Foreign Direct Investment

Introduction

Foreign Direct Investment - Research Guide International Law

Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) is a category of investment that reflects the objective of establishing a lasting interest by a resident enterprise in one economy in an enterprise that is resident in an economy other than that of the direct investor. The lasting interest implies the existence of a long-term relationship between the direct investor and the direct investment enterprise and a significant degree of influence on the management of the enterprise. The direct or indirect ownership of 10% or more of the voting power of an enterprise resident in one economy by an investor resident in another economy is evidence of such a relationship.

The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) is an autonomous international institution established under the Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States. The primary purpose of ICSID is to provide facilities for conciliation and arbitration of international investment disputes. The ICSID Convention is a multilateral treaty formulated by the Executive Directors of the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (the World Bank). It was opened for signature on March 18, 1965 and entered into force on October 14, 1966.

Although ICSID is considered to be the leading international arbitration institution devoted to investor-State arbitration, the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) agreement between the European Union and the United States included an investor-state dispute settlement (ISDS) mechanism, whereby individual foreign investors may bring claims against host state governments for breach of the TTIP’s investment protection standards. This ISDS system is comparable to what has been included in agreements such as the Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) between the EU and Canada, the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA 'Chapter 11'), and the Central American Free Trade Agreement (CAFTA-DR).

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research in the field of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI). It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library's systematic classification → Public international law and subject heading (keyword) Foreign Direct Investment are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

New titles


1. Building international investment law
Building international investment law : the first 50 years of ICSID / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain. - Alphen aan den Rijn, the Netherlands : Kluwer Law International, 2016. - LII, 723 pages. ; 25 cm Includes bibliographical references and an index. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington, D.C., 18 March 1965),

2. Applicable Law under the ICSID Convention: the Tortured History of the Interpretation of Article 42
Applicable Law under the ICSID Convention: the Tortured History of the Interpretation of Article 42 : Wena Hotels v. Egypt, ICSID Case NO. ARB/98/4, Award and Decision on Annulment / W. Michael Reisman and Mahnoush H. Arsanjani. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 3-11 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 3-11. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Choice of law, Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington, D.C., 18 March 1965),

3. The Use of the ILC's attribution Rules in Investment Arbitration
The Use of the ILC's attribution Rules in Investment Arbitration / James Crawford and Paul Mertenskötter. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 27-42 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 27-42. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, International Law Commission, State responsibility,

4. On Burden and Standard of Proof
On Burden and Standard of Proof / Gary B. Born. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 43-54 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 43-54. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Evidence,

5. Res Judicata
Res Judicata : ConocoPhilips v. Venezuela, ICSID Case NO. ARB/07/30 / Charles N. Brower & Paula F. Henin. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 55-69 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 55-69. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Res iudicata, Cases,

6. Precedent & Jurisprudence Constante
Precedent & Jurisprudence Constante : AES v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/17 / Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf and Guled Yusuf. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 71-81 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 71-81. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Stare decisis, Cases,

7. Rules of Interpretation and Investment Arbitration
Rules of Interpretation and Investment Arbitration : CEMEX v. Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/08/15 / Laurence Boisson de Chazournes. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 13-25 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 13-25. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Interpretation, Direct effect, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969), Cases,

8. The Tipping Point
The Tipping Point : SPP v. Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/84/3 / Jan Paulsson. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 85-95 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 85-95. - 2016
Keywords: Egypt, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Jurisdiction, Cases,

9. The Long March towards a Jurisprudence Constante on the Notion of Investment
The Long March towards a Jurisprudence Constante on the Notion of Investment : Salini v. Morocco, ICSID Case No. ARB/00/4 / Emmanuel Gaillard & Yas Banifatemi. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 97-125 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 97-125. - 2016
Keywords: Morocco, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Investment arbitration, Foreign direct investment, Legal concept, Jurisdiction, Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington, D.C., 18 March 1965), Cases,

10. Legality of Investment
Legality of Investment : Fraport v. Philippines I, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/25, Fraport v. Philippines II, ICSID Case No. ARB/11/12 / Jean Kalicki, Dmitri Evseev & Mallory Silberman. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 127-139 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 127-139. - 2016
Keywords: Philippines, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Investment arbitration, Foreign direct investment, Legality, Bilateral investment treaties, Jurisdiction, Cases,

11. Criteria to Determine Investor Nationality (Juridical Persons)
Criteria to Determine Investor Nationality (Juridical Persons) : Tokios Tokelės v. Ukraine, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/18 / Pierre Tercier and Nhu-Hoang Tran Thang. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 141-152 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 141-152. - 2016
Keywords: Ukraine, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Investment arbitration, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties, Nationality, Jurisdiction, Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington, D.C., 18 March 1965), Cases,

12. Criteria to Determine Investor Nationality (Natural Persons)
Criteria to Determine Investor Nationality (Natural Persons) : Soufraki v. UAE, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/7 / Christoph Schreuer. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 153-161 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 153-161. - 2016
Keywords: United Arab Emirates, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Investment arbitration, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties, Nationality, Jurisdiction, Cases,

13. Continous Nationality Rule in Investor-State Arbitration
Continous Nationality Rule in Investor-State Arbitration : Loewen v. United States, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/98/3 / Piero Bernardini. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 163-174 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 163-174. - 2016
Keywords: United States of America, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Nationality, Jurisdiction, North American Free Trade Agreement, Cases,

14. Restructuring Investment to Achieve Investment Treaty Protection
Restructuring Investment to Achieve Investment Treaty Protection : Mobil v. Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/27 / Stephen Jagusch, Anthony Sinclair and Manthi Wickramasooriya. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 175-190 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 175-190. - 2016
Keywords: Venezuela, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Investment treaties, Most-favoured-nation clause, Nationality, Jurisdiction, Cases,

15. The Meaning of "Foreign Control" under Article 25(2)(B) of the ICSID Case No. ARB/92/1
The Meaning of "Foreign Control" under Article 25(2)(B) of the ICSID Case No. ARB/92/1 / V.V. Veeder & Andrew Legg. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 191-202 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 191-202. - 2016
Keywords: Ghana, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Nationality, Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington, D.C., 18 March 1965), Cases,

16. Indirect Shareholders Claims
Indirect Shareholders Claims : CMS v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/8 / Gabriel Bottini. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 203-218 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 203-218. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Shareholders, Jurisdiction, Cases,

17. Preconditions to Arbitration and Consent of States to ICSID Jurisdiction
Preconditions to Arbitration and Consent of States to ICSID Jurisdiction : Wintershall v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/04/14 / Pierre-Marie Dupuy. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 219-235 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 219-235. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Exhaustion of domestic remedies, Consent, Jurisdiction, Cases,

18. Waiver of Local Remedies and Limitation Periods
Waiver of Local Remedies and Limitation Periods : Waste Management v. Mexico I, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)98/2 : Grand River v. US, UNCITRAL / Andrea K. Bjorklund. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 237-250 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 237-250. - 2016
Keywords: Mexico, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Exhaustion of domestic remedies, Waivers, Jurisdiction, North American Free Trade Agreement, Cases,

19. Maffezini v. Plama: Reflections on the Jurisprudential Schism in the Application of Most-Favored-Nation Clauses to Matters of Dispute Settlement
Maffezini v. Plama: Reflections on the Jurisprudential Schism in the Application of Most-Favored-Nation Clauses to Matters of Dispute Settlement : Maffezini v. Spain, ICSID Case No. ARB/97/7, Plama v. Bulgaria, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/24 / Stephan W. Schill. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 251-265 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 251-265. - 2016
Keywords: Bulgaria, Spain, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Most-favoured-nation clause, Jurisdiction, North American Free Trade Agreement, Cases,

