Transnational Crime

Introduction

Transnational Crime - Research Guide International Law

The concept of 'transnational crime', from a criminological perspective, originates from the mid-1970s when the United Nations used the term in order to identify certain criminal activities which transcend national jurisdictions. In 1995, the United Nations identified eighteen categories of transnational - and mostly organized - criminality. Transnational crime was then defined as ‘offences whose inception, prevention and/or direct or indirect effects involved more than one country.’ (UN Doc. A.CONF. 169/15/Add.1 (1995)). The crimes listed included, among others, money laundering, terrorist activities, theft of art and cultural objects, theft of intellectual property, illicit arms trafficking, aircraft hijacking, sea piracy, insurance fraud, computer crime, environmental crime, trafficking in persons, trade in human body parts, illicit drug trafficking, fraudulent bankruptcy, infiltration of legal business, corruption and bribery of public or party officials. Transnational crime has spread exponentially with the development of globalization and it is only relatively recent that some progress has been made by states and international organizations in developing measures to combat this type of criminality.

This Guide is intended as a starting point for research in the field on Transnational Crime. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted.  The Library's systematic classification → Transnational crime and keyword Transnational Crime are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

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Periodicals, serial publications

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Systematic classification → International Criminal Law

New titles

Updated every Friday morning.

The Peace Palace Library has a collection of over a million publications. Each week, about six hundred new titles are added to our collection: books, articles, documents, online publications, etc. On this page, access is provided to this week’s new titles on Transnational crime.


1. Trafficking of women and children
Trafficking of women and children ; Article 7 of the Rome Statute / Joshua Aston. - New Delhi : Oxford University Press, 2016. - XXII, 277 pages. ; 23 cm Includes bibliographical references and an index. - 2016
Keywords: Rome Statute (Rome, 17 July 1998), Human trafficking, Women, Children, Transnational crime,

2. La regionalización de na efecto negative de las globalización: La trata de seres humanos de Europa a España
La regionalización de na efecto negative de las globalización: La trata de seres humanos de Europa a España = The regionalization of a negative effect of globalization: The trafficking of human beings from Europe to Spain / Lucía I. Serrano Sánchez In: Revista de derecho migratorio y extranjería = ISSN 1695-3509: (2017), issue 46 (sep-dec), page 99-120. - 2017
Keywords: Spain, European Union, Subsidiarity, Human trafficking, Borders, International co-operation, Community law and national law,

3. Anti-Money Laundering as International Standards and the Issue of State Sovereignty
Anti-Money Laundering as International Standards and the Issue of State Sovereignty / Hanafi Amrani In: Jurnul hukum internasional = Indonesian Journal of International Law = ISSN 1693-5594: vol. 12, issue 2, page 158-178. - 2015
Keywords: Money laundering, Transnational crime, Sovereignty,

4. Palermo Convention in Our Legal System: Part of Our National Law or Merely a Source of Law
Palermo Convention in Our Legal System: Part of Our National Law or Merely a Source of Law / Wisnu Aryo Dewanto In: Jurnul hukum internasional = Indonesian Journal of International Law = ISSN 1693-5594: vol. 12, issue 4, page 538-553. - 2015
Keywords: Indonesia, Organized crime, Transnational crime, United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime (Palermo, 15 November 2000),

5. Trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants in ACP countries: key challenges and ways forward
Trafficking in human beings and smuggling of migrants in ACP countries: key challenges and ways forward : informing discussions of the ACP-EU dialogue on migration and development / by Lori Mann. - Brussels : International Organization for Migration, 2018. - 233 pages. : illustrations Bibliography: page 216-223. - Includes bibliographical references. - 2018
Keywords: European Union, ACP countries, Illegal immigrants, Human trafficking, Transnational crime,

6. A transnational human rights approach to human trafficking
A transnational human rights approach to human trafficking : empowering the powerless / by Yoon Jin Shin. - Leiden ; Boston : Brill Nijhoff, 2017. - 1 online resource (VI, 321 pages). - (Studies in intercultural human rights, ISSN 1876-9861 ; volume 8) Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2017
Keywords: Human trafficking, Human rights, Transnational crime, International co-operation,

Database

Blogs

  • Hide & Seek in the Art World

    When we look at a piece of art, we enter the secret world of art. When we buy a piece of art, we enter the secret world of the art market. When anonymity in the art market is about protecting privacy, it’s a legitimate ground for secrecy. When secrecy paints a picture of a thinly regulated art trade where anonymity is used as playground to shield all kinds of doubtful behaviour and ownership, it is questionable. Law firms play a crucial role in this questionable secrecy in art market. Those law firms service their clients by incorporating and operating shell companies in ‘friendly’ jurisdictions and perform money laundering services as their core business. Law firms boost their client’s assets and inject them into the legal economy, through different money laundering schemes.

