European Union

Introduction

european-parliament-1274765_960_720

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on the European Union. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library's classification index code European Union in General and subject heading (keyword) European Union are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

New titles


1. Mapping the involvement of the European Parliament in EU external relations
Mapping the involvement of the European Parliament in EU external relations : a legal and empirical analysis / Bjorn Kleizen. - The Hague : T.M.C. Asser Instituut, 2016. - 44 pages. : illustrations. ; 24 cm. - (CLEER papers, ISSN 1878-9587 ; 2016/4) At head of title page: Centre for the Law of EU External Relations. - With bibliographic notes. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Parliament, International relations,

2. XXVI. FIDE-Kongress vom 28. Mai bis 31. Mai 2014 in Kopenhagen
XXVI. FIDE-Kongress vom 28. Mai bis 31. Mai 2014 in Kopenhagen / Peter-Christian Müller-Graff, Jürgen Schwarze (Hrsg.). - Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2016. - 135 pages. ; 25 cm. - (Europarecht. Beiheft, ISSN 1435-5078 ; 3/2015) Contains: Die deutschen Landesberichte: Die Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion - Die Unionsbürgerschaft - Das Vergaberecht für öffentliche Aufträge. - 2016
Keywords: Germany, European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, Monetary policy, Citizenship, European constitutional law, Constitutional law, Community law and national law,

3. Politiques antidiscriminatoires
Politiques antidiscriminatoires : interroger les effets d'une action publique transnationale / Julie Ringelheim, Ginette Herman & Andrea Rea. - Louvain-la-Neuve : De Boeck. - Page 5-23 In: Politiques antidiscriminatoires / sous la direction de Julie Ringelheim, Ginette Herman, Andrea Rea, ISBN 9782804185329: (2015), Page 5-23. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Discrimination, Public policy, Social justice, Legislation, Human rights,

4. Le droit européen de la non-discrimination
Le droit européen de la non-discrimination : promesses tenues? / Emmanuelle Bribosia, Julie Ringelheim & Isabelle Rorive. - Louvain-la-Neuve : De Boeck. - Page 67-84 In: Politiques antidiscriminatoires / sous la direction de Julie Ringelheim, Ginette Herman, Andrea Rea, ISBN 9782804185329: (2015), Page 67-84. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Discrimination, Human rights, Community law,

5. Bridging the Security Gap through EU Rule of Law Missions?
Bridging the Security Gap through EU Rule of Law Missions? : Rule of Law Administration by EULEX / Tilmann Altwicker, Nuscha Wieczorek In: Journal of Conflict and Security Law = ISSN 1467-7954: vol. 21, issue 1, page 115-133. - 2016
Keywords: Kosovo, European Union, Post-conflict reconstruction, Rule of law, Public security,

6. Nuking misconceptions
Nuking misconceptions : Hinkley Point, Chinese SOEs and EU merger law / Dr. Alan Riley In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 8, page 301-324. - 2016
Keywords: China, European Union, European Commission, State-owned enterprises, Mergers, Competition, Community law,

7. EU competition authorities' powers to gather and inspect digital evidence
EU competition authorities' powers to gather and inspect digital evidence : strikng a new balance / Nienke de Jong, Rein Wesseling In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 8, page 325-334. - 2016
Keywords: The Netherlands, European Union, European Commission, Investigation, Evidence, Competition, Community law,

8. The Wouters case law, special for a different reason?
The Wouters case law, special for a different reason? / Charlotte Janssen, Erik Kloosterhuis In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 8, page 335-342. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Corporate groups, Competition, Unfair competition, Community law, Case-law,

9. One Stop Shop Leniency
One Stop Shop Leniency : the case of DHL Express v Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato (C-428/14) / Daniel Mandrescu In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 10, page 397-405. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Cartels and monopolies, Unfair competition, Immunities, Fines, Enforcement, Community law, Cases,

10. Tying conduct under article 102 TFEU
Tying conduct under article 102 TFEU : can intervention against Google be justified? / Yi Heng Alvin Sng In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 10, page 406-412. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Internet, Internet providers, Information and communication technology, Unfair competition, Abuse of a dominant position, Enforcement, Community law, Cases,

11. EU v the US
EU v the US : an analysis of the laws on refusal to supply essential facilities : the Google case / David Mwoni Ndolo In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 10, page 413-417. - 2016
Keywords: United States of America, European Union, Internet providers, Information and communication technology, Competition, Cartels and monopolies, Abuse of a dominant position, Comparative law, Cases,

12. The benefit of hindsight
The benefit of hindsight : a comparison of individual exemption under EU and Hong Kong competition law / Alexander M. Waksman In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 10, page 422-426. - 2016
Keywords: Hong Kong, European Union, Competition, Cartels and monopolies, Comparative law,

13. Back to the Past: BREXIT und das europäische internationale Privat- und Verfahrensrecht
Back to the Past: BREXIT und das europäische internationale Privat- und Verfahrensrecht / Burkhard Hess In: IPRax : Praxis des Internationalen Privat und Verfahrensrecht = ISSN 0720-6585: vol. 36, issue 5 (sep-okt), page 409-418. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, Brexit, European private law, Law of european civil procedure,

14. Sanctions and Fundamental Rights of States: the Case of EU Sanctions against Iran and Syria
Sanctions and Fundamental Rights of States: the Case of EU Sanctions against Iran and Syria / Alexander Orakhelashvili. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 13-36 In: Economic Sanctions and International Law / edited by Matthew Happold and Paul Eden, ISBN 9781849465908: (2016), Page 13-36. - 2016
Keywords: Iran, Syria, European Union, United Nations, Collective security, Economic sanctions, Legality, Public international law,

15. Unilateral European Sanctions as Countermeasures: the Case of the EU Measures against Iran
Unilateral European Sanctions as Countermeasures: the Case of the EU Measures against Iran / Pierre-Emmanuel Dupont. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 37-65 In: Economic Sanctions and International Law / edited by Matthew Happold and Paul Eden, ISBN 9781849465908: (2016), Page 37-65. - 2016
Keywords: Iran, European Union, Economic sanctions, Countermeasures, Internationally wrongful acts, Unilateralism, Legality,

