Intellectual Property

Introduction

Intellectual Property

Intellectual Property Law is a patchwork area of intersecting multilateral and bilateral agreements and their resulting harmonization of national laws. It has become an increasingly important and frequently litigated area, particularly in the patent, copyright, and trademark areas. In addition, in the past few decades, there have been louder calls for the protection of domain names, databases, software, and traditional knowledge. Many of these cutting edge Intellectual Property issues are addressed on an international level through the World Intellectual Property Organization (WIPO). Along with new forms of protection, the trend towards globalization in the trade arena has had a direct effect on the harmonization of national Intellectual Property laws through the World Trade Organization (WTO) and regional trade organizations. The international treatment of Intellectual Property rights involves to a significant degree both the traditional concerns of public international law (i.e. the law of nations) and the concerns of the ‘conflict of laws’ or 'private international law' with the problem of determining in what jurisdiction to pursue a private legal dispute and what law will be applied to it. Intellectual Property problems, in that sense, involve both foreign and international law.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on Intellectual Property. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library’s systematic classification → Intellectual property and subject heading (keyword) Intellectual Property are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

New titles

The Peace Palace Library has a collection of over a million publications. Each week, about six hundred new titles are added to our collection: books, articles, documents, online publications, etc. On this page, access is provided to this week’s new titles on the topic Intellectual Property. It covers a wide variety of topics relating to international Intellectual Property law. General publications concerning the historical development and international institutions concerned with intellectual property; World Intellectual Property Organisation and the conventions, World Trade Organisation, dispute settlement, TRIPs and the European Union.

We also have publications on specific topics concerning Intellectual Property. Copyright and related rights under existing and prospective treaties and conventions (Berne, WIPO Treaties and TRIPs), the challenges of the internet. Intellectual property over technology: scope of patent systems, biotechnology, access to medicines. International arrangements concerning trade marks and unfair competition, geographical and other denominations of origin, including types of collective marks, traditional and indigenous knowledge and the enforcement of Intellectual Property rights.

As we are right in the middle of moving to a new library system, it is not yet possible to automatically collect new titles for this Research Guide.

Bibliography

Reference works

Books & Articles

 

Documents

Periodicals, serial publications

Bibliographies

Systematic classification → Intellectual property

New titles

The Peace Palace Library has a collection of over a million publications. Each week, about six hundred new titles are added to our collection: books, articles, documents, online publications, etc. On this page, access is provided to this week’s new titles on the topic Intellectual Property. It covers a wide variety of topics relating to international Intellectual Property law. General publications concerning the historical development and international institutions concerned with intellectual property; World Intellectual Property Organisation and the conventions, World Trade Organisation, dispute settlement, TRIPs and the European Union.

We also have publications on specific topics concerning Intellectual Property. Copyright and related rights under existing and prospective treaties and conventions (Berne, WIPO Treaties and TRIPs), the challenges of the internet. Intellectual property over technology: scope of patent systems, biotechnology, access to medicines. International arrangements concerning trade marks and unfair competition, geographical and other denominations of origin, including types of collective marks, traditional and indigenous knowledge and the enforcement of Intellectual Property rights.

As we are right in the middle of moving to a new library system, it is not yet possible to automatically collect new titles for this Research Guide.

Librarian's choice

  • Bracha, O., (ed.), The History of Intellectual Property Law, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018.

    The history of intellectual property law / edited by Oren Bracha

    This comprehensive two-volume collection includes some of the most important and influential articles published on the history of intellectual property. The seminal works compiled in these volumes encompass a broad variety of specific legal fields, periods and methodological perspectives. The collection focuses on the three main subfields of intellectual property: patent, copyright and trademark law. Volume I covers patent and copyright in Britain as well as U.S. patents. Volume II discusses U.S. copyright and trademarks along with colonial and international intellectual property law.

    With an original introduction by the editor, this essential compilation will be of great interest to legal historians, economic historians and anyone interested in intellectual property and its histor.

    View this title in our discovery service
  • Merges, R.P., and Song, S. H., Transnational Intellectual Property Law : Text and Cases, Cheltenham, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2018.

    Merges, R.P., and Song, S. H., Transnational Intellectual Property Law Text and Cases

    As companies and organisations increasingly operate across national boundaries, so the incentive to understand how to acquire, deploy and protect IP rights in multiple national jurisdictions has rapidly increased.