20. The Minimum Standard of Treatment, Glamis Gold, and Neer's Enduring Influence
The Minimum Standard of Treatment, Glamis Gold, and Neer's Enduring Influence : Glamis v. US, UNCITRAL / Jeremy K. Sharpe. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 269-281 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 269-281. - 2016
Keywords: United States of America, United Nations Commission on International Trade Law, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Minimum standard, National treatment, North American Free Trade Agreement, Cases,

21. Fair and Equitable Treatment: Legitimate Expectations and Transparency
Fair and Equitable Treatment: Legitimate Expectations and Transparency : Tecmed v. Mexico, ICSID Case NO. ARB(AF)/00/2 / Lucy Reed and Simon Consedine. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 283-294 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 283-294. - 2016
Keywords: Mexico, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, National treatment, Cases,

22. Fair and Equitable Treatment: Denial of Justice
Fair and Equitable Treatment: Denial of Justice : Mondev v. US, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/99/2 / Margrete Stevens & Doak Bishop. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 295-305 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 295-305. - 2016
Keywords: United States of America, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, National treatment, Denial of justice, Cases,

23. Arbitrary and Discriminatory Treatment
Arbitrary and Discriminatory Treatment : Lemire v. Ukraine, ICSID Case No. ARB/06/18 / Vaughan Lowe. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 307-318 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 307-318. - 2016
Keywords: Ukraine, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, National treatment, Discrimination, Cases,

24. The Evolution of the Full Protection and Security Standard
The Evolution of the Full Protection and Security Standard : AAPL v. Sri Lanka, ICSID Case No. ARB/87/3, Azurix v. Argentina, ICSID case No. ArB/01/12 / Stanimir A. Alexandrov. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 319-329 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 319-329. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, Sri Lanka, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Protection, Cases,

25. Property Rights as the Object of an Expropriation
Property Rights as the Object of an Expropriation : Emmis v. Hungary, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/2 / Zachary Douglas. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 331-348 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 331-348. - 2016
Keywords: Hungary, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Contracts, Property, Expropriation, Cases,

26. Indirect Expropriation
Indirect Expropriation : Sante Elena v. Costa Rica, ICSID Case No. ARB/96/1, TECMED v. Mexico, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/00/2 Generation Urkraine v. Ukraine, ICSID Case No. ARB/00/9 / L. Yves Fortier & Stephen L. Drymer. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 349-358 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 349-358. - 2016
Keywords: Costa Rica, Mexico, Ukraine, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Expropriation, Cases,

27. Effective Means to Assert Claims and Enforce Rights
Effective Means to Assert Claims and Enforce Rights : Duke Energy v. Ecuador, ICSID Case No. ARB/04/19 / Oscar M. Garibaldi. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 359-374 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 359-374. - 2016
Keywords: Ecuador, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Access to justice, Denial of justice, Cases,

28. The Umbrella Clause
The Umbrella Clause : SGS v. Pakistan, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/13 and SGS v. Philippines, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/6 / Andrés Rigo Sureda. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 375-387 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 375-387. - 2016
Keywords: Pakistan, Philippines, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Clauses, Cases,

29. National Treatment
National Treatment : Bayindir v. Pakistan, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/29 / August Reinisch. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 389-398 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 389-398. - 2016
Keywords: Pakistan, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, National treatment, Cases,

30. Most-Favored-Nation Treatment: Substantive Protection
Most-Favored-Nation Treatment: Substantive Protection : MTD v. Chile, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/7 / David D. Caron & Esmé Shirlow. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 399-414 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 399-414. - 2016
Keywords: Chile, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Most-favoured-nation clause, Cases,

31. Performance Requirements
Performance Requirements : Mobil v. Canada, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/07/4 / Barton Legum & Ioana Petculescu. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 415-429 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 415-429. - 2016
Keywords: Canada, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Protection, Obligations, North American Free Trade Agreement, Cases,

32. The Consequences of Corruption in Investor-State Arbitration
The Consequences of Corruption in Investor-State Arbitration : World Duty Free v. Kenya, ICSID Case No. ARB/00/7 / Carolyn B. Lamm & Andrea J. Menaker. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 433-445 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 433-445. - 2016
Keywords: Kenya, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Corruption, Cases,

33. Police Powers or the State's Right to Regulate
Police Powers or the State's Right to Regulate : Chemtura v. Canada / Alain Pellet. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 447-462 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 447-462. - 2016
Keywords: Canada, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Expropriation, Public interest, Cases,

34. Denial of Benefits after Plama v. Bulgaria
Denial of Benefits after Plama v. Bulgaria : Plama v. Bulgaria, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/24 / Mark Feldman. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 463-475 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 463-475. - 2016
Keywords: Bulgaria, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Multinational enterprises, Energy Charter Treaty (Lisbon, 17 December 1994), Cases,

35. Defenses Based on Necessity under Customary International Law and on Emergency Clauses in Bilateral Investment Treaties
Defenses Based on Necessity under Customary International Law and on Emergency Clauses in Bilateral Investment Treaties : LG&E v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/1 / Peter Tomka. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 477-494 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 477-494. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Economic crisis, Necessity, State of emergency, Cases,

36. Countermeasures and Investment Arbitration
Countermeasures and Investment Arbitration : Corn Products v. Mexico, ICSID Case NO. ARB(AF)/04/1 / Donald McRae. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 495-503 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 495-503. - 2016
Keywords: Mexico, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Countermeasures, Cases,

37. Counterclaims
Counterclaims : Spyridon Roussalis v. Romania, ICSID Case No. ARB/06/01 / Anne K. Hoffmann. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 505-520 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 505-520. - 2016
Keywords: Romania, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Counter-claims, Cases,

38. The Impact of Contributory Investor Conduct: only with Difficulty Commensurable
The Impact of Contributory Investor Conduct: only with Difficulty Commensurable : MTD v. Chile, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/7, Occidental v. Ecuador, ICSID Case No. ARB/06/11, Hulley v. Russia, YUL v. Russia, VPL v. Russia, PCA Case Nos. AA 226, AA 227, AA 228 / Mark Kantor. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 533-553 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 533-553. - 2016
Keywords: Chile, Ecuador, Russian Federation, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Accountability, Compensation for damage, Cases,

39. Allocations of Costs
Allocations of Costs : Libananco v. Turkey, ICSID Case No. ARB/06/8 / Donald Francis Donovan. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 555-565 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 555-565. - 2016
Keywords: Turkey, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Costs, Cases,

40. The Role of Dissenting Opinions
The Role of Dissenting Opinions : Tokios Tokelės v. Ukraine, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/18, Dissenting Opinion of Prosper Weil / Albert Jan van den Berg. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 585-592 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 585-592. - 2016
Keywords: Ukraine, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Dissenting opinions, Cases,

41. ICSID Arbitration Rule 41(5) Objections
ICSID Arbitration Rule 41(5) Objections : MOL v. Croatia, ICSID Case ARB/13/32 / Antonio R. Parra. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 593-599 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 593-599. - 2016
Keywords: Croatia, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Procedure, Cases,

42. Consolidation and Parallel Proceedings
Consolidation and Parallel Proceedings : Corn Products International v. Mexico, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/04/1 , Archer Daniels v. Mexico, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/04/4 / Eduardo Silva Romero. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 601-611 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 601-611. - 2016
Keywords: Mexico, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Concurrent proceedings, North American Free Trade Agreement, Cases,

43. And Others: Mass Claims in ICSID Arbitration
And Others: Mass Claims in ICSID Arbitration : Abaclat and Others v. ARgentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/5 / Veijo Heiskanen. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 613-625 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 613-625. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Class actions, Cases,

