European Union

Introduction

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This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on the European Union. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library's classification index code European Union in General and subject heading (keyword) European Union are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

New titles


1. Das skandinavische Transparenzgebot im europäischen Recht
Das skandinavische Transparenzgebot im europäischen Recht : Herkunft, Entwicklung, Wechselwirkungen und Systematik eines verfahrensrechtlichen Grundsatzes / Laura Pfirrmann. - 1. Auflage. - Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2016. - 227 pages. ; 23 cm. - (Schriftenreihe Europäisches Recht, Politik und Wirtschaft ; Band 381) Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral), Universität Freiburg, 2012. - Includes bibliographical references. - 2016
Keywords: Nordic countries, Transparency, Community law and national law, Theses,

2. The European Union as a diplomatic actor
The European Union as a diplomatic actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. - XIX, 209 pages. : illustrations. ; 23 cm. - (The European Union in international affairs series) Includes bibliographical references and an index. - Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy,

3. Cross-border litigation in Europe
Cross-border litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM, 2015. - XIII, 290 pagina's. ; 24 cm. - (Studi e pubblicazioni della Rivista di diritto internazionale privato e processuale ; 80) Met literatuuropgave. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), European private law, International law of procedure, Community law and national law,

4. The Evolving Private International Law/Substantive Law Overlap in the European Union
The Evolving Private International Law/Substantive Law Overlap in the European Union / Ronald A. Brand. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 371-383 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 371-383. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters [Brussels, 22 December 2000], Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Vienna, 11 April 1980), Sale, International contracts, Forum shopping, Private international law,

5. Forum Shopping: a Plea for a Broad and Value-neutral Definition
Forum Shopping: a Plea for a Broad and Value-neutral Definition / Franco Ferrari. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 385-401 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 385-401. - 2014
Keywords: Private international law, Forum shopping,

6. Rechtsvergleichung und Kollisionsrecht - Neue Akzente in einer alten Beziehung
Rechtsvergleichung und Kollisionsrecht - Neue Akzente in einer alten Beziehung / Axel Flessner. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 403-417 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 403-417. - 2014
Keywords: Private international law, Conflict of laws, Party autonomy, Choice of law, Comparative law,

7. Halbseitig ausschließliche Gerichtsstandsvereinbarungen unter de Brüssel I-VO
Halbseitig ausschließliche Gerichtsstandsvereinbarungen unter de Brüssel I-VO / Robert Freitag. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 419-431 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 419-431. - 2014
Keywords: Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters [Brussels, 22 December 2000], Jurisdiction, Forum shopping,

8. Zur Einordnung und Anknüpfung der Ansprüche und der Haftung Dritter in Internationalen Schuldrecht
Zur Einordnung und Anknüpfung der Ansprüche und der Haftung Dritter in Internationalen Schuldrecht / Dieter Martiny. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 483-500 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 483-500. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II), Non-contractual liability, Third parties,

9. Die Haager Prinzipien des internationalen Vertragsrecht - Ausgewählte Aspekte aus der Sicht der Rom I-VO
Die Haager Prinzipien des internationalen Vertragsrecht - Ausgewählte Aspekte aus der Sicht der Rom I-VO / Thomas Pfeiffer. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 501-513 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 501-513. - 2014
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I), International contracts, Choice of law, Private international law,

10. Vertragliche Schuldverhältnisse der Europäischen Union - Zuständigkeit und anwendbares Recht
Vertragliche Schuldverhältnisse der Europäischen Union - Zuständigkeit und anwendbares Recht / Martin Taschner. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 531-548 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 531-548. - 2014
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I), International contracts, Choice of law, Private international law,

11. Kündigungsschutz und Kleinbetriebsklausel im internationalen Arbeitsrecht - unter besonderer Berücksichtigungs des österreichischen Kündigungsschutzrechts
Kündigungsschutz und Kleinbetriebsklausel im internationalen Arbeitsrecht - unter besonderer Berücksichtigungs des österreichischen Kündigungsschutzrechts / Peter Winkler von Mohrenfels. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 549-566 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 549-566. - 2014
Keywords: Austria, European Union, Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I), International labour law, Termination of employment,

12. Nacherfüllungsrecht und Erfüllungsanspruch im CESL
Nacherfüllungsrecht und Erfüllungsanspruch im CESL / Robert Magnus. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 615-630 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 615-630. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Sale, International contracts, Law of contracts, Fulfilment of obligation, Private international law,

13. Administração da segurança alimentar na União Europeia
Administração da segurança alimentar na União Europeia : como garantir um nível elevado de protecção com eficácia, precaução, transparência e abertura / Alexandra Aragão In: Boletim da Faculdade de Direito = ISSN 0303-9773: vol. 90, issue 1, page 139-178. - 2014
Keywords: Portugal, European Union, Right to food,

14. A natureza jurídica da União Europeia após o Tratado de Lisboa
A natureza jurídica da União Europeia após o Tratado de Lisboa / Mário Simões Barata In: Boletim da Faculdade de Direito = ISSN 0303-9773: vol. 90, issue 1, page 263-313. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Principles, Community law and national law,

15. Gouvernance et conflits d'intérêts dans les agences de notation financière
Gouvernance et conflits d'intérêts dans les agences de notation financière / Markus Krall In: Revue internationale de droit économique = ISSN 1010-8831: vol. 30, issue 2, page 185-195. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Banks, Economic crisis, Credit, Oligopoly, Shareholders, Competition,

16. Non-EU States and the Brussels I Recast Regulation
Non-EU States and the Brussels I Recast Regulation : New Rules and Some Solutions for Old Problems / Sergio M. Carbone, Chiara E. Tuo. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 1-30 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 1-30. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Third states, European private law, International law of procedure, Community law and national law,

17. A New Head of Jurisdiction in relation to the Recovery of Cultural Objects
A New Head of Jurisdiction in relation to the Recovery of Cultural Objects / Martin Gebauer. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 31-39 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 31-39. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Cultural property, Jurisdiction, International law of procedure, Community law and national law,

18. Enhancing Protection for Weaker Parties
Enhancing Protection for Weaker Parties : Jurisdiction over Individual Contracts of Employment / Ruggiero Cafari Panico. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 41-66 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 41-66. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Labor contracts, Jurisdiction, International law of procedure,

19. The Consumer's Jurisdictional Privilege
The Consumer's Jurisdictional Privilege : on (Missing) Legislative and (Misguided) Judicial Action / Giesela Rühl. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 67-96 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 67-96. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Consumers, Protection, International law of procedure, Case-law,

20. The Role of Party Autonomy in the Allocation of Jurisdiction in Contractual Matters
The Role of Party Autonomy in the Allocation of Jurisdiction in Contractual Matters / Peter Mankowski. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 97-125 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 97-125. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Jurisdiction, Party autonomy, Forum shopping, Competence clause, International law of procedure, Cases,

21. Choice-of-Court Agreements and "Third Parties" in light of Refcomp and beyond
Choice-of-Court Agreements and "Third Parties" in light of Refcomp and beyond / Francesca C. Villata. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 127-151 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 127-151. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Jurisdiction, Forum shopping, Competence clause, Third parties, Community law and national law, Cases,

22. The End of Torpedo Actions?
The End of Torpedo Actions? / Peter Arnt Nielsen. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 153-169 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 153-169. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Jurisdiction, Concurrent proceedings, Forum shopping, Cases,

