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Cyberspace

  • Faking it to the Next Level: Are Deep Fakes Threatening Our Democratic Society?

    August 3, 2018

    On 31st July 2018, Facebook has posted an article in its Newsroom explaining how the platform is being used to manipulate the Facebook-community. 32 pages have been removed by Facebook and Instagram because they were found to be “involved in coordinated inauthentic behavior.” The manipulation of digital video and audio files, has become increasingly sophisticated and accessible. While the world is more or less accustomed to the idea of image manipulation through ‘photoshopping’, video or audio files that present people saying of doing things they never did nor said, pose a new kind of challenge to democracies and national security. Audio and video manipulation then enter a realm that is generally described as ‘deep fake’.

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  • ‘The Cyber Warfare Manual: A Detailed Assessment’

    ‘The Cyber Warfare Manual: A Detailed Assessment’

    December 4, 2014

    In the last 10 years cyber attacks on states, non-state actors and civilians have shown to be a powerful weapon to create serious havoc and disruption. Cyberwarfare could be considered as a serious threat to peace and security, leaving states, non-state actors and individuals in a vulnerable position due to a lacking legal framework to regulate this type of warfare. In order to tackle the problem of the missing framework applicable to cyberwarfare, in 2009 the CCDCOE, a NATO-accredited research and training facility in the field of cyber security, asked legal experts, practitioners and technical specialists to create a non-binding manual that would apply existing international law norms to cyberwarfare: the Cyberwarfare Manual.

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