Droits de l’homme

Introduction

Human Rights - Research Guide International Law

Les droits de l'homme sont les droits et libertés fondamentaux que possède tout être humain, quels que soient sa nationalité,, son sexe, sa religion, sa nationalité ou son origine ethnique, sa langue, son orientation sexuelle, son lieu de résidence ou tout autre statut. Toutes les personnes bénéficient des mêmes droits de l'homme sans discrimination. C'est pourquoi les droits de l'homme sont considérées comme des droits universels. Ils comprennent le droit à la vie et à la liberté, la liberté de penser et d'expression, le droit à l'éducation, le droit à l'alimentation ainsi que les droits économiques, sociaux et culturels. Souvent, les droits de l'homme sont exprimés et garantis par des textes juridiques sous la forme de législations nationales, de traités internationaux, de coutume internationale, de principes généraux et d'autres sources du droit international. Les droits de l'homme comprennent à la fois des droits et des obligations. Le droit international impose aux États de respecter, de protéger et de garantir les droits de l'homme. L'obligation de protéger impose aux États de protéger les individus et les groupes contre les atteintes aux droits de l'homme. Au niveau individuel, chaque personne doit également respecter les droits de l'homme des autres.

Le présent guide de recherche se veut un point de départ pour mener des recherches relatives aux droits de l'homme. Il fournit les textes juridiques de base disponibles à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, qu'il s'agisse de documents imprimés ou de documents sous format électronique. La section intitulée "Bibliographie sélective" présente une sélection de manuels, d'articles importants, de bibliographies, de publications périodiques, de publications en série et de documents pertinents. Des liens permettent de rejoindre le catalogue PPL. Le code de classification de la bibliothèque 98a. Droits de l'homme et le mot-matière (mot-clef) Droits de l’homme sont des instruments permettant de faire une recherche dans le catalogue. Une attention particulière est prêtée à nos inscriptions aux bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, le présent guide de recherche contient des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne présentant un intérêt particulier.

Tagged with:

Bibliographie

Reference works

 (in the catalogue: Reference works can best be found using the advanced search option. Select keyword and type human rights and in the next line select keyword and type manuals)

Books and reference works on selected issues

Documents / Instruments

There are nine core international human rights instruments, often supplemented by optional protocols dealing with specific concerns. Each of these  instruments has established a committee of experts to monitor implementation of the treaty provisions by its State parties. These instruments and committees are:

A Selection of Relevant Titles Concerned With These Nine Human Rights Instruments

The International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination (New York, 7 March 1966)

International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (New York, 16 December 1966)

International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (New York, 16 December 1966)

United Nations Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (New York, 18 December 1979)                             

United Nations Convention Against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (New York, 10 December 1984)

United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (New York, 20 November 1989)

United Nations Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (New York, 18 December 1990)

International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (New York, 20 December 2006)

United Nations Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (New York, 13 December 2006).

Regional Instruments

There are regional human right instruments in Europe, the Americas and Africa:

Africa

Americas

Europe:

A selection of books containing a compilation of human rights instruments:

Online: U.N. High Commissioner for Human Rights, Universal Human Rights Instruments.

(In the catalogue: Documents can best be found using the advanced search option. Select keyword and type human rights and in the next line select keyword and type documents)

Periodicals, serial publications

See this link for other human rights related journals http://lawlib.wlu.edu/LJ/index2014.aspx?country=All%20Countries&subject=Human+Rights

Bibliographies

New titles


1. La Cour européenne des droits de l'homme
La Cour européenne des droits de l'homme : des juges pour la liberté / Jean-Paul Costa. - 2e édition augmentée. - Paris : Dalloz, 2017. - 282 pages. ; 21 cm. - (Les sens du droit . Essai) Title on spine: Des juges pour la liberté. - First edition: 2013. - Includes bibliographical references. - 2017
Keywords: Judges, European Court of Human Rights, Human rights,

2. Great debates on the European Convention on Human Rights
Great debates on the European Convention on Human Rights / Fiona de Londras and Kanstantsin Dzehtsiarou. - London : Palgrave Macmillan, 2018. - XXVII, 193 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Palgrave great debates in law) Includes bibliographical references. - 2018
Keywords: European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), European Court of Human Rights, Human rights,

3. Human Rights Watch v Secretary of State for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office
Human Rights Watch v Secretary of State for the Foreign and Commonwealth Office : victim status, extraterritoriality and the search for principled reasoning / Lea Raible In: The Modern Law Review = ISSN 0026-7961: vol. 80, issue 3, page 510-524. - 2017
Keywords: Great Britain, European Court of Human Rights, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Extraterritorial jurisdiction, Victims, Legal reasoning, Human rights,

