Union européenne

Introduction

Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

Vingt-sept États européens ont créé entre eux une Union européenne (UE) à laquelle ils ont confié certaines compétences pour atteindre des objectifs communs. Ces objectifs comprennent la promotion de la paix, le bien-être des peuples, et la promotion de certaines valeurs communes : le respect de la dignité humaine, la liberté, la démocratie, l'égalité, l'État de droit et le respect des droits de l'homme, y compris les droits des personnes appartenant à une minorité.  L'UE a aussi pour but d'offrir à ses citoyens une zone de liberté, de sécurité et de justice sans frontières intérieures, et un marché intérieur économiquement sain et durable. L'Union a mis en place une Union économique et monétaire dont la devise est l'euro. L'Union a également développé une politique étrangère et de sécurité commune. Dans ses relations avec le reste du monde, l'Union proclame et promeut ses intérêts et contribue à la protection de ses citoyens. L'Union dispose d'un cadre institutionnel qui a pour tâche de promouvoir les valeurs de l'UE, de réaliser ses objectifs, et de servir les intérêts des citoyens de l'UE et des États membres, à l'intérieur comme à l'extérieur de l'Europe. Les organes législatifs de l'UE sont le Parlement européen et le Conseil de l'Union européenne. La Commission est son organe exécutif.  La Commission veille à l'application du droit de l'Union par les États membres, et la Cour de justice de l'Union européenne, en tant qu'organe judiciaire de l'UE, veille à ce que les États membres appliquent correctement le droit de l'UE. La Banque centrale européenne veille au maintien de la valeur de l'euro et veille à la stabilité des prix dans la zone euro.

Le présent guide de recherche se veut un point de départ pour mener des recherches sur l'Union européenne. Il fournit les textes juridiques de base disponibles à la Bibliothèque du Palais de la Paix, qu'il s'agisse de documents imprimés ou de documents sous format électronique. La section intitulée "Bibliographie sélective" présente une sélection de manuels, d'articles importants, de bibliographies, de publications périodiques, de publications en série et de documents pertinents. Des liens permettent de rejoindre le catalogue PPL. Le code de classification de la bibliothèque 53a1. Union européenne généralités et le mot-matière (mots-clefs) Union Européenne permettent d'effectuer des recherches dans le catalogue. Une attention particulière est prêtée à nos inscriptions aux bases de données, revues électroniques, livres électroniques et autres ressources électroniques. Enfin, le présent guide de recherche contient des liens vers des sites Internet pertinents et d'autres ressources en ligne présentant un intérêt particulier.

Bibliographie

Books

Articles

Documents

 Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

Add comments -for instance if you think we missed something, or just to express your thoughts- about the bibliography in this research guide:

New titles


1. Eu environmental law and policy
Eu environmental law and policy / David Langlet and Said Mahmoudi. - New York : Oxford University Press, 2016. - XLI, 386 pages. ; 24 cm Includes bibliographical references and an index. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Environmental protection, Environmental policy, European environmental law,

2. The EU succession regulation
The EU succession regulation : a commentary / edited by Alfonso-Luis Calvo Caravaca, Angelo Davì, Heinz-Peter Mansel. - Cambridge, United Kingdom : Cambridge University Press, 2016. - XVII, 916 pages. ; 24 cm This publication is co-funded by the Civil Justice Programme of the European Union. - The book has its origin in the European Commission Research Project "The Europeanization of Private International Law of Successions" (JUST/2013/JCIV/AG/4000004710) led by Angelo Davì. - Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Regulation (EC) No 650/2012 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 4 July 2012 on jurisdiction, applicable law, recognition and enforcement of decisions and acceptance and enforcement of authentic instruments in matters of succession and on the creation of a European Certificate of Succession, Law of succession, Manuals,

3.
Le pacte constitutionnel européen / Antoine Bailleux. - Bruxelles : Groupe Larcier, Éditions Bruylant, 2015. - VI, 562 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Idées d'Europe) Includes bibliographical references and an index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, European integration, European constitutional law, Community law and national law,

