International Contracts


International Contracts - Research Guide International Law

International business transactions are described in the form of an international contract, containing the objective(s) and commitments of each of the parties involved and the terms which govern the transaction. When parties from different countries enter into a contract, they are governed by international contract law unless they agree to abide by the laws of one of the countries. International contract law is a branch of private international law. This type of law is frequently applied to as international sales law. International sales contracts are governed by the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG) from 1980. The purpose of the CISG is to provide a regime for contracts for the international sale of goods. The Convention is developed to promote commercial exchanges between private parties. In history, merchants developed their own sort of international contract law. Traders wanted to deal despite differences in languages, culture and laws developed their own code for international transactions. These rules have evolved into the contract laws of today.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on International Contracts. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library's systematic classification → Public international law and subject heading (keyword) International Contracts are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.


Reference works


Leading articles


Periodicals, serial publications


New titles

1. The Challenges of Transnational Contractual Enforcement
The Challenges of Transnational Contractual Enforcement : The Relative Merits of Arbitration and State Courts Litigation / Sandrine Clavel. - Oxford ; Portland, Oregon : Hart Publishing. - Pages 303-317 In: The Transformation of Enforcement : European Economic Law in Global Perspective / edited by Hans-W Micklitz and Andrea Wechsler, ISBN 9781849468916: (2016), Pages 303-317. - 2016
Keywords: Contracts, International contracts, Enforcement, Arbitration, Arbitration tribunal,

2. Right to Cure under the Unidroit Principles Article 7.1.4: A Historical Analysis
Right to Cure under the Unidroit Principles Article 7.1.4: A Historical Analysis / Gakuro Himeno In: Jus Gentium: Journal of international legal history = ISSN 2381-0262: vol. 1, issue 2, page 427-572. - 2016
Keywords: Unidroit Principles of International Commercial Contracts, International contracts, Fulfilment of obligation, History of international law,



  • UNCITRAL Rotterdam Rules

    Following the adoption of the UNCITRAL Model Law on Electronic Commerce at its twenty-ninth session in 1996, the United Nations Commission on Trade Law (UNCITRAL) considered, as part of the Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) project, a proposal to include in its work programme a review of current practices and laws in the area of the international carriage of goods by sea, with a view to establishing the need for uniform rules where no such rules existed and with a view to achieving greater uniformity of laws.

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See also

More Research guides on Private International Law

PPL keywords