4. Business and Human Rights Case Study of Korean Companies Operating Overseas: Challenges and a New National Action Plan
Business and Human Rights Case Study of Korean Companies Operating Overseas: Challenges and a New National Action Plan / Changrok Soh, Seunghyun Nam In: Human Rights Quarterly = ISSN 0275-0392: vol. 40, issue 2, page 287-316. - 2018
Keywords: South Korea, United Nations, Principles, Multinational enterprises, Corporate responsibility, Human rights,

5. Corruption and Human Rights: Possible Relations
Corruption and Human Rights: Possible Relations / Luz Angela Cardona, Horacio Ortiz, Daniel Vázquez In: Human Rights Quarterly = ISSN 0275-0392: vol. 40, issue 2, page 317-341. - 2018
Keywords: Mexico, Corruption, Human rights,

6. Two Concepts of Human Rights
Two Concepts of Human Rights / Mark Lattimer In: Human Rights Quarterly = ISSN 0275-0392: vol. 40, issue 2, page 406-419. - 2018
Keywords: Human rights, Legal theory, Philosophy of law,

7. Monitoring Second-Order Compliance: The Follow-up Procedures of the UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies
Monitoring Second-Order Compliance: The Follow-up Procedures of the UN Human Rights Treaty Bodies / Andreas von Staden In: Czech Yearbook of International Law = ISSN 2157-2976: vol. 9 (2018), page 329-356. - 2018
Keywords: United Nations, Human rights, Treaty bodies, Compliance, Monitoring,

8. Maternity protection, gender discrimination under article 8(2) of the Federal Constitution of Malaysia and the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women - which way forward?
Maternity protection, gender discrimination under article 8(2) of the Federal Constitution of Malaysia and the Convention on the Elimination of all forms of Discrimination Against Women - which way forward? / Dr. Jashpal Kaur Bhatt In: The Malayan Law Journal, ISBN 9789679629064: (2017), issue 6, page lxx-lxxxviii. - 2017
Keywords: Malaysia, Pregnancy, Sexual discrimination, Gender, Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (New York, 18 December 1979), Constitutional law,

9. El Desafío de Interpretar el Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos y el Derecho Internacional Humanitario
El Desafío de Interpretar el Derecho Internacional de los Derechos Humanos y el Derecho Internacional Humanitario / Sergio Alejandro Rea Granados In: American University International Law Review = ISSN 1520-460X: vol. 33, issue 3, page 517-544. - 2018
Keywords: International humanitarian law, Human rights,

10. Limitations of the Right to Manifest Religion in European Private Companies: Achbita v. G4S Secure Solutions NV under Article 9 of the ECHR and Article 18 of the ICCPR
Limitations of the Right to Manifest Religion in European Private Companies: Achbita v. G4S Secure Solutions NV under Article 9 of the ECHR and Article 18 of the ICCPR / Shannon Riggins In: American University International Law Review = ISSN 1520-460X: vol. 33, issue 4, page 977-1017. - 2018
Keywords: Freedom of thought, conscience and religion, Companies, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (New York, 16 December 1966),

11. The Application of the Pilot Judgment Procedure and Other Forms of Handling Large-Scale Dysfunctions in the Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights
The Application of the Pilot Judgment Procedure and Other Forms of Handling Large-Scale Dysfunctions in the Case Law of the European Court of Human Rights / Jakub Czepek In: International Community Law Review = ISSN 1871-9732: vol. 20, issue 3-4, page 347-373. - 2018
Keywords: European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), European Court of Human Rights, Innovation, Procedure, Decision-making,

12. Causation between State Omission and Harm within the Framework of Positive Obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights
Causation between State Omission and Harm within the Framework of Positive Obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights / Vladislava Stoyanova In: Human Rights Law Review = ISSN 1461-7781: vol. 18, issue 2. - 2018
Keywords: European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Obligations of the state, Causality,

13. Determinants of Compliance Difficulties among ‘Good Compliers’: Implementation of International Human Rights Rulings in the Czech Republic
Determinants of Compliance Difficulties among ‘Good Compliers’: Implementation of International Human Rights Rulings in the Czech Republic / David Kosař, Jan Petrov In: European Journal of International Law = ISSN 1464-3596: vol. 29, issue 2, page 397-425. - 2018
Keywords: Czech Republic, Human Rights Committee, European Court of Human Rights, Human rights, Decisions, Implementation, Compliance,