4. Brexit
Brexit : What Have We Learned So Far? / Sophia Besch and James Black In: Survival : Global Politics and Strategy = ISSN 0039-6338: vol. 58, issue 5 (oct-nov), page 59-67. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, Brexit,

5. EU-Iran Relations After Brexit
EU-Iran Relations After Brexit / Seyed Hossein Mousavian In: Survival : Global Politics and Strategy = ISSN 0039-6338: vol. 58, issue 5 (oct-nov), page 83-94. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, Iran, European Union, Brexit, International relations,

6. Brexit
Brexit : une analyse factuelle / Jean Paul Jacqué In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 52, issue 4 (oct-dec), page 689-703. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, Brexit, Referendum, Politics, Government,

7. Le retrait de l'Union européenne
Le retrait de l'Union européenne : une analyse juridique / Christophe Hillion In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 52, issue 4 (oct-dec), page 719-734. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, Brexit, Community law,

8. "My tailor is rich"
"My tailor is rich" : Quels habits pour le Royaume-Uni? : étude des scénarios de l'après retrait / Francesco Martucci, Sébastien Platon In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 52, issue 4 (oct-dec), page 735-758. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, European Free Trade Association, Brexit, Economic policy, Community law,

9. Brexit et action extérieure de l'Union européenne
Brexit et action extérieure de l'Union européenne / sous la responsabilité de Isabelle Bosse-Platière et Catherine Flaesch-Mougin ; avec la participation de Carole Billet, Christine Delcourt, Anne Hamonic, Alan Hervé et Cécile Rapoport In: Revue trimestrielle de droit européen = ISSN 0035-4317: vol. 52, issue 4 (oct-dec), page 759-785. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, Common foreign and security policy, Brexit, International relations,

10. Dwang, verbod en grootse verwachtingen
Dwang, verbod en grootse verwachtingen : over het falende Europese asielbeleid / Maarten den Heijer, Jorrit Rijpma, Thomas Spijkerboer In: Nederlands juristenblad = ISSN 0165-0483: vol. 91, issue 24, page 1672-1682. - 2016
Keywords: The Netherlands, Syria, European Union, Refugees, Asylum, Convention Determining the State Responsible for Examining Applications for Asylum Lodged in one of the Member States of the European Communities (Dublin, 15 June 1990), Human rights,

11. Brexit
Brexit : over & out? / Stefaan Van den Bogaert, Armin Cuyvers In: Nederlands juristenblad = ISSN 0165-0483: vol. 91, issue 36, page 2666-2677. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, Brexit, Community law,

12. The Pivotal Relationship
The Pivotal Relationship : German Doubts and the Turkish-EU Accession Process / Gerald Knaus and Christian Altfuldisch. - Roma : Edizioni Nuova Cultura. - Pages 59-63 In: Global Turkey in Europe : Political, Economic, and Foreign Policy Dimensions of Turkey's Evolving Relationship with the EU / edited by Senem Aydın-Düzgit, Anne Duncker, Daniela Huber, E. Fuat Keyman and Nathalie Tocci, ISBN 9788868120603: (2013), Pages 59-63. - 2013
Keywords: Germany, Turkey, European Union, Accession, International politics, International relations,

13. The EU, Turkey, and the Arab Spring
The EU, Turkey, and the Arab Spring : Challenges and Opportunities for Regional Integration / Kemal Kirişci. - Roma : Edizioni Nuova Cultura. - Pages 195-220 In: Global Turkey in Europe : Political, Economic, and Foreign Policy Dimensions of Turkey's Evolving Relationship with the EU / edited by Senem Aydın-Düzgit, Anne Duncker, Daniela Huber, E. Fuat Keyman and Nathalie Tocci, ISBN 9788868120603: (2013), Pages 195-220. - 2013
Keywords: Arab Spring, Turkey, European Union, European neighbourhood policy, International politics, International relations,

