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Peace treaties

  • The Signing of the Treaty of Ghent, December 24, 1814.

    The Peace of Christmas Eve

    December 21, 2018

    Peace is an elusive thing. For many, the attraction of the Christmas season is the momentary fulfillment of that dream, the wonderful moment of ‘Peace on Earth’. For one night, it seems possible. As Christmas approaches, we experience a sense of ‘Peace on Earth’. A few times in history, this sense of peace at Christmas had real impact on human affairs. A little known example is the the signing of the Treaty of Ghent on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1814, ending a war, the War of 1812, between the United States and the British Empire and their allies.

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  • Ballet de la Paix (1668)

    April 3, 2018

    On 7 february 1668 there was much ado at the Buitenhof in The Hague. Noblemen, foreign diplomats and Dutch regents arrived in coaches or on foot at the stables of the Prince of Orange, which had been transformed temporarily into a theatre. It was the opening night of the Ballet de la Paix (Ballet of Peace). The Ballet de […]

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  • The Raid on the Medway, 1667: Forcing Peace at Breda

    June 14, 2017

    350 Years ago, the Treaty of Breda was signed at the Dutch city of Breda, 31 July, 1667, by England, the Dutch Republic, France, and Denmark-Norway. It brought a hasty end to the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665-1667) in favour of the Dutch. It was a typical quick uti possidetis treaty. In the latter stages of the war, the Dutch had prevailed. Lieutenant-Admiral-General Michiel de Ruyter virtually controlled the seas around the south coast of England. His presence encouraged English commissioners to sue for peace quickly. Negotiations, which had been long protracted, and had actually begun in Breda before the raid, took only ten days to conclude after resumption of talks.

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  • Language of Peace (Research Tool)

    May 30, 2017

    Language of Peace is a research tool providing access to around 1000 peace agreements concluded in the post-WWII era, categorized article by article according to the issues they address, from ceasefires through human rights to power sharing. Through this innovative tool, users can search agreements according to 226 issues, organized under 26 main issue headings, and refine their results through a number of filters, such as parties/witnesses, region, date range and conflict type, or make use of the word search function. Search results can subsequently be bookmarked and exported in either PDF or DOCX format. Furthermore, in order to provide information about the broader context of provisions on a particular issue, Language of Peace is linked to the UN Peacemaker database, which contains full text PDF documents of the agreements. Language of Peace was developed as part of the Legal Tools for Peace-Making project at the University of Cambridge, in collaboration with the United Nations Department of Political Affairs; the website was designed and developed by PASTPRESENTFUTURE. The project is funded by the UK Economic and Social Research Council.

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  • Book Launch ‘The Art of Making Peace’

    April 12, 2017

    On Monday, March 20, the Peace Palace Library and the Carnegie Foundation organized the first book launch of this year. ‘ The Art of Making Peace; Lessons learned from the Peace Treaties’ holds special meaning to us as it is a reflection of an international conference that took place during the Peace Palace Centenary in 2013. The volume offers critical reflections by the leading experts of this conference on important peace agreements such as the Treaty of Versailles of 1919, the mother of all peace treaties, as well as some more recent examples such as the Dayton Peace Agreement and the Sudan Agreement. In addition, the situations which arose in relation to the wars between Iran and Iraq and between Kuwait and Iraq are also discussed.

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  • database un-peacemaker

    Database: United Nations Peacemaker

    December 21, 2016

    UN Peacemaker is part of the UN’s overall effort to provide advice and support to the Secretary-General and his Representatives in their efforts to resolve international disputes and internal conflicts. It is also intended to be useful to UN partners actively engaged in peacemaking efforts, including Member States, regional organisations, civil society, non-governmental organisations and national mediators. The website and database UN Peacemaker is also accessible via our research guide International Peace and Security.

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  • The Art of Peace Making: Lessons learned from Peace Treaties

    The Art of Peace Making: Lessons learned from Peace Treaties

    October 3, 2013

    A joint two-day international conference organized in the context of the celebrations for the Tercentenary of Peace of Utrecht, 1713-2013 and the Centenary of the Peace Palace, 1913-2013.

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  • La Salle des festins de Versailles en réjouissance 1763. Engraving on the Treaty of Paris 1763

    La Salle des festins de Versailles en réjouissance 1763

    September 6, 2013

    Hand-coloured engraving on the Treaty of Paris of 1763. This treaty put an end tot the Seven Years’ War that involved most of the great powers of the time and affected Europe, North America, Central America, the West African coast, India, and the Philippines. Image: A perspective view of a hall. In the hall a large group is  seated at three long tables.

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  • D'eeuwige gedenck-teekene

    D’eeuwige gedenck-teekene

    September 6, 2013

    Engraving on the Treaty of Breda, signed on 31 July 1667  by England, the United Provinces (Netherlands), France, and Denmark–Norway. This treaty brought an end to the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665–1667). Image: A group of statesmen are standing behind a table. There are documents on the table with lead seal and a quill pen with an inkwell. The upper part of the engraving depicts […]

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  • De vrede van Utrecht - 16 juni 1714

    De vrede van Utrecht – 16 juni 1714

    September 6, 2013

    Engraving on the Treaty of Utrecht that was signed in Utrecht on 26 June 1714 by plenipotentiaries of the King of Spain and the States General of  the Republic of the United Netherlands. Image: Group of men standing around a table in a boarding room with in the front two figures that are shaking hands. At the left […]

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