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Research guide Subjects of International Law

vrouwe justitia 2

Subjects of International Law can be described as those persons or entities who possess international personality. Throughout the 19th century, only States qualified as subjects of international law. After, the Second World War, more and more new actors emerged in the international legal arena such as the intergovernmental organizations created by States, Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) created by individuals, multinationals and even natural persons (i.e. individuals).

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Library Blog The South China Sea Arbitration (12 July 2016) PCA Case No. 2013-19


In the South China Sea Arbitration Award (12 July 2016), an arbitral tribunal at The Hague found that China’s claim to historic rights to resources was incompatible with the detailed allocation of rights and maritime zones in the Convention. The Tribunal considered that prior to the Convention, the waters of the South China Sea beyond the territorial sea were legally part of the high seas, in which vessels from any State could freely navigate and fish. Accordingly, the Tribunal concluded that, as between the Philippines and China, there was no legal basis for China to claim historic rights to resources, in excess of the rights provided for by the Convention, within the sea areas falling within the ‘nine-dash line’.

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Library news | Events Activities AAA 2016

This year’s summer assistants will accompany the participants during all cultural and legal activities organized by the Association of Attendees and Alumni. Registration for the activities will only be possible at the AAA-desk inside the Peace Palace, Academy Building. For Hague Academy students only!
Activities AAA Public Course 2015

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The Hague Academy Summer Courses 2016


We welcome all students of the The Hague Academy of International Law’s summer courses, first period 11 July – 29 July (Public International Law) and second period 1-19 August (Private International Law). The coming six weeks, the library will serve as the Academy’s ‘home library’, providing the students with access to all books, articles, essays and documentation on international law available in either paper or electronic format. In this Library special, we present you all relevant information. Our July and August Newsletters will be entirely devoted to the coming summer courses, so stay tuned!

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South China Sea Territorial Disputes

South China Sea Territorial Disputes.02jpg

China claims most of the South China Sea, through which more than $5 trillion of world trade passes every year. Vietnam, Malaysia, Brunei, the Philippines and Taiwan have rival claims. In addition to substantial natural resources, the South China Sea is of paramount strategic significance to the Asian security paradigm and to global stability. We have created a Library Special on this topic in order to provide you easy access to our collection: a selective bibliography, newsletters, books, articles and online resources.

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Peace Palace Library showcase

  • mélanges en l'honneur de, essays in honour of dean spielmann
    mélanges en l'honneur de, essays in honour of dean spielmann

    Mélanges en l’honneur de Dean Spielmann = Essays in honour of Dean Spielmann: liber amicorum Dean Spielmann, Oisterwijk, Wolf Legal Publishers (WLP), 2015.

  • 509 G 10
    509 G 10

    509 G 10

  • 513 A 8
    513 A 8

    513 A 8

  • 509 d 39
    509 d 39

    509 D 39

  • 511 C 25
    511 C 25

    511 C 25

  • 510 a 23
    510 a 23

    510 A 23

You can find the showcase in our Reading Room.