Paix et sécurité internationales

Introduction

International Peace and Security - Research Guide International Law

De nos jours, de nombreuses organisations internationales et régionales sont impliquées dans des activités de rétablissement de la paix, d'imposition de la paix et de maintien de la paix : Nations Unies, Organisation du traité de l'Atlantique Nord, Organisation pour la sécurité et la coopération en Europe, Union africaine, Union européenne, etc. Elles envoient des forces multinationales dans les différentes zones de conflit. Alors que l'expression "sécurité collective" n'apparaît pas dans la Charte des Nations Unies, elle est souvent utilisée pour désigner le système de maintien de la paix et de la sécurité internationale en application de la Charte des Nations Unies et des mesures correspondantes des organisations régionales.  Selon la Charte des Nations Unies, celles-ci ont pour principale responsabilité de "maintenir la paix et la sécurité internationales et à cette fin : prendre des mesures collectives efficaces en vue de prévenir et d'écarter les menaces à la paix et de réprimer tout acte d'agression ou autre rupture de la paix (...)" (Art.1 (1) Charte ONU). Si elles constatent l'existence d'une menace contre la paix, d'une rupture de la paix ou d'un acte d'agression, le Conseil de sécurité de l'ONU fait des recommandations ou décide quelles mesures seront prises pour maintenir ou rétablir la paix et la sécurité internationales.

 Le présent guide de recherche se veut un point de départ pour mener des recherches en matière de paix et de sécurité internationales. Il fournit les textes de base disponible à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, qu'il s'agisse de documents imprimés ou de documents sous format électronique. La section intitulée "Bibliographie sélective" présente une sélection de manuels, d'articles importants, de bibliographies, de publications périodiques, de publications en série et de documents pertinents. Des liens permettent de rejoindre le catalogue PPL. Le code de classification de la bibliothèque 179. Paix et sécurité internationales et le mot-matière (mot-clef) Sécurité internationale sont des instruments permettant de faire une recherche dans le catalogue. Une attention particulière est prêtée à nos inscriptions aux bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, le présent guide de recherche contient des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne présentant un intérêt particulier.

Bibliographie

Reference works

Books

Leading articles

Documents

Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

Systematic classification → Peace and Security, Intervention, Use of Force

New titles


1. Justicia transicional en Colombia: un nuevo camino hacia la paz
Justicia transicional en Colombia: un nuevo camino hacia la paz / coordinador Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez ; autores Pamela Alarcón Arias, Samuel Augusto Escobar Beltrán, Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez, Ana Gabriela Franco-Osorio, Laura Alejandra Huérfano-Rueda, Nicolás Isaza-González, Marco Antonio Luján-Devoz, Sebastián Machado Ramírez, María Angélica Prada Uribe, Felipe Tenorio-Obando, Guillermo Otálora Lozano. - Valencia : Tirant lo Blanch, 2017. - 359 pages. ; 25 cm Includes bibliographical references. - 2017
Keywords: Colombia, Transitional justice, Paramilitary, Guerilla warfare,

2. Pravovye osnovy obespechenija nacional'noi bezopasnosti Severo-Kavkazskogo regiona Rossijskoi Federacii
Pravovye osnovy obespechenija nacional'noi bezopasnosti Severo-Kavkazskogo regiona Rossijskoi Federacii : monografiia / V.A. Semencov, O.V. Gladyssheva, KH.M. Lukozhev. - Moskva : Jurlitinform, 2016. - 147 pages. ; 21 cm. - (Teorija i oistorija gosudarstva i prava) Includes bibliographical references. - 2016
Keywords: Russian Federation, Caucasus, National security,

3. Exploring peace formation
Exploring peace formation : security and justice in post-colonial states / edited by Kwesi Aning, Volker Boege, M. Anne Brown and Charles T. Hunt. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge, 2018. - X, 242 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Studies in conflict, development and peacebuilding) Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2018
Keywords: Oceania, Decolonization, International peace and security, Transitional justice, Peacebuilding,

4. Sustainable Development Goals
Sustainable Development Goals : Goal 16: peace, justice and strong institutions / editors Paloma Durán y Lalaguna, Cástor Miguel Díaz Barrado ; coordinators Sagrario Morán Blanco, Elena C. Díaz Galán. - First edition. - Cizur Menor (Navarra) : Thomson Reuters Aranzadi, 2018. - 509 pages. ; 25 cm On title page: Sustainable Development Goals Fund. Universidad Rey Juan Carlos. Chair on Development and Poverty Eradication. - Includes bibliographical references. - 2018
Keywords: Sustainable development, International peace and security, Peace, Justice,

5. Seeking peace in West Africa and the Pacific Island region - new directions
Seeking peace in West Africa and the Pacific Island region - new directions / M. Anne Brown and Kwesi Aning. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge. - Pages 3-23 In: Exploring peace formation : security and justice in post-colonial states / edited by Kwesi Aning, Volker Boege, M. Anne Brown and Charles T. Hunt, ISBN 9781138999367: (2018), Pages 3-23. - 2018
Keywords: Oceania, Decolonization, International peace and security, Transitional justice, Peacebuilding,