16. Sanctions Cases in the European Courts
Sanctions Cases in the European Courts / Luca Pantaleo. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 171-196 In: Economic Sanctions and International Law / edited by Matthew Happold and Paul Eden, ISBN 9781849465908: (2016), Page 171-196. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Economic sanctions, Legality, Fair trial proceedings, Judicial review, Case-law,

17. Interinstitutional Gravity and Pirates of the Parliament on Stranger Tides
Interinstitutional Gravity and Pirates of the Parliament on Stranger Tides : the Continued Constitutional Significance of the Choice of Legal Basis in Post-Lisbon External Action / Geert De Baere & Tina Van den Sanden In: European Constitutional Law Review = ISSN 1574-0196: vol. 12, issue 1, page 85-113. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Court of Justice of the European Union, Foreign policy, International agreements, Competence, Case-law,

18. Current International Crises and the Rule of Law - Challenges to Domestic Prosecution
Current International Crises and the Rule of Law - Challenges to Domestic Prosecution / Anna Richterová. - Bruxelles/Brussels : Société Internationale de Droit Militaire. - Page 371-376 In: The Challenges in the Implementation of International Humanitarian Law : Congress Proceedings = Les défis de la mise en œuvre du droit international humanitaire : textes du congrès / Stanislas Horvat, Nik Kiefer, Marco Benatar (eds): (2016), Page 371-376. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Judicial Cooperation Unit, Prosecution, National courts,

19. Art. 9 Rom I-VO, Art. 16 Rom II-VO als Superkollisionsnormen des Internationalen Schuldrechts? - Gedanken zum Verhältnis zwischen internen und externen Lücken des EuIPR
Art. 9 Rom I-VO, Art. 16 Rom II-VO als Superkollisionsnormen des Internationalen Schuldrechts? - Gedanken zum Verhältnis zwischen internen und externen Lücken des EuIPR / Robert Freitag In: IPRax : Praxis des Internationalen Privat und Verfahrensrecht = ISSN 0720-6585: vol. 36, issue 5 (sep-okt), page 418-426. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I), Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II), Contractual obligations, Non-contractual liability, European private law, Community law and national law,

20. Die Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion
Die Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion : konstitutionelle und institutionelle Aspekte der wirtschaftspolitischen Steuerung innerhalb der Europäischen Union / Christoph Herrmann. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Pages 7-32 In: XXVI. FIDE-Kongress vom 28. Mai bis 31. Mai 2014 in Kopenhagen / Peter-Christian Müller-Graff, Jürgen Schwarze (Hrsg.), ISBN 9783848722709: (2016), Pages 7-32. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, Member states, Monetary policy, European constitutional law, Community law and national law,

21. Unionsbürgerschaft
Unionsbürgerschaft : Entwicklungen, Auswirkungen und Herausforderungen / Christoph Schönberger und Daniel Thym. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Pages 43-59 In: XXVI. FIDE-Kongress vom 28. Mai bis 31. Mai 2014 in Kopenhagen / Peter-Christian Müller-Graff, Jürgen Schwarze (Hrsg.), ISBN 9783848722709: (2016), Pages 43-59. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Citizenship, Community law and national law,

22. Vergaberecht für öffentliche Aufträge
Vergaberecht für öffentliche Aufträge : Begrenzungen, Möglichkeiten und Widersprüche / Ferdinand Wollenschläger. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Pages 69-122 In: XXVI. FIDE-Kongress vom 28. Mai bis 31. Mai 2014 in Kopenhagen / Peter-Christian Müller-Graff, Jürgen Schwarze (Hrsg.), ISBN 9783848722709: (2016), Pages 69-122. - 2016
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Public contracts, Damages, Compensation for damage, European private law, Community law and national law,

23. EU Ambivalence on Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation: Opacity and Obsolescence of the EURATOM Treaty
EU Ambivalence on Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation: Opacity and Obsolescence of the EURATOM Treaty / Francesca Graziani. - The Hague : Eleven International Publishing. - Pages 75-83 In: Nuclear Weapons: Strengthening the International Legal Regime / Ida Caracciolo, Marco Pedrazzi and Talitha Vassalli di Dachenhausen (eds.), ISBN 9789462366077: (2016), Pages 75-83. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Atomic Energy Community, Nuclear weapons, Proliferation, Disarmament,

24. Can the EU Seasonal Workers' Directive Alleviate the Pending Crisis of Climate-Induced Displacement: Lessons from Oceania
Can the EU Seasonal Workers' Directive Alleviate the Pending Crisis of Climate-Induced Displacement: Lessons from Oceania / Mariya Gromilova In: European Labour Law Journal = ISSN 2031-9525: vol. 6, issue 4, page 292-320. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Seasonal workers, Community law, Climate change, Environmental refugees, Foreign workers, Human rights,

25. The Principle of Equality in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and Age Discrimination
The Principle of Equality in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and Age Discrimination : Hungarian and Austrian Experiences / Edit Kajtár, Franz Marhold In: European Labour Law Journal = ISSN 2031-9525: vol. 6, issue 4, page 321-342. - 2015
Keywords: Austria, Hungary, European Union, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Age, Discrimination, Employment,

26. Travelling Time is Working Time According to the CJEU ... At Least for Mobile Workers
Travelling Time is Working Time According to the CJEU ... At Least for Mobile Workers / Sarah De Groof In: European Labour Law Journal = ISSN 2031-9525: vol. 6, issue 4, page 386-391. - 2015
Keywords: Foreign workers, Working conditions, Court of Justice of the European Union, Community law,

27. De Digitale Agenda en het internationaal privaatrecht
De Digitale Agenda en het internationaal privaatrecht / Jan-Jaap Kuipers In: Nederlands internationaal privaatrecht = ISSN 0167-7594: vol. 34, issue 2, page 226-238. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Internet, Copyright law, E-commerce, Data protection, European private law,

28. Voortvarend Nederlands voorzitterschap!
Voortvarend Nederlands voorzitterschap! : De Verordening huwelijks-vermogensstelsels 2016 : Een eerste analyse / M.H. ten Wolde In: Nederlands internationaal privaatrecht = ISSN 0167-7594: vol. 34, issue 2, page 248-257. - 2016
Keywords: The Netherlands, European Union, European marital property, Choice of law, Jurisdiction, Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, European family law,

