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World War I

  • Treaty of Versailles Centennial: French Aims in Paris

    June 14, 2019

    What war aims did the French have during World War I and how did they negotiate the treaties that ended this war? In 1917 the Comité d’études was created by Aristide Briand to assist the French Government in formulating these aims. The work of this Comité resulted in an impressive report of around 1500 pages: maps, statistics, tracing the borders of the Alsace, the Saar Region, Lorraine, Luxembourg, Central and Eastern Europe, the Balkans, etc. At the Paris Peace Conference, the French Prime Minister, Georges Clemenceau, controlled his delegation and his chief goal was to weaken Germany militarily, strategically and economically.

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  • Treaty of Versailles Centennial: Negotiations in Paris

    June 13, 2019

    This year is the Centennial of the signing of the Treaty of Versailles. Signed on 28 June 1919 in the Hall of Mirrors at Versailles Palace, the Treaty was the most important of the peace treaties that brought an end to World War I. To mark this anniversary, the Peace Palace Library has put together a collection of books exploring the background and aftermath of the Versailles Treaty. This collection will be published on the website and social media.

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  • Silent Night: the Remarkable Christmas Truce of 1914

    “That the Guns may Fall Silent at Least upon the Night the Angels Sang”

    December 21, 2018

    Only five months after the outbreak of the Great War in Europe, on and around Christmas Day 1914, the sounds of rifles firing and shells exploding faded in a number of places along the Western Front in favor of holiday celebrations in the trenches and gestures of goodwill between enemies. Late on Christmas Eve 1914, men of the British Expeditionary Force heard Germans troops in the trenches opposite them singing carols and patriotic songs and saw lanterns and small fir trees along their trenches. Messages began to be shouted between the trenches.

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  • Ormiston, R., First World War Posters, London, Flame Tree Publishing, 2013.

    First World War Posters

    November 12, 2018

    Recruitment, propaganda, rationing, fundraising – during the First World War posters were used to inform and rally the public as never before. Three beautiful books with reproductions.

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  • Concert To End All Wars, Vredespaleis en Doorn, 10 en 11 november 2018

    November 2, 2018

    In een uniek concert bundelen het Montiverdi Kamerkoor Utrecht en de Konrad Koselleck Big Band hun krachten om het einde van de Eerste Wereldoorlog te herdenken. Indringende koormuziek uit die tijd van componisten als Elgar en Ravel ontmoet de vroegere Jazzbandmuziek, nieuwe composities wisselen af met oorlogsklassiekers.

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  • Conferentie 100 Jaar Vrede Organiseren 1918-2018, Vredespaleis, Den Haag

    October 31, 2018

    Op 10 november vindt de interdisciplinaire conferentie ‘100 Jaar Vrede Organiseren, 1918-2018’ plaats. Als aanvullend programma worden er twee concerten georganiseerd in het Vredespaleis en in de Maartenskerk, Doorn.

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  • Air Warfare/Bombardments: A Bibliographic Overview

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  • Are Syria and Iraq the Middle Eastern Bloodlands?

    July 20, 2017

    Deir az-Zor is a sleepy town on the banks of the Euphrates in the Syrian desert, and did not ring much of a bell for most non-Syrians. Except for Armenians. During the 1915 Armenian Genocide, the Ottoman government deported hundreds of thousands of Ottoman Armenians to Deir az-Zor, where they were left to die or were killed outright. A German diplomat who was stationed in that area wrote that the Armenians were “slaughtered like sheep”. To the casual observer this looked allegorical or even hyperbolical, in any case unreal, removed far away in geography, time, and culture. Until recent times, when ISIS videos surfaced online. And again the desert soil of Deir az-Zor shone red with blood, and once more the word ‘Deir az-Zor’ served as a symbol of bloodshed.

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  • Paardenmarkt: A Toxic Legacy of the Great War

    May 29, 2015

    Countries that in the past have chosen to take the easy way out by disposing their chemical warfare material by ocean dumping are now realizing the unpleasant fact that this material, although out of sight, is not out of mind because it presents threats to public health and the environment. Here, the example of one of the largest World War I ammunition dump sites in Europe, the Paardenmarkt, a narrow submerged sand-bank called off the coast of Belgium.

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  • Aletta Jacobs’ Role in the Organization of the Hague International Congress of Women 1915

    March 31, 2015

    This Spring, on April 25, 2015 , the Women’s International League for Peace and Freedom (WILPF) will celebrate its Centenary in the Peace Palace. For this occasion, the Peace Palace Library is cooperating with the Atria Institute in Amsterdam to promote and bring awareness to the history behind WILPF and the Congress of 1915 . Atria is the main institute in the Netherlands dedicated to research, advice and policy-analysis on gender equality and to documenting and archiving women’s history. The collection holds, among many others, the archives of Aletta Jacobs and the history of WILPF. This month, Atria’s intern, Ms. Sanne Stevens wrote a special newsitem on the role of Dutch Sufragette Dr. Aletta Jacobs in the organization of The Hague International Congress of Women in 1915.

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