44. Interim/Provisional Measures
Interim/Provisional Measures : Occidental v. Ecuador, ICSID Case ARB/06/11 / Brigitte Stern. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 627-640 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 627-640. - 2016
Keywords: Ecuador, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Provisional measures, Cases,

45. Quo Vadis Disqualification?
Quo Vadis Disqualification? : Blue Bank v. Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/20 / Marc Lalonde. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 641-653 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 641-653. - 2016
Keywords: Venezuela, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Arbitration tribunal, Judges, Recusal, Cases,

46. Conflict of Interest for Arbitrators and/or Counsel
Conflict of Interest for Arbitrators and/or Counsel : Urbaser v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/26 / Philippe Sands. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 655-668 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 655-668. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Conflict of interests, Cases,

47. A Case for Transparancy in Investment Arbitration
A Case for Transparancy in Investment Arbitration : Aguas del Tunari v. Bolivia, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/3 / Toby Landau and Romesh Weeramantry. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 669-684 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 669-684. - 2016
Keywords: Bolivia, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Transparency, Cases,

48. Amicus Curiae in ICSID Arbitration
Amicus Curiae in ICSID Arbitration : Aguas Argentinas et al. v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/19 / J. Christopher Thomas. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 685-697 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 685-697. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Amicus curiae, Cases,

49. Annulment
Annulment : Klöckner v. Cameroon, ICSID Case No. ARB/81/2, Wena v. Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/98/4 / Hi-Taek Shin. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 699-714 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 699-714. - 2016
Keywords: Cameroon, Egypt, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Action for annulment, Cases,

50. Requirements of lawful taking of foreign property in international law
Requirements of lawful taking of foreign property in international law / Zoltán Víg, Slobodan Doklestić. - Szeged : Iurisperitus Kiadó, 2016. - 135 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Fundamenta fontium juris, ISSN 2061-1609 ; 8) On cover: Pólay Elemér Alapítvány. - Includes bibliography (pages 127-135). - 2016
Keywords: Alien property, Expropriation, Foreign direct investment, Property, Private international law,

51. The Doing Business Index on Minority Investor Protection
The Doing Business Index on Minority Investor Protection : The Case of Singapore / Lin Lin and Michael Ewing-Chow In: Singapore Journal of Legal Studies = ISSN 0218-2173: (2016) (mar), page 46-69. - 2016
Keywords: Singapore, World Bank, Foreign direct investment, International financial law,

52. Los acuerdos bilaterales de inversión y los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales
Los acuerdos bilaterales de inversión y los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales / Claudia Manrique Carpio. - Madrid ; Barcelona ; Buenos Aires ; São Paulo : Marcial Pons. - Page 335-371 In: La exigibilidad de los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales en la sociedad internacional del siglo XXI : una aproximación jurídica desde el Derecho internacional / Jordi Bonet Pérez, Rosa Ana Alija Fernández (eds.), ISBN 9788491230779: (2016), Page 335-371. - 2016
Keywords: Economic, social and cultural rights, Human rights, Bilateral investment treaties, Foreign direct investment,

53. The Territoriality Requirement in Investment Treaties
The Territoriality Requirement in Investment Treaties : A Constraint on Jurisdictional Expansionism / Christopher R. Zheng In: Singapore Law Review = ISSN 0080-9691: vol. 34, page 139-171. - 2016
Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Investment treaties, Investor-State dispute settlement, Jurisdiction, Territoriality, Extraterritorial jurisdiction,

54. The TTIP Investment Court System
The TTIP Investment Court System : An Evolution of Investor-State Dispute Settlement / Joanna G. Coyne In: European International Arbitration Review = ISSN 2167-9061: vol. 5, issue 2, page 1-21. - 2016
Keywords: Trans-Pacific Partnership, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, Foreign direct investment, Investor-State dispute settlement,

55. The Misdiagnosed Investment Court
The Misdiagnosed Investment Court : The Wrong Remedy for the Right Problem / Joshua B. Simmons In: European International Arbitration Review = ISSN 2167-9061: vol. 5, issue 2, page 23-49. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Trans-Pacific Partnership, Foreign direct investment, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, Investor-State dispute settlement,

56. European Union Law as a Jurisdictional and Substantive Defense in Investor-State Arbitration
European Union Law as a Jurisdictional and Substantive Defense in Investor-State Arbitration / George A. Bermann In: European International Arbitration Review = ISSN 2167-9061: vol. 5, issue 2, page 51-68. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Bilateral investment treaties, Foreign direct investment, Energy Charter Treaty (Lisbon, 17 December 1994), Investment arbitration, Investor-State dispute settlement,

57. Economic Partnership Agreement between Japan and the European Union and Legal Issues
Economic Partnership Agreement between Japan and the European Union and Legal Issues : a Focus on Investment / Yumiko Nakanishi In: Hitotsubashi Journal of Law and Politics = ISSN 0073-2796: vol. 44, page 19-30. - 2016
Keywords: Japan, European Union, Co-operation and partnership agreements, Free trade agreements, Foreign direct investment,

58. Does the "Chorzów Factory" Standard apply in Investment Arbitration?
Does the "Chorzów Factory" Standard apply in Investment Arbitration? : a Contextual Reappraisal / Ronald E.M. Goodman, Yuri Parkhomenko In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 304-325. - 2017
Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Expropriation, Damages, Estimation, Investment arbitration, Chorzów factory, Cases,

59. The EU TTIP Investment Court Proposal and the WTO Dispute Settlement System
The EU TTIP Investment Court Proposal and the WTO Dispute Settlement System : comparing Apples and Oranges? / Stephen S. Kho, Alan Janovich, Brendan R. Casey, Johann Strauss In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 326-345. - 2017
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, Foreign direct investment, Investor-State dispute settlement, Judicial settlement of international disputes,

60. Investor Diligence in Investment Arbitration
Investor Diligence in Investment Arbitration : Sources and Arguments / Jorge E. Viñuales In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 346-370. - 2017
Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Due diligence, Standards,

61. Finaly under the Washington and New York Conventions
Finaly under the Washington and New York Conventions : Another Swing of the Pendulum? / Kenneth B. reisenfeld, Joshua M. Robbins In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 371-384. - 2017
Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Recognition and execution of foreign arbitral awards, Action for annulment, Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington, D.C., 18 March 1965), Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (New York, 10 June 1958),

62. Compensation for Unlawful Expropriation
Compensation for Unlawful Expropriation : targeting the Illegality / David Khachvani In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 385-403. - 2017
Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Investment treaties, Expropriation, Legality, Compensation for damage, State responsibility,

63. The New Brazilian BIT on Cooperation and Facilitation of Investments
The New Brazilian BIT on Cooperation and Facilitation of Investments : a New Approach in Times of Change / Joaquim P. Muniz, Kabir A.N. Duggal, Luis A.S. Peretti In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 404-417. - 2017
Keywords: Brazil, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties,

64. Conflict of Investment-Related Provisions under regional Trade Agreements between Korea and China
Conflict of Investment-Related Provisions under regional Trade Agreements between Korea and China : Navigating the "Noodle Bowl"/ Sungjin Kang In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 418-430. - 2017
Keywords: China, Japan, South Korea, Regional trade agreements, Foreign direct investment, Interpretation, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969), Fragmentation of international law,

65. An Overview of Provisional Measures in ICSID Proceedings
An Overview of Provisional Measures in ICSID Proceedings / Anthony C. Sinclair, Odysseas G. Repousis In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 431-446. - 2017
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Provisional measures,