6. Der Fall Skripal - wie ist der Nervengifteinsatz völkerrechtlich einzuordnen und warum ist eine solche Einordnung von Relevanz?
Der Fall Skripal - wie ist der Nervengifteinsatz völkerrechtlich einzuordnen und warum ist eine solche Einordnung von Relevanz? / Julia Spiesberger In: Recht und Politik = ISSN 0344-7871: vol. 54, issue 2, page 235-239. - 2018
Keywords: Russian Federation, Great Britain, Espionage, Attacks, Intelligence agencies, Territorial integrity of States, Aggression, National security,

7. Use of Deadly Force by Peacekeepers Operating Outside of Armed Conflict Situations: What Laws Apply
Use of Deadly Force by Peacekeepers Operating Outside of Armed Conflict Situations: What Laws Apply / Siobhán Wills In: Human Rights Quarterly = ISSN 0275-0392: vol. 40, issue 3, page 663-702. - 2018
Keywords: Peacekeeping, Use of force, International humanitarian law, Human rights,

8. What to do with informal security and justice
What to do with informal security and justice : the dilemma for African states / Bruce Baker. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge. - Pages 60-77 In: Exploring peace formation : security and justice in post-colonial states / edited by Kwesi Aning, Volker Boege, M. Anne Brown and Charles T. Hunt, ISBN 9781138999367: (2018), Pages 60-77. - 2018
Keywords: Decolonization, Security, Administration of justice,

9. Relational perspectives on peace formation
Relational perspectives on peace formation : symbiosis and the provision of security and justice / Charles T. Hunt. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge. - Pages 78-99 In: Exploring peace formation : security and justice in post-colonial states / edited by Kwesi Aning, Volker Boege, M. Anne Brown and Charles T. Hunt, ISBN 9781138999367: (2018), Pages 78-99. - 2018
Keywords: Security, Administration of justice, Peacebuilding, Decolonization,

10. Gender and hybridity
Gender and hybridity : exploring the contributions of women in hybrid political orders in West Africa / Nancy Annan. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge. - Pages 100-117 In: Exploring peace formation : security and justice in post-colonial states / edited by Kwesi Aning, Volker Boege, M. Anne Brown and Charles T. Hunt, ISBN 9781138999367: (2018), Pages 100-117. - 2018
Keywords: Women, Decolonization, Political participation,

11. Hybridity and expressions of power, legitimacy, justice and security provision in Ghana
Hybridity and expressions of power, legitimacy, justice and security provision in Ghana / Kwesi Aning, Nancy Annan and Fiifi Edu-Afful. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge. - Pages 121-139 In: Exploring peace formation : security and justice in post-colonial states / edited by Kwesi Aning, Volker Boege, M. Anne Brown and Charles T. Hunt, ISBN 9781138999367: (2018), Pages 121-139. - 2018
Keywords: Decolonization, Security, Justice,

12. Understanding and explaining hybridity in Liberia
Understanding and explaining hybridity in Liberia / Thomas Jaye. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge. - Pages 140-157 In: Exploring peace formation : security and justice in post-colonial states / edited by Kwesi Aning, Volker Boege, M. Anne Brown and Charles T. Hunt, ISBN 9781138999367: (2018), Pages 140-157. - 2018
Keywords: Decolonization, Security, State-building,

13. How hybridity happens
How hybridity happens : unpacking plural security and justice provision in Sierra Leone / Lisa Denney. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge. - Pages 158-173 In: Exploring peace formation : security and justice in post-colonial states / edited by Kwesi Aning, Volker Boege, M. Anne Brown and Charles T. Hunt, ISBN 9781138999367: (2018), Pages 158-173. - 2018
Keywords: Decolonization, Security, State-building,

14. The international-local interface in peacebuilding
The international-local interface in peacebuilding : the case of Bougainville / Volker Boege. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge. - Pages 174-190 In: Exploring peace formation : security and justice in post-colonial states / edited by Kwesi Aning, Volker Boege, M. Anne Brown and Charles T. Hunt, ISBN 9781138999367: (2018), Pages 174-190. - 2018
Keywords: Decolonization, Security, Peacebuilding,

15. Customary conflict resolution in a state environment
Customary conflict resolution in a state environment : cases from Vanuatu / Volker Boege and Miranda Forsyth. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge. - Pages 191-206 In: Exploring peace formation : security and justice in post-colonial states / edited by Kwesi Aning, Volker Boege, M. Anne Brown and Charles T. Hunt, ISBN 9781138999367: (2018), Pages 191-206. - 2018
Keywords: Security, Peacebuilding,

16. The hybridisation of peace, security and justice
The hybridisation of peace, security and justice : cases from West Africa and Oceania / Volker Boege. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge. - Pages 207-225 In: Exploring peace formation : security and justice in post-colonial states / edited by Kwesi Aning, Volker Boege, M. Anne Brown and Charles T. Hunt, ISBN 9781138999367: (2018), Pages 207-225. - 2018
Keywords: West Africa, Security, Peacebuilding,

17. Peace formation in heterogeneous states
Peace formation in heterogeneous states : concluding thoughts / M. Anne Brown and Kwesi Aning. - Abingdon, Oxon ; New York, NY : Routledge. - Pages 226-236 In: Exploring peace formation : security and justice in post-colonial states / edited by Kwesi Aning, Volker Boege, M. Anne Brown and Charles T. Hunt, ISBN 9781138999367: (2018), Pages 226-236. - 2018
Keywords: West Africa, Decolonization, Security, Peacebuilding,

