing. Through this innovative tool, users can search agreements according to 226 issues, organized under 26 main issue headings, and refine their results through a number of filters, such as parties/witnesses, region, date range and conflict type, or make use of the word search function. Search results can subsequently be bookmarked and exported in either PDF or DOCX format. Furthermore, in order to provide information about the broader context of provisions on a particular issue, Language of Peace is linked to the UN Peacemaker database, which contains full text PDF documents of the agreements. Language of Peace was developed as part of the Legal Tools for Peace-Making project at the University of Cambridge, in collaboration with the United Nations Department of Political Affairs; the website was designed and developed by PASTPRESENTFUTURE. The project is funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council.

UN Peacemaker is an online mediation support tool developed by the Mediation Support Unit (MSU) in the Policy and Mediation Division of the Department of Political Affairs (DPA). Intended for peacemaking professionals, it includes an extensive database of peace agreements, guidance material and information on the UN’s mediation support services. UN Peacemaker is part of the UN’s overall effort to provide advice and support to the Secretary-General and his Representatives in their efforts to resolve international disputes and internal conflicts. It is also intended to be useful to UN partners actively engaged in peacemaking efforts, including Member States, regional organisations, civil society, non-governmental organisations and national mediators.

Blogs

  • Perspectives on Mass Violence: Peace and Conflict Studies and Genocide Studies Compared

    This week’s compelling guest blog compares the fields of Conflict Studies with Genocide Studies, its intriguing differences and similarities and the general lack of cross-pollination between them, even though they both deal with questions of collective violence and individual participation in violence. The author, Kjell Anderson, is a jurist and social scientist and works in both fields of Conflict Studies and Genocide studies.

    Read more
  • What are Peace Museums? Lecture by Joyce Apsel

    What are Peace Museums? How are they distinct from War Museums? Is there overlap?

    Location: Peace Palace Library. Date: 2 March 2018. Time: 16:45 – 18:00 (CET)

    Dr Joyce Apsel is Professor of Liberal Studies and lectures on International Human Rights, Human Rights & the Environment, Global Violence at New York University. She is also President of the Institute for the Study of Genocide. In her talk Joyce Apsel will provide images from a range of peace museums and discuss the images, narratives and education which promote cultures of peace.

    Read more
  • U.S. Nuclear Strategy

    30 January 2018, U.S. President Trump, during his State of the Union speech, called for a nuclear arsenal “so strong and powerful that it will deter any acts of aggression.”

    The President made clear that his first priority is to protect the United States, allies, and partners. The 2018 Nuclear Posture Review (2018 NPR) lays out important policy changes with regard to U.S. nuclear weapons. The renewal of its nuclear forces will have huge implications for the security of the country and its allies, its public finances and the salience of nuclear weapons in global politics. While the United States has continued to reduce the number and salience of nuclear weapons, others, including Russia and China, have moved in the opposite direction.

    Read more
  • From Classic Wars to Hybrid Warfare

    Thinking about wars people used to see battlefields with tanks, trenches, armies with conventional weapons, uniformed soldiers under strict hierarchical military command structure (‘Befehl ist Befehl’). Wars between nation-states were waged conform international (humantarian) law (Geneva Conventions 1949), in line with Clausewitz’s military theories. However, the concept of warfare is changing rapidly. The war of the Western coalition against Islamic State for instance, is an asymmetrical conflict. If all the jihadi’s would be competing with all Western allied forces on one battlefield, the battle would be over in no time. That’s why Islamic State uses insurgency and hit and run guerrilla-tactics, avoiding army-to-army confrontations.

    Read more
  • Are Syria and Iraq the Middle Eastern Bloodlands?

    Deir az-Zor is a sleepy town on the banks of the Euphrates in the Syrian desert, and did not ring much of a bell for most non-Syrians. Except for Armenians. During the 1915 Armenian Genocide, the Ottoman government deported hundreds of thousands of Ottoman Armenians to Deir az-Zor, where they were left to die or were killed outright. A German diplomat who was stationed in that area wrote that the Armenians were “slaughtered like sheep”. To the casual observer this looked allegorical or even hyperbolical, in any case unreal, removed far away in geography, time, and culture. Until recent times, when ISIS videos surfaced online. And again the desert soil of Deir az-Zor shone red with blood, and once more the word ‘Deir az-Zor’ served as a symbol of bloodshed.