23. The Cross-Border Effectiveness of Inaudita Parte Measures in the Brussels I Recast Regulation
The Cross-Border Effectiveness of Inaudita Parte Measures in the Brussels I Recast Regulation : an Appraisal / Francisco Garcimartín. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 171-186 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 171-186. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Jurisdiction, Precautionary measures, Provisional measures, Cases,

24. The Abolition of Exequatur and the Free Circulation of Judgments
The Abolition of Exequatur and the Free Circulation of Judgments / Thomas Pfeiffer. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 187-194 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 187-194. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments,

25. Refusal of Recognition and Enforcement of Decisions under the Brussels I Recast Regulation
Refusal of Recognition and Enforcement of Decisions under the Brussels I Recast Regulation : where the Free Circulation meets its Limits / Luigi Fumagalli. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 195-223 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 195-223. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments,

26. The Brussels I Recast Regulation and the Hague Convention
The Brussels I Recast Regulation and the Hague Convention : Convergences and Divergences in relation to the Enforcement of Choice-of-Courts Agreements / Francesca Ragno. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 225-264 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 225-264. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Convention on Choice of Court Agreements (The Hague, 30 june 2005), Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, Forum shopping,

27. The Brussels I Recast Regulation and the Unified Patent Court Agreement
The Brussels I Recast Regulation and the Unified Patent Court Agreement : towards an Enhanced Patent Litigation System? / Fabrizio Marongiu Buonaiuti. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 265-290 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 265-290. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, Patents, Third states,

28. New Judicial Review in Old Europe
New Judicial Review in Old Europe / Alyssa S. King In: Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law = ISSN 0046-578X: vol. 44, issue 1, page 1-43. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, European Court of Human Rights, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Accession, Judicial review,

29. Balancing a Right to Be Forgotten with a Right to Freedom of Expression in the Wake of Google Spain v. AEPD
Balancing a Right to Be Forgotten with a Right to Freedom of Expression in the Wake of Google Spain v. AEPD / Shaniqua Singleton In: Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law = ISSN 0046-578X: vol. 44, issue 1, page 165-193. - 2015
Keywords: Germany, France, Spain, European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Internet providers, Freedom of expression, Privacy, Data protection, Case-law,

30. Competition Litigation in the EU and the UK after the 2014 Antitrust Damages Directive
Competition Litigation in the EU and the UK after the 2014 Antitrust Damages Directive / Arianna Andreangeli In: Civil Justice Quarterly = ISSN 0261-9261: vol. 35, issue 4, page 342-366. - 2016
Keywords: Germany, Great Britain, European Union, Trials, Unfair competition, Private enforcement, Community law,

31. Islamic Headscarves and the Workplace reach the CJEU
Islamic Headscarves and the Workplace reach the CJEU : the Battle for Substantive Equality / Schona Jolly In: European Human Rights Law Review = ISSN 1361-1526: (2016), issue 6, page 622-680. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Muslims, Veil, Working conditions, Discrimination, Equality, Directives, Community law and international law, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950),

32. A Question of Coherence
A Question of Coherence : The Proposals on EU Contract Rules on Digital Content and Online Sales / Matthias Lehmann In: Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law = ISSN 1023-263X: vol. 23, issue 5, page 752-774. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European contract law, Consumers, E-commerce, Digital media, Harmonisation, Community law and national law, European private law,

33. Family Benefits in the EU
Family Benefits in the EU : Is It Still Possible to Coordinate Them? / Grega Strban In: Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law = ISSN 1023-263X: vol. 23, issue 5, page 775-795. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Families, Maintenance obligations, Social security, European private law, Community law and national law,

34. 'Brexit'
'Brexit' : Consequences for Citizenship of the Union and Residence Rights / Guayasén Marrero González In: Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law = ISSN 1023-263X: vol. 23, issue 5, page 796-811. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, Brexit, Citizenship, Family life, Right of residence,

35. The Unstoppable Expansion of the EU Fundamental Right to Data Protection
The Unstoppable Expansion of the EU Fundamental Right to Data Protection : Little Shop of Horrors? / Maja Brkan In: Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law = ISSN 1023-263X: vol. 23, issue 5, page 812-841. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Electronic data, Data protection, Extraterritorial jurisdiction, Human rights,

36. A practical approach to rebates
A practical approach to rebates / Bill Batchelor, Fientje Moerman In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 12, page 479-484. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Abuse of a dominant position, Guidelines, Competition, Cases,

37. Fine setting under the Chinese Anti-Monopoly Law
Fine setting under the Chinese Anti-Monopoly Law : back to basics / Yichen Yang In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 12, page 493-505. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, China, Court of Justice of the European Union, Cartels and monopolies, Competition, Fines, Comparative law, Cases,

38. Pay-for-Delay Settlements in the EU
Pay-for-Delay Settlements in the EU : did the Commission Go Too Far / Vilhelm Schröder In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 12, page 506-512. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Pharmaceuticals, Patents, Competition, Intellectual property,

39. Anti-cartel enforcement mechanism and consequent applicability of leniency programmes
Anti-cartel enforcement mechanism and consequent applicability of leniency programmes : a comparative study of India, the US and EU antitrust regimes / Deepankar Sharma In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 12, page 513-521. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, United States of America, India, European Commission, Cartels and monopolies, Competition, Enforcement, Comparative law,

40. Le rôle de la Charte dans la jurisprudence de la Cour de Justice de l'Union européenne depuis l'avis 2/13
Le rôle de la Charte dans la jurisprudence de la Cour de Justice de l'Union européenne depuis l'avis 2/13 : vers un "modus vivendi" avec la droit de la Convention? / Romain Tinière In: Revue de l'Union européenne = ISSN 0035-2616: (2016), issue 600 (jul-aug), page 400-405. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Case-law,

41. La protection des données à caractère personel en droit européen
La protection des données à caractère personel en droit européen : de la vie privée à la vie privée numérique / Christophe Maubernard In: Revue de l'Union européenne = ISSN 0035-2616: (2016), issue 600 (jul-aug), page 406-414. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Personal data, Privacy, Data protection, Cases,

42. Un destin divergent
Un destin divergent : les relations entre l'Union européenne et la Charte sociale européenne / Carole Nivard In: Revue de l'Union européenne = ISSN 0035-2616: (2016), issue 600 (jul-aug), page 416-425. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Social Charter (Turin, 18 October 1961), European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), European Court of Human Rights, Social rights, Conflict of laws, Community law, Cases,

43. Le nouveau règlement général sur la protection des données
Le nouveau règlement général sur la protection des données : quoi de neuf? / Ioana Gheorghe-Badescu In: Revue de l'Union européenne = ISSN 0035-2616: (2016), issue 601 (sep), page 466-477. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Data protection, Personal data, Information and communication technology, Security, Community law,

44. Introduction: the European Union as a Diplomatic Actor
Introduction: the European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 1-10 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 1-10. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy,

45. The EU as a Diplomatic Actor in the Post-Lisbon Era: Robust or Rootless Hybrid?
The EU as a Diplomatic Actor in the Post-Lisbon Era: Robust or Rootless Hybrid? / Michael H. Smith. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 11-30 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 11-30. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy,

46. EU Diplomacy in Global Governance: the Role of the European External Action Service
EU Diplomacy in Global Governance: the Role of the European External Action Service / Knud Erik Jørgensen. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 31-51 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 31-51. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, European External Action Service, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy, Global governance,

47. Evaluating the Impact of EU Diplomacy: Pitfalls and Challenges
Evaluating the Impact of EU Diplomacy: Pitfalls and Challenges / Yvonne Kleistra and Niels van Willigen. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 52-68 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 52-68. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy,