14. Migracijska i izbjeglička kriza u Europi
Migracijska i izbjeglička kriza u Europi : države balkanskog migracijskog pravca između sekuritizacije i humanitarizma / Siniša Tatalović, Dario Malnar In: Međunarodni problemi = International problems = ISSN 0025-8555: vol. 68, issue 4, page 285-308. - 2016
Keywords: Balkans, European Union, Emigration and immigration, Conflict management, Humanitarian assistance, National security,

15. Product Liability Directive
Product Liability Directive / Duncan Fairgrieve, Geraint Howells, Peter Møgelvang-Hansen, Gert Straetmans, Dimitri Verhoeven, Piotr Machnikowski, André Janssen and Reiner Schulze. - Cambridge ; Antwerp ; Portland : Intersentia. - Pages 17-108 In: European Product Liability : An Analysis of the State of the Art in the Era of New Technologies / edited by Piotr Machnikowski, ISBN 9781780683980: (2016), Pages 17-108. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Liability for defective products, Innovation, Torts, Community law and national law,

16. Unity Amid Barbed Wire: Asylum Restrictions, European Integration and the Migration Crisis
Unity Amid Barbed Wire: Asylum Restrictions, European Integration and the Migration Crisis / Carl Thor Dahlman In: Journal of Peacebuilding and Development = ISSN 1542-3166: vol. 11, issue 3, page 8-22. - 2016
Keywords: Kosovo, Bosnia and Herzegovina, European Union, Common European Asylum System, Illegal immigrants, Asylum, Migration, Legal status, European integration,

17. Here, There and Everywhere
Here, There and Everywhere : Mobility Data in the EU (Help Needed: Where Is Privacy) / Raffaele Zallone In: Santa Clara computer and high technology law journal = ISSN 0882-3383: vol. 30, issue 1, page 57-88. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Internet, Electronic data, Data protection, Community law and national law,

18. Brexit and the UK Oil & Gas Sector
Brexit and the UK Oil & Gas Sector / John C. LaMaster & Marc Hammerson In: Denning law journal = ISSN 0269-1922: vol. 28, page 9-18. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, Brexit, Oil, Gas, Petroleum industry, Continental shelf, Free movement, Legal regime,

19. Does the Judgment of the CJEU in Gazprom Bring about Clarity on the Grant of Anti-Suit Injunctions under the Brussels I Regulation (Case Commentary)
Does the Judgment of the CJEU in Gazprom Bring about Clarity on the Grant of Anti-Suit Injunctions under the Brussels I Regulation (Case Commentary) / Jae Sundaram In: Denning law journal = ISSN 0269-1922: vol. 27, page 303-324. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters [Brussels, 22 December 2000], Injunctions, Energy, European private law, Case-law,

20. Exit
Exit / Elias Deutscher In: European Journal of Legal Studies = ISSN 1973-2937: vol. 9, issue 1, page 1-9. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, Brexit, Public interest,

Choix de bibliothécaire

  • Guild, E., BREXIT and its Consequences for UK and EU Citizenship or Monstrous Citizenship, Leiden, Brill Nijhoff, 2017.

    This book examines the result of the 23 June 2016 UK referendum on leaving the EU where 51.9% of the eligible voters who voted chose to leave. Politicians and media have stressed not only that leave means leave, but also that much of the British voting public was motivated to vote leave by issues of immigration and border control. Guild investigates how the issue of EU citizenship became transformed into a discussion about immigration through four themes: the negotiations between the UK and the EU before the referendum; the nature of and difference between British and EU citizenship; the issue of third country national family members and the fears incited by the referendum in light of the rejection of expertise.

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  • Peers, S., EU Justice and Home Affairs Law, Oxford EU Law Library, Oxford, fourth edition, 2016.