29. The new Spanish Law on International Legal Cooperation in Civil Matters
The new Spanish Law on International Legal Cooperation in Civil Matters / Francisco J. Garcimartín Alférez, Iván Heridia Cervantes In: Nederlands internationaal privaatrecht = ISSN 0167-7594: vol. 34, issue 3, page 485-493. - 2016
Keywords: Spain, European Union, Legal co-operation,

30. EU Confronting Wildlife Trafficking
EU Confronting Wildlife Trafficking / Ilias Kouvaras In: European Energy and Environmental Law Review = ISSN 1879-3886: vol. 25, issue 3, page 76–86. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (Washington, D.C., 3 March 1973), Species of fauna and flora, Wildlife, Environmental protection, European environmental law,
[number of readers: 284]

Bibliography

Books

Articles

Documents

 Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

Add comments -for instance if you think we missed something, or just to express your thoughts- about the bibliography in this research guide:

New titles


1. Mapping the involvement of the European Parliament in EU external relations
Mapping the involvement of the European Parliament in EU external relations : a legal and empirical analysis / Bjorn Kleizen. - The Hague : T.M.C. Asser Instituut, 2016. - 44 pages. : illustrations. ; 24 cm. - (CLEER papers, ISSN 1878-9587 ; 2016/4) At head of title page: Centre for the Law of EU External Relations. - With bibliographic notes. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Parliament, International relations,

2. XXVI. FIDE-Kongress vom 28. Mai bis 31. Mai 2014 in Kopenhagen
XXVI. FIDE-Kongress vom 28. Mai bis 31. Mai 2014 in Kopenhagen / Peter-Christian Müller-Graff, Jürgen Schwarze (Hrsg.). - Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2016. - 135 pages. ; 25 cm. - (Europarecht. Beiheft, ISSN 1435-5078 ; 3/2015) Contains: Die deutschen Landesberichte: Die Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion - Die Unionsbürgerschaft - Das Vergaberecht für öffentliche Aufträge. - 2016
Keywords: Germany, European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, Monetary policy, Citizenship, European constitutional law, Constitutional law, Community law and national law,

3. Politiques antidiscriminatoires
Politiques antidiscriminatoires : interroger les effets d'une action publique transnationale / Julie Ringelheim, Ginette Herman & Andrea Rea. - Louvain-la-Neuve : De Boeck. - Page 5-23 In: Politiques antidiscriminatoires / sous la direction de Julie Ringelheim, Ginette Herman, Andrea Rea, ISBN 9782804185329: (2015), Page 5-23. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Discrimination, Public policy, Social justice, Legislation, Human rights,

4. Le droit européen de la non-discrimination
Le droit européen de la non-discrimination : promesses tenues? / Emmanuelle Bribosia, Julie Ringelheim & Isabelle Rorive. - Louvain-la-Neuve : De Boeck. - Page 67-84 In: Politiques antidiscriminatoires / sous la direction de Julie Ringelheim, Ginette Herman, Andrea Rea, ISBN 9782804185329: (2015), Page 67-84. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Discrimination, Human rights, Community law,

5. Bridging the Security Gap through EU Rule of Law Missions?
Bridging the Security Gap through EU Rule of Law Missions? : Rule of Law Administration by EULEX / Tilmann Altwicker, Nuscha Wieczorek In: Journal of Conflict and Security Law = ISSN 1467-7954: vol. 21, issue 1, page 115-133. - 2016
Keywords: Kosovo, European Union, Post-conflict reconstruction, Rule of law, Public security,

6. Nuking misconceptions
Nuking misconceptions : Hinkley Point, Chinese SOEs and EU merger law / Dr. Alan Riley In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 8, page 301-324. - 2016
Keywords: China, European Union, European Commission, State-owned enterprises, Mergers, Competition, Community law,

7. EU competition authorities' powers to gather and inspect digital evidence
EU competition authorities' powers to gather and inspect digital evidence : strikng a new balance / Nienke de Jong, Rein Wesseling In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 8, page 325-334. - 2016
Keywords: The Netherlands, European Union, European Commission, Investigation, Evidence, Competition, Community law,

8. The Wouters case law, special for a different reason?
The Wouters case law, special for a different reason? / Charlotte Janssen, Erik Kloosterhuis In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 8, page 335-342. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Corporate groups, Competition, Unfair competition, Community law, Case-law,

9. One Stop Shop Leniency
One Stop Shop Leniency : the case of DHL Express v Autorità Garante della Concorrenza e del Mercato (C-428/14) / Daniel Mandrescu In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 10, page 397-405. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Cartels and monopolies, Unfair competition, Immunities, Fines, Enforcement, Community law, Cases,

10. Tying conduct under article 102 TFEU
Tying conduct under article 102 TFEU : can intervention against Google be justified? / Yi Heng Alvin Sng In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 10, page 406-412. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Internet, Internet providers, Information and communication technology, Unfair competition, Abuse of a dominant position, Enforcement, Community law, Cases,

11. EU v the US
EU v the US : an analysis of the laws on refusal to supply essential facilities : the Google case / David Mwoni Ndolo In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 10, page 413-417. - 2016
Keywords: United States of America, European Union, Internet providers, Information and communication technology, Competition, Cartels and monopolies, Abuse of a dominant position, Comparative law, Cases,

12. The benefit of hindsight
The benefit of hindsight : a comparison of individual exemption under EU and Hong Kong competition law / Alexander M. Waksman In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 10, page 422-426. - 2016
Keywords: Hong Kong, European Union, Competition, Cartels and monopolies, Comparative law,

13. Back to the Past: BREXIT und das europäische internationale Privat- und Verfahrensrecht
Back to the Past: BREXIT und das europäische internationale Privat- und Verfahrensrecht / Burkhard Hess In: IPRax : Praxis des Internationalen Privat und Verfahrensrecht = ISSN 0720-6585: vol. 36, issue 5 (sep-okt), page 409-418. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, Brexit, European private law, Law of european civil procedure,

