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Germany

  • Treaty of Versailles Centennial: Territorial Changes

    June 20, 2019

    The Versailles Treaty stripped Germany of 65,000 km2 of territory and circa 7 million people. It also required Germany to give up the gains made in the East. In Western Europe Germany was required to recognize Belgian sovereignty over Moresnet and cede control of the Eupen-Malmedy area. To compensate for the destruction of French coal mines, Germany was to cede the output of the Saar coalmines to France and control of the Saar to the League of Nations for 15 years; a plebiscite would then be held to decide sovereignty. The treaty “restored” the provinces of Alsace-Lorraine to France. The sovereignty of Schleswig-Holstein was to be resolved by a plebiscite to be held at a future time.

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  • D-Day and the Battle of Normandy Remembered 2019

    June 6, 2019

    Commemorations of the Allied D-Day landings have begun in Europe, where veterans of the invasion are gathering along with world leaders to mark the 75th anniversary of the operation to liberate France. D-Day started shortly after midnight June 6th, 1944 with an extensive air and naval bombardment and an airborne assault on the French coast. 24.000 British, Canadian and American paratroopers were dropped behind the 80 kilometer wide beach zone and seized key objectives such as bridges and road crossings.

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  • Former Nazi Officer’s Plea for Mercy Rejected

    January 18, 2018

    The mercy plea of Oskar Gröning, a 96-year-old former Nazi officer, has been denied. On July 15, 2015, Mr Gröning, who is also called the ‘bookkeeper of Auschwitz’, was condemned of being “guilty of aiding and abetting murder in three hundred thousand legally concurrent cases”, referring to the 300,000 murders that took place in the Nazi death camp Auschwitz during the Second World War. During the trial of 2015, Oskar Gröning expressly admitted moral guilt, but not criminal guilt.

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  • Benjamin Ferenczpad Unveiled

    May 30, 2017

    Last week, the path next to the Peace Palace has been named Benjamin Ferenczpad. Together with the students of the Duinoord School, 97-year-old Ferencz, former Chief Prosecutor for the United States Army at the Nuremberg Einsatzgruppen Trial and advocate of the establishment of the International Criminal Court, unveiled his street name board. After revealing, he spoke to the children in the Peace Palace Library who were allowed to ask questions.

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  • Aleppo, Ankara and Berlin: Atrocities, Violence and Terror

    December 21, 2016

    Humanitarian Crisis in Syria. In the eastern part of Aleppo, a Syrian city held by rebels, thousands of civilians were trapped. People were being executed in those parts of Aleppo that had been retaken by Assad forces. Recently the trapped residents that were stuck in a small area with no safe zones posted final “goodbye” messages, pictures and tweets on social media. They have thanked supporters, and questioned how the world allowed the situation in Aleppo to happen. The situation in Syria has been described as a “stain on the world’s collective conscience”.

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  • Royal Sperm Whales and More

    April 14, 2016

    Has any mammal inspired such romantic images of the sea and love for nature as much as the whale, yet aroused such controversy in global environmental conservation? Legal efforts to protect whales, however, extend beyond whaling issues. Even beyond protection itself. What about legal arrangements dealing with such large marine mammals found stranded on the shoreline? This so-called phenomenon of Cetacean stranding certainly is something that arouses public interest and emotion.

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  • ‘Nuremberg: It’s Lesson for Today’, Film Screening, Thursday 26 November

    November 18, 2015

    We kindly invite you for this film screening. Registration and tickets, please click here.
    ‘Nuremberg: It's Lesson for Today’, Film Screening, Thursday 26 November

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  • Video Registration Lecture ‘70 Years Nuremberg’

    November 17, 2015

    Our event on November 14 was a great success. About 170 people attended! The speakers for this Library lecture were: H.E. Justice Shireen Avis Fisher from the Residual Special Court of Sierra Leone, H.E. Judge Howard Morrison from the International Criminal Court and Mr. Axel Fisher, Philipps University of Marburg, Germany. Please, watch the video registration on our YouTube Channel.
    Video Registration ‘70 Years Nuremberg’

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  • ‘70 Years Nuremberg’, Lecture and Film Screening, 14 and 26 November

    November 12, 2015

    The Peace Palace Library commemorates the 70th anniversary of the Nuremberg Trials against the principal perpetrators of the Hitler regime. The Library invites you to join us in commemorating this important moment in history and to reflect on the lessons we have learnt from the Nuremberg Trials in recent times. Please, register here.
    Hermann Goring at Nuremberg

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  • The International Nuremberg Principles Academy: Interview with Dr. Sigall Horovitz

    November 12, 2015

    On the 10th of November, we visited the International Nuremberg Principles Academy, created in 2014 to teach students from all over the world about international criminal law and human rights. Here we interviewed Bernd Borchardt, the founding director of the Academy, and dr. Sigall Horovitz, who works for the Educational Department of the Academy and who is a specialist in international criminal law and transitional justice.

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