    • A detailed and thorough overview, analysis, and critique of the immigration and asylum law and practice of the European Union
    • Fully updated to include all relevant EU legislation and case law since the 3rd edition
    • Future developments be discussed and linked to on the EU Law Analysis blog and searchable by chapter
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  • Haratsch, A., C. Koenig, M. Pechstein, T. Fuchsa & P. Kubicki, Europarecht, 10. Auflage, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2016.

    Das Lehrbuch »Europarecht« wendet sich sowohl an den Studenten mit dem Pflichtfach Europarecht als auch an den Wahlpflichtkandidaten, ist aber auch für den juristischen Praktiker geeignet, da es einen schnellen Zugang zur Materie ermöglicht.

    Aus Rezensionen zu vorherigen Auflagen:
    »Nicht nur die leserfreundliche Darstellung, sondern und gerade die tiefgehende und zugleich klar verständliche Illustration der – bisweilen – komplexen Rechtsmaterie und das Ineinandergreifen mit dem nationalen Recht gelingt den Verfassern auf eine besonders meisterhafte Weise. […] Daher sollte dieses Standardlehrwerk im Bücherregal jedes Juristen zu finden sein und die Lektüre von keinem Juristen vernachlässigt werden.«

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  • Mitsilegas, V., M. Bergström and T. Konstadinides (eds.), Research Handbook on EU Criminal Law, Cheltenham; Northampton, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016.

    EU criminal law is one of the fastest evolving, but also challenging, policy areas and fields of law. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and advanced analysis of EU criminal law as a structurally and constitutionally unique policy area and field of research. With contributions from leading experts, focusing on their respective fields of research, the book is preoccupied with defining cross-border or ‘Euro-crimes’, while allowing Member States to sanction criminal behaviour through mutual cooperation. It contains a web of institutions, agencies, and external liaisons, which ensure the protection of EU citizens from serious crime, while protecting the fundamental rights of suspects and criminals.

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  • Łazowski, A. & S. Blockmans, Research handbook on EU Institutional Law, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2016.

    Research Handbook on EU Institutional Law offers a critical look into the European Union: its legal foundations, competences and institutions. It provides an analysis of the EU legal system, its application at the national level and the prevalent role of the Court of Justice. Throughout the course of the Handbook the expert contributors discuss whether the European Union is well equipped for the 21st century and the numerous crises it has to handle. They revisit the call for an EU reform made in the Laeken Conclusions in 2001 to verify if its objectives have been achieved by the Treaty of Lisbon and in daily practice of the EU institutions. The book also delves into the concept of a Europe of different speeds, which - according to some - is inevitable in the EU comprising 28 Member States. Overall, the assessment of the changes introduced by the Lisbon Treaty is positive, even if there are plenty of suggestions for further reforms to re-fit the EU for purpose.

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  • Ferreira, N., T.Kostakopoulou, J.Bradshaw, J. Bradshaw & S. Gola (eds.), The Human Face of the European Union: Are EU law and Policy Humane Enough?, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, 2016.

    This collection asks a direct but complex question: is the EU humane enough? The implementation of EU law and policy and its balance between economic and social values continues to provoke debate. Providing fresh insight, Nuno Ferreira and Dora Kostakopoulou present a novel analytical framework, centred on the notion of humaneness, for assessing EU law and policy. This innovative approach leads to recommendations for policy change towards a more humanistic philosophy for the EU. Broad in its scope, this remarkable volume draws together interdisciplinary perspectives from contributors who examine key EU law and policy fields, including economic integration, asylum and free movement, citizenship and development, and security.

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Database

EUR-Lex provides free access to European Union law and other documents considered to be public. The collection  include  treaties, international agreements, legislation in force, preparatory acts, case-law and parliamentary questions.

The European e-Justice Portal implemented by the Commission in very close cooperation with EU countries, provides a wealth of information and links on laws and practices in all EU countries. The resources range from information on legal aid, judicial training, European small claims and videoconferencing to links to legal databases, online insolvency and land registers. It also includes user-friendly forms for various judicial proceedings, such as the European order for payment. The portal benefits citizens, businesses, lawyers and judges with cross-border legal questions and boosts mutual understanding of different legal systems by contributing to the creation of a single European area of justice.