14. Sanctions and Fundamental Rights of States: the Case of EU Sanctions against Iran and Syria
Sanctions and Fundamental Rights of States: the Case of EU Sanctions against Iran and Syria / Alexander Orakhelashvili. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 13-36 In: Economic Sanctions and International Law / edited by Matthew Happold and Paul Eden, ISBN 9781849465908: (2016), Page 13-36. - 2016
Keywords: Iran, Syria, European Union, United Nations, Collective security, Economic sanctions, Legality, Public international law,

15. Unilateral European Sanctions as Countermeasures: the Case of the EU Measures against Iran
Unilateral European Sanctions as Countermeasures: the Case of the EU Measures against Iran / Pierre-Emmanuel Dupont. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 37-65 In: Economic Sanctions and International Law / edited by Matthew Happold and Paul Eden, ISBN 9781849465908: (2016), Page 37-65. - 2016
Keywords: Iran, European Union, Economic sanctions, Countermeasures, Internationally wrongful acts, Unilateralism, Legality,

16. Sanctions Cases in the European Courts
Sanctions Cases in the European Courts / Luca Pantaleo. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Page 171-196 In: Economic Sanctions and International Law / edited by Matthew Happold and Paul Eden, ISBN 9781849465908: (2016), Page 171-196. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Economic sanctions, Legality, Fair trial proceedings, Judicial review, Case-law,

17. Interinstitutional Gravity and Pirates of the Parliament on Stranger Tides
Interinstitutional Gravity and Pirates of the Parliament on Stranger Tides : the Continued Constitutional Significance of the Choice of Legal Basis in Post-Lisbon External Action / Geert De Baere & Tina Van den Sanden In: European Constitutional Law Review = ISSN 1574-0196: vol. 12, issue 1, page 85-113. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Court of Justice of the European Union, Foreign policy, International agreements, Competence, Case-law,

18. Current International Crises and the Rule of Law - Challenges to Domestic Prosecution
Current International Crises and the Rule of Law - Challenges to Domestic Prosecution / Anna Richterová. - Bruxelles/Brussels : Société Internationale de Droit Militaire. - Page 371-376 In: The Challenges in the Implementation of International Humanitarian Law : Congress Proceedings = Les défis de la mise en œuvre du droit international humanitaire : textes du congrès / Stanislas Horvat, Nik Kiefer, Marco Benatar (eds): (2016), Page 371-376. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Judicial Cooperation Unit, Prosecution, National courts,

19. Art. 9 Rom I-VO, Art. 16 Rom II-VO als Superkollisionsnormen des Internationalen Schuldrechts? - Gedanken zum Verhältnis zwischen internen und externen Lücken des EuIPR
Art. 9 Rom I-VO, Art. 16 Rom II-VO als Superkollisionsnormen des Internationalen Schuldrechts? - Gedanken zum Verhältnis zwischen internen und externen Lücken des EuIPR / Robert Freitag In: IPRax : Praxis des Internationalen Privat und Verfahrensrecht = ISSN 0720-6585: vol. 36, issue 5 (sep-okt), page 418-426. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I), Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II), Contractual obligations, Non-contractual liability, European private law, Community law and national law,

20. Die Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion
Die Wirtschafts- und Währungsunion : konstitutionelle und institutionelle Aspekte der wirtschaftspolitischen Steuerung innerhalb der Europäischen Union / Christoph Herrmann. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Pages 7-32 In: XXVI. FIDE-Kongress vom 28. Mai bis 31. Mai 2014 in Kopenhagen / Peter-Christian Müller-Graff, Jürgen Schwarze (Hrsg.), ISBN 9783848722709: (2016), Pages 7-32. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Economic and Monetary Union, Member states, Monetary policy, European constitutional law, Community law and national law,

21. Unionsbürgerschaft
Unionsbürgerschaft : Entwicklungen, Auswirkungen und Herausforderungen / Christoph Schönberger und Daniel Thym. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Pages 43-59 In: XXVI. FIDE-Kongress vom 28. Mai bis 31. Mai 2014 in Kopenhagen / Peter-Christian Müller-Graff, Jürgen Schwarze (Hrsg.), ISBN 9783848722709: (2016), Pages 43-59. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Member states, Citizenship, Community law and national law,

22. Vergaberecht für öffentliche Aufträge
Vergaberecht für öffentliche Aufträge : Begrenzungen, Möglichkeiten und Widersprüche / Ferdinand Wollenschläger. - Baden-Baden : Nomos. - Pages 69-122 In: XXVI. FIDE-Kongress vom 28. Mai bis 31. Mai 2014 in Kopenhagen / Peter-Christian Müller-Graff, Jürgen Schwarze (Hrsg.), ISBN 9783848722709: (2016), Pages 69-122. - 2016
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Public contracts, Damages, Compensation for damage, European private law, Community law and national law,

23. EU Ambivalence on Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation: Opacity and Obsolescence of the EURATOM Treaty
EU Ambivalence on Nuclear Disarmament and Non-proliferation: Opacity and Obsolescence of the EURATOM Treaty / Francesca Graziani. - The Hague : Eleven International Publishing. - Pages 75-83 In: Nuclear Weapons: Strengthening the International Legal Regime / Ida Caracciolo, Marco Pedrazzi and Talitha Vassalli di Dachenhausen (eds.), ISBN 9789462366077: (2016), Pages 75-83. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Atomic Energy Community, Nuclear weapons, Proliferation, Disarmament,

24. Can the EU Seasonal Workers' Directive Alleviate the Pending Crisis of Climate-Induced Displacement: Lessons from Oceania
Can the EU Seasonal Workers' Directive Alleviate the Pending Crisis of Climate-Induced Displacement: Lessons from Oceania / Mariya Gromilova In: European Labour Law Journal = ISSN 2031-9525: vol. 6, issue 4, page 292-320. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Seasonal workers, Community law, Climate change, Environmental refugees, Foreign workers, Human rights,

25. The Principle of Equality in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and Age Discrimination
The Principle of Equality in the EU Charter of Fundamental Rights and Age Discrimination : Hungarian and Austrian Experiences / Edit Kajtár, Franz Marhold In: European Labour Law Journal = ISSN 2031-9525: vol. 6, issue 4, page 321-342. - 2015
Keywords: Austria, Hungary, European Union, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, Age, Discrimination, Employment,