    Read more
  • The Raid on the Medway, 1667: Forcing Peace at Breda

    350 Years ago, the Treaty of Breda was signed at the Dutch city of Breda, 31 July, 1667, by England, the Dutch Republic, France, and Denmark-Norway. It brought a hasty end to the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665-1667) in favour of the Dutch. It was a typical quick uti possidetis treaty. In the latter stages of the war, the Dutch had prevailed. Lieutenant-Admiral-General Michiel de Ruyter virtually controlled the seas around the south coast of England. His presence encouraged English commissioners to sue for peace quickly. Negotiations, which had been long protracted, and had actually begun in Breda before the raid, took only ten days to conclude after resumption of talks.

    Read more
  • Peace Weekend Celebrations – International Rule of Law?

    This weekend The Hague will celebrate the International Day of Peace, September 21st, with a designated ‘Peace Weekend’.

    The celebrations vary from a peace run (with a Peace Palace team) to The Hague Open Doors Event, where the Peace Palace Library, together with the other international organizations of The Hague, will open their doors to the public.

    Read more
  • Nuclear Deal, Sanctions, Nuclear Diplomacy

    After nearly two years of arduous negotiations a comprehensive agreement on the nuclear program of Iran was signed in Vienna on 14 July 2015. In exchange for reducing Iran’s nuclear activities drastically, the United States and the European Union would lift their nuclear-related sanctions on the Iranian economy. Most countries and international organizations welcomed the agreement. Will U.S. President Obama be remembered as initiator of this ‘historic’ deal? The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is a nuclear agreement signed in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germany), and the European Union.

    Read more
  • Coalition against Islamic State: Too Many Obstacles?

    After weeks of fighting, Islamic State succeeded in taking over the Iraqi city of Ramadi and it currently controls large parts of the al-Anbar province, which borders on Jordan, Syria and Saudi Arabia. Almost 25,000 residents have fled Ramadi. This week Islamic State also overran Syrian government troops to seize Palmyra (Homs province, Syria), home to the ruins of a 2,000-year-old city that was one of the most important cultural centers of the ancient world.The U.N. human rights office in Geneva said a third of Palmyra’s 200,000 residents may have fled the fighting in the past few days.

    Read more
  • Drones Deployed during War raise Various Legal and Ethical Questions

    Drones can be used for many different purposes. The use of drones raises various legal and ethical questions ranging from humanitarian to privacy issues. The Peace and Security Salon of 9 April discussed these questions in the context of the deployment of armed drones and robots during wartime. Three specialists each discussed the use of drones from a different background.

    Read more
  • Drones and Robots as Means of Modern Warfare

    Several aspects of autonomous weapons systems and the deployment of drones during warfare will be discussed during the upcoming Peace and Security Salon: “Drones and Robots as means of modern warfare” which will be held at the Peace Palace Library on Thursday, the 9th of april. The use of drones as a weapons system has increased exponentially in recent years and this has given rise to a significant degree of controversy and a number of specific questions relating to their use. Questions which arise in relation to drones and autonomous weapons systems include whether they are in conformity with or potentially capable of complying with IHL requirements in conditions of contemporary warfare, issues of accountability and responsibility and ethical questions.

    Read more
  • Africa's Peacemakers: Nobel Peace Laureates

    As Africa and its diaspora commemorate fifty years of post-independence Pan-Africanism, Adekeye Adebajo’s new book ‘Africa’s Peace Makers: Nobel Peace Laureates of African Descent’ provides profound insight into the thirteen prominent individuals of African descent who have won the Nobel Peace Prize since 1950. These laureates have been variously involved in women’s rights, environmental protection, and nuclear disarmament. ‘Africa’s Peacemakers’ reveals how this remarkable collection of individuals has changed the world.

    Read more
  • Palestine in the International Criminal Court: impact and consequences!

    The year 2014 ended with a cliff-hanger for the Israeli-Palestinian question. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas signed the Rome Statute on New Year’s eve, a day after a UN resolution mandating Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank failed to pass at the Security Council. As a result, on 6 January 2015, the UN secretary-general confirmed by an official note that Palestine will accede to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court on April 1, 2015. In this blog I will explain the meaning of the Palestinian accession, the procedure of preliminary examination by the International Criminal Court and possible consequences for the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.