Blogs

  • A Present for the EU at 60

    On the eve of the 60th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome, the EU seems to be besieged by problems, challenges and disasters. Recently, leading proponents of the EU expressed the belief that their Union is tormented by a modern version of the biblical plagues of Egypt. However, the EU will be well-advised to use the occasion for taking a long, hard look at itself. Notably, the way in which the EU presents itself on the Europaserver is indicative for its lack of self-confidence.

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  • The EU Migration Crisis and Moral Obligations

    The European Union is currently coping with the world’s biggest migrant crisis since World War II. A record number of 107,500 migrants reached the EU’s borders last month.Large numbers of desparate migrants and refugees from the Middle East and Africa are trying to enter the European Union every day. Apart from this there are also many illegal immigrants who have entered the EU undetected. A conserable number of them have died during their attempt. According to a report of the UNHCR, around 2500 migrants who were trying to reach and enter the European Union have died or gone missing in the past year.

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  • Wine and... European Law?!

    At first glance wine and European Law don’t have to do much with each other. However, when one analyzes the relationship in depth, the legal aspects of wine have been (and still are) significantly important for the legal integration of the European Union and the creation of the common market. This blog focuses on these legal aspects in four judgments of the European Court of Justice and its predecessors.

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  • In Want of Democratic Legitimacy: Four Presidents searching for the Soul of Europe

    In the midst of the crisis concerning the place of Greece in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the European Union (EU), the European Council will discuss a report on better economic governance in the Euro Area. As the ‘analytical note’ has been drafted by the Presidents of the European Commission, the Council, the Euro Group and the ECB, the report is referred to in inner circles as the Four Presidents’ Report.

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  • The Data Retention Saga: Dutch Court Declared National Data Retention Law Invalid!

    On March 11, 2015, the district court of The Hague in the Netherlands declared the country’s 2009 Telecommunications Data Retention Act invalid. This decision was a foreseeable effect because of a previous judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union concerning the annulment of the European Directive on data retention on April 8, 2014. It seems now that European Member States are starting to face the consequences of that annulment. The cause of this is the fact that the European judgement did not automatically make national data retention legislation invalid. I will briefly discuss the case of the Dutch national data retention law.

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  • A Soul for Europe

    There is sincere doubt as to whether it will ever be possible to define the European Union. It depends on the perspective of the beholder, which she or he is likely to conclude about the nature of the Union. The present blogger tends to simultaneously agree and disagree with the authors. He concedes that the perspective from which one investigates the European Union, may determine to a large extent the conclusions which that person is likely to draw. The purpose of this blog is to describe the Union from various perspectives in a number of different ways.

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  • The Eurasian Economic Union as a Geopolitical and Economic Counterweight to the European Union: the Case of Armenia

    The Eurasian Economic Union is the next step in Eurasian economic integration. It will function as a common market with a customs union and has the aim of providing the free movement of goods, services, capital and workforce and conducting common policies in key economic sectors, such as energy and agriculture. The EEU was established in 2014 between Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia. A the treaty to enlarge the EEU by including Armenia was signed in October. In this blog we’ll discuss the main reasons for Armenia to join the EEU instead of choosing the path of closer cooperation with the European Union.

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  • The Identity of the European Union

    The question concerning the nature of the EU has been one of the most contested political and academic issues of the last fifty years. From the outset, the debate about European integration has been dominated by the dilemma as to whether the project should result in the emergence of a sovereign state of Europe or in the formation of a Europe of sovereign states. This line of thought leads to the suggestion that, anno 2014, the identity of the EU may be described with the following words: the EU is a Union of citizens and member states which functions as a common democracy.

