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Nuclear safety

  • 30 Years After Chernobyl – Nuclear Safety and Security

    May 12, 2016

    The Chernobyl nuclear tragedy had a tremendous impact on the global community. This nuclear disaster has changed the attitude of nations to nuclear safety. After the nuclear accident, new standards and strategies for improving nuclear and radiation safety, emergency response and disaster mitigation have been developed. Since the Chernobyl accident the International Atomic Energy Association has adopted many security related legal instruments have been adopted to increase nuclear safety and security on a global and domestic level.

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  • Nuclear Deal, Sanctions, Nuclear Diplomacy

    July 24, 2015

    After nearly two years of arduous negotiations a comprehensive agreement on the nuclear program of Iran was signed in Vienna on 14 July 2015. In exchange for reducing Iran’s nuclear activities drastically, the United States and the European Union would lift their nuclear-related sanctions on the Iranian economy. Most countries and international organizations welcomed the agreement. Will U.S. President Obama be remembered as initiator of this ‘historic’ deal? The Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (JCPOA) is a nuclear agreement signed in Vienna on 14 July 2015 between Iran, the P5+1 (the five permanent members of the United Nations Security Council—China, France, Russia, United Kingdom, United States—plus Germany), and the European Union.

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  • Nuclear security: Dangers and Achievements

    March 28, 2014

    Nuclear security is generally accepted to mean “the prevention of, detection of, and response to, criminal or intentional unauthorized acts involving or directed at nuclear material, other radioactive material, associated facilities, or associated activities”. In short it is about preventing terrorists from acquiring radioactive material or attacking nuclear facilities. Since the terrorist attacks of 11 September 2001, nuclear security concerns have been heightened, but how real is the danger and what are the legal instruments to combat nuclear terrorism?

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  • Nuclear Security Summit, The Hague 2014

    Events around the Nuclear Security Summit

    March 17, 2014

    A number of cultural and socially-engaged institutions in The Hague are organising a special ‘Summit Week’ from 19 to 26 March. You can attend films or follow debates on the summit’s theme: Nuclear Security.
    Nuclear Security Summit, The Hague 2014

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  • Nuclear Security Summit 2014: Preventing Nuclear Terrorism Around the Globe

    February 21, 2014

    On 24 and 25 March 2014 the Third Nuclear Security Summit will take place here in The Hague. Nuclear terrorism is one of the greatest threats to international peace and security. Even though the chance of a terrorist nuclear attack is small, the consequences would be enormous. The Nuclear Security Summit aims to enhance international cooperation in order to combat nuclear terrorist threats by preventing the illicit acquisition of nuclear material by non-state actors such as smugglers and terrorist groups.

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  • Letter from the Editors

    Letter from the Editors

    January 31, 2014

    This year, we, the editors of the Peace Palace Library Newsletter, will have the pleasure to bring to you once more many international law stories revolving around the activities that will take place in – and around the Peace Palace. In addition to these events, we will continue our popular news items such as the interviews with library users and other important people in international law, book donations, etc.

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  • Library user in the spotlight: Dr. Sayed Zeidan

    October 15, 2012

    This study provides an analytical, practical and theoretical framework on State liability and responsibility for environmental damage caused by major nuclear accidents as a result of nuclear activities in accordance with the existing rules of international law. Despite the traditional rules of international liability focus on reparation of the incidence damage, this study concludes that the role of liability for environmental damage must be extended to prevent damage that might result from a nuclear activity as a hazardous activity before it happens. The regime of liability has two functions: a preventive function and a reparative function

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  • European nuclear safety after the Japanese Fukushima disaster

    March 24, 2011

    On Friday 11 March 2011, Japan was struck by a devastating earthquake and tsunami, also known as the Tōhoku earthquake. Japan’s nuclear crisis that was caused by the earthquake and tsunami has so far evoked many questions and worries about the safety of nuclear energy just like the Chernobyl disaster evoked responses in the 1980s. It raises questions about the possible impact of nuclear energy industry on safety and health. Several European countries have discussed the use of nuclear energy and safety measures or have temporarily shut down nuclear reactors since the Japanese earthquake of 11 March 2011.

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  • Japan’s nuclear energy policy: energy security versus non-proliferation

    March 22, 2011

    Nuclear power dependence Energy is the “life blood” of any economy, but for Japan, this truism has an added importance. Japan is poor in natural resources, specifically sources of energy, which are so vital to a healthy, modern economy: – Japan must import over 80% of all primary energy needs; – Japan obtains only 0.3% […]

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