48. Diplomacy at the Individual Level: the Role of EU Special Representatives in European Foreign Policy
Diplomacy at the Individual Level: the Role of EU Special Representatives in European Foreign Policy / Dominik Tolksdorf. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 69-87 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 69-87. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy,

49. Speak up!
Speak up! : Getting the EU a Voice at the UN General Assembly / Fernando Andresen Guimarães. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 88-102 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 88-102. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, General Assembly, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy,

50. The EU as a Coercive Diplomatic Actor?
The EU as a Coercive Diplomatic Actor? : the EU-3 Initiative towards Iran / Tom Sauer. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 103-119 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 103-119. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Iran, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy, Nuclear facilities, Nuclear weapons,

51. The EU's Role and Performance witin the G20 in the Area of Finance and Development
The EU's Role and Performance witin the G20 in the Area of Finance and Development / Peter Debaer. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 120-137 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 120-137. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Group of Twenty, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy, Financial relations, Economic development,

52. The European Union as an International Trade Negotiator
The European Union as an International Trade Negotiator / Frank Hoffmeister. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 138-154 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 138-154. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy, International trade,

53. The EU as a Diplomatic Actor in the Field of Human Rights
The EU as a Diplomatic Actor in the Field of Human Rights / Karen E. Smith. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 155-177 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 155-177. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy, Human rights,

54. The European Union's Climate Change Diplomacy
The European Union's Climate Change Diplomacy / Simon Schunz. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 178-201 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 178-201. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy, Climate change,

55. Breaking the Isolation? Italian Perspectives on the Dialogue Between the European Court of Justice and Constitutional Courts
Breaking the Isolation? Italian Perspectives on the Dialogue Between the European Court of Justice and Constitutional Courts / Stefano Civitarese Matteucci In: European Public Law = ISSN 1875-8207: vol. 22, issue 4, page 689–715. - 2016
Keywords: Italy, European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Constitutional Court, Community law and national law, Preliminary rulings, Judicial dialogue,

56. The Place for Prisoners in European Union Law?
The Place for Prisoners in European Union Law? / Leandro Mancano In: European Public Law = ISSN 1875-8207: vol. 22, issue 4, page 717–747. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Detention, Detainees, Citizenship, European criminal law, Court of Justice of the European Union, Case-law,
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1. Das skandinavische Transparenzgebot im europäischen Recht
Das skandinavische Transparenzgebot im europäischen Recht : Herkunft, Entwicklung, Wechselwirkungen und Systematik eines verfahrensrechtlichen Grundsatzes / Laura Pfirrmann. - 1. Auflage. - Baden-Baden : Nomos, 2016. - 227 pages. ; 23 cm. - (Schriftenreihe Europäisches Recht, Politik und Wirtschaft ; Band 381) Originally presented as the author's thesis (doctoral), Universität Freiburg, 2012. - Includes bibliographical references. - 2016
Keywords: Nordic countries, Transparency, Community law and national law, Theses,

2. The European Union as a diplomatic actor
The European Union as a diplomatic actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan, 2015. - XIX, 209 pages. : illustrations. ; 23 cm. - (The European Union in international affairs series) Includes bibliographical references and an index. - Includes bibliographical references and index. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy,

3. Cross-border litigation in Europe
Cross-border litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM, 2015. - XIII, 290 pagina's. ; 24 cm. - (Studi e pubblicazioni della Rivista di diritto internazionale privato e processuale ; 80) Met literatuuropgave. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), European private law, International law of procedure, Community law and national law,

4. The Evolving Private International Law/Substantive Law Overlap in the European Union
The Evolving Private International Law/Substantive Law Overlap in the European Union / Ronald A. Brand. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 371-383 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 371-383. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters [Brussels, 22 December 2000], Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (Vienna, 11 April 1980), Sale, International contracts, Forum shopping, Private international law,

5. Forum Shopping: a Plea for a Broad and Value-neutral Definition
Forum Shopping: a Plea for a Broad and Value-neutral Definition / Franco Ferrari. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 385-401 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 385-401. - 2014
Keywords: Private international law, Forum shopping,

6. Rechtsvergleichung und Kollisionsrecht - Neue Akzente in einer alten Beziehung
Rechtsvergleichung und Kollisionsrecht - Neue Akzente in einer alten Beziehung / Axel Flessner. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 403-417 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 403-417. - 2014
Keywords: Private international law, Conflict of laws, Party autonomy, Choice of law, Comparative law,

7. Halbseitig ausschließliche Gerichtsstandsvereinbarungen unter de Brüssel I-VO
Halbseitig ausschließliche Gerichtsstandsvereinbarungen unter de Brüssel I-VO / Robert Freitag. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 419-431 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 419-431. - 2014
Keywords: Council Regulation (EC) No 44/2001 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters [Brussels, 22 December 2000], Jurisdiction, Forum shopping,

8. Zur Einordnung und Anknüpfung der Ansprüche und der Haftung Dritter in Internationalen Schuldrecht
Zur Einordnung und Anknüpfung der Ansprüche und der Haftung Dritter in Internationalen Schuldrecht / Dieter Martiny. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 483-500 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 483-500. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Regulation (EC) No 864/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 July 2007 on the law applicable to non-contractual obligations (Rome II), Non-contractual liability, Third parties,

9. Die Haager Prinzipien des internationalen Vertragsrecht - Ausgewählte Aspekte aus der Sicht der Rom I-VO
Die Haager Prinzipien des internationalen Vertragsrecht - Ausgewählte Aspekte aus der Sicht der Rom I-VO / Thomas Pfeiffer. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 501-513 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 501-513. - 2014
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I), International contracts, Choice of law, Private international law,

10. Vertragliche Schuldverhältnisse der Europäischen Union - Zuständigkeit und anwendbares Recht
Vertragliche Schuldverhältnisse der Europäischen Union - Zuständigkeit und anwendbares Recht / Martin Taschner. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 531-548 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 531-548. - 2014
Keywords: Germany, European Union, Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I), International contracts, Choice of law, Private international law,

11. Kündigungsschutz und Kleinbetriebsklausel im internationalen Arbeitsrecht - unter besonderer Berücksichtigungs des österreichischen Kündigungsschutzrechts
Kündigungsschutz und Kleinbetriebsklausel im internationalen Arbeitsrecht - unter besonderer Berücksichtigungs des österreichischen Kündigungsschutzrechts / Peter Winkler von Mohrenfels. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 549-566 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 549-566. - 2014
Keywords: Austria, European Union, Regulation (EC) No 593/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 17 June 2008 on the law applicable to contractual obligations (Rome I), International labour law, Termination of employment,

12. Nacherfüllungsrecht und Erfüllungsanspruch im CESL
Nacherfüllungsrecht und Erfüllungsanspruch im CESL / Robert Magnus. - München : Sellier European Law Publishers. - Page 615-630 In: Festschrift für Ulrich Magnus : zum 70. Geburtstag / herausgegeben von Peter Mankowski, Wolfgang Wurmnest, ISBN 9783866532694: (2014), Page 615-630. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Sale, International contracts, Law of contracts, Fulfilment of obligation, Private international law,

13. Administração da segurança alimentar na União Europeia
Administração da segurança alimentar na União Europeia : como garantir um nível elevado de protecção com eficácia, precaução, transparência e abertura / Alexandra Aragão In: Boletim da Faculdade de Direito = ISSN 0303-9773: vol. 90, issue 1, page 139-178. - 2014
Keywords: Portugal, European Union, Right to food,