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  • European Court of Justice Clarification of the Research and Private Study Exception to Copyright Infringement for Libraries

    On Thursday 11 September 2014, the European Court of Justice ruled on the meaning of the research and private study exception to copyright infringement for libraries, educational establishments, museums and archives. The Court decided that libraries are allowed to digitise books and make them available to the public at e-reading points within its vicinity, without the author’s permission. The judgment was issued in Case C-117/13, Technische Universität Darmstadt v Eugen Ulmer KG.

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  • Connecting Habermas with International Law

    The financial crisis has intensified the debate about the feasibility of the European Union as a new phenomenon in international law. In his essay ‘On Europe’s Constitution’, philosopher Jürgen Habermas underlines that he regards the EU as a step in the direction of a politically constituted world order. In an 2012 interview Habermas focuses on the conceptual challenges of the EU by asking the quintessential question: How should we imagine a for closer co-operation necessary, supranational association which complies with stringent demands of democratic legitimacy without assuming the shape of a state?

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  • ECJ Judgment: Private Copying Levy Cannot Include Copies Made from Unlawful Sources!

    The European Court of Justice has been pretty busy the past weeks. On Tuesday, April 8th 2014, the Court has declared the Data Retention Directive invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. On Thursday, April 10th 2014, the Court has given its verdict on a complicated Dutch case involving the home-copying exception of European copyright legislation, and the associated use of copyright levies on blank media.

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  • The Origins of EU and EMU: Towards a Post-Westphalian Paradigm

    The theoretical hallmark of the European Union is its flexible approach to sovereignty. According to the Westphalian system of international relations which forms the prevailing paradigm in international law and lies at the heart of the organisation of the United Nations, sovereignty is one and indivisible. States are sovereign and without sovereignty there is no State. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, Philosopher of Law, Director of Euroknow and Creator of the Boardgame Eurocracy.

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  • Exit Data Retention Directive: a Victory for Privacy in Europe!

    Last Tuesday, April 8, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Data Retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC, 15 March 2006) invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. In the view of the Court, the requirement in the Data Retention Directive for mobile operators and internet service providers to retain data interfered in a “particularly serious manner with the fundamental rights to respect for private life and to the protection of personal data”.

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  • Europe: Backwards or Forwards?

    In an apocalyptic essay, written at the height of the euro-crisis in 2012, Joseph Weiler predicted that the European Union will turn on its member-states in a similar way as the Golem of Prague persecuted its creators in the 16th century. The author paves the way for this conclusion by attributing a dimension of ‘political messianism’ to the statements of the founding fathers, which turns the Schuman-declaration into a roadmap to ‘the Promised Land’. As messianic narratives are doomed to collapse, the European project is set to disappoint and alienate the populace as well. Consequently, the EU creates the conditions for its own destruction.

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  • Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

    For decades, the process of European integration has been hampered by the predominance of the Westphalian system of international relations. According to this system, which owes its name to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the process of European integration had to result either in the creation of a federal European state or in the establishment of a confederal union of states. Founded in 1992, the EU defied the Westphalian paradigm from the outset.

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  • Ukraine, Moving East or West?

    Although Yanukovych has claimed many times to seek good ties with Russia and the EU simultaneously, it seems that by refusing to sign the Association Agreement (AA) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU last November, the power balance is tipping towards Russia. As an alternative to further EU integration, Russia has been actively promoting Ukraine to join the Russian-led Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, which in the future could progress towards a further integrated Eurasian Union.

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  • Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    The Italian banker and politician Padoa-Schioppa used to describe Great-Britain as the Venice of Europe. Drawing a comparison between the Italian unification in the 19th century and the present process of European integration, Padoa-Schioppa suggested that the UK is and will remain as reluctant to give up the pound in favour of euro as Venice has been to join the Italian lira. The implication of the comparison is, of course, that, however grudgingly, in the end the UK will accept the common European currency as well.

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  • The European Union as a Common Democracy

    As a young democracy the EU urgently needs to strengthen its legitimacy and accountability. The transition from a traditional union of nation states to a polity of citizens and member states requires a fundamental adjustment of governance structures. The primordial challenge for the coming decades is therefore to address the democratic deficit and to turn the EU into a living democracy.

