International relations can be defined as political activities and other kinds and aspects of interactions among two or more states. The academic field of international relations is a branch of political science that is concerned with the study of relations between states, the foreign policy of nation-states, and the mechanisms and institutions (such as international organisations, inter-governemental organisations, international and national non-governmental organisations and multinational corporations) through which states interact. The study of international relations involves many subjects such as international and regional peace and security, international organizations, nuclear proliferation, globalization, human rights, economic development, intervention, international financial relations, and international trade relations.
This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on International Relations. It provides the basic materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.
New titlesAs we are right in the middle of moving to a new library system, it is not yet possible to automatically collect new titles for this Research Guide.
- Alden, C. and A. Amnon, Foreign Policy Analysis: New Approaches, London, Routledge, 2012.
- Armstrong, A., T. Farrell and H. Lambert, International Law and International Relations, 2012.
- Blachèr, P., Droit Des Relations Internationales, Paris, LexisNexis, 2011.
- Boniface, P. et H. Védrine, Atlas des Crises et des Conflits, 2009.
- Carlsnaes, W., Handbook of International Relations, London, SAGE, 2013.
- Deitelhoff, N., Lehrbuch der Internationalen Beziehungen: Per Anhalter Durch die IB-Galaxis, München, C.H. Beck, 2016.
- Drain, M., Relations Internationales, Bruxelles, Larcier, 2016.
- Evans, G., The Dictionary of World Politics: A Reference Guide to Concepts, Ideas and Institutions, New York, Harvester Wheatsheaf, 1990.
- Frangi, M., Droit des Relations Internationales: Lexique, Paris, Dalloz, 1995.
- Grieco, J. (et al.), Introduction to International Relations : Enduring Questions and Contemporary Perspectives, London, Palgrave, 2015.
- Jackson, R. H., Introduction to International Relations : Theories and Approaches, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016.
- Haynes, J. (et al.) (eds.), World Politics. International Relations and Globalization in the 21st Century, London, Sage, 2017.
- Kaufman, J.P., Introduction to International Relations : Theory and Practice, Lanham, Rowman & Littlefield, 2018.
- Ku, C., International Law, International Relations, and Global Governance, London, Routledge, 2012.
- Lundestad, G., International Relations Since 1945 : East, West, North, South, London, SAGE, 2018.
- Malchow, H. L., History and International Relations: From the Ancient World to the 21fst Century, 2016.
- Reus-Smit, C. and D. Snidal (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of International Relations, 2008.
- Roche, J.J., Théories des Relations Internationales, Issy-les-Moulineaux, LGDJ, 2016.
- Sharp, P., Introducing International Relations, London, Routledge, 2018.
- Trouillon, J.-L., Dictionnaire de Géopolitique et Relations Internationales: Français-Anglais, Anglais-Français, 2006.
- Vaisse, M., Dictionnaire des Relations Internationales de 1900 à Nos Jours, Paris, Armand Colin, 2009.
- Viotti, P.R, and M.V. Kauppi, International Relations and World Politics, Boston, MA, 2013.
- Arenal, C. del (et al.), Teorías de las Relaciones Internacionales, Madrid, Tecnos, 2015.
- Baldwin, D.A., Power and International Relations : A Conceptual Approach, Princeton, Princeton University Press, 2016.
- Booth, T. and T. Erskine (eds.), International Relations Theory Today, Cambridge, Polity Press, 2016.
- Chan, S., Plural International Relations in a Divided World, Cambridge, Polity Press, 2017.
- Chandra, M., International Relations and Foreign Policy, Delhi, Kumud Publications, 2018.
- Daddow, O., International Relations Theory, Los Angeles, SAGE, 2017.
- Di Nolfo, E., Storia Delle Relazioni Internazionali, Roma, GLF Editori Laterza, 2015.
- Di Nolfo, E., Storia Delle Relazioni Internazionali ; II: Gli Anni Sella Guerra Fredda, 1946-1990, Roma, GLF Editori Laterza, 2015.