14. A natureza jurídica da União Europeia após o Tratado de Lisboa
A natureza jurídica da União Europeia após o Tratado de Lisboa / Mário Simões Barata In: Boletim da Faculdade de Direito = ISSN 0303-9773: vol. 90, issue 1, page 263-313. - 2014
Keywords: European Union, Treaty of Lisbon amending the Treaty on European Union and the Treaty establishing the European Community (Lisbon, 13 December 2007), Principles, Community law and national law,

15. Gouvernance et conflits d'intérêts dans les agences de notation financière
Gouvernance et conflits d'intérêts dans les agences de notation financière / Markus Krall In: Revue internationale de droit économique = ISSN 1010-8831: vol. 30, issue 2, page 185-195. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Banks, Economic crisis, Credit, Oligopoly, Shareholders, Competition,

16. Non-EU States and the Brussels I Recast Regulation
Non-EU States and the Brussels I Recast Regulation : New Rules and Some Solutions for Old Problems / Sergio M. Carbone, Chiara E. Tuo. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 1-30 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 1-30. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Third states, European private law, International law of procedure, Community law and national law,

17. A New Head of Jurisdiction in relation to the Recovery of Cultural Objects
A New Head of Jurisdiction in relation to the Recovery of Cultural Objects / Martin Gebauer. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 31-39 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 31-39. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Cultural property, Jurisdiction, International law of procedure, Community law and national law,

18. Enhancing Protection for Weaker Parties
Enhancing Protection for Weaker Parties : Jurisdiction over Individual Contracts of Employment / Ruggiero Cafari Panico. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 41-66 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 41-66. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Labor contracts, Jurisdiction, International law of procedure,

19. The Consumer's Jurisdictional Privilege
The Consumer's Jurisdictional Privilege : on (Missing) Legislative and (Misguided) Judicial Action / Giesela Rühl. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 67-96 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 67-96. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Consumers, Protection, International law of procedure, Case-law,

20. The Role of Party Autonomy in the Allocation of Jurisdiction in Contractual Matters
The Role of Party Autonomy in the Allocation of Jurisdiction in Contractual Matters / Peter Mankowski. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 97-125 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 97-125. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Jurisdiction, Party autonomy, Forum shopping, Competence clause, International law of procedure, Cases,

21. Choice-of-Court Agreements and "Third Parties" in light of Refcomp and beyond
Choice-of-Court Agreements and "Third Parties" in light of Refcomp and beyond / Francesca C. Villata. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 127-151 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 127-151. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Jurisdiction, Forum shopping, Competence clause, Third parties, Community law and national law, Cases,

22. The End of Torpedo Actions?
The End of Torpedo Actions? / Peter Arnt Nielsen. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 153-169 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 153-169. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Jurisdiction, Concurrent proceedings, Forum shopping, Cases,

23. The Cross-Border Effectiveness of Inaudita Parte Measures in the Brussels I Recast Regulation
The Cross-Border Effectiveness of Inaudita Parte Measures in the Brussels I Recast Regulation : an Appraisal / Francisco Garcimartín. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 171-186 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 171-186. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Jurisdiction, Precautionary measures, Provisional measures, Cases,

24. The Abolition of Exequatur and the Free Circulation of Judgments
The Abolition of Exequatur and the Free Circulation of Judgments / Thomas Pfeiffer. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 187-194 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 187-194. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments,

25. Refusal of Recognition and Enforcement of Decisions under the Brussels I Recast Regulation
Refusal of Recognition and Enforcement of Decisions under the Brussels I Recast Regulation : where the Free Circulation meets its Limits / Luigi Fumagalli. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 195-223 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 195-223. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments,

26. The Brussels I Recast Regulation and the Hague Convention
The Brussels I Recast Regulation and the Hague Convention : Convergences and Divergences in relation to the Enforcement of Choice-of-Courts Agreements / Francesca Ragno. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 225-264 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 225-264. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Convention on Choice of Court Agreements (The Hague, 30 june 2005), Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, Forum shopping,

27. The Brussels I Recast Regulation and the Unified Patent Court Agreement
The Brussels I Recast Regulation and the Unified Patent Court Agreement : towards an Enhanced Patent Litigation System? / Fabrizio Marongiu Buonaiuti. - [Verona] : Wolters Kluwer ; [Padova] : CEDAM. - Pages 265-290 In: Cross-border Litigation in Europe : the Brussels I Recast Regulation as a panacea? / edited by Franco Ferrari, Francesca Ragno, ISBN 9788813358310: (2015), Pages 265-290. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Council and European Parliament Regulation No 1215/2012 on jurisdiction and the recognition and enforcement of judgments in civil and commercial matters (Brussels, 12 December 2012), Recognition and enforcement of foreign judgments, Patents, Third states,

28. New Judicial Review in Old Europe
New Judicial Review in Old Europe / Alyssa S. King In: Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law = ISSN 0046-578X: vol. 44, issue 1, page 1-43. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, European Court of Human Rights, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Accession, Judicial review,

29. Balancing a Right to Be Forgotten with a Right to Freedom of Expression in the Wake of Google Spain v. AEPD
Balancing a Right to Be Forgotten with a Right to Freedom of Expression in the Wake of Google Spain v. AEPD / Shaniqua Singleton In: Georgia Journal of International and Comparative Law = ISSN 0046-578X: vol. 44, issue 1, page 165-193. - 2015
Keywords: Germany, France, Spain, European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Internet providers, Freedom of expression, Privacy, Data protection, Case-law,

30. Competition Litigation in the EU and the UK after the 2014 Antitrust Damages Directive
Competition Litigation in the EU and the UK after the 2014 Antitrust Damages Directive / Arianna Andreangeli In: Civil Justice Quarterly = ISSN 0261-9261: vol. 35, issue 4, page 342-366. - 2016
Keywords: Germany, Great Britain, European Union, Trials, Unfair competition, Private enforcement, Community law,

31. Islamic Headscarves and the Workplace reach the CJEU
Islamic Headscarves and the Workplace reach the CJEU : the Battle for Substantive Equality / Schona Jolly In: European Human Rights Law Review = ISSN 1361-1526: (2016), issue 6, page 622-680. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Muslims, Veil, Working conditions, Discrimination, Equality, Directives, Community law and international law, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950),

32. A Question of Coherence
A Question of Coherence : The Proposals on EU Contract Rules on Digital Content and Online Sales / Matthias Lehmann In: Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law = ISSN 1023-263X: vol. 23, issue 5, page 752-774. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European contract law, Consumers, E-commerce, Digital media, Harmonisation, Community law and national law, European private law,

33. Family Benefits in the EU
Family Benefits in the EU : Is It Still Possible to Coordinate Them? / Grega Strban In: Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law = ISSN 1023-263X: vol. 23, issue 5, page 775-795. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Families, Maintenance obligations, Social security, European private law, Community law and national law,

34. 'Brexit'
'Brexit' : Consequences for Citizenship of the Union and Residence Rights / Guayasén Marrero González In: Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law = ISSN 1023-263X: vol. 23, issue 5, page 796-811. - 2016
Keywords: Great Britain, European Union, Brexit, Citizenship, Family life, Right of residence,

35. The Unstoppable Expansion of the EU Fundamental Right to Data Protection
The Unstoppable Expansion of the EU Fundamental Right to Data Protection : Little Shop of Horrors? / Maja Brkan In: Maastricht Journal of European and Comparative Law = ISSN 1023-263X: vol. 23, issue 5, page 812-841. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Electronic data, Data protection, Extraterritorial jurisdiction, Human rights,