18. Amnistías en Colombia: herramienta de engaño, herramienta política y mecanismo de reconciliación
Amnistías en Colombia: herramienta de engaño, herramienta política y mecanismo de reconciliación / Felipe Tenorio-Obando. - Valencia : Tirant lo Blanch. - Page 15-76 In: Justicia transicional en Colombia: un nuevo camino hacia la paz / coordinador Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez ; autores Pamela Alarcón Arias, Samuel Augusto Escobar Beltrán, Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez, Ana Gabriela Franco-Osorio, Laura Alejandra Huérfano-Rueda, Nicolás Isaza-González, Marco Antonio Luján-Devoz, Sebastián Machado Ramírez, María Angélica Prada Uribe, Felipe Tenorio-Obando, Guillermo Otálora Lozano, ISBN 9788491694878: (2017), Page 15-76. - 2017
Keywords: Amnesty, Reconciliation,

19. El resurgimiento del delito político en el proceso de paz con las FARC
El resurgimiento del delito político en el proceso de paz con las FARC / Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez, María Angélica Prada Uribe. - Valencia : Tirant lo Blanch. - Page 77-111 In: Justicia transicional en Colombia: un nuevo camino hacia la paz / coordinador Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez ; autores Pamela Alarcón Arias, Samuel Augusto Escobar Beltrán, Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez, Ana Gabriela Franco-Osorio, Laura Alejandra Huérfano-Rueda, Nicolás Isaza-González, Marco Antonio Luján-Devoz, Sebastián Machado Ramírez, María Angélica Prada Uribe, Felipe Tenorio-Obando, Guillermo Otálora Lozano, ISBN 9788491694878: (2017), Page 77-111. - 2017
Keywords:

20. Reflexiones criminológicas sobre la justicia retributiva y restaurativa de cara a la función expresiva de la justicia transicional
Reflexiones criminológicas sobre la justicia retributiva y restaurativa de cara a la función expresiva de la justicia transicional / Samuel Augusto Escobar Beltrán. - Valencia : Tirant lo Blanch. - Page 113-164 In: Justicia transicional en Colombia: un nuevo camino hacia la paz / coordinador Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez ; autores Pamela Alarcón Arias, Samuel Augusto Escobar Beltrán, Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez, Ana Gabriela Franco-Osorio, Laura Alejandra Huérfano-Rueda, Nicolás Isaza-González, Marco Antonio Luján-Devoz, Sebastián Machado Ramírez, María Angélica Prada Uribe, Felipe Tenorio-Obando, Guillermo Otálora Lozano, ISBN 9788491694878: (2017), Page 113-164. - 2017
Keywords:

21. Un nuevo camino hacia la paz (I): marco jurídico para la paz de las negociaciones con las FARC
Un nuevo camino hacia la paz (I): marco jurídico para la paz de las negociaciones con las FARC / Laura Alejandra Huérfano-Rueda, Nicolás Isaza-González. - Valencia : Tirant lo Blanch. - Page 165-232 In: Justicia transicional en Colombia: un nuevo camino hacia la paz / coordinador Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez ; autores Pamela Alarcón Arias, Samuel Augusto Escobar Beltrán, Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez, Ana Gabriela Franco-Osorio, Laura Alejandra Huérfano-Rueda, Nicolás Isaza-González, Marco Antonio Luján-Devoz, Sebastián Machado Ramírez, María Angélica Prada Uribe, Felipe Tenorio-Obando, Guillermo Otálora Lozano, ISBN 9788491694878: (2017), Page 165-232. - 2017
Keywords:

22. Un nuevo camino hacia la paz (II): análisis jurídico del acuerdo y sus mecanismos de refrendación
Un nuevo camino hacia la paz (II): análisis jurídico del acuerdo y sus mecanismos de refrendación / Ana Gabriela Franco-Osorio, Marco Antonio Lujan-Devoz. - Valencia : Tirant lo Blanch. - Page 233-257 In: Justicia transicional en Colombia: un nuevo camino hacia la paz / coordinador Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez ; autores Pamela Alarcón Arias, Samuel Augusto Escobar Beltrán, Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez, Ana Gabriela Franco-Osorio, Laura Alejandra Huérfano-Rueda, Nicolás Isaza-González, Marco Antonio Luján-Devoz, Sebastián Machado Ramírez, María Angélica Prada Uribe, Felipe Tenorio-Obando, Guillermo Otálora Lozano, ISBN 9788491694878: (2017), Page 233-257. - 2017
Keywords:

23. Paz y sector privado sostenibles
Paz y sector privado sostenibles / Pamela Alarcón Arias. - Valencia : Tirant lo Blanch. - Page 259-282 In: Justicia transicional en Colombia: un nuevo camino hacia la paz / coordinador Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez ; autores Pamela Alarcón Arias, Samuel Augusto Escobar Beltrán, Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez, Ana Gabriela Franco-Osorio, Laura Alejandra Huérfano-Rueda, Nicolás Isaza-González, Marco Antonio Luján-Devoz, Sebastián Machado Ramírez, María Angélica Prada Uribe, Felipe Tenorio-Obando, Guillermo Otálora Lozano, ISBN 9788491694878: (2017), Page 259-282. - 2017
Keywords:

24. Existencia sin esencia
Existencia sin esencia : objetividad sin objeto: en defensa del pragmatismo en los procesos de construcción de paz / Sebastián Machado Ramírez. - Valencia : Tirant lo Blanch. - Page 283-309 In: Justicia transicional en Colombia: un nuevo camino hacia la paz / coordinador Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez ; autores Pamela Alarcón Arias, Samuel Augusto Escobar Beltrán, Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez, Ana Gabriela Franco-Osorio, Laura Alejandra Huérfano-Rueda, Nicolás Isaza-González, Marco Antonio Luján-Devoz, Sebastián Machado Ramírez, María Angélica Prada Uribe, Felipe Tenorio-Obando, Guillermo Otálora Lozano, ISBN 9788491694878: (2017), Page 283-309. - 2017
Keywords:

25. Responsabilidad del superior en la jurisdicción especial para la paz
Responsabilidad del superior en la jurisdicción especial para la paz / Guillermo Otálora Lozano. - Valencia : Tirant lo Blanch. - Page 311-359 In: Justicia transicional en Colombia: un nuevo camino hacia la paz / coordinador Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez ; autores Pamela Alarcón Arias, Samuel Augusto Escobar Beltrán, Juan Carlos Forero Ramírez, Ana Gabriela Franco-Osorio, Laura Alejandra Huérfano-Rueda, Nicolás Isaza-González, Marco Antonio Luján-Devoz, Sebastián Machado Ramírez, María Angélica Prada Uribe, Felipe Tenorio-Obando, Guillermo Otálora Lozano, ISBN 9788491694878: (2017), Page 311-359. - 2017
Keywords:

26. The United Nations Immunity Regime: Seeking a Balance between Unfettered Protection and Accountability
The United Nations Immunity Regime: Seeking a Balance between Unfettered Protection and Accountability / Farhana Choudhury In: Georgetown Law Journal = ISSN 2159-7707: vol. 104, issue 3, page 725-743. - 2016
Keywords: United States of America, United Nations, Peacekeeping, Rules of Engagement, Accountability,

27. Taking IHI, R2P and Legitimate Defense Seriously: North Korea as the Primary Consideration
Taking IHI, R2P and Legitimate Defense Seriously: North Korea as the Primary Consideration / Morse Tan In: Cornell International Law Journal: vol. 51, issue 1, page 1-56. - 2018
Keywords: North Korea, United States of America, Humanitarian intervention, Responsibility to protect, Intervention, Self-defence,

28. Sovereignty, Self-Determination, and Human Rights from Walzer to the Responsibility to Protect
Sovereignty, Self-Determination, and Human Rights from Walzer to the Responsibility to Protect / Eva Piirimäe In: Global responsibility to protect (Online) = ISSN 1875-984X: vol. 10, issue 4, page 393-419. - 2018
Keywords: Humanitarian intervention, International Commission on Intervention and State Sovereignty, Sovereignty, Right of self-determination, Human rights,

29. The Syrian Missile Strike and the Education of Donald J. Trump in the Art of Responsible Statecraft
The Syrian Missile Strike and the Education of Donald J. Trump in the Art of Responsible Statecraft / Wali Aslam In: Global responsibility to protect (Online) = ISSN 1875-984X: vol. 10, issue 4, page 420-447. - 2018
Keywords: Intervention, Responsibility to protect, Obligations of the state, Internationally wrongful acts, United States of America, Foreign policy,

30. Who is Responsible in the International Arms Trade?
Who is Responsible in the International Arms Trade? : Measuring Human Rights Concerns in Arms Transfers / Rodrigo Fracalossi de Moraes In: Global responsibility to protect (Online) = ISSN 1875-984X: vol. 10, issue 4, page 471-498. - 2018
Keywords: Human rights, Infraction,

31. Holding Accountable UN-Authorized Enforcement Operations: Tracing Accountability Mechanisms
Holding Accountable UN-Authorized Enforcement Operations: Tracing Accountability Mechanisms / Yf Reykers In: International Peacekeeping = ISSN 1743-906X: vol. 25, issue 4, page 528-553. - 2018
Keywords:

32. Cops in Foreign Lands: Italy’s Role in International Policing
Cops in Foreign Lands: Italy’s Role in International Policing / Paolo Foradori In: International Peacekeeping = ISSN 1743-906X: vol. 25, issue 4, page 497-527. - 2018
Keywords:

33. Turkish Efforts in Peacekeeping and the Introduction of the TUBAKOV Dataset: An Exploratory Analysis
Turkish Efforts in Peacekeeping and the Introduction of the TUBAKOV Dataset: An Exploratory Analysis / Haldun Yalçınkaya, Emre Hatipoglu, Dilaver Arıkan Açar, Mitat Çelikpala In: International Peacekeeping = ISSN 1743-906X: vol. 25, issue 4, page 475-496. - 2018
Keywords:

34. Ethnographic Peace Research: The Underappreciated Benefits of Long-term Fieldwork
Ethnographic Peace Research: The Underappreciated Benefits of Long-term Fieldwork / Gearoid Millar In: International Peacekeeping = ISSN 1743-906X: vol. 25, issue 5, page 653-676. - 2018
Keywords:

35. Critiquing Anthropological Imagination in Peace and Conflict Studies: From Empiricist Positivism to a Dialogical Approach in Ethnographic Peace Research
Critiquing Anthropological Imagination in Peace and Conflict Studies: From Empiricist Positivism to a Dialogical Approach in Ethnographic Peace Research / Philip Lottholz In: International Peacekeeping = ISSN 1743-906X: vol. 25, issue 5, page 695-720. - 2018
Keywords:

Choix de bibliothécaire

  • Wittke, C., Law in the Twilight : International Courts and Tribunals, the Security Council and the Internationalisation of Peace Agreements between State and Non-state Parties, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, 2018. (e-book)

    Wittke, C., Law in the Twilight : International Courts and Tribunals, the Security Council and the Internationalisation of Peace Agreements between State and Non-state Parties, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, 2018.(e-book)

    An informative book focusing on the internationalisation and legalisation of peace agreements to settle intra-state conflicts between state and non-state parties. Cindy Wittke focuses on two key issues: how international courts and tribunals deal with peace agreements; and what implications the United Nations Security Council's involvement in the negotiation and implementation of peace agreements has for the agreements' legal nature, the status of the non-state parties to agreements and the interpretation of peace agreements. Wittke argues that the processes of negotiating and implementing peace agreements between state and non-state parties create new spheres, spaces and forms of post-conflict law making and law enforcement. For example, contemporary peace agreements can simultaneously take the form and function of internationalised transitional constitutions and agreements governed by international law. The resulting characteristics of contemporary peace agreement lead to permanent ambiguities shaping their interpretation and enforcement.

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Language of Peace is a research tool providing access to around 1000 peace agreements concluded in the post-WWII era, categorized article by article according to the issues they address, from ceasefires through human rights to power sharing. Through this innovative tool, users can search agreements according to 226 issues, organized under 26 main issue headings, and refine their results through a number of filters, such as parties/witnesses, region, date range and conflict type, or make use of the word search function. Search results can subsequently be bookmarked and exported in either PDF or DOCX format. Furthermore, in order to provide information about the broader context of provisions on a particular issue, Language of Peace is linked to the UN Peacemaker database, which contains full text PDF documents of the agreements. Language of Peace was developed as part of the Legal Tools for Peace-Making project at the University of Cambridge, in collaboration with the United Nations Department of Political Affairs; the website was designed and developed by PASTPRESENTFUTURE. The project is funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council.

UN Peacemaker is an online mediation support tool developed by the Mediation Support Unit (MSU) in the Policy and Mediation Division of the Department of Political Affairs (DPA). Intended for peacemaking professionals, it includes an extensive database of peace agreements, guidance material and information on the UN’s mediation support services. UN Peacemaker is part of the UN’s overall effort to provide advice and support to the Secretary-General and his Representatives in their efforts to resolve international disputes and internal conflicts. It is also intended to be useful to UN partners actively engaged in peacemaking efforts, including Member States, regional organisations, civil society, non-governmental organisations and national mediators.

Blogs

  • SDG16: Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions → the Peace Palace!

    The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) of the United Nations that came into effect in January 2016, are the most important goals that the world should work on for the future. These goals are the successor of the Millennium Goals. In the Sustainable Development Goals, the promotion of just, peaceful and inclusive societies was included a an essential goal for the future for the first time. This is SDG16. It is a goal that matches the ideal with which the Peace Palace was founded well! The Carnegie Foundation – Peace Palace signed the SDG Charter in September 2017. A year later, on 24 September 2018, the Peace Palace was appointed by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of The Netherlands as official ‘SDG 16 House’, the first of its kind in the world.

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  • In Memoriam: Kofi A. Annan (1938–2018)

    Mr Annan, one of the world’s most celebrated diplomats and a charismatic symbol of the UN passed away peacefully on Saturday in Bern, Switzerland. He was 80 years old. Annan passed away after a short illness. The Ghanaian top diplomat was the seventh Secretary-General and served for two terms between 1997 and 2006. He was awarded the Nobel peace prize for his humanitarian work jointly with the UN as an organisation in 2001. “Kofi Annan was a global statesman and a deeply committed internationalist who fought throughout his life for a fairer and more peaceful world. During his distinguished career and leadership of the United Nations he was an ardent champion of peace, sustainable development, human rights and the rule of law,” the Kofi Annan Foundation and Annan family said in a statement.

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  • Faking it to the Next Level: Are Deep Fakes Threatening Our Democratic Society?

    On 31st July 2018, Facebook has posted an article in its Newsroom explaining how the platform is being used to manipulate the Facebook-community. 32 pages have been removed by Facebook and Instagram because they were found to be “involved in coordinated inauthentic behavior.” The manipulation of digital video and audio files, has become increasingly sophisticated and accessible. While the world is more or less accustomed to the idea of image manipulation through ‘photoshopping’, video or audio files that present people saying of doing things they never did nor said, pose a new kind of challenge to democracies and national security. Audio and video manipulation then enter a realm that is generally described as ‘deep fake’.