14. Legal and Policy Pathways of Climate Change Adaptation: Comparative Analysis of the Adaptation Practices in the United States, Australia and China
Legal and Policy Pathways of Climate Change Adaptation: Comparative Analysis of the Adaptation Practices in the United States, Australia and China / Xiangbai He In: Transnational Environmental Law = ISSN 2047-1033: vol. 7, issue 2, page 347-373. - 2018
Keywords: Australia, China, United States of America, Climate change, Environmental law, Comparative law,

Choix de bibliothécaire

  • Alcoceba Gallego, M.A., La Protección Diplomática de los Derechos Humanos : La Necesaria Reformulación de Una Institución Clásica de Derecho Internacional Público, Cizur Menor, Thomson Reuters Aranzadi, 2017.

    La obra propone una reformulación de la figura de la protección diplomática diez años después del proyecto de la CDI, en coherencia con la dimensión axiológica del Derecho Internacional y relevancia de los derechos humanos. La obra reflexiona sobre la escasa utilización de esta figura por parte de los Estados, sobre el modo en que la internacionalización de los derechos humanos exige su evolución, y sobre su utilidad actual en el marco de la protección de los derechos humanos.

    CARACTERÍSTICAS

    El trabajo hace balance de la protección diplomática a los diez años del Proyecto de la CDI y propone su reformulación con objeto de utilizar la protección diplomática para proteger los derechos humanos, en coherencia con el papel central de los derechos humanos y el individuo en el siglo XXI, incrementando así las fórmulas de protección de los derechos humanos.

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  • Leach, P., "Taking a Case to the European Court of Human Rights", Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017.

    This book provides comprehensive coverage of the law and procedure of the European Court of Human Rights. It incorporates a step-by-step approach to the litigation process, covering areas such as lodging the initial application, seeking priority treatment, friendly settlement, the pilot judgment procedure, just satisfaction, enforcement of judgments, and Grand Chamber referrals.

    This new edition has been fully revised to take account of the latest developments in the Court's practice since 2010, including: the introduction (in 2014) of a mandatory application form; the updated Court Rules and practice directions; a more expansive approach to interim measures; the application of the 'no significant disadvantage' admissibility test and further applications of the exhaustion of domestic remedies rule and the six months' time limit; the steep rise in the use of unilateral declarations in striking cases out; developments in the use of 'Article 46' and pilot judgments; and the more extensive application of non-pecuniary measures of redress (including reinstatement to employment, disclosure of information and the protection of witnesses).

    This edition includes an expanded and up-to-date article-by-article commentary on the substantive law of the European Convention. Issues covered by the recent case-law include secret rendition, restrictions on in vitro fertilization, medical mistreatment, the treatment of migrants at sea and asylum procedures, states' extra-territorial jurisdiction, same-sex partnerships, and discrimination. There is new law on the rights of suspects, defendants and life sentence prisoners, and the duties owed to the victims of domestic violence, domestic servitude, and human trafficking. With such vast coverage and accessibility, this book is indispensable for anyone practising in this field.

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  • Nakanishi, Y. (ed.), Contemporary Issues in Human Rights Law : Europe and Asia, Singapore, Springer Open, 2018.

    Nakanishi, Y. (ed.), Contemporary Issues in Human Rights Law : Europe and Asia, Singapore, Springer Open, 2018.

    This book analyzes issues in human rights law from a variety of perspectives by eminent European and Asian professors of constitutional law, international public law, and European Union law.

    As a result, their contributions collected here illustrate the phenomenon of cross-fertilization not only in Europe (the EU and its member states and the Council of Europe), but also between Europe and Asia. Furthermore, it reveals the influence that national and foreign law, EU law and the European Convention on Human Rights, and European and Asian law exert over one another.

    The various chapters cover general fundamental rights and human rights issues in Europe and Asia as well as specific topics regarding the principles of nondiscrimination, women’s rights, the right to freedom of speech in Japan, and China’s Development Banks in Asia.

    Protection of human rights should be guaranteed in the international community, and research based on a comparative law approach is useful for the protection of human rights at a higher level.  As the product of academic cooperation between ten professors of Japanese, Taiwanese, German, Italian, and Belgian nationalities, this work responds to such needs.