    Transnational Intellectual Property Law meets the need for a book that introduces contemporary intellectual property as it is practiced in today’s global context. Focusing on three major IP regimes – the United States, Europe and China – the unique transnational approach of this textbook will help law students and lawyers across the world understand not only how IP operates in different national contexts, but also how to coordinate IP protection across numerous national jurisdictions. International IP treaties are also covered, but in the context of an overall emphasis on transnational coordination of legal rights and strategies.

    Providing detailed thematic coverage of the major IP rights, including Patents, Copyright, Trademarks, Trade Secrets and Design Protection, the book delves into the national laws and operational realities of these three jurisdictions, highlighting the issues and questions that are most frequently encountered in practice. Of special note are the many English translations of Chinese legal materials – providing the richest and most in-depth coverage of authoritative IP-related statutes, cases and commentaries currently available to students.

    The textbook draws heavily on cases and other primary sources to tease out the differences, commonalities, and ultimately, strategies for taking a global approach to IP protection. Thought-provoking questions and scenarios throughout the book will stimulate class discussion and cement understanding.

    Key features:

    • Introductory problems allow students to identify and navigate the key issues;

    • An accessible layout with case extracts, questions and notes clearly highlighted illustrates examples of crucial issues, helps identify key information, and points to extensive practical and scholarly commentary on important issues;

    • Comparative approach with numerous references to law and business context in China, the United States and Europe allows students to place national IP in a global context; and

    • Expert analytical commentary on carefully selected cases guides readers on the key issues.

    Engaging and comprehensive, this textbook will be essential for all IP courses that aspire to teach the global dimension of IP, and for all students whose aim is to practice IP in what is an increasingly transnational marketplace.

    View this title in our discovery service

Database

The online edition of the Max Planck Encyclopedia of Public International Law, edited by Rüdiger Wolfrum, Director at the Max Planck Institute for Comparative Public Law and International Law. This comprehensive resource contains peer-reviewed articles on every aspect of public international law.

Westlaw International is the premier online resource tool for the international legal community. It provides a.o. legislation, case law, administrative materials, legal periodicals, analysis and news from the European Union and the United Kingdom. In the Westlaw directory, select Topical Practice Areas and then Intellectual Property. For further guidance please use the Intellectual Property Law Research Guide from the Westlaw website.

The World Intellectual Property Organization provides a valuable collection of national laws and treaties national laws and treaties on intellectual property of WIPO, WTO and UN Members. It also features related information which elaborates, analyzes and interprets these laws and treaties, also available in English translation. Choose a jurisdiction and then choose a the subject area.

WIPO Gold is a free public resource to global collections of searchable intellectual property data. It aims to facilitate universal access to intellectual property information.

provides resources, explanations, and links regarding the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property from the World Trade Organization.

UNESCO provides access to national copyright and related rights legislation of UNESCO Member States. To access the laws, you need first to click on the geographical zone you are interested in, then click on the country name.

collects links to individual national government websites regarding copyrights and other intellectual property rights.

provides citations and links to national laws from the Organization of American States (OAS).

Blogs

  • Polishing the Golden Rule of International Copyright Protection

    This week’s fascinating guest blog concerns the national treatment principle that deals with the issue of non-discrimination in international intellectual property law. The blog provides a brief overview of the development of this eminent principle in international conventions protecting copyright. Dr. Danny Friedmann combines intellectual rigor with clever anecdotes in this blog. Find out why Charles Dickens complained about the unfairness of the massive piracy of his books in the United States and how a former copyright pirate like Belgium could transform itself to a copyright advocate.

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  • China’s Ascendency as Vanguard of Traditional Knowledge in International Law Fora

    The People’s Republic of China has made great strides towards a commercial rule of law in regard to intellectual property law. International law has helped raise the bar for the protection and enforcement standards of intellectual property law in China. Now, that China has realized the potential of intellectual property law for innovation, culture and commerce it has become a vocal advocate in international law fora to reform intellectual property law in line with their ideas about Traditional Knowledge.

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  • Google Books and Fair Use

    On the 16th of October 2015, the United States Court of Appels for the Second Circuit made clear that Google Books is legal. The Court ruled for Google against the Authors Guild, a professional group of
    published writers which had alleged that Google Library Project and Google Books project infringed their copyrights. In determining whether the use made of a work in any particular case is a fair use the appeals Court considered four factors of the US copyright law.

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  • European Court of Justice Clarification of the Research and Private Study Exception to Copyright Infringement for Libraries

    On Thursday 11 September 2014, the European Court of Justice ruled on the meaning of the research and private study exception to copyright infringement for libraries, educational establishments, museums and archives. The Court decided that libraries are allowed to digitise books and make them available to the public at e-reading points within its vicinity, without the author’s permission. The judgment was issued in Case C-117/13, Technische Universität Darmstadt v Eugen Ulmer KG.

