Territory

Introduction

The question of Territory has always been central to the international legal system. It constitutes the core of the definition of the State, and as such it is tied to the issue of jurisdiction and the extent of the power exercisable by the State. It is also central to the organisation of the international order, for a State-based world community requires rules by which to determine how Territory may be allocated to States and the sanctions that may be applied for violation of territorial integrity. Further, as States appear, disappear and re-emerge in a different guise, principles as to the determination of boundaries become critical.

This Research Guide is intended as a starting point for research on Territory. It provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section. Links to the PPL Catalogue are inserted. The Library's systematic classification scheme → Territory in general and subject heading (keyword) Territory are instrumental for searching through the Catalogue. Special attention is given to our subscriptions on databases, e-journals, e-books and other electronic resources. Finally, this Research Guide features links to relevant websites and other online resources of particular interest.

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  • Rossi, C.R., Sovereignty and Territorial Temptation: the Grotian Tendency, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 2017. Showcase item

    This powerful book stands on its head the most venerated tradition in international law and discusses the challenges of scarcity, sovereignty, and territorial temptation. Newly emergent resources, accessible through global climate change, discovery, or technological advancement, highlight time-tested problems of sovereignty and challenge liberal internationalism's promise of beneficial or shared solutions. From the High Arctic to the hyper-arid reaches of the Atacama Desert, from the South China Sea to the history of the law of the sea, from doctrinal and scholarly treatments to institutional forms of global governance, the historically recurring problem of territorial temptation in the ageless age of scarcity calls into question the future of the global commons, and illuminates the tendency among states to share resources, but only when necessary.

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  • Gasparini, A. (ed.), The Walls between Conflict and Peace, Leiden; Boston, Brill, 2017.

    The Walls between Conflict and Peace discusses how walls are not merely static entities, but are in constant flux, subject to the movement of time. Walls often begin life as a line marking a radical division, but then become an area, that is to say a border, within which function civil and political societies, national and supranational societies. Such changes occur because over time cooperation between populations produces an active quest for peace, which is therefore a peace in constant movement. These are the concepts and lines of political development analysed in the book. The first part of the book deals with political walls and how they evolve into borders, or even disappear. The second part discusses possible and actual walls between empires, and also walls which may take shape within present-day empires. The third part analyses various ways of being of walls between and within states: Berlin, the Vatican State and Italy, Cyprus, Israel and Palestine, Belfast, Northern European Countries, Gorizia and Nova Gorica, the USA and Mexico. In addition, discussion centres on a possible new Iron Curtain between the two Mediterranean shores and new and different walls within the EU. The last part of the book looks at how walls and borders change as a result of cooperation between the communities on either side of them. The book takes on particular relevance in the present circumstances of the proliferation of walls between empires and states and within single states, but it also analyses processes of conflict and peace which come about as a result of walls.

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  • Foucher, M., Le retour des frontières, Paris, CNRS Editions, 2016.

    Le retour des frontières, dans les faits et les consciences, est une bonne nouvelle. À condition de l’interpréter et d’en user avec discernement. Celles-ci n’avaient jamais disparu, sauf sur nos cartes mentales de voyageur européen. Une frontière n’est pas un tracé abstrait mais une institution, et la franchir aisément ne l’annule pas. Abolir les frontières, c’est faire disparaître les États. Un monde sans frontières est un monde barbare, ce que l’horreur daechite nous a rappelé. Michel Foucher, géographe et diplomate, est titulaire de la chaire de géopolitique appliquée au Collège d’études mondiales. Il est l’auteur de L’Europe et l’avenir du monde (2009), L’obsession des frontières (2007, rééd. 2012), et plus récemment de Le retour des frontières (2016).

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  • Dröge, Ph.M.A., Moresnet: opkomst en ondergang van een vergeten buurlandje, Houten; Antwerpen, Spectrum, 2016.

    Van 1816 tot 1918 lag Moresnet aan de Nederlandse zuidgrens. Het landje had 300 inwoners, die zich in de loop van de tijd echt een volk begonnen te voelen. Ze hadden een eigen hoofdstad (het dorp Kelmis), een staatshoofd (de burgemeester) en een verdedigingsmacht (de veldwachter). De vrijheid en lage belastingen trokken duizenden avonturiers aan en Moresnet groeide uit tot een voorbeeld van hoe mensen zonder grote overheid gelukkig en welvarend konden worden. Sterker nog, de wereldvrede moest hier beginnen. Idealisten wilden er de ideale staat vestigen, met de Esperanto-naam Amikejo (Vriendschap). Philip Dröge onderzoekt het merkwaardige verhaal achter Moresnet: Hoe kon dit onwaarschijnlijke landje ontstaan? Wie woonden er? Hoe was het leven in dit staatsrechtelijke unicum? Dröge vertelt over dieven, gokkers, smokkelaars, mijnwerkers en een dromer die van Moresnet die ideale samenleving wilde maken – en daar bijna in slaagde. Philip Dröge is journalist, columnist en initiatiefnemer van het populair-wetenschappelijke persbureau FAQT. Hij schreef eerder De schaduw van Tambora dat lovend door de pers werd ontvangen, schrijft voor diverse tijdschriften en treedt geregeld op als gastspreker en commentator op radio en televisie.

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  • Kohen, M.G., Territoriality and International Law, Cheltenham, UK : Northampton, MA, USA, Edward Elgar Publishing, 2016.

    The compilation of key articles and excerpts in this timely volume deals with the importance of territory for international law with regards to its relationship with power, state building and globalisation. The collection also analyses the evolution and scope of the law of acquisition of territory from colonial times to today, the emergence of new areas for the territorial expansion of states and the border delimitation rules. In addition, the selected papers investigate the impact of the human dimension, particularly the individual and collective human rights, on the way international law addresses territorial issues, including indigenous peoples and the right to self-determination.

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Database

Blogs

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