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  • Gerards, J. and E. Brems (eds.), Procedural Review in European Fundamental Rights Cases, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2017

    Traditionally, courts adjudicate fundamental rights cases by applying substantive tests of reasonableness or proportionality. Increasingly, however, European courts are also expressly taking account of the quality of the procedure that has led up to a fundamental rights interference. Yet this procedural review is far from uncontroversial. There still is a lack of clarity as to what 'procedural review' really means, what its potential for judicial decision-making is, how it relates and should relate to substantive review, and what its limitations are. Featuring contributions from experts in the field, this book is the first in-depth study into procedural review, considering the theoretical and conceptual issues at play, as well as the applicability of procedural review in different legal systems. It will therefore be of great importance to scholars and practitioners interested in fundamental rights adjudication in Europe, judicial reasoning and procedural justice.

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  • Moeckli, D. (et al.) (eds.), International Human Rights Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2018.

    Written by leading experts in the field, this textbook explores international human rights law in detail, from foundational issues to substantive rights and systems of protection. A variety of perspectives bring this subject to life, making International Human Rights Law the ideal companion for students of human rights.Breadth and depth of coverage provide a thorough and complete guide for students of international human rights law
    Takes students from philosophical foundations, through substantive rights, to contemporary issues and challenges
    Each chapter is written by an expert in their respective field, providing critical analysis and exposing the reader to a unique variety of perspectives
    Includes useful features such as chapter summaries, charts, and suggestions for further reading

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  • Smith, R.K.M., International Human Rights Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2018.

    Illustrating the scope of this fascinating and wide-reaching subject to the student, this clear and concise text gives a broad introduction to international human rights law. Coverage includes regional systems of protection, the role of the UN, and a variety of substantive rights. The author skilfully guides students through the complexities of the subject, and then prepares them for further study and research. Key cases and areas of debate are highlighted throughout, and a wealth of references to cases and further readings are provided at the end of each chapter.

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Database

  • Nijhoff, Human Rights and Humanitarian Law - Ebooks.  Fulltext searchable collections of book titles (monographs, edited volumes, and handbooks) as published annually by Martinus Nijhoff Publishers. Subject that are covered include public international law, law of the sea, international trade law, international labour law, environmental law, European law, Islamic law, international relations, international organizations, terrorism and legal history.
  • Oxford Reports, International Human Rights Law. The Oxford Reports on International Human Rights Law covers international decisions on human rights from a variety of global and regional courts. The Human Rights Law Centre at Nottingham University has selected those cases which are most important for gaining an understanding of the rights and freedoms guaranteed under the European Convention on Human Rights. IHRL will provide a comprehensive coverage of the key issues determined by the European Commission and Court to date. Cases selected include all plenary and grand chamber judgments at the admissibility and merits stage of proceedings, as well as other decisions and judgments of significance for their contribution to the development of the case law of the European Convention. This module will include approximately 500 decisions from year 1961 to 2007, and thereafter 150 per year (out of 900-1000 decisions per year).
  • United Nations Audiovisual Library of International Law, Human Rights Lecture Series. The Lecture Series contains a permanent collection of lectures of enduring value on virtually every subject of international law given by leading international law scholars and practitioners from different regions, legal systems, cultures and sectors of the legal profession. The lectures are organized by subject matter, under the headings on the left of the page. Additional information about the lecturer and, when available, a brief description of the lecture, as well as related materials (lecture outline, presentation slides, references, recommended readings, etc.) can be accessed by clicking the “read more” link underneath the lecture titles.

 

Blogs

  • Men and Boys as Hidden Victims of Sexual Violence

    Generally, victims of rape and other types of sexual violence are reluctant to speak out. Unfortunately, exclusion and stigmatization are the unavoidable corollary of acts of sexual violence. While there still is limited awareness, focus and advocacy on women’s rights in sexually violent circumstances, it is even less so when men are the victims of these crimes. Reflections on the male victims’ perspective to sexual violence in unrest inspired Sophia Ugwu and her team at Centre for African Justice Peace and Human Rights, a non-profit Foundation based in The Hague, to organise a Symposium on sexual violence perpetrated against the Male gender.

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  • The African Court on Human and Peoples’ Rights: Reflections on Recent Progress

    Recent years have seen the African Court begin to find its stride. Its willingness to expand its jurisdiction and defend vulnerable groups against powerful states has shown it to be a bold court with a desire to vigorously uphold its mandate to protect human rights on the Continent. Whilst it indeed seems that the Court has the aspiration to assert itself, the fact that so few states have deposited their Special Declarations allowing individuals and NGOs direct access to the Court continues to hamper its effectiveness. The Court’s outreach efforts to engage with states and civil society in response to this paucity of Special Declarations do appear to be having some success, however, progress has been slow and the Court may have to have recourse to other means to improve state engagement in future.

