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Environmental damage

  • Bees at Risk: Near-total Ban of Neonicotinoids Backed by ECJ

    May 31, 2018

    On Thursday 17 May 2018 the Court of Justice of the European Union backed a near-total ban of three pesticides, also called neonicotinoids (clothianidin, thiamethoxam and imidacloprid), because of their scientifically proven serious harmful effect on the health of both wild bees and honey bees. Neonicotinoids are part of a class of insecticides that damage the central nervous system of insects that result in paralysis and death.

    Bayer and Syngenta, the manufacturers of these three types of insecticides went to the Court in 2013 to stop the ban of these chemicals. But the Court dismissed “in their entirety the actions brought by Bayer and Syngenta in relation to the neonicotinoids clothianidin, thiamethoxam and imidacloprid.”

    After an extensive updated assessment which was based on more than 1,500 studies, involving wild bees (bumblebees, solitary bees) and honeybees, the European Food Safety Authority concluded that these three insecticides are harmful for bees. These pesticides can no longer be used in the open field but their use is still allowed inside permanent greenhouses.

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  • Marrakech COP22

    Marrakech Climate Change Conference 2016

    November 10, 2016

    The 22nd Session of the Conference of Parties to the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (COP22) is being held in Marrakech, from November 7 to 18, 2016. This international climate conference will focus on action items in order to achieve the priorities of the Paris Agreement, especially related to adaptation, transparency, technology transfer, mitigation, capacity building and loss and damages. Signatories to The Paris Agreement now have to develop their National Adaptation Plans.

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  • paris-climate-agreement

    Paris Global Climate Agreement: Toward Entry into Force

    September 15, 2016

    On 21 September 2016, a special event will take place. United Nations Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon has invited leaders from all countries to the UN Headquarters in New York from 8:00-9:00am to attend this event and to deposit their instruments of ratification, acceptance, approval or accession to the Paris Climate Agreement on climate change. The event will provide an opportunity to countries to publicly commit to joining or ratifying the agreement before the end of 2016. It is expected that the September event will help efforts to secure early entry into force of the Paris Agreement.

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  • Shell and Ogoni People : (s)oil pollution in the Niger Delta

    February 15, 2013

    On January 30, 2013, the court (Rechtbank) in the Hague, The Netherlands, ruled that Royal Dutch Shell can be held partially responsible for pollution in Nigeria’s Niger Delta region and ordered it to pay damages to one farmer. The Dutch court dismissed four out of five allegations of the Ogoni people against the oil company. Although Shell blames the oil pollution to sabotage, activists say the case could set a precedent for damage claims related to the foreign activities of multinational companies.

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  • New Research Guide: Ecocide

    November 5, 2012

    Recently, the Peace Palace Library published the Ecocide Research Guide. This aspect of International Environmental Law has gained in importance in recent years as the activities of the human species are influencing the Earth’s natural state in a way never seen before. This Guide provides the basic legal materials available in the Peace Palace Library, both in print and electronic format. Handbooks, leading articles, bibliographies, periodicals, serial publications and documents of interest are presented in the Selective Bibliography section.

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  • Library user in the spotlight: Dr. Sayed Zeidan

    October 15, 2012

    This study provides an analytical, practical and theoretical framework on State liability and responsibility for environmental damage caused by major nuclear accidents as a result of nuclear activities in accordance with the existing rules of international law. Despite the traditional rules of international liability focus on reparation of the incidence damage, this study concludes that the role of liability for environmental damage must be extended to prevent damage that might result from a nuclear activity as a hazardous activity before it happens. The regime of liability has two functions: a preventive function and a reparative function

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  • Keeping Your Head Above Water: The Pacific Islands & The Rising Tide Of International Climate Litigation

    February 10, 2012

    On February 3rd, Johnson Toribiong, the President of the Pacific Island Nation Palau, announced that his country will seek an Advisory Opinion from the International Court of Justice (ICJ) in The Hague regarding the issue of climate change. This blog will briefly discuss the measures that states in these circumstances can invoke during a court procedure.

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