66. The Non-Precluded Measure Type Clause in International Investment Agreements
The Non-Precluded Measure Type Clause in International Investment Agreements : Significances, Challenges, and Reactions / Wei Wang In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 447-456. - 2017
Keywords: Investment treaties, Clauses, Foreign direct investment, Public interest, Sustainable development,

67. Vom offenen zum regulierten Markt: Finanzintermediation, EU-Wirtschaftsverfassung und der Individualschutz der Kapitalanbieter
Vom offenen zum regulierten Markt: Finanzintermediation, EU-Wirtschaftsverfassung und der Individualschutz der Kapitalanbieter / Jens-Hinrich Binder In: Zeitschrift für europäisches Privatrecht = ISSN 0943-3929: vol. 25 (2017), issue 3, page 569-599. - 2017
Keywords: European Union, Financial markets, Securities, Foreign direct investment,

68. Non-Precluded Measures Provisions in Bilateral Investment Treaties of South Asian Countries
Non-Precluded Measures Provisions in Bilateral Investment Treaties of South Asian Countries / Amit Kumar Sinha In: The Asian Journal of International Law = ISSN 2044-2513: vol. 7, issue 2, page 227-263. - 2017
Keywords: South Asia, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties, Health, Public order,

69. An Overview of Sri Lanka's Bilateral Investment Treaties
An Overview of Sri Lanka's Bilateral Investment Treaties : Status Quo and Some Insights into Future Modifications / Dilini Pathirana In: The Asian Journal of International Law = ISSN 2044-2513: vol. 7, issue 2, page 287-318. - 2017
Keywords: Sri Lanka, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties, National treatment, Investment arbitration,

70. The Evolution of Indirect Expropriation Clauses
The Evolution of Indirect Expropriation Clauses : Lessons from Singapore's BITs/FTAs / Yvette Anthony In: The Asian Journal of International Law = ISSN 2044-2513: vol. 7, issue 2, page 319-336. - 2017
Keywords: Southeast Asia, Singapore, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties, Trans-Pacific Partnership, Free trade agreements, Expropriation,

71. Assessing Damages: Valuation Standards
Assessing Damages: Valuation Standards : ADC v. Hungary, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/16 / John Y. Gotanda. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 523-532 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 523-532. - 2016
Keywords: Hungary, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Damages, Estimation, Cases,

72. Security for Costs: Authority of the Tribunal and Third-Party Funding
Security for Costs: Authority of the Tribunal and Third-Party Funding : RSM v. Saint Lucia, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/10 / Eduardo Zuleta. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 567-581 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 567-581. - 2016
Keywords: St Lucia, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Provisional measures, Costs, Secured transactions, Cases,

Bibliography

Reference works

Books

Leading articles

Documents

Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

New titles


1. Building international investment law
Building international investment law : the first 50 years of ICSID / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain. - Alphen aan den Rijn, the Netherlands : Kluwer Law International, 2016. - LII, 723 pages. ; 25 cm Includes bibliographical references and an index. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington, D.C., 18 March 1965),

2. Applicable Law under the ICSID Convention: the Tortured History of the Interpretation of Article 42
Applicable Law under the ICSID Convention: the Tortured History of the Interpretation of Article 42 : Wena Hotels v. Egypt, ICSID Case NO. ARB/98/4, Award and Decision on Annulment / W. Michael Reisman and Mahnoush H. Arsanjani. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 3-11 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 3-11. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Choice of law, Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington, D.C., 18 March 1965),

3. The Use of the ILC's attribution Rules in Investment Arbitration
The Use of the ILC's attribution Rules in Investment Arbitration / James Crawford and Paul Mertenskötter. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 27-42 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 27-42. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, International Law Commission, State responsibility,

4. On Burden and Standard of Proof
On Burden and Standard of Proof / Gary B. Born. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 43-54 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 43-54. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Evidence,

5. Res Judicata
Res Judicata : ConocoPhilips v. Venezuela, ICSID Case NO. ARB/07/30 / Charles N. Brower & Paula F. Henin. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 55-69 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 55-69. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Res iudicata, Cases,

6. Precedent & Jurisprudence Constante
Precedent & Jurisprudence Constante : AES v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/17 / Abdulqawi Ahmed Yusuf and Guled Yusuf. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 71-81 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 71-81. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Stare decisis, Cases,

7. Rules of Interpretation and Investment Arbitration
Rules of Interpretation and Investment Arbitration : CEMEX v. Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/08/15 / Laurence Boisson de Chazournes. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 13-25 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 13-25. - 2016
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Interpretation, Direct effect, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969), Cases,

8. The Tipping Point
The Tipping Point : SPP v. Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/84/3 / Jan Paulsson. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 85-95 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 85-95. - 2016
Keywords: Egypt, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Jurisdiction, Cases,

9. The Long March towards a Jurisprudence Constante on the Notion of Investment
The Long March towards a Jurisprudence Constante on the Notion of Investment : Salini v. Morocco, ICSID Case No. ARB/00/4 / Emmanuel Gaillard & Yas Banifatemi. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 97-125 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 97-125. - 2016
Keywords: Morocco, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Investment arbitration, Foreign direct investment, Legal concept, Jurisdiction, Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington, D.C., 18 March 1965), Cases,

10. Legality of Investment
Legality of Investment : Fraport v. Philippines I, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/25, Fraport v. Philippines II, ICSID Case No. ARB/11/12 / Jean Kalicki, Dmitri Evseev & Mallory Silberman. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 127-139 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 127-139. - 2016
Keywords: Philippines, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Investment arbitration, Foreign direct investment, Legality, Bilateral investment treaties, Jurisdiction, Cases,

11. Criteria to Determine Investor Nationality (Juridical Persons)
Criteria to Determine Investor Nationality (Juridical Persons) : Tokios Tokelės v. Ukraine, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/18 / Pierre Tercier and Nhu-Hoang Tran Thang. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 141-152 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 141-152. - 2016
Keywords: Ukraine, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Investment arbitration, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties, Nationality, Jurisdiction, Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington, D.C., 18 March 1965), Cases,

12. Criteria to Determine Investor Nationality (Natural Persons)
Criteria to Determine Investor Nationality (Natural Persons) : Soufraki v. UAE, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/7 / Christoph Schreuer. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 153-161 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 153-161. - 2016
Keywords: United Arab Emirates, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Investment arbitration, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties, Nationality, Jurisdiction, Cases,

13. Continous Nationality Rule in Investor-State Arbitration
Continous Nationality Rule in Investor-State Arbitration : Loewen v. United States, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/98/3 / Piero Bernardini. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 163-174 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 163-174. - 2016
Keywords: United States of America, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Nationality, Jurisdiction, North American Free Trade Agreement, Cases,

14. Restructuring Investment to Achieve Investment Treaty Protection
Restructuring Investment to Achieve Investment Treaty Protection : Mobil v. Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/27 / Stephen Jagusch, Anthony Sinclair and Manthi Wickramasooriya. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 175-190 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 175-190. - 2016
Keywords: Venezuela, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Investment treaties, Most-favoured-nation clause, Nationality, Jurisdiction, Cases,

15. The Meaning of "Foreign Control" under Article 25(2)(B) of the ICSID Case No. ARB/92/1
The Meaning of "Foreign Control" under Article 25(2)(B) of the ICSID Case No. ARB/92/1 / V.V. Veeder & Andrew Legg. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 191-202 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 191-202. - 2016
Keywords: Ghana, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Nationality, Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington, D.C., 18 March 1965), Cases,

16. Indirect Shareholders Claims
Indirect Shareholders Claims : CMS v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/8 / Gabriel Bottini. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 203-218 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 203-218. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Shareholders, Jurisdiction, Cases,