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  • Perspectives on Mass Violence: Peace and Conflict Studies and Genocide Studies Compared

    This week’s compelling guest blog compares the fields of Conflict Studies with Genocide Studies, its intriguing differences and similarities and the general lack of cross-pollination between them, even though they both deal with questions of collective violence and individual participation in violence. The author, Kjell Anderson, is a jurist and social scientist and works in both fields of Conflict Studies and Genocide studies.

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  • International Data Privacy Day 2018

    People’s personal data are being processed every second; at work, in their relations with public authorities, in the health field, when they buy goods or services, travel or surf the Internet. Individuals are generally unfamiliar with the risks related to the protection of their personal data and of their rights in this respect. “Respecting Privacy, Safeguarding Data and Enabling Trust” is the theme for Data Privacy Day 2018, an international effort held annually on January 28 to create awareness about the importance of privacy and protecting personal information. We have created a bibliographic overview on this topic intended as a starting point for research. It provides materials available in the Peace Palace Library catalogue, both in print and electronic format.

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  • Robots and Rights

    Recently, an intelligent and human looking robot named Sophia made global headlines when Saudi Arabia granted the humanoid robot Saudi citizenship. According to the headlines, Saudi Arabia became the first country to grant a robot citizenship. The news caused quite a stir – the female looking robot was not wearing a hijab, she was not accompanied by a male guardian and the robot was awarded citizenship, which made it look like a humanoid intelligent robot was given more rights than women and migrants living in Saudi Arabia. Saudi Arabia is known for its restrictive policy concerning women’s rights and Saudi women have only recenly been given the right to drive a car. Perhaps it is a bit premature to give an AI humanoid robots like Sophia citizenship rights. Was it a publicity stunt? Yes.

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  • Targeted Killing of European Foreign Terrorist Fighters in Syria and Iraq

    In recent years, a significant number of European nationals have travelled to Syria or Iraq to train and fight with terrorist groups such as the Islamic State (IS). This flow of foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) has posed serious security concerns for Europe, in particular with regards to the threat posed by FTFs returning to Europe to carry out terrorist attacks. In this context, it appears that a number of States have resorted to targeted strikes against their citizens in Syria and Iraq.

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  • Symposium and Book launch: "Women's Human Rights and the Elimination of Discrimination".

    On the occasion of International Women’s Day, a Symposium including a book launch of the latest publication of the Academy, “Women’s Human Rights and the Elimination of Discrimination,” took place in the Auditorium of the Academy building of the Peace Palace on Wednesday 8 March 2017. The symposium was opened by a word of welcome of professor Jean-Marc Thouvenin, Secretary-General of The Hague Academy of International Law. After the welcome address Ms. Saskia Bruines, the Deputy-Mayor of The Hague held a speech about gender equality, women in leadership positions. Unfortunately, the glass ceiling for women in career related matters has not yet been shattered.

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  • International Women's Day: 8 March 2017

    International Women’s Day is a global day celebrating the social, economic, cultural and political achievements of women. International Women’s Day is celebrated in many countries around the world. The day also marks a call to action for accelerating gender parity. On this day the Hague Academy of International Law will organize a symposium and the booklaunch of the Centre’s 2014 research programme “Women’s Human Rights and the Elimination of Discrimination= Les droits des femmes et l’élimination de la discrimination”.

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  • Universe of Nonsense

    In today’s malleable world of Big Data, wherein modern people use Google to know more but understand less, we risk forgetting how knowledge is created and how we can verify a fact. The internet would give us a more democratic and open media environment, but the opposite is true: we live in closed communities online, echo well show us what’s right, bubbles created algorithms which make us encounter only the news that confirms our worldview.This electronic world could lead to a feasible reality based on emotions, opinions, prejudices and places the truth based on objective facts more and more in the shade. All the battles for human rights and the call to freedom and justice will turn out meaningless.

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  • The Gerritsen Collection

    The Gerritsen Collection is a comprehensive collection of works pertaining to women’s history, but it also contains a plentitude of books, articles and essays relevant to peace history and the development of international law. The collection honors the legacy of famous peace heroes and feminists. To help educate the public about the 19th century peace movement, the Library – with the assistance from the Bertha von Suttner Project – has subscribed to this database for 2015.

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  • Human Trafficking: Prevention, Prosecution and Protection under International Law

    Despite restrictions and obligations under international law, it is estimated that $31.6 billion is illegally profiteered each year from human trafficking and forced labour of over 27 million people. Human trafficking or trafficking in persons is defined in the 2000 Palermo Protocol as “the recruitment, transportation, transfer, harbouring, or receipt of persons, by means of the threat or use of force or other forms of coercion of abduction, of fraud, of deception, of the abuse of power of a position of vulnerability or of the giving or receiving of payments or benefits to achieve the consent of a person having control over another person, for the purpose of exploitation.”

