World War II

  • Nederland zal herrijzen

    February 13, 2013

    Poster to commemorate the liberation of The Netherlands on 5 mei 1945 depicting a war scene. Picture: Foreign and Dutch soldiers are liberating the Dutch virgin from her chains and the Dutch lion from barbed wire. They snatch the German eagle away from the virgin. In the background flags of liberators are waving above the ruins. […]

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  • Our Soviet banner leads us from victory to victory

    February 13, 2013

    Poster with text ”Our Soviet flag leads us from victory to victory.” Image: Celebration of the  victory in Moskou with large red waving Soviet flag and fireworks above the Kremlin.

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  • Professor Wouter Veraart

    Cultural Property: Art Crimes, Disputes and the Passage of Time

    December 6, 2012

    On the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the Dutch Restitutions Committee, an International Symposium titled ‘Fair and Just Solutions? Alternatives to Litigation in Nazi-looted Art Disputes, Status Quo And New Developments’ was held in the Academy Building of the Peace Palace on November 27, 2012.

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  • Symposium on International Collaboration in Claims for Nazi-Looted Art, The Hague, November 27, 2012

    Symposium on International Collaboration in Claims for Nazi-Looted Art, The Hague, November 27, 2012

    November 26, 2012

    To mark its tenth anniversary, the Dutch Restitutions Committee is staging an international symposium about claims for Nazi-looted art in the Peace Palace in The Hague on 27 November.

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  • Raoul Wallenberg Commemoration Year 2012

    Peace Palace Library Lecture: The Legacy of Raoul Wallenberg

    November 2, 2012

    On Tuesday October 30th 2012, the Peace Palace Library together with the Embassies of Sweden, Israel, Hungary and the United States organized a Lecture on the occasion of 100 years since the birth of Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg. To commemorate the life and the deeds of Raoul Wallenberg during the Second World War, a tree planting ceremony was held in the garden of the Peace Palace where an oak tree was planted by the Ambassadors of Sweden, Israel, Hungary and the Chargé d’Affaires of the United States of America.

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  • Peace Palace Library Lecture

    March 15, 2012

    Peace Palace Library Lecture in cooperation with Embassy of Israel by Judge Gabriel Bach about “50 Years since the Eichmann trial-Memories”

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  • Library users in the spotlight

    February 27, 2012

    Dr. Ruth Bettina Birn is a historian. Between 1991 and 2005, Dr. Birn was chief historian of the war crimes and crimes against humanity division in the Canadian Justice department. Dr. Birn carried out extensive research on the trial of Adolf Eichmann. Her research mainly focussed on the use of evidence and the historical background of the trial. When asked how she feels about the Peace Palace Library Dr Birn stated that ” Moving to The Hague in 2005, I discovered the Peace Palace Library. Its world-class collection nourishes me daily and expands my knowledge of transitional justice. A new home away from home. ”

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  • Dresden 1945

    Dresden 1945: An Allied War Crime?

    February 18, 2011

    Since 1945, the bombing of Dresden is considered by many as a violation of international law and as a crime against humanity, even though positive rules of international humanitarian law were absent at the time. The Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907, were among the first formal statements of the laws of war and war crimes in the nascent body of international law. However these conventions, adressing the codes of wartime conduct on land and at sea, were adopted before the rise of air power. Despite repeated diplomatic attempts (→ The Hague Rules of Air Warefare 1922/1923) to update international humanitarian law to include aerial warfare, it was not done before the outbreak of World War II. The absence of positive international humanitarian law does not mean that the laws of war did not cover aerial warfare, but there was no general agreement of how to interpret those laws. The aerial bombardment of Dresden does not only raise the question as to whether or not it was an Allied war crime, but it also makes a moral appeal to prevent total war against civilian populations. It’s memory is kept alive.

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