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  • A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    On June 28th 2011 Peter Kooijmans participated in a conference about the place of the EU in international law, which was held in the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace under the auspices of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and the Carnegie Foundation. According to a blog on this website, one of the participants started the debate on the presumption that ‘the EU is a thing for which lawyers have no name’.

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  • Cameron and the Intricacies of the Westphalian System of International Relations

    In his long-awaited speech on Europe British Prime Minister David Cameron criticised the EU for its lack of democracy. PM Cameron is right insofar as the citizens of the EU can’t elect their own European government and miss the power to vote their leaders out of office. However, Cameron’s criticism would only be justified if the EU were to be considered as a sovereign state like the UK, France or Germany.

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  • The EU and the Nobel Peace Prize: Who will say thank you?

    European Council President Herman Van Rompuy or Jose-Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission or Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament? Together they will fly to Oslo on December 10 to represent the main institutions of the EU at the acceptance ceremony for the Nobel Peace Prize 2012.

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  • The Novelty of the EU

    For decades, the debate about the future of the European Union has been dominated by the dilemma whether the EU was to become a federal state or should establish itself as a union of states. After the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, however, it may be suggested that the deadlock in the debate about the finalité politique has been broken. The gist of this blog is to argue that the Lisbon Treaty construes the EU as a democracy without turning the Union into a state. This conclusion can be underpinned as follows.

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  • Internet governance 2012: Who should control the Internet?

    In the last twenty years, the Internet has had a tremendous impact on society and the term “Internet governance” was introduced. At first it was mainly used to describe the technical management of the Internet such as domain names and internet protocols. Nowadays governance refers to questions like “Do we all accept our responsibilities to safeguard the continued development of the Internet as a global, open and safe virtual environment? and Who sets the rules? In this blog I will give a few highlights of the current developments of internet governance on an International and (as well as on) an European level.

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  • The EU as a democratic polity in international law

    On June 28, 2011 a conference was held about The European Union (hereafter EU) as a Polity in International Law at the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference was held at the initiative of Mr. Jaap Hoeksma, Director of Euroknow. This initiative was supported by Dr P. H. Kooijmans, Prof Dr L-J Brinkhorst, Dr W.F. van Eekelen, Dr W.van Gerven and Dr Th. van Boven.

    The theme of the conference was the legal status of the European Union and its relationship with international law.From its inception, the main goal of the European Union and its integration in the legal as well as political systems of the Member states has been faced with conceptual problems regarding the final goal of the establishment of the European Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss whether the Lisbon Treaty has overcome the problems by constructing the EU as a democratic polity without turning the Union into a state. If so, what are the consequences for the place of the EU as a polity in international law and for its role in international relations?

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  • European nuclear safety after the Japanese Fukushima disaster

    On Friday 11 March 2011, Japan was struck by a devastating earthquake and tsunami, also known as the Tōhoku earthquake. Japan’s nuclear crisis that was caused by the earthquake and tsunami has so far evoked many questions and worries about the safety of nuclear energy just like the Chernobyl disaster evoked responses in the 1980s. It raises questions about the possible impact of nuclear energy industry on safety and health. Several European countries have discussed the use of nuclear energy and safety measures or have temporarily shut down nuclear reactors since the Japanese earthquake of 11 March 2011.

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  • International and European criminal measures on intellectual property rights

    On October 2, 2010, the 11th and final round of the negotiations for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was concluded successfully in Tokyo, Japan. The Government of Japan hosted the negotiations. Participants in the negotiations included Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) – represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the […]

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  • Roma Rights in the European Union.

    In July 2010, The French government decided to begin to expel Roma’s, mainly from Romania and Bulgaria, as many of them were living in France illegally. This decision caused much controversy within the Institutions of the EU. This blog will briefly discuss in what way EU institutions have responded to recent Roma issues and what can be done to improve the position of this marginalized community in Europe.

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See also

More Research guides on Organisations et Relations internationales