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  • Delfi AS v. Estonia: ECHR's decision on liability of websites for offensive online comments of its readers!

    On 16 June 2015 the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights has delivered the long awaited final judgment in the case of Delfi AS v. Estonia, a legal battle which was launched nine years ago. The Court ruled in favor of Estonia, embracing the idea that websites should be held liable for […]

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  • Delfi AS v. Estonia: ECHR's decision on liability of websites for offensive online comments of its readers!

    On 16 June 2015 the Grand Chamber of the European Court of Human Rights has delivered the long awaited final judgment in the case of Delfi AS v. Estonia. The Court ruled in favor of Estonia, embracing the idea that websites should be held liable for certain types of anonymous comments posted by users. The Court concluded that there was no violation of Article 10 of the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms. In this blog I will briefly discuss the background of this case on freedom of expression and the liability of user-generated content on websites and I will also quote the opinions of a few experts on the Delfi case.

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  • Mixed Migration Flows Across the Mediterranean: The EU Agenda on Migration

    Wars, conflict and persecution have forced more people than at any other time in history to flee their homes and seek refuge and safety elsewhere, according to UNHCR’s annual Global Trends Report: World at War, released on June 18, two days before world refugee day. One of the most recent and highly visible consequences of the world’s conflicts and the terrible suffering they cause has been the dramatic growth in the numbers of refugees seeking safety through dangerous sea journeys, including on the Mediterranean, in the Gulf of Aden and Red Sea, and in Southeast Asia.

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  • More Legal Protection for Journalists?

    On May first people around the world celebrate International Workers’ Day. Less known to the public are the festivities which take place Sunday, May third, in honor of World Press Freedom Day. On this date the international community celebrates the fundamental principles of press freedom; to evaluate press freedom around the world, to defend the media from attacks on their independence and to pay tribute to journalists who have lost their lives in the exercise of their profession.

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  • Border Controls and Human Rights: Migration in the Central Mediterranean

    The Central Mediterranean has, in the last years, turned into the epicentre of human (migrant) disasters. The Central Mediterranean route refers to the migratory flow coming from Northern Africa towards Italy and Malta through the Mediterranean Sea. Here, Libya often acts as nexus point where migrants from the Horn of Africa and Western African routes meet before embarking on their journey towards the EU.

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  • Should Police Officers Wear Body Cameras? The Mike Brown Law

    On 9 August the unarmed, afro-american 18-year-old boy, Michael Brown, was shot and killed by a 28-year-old caucasian police officer, Darren Wilson, in a working-class neighborhood in Ferguson, Mo. The shooting happened after police officer Wilson stopped Brown because he was jaywalking. Unfortunately both the police and the eyewitnesses tell a different story about what happened that evening. Eyewitnesses saw that Brown was shot while he trying to surrender but police officer Darren Wilson stated that Brown assaulted him just before the shooting.

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  • Nelson Mandela (1918-2013)

    Former South African President Nelson Mandela (Madiba) passed away on Thursday December 5, 2013, at age of 95, after a long illness at his home in Johannesburg. “I have fought against white domination, and I have fought against black domination. I have cherished the ideal of a democratic and free society in which all persons will live together in harmony with equal opportunities. It is an ideal which I hope to live for, and to see realised. But my Lord, if needs be, it is an ideal for which I am prepared to die.”

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  • International Refugee Law blog series I: Exclusion of Refugee Status: The Criminal Refugee

    In the western world it is possible you live next to a war criminal, or your child might be playing with the daughter of a war criminal at school. It is also possible to live there without a real prospect of obtaining a form of legal status and without being held criminally responsible for the alleged crime. Who are these people living in legal limbo? why are they still here? The exclusion of refugee status (1F Refugee Convention) and its consequences will be dealt with in this blog.

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  • Open Season for Whistleblowers? Snowden and the right to privacy

    One of the best known whistleblowers at the moment is Edward Snowden. Snowden gave certain selected NSA documents to the Guardian and the Washington Post because “I can’t in good conscience allow the U.S. government to destroy privacy, internet freedom and basic liberties for people around the world with this massive surveillance machine they’re secretly building”.