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  • Perspectives on Mass Violence: Peace and Conflict Studies and Genocide Studies Compared

    This week’s compelling guest blog compares the fields of Conflict Studies with Genocide Studies, its intriguing differences and similarities and the general lack of cross-pollination between them, even though they both deal with questions of collective violence and individual participation in violence. The author, Kjell Anderson, is a jurist and social scientist and works in both fields of Conflict Studies and Genocide studies.

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  • What are Peace Museums? Lecture by Joyce Apsel

    What are Peace Museums? How are they distinct from War Museums? Is there overlap?

    Location: Peace Palace Library. Date: 2 March 2018. Time: 16:45 – 18:00 (CET)

    Dr Joyce Apsel is Professor of Liberal Studies and lectures on International Human Rights, Human Rights & the Environment, Global Violence at New York University. She is also President of the Institute for the Study of Genocide. In her talk Joyce Apsel will provide images from a range of peace museums and discuss the images, narratives and education which promote cultures of peace.

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  • U.S. Nuclear Strategy

    30 January 2018, U.S. President Trump, during his State of the Union speech, called for a nuclear arsenal “so strong and powerful that it will deter any acts of aggression.”

    The President made clear that his first priority is to protect the United States, allies, and partners. The 2018 Nuclear Posture Review (2018 NPR) lays out important policy changes with regard to U.S. nuclear weapons. The renewal of its nuclear forces will have huge implications for the security of the country and its allies, its public finances and the salience of nuclear weapons in global politics. While the United States has continued to reduce the number and salience of nuclear weapons, others, including Russia and China, have moved in the opposite direction.

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  • From Classic Wars to Hybrid Warfare

    Thinking about wars people used to see battlefields with tanks, trenches, armies with conventional weapons, uniformed soldiers under strict hierarchical military command structure (‘Befehl ist Befehl’). Wars between nation-states were waged conform international (humantarian) law (Geneva Conventions 1949), in line with Clausewitz’s military theories. However, the concept of warfare is changing rapidly. The war of the Western coalition against Islamic State for instance, is an asymmetrical conflict. If all the jihadi’s would be competing with all Western allied forces on one battlefield, the battle would be over in no time. That’s why Islamic State uses insurgency and hit and run guerrilla-tactics, avoiding army-to-army confrontations.

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  • Are Syria and Iraq the Middle Eastern Bloodlands?

    Deir az-Zor is a sleepy town on the banks of the Euphrates in the Syrian desert, and did not ring much of a bell for most non-Syrians. Except for Armenians. During the 1915 Armenian Genocide, the Ottoman government deported hundreds of thousands of Ottoman Armenians to Deir az-Zor, where they were left to die or were killed outright. A German diplomat who was stationed in that area wrote that the Armenians were “slaughtered like sheep”. To the casual observer this looked allegorical or even hyperbolical, in any case unreal, removed far away in geography, time, and culture. Until recent times, when ISIS videos surfaced online. And again the desert soil of Deir az-Zor shone red with blood, and once more the word ‘Deir az-Zor’ served as a symbol of bloodshed.

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  • The Raid on the Medway, 1667: Forcing Peace at Breda

    350 Years ago, the Treaty of Breda was signed at the Dutch city of Breda, 31 July, 1667, by England, the Dutch Republic, France, and Denmark-Norway. It brought a hasty end to the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665-1667) in favour of the Dutch. It was a typical quick uti possidetis treaty. In the latter stages of the war, the Dutch had prevailed. Lieutenant-Admiral-General Michiel de Ruyter virtually controlled the seas around the south coast of England. His presence encouraged English commissioners to sue for peace quickly. Negotiations, which had been long protracted, and had actually begun in Breda before the raid, took only ten days to conclude after resumption of talks.

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  • Peace Weekend Celebrations – International Rule of Law?

    This weekend The Hague will celebrate the International Day of Peace, September 21st, with a designated ‘Peace Weekend’.

    The celebrations vary from a peace run (with a Peace Palace team) to The Hague Open Doors Event, where the Peace Palace Library, together with the other international organizations of The Hague, will open their doors to the public.

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  • Nuclear Deal, Sanctions, Nuclear Diplomacy

    After nearly two years of arduous negotiations a comprehensive agreement on the nuclear program of Iran was signed in Vienna on 14 July 2015. In exchange for reducing Iran’s nuclear activities drastically, the United States and the European Union would lift their nuclear-related sanctions on the Iranian economy. Most countries and international organizations welcomed the agreement. Will U.S. President Obama be remembered as initiator of this ‘historic’ deal? The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is a nuclear agreement signed in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germany), and the European Union.

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  • Coalition against Islamic State: Too Many Obstacles?

    After weeks of fighting, Islamic State succeeded in taking over the Iraqi city of Ramadi and it currently controls large parts of the al-Anbar province, which borders on Jordan, Syria and Saudi Arabia. Almost 25,000 residents have fled Ramadi. This week Islamic State also overran Syrian government troops to seize Palmyra (Homs province, Syria), home to the ruins of a 2,000-year-old city that was one of the most important cultural centers of the ancient world.The U.N. human rights office in Geneva said a third of Palmyra’s 200,000 residents may have fled the fighting in the past few days.