- Di Nolfo, E., Storia delle relazioni internazionali ; I: Dalla pace di Versailles alla conferenza di Potsdam, 1919-1945, Roma, GLF Editori Laterza, 2015.
- Dunne, T. (et. al.) (eds), International Relations Theories: Discipline and Diversity, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016.
- Goertz, G., The Puzzle of Peace : the Evolution of Peace in the International System, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016.
- Hellmann, G., Theorizing Foreign Policy in a Globalized World, Houndmills, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
- Jonas, M., Stabilität durch Gleichgewicht? : Balance of Power im Internationalen Sytem der Neuzeit,
Paderborn, Ferdinand Schöningh, 2015.
- Karlsrud, J., Norm change in International Relations : Linked Ecologies in UN Peacekeeping Operations, London, Routledge, 2016.
- Kavalski, E. (ed.), Encounters With World Affairs: An Introduction to International Relations, Farnham, Ashgate, 2015.
- Kolb, R., Réflexions sur les Politiques Juridiques Extérieures, Pedone, 2015.
- Lawson, S., Theories of International Relations : Contending Approaches to World Politics, Cambridge, Polity, 2015.
- Lipscy, P.Y., Renegotiating the World Order : Institutional Change in International Relations, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2017.
- McGlinchey, S. (eds.) (et al.), International Relations Theory, Bristol, E-International Relations Publishing, 2017.
- Molloy, S., Kant's International Relations : The Political Theology of Perpetual Peace, Michigan, University of Michigan Press, 2017.
- Ní Mhurchú, A., Critical Imaginations in International Relations, London, Routledge, 2016.
- Paech, N., Völkerrecht und Machtpolitik in den Internationalen Beziehungen : Ein Studienbuch, Hamburg, VSA-Verlag, 2013.
- Raimbaud, M., Les Relations Internationales en 80 Fiches, Paris, Ellipses, 2015.
- Vaisse, M., Les Relations Internationales Depuis 1945, Paris, Armand Colin, 2015.
- White, N.D, The Law of International Organisations, Manchester, Manchester University Press. 2017.
- Dos Reis, F. and O. Kessler, "Constructivism and the Politics of International Law", In: Orford, A. and F. Hoffmann, The Oxford Handbook of the Theory of International Law, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2016.
- Hasenclever, A. and A. Schramm, "Do We Need a World State? : the Prospects of Multilevel Global Governance for the Organization of Peace in the 21st Century", In: Justenhoven, H.-G, and M. E. O'Connell (eds.), Peace Through Law, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2016.
- Hobson, J.M. and G. Lawson, "What is History in International Relations?", Millennium, 37 (2008), No. 2, pp. 415-435.
- Kavalski, E., "What Next for the Study and Practice of World Affairs?", in: Kavalski, E. (ed.), Encounters With World Affairs: An Introduction to International Relations, Farnham, Ashgate, 2015.
- Keukeleire, S., and S. Schunz, “Analysing Foreign Policy in a Context of Global Governance”, In: Hellmann G., and E.K. Jørgensen (eds.), Theorizing Foreign Policy in a Globalized World, Houndmills, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
- Larkin, S. P., "The Age of Transparency: International Relations Without Secrets", In: Foreign Affairs, vol. 95, No. 3 (may-jun), pag. 136-146, 2016.
- Lutz-Bachmann, M., "Does "Ius Cogens" Exist in International Relations? : Philosophical Remarks to the Encyclical "Pacem in Terris"", In: Justenhoven, H.-G, and M. E. O'Connell (eds.), Peace Through Law, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2016.