17. Preconditions to Arbitration and Consent of States to ICSID Jurisdiction
Preconditions to Arbitration and Consent of States to ICSID Jurisdiction : Wintershall v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/04/14 / Pierre-Marie Dupuy. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 219-235 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 219-235. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Exhaustion of domestic remedies, Consent, Jurisdiction, Cases,

18. Waiver of Local Remedies and Limitation Periods
Waiver of Local Remedies and Limitation Periods : Waste Management v. Mexico I, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)98/2 : Grand River v. US, UNCITRAL / Andrea K. Bjorklund. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 237-250 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 237-250. - 2016
Keywords: Mexico, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Exhaustion of domestic remedies, Waivers, Jurisdiction, North American Free Trade Agreement, Cases,

19. Maffezini v. Plama: Reflections on the Jurisprudential Schism in the Application of Most-Favored-Nation Clauses to Matters of Dispute Settlement
Maffezini v. Plama: Reflections on the Jurisprudential Schism in the Application of Most-Favored-Nation Clauses to Matters of Dispute Settlement : Maffezini v. Spain, ICSID Case No. ARB/97/7, Plama v. Bulgaria, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/24 / Stephan W. Schill. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 251-265 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 251-265. - 2016
Keywords: Bulgaria, Spain, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Most-favoured-nation clause, Jurisdiction, North American Free Trade Agreement, Cases,

20. The Minimum Standard of Treatment, Glamis Gold, and Neer's Enduring Influence
The Minimum Standard of Treatment, Glamis Gold, and Neer's Enduring Influence : Glamis v. US, UNCITRAL / Jeremy K. Sharpe. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 269-281 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 269-281. - 2016
Keywords: United States of America, United Nations Commission on International Trade Law, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Minimum standard, National treatment, North American Free Trade Agreement, Cases,

21. Fair and Equitable Treatment: Legitimate Expectations and Transparency
Fair and Equitable Treatment: Legitimate Expectations and Transparency : Tecmed v. Mexico, ICSID Case NO. ARB(AF)/00/2 / Lucy Reed and Simon Consedine. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 283-294 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 283-294. - 2016
Keywords: Mexico, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, National treatment, Cases,

22. Fair and Equitable Treatment: Denial of Justice
Fair and Equitable Treatment: Denial of Justice : Mondev v. US, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/99/2 / Margrete Stevens & Doak Bishop. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 295-305 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 295-305. - 2016
Keywords: United States of America, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, National treatment, Denial of justice, Cases,

23. Arbitrary and Discriminatory Treatment
Arbitrary and Discriminatory Treatment : Lemire v. Ukraine, ICSID Case No. ARB/06/18 / Vaughan Lowe. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 307-318 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 307-318. - 2016
Keywords: Ukraine, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, National treatment, Discrimination, Cases,

24. The Evolution of the Full Protection and Security Standard
The Evolution of the Full Protection and Security Standard : AAPL v. Sri Lanka, ICSID Case No. ARB/87/3, Azurix v. Argentina, ICSID case No. ArB/01/12 / Stanimir A. Alexandrov. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 319-329 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 319-329. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, Sri Lanka, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Protection, Cases,

25. Property Rights as the Object of an Expropriation
Property Rights as the Object of an Expropriation : Emmis v. Hungary, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/2 / Zachary Douglas. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 331-348 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 331-348. - 2016
Keywords: Hungary, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Contracts, Property, Expropriation, Cases,

26. Indirect Expropriation
Indirect Expropriation : Sante Elena v. Costa Rica, ICSID Case No. ARB/96/1, TECMED v. Mexico, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/00/2 Generation Urkraine v. Ukraine, ICSID Case No. ARB/00/9 / L. Yves Fortier & Stephen L. Drymer. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 349-358 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 349-358. - 2016
Keywords: Costa Rica, Mexico, Ukraine, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Expropriation, Cases,

27. Effective Means to Assert Claims and Enforce Rights
Effective Means to Assert Claims and Enforce Rights : Duke Energy v. Ecuador, ICSID Case No. ARB/04/19 / Oscar M. Garibaldi. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 359-374 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 359-374. - 2016
Keywords: Ecuador, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Access to justice, Denial of justice, Cases,

28. The Umbrella Clause
The Umbrella Clause : SGS v. Pakistan, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/13 and SGS v. Philippines, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/6 / Andrés Rigo Sureda. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 375-387 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 375-387. - 2016
Keywords: Pakistan, Philippines, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Clauses, Cases,

29. National Treatment
National Treatment : Bayindir v. Pakistan, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/29 / August Reinisch. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 389-398 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 389-398. - 2016
Keywords: Pakistan, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, National treatment, Cases,

30. Most-Favored-Nation Treatment: Substantive Protection
Most-Favored-Nation Treatment: Substantive Protection : MTD v. Chile, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/7 / David D. Caron & Esmé Shirlow. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 399-414 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 399-414. - 2016
Keywords: Chile, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Most-favoured-nation clause, Cases,

31. Performance Requirements
Performance Requirements : Mobil v. Canada, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/07/4 / Barton Legum & Ioana Petculescu. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 415-429 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 415-429. - 2016
Keywords: Canada, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Protection, Obligations, North American Free Trade Agreement, Cases,

32. The Consequences of Corruption in Investor-State Arbitration
The Consequences of Corruption in Investor-State Arbitration : World Duty Free v. Kenya, ICSID Case No. ARB/00/7 / Carolyn B. Lamm & Andrea J. Menaker. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 433-445 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 433-445. - 2016
Keywords: Kenya, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Corruption, Cases,

33. Police Powers or the State's Right to Regulate
Police Powers or the State's Right to Regulate : Chemtura v. Canada / Alain Pellet. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 447-462 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 447-462. - 2016
Keywords: Canada, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Expropriation, Public interest, Cases,

34. Denial of Benefits after Plama v. Bulgaria
Denial of Benefits after Plama v. Bulgaria : Plama v. Bulgaria, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/24 / Mark Feldman. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 463-475 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 463-475. - 2016
Keywords: Bulgaria, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Multinational enterprises, Energy Charter Treaty (Lisbon, 17 December 1994), Cases,

35. Defenses Based on Necessity under Customary International Law and on Emergency Clauses in Bilateral Investment Treaties
Defenses Based on Necessity under Customary International Law and on Emergency Clauses in Bilateral Investment Treaties : LG&E v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/1 / Peter Tomka. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 477-494 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 477-494. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Economic crisis, Necessity, State of emergency, Cases,

36. Countermeasures and Investment Arbitration
Countermeasures and Investment Arbitration : Corn Products v. Mexico, ICSID Case NO. ARB(AF)/04/1 / Donald McRae. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 495-503 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 495-503. - 2016
Keywords: Mexico, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Countermeasures, Cases,

37. Counterclaims
Counterclaims : Spyridon Roussalis v. Romania, ICSID Case No. ARB/06/01 / Anne K. Hoffmann. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 505-520 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 505-520. - 2016
Keywords: Romania, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Counter-claims, Cases,

38. The Impact of Contributory Investor Conduct: only with Difficulty Commensurable
The Impact of Contributory Investor Conduct: only with Difficulty Commensurable : MTD v. Chile, ICSID Case No. ARB/01/7, Occidental v. Ecuador, ICSID Case No. ARB/06/11, Hulley v. Russia, YUL v. Russia, VPL v. Russia, PCA Case Nos. AA 226, AA 227, AA 228 / Mark Kantor. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 533-553 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 533-553. - 2016
Keywords: Chile, Ecuador, Russian Federation, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Accountability, Compensation for damage, Cases,

39. Allocations of Costs
Allocations of Costs : Libananco v. Turkey, ICSID Case No. ARB/06/8 / Donald Francis Donovan. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 555-565 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 555-565. - 2016
Keywords: Turkey, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Costs, Cases,

