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European integration

  • European sovereignty Peace Palace blog Jaap Hoeksma

    European Sovereignty

    February 1, 2018

    As newly elected President of the French Republic, Emmanuel Macron has made his mark on the debate about the European Union by introducing the term European sovereignty. In his speech at the Sorbonne of 26 September 2017 he elaborated his vision on European sovereignty in detail. The reason why this term raises distrust among lawyers is that it contains an apparent contradiction. Sovereignty in Europe rests with the member states, not with the Union. According to the highest constitutional court of Germany, the member states are the ‘masters of the treaties’, not the Union. So, has President Macron merely launched a political slogan or will closer examination reveal that his approach gives fresh impetus to the smouldering debate about the future of Europe?

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  • Breakthrough in the Debate about the Nature of the EU

    October 5, 2017

    In January 2013, PM David Cameron delivered a speech on Europe in which he announced his decision to give the people a say on British membership of the EU. His address, which triggered a series of blogs on this website about the nature of the EU, contained a remarkable dichotomy. In the ensuing debate, the EU proved to be unable to defend itself against the accusations of its opponents that it forms a ‘Fourth Reich’, a modern Leviathan or even the reincarnation of the medieval Golem of Prague.

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  • The Blind Spot of the White Paper

    June 1, 2017

    It is conventional wisdom in Brussels and the wider European Union that a good crisis should never be wasted. Since the start of this century, however, the European Union has been besieged by such a variety of crises that it seems to be haunted by its own version of the ten biblical plagues. The constitutional crisis, which had been caused by the rejection of the so-called Constitution for Europe in 2005 by the French and Dutch electorates, was solved through the Lisbon Treaty of 2007. Hardly had the new treaty entered into force or the financial or sovereign debt crisis erupted. It pushed the euro and the EU to the brink of collapse, but the migration crisis was already pressing before the euro crisis had been brought under control. This combination of crises resulted in a Crisis of Confidence between the EU and its citizens.

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  • Essay on the Future of the European Union

    June 1, 2017

    The lesson of Brexit The erosion of trust in the EU has been galvanised by the Bloomsberg Speech on Europe of 23 January 2013, in which Prime-Minister David Cameron announced his intention to organise a referendum about British membership of the EU. In his speech Mr Cameron created a peculiar dichotomy, which the EU has […]

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  • A Present for the EU at 60

    March 9, 2017

    On the eve of the 60th anniversary of the Treaties of Rome, the EU seems to be besieged by problems, challenges and disasters. Recently, leading proponents of the EU expressed the belief that their Union is tormented by a modern version of the biblical plagues of Egypt. However, the EU will be well-advised to use the occasion for taking a long, hard look at itself. Notably, the way in which the EU presents itself on the Europaserver is indicative for its lack of self-confidence.

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  • After Brexit a Citizens' Declaration

    After Brexit a Citizens’ Declaration

    August 12, 2016

    Although EU citizenship has become one of the most distinctive symbols of the European Union since its foundation in 1992, the majority of UK voters have decided to leave the EU and to relinquish their rights as citizens of the Union. As discontent in other member states is growing too, the European Council should shed new light on the relation between the EU and its citizens through the adoption of a Citizens’ Declaration at its earliest opportunity. Guest blog by Jaap Hoeksma, author of the EU-monograph: From Common Market to Common Democracy.

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  • Brexit New Titles

    Selective Bibliography Economic Abeyratne, R., “Brexit and Air Transport Economics in the United Kingdom”, German journal of air and space law: Vierteljahresschrift des Instituts für Luft- und Weltraumrecht der Universität Köln, 66 (2017), No. 2, pp. 212-227. Adlung, R., “Brexit from a WTO/GATS Perspective: Towards an Easy Divorce?”, Journal of world trade: law, economics, public […]

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  • Book Launch: From Common Market to Common Democracy

    March 31, 2016

    Our esteemed guest blogger Jaap Hoeksma, philosopher of law, director of Euroknow and creator of the Boardgame Eurocracy, has presented his new book From Common Market to Common Democracy: A Theory of Democratic Integration in the Peace Palace Library during a special book launch ceremony. The monograph is a small book with a relatively long history. It has been triggered by the reactions to Hoeksma’s finding that the Lisbon Treaty construes the European Union as a democracy without, however, turning the Union into a State. In order to submit his ideas to academic scrutiny, Hoeksma initiated a scientific meeting in the Peace Palace some time ago with a view to establish whether the European Union may be regarded as a new phenomenon in International Law, and, if so, how this novel entity can be described. In a series of blogs on our website Jaap Hoeksma explored the intricacies of the Westphalian system of International Relations.

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  • Launching a New Article 1 Treaty on European Union

    March 4, 2016

    As the late Umberto Eco already suggested, a library is not merely a collection of books, but also forms an intellectual meeting place. In the past scholars used to meet each other at the lender’s desk or in the reading room. Thanks to the digital innovations of the last decades, the Peace Palace Library blogs have become a breeding place for innovative ideas in the field of International and European Law. Thousands of visitors of the PPL-website are using the opportunity to read the weekly blogs and to contribute to development of new approaches and, indeed, of paradigm shifts.

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  • From Common Market to Common Democracy

    Beyond Ever Closer Union

    March 4, 2016

    Presentation new article 1 TEU in Peace Palace Library on 4 March 2016 at 16.00 hours. In the wake of the meeting of the European Council, during which the conditions for the continuation of the British membership of the EU have been negotiated, the Dutch philosopher of law Jaap Hoeksma will be presenting an alternative for the disputed term ‘ever closer union’.

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