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  • Google Glasses and Privacy Rights in the Age of Wearable Computing

    The Google glass, reality enhancing, wearable computing that allows you to be connected to the net hands free while on the move, is not yet available for consumers. But already privacy right watchdogs ask themselves whether the Google Glass infringes the privacy rights of citizens. Will this gadget entail the end of privacy? Should we be afraid of the lurking abuse and the possibility of a surveillance state?

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  • A Worldwide Felt Need to End Violence against Women and Girls for Once and for All

    Several violent and cruel gang rapes in India and South Africa, and the death of Reeva Steenkamp, who was shot and killed inside the house of her Olympic athlete boyfriend, have brought the issue of violence against women to the public conscience. The tsunami of violence against women has shocked and dismayed people all over the globe and led to public outrage, protests and public debates. How should the Indian criminal justice system be improved? What will it take to end violence against women?

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  • Homeland, Zero Dark Thirty and Jack Bauer: Rendition, Torture and the Demise of American Values

    The latest in a series of Hollywood productions which reopened a debate about torture and extraordinary rendition is Zero Dark Thirty. Real life variations of Hollywood-scenarios have been unfolding as the US government has engaged in a program of extraordinary rendition since the Clinton Administration and which became widespread under the Bush Administration following the September 11 terrorist attacks.This blog examines Obama’s policy towards torture and (extraordinary) rendition.

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  • State Reform and Multilingualism: The Use of Papiamentu on Bonaire

    In 2010, an important State reform took place in the Kingdom of the Netherlands. Three little islands, Bonaire, St. Eustatius and Saba, too small to become a state in this federal Kingdom, are from October 10, 2010, governed by the Dutch Parliament in The Hague. The legislation introduced for these islands contained some paragraphs on language. The islands have their own home-languages, on Bonaire most of the inhabitants speak Papiamentu, on the other islands English is the common language. In the case of the island of Bonaire a language regulation had to be made, to codify rules on the use of written Papiamentu in government documents.

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  • The International Criminal Prosecution Of Gender Crimes

    When we first think about wars and armed conflicts, we very often think about battlefields, burned villages, wounded soldiers, air-bombs and tanks. We tend to forget that civilians, women and children in particular, are at the centre of warfare and frequently fall victim to sexual violence in staggering numbers. The international community and the UN Security Council have established that gender crimes are part of the most serious of international crimes and should therefore be of great concern to the international community as a whole. In spite of this, international crimes involving sexual violence continue to be one of the most difficult crimes to prosecute.

    This blog will briefly discuss the international criminal prosecution of gender crimes by various international legal institutions.

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  • The Fight for the Chagos Islands

    In the middle of the Indian Ocean, about halfway between India and Indonesia, some 500 km from the Maldives, lies a remote group of coralline islands called the Chagos Archipelago.  This chain of islands consists of seven atolls comprising a total of sixty individual tropical islands. In 1814, the Chagos Islands officially became British territory […]

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  • George Clooney, the Nuba, and SSP

    Searching for the political situation in Sudan and the plight of the Nuba people in particular, Mr Clooney’s name popped up together with SSP. SSP, “a game-changing collaboration, combining commercial satellite imagery, academic analysis, and advocacy to promote human rights in Sudan and South Sudan and serve as an early warning system for impending crisis’ was founded in 2010 on the initiative of George Clooney and John Prendergast.

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  • Suriname, Amnesty laws & the December Murder Trials

    On Friday April 13th 2012, a Surinamese military court was expected to comment on a recently adopted controversial Amnesty bill in the case regarding the December Murders of 1982 in which Desiré Delano (Desi) Bouterse, the current President of the Republic of Suriname, is the prime suspect.

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  • Picture this! The margins of media coverage of celebrities private lives, a balance between privacy and public interest

    If you are a public figure and a celebrity, how much privacy can you expect? How far can a journalist probe into a celebrity’s private life to get news in order to fulfill ‘the right to know’ factor for the public interest?
    In recent years the balance between the media’s right to expression and an individual’s right to privacy has always been tricky and has therefore given rise to much debate. This blog will discuss two judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) on Februari 7th 2012,….

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  • “People must be able to look one another in the eye”. Plans of the Dutch Government to ban face-covering clothing.

    The Dutch Government chose to ignore the advice of the Council of State concerning the ban on face-covering clothing. The Council of State, the advisory organ of the Government, heavily criticised the legislative proposal. First, the Council of State does not consider the complete ban as necessary and useful. Second, the Council of State is of the opinion that a ban on face covering clothing is an infringement of the freedom of religion.

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  • Dutch MP acquitted : freedom of expression prevails

    The Amsterdam Court has cleared Dutch Member of Parliament Geert Wilders of hate charges.

