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European integration

  • Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    Back to or Beyond Westphalia?

    October 25, 2013

    The Italian banker and politician Padoa-Schioppa used to describe Great-Britain as the Venice of Europe. Drawing a comparison between the Italian unification in the 19th century and the present process of European integration, Padoa-Schioppa suggested that the UK is and will remain as reluctant to give up the pound in favour of euro as Venice has been to join the Italian lira. The implication of the comparison is, of course, that, however grudgingly, in the end the UK will accept the common European currency as well.

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  • Wir bauen ein neues Europa

    Wir bauen ein neues Europa

    June 12, 2013

    NATO poster for European Cooperation by Kurt Krepsic (Austria); 5th prize at the poster design competition to sell the Marshall plan. Image: Three white peace doves are building a nest in a a severely damaged and nearly dead tree. Some new branches sprout from the tree. The birds nest is covered with flags of several European […]

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  • ERP Poster for European Cooperation by Mario Puppo

    June 12, 2013

    NATO poster for European Cooperation; 4th price at the poster design competition to sell the Marshall Plan. Image: Woman holding a peace dove in her right hand and a spear in the other. Around her shoulders, arms and head a ribbon is draped with the flags of European countries. In front of her several ears of corn, […]

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  • ERP Poster for European Cooperation by Giuseppe Croce

    June 12, 2013

    NATO poster for European Cooperation by Giuseppe Croce; 4th price at the competition to sell the Marshall plan. Image: The spirit of cooperation and reconstruction is symbolised by two classic Renaissance figures that are reaching out for eachother and parts of a scaffolding adorned with European flags.

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  • Paix, l’Europe unie construit la paix

    June 12, 2013

    Poster to promote the European Union with the slogan “L’ Europe Unie construit La Paix” by the French movement Paix et Liberté. Image: Painting of a group of figures that is carrying a large white cube with the text “Paix” on it.  The figures represent European countries: West-Germany, France, The Netherlands, Belgium, Luxembourg, Great Brittain and Italy.

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  • La coopération intereuropéenne pour un niveau de vie plus élevé

    June 12, 2013

    NATO poster to promote European Cooperation, by Gothfried Honegger; 5th price at the competition to sell the Marshall plan. Image: Two interlocking hands and colored arrows pointing upwards.

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  • ERP Malgré tout

    June 12, 2013

    NATO poster for European Cooperation by Kennan Temisan, Turkey; 3th price at the competition to sell the Marshall Plan. Image: a light beam on a felled tree trunk with a new shoot sprouting (olive-branch) and a broken ax next to the trunk. At the origin of the light beam stripes and stars, patterns of the American […]

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  • As common democracy the EU forms a union of democratic states based on the rule of law, which also constitutes a law-based democracy of its own.

    The European Union as a Common Democracy

    May 2, 2013

    As a young democracy the EU urgently needs to strengthen its legitimacy and accountability. The transition from a traditional union of nation states to a polity of citizens and member states requires a fundamental adjustment of governance structures. The primordial challenge for the coming decades is therefore to address the democratic deficit and to turn the EU into a living democracy.

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  • A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    A Union of States and Citizens: The Emergence of a New Term in International Law

    March 1, 2013

    On June 28th 2011 Peter Kooijmans participated in a conference about the place of the EU in international law, which was held in the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace under the auspices of the T.M.C. Asser Instituut and the Carnegie Foundation. According to a blog on this website, one of the participants started the debate on the presumption that ‘the EU is a thing for which lawyers have no name’.

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  • The EU as a democratic polity in international law

    June 30, 2011

    On June 28, 2011 a conference was held about The European Union (hereafter EU) as a Polity in International Law at the Academy Hall of the Peace Palace, The Hague, The Netherlands. The conference was held at the initiative of Mr. Jaap Hoeksma, Director of Euroknow. This initiative was supported by Dr P. H. Kooijmans, Prof Dr L-J Brinkhorst, Dr W.F. van Eekelen, Dr W.van Gerven and Dr Th. van Boven.

    The theme of the conference was the legal status of the European Union and its relationship with international law.From its inception, the main goal of the European Union and its integration in the legal as well as political systems of the Member states has been faced with conceptual problems regarding the final goal of the establishment of the European Union. The purpose of the conference was to discuss whether the Lisbon Treaty has overcome the problems by constructing the EU as a democratic polity without turning the Union into a state. If so, what are the consequences for the place of the EU as a polity in international law and for its role in international relations?

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