- Mathias A. and S. Stetter “Actorhood in World Politics : The Dialectics of Agency/Structure within the World Polity”, In: Hellmann G., and E. Knud Jørgensen (eds.), Theorizing Foreign Policy in a Globalized World, Houndmills, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
- Neumann, I.B. ,“Foreign Policy in an Age of Globalization”, In: Hellmann G., and E. Knud Jørgensen (eds.), Theorizing Foreign Policy in a Globalized World, Houndmills, Palgrave Macmillan, 2015.
- Pazartzis, P. ,"La succession d'États Comme Moyen de Régulation des Relations Internationales", In: Cassella, S. et L. Delabie (eds.), Faut-il Prendre le Droit International au Sérieux? : Journée d'Étude en l'Honneur de Pierre Michel Eisemann, Paris, Pedone, 2016, pp. 33-39.
- Reder, M., "Global Governance vs. Global Government : Political Philosophy in Times of Globalisation", In: Justenhoven, H.-G, and M. E. O'Connell (eds.), Peace Through Law, Baden-Baden, Nomos, 2016.
- Slaughter Burley, A.M.,"International Law and International Relations Theory: a Dual Agenda", In: Bianchi, A., Theory and Philosophy of International Law, Vol. 2, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar, 2017, pp. 509-543.
- British and Foreign State Papers
- Papers relating to the Foreign Relations of the United States with the Annual Message of the President
Periodicals, serial publications
- Aktuelle Analysen
- Annuaire Français de Relations Internationales
- Caucasian Review of International Affairs
- Cooperation and Conflict: Nordic Studies in International Politics
- The Cyprus Yearbook of International Relations
- Defensor Pacis
- Düsseldorfer Schriften zu Internationaler Politik und Völkerrecht
- The Emirates Occasional Papers
- Ethics and Foreign Policy Series
- Ethics and International Affairs
- European Foreign Affairs Review
- Foreign Affairs
- Foreign Affairs Malaysia
- Georgetown Journal of International Affairs
- Harvard Studies in International Affairs
- History of International Relations, Diplomacy, and Intelligence
- International Affairs
- International Affairs Review Supplement
- International Conciliation
- International Journal
- International Politics
- International Relations of the Asia-Pacific
- International Studies
- Internationale Politik
- Internationale Spectator
- IP Global Edition
- Palgrave Studies in International Relations http://www.ppl.nl/link.php?num=32495221X
- Politique Étrangère
- Relations Internationales
- Revista Electrónica de Estudios Internacionales
- The Round Table
- Studies in International Affairs
- The Yearbook of the Swedish Institute of International Affairs
Randjbar-Daemi, S., The Quest for Authority in Iran: A History of The Presidency from Revolution to Rouhani, London, I.B. Tauris, 2018.View this title in our discovery service
Iran's presidents have defined the Islamic Republic's attitudes toward the rest of the world. Never has this been more true than now.
In The Quest for Authority in Iran, Siavush Randjbar-Daemi presents an in-depth analysis of the evolution of the Iranian presidency from its inception in the aftermath of the Islamic Revolution to the present day. He offers detailed narratives of each the presidents' ascent to the post and their struggles to acquire authority and maintain relevance within the political process.
The figures under consideration include the widely-admired Mohamad Khatami, the internationally-criticized Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, and the incumbent president Hassan Rouhani, who steered the decade-long nuclear confrontation between Iran and the West towards a diplomatic conclusion.
This book sheds light on the extraordinarily complex workings of the Iranian state, taking into account both the opportunities and challenges that each president has faced whilst in power.
Essential reading for scholars of Iranian history, political science, and international diplomacy.
Lundestad, G., International Relations Since 1945 : East, West, North, South, London, SAGE, 2018.View this title in our discovery service
Introducing the key events and developments in international relations, this authoritative and engaging book provides students with a clear understanding of the contemporary issues in international politics. Putting the foundations and contexts of international relations at your fingertips, the new Eighth Edition: Provides an account of the world as it has evolved up to 1945 Extended coverage of topics including population, gender, and the environment Includes expanded material on the theory of international relations Includes new learning resources, including an "alternative perspectives" box in each chapter Supports research with fully updated and annotated further reading lists Praised for its detail and tone, International Relations since 1945 is ideal for providing readers with a historical background as they approach international relations.