36. A practical approach to rebates
A practical approach to rebates / Bill Batchelor, Fientje Moerman In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 12, page 479-484. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Abuse of a dominant position, Guidelines, Competition, Cases,

37. Fine setting under the Chinese Anti-Monopoly Law
Fine setting under the Chinese Anti-Monopoly Law : back to basics / Yichen Yang In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 12, page 493-505. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, China, Court of Justice of the European Union, Cartels and monopolies, Competition, Fines, Comparative law, Cases,

38. Pay-for-Delay Settlements in the EU
Pay-for-Delay Settlements in the EU : did the Commission Go Too Far / Vilhelm Schröder In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 12, page 506-512. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Commission, Pharmaceuticals, Patents, Competition, Intellectual property,

39. Anti-cartel enforcement mechanism and consequent applicability of leniency programmes
Anti-cartel enforcement mechanism and consequent applicability of leniency programmes : a comparative study of India, the US and EU antitrust regimes / Deepankar Sharma In: European Competition Law Review = ISSN 0144-3054: vol. 37, issue 12, page 513-521. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, United States of America, India, European Commission, Cartels and monopolies, Competition, Enforcement, Comparative law,

40. Le rôle de la Charte dans la jurisprudence de la Cour de Justice de l'Union européenne depuis l'avis 2/13
Le rôle de la Charte dans la jurisprudence de la Cour de Justice de l'Union européenne depuis l'avis 2/13 : vers un "modus vivendi" avec la droit de la Convention? / Romain Tinière In: Revue de l'Union européenne = ISSN 0035-2616: (2016), issue 600 (jul-aug), page 400-405. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Case-law,

41. La protection des données à caractère personel en droit européen
La protection des données à caractère personel en droit européen : de la vie privée à la vie privée numérique / Christophe Maubernard In: Revue de l'Union européenne = ISSN 0035-2616: (2016), issue 600 (jul-aug), page 406-414. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union, European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), Personal data, Privacy, Data protection, Cases,

42. Un destin divergent
Un destin divergent : les relations entre l'Union européenne et la Charte sociale européenne / Carole Nivard In: Revue de l'Union européenne = ISSN 0035-2616: (2016), issue 600 (jul-aug), page 416-425. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, European Social Charter (Turin, 18 October 1961), European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (Rome, 4 November 1950), European Court of Human Rights, Social rights, Conflict of laws, Community law, Cases,

43. Le nouveau règlement général sur la protection des données
Le nouveau règlement général sur la protection des données : quoi de neuf? / Ioana Gheorghe-Badescu In: Revue de l'Union européenne = ISSN 0035-2616: (2016), issue 601 (sep), page 466-477. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Data protection, Personal data, Information and communication technology, Security, Community law,

44. Introduction: the European Union as a Diplomatic Actor
Introduction: the European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 1-10 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 1-10. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy,

45. The EU as a Diplomatic Actor in the Post-Lisbon Era: Robust or Rootless Hybrid?
The EU as a Diplomatic Actor in the Post-Lisbon Era: Robust or Rootless Hybrid? / Michael H. Smith. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 11-30 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 11-30. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy,

46. EU Diplomacy in Global Governance: the Role of the European External Action Service
EU Diplomacy in Global Governance: the Role of the European External Action Service / Knud Erik Jørgensen. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 31-51 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 31-51. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, European External Action Service, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy, Global governance,

47. Evaluating the Impact of EU Diplomacy: Pitfalls and Challenges
Evaluating the Impact of EU Diplomacy: Pitfalls and Challenges / Yvonne Kleistra and Niels van Willigen. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 52-68 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 52-68. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy,

48. Diplomacy at the Individual Level: the Role of EU Special Representatives in European Foreign Policy
Diplomacy at the Individual Level: the Role of EU Special Representatives in European Foreign Policy / Dominik Tolksdorf. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 69-87 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 69-87. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy,

49. Speak up!
Speak up! : Getting the EU a Voice at the UN General Assembly / Fernando Andresen Guimarães. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 88-102 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 88-102. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, United Nations, General Assembly, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy,

50. The EU as a Coercive Diplomatic Actor?
The EU as a Coercive Diplomatic Actor? : the EU-3 Initiative towards Iran / Tom Sauer. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 103-119 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 103-119. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Iran, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy, Nuclear facilities, Nuclear weapons,

51. The EU's Role and Performance witin the G20 in the Area of Finance and Development
The EU's Role and Performance witin the G20 in the Area of Finance and Development / Peter Debaer. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 120-137 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 120-137. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Group of Twenty, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy, Financial relations, Economic development,

52. The European Union as an International Trade Negotiator
The European Union as an International Trade Negotiator / Frank Hoffmeister. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 138-154 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 138-154. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy, International trade,

53. The EU as a Diplomatic Actor in the Field of Human Rights
The EU as a Diplomatic Actor in the Field of Human Rights / Karen E. Smith. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 155-177 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 155-177. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy, Human rights,

54. The European Union's Climate Change Diplomacy
The European Union's Climate Change Diplomacy / Simon Schunz. - Houndmills, Basingstoke, Hampshire : Palgrave Macmillan. - Pages 178-201 In: The European Union as a Diplomatic Actor / edited by Joachim A. Koops and Gjovalin Macaj, ISBN 9781137356840: (2015), Pages 178-201. - 2015
Keywords: European Union, Diplomacy, International relations, Foreign policy, Climate change,

55. Breaking the Isolation? Italian Perspectives on the Dialogue Between the European Court of Justice and Constitutional Courts
Breaking the Isolation? Italian Perspectives on the Dialogue Between the European Court of Justice and Constitutional Courts / Stefano Civitarese Matteucci In: European Public Law = ISSN 1875-8207: vol. 22, issue 4, page 689–715. - 2016
Keywords: Italy, European Union, Court of Justice of the European Union, Constitutional Court, Community law and national law, Preliminary rulings, Judicial dialogue,

56. The Place for Prisoners in European Union Law?
The Place for Prisoners in European Union Law? / Leandro Mancano In: European Public Law = ISSN 1875-8207: vol. 22, issue 4, page 717–747. - 2016
Keywords: European Union, Detention, Detainees, Citizenship, European criminal law, Court of Justice of the European Union, Case-law,

Librarian's choice

  • Guild, E., BREXIT and its Consequences for UK and EU Citizenship or Monstrous Citizenship, Leiden, Brill Nijhoff, 2017.

    4001431

    This book examines the result of the 23 June 2016 UK referendum on leaving the EU where 51.9% of the eligible voters who voted chose to leave. Politicians and media have stressed not only that leave means leave, but also that much of the British voting public was motivated to vote leave by issues of immigration and border control. Guild investigates how the issue of EU citizenship became transformed into a discussion about immigration through four themes: the negotiations between the UK and the EU before the referendum; the nature of and difference between British and EU citizenship; the issue of third country national family members and the fears incited by the referendum in light of the rejection of expertise.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Peers, S., EU Justice and Home Affairs Law, Oxford EU Law Library, Oxford, fourth edition, 2016.

    9780198776833
    • A detailed and thorough overview, analysis, and critique of the immigration and asylum law and practice of the European Union
    • Fully updated to include all relevant EU legislation and case law since the 3rd edition
    • Future developments be discussed and linked to on the EU Law Analysis blog and searchable by chapter
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  • Haratsch, A., C. Koenig, M. Pechstein, T. Fuchsa & P. Kubicki, Europarecht, 10. Auflage, Tübingen, Mohr Siebeck, 2016.