    Read more
  • The Youth Peace Initiative 2014 and the Roadmap to Israeli-Palestinian Permanent Peace!

    Between 11 and 18 October the Youth Peace Initiative 2014 took place in The Hague, international City of Peace and Justice. The Youth Peace Initiative 2014 (YPI 2014) has been set up to get Israeli and Palestinian youth involved with the current peace negotiations between their nations. The YPI 2014 participants discussed and deliberated a whole week to achieve consensus on ideas and solutions for the peace process.

    Read more
  • Extending the Coalition against Islamic State

    Yesterday, Turkey’s parliament has backed a motion that could allow its military to enter Iraq and Syria to join the campaign against Islamic State (IS) militants. While Arab countries including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Bahrain and Qatar have quickly joined the bombing campaign, Washington’s traditional Western allies had been slow to answer the call from U.S. President Barack Obama. France was the first Western country to respond, but this week national parliaments in the United Kingdom, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark and Australia have approved to join the global coalition against Islamic State too.

    Read more
  • Modern Technology and Its Potential Role in Peace Building and Conflict Prevention

    On August 20, the Hague Institute for Global Justice organized a high level panel on ‘Peace Technologies’ together with the newly established Peace Informatics Lab of Leiden Univeristy. A discussion was held between experts from civil society groups, governmental institutions, academia and the private sector to exchange ideas and examine what role modern technology can play in peace processes or in the prevention of conflicts. The event was an important opportunity to share knowledge in what is considered to be a revolutionary field. This blog will provide a brief summary of this event as well as give some background information on this particular subject.

    Read more
  • Hague Academy Model United Nations on Drone Warfare and International Law

    Directed energy weapons, drones, self targeting bullets, mobile tactical high energy lasers, military robots, spy weapons, weapons undetectable under an x-ray scan, remote controlled insect armies, self driving tanks, robotic mules, thermal camouflage, surveillance technologies and autonomous unmanned systems are some examples of the high tech weapons and military technology that are now used during warfare. The use of this state of the art military technology raises serious ethical and legal questions: (when) is the use of drones acceptable?

    Read more
  • Interview: Dr. Christian Noack

    This month, our first time guest editor and colleague, Ms. Anna Duszczyk, invited Dr. Christian Noack from the University of Amsterdam, for an in-depth interview on the current crisis in Ukraine. Dr. Noack is an expert on Eastern European History, Media Studies and Slavonic Studies. In this interview, he will discuss his views on the current political situation in Ukraine and the role of Russia and the European Union in the crisis.

    Read more
  • Nuclear security: Dangers and Achievements

    Nuclear security is generally accepted to mean “the prevention of, detection of, and response to, criminal or intentional unauthorized acts involving or directed at nuclear material, other radioactive material, associated facilities, or associated activities”. In short it is about preventing terrorists from acquiring radioactive material or attacking nuclear facilities. Since the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, nuclear security concerns have been heightened, but how real is the danger and what are the legal instruments to combat nuclear terrorism?

    Read more
  • A Justification for Russia’s Intervention?

    In the last week Russian military forces have occupied Crimea, the Ukrainian Black Sea peninsula where the majority of the population is ethnic Russian and the Russian Black Sea Fleet is deployed in the city of Sevastopol. In the Russian constitution a few articles describe circumstances where a primacy of Russian constitutional law above international law may occur. How does Russia legally justify its intervention? Guest Blog by Anna K. Duszczyk.

    Read more
  • Nuclear Security Summit 2014: Preventing Nuclear Terrorism Around the Globe

    On 24 and 25 March 2014 the Third Nuclear Security Summit will take place here in The Hague. Nuclear terrorism is one of the greatest threats to international peace and security. Even though the chance of a terrorist nuclear attack is small, the consequences would be enormous. The Nuclear Security Summit aims to enhance international cooperation in order to combat nuclear terrorist threats by preventing the illicit acquisition of nuclear material by non-state actors such as smugglers and terrorist groups.

    Read more
  • Colombia: At Last Peace with the FARC?

    Columbia’s fourth attempt at peace with the Revolutionary Forces of Colombia (FARC) started formally last month in Oslo and will continue the 15th of November in Havana, Cuba. The earlier attempts- starting in 1984, 1990 and 1998- to end one of Latin America’s longest and bloodiest armed conflict all failed. Why would the outcome of the peace talks this time be different?