Hill, C.J. (et al.)(eds.) , International Relations and the European Union, Oxford, Oxford University Press, 2017.View this title in our discovery service
[International Relations and the European Union] takes a unique approach by incorporating the study of the EU's world role into the wider field of international relations. As the most comprehensive introduction to the EU's international relations written by leading experts in the field, it is the key text for anyone wishing to understand the EU's role in the contemporary world.
Beginning with an examination of theoretical frameworks and approaches, the book goes on to address the institutions and processes that surround the EU's international relations. Key policy areas, such as security and trade, are outlined in detail, alongside the EU's relations with specific countries, including the United States, China, India, and Russia.
Updates for the third edition include expanded discussions of three key perspectives to provide a rounded picture of the EU's place in the international system: as a sub-system of international relations, as part of the process of international relations, and as a power in its own right.
Michałowska, G., and H. Schreiber (eds.), Culture(s) in International Relations, Frankfurt am Main, Peter Lang Edition, 2017.View this title in our discovery service
This book presents a critical reflection on how the presence of «culture» in theory and practice of international relations is reflected in International Relations as a research field. The authors analyze culture in International Relations scholarship and evaluate culture in the practice of International Relations, as well as in International Law. The contemporary social sciences have put culture on a pedestal. The proliferation of the meanings associated with the notion of what culture is, has gone very far. The results of analyses presented in this book are meant to contribute to solving the existing confusion, to identify the research fields in IR where culture appears.
Haynes, J. (et al.) (eds.), World Politics. International Relations and Globalization in the 21st Century, London, Sage, 2017.View this title in our discovery service
A crucial companion for your International Relations course. Helping you to successfully navigate the exciting and complex field of global politics, this book gives you a clear overview of the field and will make sure you get the most out of your course.
Treaty of Versailles Centennial
Today, 28 june 2019, is the Centennial of the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. Signed on 28 June 1919 in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles Palace, the Treaty was the most important of the peace treaties that brought an end to World War I. To mark this anniversary, the Peace Palace Library has put together a collection of books exploring the background and aftermath of the Versailles Treaty. This collection will be published on the website and social media.Read more
Treaty of Versailles Centennial: Mandates
The mandate system was created in the aftermath of World War I to resolve the question of jurisdiction over the colonial territories detached from Germany and the Ottoman Empire. Article 119 of the Versailles required Germany to renounce sovereignty over former colonies and Article 22 converted the territories into League of Nations mandates under the control of Allied states. Togoland and German Kamerun (Cameroon) were transferred to France. Ruanda and Urundi were allocated to Belgium, whereas German South-West Africa went to South Africa and the United Kingdom obtained German East Africa.Read more
Treaty of Versailles Centennial: Territorial Changes
The Versailles Treaty stripped Germany of 65,000 km2 of territory and circa 7 million people. It also required Germany to give up the gains made in the East. In Western Europe Germany was required to recognize Belgian sovereignty over Moresnet and cede control of the Eupen-Malmedy area. To compensate for the destruction of French coal mines, Germany was to cede the output of the Saar coalmines to France and control of the Saar to the League of Nations for 15 years; a plebiscite would then be held to decide sovereignty. The treaty “restored” the provinces of Alsace-Lorraine to France. The sovereignty of Schleswig-Holstein was to be resolved by a plebiscite to be held at a future time.Read more
Treaty of Versailles Centennial: Wilson's Fourteen Points
Wilson’s Fourteen Points had helped win the hearts and minds of many as the war ended; these included Americans and Europeans generally, as well as Germany, its allies and the former subjects of the Ottoman Empire specifically. Wilson felt it was his duty and obligation to the people of the world to be a prominent figure at the peace negotiations. High hopes and expectations were placed on him to deliver what he had promised for the post-war era. In doing so, Wilson ultimately began to lead the foreign policy of the United States toward interventionism, a move strongly resisted in some domestic circles.Read more