40. The Role of Dissenting Opinions
The Role of Dissenting Opinions : Tokios Tokelės v. Ukraine, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/18, Dissenting Opinion of Prosper Weil / Albert Jan van den Berg. - London : British Institute of International and Comparative Law. - Pages 585-592 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 585-592. - 2016
Keywords: Ukraine, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Dissenting opinions, Cases,

41. ICSID Arbitration Rule 41(5) Objections
ICSID Arbitration Rule 41(5) Objections : MOL v. Croatia, ICSID Case ARB/13/32 / Antonio R. Parra. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 593-599 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 593-599. - 2016
Keywords: Croatia, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Procedure, Cases,

42. Consolidation and Parallel Proceedings
Consolidation and Parallel Proceedings : Corn Products International v. Mexico, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/04/1 , Archer Daniels v. Mexico, ICSID Case No. ARB(AF)/04/4 / Eduardo Silva Romero. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 601-611 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 601-611. - 2016
Keywords: Mexico, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Concurrent proceedings, North American Free Trade Agreement, Cases,

43. And Others: Mass Claims in ICSID Arbitration
And Others: Mass Claims in ICSID Arbitration : Abaclat and Others v. ARgentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/5 / Veijo Heiskanen. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 613-625 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 613-625. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Class actions, Cases,

44. Interim/Provisional Measures
Interim/Provisional Measures : Occidental v. Ecuador, ICSID Case ARB/06/11 / Brigitte Stern. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 627-640 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 627-640. - 2016
Keywords: Ecuador, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Provisional measures, Cases,

45. Quo Vadis Disqualification?
Quo Vadis Disqualification? : Blue Bank v. Venezuela, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/20 / Marc Lalonde. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 641-653 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 641-653. - 2016
Keywords: Venezuela, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Arbitration tribunal, Judges, Recusal, Cases,

46. Conflict of Interest for Arbitrators and/or Counsel
Conflict of Interest for Arbitrators and/or Counsel : Urbaser v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/07/26 / Philippe Sands. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 655-668 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 655-668. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Conflict of interests, Cases,

47. A Case for Transparancy in Investment Arbitration
A Case for Transparancy in Investment Arbitration : Aguas del Tunari v. Bolivia, ICSID Case No. ARB/02/3 / Toby Landau and Romesh Weeramantry. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 669-684 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 669-684. - 2016
Keywords: Bolivia, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Transparency, Cases,

48. Amicus Curiae in ICSID Arbitration
Amicus Curiae in ICSID Arbitration : Aguas Argentinas et al. v. Argentina, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/19 / J. Christopher Thomas. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 685-697 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 685-697. - 2016
Keywords: Argentina, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Amicus curiae, Cases,

49. Annulment
Annulment : Klöckner v. Cameroon, ICSID Case No. ARB/81/2, Wena v. Egypt, ICSID Case No. ARB/98/4 / Hi-Taek Shin. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 699-714 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 699-714. - 2016
Keywords: Cameroon, Egypt, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Action for annulment, Cases,

50. Requirements of lawful taking of foreign property in international law
Requirements of lawful taking of foreign property in international law / Zoltán Víg, Slobodan Doklestić. - Szeged : Iurisperitus Kiadó, 2016. - 135 pages. ; 24 cm. - (Fundamenta fontium juris, ISSN 2061-1609 ; 8) On cover: Pólay Elemér Alapítvány. - Includes bibliography (pages 127-135). - 2016
Keywords: Alien property, Expropriation, Foreign direct investment, Property, Private international law,

51. The Doing Business Index on Minority Investor Protection
The Doing Business Index on Minority Investor Protection : The Case of Singapore / Lin Lin and Michael Ewing-Chow In: Singapore Journal of Legal Studies = ISSN 0218-2173: (2016) (mar), page 46-69. - 2016
Keywords: Singapore, World Bank, Foreign direct investment, International financial law,

52. Los acuerdos bilaterales de inversión y los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales
Los acuerdos bilaterales de inversión y los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales / Claudia Manrique Carpio. - Madrid ; Barcelona ; Buenos Aires ; São Paulo : Marcial Pons. - Page 335-371 In: La exigibilidad de los derechos económicos, sociales y culturales en la sociedad internacional del siglo XXI : una aproximación jurídica desde el Derecho internacional / Jordi Bonet Pérez, Rosa Ana Alija Fernández (eds.), ISBN 9788491230779: (2016), Page 335-371. - 2016
Keywords: Economic, social and cultural rights, Human rights, Bilateral investment treaties, Foreign direct investment,

53. The Territoriality Requirement in Investment Treaties
The Territoriality Requirement in Investment Treaties : A Constraint on Jurisdictional Expansionism / Christopher R. Zheng In: Singapore Law Review = ISSN 0080-9691: vol. 34, page 139-171. - 2016
Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Investment treaties, Investor-State dispute settlement, Jurisdiction, Territoriality, Extraterritorial jurisdiction,

54. The TTIP Investment Court System
The TTIP Investment Court System : An Evolution of Investor-State Dispute Settlement / Joanna G. Coyne In: European International Arbitration Review = ISSN 2167-9061: vol. 5, issue 2, page 1-21. - 2016
Keywords: Trans-Pacific Partnership, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, Foreign direct investment, Investor-State dispute settlement,

55. The Misdiagnosed Investment Court
The Misdiagnosed Investment Court : The Wrong Remedy for the Right Problem / Joshua B. Simmons In: European International Arbitration Review = ISSN 2167-9061: vol. 5, issue 2, page 23-49. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Trans-Pacific Partnership, Foreign direct investment, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, Investor-State dispute settlement,

56. European Union Law as a Jurisdictional and Substantive Defense in Investor-State Arbitration
European Union Law as a Jurisdictional and Substantive Defense in Investor-State Arbitration / George A. Bermann In: European International Arbitration Review = ISSN 2167-9061: vol. 5, issue 2, page 51-68. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Bilateral investment treaties, Foreign direct investment, Energy Charter Treaty (Lisbon, 17 December 1994), Investment arbitration, Investor-State dispute settlement,

57. Economic Partnership Agreement between Japan and the European Union and Legal Issues
Economic Partnership Agreement between Japan and the European Union and Legal Issues : a Focus on Investment / Yumiko Nakanishi In: Hitotsubashi Journal of Law and Politics = ISSN 0073-2796: vol. 44, page 19-30. - 2016
Keywords: Japan, European Union, Co-operation and partnership agreements, Free trade agreements, Foreign direct investment,

58. Does the "Chorzów Factory" Standard apply in Investment Arbitration?
Does the "Chorzów Factory" Standard apply in Investment Arbitration? : a Contextual Reappraisal / Ronald E.M. Goodman, Yuri Parkhomenko In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 304-325. - 2017
Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Expropriation, Damages, Estimation, Investment arbitration, Chorzów factory, Cases,

59. The EU TTIP Investment Court Proposal and the WTO Dispute Settlement System
The EU TTIP Investment Court Proposal and the WTO Dispute Settlement System : comparing Apples and Oranges? / Stephen S. Kho, Alan Janovich, Brendan R. Casey, Johann Strauss In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 326-345. - 2017
Keywords: European Union, World Trade Organization, Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership, Foreign direct investment, Investor-State dispute settlement, Judicial settlement of international disputes,

60. Investor Diligence in Investment Arbitration
Investor Diligence in Investment Arbitration : Sources and Arguments / Jorge E. Viñuales In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 346-370. - 2017
Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Due diligence, Standards,