26. Travelling Time is Working Time According to the CJEU ... At Least for Mobile Workers
Travelling Time is Working Time According to the CJEU ... At Least for Mobile Workers / Sarah De Groof In: European Labour Law Journal = ISSN 2031-9525: vol. 6, issue 4, page 386-391. - 2015
Keywords: Foreign workers, Working conditions, Court of Justice of the European Union, Community law,

27. De Digitale Agenda en het internationaal privaatrecht
De Digitale Agenda en het internationaal privaatrecht / Jan-Jaap Kuipers In: Nederlands internationaal privaatrecht = ISSN 0167-7594: vol. 34, issue 2, page 226-238. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Internet, Copyright law, E-commerce, Data protection, European private law,

28. Voortvarend Nederlands voorzitterschap!
Voortvarend Nederlands voorzitterschap! : De Verordening huwelijks-vermogensstelsels 2016 : Een eerste analyse / M.H. ten Wolde In: Nederlands internationaal privaatrecht = ISSN 0167-7594: vol. 34, issue 2, page 248-257. - 2016
Keywords: The Netherlands, European Union, European marital property, Choice of law, Jurisdiction, Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, European family law,

29. The new Spanish Law on International Legal Cooperation in Civil Matters
The new Spanish Law on International Legal Cooperation in Civil Matters / Francisco J. Garcimartín Alférez, Iván Heridia Cervantes In: Nederlands internationaal privaatrecht = ISSN 0167-7594: vol. 34, issue 3, page 485-493. - 2016
Keywords: Spain, European Union, Legal co-operation,

30. EU Confronting Wildlife Trafficking
EU Confronting Wildlife Trafficking / Ilias Kouvaras In: European Energy and Environmental Law Review = ISSN 1879-3886: vol. 25, issue 3, page 76–86. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora (Washington, D.C., 3 March 1973), Species of fauna and flora, Wildlife, Environmental protection, European environmental law,

Librarian's choice

  • Ferreira, N., T.Kostakopoulou, J.Bradshaw, J. Bradshaw & S. Gola (eds.), The Human Face of the European Union: Are EU law and Policy Humane Enough?, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, 2016. Showcase item

    9781107077225

    This collection asks a direct but complex question: is the EU humane enough? The implementation of EU law and policy and its balance between economic and social values continues to provoke debate. Providing fresh insight, Nuno Ferreira and Dora Kostakopoulou present a novel analytical framework, centred on the notion of humaneness, for assessing EU law and policy. This innovative approach leads to recommendations for policy change towards a more humanistic philosophy for the EU. Broad in its scope, this remarkable volume draws together interdisciplinary perspectives from contributors who examine key EU law and policy fields, including economic integration, asylum and free movement, citizenship and development, and security.

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  • Delgado Casteleiro, A., The International Responsibility of the European Union: from Competence to Normative Control, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2016.

    9781107090545

    When is the EU responsible under international law? Is the EU a 'special case' international organisation? The UN General Assembly's adoption of the ILC articles on the International Responsibility of International Organisations was only the catalyst for debate on this topic. In this book, the author examines the legal personality of the EU, how - if at all - its responsibility under international agreements is shared between Member States, and how the international responsibility of the EU relates to its internal responsibilities under EU law. By exploring how in practice such legal regimes as the ILC, UNCLOS, and the WTO have held the EU responsible, this book provides an innovative analysis of a fundamental aspect of the relationship between the EU and international law.

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  • Graig, P. and G. De Búrca, EU Law: Text, Cases, and Materials, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015.

    Graig, P. and G. De Búrca, EU law : text, cases, and materials, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015.

    Building on its unrivalled reputation as the definitive EU law textbook, this sixth edition continues to provide clear and insightful analysis of all aspects of European Union law. Drawing on their wealth of experience both teaching and writing in this area, Paul Craig and Gráinne de Búrca provide a comprehensive and enhanced account of their classic text. Working closely as an author team for over twenty years, they succeed in bringing together a unique mix of illuminating commentary and well-chosen extracts from a wide range of cases, legislation and academic articles. All chapters have been carefully structured and designed to enhance student learning at all levels, laying the foundations of the subject while building analysis of more complex areas and cutting edge debates.

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  • Kenealy, D. (et. al.) (eds.), The European Union: How does it work?, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2015.

    The European Union: How does it work? is a perfect introduction to the EU's structure and operations for those studying it for the first time. An expert team of scholars and practitioners cut through the complexity to explain how the EU works in practice, and equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to study EU politics.

    The European Union: How does it work? is a perfect introduction to the EU's structure and operations for those studying it for the first time. An expert team of scholars and practitioners cut through the complexity to explain how the EU works in practice, and equip students with the knowledge and skills they need to study EU politics.

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  • Wessels, W., The European Council, London, Macmillan Education, Palgrave, 2016.

    This systematic assessment of the -often opaque- European Council looks at its characteristics, leaders and output as well as its impact on EU supranational and intergovernmental dynamics. Taking account of historical and contemporary developments up to and beyond the Lisbon Treaty, it encourages in-depth understanding of this key institution.

    This systematic assessment of the -often opaque- European Council looks at its characteristics, leaders and output as well as its impact on EU supranational and intergovernmental dynamics. Taking account of historical and contemporary developments up to and beyond the Lisbon Treaty, it encourages in-depth understanding of this key institution.

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  • Schütze, R., European Union Law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015.

    Schütze, R., European Union law, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2015

    Written with exceptional clarity, European Union Law constitutes a classic textbook for students and practitioners of European law. Using a clear structural framework, it guides readers through all the core constitutional and substantive topics of EU law, and provides in-depth coverage of the most important internal and external policy areas of the European Union. Extracts from classic case law are complemented with extensive and critical discussion of the theoretical and practical aspects of the European Union and its law, leading students to a deep understanding of the subject. Chapters are enriched with more than 100 colour figures and tables, which clarify complex topics and illustrate relationships and processes.