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  • Drones Deployed during War raise Various Legal and Ethical Questions

    Drones can be used for many different purposes. The use of drones raises various legal and ethical questions ranging from humanitarian to privacy issues. The Peace and Security Salon of 9 April discussed these questions in the context of the deployment of armed drones and robots during wartime. Three specialists each discussed the use of drones from a different background.

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  • Drones and Robots as Means of Modern Warfare

    Several aspects of autonomous weapons systems and the deployment of drones during warfare will be discussed during the upcoming Peace and Security Salon: “Drones and Robots as means of modern warfare” which will be held at the Peace Palace Library on Thursday, the 9th of april. The use of drones as a weapons system has increased exponentially in recent years and this has given rise to a significant degree of controversy and a number of specific questions relating to their use. Questions which arise in relation to drones and autonomous weapons systems include whether they are in conformity with or potentially capable of complying with IHL requirements in conditions of contemporary warfare, issues of accountability and responsibility and ethical questions.

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  • Africa's Peacemakers: Nobel Peace Laureates

    As Africa and its diaspora commemorate fifty years of post-independence Pan-Africanism, Adekeye Adebajo’s new book ‘Africa’s Peace Makers: Nobel Peace Laureates of African Descent’ provides profound insight into the thirteen prominent individuals of African descent who have won the Nobel Peace Prize since 1950. These laureates have been variously involved in women’s rights, environmental protection, and nuclear disarmament. ‘Africa’s Peacemakers’ reveals how this remarkable collection of individuals has changed the world.

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  • Palestine in the International Criminal Court: impact and consequences!

    The year 2014 ended with a cliff-hanger for the Israeli-Palestinian question. Palestinian Authority President Mahmoud Abbas signed the Rome Statute on New Year’s eve, a day after a UN resolution mandating Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank failed to pass at the Security Council. As a result, on 6 January 2015, the UN secretary-general confirmed by an official note that Palestine will accede to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court on April 1, 2015. In this blog I will explain the meaning of the Palestinian accession, the procedure of preliminary examination by the International Criminal Court and possible consequences for the Israeli-Palestinian peace process.

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  • The Youth Peace Initiative 2014 and the Roadmap to Israeli-Palestinian Permanent Peace!

    Between 11 and 18 October the Youth Peace Initiative 2014 took place in The Hague, international City of Peace and Justice. The Youth Peace Initiative 2014 (YPI 2014) has been set up to get Israeli and Palestinian youth involved with the current peace negotiations between their nations. The YPI 2014 participants discussed and deliberated a whole week to achieve consensus on ideas and solutions for the peace process.

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  • Extending the Coalition against Islamic State

    Yesterday, Turkey’s parliament has backed a motion that could allow its military to enter Iraq and Syria to join the campaign against Islamic State (IS) militants. While Arab countries including Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Jordan, Bahrain and Qatar have quickly joined the bombing campaign, Washington’s traditional Western allies had been slow to answer the call from U.S. President Barack Obama. France was the first Western country to respond, but this week national parliaments in the United Kingdom, Belgium, the Netherlands, Denmark and Australia have approved to join the global coalition against Islamic State too.

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  • Modern Technology and Its Potential Role in Peace Building and Conflict Prevention

    On August 20, the Hague Institute for Global Justice organized a high level panel on ‘Peace Technologies’ together with the newly established Peace Informatics Lab of Leiden Univeristy. A discussion was held between experts from civil society groups, governmental institutions, academia and the private sector to exchange ideas and examine what role modern technology can play in peace processes or in the prevention of conflicts. The event was an important opportunity to share knowledge in what is considered to be a revolutionary field. This blog will provide a brief summary of this event as well as give some background information on this particular subject.

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  • Hague Academy Model United Nations on Drone Warfare and International Law

    Directed energy weapons, drones, self targeting bullets, mobile tactical high energy lasers, military robots, spy weapons, weapons undetectable under an x-ray scan, remote controlled insect armies, self driving tanks, robotic mules, thermal camouflage, surveillance technologies and autonomous unmanned systems are some examples of the high tech weapons and military technology that are now used during warfare. The use of this state of the art military technology raises serious ethical and legal questions: (when) is the use of drones acceptable?

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  • Interview: Dr. Christian Noack

    This month, our first time guest editor and colleague, Ms. Anna Duszczyk, invited Dr. Christian Noack from the University of Amsterdam, for an in-depth interview on the current crisis in Ukraine. Dr. Noack is an expert on Eastern European History, Media Studies and Slavonic Studies. In this interview, he will discuss his views on the current political situation in Ukraine and the role of Russia and the European Union in the crisis.

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  • Nuclear security: Dangers and Achievements

    Nuclear security is generally accepted to mean “the prevention of, detection of, and response to, criminal or intentional unauthorized acts involving or directed at nuclear material, other radioactive material, associated facilities, or associated activities”. In short it is about preventing terrorists from acquiring radioactive material or attacking nuclear facilities. Since the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, nuclear security concerns have been heightened, but how real is the danger and what are the legal instruments to combat nuclear terrorism?

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  • A Justification for Russia’s Intervention?

