Photograph of Friedrich Fromhold Martens, or Friedrich Fromhold von Martens in German, also known as Fyodor Fyodorovich Martens (Фёдор Фёдорович Мартенс) in Russian and Frédéric Frommhold (de) Martens in French (1845-1909), diplomat and jurist in service of the Russian Empire, Second Delegate of H.M. the Tsar of Russia, President of the Second Commission. De Martens made important contributions to the science of international law (the Martens Clause), and helped to settle the first cases of international arbitration, notably the dispute between France and Great Britain over Newfoundland. As a scholar, he is probably best remembered today for having edited 15 volumes of Russian international treaties (1874–1909).
Photograph published in Conférence de la Paix, La Haye, Mai-Juillet 1899: Exemplaire de M. le Jonckheer J.C.N. van Eys, ministre-résident de S.M. la Reine, secrétaire général de la Conférence, Paris/Varsovie, B. Matuszewski. Photographic album on the occasion of the First Hague Peace Conference of 1899. Photograph taken by Bolesław Matuszewski (1856-c.1943 or 1944), Polish businessman, photographer and cameraman, pioneer of cinematography and documentary film. Matuszewski was photographer to Tsar Nicolas II since 1897.
Photo Albums of the First Hague Peace Conference of 1899
In the collection of the Peace Palace Library three albums are treasured with historical photos of the First Hague Peace Conference of 1899. These three albums were a gift to Jonkheer J.C.N. van Eys, Secretary-General of the Conference, to the Dutch Foreign Minister and Honorary President Mr. W.H. de Beaufort, and to Jonkheer A.P.C. van Karnebeek, Vice-President of the Conference. The persons who had an important task or were part of the organizational committee all received a personalized photo album with red cover and golden letters: ‘Conference de la Paix, La Haye 1899’. Wilhelmina, queen of host country The Netherlands, received a more luxurious version of the album with her portrait displayed at the front cover.
The high quality photos shown in the albums were taken by Polish photographer Bolesław Matuszewski (1856-c.1943 or 1944). Matuszewski was photographer at the Imperial Court of Tsar Nicholas II from 1897 onwards. The assignment given to him must have been quite extensive as besides the many photos he took at the Conference he also portrayed most of the heads of States of the Nations represented at the Conference.