    10353_00_detail

    Das Lehrbuch »Europarecht« wendet sich sowohl an den Studenten mit dem Pflichtfach Europarecht als auch an den Wahlpflichtkandidaten, ist aber auch für den juristischen Praktiker geeignet, da es einen schnellen Zugang zur Materie ermöglicht.

    Aus Rezensionen zu vorherigen Auflagen:
    »Nicht nur die leserfreundliche Darstellung, sondern und gerade die tiefgehende und zugleich klar verständliche Illustration der – bisweilen – komplexen Rechtsmaterie und das Ineinandergreifen mit dem nationalen Recht gelingt den Verfassern auf eine besonders meisterhafte Weise. […] Daher sollte dieses Standardlehrwerk im Bücherregal jedes Juristen zu finden sein und die Lektüre von keinem Juristen vernachlässigt werden.«

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Mitsilegas, V., M. Bergström and T. Konstadinides (eds.), Research Handbook on EU Criminal Law, Cheltenham; Northampton, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016.

    9781783473304_1

    EU criminal law is one of the fastest evolving, but also challenging, policy areas and fields of law. This Handbook provides a comprehensive and advanced analysis of EU criminal law as a structurally and constitutionally unique policy area and field of research. With contributions from leading experts, focusing on their respective fields of research, the book is preoccupied with defining cross-border or ‘Euro-crimes’, while allowing Member States to sanction criminal behaviour through mutual cooperation. It contains a web of institutions, agencies, and external liaisons, which ensure the protection of EU citizens from serious crime, while protecting the fundamental rights of suspects and criminals.

    View this title in our link resolver Plinklet
  • Łazowski, A. & S. Blockmans, Research handbook on EU Institutional Law, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2016.

    9781782544739

    Research Handbook on EU Institutional Law offers a critical look into the European Union: its legal foundations, competences and institutions. It provides an analysis of the EU legal system, its application at the national level and the prevalent role of the Court of Justice. Throughout the course of the Handbook the expert contributors discuss whether the European Union is well equipped for the 21st century and the numerous crises it has to handle. They revisit the call for an EU reform made in the Laeken Conclusions in 2001 to verify if its objectives have been achieved by the Treaty of Lisbon and in daily practice of the EU institutions. The book also delves into the concept of a Europe of different speeds, which - according to some - is inevitable in the EU comprising 28 Member States. Overall, the assessment of the changes introduced by the Lisbon Treaty is positive, even if there are plenty of suggestions for further reforms to re-fit the EU for purpose.

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  • Ferreira, N., T.Kostakopoulou, J.Bradshaw, J. Bradshaw & S. Gola (eds.), The Human Face of the European Union: Are EU law and Policy Humane Enough?, Cambridge, United Kingdom, Cambridge University Press, 2016.

    9781107077225

    This collection asks a direct but complex question: is the EU humane enough? The implementation of EU law and policy and its balance between economic and social values continues to provoke debate. Providing fresh insight, Nuno Ferreira and Dora Kostakopoulou present a novel analytical framework, centred on the notion of humaneness, for assessing EU law and policy. This innovative approach leads to recommendations for policy change towards a more humanistic philosophy for the EU. Broad in its scope, this remarkable volume draws together interdisciplinary perspectives from contributors who examine key EU law and policy fields, including economic integration, asylum and free movement, citizenship and development, and security.

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Database

EUR-Lex provides free access to European Union law and other documents considered to be public. The collection  include  treaties, international agreements, legislation in force, preparatory acts, case-law and parliamentary questions.

The European e-Justice Portal implemented by the Commission in very close cooperation with EU countries, provides a wealth of information and links on laws and practices in all EU countries. The resources range from information on legal aid, judicial training, European small claims and videoconferencing to links to legal databases, online insolvency and land registers. It also includes user-friendly forms for various judicial proceedings, such as the European order for payment. The portal benefits citizens, businesses, lawyers and judges with cross-border legal questions and boosts mutual understanding of different legal systems by contributing to the creation of a single European area of justice.

Blogs

  • European Union in 2017

    2016 has been a turbulent year for the European Union and its member states. Brexit, the armed conflict in Syria and Iraq, the refugee crisis, terrorism and the Italian referendum; all topics covered by the Peace Palace Library in several Library Specials and Library blogs.

    2017 promises to be a defining moment for the continuation of the ever closing Union. This blog touches upon a couple of developments which can lead to discussion within the European Union and its members.

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  • Defending Europe with an Army?

    During the U.S. election campaign Trump threatened to abandon U.S. allies in Europe if they did not spend enough on defense. Apart from undermining the deterrence-effect of NATO, this policy would be disastrous for European security. Fortunately U.S. President Barack Obama has said: “In my conversation with the president-elect he expressed a great interest in maintaining our core strategic relationships and so, one of the messages I will be able to deliver is his commitment to NATO and the transatlantic alliance.” Although president Trump will retain America’s commitment to the NATO alliance, Europe is awake now after dozing in under the U.S. security umbrella.

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  • European Court of Auditors

    A fiercely debated issue regarding the European Union (EU) is its budget and the allocation of funds, e.g. for agricultural subsidies. Every year one of the lesser-known European institutions, the European Court of Auditors (ECA), audits the Union’s revenue and expenditures. Furthermore ECA monitors if the annual facts and figures are reliable and if the transactions comply with the applicable European rules and regulations. This blog analyzes ECA’s legal position, formal tasks and its relationship with national Courts of Auditors.

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  • After Brexit a Citizens' Declaration

    Although EU citizenship has become one of the most distinctive symbols of the European Union since its foundation in 1992, the majority of UK voters have decided to leave the EU and to relinquish their rights as citizens of the Union. As discontent in other member states is growing too, the European Council should shed new light on the relation between the EU and its citizens through the adoption of a Citizens’ Declaration at its earliest opportunity. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, author of the EU-monograph: From Common Market to Common Democracy.

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  • Wake up call for Europe

    Last Thursday, June 23, the British people voted to leave the European Union in an unprecedented referendum about membership of the European Union. According to the official result 51.9% of the registered voters choose to leave against 48.1% who wanted the United Kingdom to remain a member of the European Union. This blog will assess certain aspects of the outcome of the referendum and will try to clarify what the next steps of the so-called Brexit are.

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  • Brexit: Countdown to a Possible Withdrawal Procedure

    On June 23, the United Kingdom will vote “in” or “out” on its membership in the European Union. What is the procedure of withdrawal and the Treaty Article which governs it all if the U.K. does indeed vote for a “Brexit” from the EU? Article 50 of the Treaty on the functioning of the European Union outlines the procedural steps for a Member State wishing to withdraw from the EU. This provision was introduced by the Treaty of Lisbon (in force 1 December 2009). The treaty foresees two options in which withdrawal can occur. The first option is the conclusion of a withdrawal agreement. The second option is that no agreement is reached.

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  • Dutch Referendum on the EU’s Association Agreement with Ukraine

    Today, Wednesday April 6th, citizens in the Netherlands can cast their votes in an unprecedented advisory referendum. The question put to a vote is whether the Dutch government should ratify the European Union’s Association Agreement with Ukraine or not. This blog provides some background of the EU’s Association Agreement with Ukraine and the lead up to today’s referendum.

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  • Launching a New Article 1 Treaty on European Union

    As the late Umberto Eco already suggested, a library is not merely a collection of books, but also forms an intellectual meeting place. In the past scholars used to meet each other at the lender’s desk or in the reading room. Thanks to the digital innovations of the last decades, the Peace Palace Library blogs have become a breeding place for innovative ideas in the field of International and European Law. Thousands of visitors of the PPL-website are using the opportunity to read the weekly blogs and to contribute to development of new approaches and, indeed, of paradigm shifts.