61. Finaly under the Washington and New York Conventions
Finaly under the Washington and New York Conventions : Another Swing of the Pendulum? / Kenneth B. reisenfeld, Joshua M. Robbins In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 371-384. - 2017
Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Recognition and execution of foreign arbitral awards, Action for annulment, Convention on the Settlement of Investment Disputes between States and Nationals of Other States (Washington, D.C., 18 March 1965), Convention on the Recognition and Enforcement of Foreign Arbitral Awards (New York, 10 June 1958),

62. Compensation for Unlawful Expropriation
Compensation for Unlawful Expropriation : targeting the Illegality / David Khachvani In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 385-403. - 2017
Keywords: Foreign direct investment, Investment treaties, Expropriation, Legality, Compensation for damage, State responsibility,

63. The New Brazilian BIT on Cooperation and Facilitation of Investments
The New Brazilian BIT on Cooperation and Facilitation of Investments : a New Approach in Times of Change / Joaquim P. Muniz, Kabir A.N. Duggal, Luis A.S. Peretti In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 404-417. - 2017
Keywords: Brazil, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties,

64. Conflict of Investment-Related Provisions under regional Trade Agreements between Korea and China
Conflict of Investment-Related Provisions under regional Trade Agreements between Korea and China : Navigating the "Noodle Bowl"/ Sungjin Kang In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 418-430. - 2017
Keywords: China, Japan, South Korea, Regional trade agreements, Foreign direct investment, Interpretation, Vienna Convention on the Law of Treaties (Vienna, 23 May 1969), Fragmentation of international law,

65. An Overview of Provisional Measures in ICSID Proceedings
An Overview of Provisional Measures in ICSID Proceedings / Anthony C. Sinclair, Odysseas G. Repousis In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 431-446. - 2017
Keywords: International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Provisional measures,

66. The Non-Precluded Measure Type Clause in International Investment Agreements
The Non-Precluded Measure Type Clause in International Investment Agreements : Significances, Challenges, and Reactions / Wei Wang In: ICSID Review : Foreign Investment Law Journal = ISSN 0258-3690: vol. 32, issue 2, page 447-456. - 2017
Keywords: Investment treaties, Clauses, Foreign direct investment, Public interest, Sustainable development,

67. Vom offenen zum regulierten Markt: Finanzintermediation, EU-Wirtschaftsverfassung und der Individualschutz der Kapitalanbieter
Vom offenen zum regulierten Markt: Finanzintermediation, EU-Wirtschaftsverfassung und der Individualschutz der Kapitalanbieter / Jens-Hinrich Binder In: Zeitschrift für europäisches Privatrecht = ISSN 0943-3929: vol. 25 (2017), issue 3, page 569-599. - 2017
Keywords: European Union, Financial markets, Securities, Foreign direct investment,

68. Non-Precluded Measures Provisions in Bilateral Investment Treaties of South Asian Countries
Non-Precluded Measures Provisions in Bilateral Investment Treaties of South Asian Countries / Amit Kumar Sinha In: The Asian Journal of International Law = ISSN 2044-2513: vol. 7, issue 2, page 227-263. - 2017
Keywords: South Asia, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties, Health, Public order,

69. An Overview of Sri Lanka's Bilateral Investment Treaties
An Overview of Sri Lanka's Bilateral Investment Treaties : Status Quo and Some Insights into Future Modifications / Dilini Pathirana In: The Asian Journal of International Law = ISSN 2044-2513: vol. 7, issue 2, page 287-318. - 2017
Keywords: Sri Lanka, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties, National treatment, Investment arbitration,

70. The Evolution of Indirect Expropriation Clauses
The Evolution of Indirect Expropriation Clauses : Lessons from Singapore's BITs/FTAs / Yvette Anthony In: The Asian Journal of International Law = ISSN 2044-2513: vol. 7, issue 2, page 319-336. - 2017
Keywords: Southeast Asia, Singapore, Foreign direct investment, Bilateral investment treaties, Trans-Pacific Partnership, Free trade agreements, Expropriation,

71. Assessing Damages: Valuation Standards
Assessing Damages: Valuation Standards : ADC v. Hungary, ICSID Case No. ARB/03/16 / John Y. Gotanda. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 523-532 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 523-532. - 2016
Keywords: Hungary, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Damages, Estimation, Cases,

72. Security for Costs: Authority of the Tribunal and Third-Party Funding
Security for Costs: Authority of the Tribunal and Third-Party Funding : RSM v. Saint Lucia, ICSID Case No. ARB/12/10 / Eduardo Zuleta. - Alphen aan den Rijn : Kluwer Law International. - Pages 567-581 In: Building International Investment Law / edited by Meg Kinnear, Geraldine R. Fischer, Jara Mínguez Almeida, Luisa Fernanda Torres, Mairée Uran Bidegain, ISBN 9789041161338: (2016), Pages 567-581. - 2016
Keywords: St Lucia, International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes, Foreign direct investment, Investment arbitration, Provisional measures, Costs, Secured transactions, Cases,

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    The International Centre for Settlement of Investment Disputes (ICSID) is the premier international investment arbitration facility in the world. This volume celebrates the first 50 years of ICSID by presenting the landmark cases that have been decided under its auspices. These cases have addressed every aspect of investment disputes: jurisdictional thresholds; the substantive obligations found in investment treaties, contracts, and legislation; questions of general international law; and a number of novel procedural issues. Each chapter, written by a knowledgeable expert on the chapter’s particular focus, looks at an international investment law topic through the lens of one or more of these leading cases, analysing what the case held, how it has been applied, and its overall significance to the development of international investment law.

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  • Dumberry,P., The Formation and Identification of Rules of Customary International Law in International Investment Law, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, 2016.

    9781107138520

    Rules of customary international law provide basic legal protections to foreign investors doing business abroad. These rules remain of fundamental importance today despite the growing number of investment treaties containing substantive investment protection. In this book, Patrick Dumberry provides a comprehensive analysis of the phenomenon of custom in the field of international investment law. He analyses two fundamental questions: how customary rules are created in this field and how they can be identified. The book examines the types of manifestation of State practice which should be considered as relevant evidence for the formation of customary rules, and to what extent they are different from those existing under general international law. The book also analyses the concept of States' opinio juris in investment arbitration. Offering guidance to actors called upon to apply customary rules in concrete cases, this book will be of significant importance to those involved in investment arbitration.

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  • Lim, C.L. (ed.), Alternative Visions of the International Law on Foreign Investment : Essays in Honour of Muthucumaraswamy Sornarajah, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2016.

    Lim, C.L. (ed.), Alternative Visions of the International Law on Foreign Investment : Essays in Honour of Muthucumaraswamy Sornarajah, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2016.

    This book is about the forces that are reshaping the international law on foreign investment today. It begins by explaining the liberal origins of contemporary investment treaties before addressing a current backlash against these treaties and the device of investment arbitration. The book describes a long-standing legal-intellectual resistance to a neo-liberal global economic agenda, and how tribunals have interpreted various treaty standards instead. It introduces our reader to the changes now taking place in the design of a range of familiar treaty clauses, and it describes how some of these changes are now driven not only by developing and emerging economies but also by the capital-exporting nations. Finally, it explores the life, career and writings of Muthucumaraswamy Sornarajah, a scholar whose work has been dedicated to the realisation of many of these changes, and his views about the hold global capital has over legal practice.