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Database

EUR-Lex provides free access to European Union law and other documents considered to be public. The collection  include  treaties, international agreements, legislation in force, preparatory acts, case-law and parliamentary questions.

The European e-Justice Portal implemented by the Commission in very close cooperation with EU countries, provides a wealth of information and links on laws and practices in all EU countries. The resources range from information on legal aid, judicial training, European small claims and videoconferencing to links to legal databases, online insolvency and land registers. It also includes user-friendly forms for various judicial proceedings, such as the European order for payment. The portal benefits citizens, businesses, lawyers and judges with cross-border legal questions and boosts mutual understanding of different legal systems by contributing to the creation of a single European area of justice.

Blogs

  • Defending Europe with an Army?

    During the U.S. election campaign Trump threatened to abandon U.S. allies in Europe if they did not spend enough on defense. Apart from undermining the deterrence-effect of NATO, this policy would be disastrous for European security. Fortunately U.S. President Barack Obama has said: “In my conversation with the president-elect he expressed a great interest in maintaining our core strategic relationships and so, one of the messages I will be able to deliver is his commitment to NATO and the transatlantic alliance.” Although president Trump will retain America’s commitment to the NATO alliance, Europe is awake now after dozing in under the U.S. security umbrella.

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  • European Court of Auditors

    A fiercely debated issue regarding the European Union (EU) is its budget and the allocation of funds, e.g. for agricultural subsidies. Every year one of the lesser-known European institutions, the European Court of Auditors (ECA), audits the Union’s revenue and expenditures. Furthermore ECA monitors if the annual facts and figures are reliable and if the transactions comply with the applicable European rules and regulations. This blog analyzes ECA’s legal position, formal tasks and its relationship with national Courts of Auditors.

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  • After Brexit a Citizens' Declaration

    Although EU citizenship has become one of the most distinctive symbols of the European Union since its foundation in 1992, the majority of UK voters have decided to leave the EU and to relinquish their rights as citizens of the Union. As discontent in other member states is growing too, the European Council should shed new light on the relation between the EU and its citizens through the adoption of a Citizens’ Declaration at its earliest opportunity. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, author of the EU-monograph: From Common Market to Common Democracy.

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  • Wake up call for Europe

    Last Thursday, June 23, the British people voted to leave the European Union in an unprecedented referendum about membership of the European Union. According to the official result 51.9% of the registered voters choose to leave against 48.1% who wanted the United Kingdom to remain a member of the European Union. This blog will assess certain aspects of the outcome of the referendum and will try to clarify what the next steps of the so-called Brexit are.

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  • Brexit: Countdown to a Possible Withdrawal Procedure

    On June 23, the United Kingdom will vote “in” or “out” on its membership in the European Union. What is the procedure of withdrawal and the Treaty Article which governs it all if the U.K. does indeed vote for a “Brexit” from the EU? Article 50 of the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union outlines the procedural steps for a Member State wishing to withdraw from the EU. This provision was introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon (in force 1 December 2009). The treaty foresees two options in which withdrawal can occur. The first option is the conclusion of a withdrawal agreement. The second option is that no agreement is reached.

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  • Dutch Referendum on the EU’s Association Agreement with Ukraine

    Today, Wednesday April 6th, citizens in the Netherlands can cast their votes in an unprecedented advisory referendum. The question put to a vote is whether the Dutch government should ratify the European Union’s Association Agreement with Ukraine or not. This blog provides some background of the EU’s Association Agreement with Ukraine and the lead up to today’s referendum.

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  • Launching a New Article 1 Treaty on European Union

    As the late Umberto Eco already suggested, a library is not merely a collection of books, but also forms an intellectual meeting place. In the past scholars used to meet each other at the lender’s desk or in the reading room. Thanks to the digital innovations of the last decades, the Peace Palace Library blogs have become a breeding place for innovative ideas in the field of International and European Law. Thousands of visitors of the PPL-website are using the opportunity to read the weekly blogs and to contribute to development of new approaches and, indeed, of paradigm shifts.

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  • From Common Market to Common Democracy

    Almost twenty five years after its foundation in 1992 the EU has established itself as a new polity in international law with an own and distinct model of governance. Contrary to the expectations of the signatories of the Maastricht Treaty the EU has neither become a state nor a free trade zone. The EU is not a State because sovereignty in the polity remains with the member States. According to the EU Court of Justice the EU is even ‘by its very nature precluded from being regarded as a State’.

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  • Enforcing the Rule of Law: The Case of Poland

    After the Law and Justice Party (PiS) took control over the presidency in May 2015 and won a clear majority in Poland’s last parliamentary elections in October 2015, the new conservative PiS government quickly expanded its control over the media and judiciary. They did so by introducing controversial amendments to laws, which were first passed through the Sejm: the Polish Parliament and then approved by the Senate and Poland’s new President Duda.

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  • ‘Trade Talks’

    On Thursday November 5th the Peace Palace Library, in cooperation with the Netherlands Society of International Affairs / Club Clingendael, organized ‘Trade Talks’. About 120 people attended the evening, hearing lectures and participating in discussions on international trade and the present negotiations of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) agreement between the European Union (EU) and the United States of America (USA).

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  • Victory for Privacy in Europe again? ECJ 'torpedoes' Safe Harbor

    Last Tuesday, October 6, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Safe Harbour Decision invalid. Mr Schrems, a frequent Facebook-user, lodged a complaint with the Irish supervisory authority because in his view leaks from Edward J. Snowden, the former contractor for the National Security Agency, made it clear that American intelligence agencies had almost unfettered access to the data, infringing on Europeans’ rights to privacy.

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  • Welcoming a New Model of Democracy

    Celebrating International Democracy Day on the 15th of September, the Peace Palace Library takes pleasure in announcing the emergence of a new model of democracy. Guest blogger Jaap Hoeksma continues his series of blogs about the European Union by submitting that the EU has overcome the deadlock in the debate about its future. He argues that, from a citizens’ point of view, the aim of the EU is neither to become a sovereign State of Europe nor to form a Europe of sovereign States, but rather to function as a European democracy.