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  • Save Wildlife: Act Now or Game Over!

    From 1-3 March 2016, 300 Representatives from Countries, Intergovernmental organisations, non-governmental organisations, business representatives and the broader civil society were gathered in The Hague, the Netherlands for the international wildlife conference: Save Wildlife: Act now or Game over. The conference was organized by the Ministry of Economic Affairs of the Netherlands, the Hague Institute for Global Justice and the Prince of Wales’s International Sustainability Unit. The conference has build on the London and Kasane Conferences on the illegal wildlife trade, and has set the stage for the Hanoi Conference, due to take place later in 2016.

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  • Mexico and the Drug Cartels: A History of Fascination

    On January 9th, 2016, Rolling Stone published an interview between Sean Penn and Joaquin “El Chapo” Guzman, head of the Mexican Sinaloa Cartel. The fascination that Hollywood, and thus a large part of the western world, has for the Mexican drug cartels and the drug war they are engaging in is anything but recent. Mexico’s drug cartels, as well as widespread violence, money laundering and corruption, are elements which are as closely linked to Mexico’s image as its ancient civilizations. This article will explore the history of Mexico’s drug cartels and the close relationship between drugs and Mexico’s development.

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  • South-Africa and the Future of (Il)legal Trade in Rhino Horn

    On Sunday 22 November, zookeepers of the San Diego Zoo Safari Park put a 41-year old northern white rhinoceros named Nola to sleep. With the death of Nola, there are only three northern white rhinos left on the planet – which are unlikely to reproduce. Widespread poaching, as well as armed conflict, caused the extinction of northern white rhinos in the wild. Last Thursday, the High Court of Pretoria, South Africa, overturned the government’s ban on the domestic trade in rhino horn which was put in place in 2009.

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  • Honduras: A New Cocaine Trafficking Hub

    Last week Honduras adopted a law allowing the government to shoot down planes suspected of trafficking illegal drugs through the country. International drug trafficking is probably the most well known transnational organized crime. How bad is the current situation in Honduras; is it a new cocaine trafficking hub?

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  • Protecting Children from Cybercrime: Online Child Grooming

    In the Netherlands a massive case of internet child abuse has been reveiled this week. A 48 year old man has been arrested and is suspected of online child grooming and sexually abusing hundreds of girls. At least 11 girls stated they have had a meeting with the man and were sexually abused by him. The Dutch police has found 26.000 videos and 144.000 photographs during a raid on his house. The man has been active for eight years. What is online child grooming and what is the International and European policy on combating this form of cyber crime and internet abuse?

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  • Pirates, Buccaneers and Privateers : Concepts of International Law

    Establishing an authoritative definition of “piracy” in international law has always been rather problematic. The definition is relevant, because any confusion in terminology invariably leads to debates between State sovereignty and universal jurisdiction over crimes at sea. The various international law meanings of piracy are derived from, among others, international treaties, and various municipal law meanings are defined by statutes and State practice.

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  • Victor Bout, arms dealer, extradited to USA

    Victor Bout, an interpreter and a former Russian military airforce officer suspected of arms trafficking, has been extradited to the United States of America by Thailand. Bout, also called the ‘merchant of death’, is alleged of supplying illegal weapons to various groups and regimes, such as the Taliban, the Sierra leonean Revolutionary United Front, Charles Taylor and al-Qaida.

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  • Call for an UN Piracy Tribunal

    Five Somalis are currently on trial in the Netherlands after they failed to hijack a freighter sailing under the Dutch Antilles flag in January. The pirates have expressed their satisfaction with their prison cells, and at least one of them has said he wants to stay in the Netherlands after he is released and hopes […]

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  • Remembrance Slave Trade and its Abolition

    Saturday 23 August marks the UN nineth annual International Day for the Remembrance of the Slave Trade and its Abolition.

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  • Piracy

    The history of piracy goes back in the library collection till 1816. Still the oceans are unsafe, especially the Somali coast is crowded with modern pirates with guns and grenades. As in the old days kidnapping and piracy are lucrative businesses, if a ransom is paid.

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    Systematic classification → International Criminal Law