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  • ECJ Judgment: Private Copying Levy Cannot Include Copies Made from Unlawful Sources!

    The European Court of Justice has been pretty busy the past weeks. On Tuesday, April 8th 2014, the Court has declared the Data Retention Directive invalid from the date on which the directive entered into force. On Thursday, April 10th 2014, the Court has given its verdict on a complicated Dutch case involving the home-copying exception of European copyright legislation, and the associated use of copyright levies on blank media.

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  • Protection of Olympic Properties

    During the 2014 Olympic opening ceremony in Sochi, the World could witness the familiar Olympic symbols again: the torche, the flag, the rings and the mascots: three giant, stuffed-animal-like Sochi mascots, featuring a polar bear, a leopard and a hare. All three of these animals are indigenous to the country. These Olympic symbols, logos and mascots are very popular and therefore subject of plagiarism and corruption.

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  • You’ve been Framed: Hyperlinking and European Copyright Law

    One of the central features of the internet is the ability for each webpage to offer connections to other webpages in a click of a button. However in the copyright world there has been much discussion about website operators infringing copyright in a work by providing a link to another website containing that work. Can hyperlinking be a copyright infringement? What kind of linking is a communication to the public and the making of an authorized copy? In this blog I will discuss this issue in a European perspective with references to some recent cases of the European Court of Justice but first let me explain to you in short the relevant forms of hyperlinking.

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  • Trouble in Middle-Earth: Tolkien Estate sues Film Producers over Copyright Infringement and Breach of Contract

    After the big success of ‘The Lord of the Rings’ trilogy, it is now time for the first of the three upcoming films based on the other classic Tolkien book ‘The Hobbit’. Bilbo Baggins, the head character of the movie, is going to start with an unexpected journey through Middle-Earth. But, one week before the premiere in Wellington and two weeks before the first film of this trilogy hits theaters worldwide, the Tolkien estate has filed a lawsuit in the U.S. Central District Court of California.

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  • Ambush Marketing: ‘Drinking Coca-Cola, wearing Adidas’

    Why is such attention being paid by the organizers of the London 2012 Games to the brand of footwear being worn by participants and to the drinks they will take? The answer lies in the fear of ambush marketing. This means that at the moment in London, the action on the roads, in the rings and on the courts is not the only competition. For every Olympics, and other major sporting events, ambush marketing, unfortunately, provides a sideshow.

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  • Picture this! The margins of media coverage of celebrities private lives, a balance between privacy and public interest

    If you are a public figure and a celebrity, how much privacy can you expect? How far can a journalist probe into a celebrity’s private life to get news in order to fulfill ‘the right to know’ factor for the public interest?
    In recent years the balance between the media’s right to expression and an individual’s right to privacy has always been tricky and has therefore given rise to much debate. This blog will discuss two judgments of the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) on Februari 7th 2012,….

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  • International and European criminal measures on intellectual property rights

    On October 2, 2010, the 11th and final round of the negotiations for the Anti-Counterfeiting Trade Agreement (ACTA) was concluded successfully in Tokyo, Japan. The Government of Japan hosted the negotiations. Participants in the negotiations included Australia, Canada, the European Union (EU) – represented by the European Commission and the EU Presidency (Belgium) and the […]

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  • Google in trouble?

    At 19th February Google was facing its opponents in a New York court over long-delayed plans to create the world’s largest online library, under the name Google Books. The fairness hearing has been set up to listen to arguments for and against a controversial deal — the Google Book Search Copyright Class Action Settlement — between Google and US authors and publishers. US Dictrict Judge Chin has read more than 500 submissions related to the $125m (£77m) settlement that would set up a book rights registry to pay authors and publishers compensation in return for their work being scanned and digitised.

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  • The European Union’s ‘ContraFake’ policy

    Counterfeiting, which represents 5 to 7% of world trade, has implications on the competitiveness of EU companies, on jobs and on the health and security of EU citizens. László Kovác, European Commissioner in charge of Taxation and Customs Union, states his vision on the fight against counterfeiting as follows. ‘Customs have a vital role to […]

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  • The 'Obama effect' on trademarks

    US President Barack Obama was already stimulating the economy during his election campaign. The obama mania started just after the day he formally announced his candidacy for president. Obama mania on merchandising products like posters, buttons, t-shirts, mugs, plates etc., but also on some more extreme products, see for example some 18 nutty pieces of […]

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See also

More Research guides on Private International Law

PPL keywords

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Systematic classification → Intellectual property