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  • The EU Migration Crisis and Moral Obligations

    The European Union is currently coping with the world’s biggest migrant crisis since World War II. A record number of 107,500 migrants reached the EU’s borders last month.Large numbers of desparate migrants and refugees from the Middle East and Africa are trying to enter the European Union every day. Apart from this there are also many illegal immigrants who have entered the EU undetected. A conserable number of them have died during their attempt. According to a report of the UNHCR, around 2500 migrants who were trying to reach and enter the European Union have died or gone missing in the past year.

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  • Concretizing Transnational Democracy

    In his Models of Democracy, initially published in 2006, David Held submitted that in the 21st century democratic institutions must be developed at regional and global levels as a necessary complement to those at the level of the nation-state. A few years earlier Tony McGrew distinguished in his seminal essay on Transnational Democracy between four different accounts of transnational democracy rooted in the distinctive traditions of democratic thought, namely liberal-internationalism, radical democratic pluralism, cosmopolitanism and deliberative democracy. Whereas Held and McGrew discussed transnational democracy primarily as abstract concepts, Habermas suggested in 2014 that the European Union has to become a transnational democracy.

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  • Wine and... European Law?!

    At first glance wine and European Law don’t have to do much with each other. However, when one analyzes the relationship in depth, the legal aspects of wine have been (and still are) significantly important for the legal integration of the European Union and the creation of the common market. This blog focuses on these legal aspects in four judgments of the European Court of Justice and its predecessors.

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  • In Want of Democratic Legitimacy: Four Presidents searching for the Soul of Europe

    In the midst of the crisis concerning the place of Greece in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the European Union (EU), the European Council will discuss a report on better economic governance in the Euro Area. As the ‘analytical note’ has been drafted by the Presidents of the European Commission, the Council, the Euro Group and the ECB, the report is referred to in inner circles as the Four Presidents’ Report.

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  • The Data Retention Saga: Dutch Court Declared National Data Retention Law Invalid!

    On March 11, 2015, the district court of The Hague in the Netherlands declared the country’s 2009 Telecommunications Data Retention Act invalid. This decision was a foreseeable effect because of a previous judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union concerning the annulment of the European Directive on data retention on April 8, 2014. It seems now that European Member States are starting to face the consequences of that annulment. The cause of this is the fact that the European judgement did not automatically make national data retention legislation invalid. I will briefly discuss the case of the Dutch national data retention law.

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  • A Soul for Europe

    There is sincere doubt as to whether it will ever be possible to define the European Union. It depends on the perspective of the beholder, which she or he is likely to conclude about the nature of the Union. The present blogger tends to simultaneously agree and disagree with the authors. He concedes that the perspective from which one investigates the European Union, may determine to a large extent the conclusions which that person is likely to draw. The purpose of this blog is to describe the Union from various perspectives in a number of different ways.

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  • The Eurasian Economic Union as a Geopolitical and Economic Counterweight to the European Union: the Case of Armenia

    The Eurasian Economic Union is the next step in Eurasian economic integration. It will function as a common market with a customs union and has the aim of providing the free movement of goods, services, capital and workforce and conducting common policies in key economic sectors, such as energy and agriculture. The EEU was established in 2014 between Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia. A the treaty to enlarge the EEU by including Armenia was signed in October. In this blog we’ll discuss the main reasons for Armenia to join the EEU instead of choosing the path of closer cooperation with the European Union.

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  • The Identity of the European Union

    The question concerning the nature of the EU has been one of the most contested political and academic issues of the last fifty years. From the outset, the debate about European integration has been dominated by the dilemma as to whether the project should result in the emergence of a sovereign state of Europe or in the formation of a Europe of sovereign states. This line of thought leads to the suggestion that, anno 2014, the identity of the EU may be described with the following words: the EU is a Union of citizens and member states which functions as a common democracy.

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  • European Court of Justice Clarification of the Research and Private Study Exception to Copyright Infringement for Libraries

    On Thursday 11 September 2014, the European Court of Justice ruled on the meaning of the research and private study exception to copyright infringement for libraries, educational establishments, museums and archives. The Court decided that libraries are allowed to digitise books and make them available to the public at e-reading points within its vicinity, without the author’s permission. The judgment was issued in Case C-117/13, Technische Universität Darmstadt v Eugen Ulmer KG.

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  • Connecting Habermas with International Law

    The financial crisis has intensified the debate about the feasibility of the European Union as a new phenomenon in international law. In his essay ‘On Europe’s Constitution’, philosopher Jürgen Habermas underlines that he regards the EU as a step in the direction of a politically constituted world order. In an 2012 interview Habermas focuses on the conceptual challenges of the EU by asking the quintessential question: How should we imagine a for closer co-operation necessary, supranational association which complies with stringent demands of democratic legitimacy without assuming the shape of a state?

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  • ECJ Judgment: Private Copying Levy Cannot Include Copies Made from Unlawful Sources!

    The European Court of Justice has been pretty busy the past weeks. On Tuesday, April 8th 2014, the Court has declared the Data Retention Directive invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. On Thursday, April 10th 2014, the Court has given its verdict on a complicated Dutch case involving the home-copying exception of European copyright legislation, and the associated use of copyright levies on blank media.

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  • The Origins of EU and EMU: Towards a Post-Westphalian Paradigm

    The theoretical hallmark of the European Union is its flexible approach to sovereignty. According to the Westphalian system of international relations which forms the prevailing paradigm in international law and lies at the heart of the organisation of the United Nations, sovereignty is one and indivisible. States are sovereign and without sovereignty there is no State. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, Philosopher of Law, Director of Euroknow and Creator of the Boardgame Eurocracy.

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  • Exit Data Retention Directive: a Victory for Privacy in Europe!

    Last Tuesday, April 8, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Data Retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC, 15 March 2006) invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. In the view of the Court, the requirement in the Data Retention Directive for mobile operators and internet service providers to retain data interfered in a “particularly serious manner with the fundamental rights to respect for private life and to the protection of personal data”.

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  • Europe: Backwards or Forwards?

    In an apocalyptic essay, written at the height of the euro-crisis in 2012, Joseph Weiler predicted that the European Union will turn on its member-states in a similar way as the Golem of Prague persecuted its creators in the 16th century. The author paves the way for this conclusion by attributing a dimension of ‘political messianism’ to the statements of the founding fathers, which turns the Schuman-declaration into a roadmap to ‘the Promised Land’. As messianic narratives are doomed to collapse, the European project is set to disappoint and alienate the populace as well. Consequently, the EU creates the conditions for its own destruction.

