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Cultural property

  • Looted Ethiopian Treasure

    April 19, 2018

    On April 13, it was the 150th anniversary of the Battle of Maqdala between the British empire and the Abyssinian empire, in modern day Ethiopia. The battle of 1868, which basically started as an expedition to free British hostages taken by the Abyssinian emperor, resulted in a decisive victory for the British and the suicide of the Abyssinian emperor Tewodros. In the aftermath, the British troops plundered the empire and loaded 15 elephants and almost 200 mules with their spoils. The Victoria and Albert Museum now hosts a special display with a number of the artifacts. This exposition raises the issue of the restitution of the looted artifacts to Ethiopia.

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  • Mali War Crimes Suspect Mr. Al Hassan Makes Initial Appearance Before the ICC

    April 5, 2018

    After the Al Mahdi case, a landmark trial, a second case has been referred to the International Criminal Court (ICC) on charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity committed in Timbuktu, Mali between 2012 and 2013. Another Malian national, 40-year-old Mr Al Hassan Ag Abdoul Aziz Ag Mohamed Ag Mahmoud, faces charges of war crimes and crimes against humanity. He has been accused of destroying holy places, mausoleums of Muslim saints in Timbuktu and of enforcing a policy of forced marriage which had led to sexual slavery and rape of women and girls. The alleged crimes were committed between 2012 and 2013 when Timbuktu was under the control of militant islamists. From April 2012 until January 2013, Mr Al Hassan was head of the Islamic Police.

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  • Cultural Heritage

    Cultural Heritage distinguishes between Tangible Cultural Heritage and Intangible Cultural Heritage. Tangible Cultural Heritage can include archaeological sites, artifacts, buildings, monuments and culturally significant landscapes such as sacred places whereas Intangible Cultural Heritage can include language, oral histories, beliefs, rituals, ceremonies, customs, music, dance and other arts. The most important international organization that deals with Cultural Heritage is the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO).

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  • Cultural Property in Conflict

    August 4, 2016

    The destruction of cultural property is an old problem but still a topical issue. The destruction of cultural property in mostly Iraq and Syria is still a trending topic in the media. But it is not a new problem, cultural property has played a part in conflict and war throughout history. After the Second World War the Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Property in the Event of Armed Conflict 1954 was created to prevent this destruction in the future, but even then it continued. Irina Bokova, director general of UNESCO, called this destruction of cultural property in Iraq ‘cultural cleansing’. “They want to tell us that there is no memory, that there is no culture, that there is no heritage”.

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  • The Destruction of the Cathedral of Reims

    The Destruction of the Cathedral of Reims, 1914

    July 23, 2014

    On 20 September 1914, German shellfire burned, damaged and destroyed important parts of the magnificent Cathedral of Reims. The destruction of the Cathedral was generally regarded as an act of sheer vandalism. At the time, it was generally admitted by writers on international law that if the military commander of a besieged place used a church or other building whose immunity had been established, as a stronghold, a storehouse, or an observatory, the besieger might bombard the site without being held responsible for damages caused in consequence of their proximity to other buildings which are liable to bombardment. Even the French war manual itself admitted this.

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  • Invitation Extra Lecture on Nicholas Roerich, Tuesday, 13 May 2014

    Invitation Extra Lecture on Nicholas Roerich, Tuesday, 13 May 2014

    May 9, 2014

    Invitation for an extra Peace Palace Library Lecture on Nicholas Roerich, Artist and Lawyer, Founder of the 1935 Roerich Pact for the Protection of Cultural Heritage in Times of War and Peace, Tuesday, 13 May 2014, 17.00 – 18.00 in the Library and Academy Building of the Peace Palace.
     Invitation Extra Lecture on Nicholas Roerich, Tuesday, 13 May 2014

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  • 60th Anniversary of the UNESCO 1954 Hague Convention for the Protection of Cultural Heritage in the Event of an Armed Conflict

    May 7, 2014

    The 1954 Convention is the basic international treaty formulating rules to protect cultural heritage during armed conflicts. It regulates the conduct of nations during war and military occupation in order to assure the protection of cultural sites, monuments and repositories, including museums, libraries and archives. A Round table meeting in the Peace Palace is organized on Monday, 12 May 2014.

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  • Exhibition of the Roerich Pact: History and Modernity

    May 2, 2014

    On 15 april 2014 the exhibition about the “Roerich Pact: History and Modernity” was officially opened at the Academy building of the Peace Palace. The exhibition is part of a world wide project of the International Centre of the Roerichs and the International Roerich’s Heritage Preservation to promote the Roerich Pact. Exactly 79 years ago, the Roerich Pact was signed in Washington by the representatives of 21 member-states of the Pan-American Union including the USA.

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  • Exhibition and Lectures: "The Roerich Pact. History and Modernity", Peace Palace Library, April 15-16, 2014

    Exhibition: “The Roerich Pact. History and Modernity”, Peace Palace Library

    April 22, 2014

    The Roerich Pact is the first international treaty on the protection of art, science, religion and monuments. This unique legal document sprang from the initiative of Nicholas Roerich, a famous Russian painter and jurist. A special exhibition about Roerich and the Roerich Pact is organized in the Peace Palace Library. From April 16 – May 18 guided tours to the exhibition are available. Costs €5. Please find available dates and times at www.vredespaleis.nl (visitor information).
     Exhibition and Lectures:

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  • Exhibition and Lectures: "The Roerich Pact. History and Modernity", Peace Palace Library, April 15-16, 2014

    Exhibition and Lectures: “The Roerich Pact. History and Modernity”, Peace Palace Library, April 15-16, 2014

    April 11, 2014

    The Roerich Pact is the first international treaty on the protection of art, science, religion and monuments. This unique legal document sprang from the initiative of Nicholas Roerich, (1874-1947), a famous Russian painter and jurist. Lectures and a special exhibition about Roerich and the Roerich Pact will be organized in the Peace Palace Library. Read more.
     Exhibition and Lectures:

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