Treaty of Versailles Centennial: British Aims in Paris
During the Paris Peace Conference and for the most of the period after 1919, the aims, interests, and policies of Britain differed fundamentally from those of France. Neither of the two countries was able to pursue unhampered the course it laid out for itself. Great Britain had suffered huge casualties but little land devastation during the war. However, the British wartime coalition was re-elected at the end of 1918, with a policy of squeezing the German “’til the pips squeak”. Public opinion favoured a “just peace”, which would force Germany to pay reparations and be unable to repeat the aggression of 1914, although those of a “liberal and advanced opinion” shared Wilson’s ideal of a peace of reconciliation.Read more
Treaty of Versailles Centennial: French Aims in Paris
What war aims did the French have during World War I and how did they negotiate the treaties that ended this war? In 1917 the Comité d’études was created by Aristide Briand to assist the French Government in formulating these aims. The work of this Comité resulted in an impressive report of around 1500 pages: maps, statistics, tracing the borders of the Alsace, the Saar Region, Lorraine, Luxembourg, Central and Eastern Europe, the Balkans, etc. At the Paris Peace Conference, the French Prime Minister, Georges Clemenceau, controlled his delegation and his chief goal was to weaken Germany militarily, strategically and economically.Read more
Aleppo, Ankara and Berlin: Atrocities, Violence and Terror
Humanitarian Crisis in Syria. In the eastern part of Aleppo, a Syrian city held by rebels, thousands of civilians were trapped. People were being executed in those parts of Aleppo that had been retaken by Assad forces. Recently the trapped residents that were stuck in a small area with no safe zones posted final “goodbye” messages, pictures and tweets on social media. They have thanked supporters, and questioned how the world allowed the situation in Aleppo to happen. The situation in Syria has been described as a “stain on the world’s collective conscience”.Read more
Wake up call for Europe
Last Thursday, June 23, the British people voted to leave the European Union in an unprecedented referendum about membership of the European Union. According to the official result 51.9% of the registered voters choose to leave against 48.1% who wanted the United Kingdom to remain a member of the European Union. This blog will assess certain aspects of the outcome of the referendum and will try to clarify what the next steps of the so-called Brexit are.Read more
Dutch Referendum on the EU’s Association Agreement with Ukraine
Today, Wednesday April 6th, citizens in the Netherlands can cast their votes in an unprecedented advisory referendum. The question put to a vote is whether the Dutch government should ratify the European Union’s Association Agreement with Ukraine or not. This blog provides some background of the EU’s Association Agreement with Ukraine and the lead up to today’s referendum.Read more
Concretizing Transnational Democracy
In his Models of Democracy, initially published in 2006, David Held submitted that in the 21st century democratic institutions must be developed at regional and global levels as a necessary complement to those at the level of the nation-state. A few years earlier Tony McGrew distinguished in his seminal essay on Transnational Democracy between four different accounts of transnational democracy rooted in the distinctive traditions of democratic thought, namely liberal-internationalism, radical democratic pluralism, cosmopolitanism and deliberative democracy. Whereas Held and McGrew discussed transnational democracy primarily as abstract concepts, Habermas suggested in 2014 that the European Union has to become a transnational democracy.Read more
The Eurasian Economic Union as a Geopolitical and Economic Counterweight to the European Union: the Case of Armenia
The Eurasian Economic Union is the next step in Eurasian economic integration. It will function as a common market with a customs union and has the aim of providing the free movement of goods, services, capital and workforce and conducting common policies in key economic sectors, such as energy and agriculture. The EEU was established in 2014 between Belarus, Kazakhstan, and Russia. A the treaty to enlarge the EEU by including Armenia was signed in October. In this blog we’ll discuss the main reasons for Armenia to join the EEU instead of choosing the path of closer cooperation with the European Union.Read more
The Youth Peace Initiative 2014 and the Roadmap to Israeli-Palestinian Permanent Peace!
