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Jus ad bellum

  • Targeted Killing of European Foreign Terrorist Fighters in Syria and Iraq

    October 25, 2017

    In recent years, a significant number of European nationals have travelled to Syria or Iraq to train and fight with terrorist groups such as the Islamic State (IS). This flow of foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) has posed serious security concerns for Europe, in particular with regards to the threat posed by FTFs returning to Europe to carry out terrorist attacks. In this context, it appears that a number of States have resorted to targeted strikes against their citizens in Syria and Iraq.

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  • ‘The Cyber Warfare Manual: A Detailed Assessment’

    ‘The Cyber Warfare Manual: A Detailed Assessment’

    December 4, 2014

    In the last 10 years cyber attacks on states, non-state actors and civilians have shown to be a powerful weapon to create serious havoc and disruption. Cyberwarfare could be considered as a serious threat to peace and security, leaving states, non-state actors and individuals in a vulnerable position due to a lacking legal framework to regulate this type of warfare. In order to tackle the problem of the missing framework applicable to cyberwarfare, in 2009 the CCDCOE, a NATO-accredited research and training facility in the field of cyber security, asked legal experts, practitioners and technical specialists to create a non-binding manual that would apply existing international law norms to cyberwarfare: the Cyberwarfare Manual.

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  • A Licence to Kill? The assassination of Osama Bin Laden: Has the USA gone too far in acting as a policeman or was the raid justified?

    May 17, 2011

    Osama Bin Laden (OBL) is dead. He was killed by a special ops team from the United States of America (USA), “after a firefight.” After OBL had been assassinated, the special team of SEALS took the deceased body of the dangerous mastermind terrorist and several hard drives from the compound in Abbottabad. Bin laden had been hiding there with his family for several years without being noticed. When the Pentagon researched the hard drives, it appeared that OBL had been planning new attacks, at least on several US cities and also on European locations. Upon hearing this news so many have sighed with relief that the secret services of the USA found out about these planned attacks before they could actually take place. Obama, President of the USA stated that “justice had been done” by executing OBL. But “what kind of justice” The assassination also led to a lot of questions and criticism: Was the raid justified?

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