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World War II @fr

  • D-Day and the Battle of Normandy Remembered 2019

    juin 6, 2019

    Commemorations of the Allied D-Day landings have begun in Europe, where veterans of the invasion are gathering along with world leaders to mark the 75th anniversary of the operation to liberate France. D-Day started shortly after midnight June 6th, 1944 with an extensive air and naval bombardment and an airborne assault on the French coast. 24.000 British, Canadian and American paratroopers were dropped behind the 80 kilometer wide beach zone and seized key objectives such as bridges and road crossings.

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  • Former Nazi Officer’s Plea for Mercy Rejected

    janvier 18, 2018

    The mercy plea of Oskar Gröning, a 96-year-old former Nazi officer, has been denied. On July 15, 2015, Mr Gröning, who is also called the ‘bookkeeper of Auschwitz’, was condemned of being “guilty of aiding and abetting murder in three hundred thousand legally concurrent cases”, referring to the 300,000 murders that took place in the Nazi death camp Auschwitz during the Second World War. During the trial of 2015, Oskar Gröning expressly admitted moral guilt, but not criminal guilt.

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  • Hiroshima A-Bombed Tree Ceremony

    décembre 6, 2017

    On the occasion of the 2017 Nobel Peace Prize awarded to ICAN, a descendant of a Haki-kima-kaki tree (Diospyros kaki) that has emerged after the Hiroshima atomic attack has found a new home in the garden of the Peace Palace. Seeds from that Hako-kima-kaki tree were sent from Hiroshima to the Hortus botanicus in Leiden. They have been germinated there and have now grown into a beautiful young tree. In short speeches we have commemorated the victims of the atomic attack that remind us of the need to abolish nuclear weapons. The cruelty of atomic bombs and the suffering of the citizens of Horoshima and Nagasaki is engraved in our memory. Yet the beauty of a surviving tree from Japan gives hope for a better and more peaceful world.

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  • Are Syria and Iraq the Middle Eastern Bloodlands?

    juillet 20, 2017

    Deir az-Zor is a sleepy town on the banks of the Euphrates in the Syrian desert, and did not ring much of a bell for most non-Syrians. Except for Armenians. During the 1915 Armenian Genocide, the Ottoman government deported hundreds of thousands of Ottoman Armenians to Deir az-Zor, where they were left to die or were killed outright. A German diplomat who was stationed in that area wrote that the Armenians were “slaughtered like sheep”. To the casual observer this looked allegorical or even hyperbolical, in any case unreal, removed far away in geography, time, and culture. Until recent times, when ISIS videos surfaced online. And again the desert soil of Deir az-Zor shone red with blood, and once more the word ‘Deir az-Zor’ served as a symbol of bloodshed.

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  • The Emerging Legal Regime of Wrecks of Warships

    février 3, 2017

    The status in international law of operational warships has been long established. In contrast, the status of such vessels after they have sunk has been, and remains, a matter of considerable uncertainty. The 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) provides no rules whatsoever relating to sunken warships nor to wrecks more generally. However, over the last decades, technological advances have led to the discovery of many new wreck sites, fuelling commercial interest in these wrecks. As we have seen in our previous blog, illegal scavenging of war wrecks has caused significant upset among governments, war veterans and historians who want to preserve the final resting place of sailors who went down with their ships.

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  • Java Sea: Dutch, British and U.S. WW II Shipwrecks destroyed by Illegal Scavenging

    décembre 2, 2016

    An international investigation has been launched into the mysterious disappearance of Dutch Second World War shipwrecks which have vanished from the bottom of the Java Sea off the coast of Indonesia. In a press statement on 15 November, the Dutch Defence Ministery has confirmed that the wrecks of two of its warships that sank in 1942, the HNLMS De Ruyter (see photo) and HNLMS Java, have completely gone, while large parts of a third, the HNLMS Kortenaer, are also missing. The Dutch Defence Ministry immediateley launched an investigation as to what happened to the wrecks, suggesting the wrecks may have been illegally salvaged for the scrap metal market.

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  • Liu, D. and Zhang, B. (ed.), Historical War Crimes Trials in Asia, Brussels, Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher, 2016.

    New (e-)book from TOAEP: Historical War Crimes Trials in Asia

    septembre 16, 2016

    Torkel Opsahl Academic EPublisher (TOAEP) in Brussels has published a new (e-)book : Historical War Crimes Trials in Asia edited by Daqun Liu and Binxin Zhang. Also worth mentioning are volume III and Volume IV in the Series: Historical origins of international criminal law, edited by Morten Bergsmo, Cheah Wui Ling and Yi Ping. The ‘Publication […]

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  • ‘Nuremberg: It’s Lesson for Today’, Film Screening, Thursday 26 November

    novembre 18, 2015

    We kindly invite you for this film screening. Registration and tickets, please click here.
    ‘Nuremberg: It's Lesson for Today’, Film Screening, Thursday 26 November

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  • Video Registration Lecture ‘70 Years Nuremberg’

    novembre 17, 2015

    Our event on November 14 was a great success. About 170 people attended! The speakers for this Library lecture were: H.E. Justice Shireen Avis Fisher from the Residual Special Court of Sierra Leone, H.E. Judge Howard Morrison from the International Criminal Court and Mr. Axel Fisher, Philipps University of Marburg, Germany. Please, watch the video registration on our YouTube Channel.
    Video Registration ‘70 Years Nuremberg’

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  • ‘70 Years Nuremberg’, Lecture and Film Screening, 14 and 26 November

    novembre 12, 2015

    The Peace Palace Library commemorates the 70th anniversary of the Nuremberg Trials against the principal perpetrators of the Hitler regime. The Library invites you to join us in commemorating this important moment in history and to reflect on the lessons we have learnt from the Nuremberg Trials in recent times. Please, register here.
    Hermann Goring at Nuremberg

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