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Wars

  • The Signing of the Treaty of Ghent, December 24, 1814.

    The Peace of Christmas Eve

    December 21, 2018

    Peace is an elusive thing. For many, the attraction of the Christmas season is the momentary fulfillment of that dream, the wonderful moment of ‘Peace on Earth’. For one night, it seems possible. As Christmas approaches, we experience a sense of ‘Peace on Earth’. A few times in history, this sense of peace at Christmas had real impact on human affairs. A little known example is the the signing of the Treaty of Ghent on Christmas Eve, December 24, 1814, ending a war, the War of 1812, between the United States and the British Empire and their allies.

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  • ApproachingOmaha

    From Classic Wars to Hybrid Warfare

    July 27, 2017

    Thinking about wars people used to see battlefields with tanks, trenches, armies with conventional weapons, uniformed soldiers under strict hierarchical military command structure (‘Befehl ist Befehl’). Wars between nation-states were waged conform international (humantarian) law (Geneva Conventions 1949), in line with Clausewitz’s military theories. However, the concept of warfare is changing rapidly. The war of the Western coalition against Islamic State for instance, is an asymmetrical conflict. If all the jihadi’s would be competing with all Western allied forces on one battlefield, the battle would be over in no time. That’s why Islamic State uses insurgency and hit and run guerrilla-tactics, avoiding army-to-army confrontations.

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  • The Raid on the Medway, 1667: Forcing Peace at Breda

    June 14, 2017

    350 Years ago, the Treaty of Breda was signed at the Dutch city of Breda, 31 July, 1667, by England, the Dutch Republic, France, and Denmark-Norway. It brought a hasty end to the Second Anglo-Dutch War (1665-1667) in favour of the Dutch. It was a typical quick uti possidetis treaty. In the latter stages of the war, the Dutch had prevailed. Lieutenant-Admiral-General Michiel de Ruyter virtually controlled the seas around the south coast of England. His presence encouraged English commissioners to sue for peace quickly. Negotiations, which had been long protracted, and had actually begun in Breda before the raid, took only ten days to conclude after resumption of talks.

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  • Battle of Waterloo 1815-2015

    June 17, 2015

    The Battle of Waterloo was fought on Sunday, 18 June 1815, 200 years ago, near Waterloo in present-day Belgium, then part of the United Kingdom of the Netherlands. The French army under the command of Napoleon Bonaparte was defeated by the armies of the Seventh Coalition, comprising an Anglo-Dutch-Allied army under the command of the Duke of Wellington combined with a Prussian army under the command of Gebhard von Blücher. Find out more about the Napoleonic wars, the Congress of Vienna and the European balance of power in our collection.
    Battle of Watrerloo 1815-2015

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  • Drones Deployed during War raise Various Legal and Ethical Questions

    April 10, 2015

    Drones can be used for many different purposes. The use of drones raises various legal and ethical questions ranging from humanitarian to privacy issues. The Peace and Security Salon of 9 April discussed these questions in the context of the deployment of armed drones and robots during wartime. Three specialists each discussed the use of drones from a different background.

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  • First World War Centenary

    First World War Centenary

    June 27, 2014

    The Peace Palace Library will commemorate the First World War Centenary with a series of blogs and items on the website. The Library’s collection on the Great War is focused on aspects of international law: the laws of war, the Paris Peace Conference, the peace treaties of 1919-1920, the war reparations and the politics of its memory. For that purpose, an extensive Research Guide on the topic has been prepared as a starting point for research in the Library. On display right now in our Reading Room showcase the most recent publications on the topic.

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  • Presentations, Debate and Masterclass, Institute for War and Peace Reporting

    Presentations, Debate and Masterclass, Institute for War and Peace Reporting

    September 5, 2013

    The Institute for War and Peace Reporting trains journalists of (post-) conflict countries to report on their home country or on what is going on in The Hague at the courts and tribunals in a professional way. On 5 September IWPR provides various presentations, a debate and a Masterclass in the Academy Building of the Peace Palace.
    Presentations, Debate and Masterclass, Institute for War and Peace Reporting

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  • Wilhelmo Henrico Principlauriacus ob Fugatos Hostes et Republicam Restitutam

    Wilhelmo Henrico Priniciplauriacum ob Fugatos Hostes et Republicam Restitutam

    June 12, 2013

    17th century engraving by Gérard Lairesse. Image: Allegory in honour of William III, Prince of Orange, after his victorious campaign of 1673. Figure of Hercules to the left of the Maid of the Netherlands, who is surrounded by the 7 Maids of the Provinces.

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