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  • From Common Market to Common Democracy

    Almost twenty five years after its foundation in 1992 the EU has established itself as a new polity in international law with an own and distinct model of governance. Contrary to the expectations of the signatories of the Maastricht Treaty the EU has neither become a state nor a free trade zone. The EU is not a State because sovereignty in the polity remains with the member States. According to the EU Court of Justice the EU is even ‘by its very nature precluded from being regarded as a State’.

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  • Enforcing the Rule of Law: The Case of Poland

    After the Law and Justice Party (PiS) took control over the presidency in May 2015 and won a clear majority in Poland’s last parliamentary elections in October 2015, the new conservative PiS government quickly expanded its control over the media and judiciary. They did so by introducing controversial amendments to laws, which were first passed through the Sejm: the Polish Parliament and then approved by the Senate and Poland’s new President Duda.

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  • ‘Trade Talks’

    On Thursday November 5th the Peace Palace Library, in cooperation with the Netherlands Society of International Affairs / Club Clingendael, organized ‘Trade Talks’. About 120 people attended the evening, hearing lectures and participating in discussions on international trade and the present negotiations of the Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership (TTIP) agreement between the European Union (EU) and the United States of America (USA).

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  • Victory for Privacy in Europe again? ECJ 'torpedoes' Safe Harbor

    Last Tuesday, October 6, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Safe Harbour Decision invalid. Mr Schrems, a frequent Facebook-user, lodged a complaint with the Irish supervisory authority because in his view leaks from Edward J. Snowden, the former contractor for the National Security Agency, made it clear that American intelligence agencies had almost unfettered access to the data, infringing on Europeans’ rights to privacy.

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  • Welcoming a New Model of Democracy

    Celebrating International Democracy Day on the 15th of September, the Peace Palace Library takes pleasure in announcing the emergence of a new model of democracy. Guest blogger Jaap Hoeksma continues his series of blogs about the European Union by submitting that the EU has overcome the deadlock in the debate about its future. He argues that, from a citizens’ point of view, the aim of the EU is neither to become a sovereign State of Europe nor to form a Europe of sovereign States, but rather to function as a European democracy.

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  • The EU Migration Crisis and Moral Obligations

    The European Union is currently coping with the world’s biggest migrant crisis since World War II. A record number of 107,500 migrants reached the EU’s borders last month.Large numbers of desparate migrants and refugees from the Middle East and Africa are trying to enter the European Union every day. Apart from this there are also many illegal immigrants who have entered the EU undetected. A conserable number of them have died during their attempt. According to a report of the UNHCR, around 2500 migrants who were trying to reach and enter the European Union have died or gone missing in the past year.

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  • Concretizing Transnational Democracy

    In his Models of Democracy, initially published in 2006, David Held submitted that in the 21st century democratic institutions must be developed at regional and global levels as a necessary complement to those at the level of the nation-state. A few years earlier Tony McGrew distinguished in his seminal essay on Transnational Democracy between four different accounts of transnational democracy rooted in the distinctive traditions of democratic thought, namely liberal-internationalism, radical democratic pluralism, cosmopolitanism and deliberative democracy. Whereas Held and McGrew discussed transnational democracy primarily as abstract concepts, Habermas suggested in 2014 that the European Union has to become a transnational democracy.

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  • Wine and... European Law?!

    At first glance wine and European Law don’t have to do much with each other. However, when one analyzes the relationship in depth, the legal aspects of wine have been (and still are) significantly important for the legal integration of the European Union and the creation of the common market. This blog focuses on these legal aspects in four judgments of the European Court of Justice and its predecessors.

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  • In Want of Democratic Legitimacy: Four Presidents searching for the Soul of Europe

    In the midst of the crisis concerning the place of Greece in the Economic and Monetary Union (EMU) and the European Union (EU), the European Council will discuss a report on better economic governance in the Euro Area. As the ‘analytical note’ has been drafted by the Presidents of the European Commission, the Council, the Euro Group and the ECB, the report is referred to in inner circles as the Four Presidents’ Report.

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  • The Data Retention Saga: Dutch Court Declared National Data Retention Law Invalid!

    On March 11, 2015, the district court of The Hague in the Netherlands declared the country’s 2009 Telecommunications Data Retention Act invalid. This decision was a foreseeable effect because of a previous judgement of the Court of Justice of the European Union concerning the annulment of the European Directive on data retention on April 8, 2014. It seems now that European Member States are starting to face the consequences of that annulment. The cause of this is the fact that the European judgement did not automatically make national data retention legislation invalid. I will briefly discuss the case of the Dutch national data retention law.

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  • A Soul for Europe

    There is sincere doubt as to whether it will ever be possible to define the European Union. It depends on the perspective of the beholder, which she or he is likely to conclude about the nature of the Union. The present blogger tends to simultaneously agree and disagree with the authors. He concedes that the perspective from which one investigates the European Union, may determine to a large extent the conclusions which that person is likely to draw. The purpose of this blog is to describe the Union from various perspectives in a number of different ways.

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  • The Eurasian Economic Union as a Geopolitical and Economic Counterweight to the European Union: the Case of Armenia

    The Eurasian Economic Union is the next step in Eurasian economic integration. It will function as a common market with a customs union and has the aim of providing the free movement of goods, services, capital and workforce and conducting common policies in key economic sectors, such as energy and agriculture. The EEU was established in 2014 between Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia. A the treaty to enlarge the EEU by including Armenia was signed in October. In this blog we’ll discuss the main reasons for Armenia to join the EEU instead of choosing the path of closer cooperation with the European Union.

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  • The Identity of the European Union

    The question concerning the nature of the EU has been one of the most contested political and academic issues of the last fifty years. From the outset, the debate about European integration has been dominated by the dilemma as to whether the project should result in the emergence of a sovereign state of Europe or in the formation of a Europe of sovereign states. This line of thought leads to the suggestion that, anno 2014, the identity of the EU may be described with the following words: the EU is a Union of citizens and member states which functions as a common democracy.

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  • European Court of Justice Clarification of the Research and Private Study Exception to Copyright Infringement for Libraries

    On Thursday 11 September 2014, the European Court of Justice ruled on the meaning of the research and private study exception to copyright infringement for libraries, educational establishments, museums and archives. The Court decided that libraries are allowed to digitise books and make them available to the public at e-reading points within its vicinity, without the author’s permission. The judgment was issued in Case C-117/13, Technische Universität Darmstadt v Eugen Ulmer KG.

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  • Connecting Habermas with International Law

    The financial crisis has intensified the debate about the feasibility of the European Union as a new phenomenon in international law. In his essay ‘On Europe’s Constitution’, philosopher Jürgen Habermas underlines that he regards the EU as a step in the direction of a politically constituted world order. In an 2012 interview Habermas focuses on the conceptual challenges of the EU by asking the quintessential question: How should we imagine a for closer co-operation necessary, supranational association which complies with stringent demands of democratic legitimacy without assuming the shape of a state?

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  • ECJ Judgment: Private Copying Levy Cannot Include Copies Made from Unlawful Sources!

    The European Court of Justice has been pretty busy the past weeks. On Tuesday, April 8th 2014, the Court has declared the Data Retention Directive invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. On Thursday, April 10th 2014, the Court has given its verdict on a complicated Dutch case involving the home-copying exception of European copyright legislation, and the associated use of copyright levies on blank media.