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  • Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

    For decades, the process of European integration has been hampered by the predominance of the Westphalian system of international relations. According to this system, which owes its name to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the process of European integration had to result either in the creation of a federal European state or in the establishment of a confederal union of states. Founded in 1992, the EU defied the Westphalian paradigm from the outset.

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  • Ukraine, Moving East or West?

    Although Yanukovych has claimed many times to seek good ties with Russia and the EU simultaneously, it seems that by refusing to sign the Association Agreement (AA) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU last November, the power balance is tipping towards Russia. As an alternative to further EU integration, Russia has been actively promoting Ukraine to join the Russian-led Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, which in the future could progress towards a further integrated Eurasian Union.

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  • Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    The Italian banker and politician Padoa-Schioppa used to describe Great-Britain as the Venice of Europe. Drawing a comparison between the Italian unification in the 19th century and the present process of European integration, Padoa-Schioppa suggested that the UK is and will remain as reluctant to give up the pound in favour of euro as Venice has been to join the Italian lira. The implication of the comparison is, of course, that, however grudgingly, in the end the UK will accept the common European currency as well.

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  • The European Union as a Common Democracy

    As a young democracy the EU urgently needs to strengthen its legitimacy and accountability. The transition from a traditional union of nation states to a polity of citizens and member states requires a fundamental adjustment of governance structures. The primordial challenge for the coming decades is therefore to address the democratic deficit and to turn the EU into a living democracy.

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  • A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    On June 28th 2011 Peter Kooijmans participated in a conference about the place of the EU in international law, which was held in the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace under the auspices of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and the Carnegie Foundation. According to a blog on this website, one of the participants started the debate on the presumption that ‘the EU is a thing for which lawyers have no name’.

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  • Cameron and the Intricacies of the Westphalian System of International Relations

    In his long-awaited speech on Europe British Prime Minister David Cameron criticised the EU for its lack of democracy. PM Cameron is right insofar as the citizens of the EU can’t elect their own European government and miss the power to vote their leaders out of office. However, Cameron’s criticism would only be justified if the EU were to be considered as a sovereign state like the UK, France or Germany.

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  • The EU and the Nobel Peace Prize: Who will say thank you?

    European Council President Herman Van Rompuy or Jose-Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission or Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament? Together they will fly to Oslo on December 10 to represent the main institutions of the EU at the acceptance ceremony for the Nobel Peace Prize 2012.

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  • The Novelty of the EU

    For decades, the debate about the future of the European Union has been dominated by the dilemma whether the EU was to become a federal state or should establish itself as a union of states. After the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, however, it may be suggested that the deadlock in the debate about the finalité politique has been broken. The gist of this blog is to argue that the Lisbon Treaty construes the EU as a democracy without turning the Union into a state. This conclusion can be underpinned as follows.

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  • Internet governance 2012: Who should control the Internet?

    In the last twenty years, the Internet has had a tremendous impact on society and the term “Internet governance” was introduced. At first it was mainly used to describe the technical management of the Internet such as domain names and internet protocols. Nowadays governance refers to questions like “Do we all accept our responsibilities to safeguard the continued development of the Internet as a global, open and safe virtual environment? and Who sets the rules? In this blog I will give a few highlights of the current developments of internet governance on an International and (as well as on) an European level.

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  • The EU as a democratic polity in international law

    On June 28, 2011 a conference was held about The European Union (hereafter EU) as a Polity in International Law at the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference was held at the initiative of Mr. Jaap Hoeksma, Director of Euroknow. This initiative was supported by Dr P. H. Kooijmans, Prof Dr L-J Brinkhorst, Dr W.F. van Eekelen, Dr W.van Gerven and Dr Th. van Boven.

    The theme of the conference was the legal status of the European Union and its relationship with international law.From its inception, the main goal of the European Union and its integration in the legal as well as political systems of the Member states has been faced with conceptual problems regarding the final goal of the establishment of the European Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss whether the Lisbon Treaty has overcome the problems by constructing the EU as a democratic polity without turning the Union into a state. If so, what are the consequences for the place of the EU as a polity in international law and for its role in international relations?

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  • European nuclear safety after the Japanese Fukushima disaster

    On Friday 11 March 2011, Japan was struck by a devastating earthquake and tsunami, also known as the Tōhoku earthquake. Japan’s nuclear crisis that was caused by the earthquake and tsunami has so far evoked many questions and worries about the safety of nuclear energy just like the Chernobyl disaster evoked responses in the 1980s. It raises questions about the possible impact of nuclear energy industry on safety and health. Several European countries have discussed the use of nuclear energy and safety measures or have temporarily shut down nuclear reactors since the Japanese earthquake of 11 March 2011.

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  • International and European criminal measures on intellectual property rights

    On October 2, 2010, the 11th and final round of the negotiations for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was concluded successfully in Tokyo, Japan. The Government of Japan hosted the negotiations. Participants in the negotiations included Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) – represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the […]

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  • Roma Rights in the European Union.

    In July 2010, The French government decided to begin to expel Roma’s, mainly from Romania and Bulgaria, as many of them were living in France illegally. This decision caused much controversy within the Institutions of the EU. This blog will briefly discuss in what way EU institutions have responded to recent Roma issues and what can be done to improve the position of this marginalized community in Europe.

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  • EU Enlargement Strategy and Progress Reports 2009

    On 14 October 2009 the European Commission adopted its annual strategy document explaining its policy on EU enlargement. The document includes also a summary of the progress made over the last twelve months by each candidate and potential candidate: Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, […]

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  • The European Union’s ‘ContraFake’ policy

    Counterfeiting, which represents 5 to 7% of world trade, has implications on the competitiveness of EU companies, on jobs and on the health and security of EU citizens. László Kovác, European Commissioner in charge of Taxation and Customs Union, states his vision on the fight against counterfeiting as follows. ‘Customs have a vital role to […]

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See also

More Research guides on International Organizations and Relations