    In the last week Russian military forces have occupied Crimea, the Ukrainian Black Sea peninsula where the majority of the population is ethnic Russian and the Russian Black Sea Fleet is deployed in the city of Sevastopol. In the Russian constitution a few articles describe circumstances where a primacy of Russian constitutional law above international law may occur. How does Russia legally justify its intervention? Guest Blog by Anna K. Duszczyk.

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  • Nuclear Security Summit 2014: Preventing Nuclear Terrorism Around the Globe

    On 24 and 25 March 2014 the Third Nuclear Security Summit will take place here in The Hague. Nuclear terrorism is one of the greatest threats to international peace and security. Even though the chance of a terrorist nuclear attack is small, the consequences would be enormous. The Nuclear Security Summit aims to enhance international cooperation in order to combat nuclear terrorist threats by preventing the illicit acquisition of nuclear material by non-state actors such as smugglers and terrorist groups.

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  • Colombia: At Last Peace with the FARC?

    Columbia’s fourth attempt at peace with the Revolutionary Forces of Colombia (FARC) started formally last month in Oslo and will continue the 15th of November in Havana, Cuba. The earlier attempts- starting in 1984, 1990 and 1998- to end one of Latin America’s longest and bloodiest armed conflict all failed. Why would the outcome of the peace talks this time be different?

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  • Open Season for Whistleblowers? Snowden and the right to privacy

    One of the best known whistleblowers at the moment is Edward Snowden. Snowden gave certain selected NSA documents to the Guardian and the Washington Post because “I can’t in good conscience allow the U.S. government to destroy privacy, internet freedom and basic liberties for people around the world with this massive surveillance machine they’re secretly building”.

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  • ARGO and the Follow-Up: Iran and the United States

    33 Years after the event, Hollywood has turned its attention to an episode that traumatized the United States for months: the seizure of the American Embassy in Tehran. As the US Embassy falls to a group of Islamist students and militants in support of the Iranian revolution and in retaliation for the USA’s sheltering of the recently deposed Shah, six diplomats slip out and seek sanctuary in the Canadian’s ambassador’s residence. It is up to the CIA’s Tony Mendez (Ben Affleck) to extract them from the country before they are discovered by the Revolutionary Guards. The plan? Create a fake movie, called Argo, and pretend they’re the crew.

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  • The Legality of Drone Attacks

    According to a recent report by Stanford and New York Universities’ law schools (Living Under Drones), the current US drone strike policy is counterproductive, has injured and killed civilians and undermines respect for international law. This blog explores briefly both the ius ad bellum and ius in bello implications of drone attacks.

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  • The Body Counts : Civilian Casualties in War

    Throughout the post Cold War period there has been a widespread view that war and armed conflict have changed radically since the First World War to the point where some 80-90% of war victims are now civilians. Many modern wars have been accompanied by significant depopulations, along with destruction of infrastructure and resources.

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  • Ivory Coast : UNOCI mandat prolonged until 30 June 2011

    At 20 December 2010 the United Nations Security Council (SC/10132) extended the mission in Cote d’Ivoire until 30 June 2011, strongly condemned attempts to usurp the will of the people and urged respect for the election outcome : Alassane Ouattara, a former prime minister, banker and leader of the opposition, has been recognized as the winner of November’s election by the United Nations, the African Union, the United States and the European Union. The incumbent president, Laurent Gbagbo has resisted repeated calls for him to cede the office.

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  • The Nobel Peace Prize 2010: Liu Xiaobo

    Foto scanpize reuters handout The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2010 to Liu Xiaobo for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China. The Norwegian Nobel Committee has long held the view that human rights and peace are closely linked. Human rights are essential for […]

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  • Cyberwar: from fiction to fact

    Computers rather than missiles could pose the biggest security threat of the future with nations able to cripple rivals by using cyberwarfare. Computer strikes could damage a country’s infrastructure as well as defence equipment, cutting off communications, power supplies and military command systems. Major interference on a large scale can be generated by computer viruses. A computer hacker can launch an attack by infiltrating databases and destroying critical data in any industry, company or government organization. Imagine the devastation of a deliberate power outage or shortage in the water supply. We’ve seen the dire results when this occurs because of a natural disaster. Such conflict has the ability to completely incapacitate an economy. The use of computers and internet in conducting warfare in cyberspace, is becoming increasingly more sophisticated.

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  • North Korea confirms nuclear test

    North Korea has conducted its second nuclear test, the country’s state news agency KCNA announced today. The nuclear test was expected. Earlier this year North Korea conducted a failed intercontinental missile test.

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  • New Convention on Cluster Munitions (CCM) to be signed on December 3, 2008

    Cluster Bomb Tour Bus takes on Eastern Europe On Wednesday, 1st October an eight-week campaign trail through Europe was launched to convince all governments to sign a groundbreaking treaty banning cluster bombs, in Oslo on December 3, 2008. Beginning in Belgrade, Serbia and ending at the signing ceremony in Norway, the Ban Bus will rally […]

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  • United Nations Sanctions Against Zimbabwe Leadership Vetoed

    A United States-led attempt to impose United Nations (UN) sanctions against Zimbabwe failed when on Friday, 11 July, China and Russia, both permanent members of the UN Security Council, voted against a draft resolution that would have instituted a travel ban and asset freeze against President Robert Mugabe and thirteen senior government/security officials in connection with the election violence in Zimbabwe.

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