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  • Hindelang, S. and Krajewski, M.(eds.), Shifting Paradigms in International Investment Law : More Balanced, Less Isolated, Increasingly Diversified, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016

    Hindelang, S. and Krajewski, M.(eds.), Shifting Paradigms in International Investment Law : More Balanced, Less Isolated, Increasingly Diversified, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016

    International investment law is in transition. Whereas the prevailing mindset has always been the protection of the economic interests of individual investors, new developments in international investment law have brought about a paradigm shift. There is now more than ever before an interest in a more inclusive, transparent, and public regime. Shifting Paradigms in International Investment Law addresses these changes against the background of the UNCTAD framework to reform investment treaties. The book analyses how the investment treaty regime has changed and how it ought to be changing to reconcile private property interests and the state's duty to regulate in the public interest. In doing so, the volume tracks attempts in international investment law to recalibrate itself towards a more balanced, less isolated, and increasingly diversified regime. The individual chapters of this edited volume address the contents of investment agreements, the system of dispute settlement, the interrelation of investment agreements with other areas of public international law, constitutional questions, and new regional perspectives from Europe, South Africa, the Pacific Rim Region, and Latin America.

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  • Llamzon, A.P., Corruption in International Investment Arbitration, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Llamzon, A.P., Corruption in International Investment Arbitration, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    This is the first comprehensive study of corruption in international investment arbitration. The book considers the limited effectiveness of efforts to combat transnational corruption in international law and the emergence of international investment arbitration as a singular means for effective control of corruption within the international legal order. The case law on corruption by investment tribunals is studied exhaustively, jurisprudential trends are identified, and reforms aimed at enhancing the effectiveness and fairness of investment arbitration as a mechanism to combat corruption are proposed. Divided into three parts, part I focus on the phenomenon of corruption in foreign investment and attempts at its control through international law. Part II analyses the available case law in international investment arbitration dealing with corruption. Llamzon identifies nine distinct trends emerging from the case law and provides a table summarizing the key areas of corruption decision-making and each relevant tribunal's approach, which is an invaluable tool for practitioners engaging in 'live' issues of corruption within arbitral proceedings. Part III reflects on the implications of these trends for both the 'supply' and 'demand' sides of corruption in international law, and proposes a integrative framework of decision for corruption issues in international investment arbitration.

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  • Giorgetti, Ch. (ed.), Litigation International Investment Disputes : a Practitioner's Guide, Leiden, Boston, Brill Nijhoff, 2014.

    Giorgetti, Ch. (ed.), Litigation International Investment Disputes : a Practitioner's Guide, Leiden, Boston, Brill Nijhoff, 2014.

    Each year a growing number of complex and distinctive cases are filed in diverse forums which specialize in international investment arbitration. Until now, however, no single manual has guided practitioners through the many complexities involved in international investment arbitration proceedings - from whether and how to initiate arbitral proceedings to the enforcement of the award and available post-award remedies. Litigating International Investment Disputes: A Practitioner’s Guide fills this lacuna by serving as a comprehensive resource for those who are new to international investment arbitration, as well as for the seasoned practitioners.

    The diverse group of contributors are highly experienced experts and practitioners, who have acted as counsel and arbitrators, and served in institutions which routinely administer international investment arbitration proceedings.

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  • Bonnitcha, J., Substantive Protection under Investment Treaties : a Legal and Economic Analysis, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Bonnitcha, J., Substantive Protection under Investment Treaties : a Legal and Economic Analysis, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2014.

    Substantive Protection under Investment Treaties provides the first systematic analysis of the consequences of the substantive protections that investment treaties provide to foreign investors. It proposes a new framework for identifying and evaluating the costs and benefits of differing levels of investment treaty protection, and uses this framework to evaluate the levels of protection for foreign investors implied by different interpretations of the fair and equitable treatment and indirect expropriation provisions of investment treaties. The author examines the arguments and assumptions of both supporters and critics of investment treaties, seeks to test whether they are coherent and borne out by evidence, and concludes that the 'economic' justifications for investment treaty protections are much weaker than is generally assumed. As such, the 'economic' objectives of investment treaties are not necessarily in tension with other 'non-economic' objectives. These findings have important implications for the drafting and interpretation of investment treaties.

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  • Douglas, Z., J. Pauwelyn and J.E. Viñuales (eds.), Foundations of International Investment Law: Bringing Theory into Practice, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    Douglas, Z., J. Pauwelyn and J.E. Viñuales (eds.), Foundations of International Investment Law: Bringing Theory into Practice, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2014.

    International investment law is one of the fastest growing areas of international law. It has led to the signing of thousands of agreements, mostly in the form of investment contracts and bilateral investment treaties. Also, in the last two decades, there has been an exponential growth in the number of disputes being resolved by investment arbitration tribunals. Yet the legal principles at the basis of international investment law and arbitration remain in a state of flux. Perhaps the best illustration of this phenomenon is the wide disagreement among investment tribunals on some of the core concepts underpinning the regime, such as investment, property, regulatory powers, scope of jurisdiction, applicable law, or the interactions with other areas of international law. The purpose of this book is to revisit these conceptual foundations in order to shed light on the practice of international investment law. It is an attempt to bridge the growing gap between the theory and the practice of this thriving area of international law.

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  • Treves, T., F. Seatzu and S. Trevisanut (eds.) Foreign Investment, International Law and Common Concerns, London, Routledge, 2014.

    Treves, T., F. Seatzu and S. Trevisanut (eds.) Foreign Investment, International Law and Common Concerns, London, Routledge, 2014.

    This book explores from an international law perspective the complex relationship between foreign investments and common concerns, i.e. values that do not coincide, or do not necessarily coincide, with the interests of the investor and of the host state. It pays particular attention to the role of the main international development banks in reconciling the needs of foreign investors with the protection of common concerns, such as the environment, human rights and labour rights. Among its collection of essays, the volume asks how much "regulatory space" investment law leaves; whether international investment law is an effective means of balancing contrasting interests, and whether investment arbitration currently constitutes a mechanism of global governance.
    In collecting the outlooks of various experts in human rights, environmental and international economic law, this book breaks new ground in exploring how attention to its legal aspects may help in navigating the relationship between foreign investment and common concerns. In doing so, the book provides valuable insights into the substantive issues and institutional aspects of international investment law.

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  • Miles, K., The Origins of International Investment Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    Miles, K., The Origins of International Investment Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2013.

    International investment law is a complex and dynamic field. Yet, the implications of its history are under-explored. Kate Miles examines the historical evolution of international investment law, assessing its origins in the commercial and political expansionism of dominant states during the seventeenth to early twentieth centuries and the continued resonance of those origins within modern foreign investment protection law. In particular, the exploration of the activities of the Dutch East India Company, Grotius' treatises, and pre–World War II international investment disputes provides insight into current controversies surrounding the interplay of public and private interests, the systemic design of investor-state arbitration, the substantive focus of principles, and the treatment of environmental issues within international investment law. In adopting such an approach, this book provides a fresh conceptual framework through which contemporary issues can be examined and creates new understandings of those controversies.

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Database

Blogs

  • Investment Protection: ISDS or ICS?

    In the 1990s, European member states have concluded about 200 bilateral investment treaties (BITs) with Eastern European countries. For example, the Netherlands has BITs with Poland, the Baltic States, Slovakia and Czech Republic. Now most of these Eastern European countries are member states of the European Union themselves, the European Commission wants to put an end to the intra-EU bilateral investment treaties (BITs): agreements concluded between EU member states. If these agreements are terminated, there is a risk that European investors will not be strongly and adequately protected under the provisions currently included in the single market.

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  • P.R.I.M.E. Finance : Open for business!

    On 16 January 2012,  the P.R.I.M.E. Finance Foundation has started its activities with an opening conference followed by seminars on Dispute Resolution in the Financial Markets in the Peace Palace in The Hague. The  Foundation oversees the activities of its Panel of Recognized International Market Experts in Finance (P.R.I.M.E. Finance),  chosen for their relevant experience in financial market practice or […]

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