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World War I

  • Christa Hämmerle: Text Bertha von Suttner Commemorative Lecture

    October 29, 2014

    This year, the Peace Palace Library marked the centenary of the death of Austrian author and Nobel Peace Prize winner Bertha von Suttner. She passed away merely three weeks before the outbreak of World War I. In June of this year, Austrian professor Christa Hämmerle travelled from Vienna to The Hague, to give a special lecture on Bertha von Suttner’s views with regards to the events leading up to the First World War and focused on the participation, position and the role of women throughout the remaining years of the War.

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  • Carrier Pigeons in the First World War

    Carrier Pigeons in the First World War

    July 29, 2014

    Doves are often associated with the concept of Peace and Pacifism. You see them in political cartoons, on banners and signs at events promoting Peace. On the frontline in the First World War these birds were used extensively by both sides, Allied and German, to carry messages from the trenches to their respective military headquarters. Approximately a 100.000 carrier pigeons were used by the British, French, American and German military.

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  • Postcard Peace Palace 1914 'Heeft U het Vredespaleis reeds van binnen gezien?'

    Postcard Peace Palace 1914 ‘Hebt U het Vredespaleis reeds van binnen gezien?’

    July 28, 2014

    Postcard from the days of the First World War. Translated from Dutch: ‘Did you already see the Peace Palace from the inside?’. On the back: Postcard. Lithography Van de Ven – The Hague. Dated 1914.

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  • Gedenkboek voor den Europeeschen Oorlog in 1924 voor de Jeugd

    Gedenkboek voor den Europeeschen Oorlog in 1914 voor de Jeugd

    July 25, 2014

    Picture album of the First World War in 1914 for children. On the cover: the Peace Palace. Special issue of the Dutch magazine “Panorama”.

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  • Garner, J.W., International Law and the World War, 2 vols., London, Longmans, Green and Co, 1920

    Garner, J.W., International Law and the World War, 2 vols., London, Longmans, Green and Co, 1920

    July 24, 2014

    This monumental contemporary treatise was undertaken by the author, Professor J.W. Garner, at the request of the famous jurist Dr. L. Oppenheim to “review the conduct of the belligerents in respect to their interpretation and application of the rules of international law, compare it with the opinions of the authorities and the practice in former wars and wherever infractions appeared, to endeavor to determine the responsibility and to place it where it properly belonged”.

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  • Poster: Darf Belgien Englands Aufmarschgebiet werden?

    Poster: Darf Belgien Englands Aufmarschgebiet werden?

    July 23, 2014

    Poster from World War I expressing German anxiety over the proposed construction of a Channel Tunnel linking Belgium and England, c.1914-1918. Translated from German: Can Belgium be allowed to become England’s deployment area?

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  • The Destruction of the Cathedral of Reims

    The Destruction of the Cathedral of Reims, 1914

    July 23, 2014

    On 20 September 1914, German shellfire burned, damaged and destroyed important parts of the magnificent Cathedral of Reims. The destruction of the Cathedral was generally regarded as an act of sheer vandalism. At the time, it was generally admitted by writers on international law that if the military commander of a besieged place used a church or other building whose immunity had been established, as a stronghold, a storehouse, or an observatory, the besieger might bombard the site without being held responsible for damages caused in consequence of their proximity to other buildings which are liable to bombardment. Even the French war manual itself admitted this.

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  • Chronology of Events, June-July 1914

    Chronology of Events, June-July 1914

    July 4, 2014

    The Peace Palace Library will commemorate the First World War Centenary with a series of blogs and items on the website. Please, check our second series on July 28!

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  • McMeekin, S., July 1914: Countdown to War, New York, NY, Basic Books, 2013.

    McMeekin, S., July 1914: Countdown to War, New York, NY, Basic Books, 2013.

    July 3, 2014

    ‘July 1914’ tells the story of Europe’s countdown to war, between the bloody opening act on 28 June 1914 and Britain’s final plunge on 4 August, which turned a European conflict into a world war.

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  • Vredespaleis WO I 1914 Verstoorde Vredes-Illusie (01)

    Postcard Peace Palace 1914 ‘Verstoorde Vredes-Illusie’

    July 2, 2014

    Postcard from the days of the First World War. Translated from Dutch: ‘Disturbed Peace-Illusion’. On the back: ‘Disturbed Peace-Illusion. The Angel of Peace expelled from the Peace Palace by the War Demon’. Weenenk & Snel, The Hague. 14 67695. Dated 1914.

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