Assasination at Sarajevo : a collection of contemporary documents.
This document is a reproduction of an advertisement from the Manchester Guardian, Tuesday August 4 1914, with an announcement of the Neutrality League calling for England's neutrality in the conflicts between Russia, France, and Germany leading up to World War I.
Text on poster
The Manchester Guardian, Tuesday 4 1914
Neutrality League anouncement no 2 :
Britons do your duty and keep your Country out of a wicked and stupid war. Small but powerfull cliques are trying to rush you into it ; you must destroy the plot to-day or it will be too late.
Ask yourself : Why should we go to war?
The War party say: We must maintain the Balance of Power, because if Germany were to annex Holland or Belgium she would be so powerful as to threaten us ; or because we are bound by treaty to fight for the neutrality of Belgium ; or because we are bound by our agreements with france to fight for her.
All these reasons are false. The war party does not tell the truth. The facts are these :
1. If we took side with Russia and France, the balance of power would be upset as it has never been before. It would make the military Russian Empire of 160,000,000 the dominant Power of Europe. You know the kind of country Russia is.
2. We are not bound to join in a general European war to defend the neutrality of Belgium. Our treaties expressly stipulate thar our obligations under them shall not compel us to take part in a general European warin order to fulfil them. And if we are to fight for the neutrality of Belgium, we must be prepared to fight France as well as germany.
3. The Prime Minister and sir Edward Grey have both emphatically and solemnly declared in the House of Commons that we have no undertaking whatever, written or spoken, to go to war for France. We discharged our obligations in the Morocco affair. The Entente Cordiale was a pact of peace and not a alliance for war.
4. If Germany did attempt to annex any part of Belgium, Holland or Normandy - and there is no reason to suppose that she would attempt such a thing - she would be weaker than she is now, for she would have to use all her forces for holding her conquest down. She would have so many difficulties like those arising out of Alsace that she would have to leave other nations alone so much as possible. But we do not know in the least that she would do these things . It would be monstruous to drag this country into war on so vague a suspicion.
It is your Duty to Save our Country from this Disaster.
Act to-day or it may be too late
Write your member that you will try and turn him out at the next election if he does not use his influence with the Goverment on the side of peace.
Get your local notables to hold meeting of protest against England taking part in the war.
Make your Trade Union, I.L.P., or B.S.P. branch pass strong resolutions.
Persuade your Clergyman or Minister to urge the need for standing clear.
Send letters to your newspapers.
There are thousand things you can do if you really love your country.
Distribute the leaflets of the Neutrality League.
We want thousands of helpers ! Write or call at our temporarily offices:
D. Robertson, alisbury Hotel, Salisbury Square, Fleet Street
George Benson, 8, York Street, Manchester
This document is part of "Assasination at Sarajevo : a collection of contemporary documents."
10 reproductions and 2 transcripts of contemporary documents with 7 explanatory broadsheets in portfolio.
Jackdaw no 37
Editor : Sylvie Nickels.
The collection consists of:
1. Photographs of the events in Sarajevo before and after the assassination --
2. Photograph of the conspirators at their trial --
3a. The Austro-Hungarian telegram declaring war on Serbia --
3b. Translation of Exhibit 3a --
4a. Copy of a letter from Veljko Cubrilovic to his daughter --
4b. Translation of Exhibit 4a --
5. Advertisement from the Manchester Guardian --
6. Selection of press clippings, August 1914 --
7. Part of the draft of a telegram sent by Sir Edward Grey to H.M. Ambassador in Vienna, July 24th, 1914 --
8. Foreign Office memoranda for July 25th, 1914 --
9. Note to Sir Edward Grey from Sir Arthur Nicolson, July 27th, 1914 --
10. Translation of a message from Berlin to the German Ambassador in London, August 3rd, 1914 --
11. Translation of an intercepted message from Berlin to the German Ambassador in London, August 4th, 1914 --
Draft of Britain's declaration of war on Germany, August 4th, 1914. Broadsheets: 1, Why Sarajevo? ; 2, The victims ; 3, The assassins 4, Ultimatum ; 5, Europe's reaction ; 6. The British reaction.