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  • The Origins of EU and EMU: Towards a Post-Westphalian Paradigm

    The theoretical hallmark of the European Union is its flexible approach to sovereignty. According to the Westphalian system of international relations which forms the prevailing paradigm in international law and lies at the heart of the organisation of the United Nations, sovereignty is one and indivisible. States are sovereign and without sovereignty there is no State. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, Philosopher of Law, Director of Euroknow and Creator of the Boardgame Eurocracy.

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  • Exit Data Retention Directive: a Victory for Privacy in Europe!

    Last Tuesday, April 8, the European Court of Justice in Luxembourg has declared the Data Retention Directive (Directive 2006/24/EC, 15 March 2006) invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. In the view of the Court, the requirement in the Data Retention Directive for mobile operators and internet service providers to retain data interfered in a “particularly serious manner with the fundamental rights to respect for private life and to the protection of personal data”.

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  • Europe: Backwards or Forwards?

    In an apocalyptic essay, written at the height of the euro-crisis in 2012, Joseph Weiler predicted that the European Union will turn on its member-states in a similar way as the Golem of Prague persecuted its creators in the 16th century. The author paves the way for this conclusion by attributing a dimension of ‘political messianism’ to the statements of the founding fathers, which turns the Schuman-declaration into a roadmap to ‘the Promised Land’. As messianic narratives are doomed to collapse, the European project is set to disappoint and alienate the populace as well. Consequently, the EU creates the conditions for its own destruction.

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  • Beyond the Westphalian Paradigm

    For decades, the process of European integration has been hampered by the predominance of the Westphalian system of international relations. According to this system, which owes its name to the 1648 Peace of Westphalia, the process of European integration had to result either in the creation of a federal European state or in the establishment of a confederal union of states. Founded in 1992, the EU defied the Westphalian paradigm from the outset.

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  • Ukraine, Moving East or West?

    Although Yanukovych has claimed many times to seek good ties with Russia and the EU simultaneously, it seems that by refusing to sign the Association Agreement (AA) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU last November, the power balance is tipping towards Russia. As an alternative to further EU integration, Russia has been actively promoting Ukraine to join the Russian-led Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, which in the future could progress towards a further integrated Eurasian Union.

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  • Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    The Italian banker and politician Padoa-Schioppa used to describe Great-Britain as the Venice of Europe. Drawing a comparison between the Italian unification in the 19th century and the present process of European integration, Padoa-Schioppa suggested that the UK is and will remain as reluctant to give up the pound in favour of euro as Venice has been to join the Italian lira. The implication of the comparison is, of course, that, however grudgingly, in the end the UK will accept the common European currency as well.

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  • The European Union as a Common Democracy

    As a young democracy the EU urgently needs to strengthen its legitimacy and accountability. The transition from a traditional union of nation states to a polity of citizens and member states requires a fundamental adjustment of governance structures. The primordial challenge for the coming decades is therefore to address the democratic deficit and to turn the EU into a living democracy.

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  • A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    On June 28th 2011 Peter Kooijmans participated in a conference about the place of the EU in international law, which was held in the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace under the auspices of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and the Carnegie Foundation. According to a blog on this website, one of the participants started the debate on the presumption that ‘the EU is a thing for which lawyers have no name’.

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  • Cameron and the Intricacies of the Westphalian System of International Relations

    In his long-awaited speech on Europe British Prime Minister David Cameron criticised the EU for its lack of democracy. PM Cameron is right insofar as the citizens of the EU can’t elect their own European government and miss the power to vote their leaders out of office. However, Cameron’s criticism would only be justified if the EU were to be considered as a sovereign state like the UK, France or Germany.

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  • The EU and the Nobel Peace Prize: Who will say thank you?

    European Council President Herman Van Rompuy or Jose-Manuel Barroso, President of the European Commission or Martin Schulz, President of the European Parliament? Together they will fly to Oslo on December 10 to represent the main institutions of the EU at the acceptance ceremony for the Nobel Peace Prize 2012.

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  • The Novelty of the EU

    For decades, the debate about the future of the European Union has been dominated by the dilemma whether the EU was to become a federal state or should establish itself as a union of states. After the entry into force of the Lisbon Treaty, however, it may be suggested that the deadlock in the debate about the finalité politique has been broken. The gist of this blog is to argue that the Lisbon Treaty construes the EU as a democracy without turning the Union into a state. This conclusion can be underpinned as follows.

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  • Internet governance 2012: Who should control the Internet?

    In the last twenty years, the Internet has had a tremendous impact on society and the term “Internet governance” was introduced. At first it was mainly used to describe the technical management of the Internet such as domain names and internet protocols. Nowadays governance refers to questions like “Do we all accept our responsibilities to safeguard the continued development of the Internet as a global, open and safe virtual environment? and Who sets the rules? In this blog I will give a few highlights of the current developments of internet governance on an International and (as well as on) an European level.

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  • The EU as a democratic polity in international law

    On June 28, 2011 a conference was held about The European Union (hereafter EU) as a Polity in International Law at the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference was held at the initiative of Mr. Jaap Hoeksma, Director of Euroknow. This initiative was supported by Dr P. H. Kooijmans, Prof Dr L-J Brinkhorst, Dr W.F. van Eekelen, Dr W.van Gerven and Dr Th. van Boven.

    The theme of the conference was the legal status of the European Union and its relationship with international law.From its inception, the main goal of the European Union and its integration in the legal as well as political systems of the Member states has been faced with conceptual problems regarding the final goal of the establishment of the European Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss whether the Lisbon Treaty has overcome the problems by constructing the EU as a democratic polity without turning the Union into a state. If so, what are the consequences for the place of the EU as a polity in international law and for its role in international relations?

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  • European nuclear safety after the Japanese Fukushima disaster

    On Friday 11 March 2011, Japan was struck by a devastating earthquake and tsunami, also known as the Tōhoku earthquake. Japan’s nuclear crisis that was caused by the earthquake and tsunami has so far evoked many questions and worries about the safety of nuclear energy just like the Chernobyl disaster evoked responses in the 1980s. It raises questions about the possible impact of nuclear energy industry on safety and health. Several European countries have discussed the use of nuclear energy and safety measures or have temporarily shut down nuclear reactors since the Japanese earthquake of 11 March 2011.

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  • International and European criminal measures on intellectual property rights

    On October 2, 2010, the 11th and final round of the negotiations for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was concluded successfully in Tokyo, Japan. The Government of Japan hosted the negotiations. Participants in the negotiations included Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) – represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the […]

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  • Roma Rights in the European Union.

    In July 2010, The French government decided to begin to expel Roma’s, mainly from Romania and Bulgaria, as many of them were living in France illegally. This decision caused much controversy within the Institutions of the EU. This blog will briefly discuss in what way EU institutions have responded to recent Roma issues and what can be done to improve the position of this marginalized community in Europe.

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  • EU Enlargement Strategy and Progress Reports 2009

    On 14 October 2009 the European Commission adopted its annual strategy document explaining its policy on EU enlargement. The document includes also a summary of the progress made over the last twelve months by each candidate and potential candidate: Croatia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia, Turkey, as well as Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, […]

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  • The European Union’s ‘ContraFake’ policy

    Counterfeiting, which represents 5 to 7% of world trade, has implications on the competitiveness of EU companies, on jobs and on the health and security of EU citizens. László Kovác, European Commissioner in charge of Taxation and Customs Union, states his vision on the fight against counterfeiting as follows. ‘Customs have a vital role to […]

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See also

More Research guides on International Organizations and Relations