    Read more
  • Open Season for Whistleblowers? Snowden and the right to privacy

    One of the best known whistleblowers at the moment is Edward Snowden. Snowden gave certain selected NSA documents to the Guardian and the Washington Post because “I can’t in good conscience allow the U.S. government to destroy privacy, internet freedom and basic liberties for people around the world with this massive surveillance machine they’re secretly building”.

    Read more
  • ARGO and the Follow-Up: Iran and the United States

    33 Years after the event, Hollywood has turned its attention to an episode that traumatized the United States for months: the seizure of the American Embassy in Tehran. As the US Embassy falls to a group of Islamist students and militants in support of the Iranian revolution and in retaliation for the USA’s sheltering of the recently deposed Shah, six diplomats slip out and seek sanctuary in the Canadian’s ambassador’s residence. It is up to the CIA’s Tony Mendez (Ben Affleck) to extract them from the country before they are discovered by the Revolutionary Guards. The plan? Create a fake movie, called Argo, and pretend they’re the crew.

    Read more
  • The Legality of Drone Attacks

    According to a recent report by Stanford and New York Universities’ law schools (Living Under Drones), the current US drone strike policy is counterproductive, has injured and killed civilians and undermines respect for international law. This blog explores briefly both the ius ad bellum and ius in bello implications of drone attacks.

    Read more
  • The Body Counts : Civilian Casualties in War

    Throughout the post Cold War period there has been a widespread view that war and armed conflict have changed radically since the First World War to the point where some 80-90% of war victims are now civilians. Many modern wars have been accompanied by significant depopulations, along with destruction of infrastructure and resources.

    Read more
  • Ivory Coast : UNOCI mandat prolonged until 30 June 2011

    At 20 December 2010 the United Nations Security Council (SC/10132) extended the mission in Cote d’Ivoire until 30 June 2011, strongly condemned attempts to usurp the will of the people and urged respect for the election outcome : Alassane Ouattara, a former prime minister, banker and leader of the opposition, has been recognized as the winner of November’s election by the United Nations, the African Union, the United States and the European Union. The incumbent president, Laurent Gbagbo has resisted repeated calls for him to cede the office.

    Read more
  • The Nobel Peace Prize 2010: Liu Xiaobo

    Foto scanpize reuters handout The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2010 to Liu Xiaobo for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China. The Norwegian Nobel Committee has long held the view that human rights and peace are closely linked. Human rights are essential for […]

    Read more
  • Cyberwar: from fiction to fact

    Computers rather than missiles could pose the biggest security threat of the future with nations able to cripple rivals by using cyberwarfare. Computer strikes could damage a country’s infrastructure as well as defence equipment, cutting off communications, power supplies and military command systems. Major interference on a large scale can be generated by computer viruses. A computer hacker can launch an attack by infiltrating databases and destroying critical data in any industry, company or government organization. Imagine the devastation of a deliberate power outage or shortage in the water supply. We’ve seen the dire results when this occurs because of a natural disaster. Such conflict has the ability to completely incapacitate an economy. The use of computers and internet in conducting warfare in cyberspace, is becoming increasingly more sophisticated.

    Read more
  • North Korea confirms nuclear test

    North Korea has conducted its second nuclear test, the country’s state news agency KCNA announced today. The nuclear test was expected. Earlier this year North Korea conducted a failed intercontinental missile test.

    Read more
  • New Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) to be signed on December 3, 2008

    Cluster Bomb Tour Bus takes on Eastern Europe On Wednesday, 1st October an eight-week campaign trail through Europe was launched to convince all governments to sign a groundbreaking treaty banning cluster bombs, in Oslo on December 3, 2008. Beginning in Belgrade, Serbia and ending at the signing ceremony in Norway, the Ban Bus will rally […]

    Read more
  • United Nations Sanctions Against Zimbabwe Leadership Vetoed

    A United States-led attempt to impose United Nations (UN) sanctions against Zimbabwe failed when on Friday, 11 July, China and Russia, both permanent members of the UN Security Council, voted against a draft resolution that would have instituted a travel ban and asset freeze against President Robert Mugabe and thirteen senior government/security officials in connection with the election violence in Zimbabwe.

    Read more

See also

More Research guides on Guerre et Paix

Other suggestions