    According to the Dutch court his anti-islamic statements always fell within the bounds of legitimate political debate even if they were offensive to many Muslims. The Amsterdam Court found his rhetoric was “on the edge of what is legally permissible.” The statements were directed “against a religion as such and not against individual persons or a group of people.”

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  • A Licence to Kill? The assassination of Osama Bin Laden: Has the USA gone too far in acting as a policeman or was the raid justified?

    Osama Bin Laden (OBL) is dead. He was killed by a special ops team from the United States of America (USA), “after a firefight.” After OBL had been assassinated, the special team of SEALS took the deceased body of the dangerous mastermind terrorist and several hard drives from the compound in Abbottabad. Bin laden had been hiding there with his family for several years without being noticed. When the Pentagon researched the hard drives, it appeared that OBL had been planning new attacks, at least on several US cities and also on European locations. Upon hearing this news so many have sighed with relief that the secret services of the USA found out about these planned attacks before they could actually take place. Obama, President of the USA stated that “justice had been done” by executing OBL. But “what kind of justice” The assassination also led to a lot of questions and criticism: Was the raid justified?

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  • Is the right to self-determination of the entire population of Libya currently being violated by the Government of Gadhafi?

    Is the right to self-determination of peoples applicable to the present revolution – or civil war – in Libya? Can one claim that a State with a dictatorial regime is violating the right to self-determination of its own population?

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  • Egypt and its Constitution

    The 1971 Constitution of the Arab Republic of Egypt as amended to 2007 contains many articles relevant for the present situation.

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  • Latin American Amnesty Laws Annulled; the Struggle Against Impunity Continues

    Over the last two decades national courts all throughout Latin-America began to vigorously ‘attack’ Amnesty laws in order for investigations on human rights violations from the past to go forward. This Blog will briefly outline the causes that led to to these recent changes in Latin – American legal culture.

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  • The Nobel Peace Prize 2010: Liu Xiaobo

    Foto scanpize reuters handout The Norwegian Nobel Committee has decided to award the Nobel Peace Prize for 2010 to Liu Xiaobo for his long and non-violent struggle for fundamental human rights in China. The Norwegian Nobel Committee has long held the view that human rights and peace are closely linked. Human rights are essential for […]

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  • Euthanasia and Assisted Suicide

    If a patient suffers unbearably and when there is no prospect of improvement, some regard the termination of life of the patient as the only option to end the unendurable suffering as quickly as possible.In most countries the practice of euthanasia is illegal. Only in Washington (USA), Oregon (USA), Monatana (USA), The Netherlands, Belgium and Luxemburg, there are laws which permit the practice of euthanasia and assisted suicide under certain circumstances and when specific guidelines are followed. The Netherlands is the first country to legalise the practice of euthanasia. Since 2002 the Dutch Criminal Code of The Netherlands includes grounds for immunity from criminal liability. However, there are strict boundaries.

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  • Religion and Constitutional Rights

    Lately constitutional rights law cases are very much at the centre of public attention in the Netherlands. The cases have a common denominator: religion.

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  • Roma Rights in the European Union.

    In July 2010, The French government decided to begin to expel Roma’s, mainly from Romania and Bulgaria, as many of them were living in France illegally. This decision caused much controversy within the Institutions of the EU. This blog will briefly discuss in what way EU institutions have responded to recent Roma issues and what can be done to improve the position of this marginalized community in Europe.

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  • US court rules that US government funding for stem cell research breaks law protecting human embryos

    The Obama Administration is in favor of human embryonic stem cell research. Further research alongside other kinds of stem cell experimentation is vital to science and further medical study. It could help us understand the process of cell transformation and how diseases such as diabetes and blindness could be treated. James Sherley, an MIT scientist, and several other scientists however oppose to human embryonic stem cell research. They filed a case against the decision of the Obama administration to federally fund embryonic stem cell use research. The Federal District Court for the District of Columbia ruled that the federal funding of stem cell research breaks law protecting human embryos.

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  • Equality in the Line of Succession

    Gender equality legislation is sweeping the world. Constitutions and laws have been recognized by women’s rights activists as important instruments through which decision-making, influence and power are organized and exercised. In a few western countries these changes even touched a very ancient and traditional institution of government which over the centuries has preferably been reserved for males, that is, the institution of monarchy.

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  • Food Crisis

    The global increase in food prices will plunge millions of people into hunger worldwide. Starvation and food shortage already caused food riots and are threatening to destabilize regimes.

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See also

More Research guides on Les individus et le droit international

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