Between 11 and 18 October the Youth Peace Initiative 2014 took place in The Hague, international City of Peace and Justice. The Youth Peace Initiative 2014 (YPI 2014) has been set up to get Israeli and Palestinian youth involved with the current peace negotiations between their nations. The YPI 2014 participants discussed and deliberated a whole week to achieve consensus on ideas and solutions for the peace process.Read more
Interview: Dr. Christian Noack
This month, our first time guest editor and colleague, Ms. Anna Duszczyk, invited Dr. Christian Noack from the University of Amsterdam, for an in-depth interview on the current crisis in Ukraine. Dr. Noack is an expert on Eastern European History, Media Studies and Slavonic Studies. In this interview, he will discuss his views on the current political situation in Ukraine and the role of Russia and the European Union in the crisis.Read more
Nuclear security: Dangers and Achievements
Nuclear security is generally accepted to mean “the prevention of, detection of, and response to, criminal or intentional unauthorized acts involving or directed at nuclear material, other radioactive material, associated facilities, or associated activities”. In short it is about preventing terrorists from acquiring radioactive material or attacking nuclear facilities. Since the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, nuclear security concerns have been heightened, but how real is the danger and what are the legal instruments to combat nuclear terrorism?Read more
A Justification for Russia’s Intervention?
In the last week Russian military forces have occupied Crimea, the Ukrainian Black Sea peninsula where the majority of the population is ethnic Russian and the Russian Black Sea Fleet is deployed in the city of Sevastopol. In the Russian constitution a few articles describe circumstances where a primacy of Russian constitutional law above international law may occur. How does Russia legally justify its intervention? Guest Blog by Anna K. Duszczyk.Read more
Ukraine, Moving East or West?
Although Yanukovych has claimed many times to seek good ties with Russia and the EU simultaneously, it seems that by refusing to sign the Association Agreement (AA) and Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement (DCFTA) with the EU last November, the power balance is tipping towards Russia. As an alternative to further EU integration, Russia has been actively promoting Ukraine to join the Russian-led Customs Union with Belarus and Kazakhstan, which in the future could progress towards a further integrated Eurasian Union.Read more
Unresolved Territorial Disputes: The Tunbs and Abu Musa in the Gulf
Last week, the Foreign Minister of the United Arab Emirates (UAE), Sheikh Abdullah bin Zayed, renewed his country’s demand for the restoration of sovereignty over three islands in the Persian Gulf region. Responding to the statement by the UAE, Iran’s representative reiterated his country’s full sovereignty over the islands and categorically rejected any claims to the contrary. The legal dispute about ownership and sovereignty of the three islands is based on rival historical claims by both sides.Read more
ARGO and the Follow-Up: Iran and the United States
33 Years after the event, Hollywood has turned its attention to an episode that traumatized the United States for months: the seizure of the American Embassy in Tehran. As the US Embassy falls to a group of Islamist students and militants in support of the Iranian revolution and in retaliation for the USA’s sheltering of the recently deposed Shah, six diplomats slip out and seek sanctuary in the Canadian’s ambassador’s residence. It is up to the CIA’s Tony Mendez (Ben Affleck) to extract them from the country before they are discovered by the Revolutionary Guards. The plan? Create a fake movie, called Argo, and pretend they’re the crew.Read more
South Sudan: Birth Of A Nation
On 9th July 2011, South-Sudan finally gained independence from Sudan after 50 years of conflicts in Northeasteren Africa. This blog will briefly discuss the most important obstacles that will lie ahead for the people of South-Sudan.Read more
North Korea Confirms Nuclear Test
North Korea has conducted its second nuclear test, the country’s state news agency KCNA announced today. The nuclear test was expected. Earlier this year North Korea conducted a failed intercontinental missile test.Read more
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